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Tuesday February 28, 2017, 05:00 AM

Secrets of the Calcerous Ooze Revealed

Washington University in St. Louis

By growing phytoplankton called coccolithophores in the lab, scientists were able to understand the large biological overprint on the climate signal encoded by their remains, clearing the way for their use as climate proxies.

Monday February 27, 2017, 01:45 PM

Acidification of Arctic Ocean May Threaten Marine Life, Fishing Industry

University of Delaware

An international research team found a rapid rise in acidification in the western Arctic Ocean, a potential threat to shellfish, the marine ecosystem and the fishing industry. Since the 1990s, acidified waters have expanded north about 300 nautical miles from Alaska to just below the North Pole.

Wednesday February 22, 2017, 12:05 PM

How Do Polar Bears Respond to Climate Change, Subsistence Hunting?

University of Washington

A new, two-part project led by the UW's Kristin Laidre aims to explore the interacting effects of climate change and subsistence hunting on polar bears, while also illuminating the cultural value of the species to indigenous peoples and the role they play in conservation.

Tuesday February 21, 2017, 02:05 PM

Over Time, Nuisance Flooding Can Cost More Than Extreme, Infrequent Events

University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., Feb. 21, 2017 - Global climate change is being felt in many coastal communities of the United States, not always in the form of big weather disasters but as a steady drip, drip, drip of nuisance flooding.According to researchers at the University of California, Irvine, rising sea levels will cause these smaller events to become increasingly frequent in the future, and the cumulative effect will be comparable to extreme events such as Hurricane Katrina or Superstorm Sandy.

Monday February 20, 2017, 04:05 PM

Northwestern Student Government President Wins Luce Scholarship

Northwestern University

Northwestern University senior and Associated Student Government President Christina Cilento will spend the year after she graduates learning about impacts of climate change in Asia as a Luce Scholar. One of 18 future leaders to be named a 2017-18 Luce Scholar, Cilento will continue her education after she departs in June, from Northwestern -- where the 21-year-old native Pennsylvanian discovered her passion for environmental policy.

Friday February 17, 2017, 01:05 PM

Climate-Driven Permafrost Thaw

Geological Society of America (GSA)

In bitter cold regions like northwestern Canada, permafrost has preserved relict ground-ice and vast glacial sedimentary stores in a quasi-stable state. These landscapes therefore retain a high potential for climate-driven transformation.

Wednesday February 15, 2017, 01:05 PM

'The Blob' of Abnormal Conditions Boosted Western U.S. Ozone Levels

University of Washington

Abnormal conditions in the northeast Pacific Ocean, nicknamed "the blob," put ozone levels in June 2015 higher than normal over a large swath of the Western U.S.

Wednesday February 15, 2017, 05:00 AM

Researchers Catch Extreme Waves with Higher-Resolution Modeling

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A new Berkeley Lab study shows that high-resolution models captured hurricanes and big waves that low-resolution ones missed. Better extreme wave forecasts are important for coastal cities, the military, the shipping industry, and surfers.

Tuesday February 14, 2017, 07:00 PM

Canadian Glaciers Now Major Contributor to Sea Level Change, UCI Study Shows

Ice loss from Canada's Arctic glaciers has transformed them into a major contributor to sea level change, new research by University of California, Irvine glaciologists has found. From 2005 to 2015, surface melt off ice caps and glaciers of the Queen Elizabeth Islands grew by an astonishing 900 percent.

Monday February 13, 2017, 07:05 PM

Two PNNL Researchers Elected to Membership in the National Academy of Engineering

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Two scientists at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory will become members of the prestigious National Academy of Engineering.

Monday February 13, 2017, 01:05 PM

Sunlight or Bacteria? Scientists Investigate What Breaks Down Permafrost Carbon

Florida State University

Researchers found sunlight converted little if any permafrost thawed carbon to carbon dioxide, whereas microbes were shown to rapidly convert permafrost carbon to carbon dioxide.

Monday February 13, 2017, 01:05 PM

Climate Change Impacts on Threatened and Endangered Wildlife Massively Underreported

Wildlife Conservation Society

A team of scientists reporting in the journal Nature Climate Change say that negative impacts of climate change on threatened and endangered wildlife have been massively under reported.

Monday February 13, 2017, 10:05 AM

How Untreated Water Is Making Our Kids Sick: FSU Researcher Explores Possible Climate Change Link

Florida State University

A Florida State University researcher has drawn a link between the impact of climate change and untreated drinking water on the rate of gastrointestinal illness in children.

Thursday February 09, 2017, 04:05 PM

New Supercomputer Triples Earth System Science Capability with Greater Efficiency

National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) is launching operations this month of one of the world's most powerful and energy-efficient supercomputers, providing the nation with a major new tool to advance understanding of the atmospheric and related Earth system sciences.

Wednesday February 08, 2017, 02:05 PM

Hidden Lakes Drain Below West Antarctica's Thwaites Glacier

University of Washington

Drainage of four interconnected lakes below Thwaites Glacier in late 2013 caused only a 10 percent increase in the glacier's speed. The glacier's recent speedup is therefore not due to changes in meltwater flow along its underside.

Sunday February 05, 2017, 12:05 PM

How Much Drought Can a Forest Take?

University of California, Davis

Aerial tree mortality surveys show patterns of tree death during extreme drought.

Thursday February 02, 2017, 03:05 PM

Lab Specializes in Analyzing Brittle Portion of Polar Ice Cores

South Dakota State University

Tiny air bubbles compressed within a polar ice core make some sections brittle to the touch, but one ice core lab knows how to handle this delicate part of the chemical analysis, thus making the dating of the entire ice core possible.

Wednesday February 01, 2017, 02:05 PM

Tropics Cool in January; Globe Doesn't

University of Alabama Huntsville

Global Temperature Report: January 2017

Wednesday February 01, 2017, 11:05 AM

Coastal Wetlands Excel at Storing Carbon

University of Maryland, College Park

New analysis supports mangrove forests, tidal marshes and seagrass meadows as effective climate buffers.

Tuesday January 31, 2017, 12:05 PM

UNH Research Finds White Mountain National Forest Home to Nearly 140 Species of Bees

University of New Hampshire

The White Mountain National Forest is home to nearly 140 species of native bees, including two species of native bumble bees that are in decline in the Northeast, according to researchers with the University of New Hampshire who recently completed the first assessment of the state's native bee population in the national forest.

Monday January 30, 2017, 01:05 PM

Researcher Finds Limited Sign of Soil Adaptation to Climate Warming

University of New Hampshire

While scientists and policy experts debate the impacts of global warming, the Earth's soil is releasing roughly nine times more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere than all human activities combined. This huge carbon flux from soil, which is due to the natural respiration of soil microbes and plant roots, begs one of the central questions in climate change science. As the global climate warms, will soil respiration rates increase, adding even more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere and accelerating climate change?

Monday January 30, 2017, 11:05 AM

Iowa State Scientist Receives Grants to Improve Glacier-Flow Models, Sea-Level Predictions

Iowa State's Neal Iverson is working with an international team on two projects that aim to build more realistic computer models of glacier flow. The researchers hope to understand how glaciers will speed up and add to sea-level rise as the climate warms.

Monday January 30, 2017, 10:05 AM

Move Over Bear Grylls! Academics Build Ultimate Solar-Powered Water Purifier

University at Buffalo

You've seen Bear Grylls turn foul water into drinking water with little more than sunlight and plastic. Academics added a third element -- carbon-dipped paper -- to create a highly efficient and inexpensive way to turn saltwater and contaminated water into potable water for personal use. The system could help address global drinking water shortages, especially in developing areas and regions affected by natural disasters.

Friday January 27, 2017, 02:00 PM

Toxic Mercury in Aquatic Life Could Spike with Greater Land Runoff

Rutgers University

A highly toxic form of mercury could jump by 300 to 600 percent in zooplankton - tiny animals at the base of the marine food chain - if land runoff increases by 15 to 30 percent, according to a new study. And such an increase is possible due to climate change, according to the pioneering study by Rutgers University and other scientists published today in Science Advances.

Thursday January 26, 2017, 02:05 PM

A Look at the Epic Blizzard of '77, by the Numbers

Cornell University

Thursday January 26, 2017, 01:10 PM

Study: How Climate Change Threatens Mountaintops (and Clean Water)

University of Vermont

A first-of-its kind study, in the journal Nature, shows how mountain ecosystems around the globe may be threatened by climate change over the next decades. The scientists discovered that key nutrient cycles in mountain soils and plants may be disrupted--which, in turn, may threaten global drinking water supplies.

Monday January 23, 2017, 12:05 PM

Arctic Melt Ponds Form When Meltwater Clogs Ice Pores

University of Utah

A team including University of Utah mathematician Kenneth Golden has determined how Arctic melt ponds form, solving a paradoxical mystery of how a pool of water actually sits atop highly porous ice.

Thursday January 19, 2017, 11:05 AM

Caves in Central China Show History of Natural Flood Patterns

University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

Researchers at the University of Minnesota have found that major flooding and large amounts of precipitation occur on 500-year cycles in central China. These findings shed light on the forecasting of future floods and improve understanding of climate change over time and the potential mechanism of strong precipitation in monsoon regions.

Thursday January 19, 2017, 10:00 AM

Regional Sea-Level Scenarios Will Help Northeast Plan for Faster-Than-Global Rise

Rutgers University

Sea level in the Northeast and in some other U.S. regions will rise significantly faster than the global average, according to a report released by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Moreover, in a worst-case scenario, global sea level could rise by about 8 feet by 2100. Robert E. Kopp, an associate professor in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Rutgers University, coauthored the report, which lays out six scenarios intended to inform national and regional planning.

Wednesday January 18, 2017, 05:05 PM

Climate Change Prompts Alaska Fish to Change Breeding Behavior

University of Washington

A new University of Washington study finds that one of Alaska's most abundant freshwater fish species is altering its breeding patterns in response to climate change, which could impact the ecology of northern lakes that already acutely feel the effects of a changing climate.

Wednesday January 18, 2017, 08:05 AM

UF/IFAS Model Delivers Growers Severe Weather Data Specific to Their Farms

University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

"Growers kept asking us, 'What is the probability of getting an extreme weather event on my farm when my crop is ready to harvest,'" said Caroline Staub, a post-doctoral researcher in the UF/IFAS agricultural and biological engineering department.

Monday January 16, 2017, 11:00 AM

Tracking Antarctic Adaptations in Diatoms

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

An international team of researchers conducted a comparative genomic analysis to gain insights into the genome structure and evolution of the diatom Fragillariopsis cylindrus, as well as its role in the Southern Ocean.

Thursday January 12, 2017, 01:05 PM

Why Lyme Disease Is Common in the North, Rare in the South

US Geological Survey (USGS)

It's the heat and the humidity, USGS-led study finds

Thursday January 12, 2017, 10:05 AM

'Shrew'-D Advice: Study of Arctic Shrews, Parasites Indicates How Climate Change May Affect Ecosystems and Communities

MANHATTAN, KANSAS -- The shrew and its parasites -- even 40-year-old preserved ones -- are the new indicators of environmental change, according to a Kansas State University researcher. Andrew Hope, Kansas State University research assistant professor in the Division of Biology, and his colleagues across the U.S. have published "Shrews and Their Parasites: Small Species Indicate Big Changes" in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's 2016 Arctic Report Card.

Thursday January 12, 2017, 10:05 AM

Celebrating Climate Data's Wild Blue Yonder

Department of Energy, Office of Science

ARM Facility Marks the First Official Decade of its High-Flying Aerial Organization.

Wednesday January 11, 2017, 01:00 PM

Tallying the Social Cost of Climate-Changing Carbon Dioxide

Rutgers University

A National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine committee today released a report aimed at ensuring that estimates of the social cost of carbon dioxide used by the U.S. government keep reflecting state-of-the-art science and evidence. Rutgers Today asked committee member Robert E. Kopp, an associate professor in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Rutgers, to discuss the topic.

Wednesday January 11, 2017, 12:05 PM

Changing Climate Changes Soils

American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

In a new study, researchers used digital techniques to predict how one vital soil characteristic, soil organic carbon, may be altered by climate change.

Tuesday January 10, 2017, 01:05 PM

Rapid Arctic Warming Has in the Past Shifted Southern Ocean Winds

University of Washington

Ice core records from the two poles show that during the last ice age, sharp spikes in Arctic temperatures triggered shifts in the winds around Antarctica.

Monday January 09, 2017, 11:05 AM

Crystallization Method Offers New Option for Carbon Capture From Ambient Air

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have found a simple, reliable process to capture carbon dioxide directly from ambient air, offering a new option for carbon capture and storage strategies to combat global warming.

Friday January 06, 2017, 04:05 PM

Large-Scale Tornado Outbreaks Increasing in Frequency, Study Finds

University of Chicago

The frequency of large-scale tornado outbreaks is increasing in the United States, particularly when it comes to the most extreme events, according to research recently published in Science.

Thursday January 05, 2017, 10:05 AM

Radar Reveals Meltwater's Year-Round Life Under Greenland Ice

Earth Institute at Columbia University

Exploring where liquid goes, even in winter

Thursday January 05, 2017, 09:00 AM

New Research Shows That Turning Up the Thermostat Could Help Tropical Climates Cool Down

UC Berkeley, College of Environmental Design

New research done in Singapore shows that slightly raising indoor temperatures and equipping office workers with smart fans saves significantly on overall office building energy costs while maintaining employee comfort.

Wednesday January 04, 2017, 02:05 PM

Increasing Rainfall in a Warmer World Will Likely Intensify Typhoons in Western Pacific

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

An analysis of the strongest tropical storms over the last half-century reveals that higher global temperatures have intensified the storms via enhanced rainfall. Rain that falls on the ocean reduces salinity and allows typhoons to grow stronger.

Wednesday January 04, 2017, 01:00 PM

More Frequent Hurricanes Not Necessarily Stronger on Atlantic Coast

University of Wisconsin-Madison

Active Atlantic hurricane periods, like the one we are in now, are not necessarily a harbinger of more, rapidly intensifying hurricanes along the U.S. coast, according to new research performed at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Wednesday January 04, 2017, 10:05 AM

2016 Edges 1998 as Warmest Year on Record

University of Alabama Huntsville

Global Temperature Report: December 2016

Friday December 30, 2016, 08:05 AM

Biologist's Ant Research Provides Long-Term Look at Effects of Climate Change

Bowling Green State University

Many scientists have attempted to tackle how climate change will affect the natural world by determining the thermal tolerance of various species, then predicting what will happen to them as our world warms. However, this approach as a way to understand nature has its drawbacks because one species never acts alone, so comprehending how global change impacts these interactions is crucial to a holistic understanding.

Thursday December 29, 2016, 10:05 AM

Flood Threats Changing Across US

University of Iowa

A University of Iowa study finds the threat of flooding is growing in the northern half of the United States and declining in the South. The findings are based on water-height measurements at 2,042 stream and rivers, compared to NASA data showing the amount of water stored in the ground.

Thursday December 22, 2016, 03:05 PM

Researchers Capture Video of False Killer Whale's Encounter with Longline

A team of researchers and fishermen used video and audio recordings to observe false killer whales removing fish from a longline fishing hook, a behavior known as depredation.

Thursday December 22, 2016, 02:05 PM

UCI Scientists Identify a New Approach to Recycle Greenhouse Gas

Using a novel approach involving a key enzyme that helps regulate global nitrogen, University of California, Irvine molecular biologists have discovered an effective way to convert carbon dioxide (CO2) to carbon monoxide (CO) that can be adapted for commercial applications like biofuel synthesis.

Thursday December 22, 2016, 09:05 AM

For Critical Marine Low Clouds, a Research and Observation Plan

Department of Energy, Office of Science

Marine low clouds hover in the lowest couple of kilometers above the world's oceans. They produce little but drizzle, and could never match their deeper mid-continent cousin clouds for dramatic weather and severe storms. But marine low clouds are vastly important to the world's climate and energy balance.

Tuesday December 20, 2016, 01:05 PM

Study to Assess Climate Resiliency of More Than 250 US Cities

University of Notre Dame

The University of Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative has announced it will assess the climate vulnerability and readiness of every U.S. city with a population over 100,000.

Tuesday December 20, 2016, 09:00 AM

Scientists Bear Witness to Birth of an Ice Cloud

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Scientists have witnessed the birth of atmospheric ice clouds, creating ice cloud crystals in the laboratory and then taking images of the process through a microscope, essentially documenting the very first steps of cloud formation.

Monday December 19, 2016, 12:00 PM

The Case of the Missing Diamonds

Washington University in St. Louis

A Washington University physicist practiced at finding tiny diamonds in stardust from the pre-solar universe has repeatedly failed to find them in Younger Dryas sedimentary layers, effectively discrediting the hypothesis that an exploding comet caused the sudden climate reversal at the end of the last Ice Age.

Monday December 19, 2016, 11:00 AM

New Leaf Study Sheds Light on 'Shady' Past

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A new study led by a Berkeley Lab research scientist highlights a literally shady practice in plant science that has in some cases underestimated plants' rate of growth and photosynthesis, among other traits.

Thursday December 15, 2016, 02:05 PM

Supercomputer Simulations Confirm Observations of 2015 India/Pakistan Heat Waves

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A paper released December 15 during the American Geophysical Union fall meeting points to new evidence of human influence on extreme weather events. After examining observational and simulated temperature and heat indexes, the research team--which included three scientists from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory--concluded that two separate deadly heat waves that occurred in India and Pakistan in the summer of 2015 "were exacerbated by anthropogenic climate change."

Thursday December 15, 2016, 11:00 AM

Study: Warming Could Slow Upslope Migration of Trees

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Scientists expect trees will advance upslope as global temperatures increase, shifting the tree line--the mountain zone where trees become smaller and eventually stop growing--to higher elevations. Subalpine forests will follow their climate up the mountain, in other words. But new research published Dec. 15 in the journal Global Change Biology suggests this may not hold true for two subalpine tree species of western North America.

Thursday December 15, 2016, 10:05 AM

Data Storage Upgrades Future-Proof ARM Field Sites--For Now

Department of Energy, Office of Science

Throughout 2016, Cory Stuart, ARM's Site Data System (SDS) and Cyber Security Manager, and his team at Argonne National Laboratory have been methodically visiting all ARM sites to upgrade the data systems, especially storage capacity.

Tuesday December 13, 2016, 03:05 PM

Turfgrass Research Focuses on Irrigation Efficiency, Drought Tolerance

New Mexico State University (NMSU)

Subsurface drip irrigation is the newest method in turfgrass efficiency. Two projects will test these research findings: A subsurface drip irrigation system in several tee boxes at a golf course, and a city park, where a subsurface drip irrigation system has been installed on half of the park.

Tuesday December 13, 2016, 10:05 AM

Capturing Clouds for LASSO Leads to New Radar Techniques

Department of Energy, Office of Science

The ARM Climate Research Facility has some of the best instruments in the world for measuring atmospheric properties, but achieving the highest-quality results requires knowing the optimal way to use them. In a recent paper, a research team used ARM data to optimize radar measurements and accompanying models.

Tuesday December 13, 2016, 05:00 AM

Study: Warming Global Temperatures May Not Affect Carbon Stored Deep in Northern Peatlands

Florida State University

Deep stores of carbon in northern peatlands may be safe from rising temperatures, according to a team of researchers from several U.S.-based institutions. s

Monday December 12, 2016, 10:05 AM

From a Convective Clouds Campaign, a BAMS Cover and Scads of Rich Data

Department of Energy, Office of Science

Sometimes the math in climate science is pretty easy: MC3E, plus 24 authors, equals one gorgeous cover story for the September issue of the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS).

Friday December 09, 2016, 10:05 AM

How the Fed Joined the Fight Against Climate Change: Financial Expert Comments

Saint Joseph's University

Friday December 09, 2016, 04:00 AM

Researchers: Climate Change Likely Caused Deadly 2016 Avalanche in Tibet

Ohio State University

On July 17, more than 70 million tons of ice broke off from the Aru glacier in the mountains of western Tibet and tumbled into a valley below, taking the lives of nine nomadic yak herders living there. Researchers conducted a kind of forensic analysis of the disaster, and the cause was likely climate change.

Thursday December 08, 2016, 02:00 PM

Climate Change Is Already Causing Widespread Local Extinction in Plant and Animal Species


Extinctions related to climate change have already happened in hundreds of plant and animal species around the world. New research, publishing on December 8th in the open-access journal PLOS Biology, shows that local extinctions have already occurred in 47% of the 976 plant and animal species studied.

Wednesday December 07, 2016, 03:05 PM

Scientists Improve Predictions of How Temperature Affects the Survival of Fish Embryos

Scientists closely tracking the survival of endangered Sacramento River salmon faced a puzzle: the same high temperatures that salmon eggs survived in the laboratory appeared to kill many of the eggs in the river

Wednesday December 07, 2016, 01:05 PM

New Studies Take a Second Look at Coral Bleaching Culprit

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Scientists have called superoxide out as the main culprit behind coral bleaching: The idea is that as this toxin build up inside coral cells, the corals fight back by ejecting the tiny energy- and color-producing algae living inside them. In doing so, they lose their vibrancy, turn a sickly white, and are left weak, damaged, and vulnerable to disease.

Wednesday December 07, 2016, 01:05 PM

East Greenland Ice Sheet Has Responded to Climate Change Over the Last 7.5 Million Years

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Using marine sediment cores containing isotopes of aluminum and beryllium, a group of international researchers has discovered that East Greenland experienced deep, ongoing glacial erosion over the past 7.5 million years. The research reconstructs ice sheet erosion dynamics in that region during the past 7.5 million years and has potential implications for how much the ice sheet will respond to future interglacial warming.

Wednesday December 07, 2016, 01:00 PM

Greenland on Thin Ice?

University of Vermont

New research opens up the deep history of the Greenland Ice Sheet, looking back millions of years farther than previous techniques allowed--and raises urgent questions about if the giant ice sheet might dramatically accelerate its melt-off in the near future.

Wednesday December 07, 2016, 10:05 AM

Ecologists Publish Research on Soil's Potential to Increase the Earth's CO2

Kansas State University

Soil, an important part of the carbon cycle, might compound the world's carbon dioxide problem, according to a global study involving Kansas State University researchers and Konza Prairie Biological Station. The study, "Quantifying global soil carbon losses in response to warming," recently published in Nature, predicts that soils may release large quantities of carbon dioxide in response to warming, leading to even faster rates of warming globally.

Tuesday December 06, 2016, 11:05 AM

Predicting Unpredictability: Information Theory Offers New Way to Read Ice Cores

Santa Fe Institute

A new technique based in information theory promises to improve researchers' ability to interpret ice core samples and our understanding of the earth's climate history.

Tuesday December 06, 2016, 10:05 AM

Iowa State Scientist Uses Clam Shells to Help Build 1,000-Year Record of Ocean Climate

Iowa State University

Scientists -- including Iowa State's Alan Wanamaker -- have sorted and studied thousands of clam shells to build a 1,000-year record of ocean conditions and climate changes at a spot just off North Iceland.

Thursday December 01, 2016, 04:35 PM

Exploring the Fate of the Earth's Storehouse of Carbon

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

A new study predicts that warming temperatures will contribute to the release into the atmosphere of carbon that has long been locked up securely in the coldest reaches of our planet.Soil and climate expert Katherine Todd-Brown of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is an author of the study, which was led by researchers at Yale.

Thursday December 01, 2016, 02:00 PM

Increasing Tornado Outbreaks--Is Climate Change Responsible?

Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

In a new study, Columbia Engineering researchers looked at increasing trends in the severity of tornado outbreaks where they measured severity by the number of tornadoes per outbreak. They found that these trends are increasing fastest for the most extreme outbreaks.

Thursday December 01, 2016, 12:05 PM

Where the Rains Come From

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Intense storms have become more frequent and longer-lasting in the Great Plains and Midwest in the last 35 years. What has fueled these storms? The temperature difference between the Southern Great Plains and the Atlantic Ocean produces winds that carry moisture from the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Plains, according to a new study in Nature Communications.

Wednesday November 30, 2016, 11:05 AM

6,000 Years Ago The Sahara Desert Was Tropical, So What Happened?

Texas A&M University

As little as 6,000 years ago, the vast Sahara Desert was covered in grassland that received plenty of rainfall, but shifts in the world's weather patterns abruptly transformed the vegetated region into some of the driest land on Earth.

Wednesday November 30, 2016, 10:05 AM

Cloud in a Box: Mixing Aerosols and Turbulence

Michigan Technological University

In research conducted in Michigan Tech's cloud chamber, Physics Professors Raymond Shaw, Will Cantrell and colleagues found that cleaner clouds also have a much wider variability in droplet size. And the way those droplets form could have serious implications for weather and climate change.

Tuesday November 29, 2016, 02:05 PM

Telescopic Walls Could Rise on Demand to Stop Flood Waters

University at Buffalo

An University at Buffalo PhD student received a $225,000 National Science Foundation grant to develop a system of telescoping concrete boxes to be used as "rise on demand" flood walls. The walls can be installed below ground level, so as not to block any water views, and can be raised when the threat of flooding occurs.

Monday November 28, 2016, 03:05 PM

How to Monitor Global Ocean Warming - Without Harming Whales

University of Washington

Tracking the speed of internal tides offers a cheap, simple way to monitor temperature changes throughout the world's oceans.

Monday November 28, 2016, 12:05 PM

NAU Ecologist Shares Permafrost Prediction

Northern Arizona University

An article by NAU researcher Ted Schuur discusses how the release of carbon stored in the soil of the thawing Arctic tundra has the potential for speeding up climate change.

Monday November 28, 2016, 12:05 PM

The Ancient Atmosphere and Carbon and Nitrogen in the Earth's Crust

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Carbon and nitrogen are central to life on Earth - life cannot exist without them, but an overabundance in the atmosphere imperils the life we have. So how much carbon and nitrogen is there on planet Earth? And how much was in the ancient atmosphere? Actually, no one is really sure.

Monday November 28, 2016, 07:30 AM

West Antarctic Ice Shelf Breaking Up From the Inside Out

Ohio State University

A key glacier in Antarctica is breaking apart from the inside out, suggesting that the ocean is weakening ice on the edges of the continent.

Wednesday November 23, 2016, 01:05 PM

Thinning and Retreat of West Antarctic Glacier Began in 1940s

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

New research by an international team shows that the present thinning and retreat of Pine Island Glacier in West Antarctica is part of a climatically forced trend that was triggered in the 1940s.

Tuesday November 22, 2016, 12:05 PM

Oceans Act as A "Heat Sink"

University of Delaware

Study by three universities, NASA, NOAA and NCAR, points to the prominent role global ocean played in absorbing extra heat from the atmosphere by acting as a "heat sink" as an explanation for the observed decrease in a key indicator of climate change.

Tuesday November 22, 2016, 12:05 PM

Boise State Study Shows Climate Affecting Avian Breeding

Boise State University

Milder winters have led to earlier growing seasons and noticeable effects on the breeding habits of some predatory birds. This study looks at kestrels that nested in both non-irrigated shrub and grasslands and those that nested in irrigated crops and pastures.

Monday November 21, 2016, 01:05 PM

Weather the Storm: Improving Great Lakes Modeling

Michigan Technological University

Water and atmospheric processes are inseparable. Now, there is a supercomputer model that couples climate and hydrodynamic factors for the Great Lakes region. The new model will be useful for climate predictions, habitat modeling for invasive species, oil spill mitigation and other environmental research.

Monday November 21, 2016, 11:00 AM

Concrete Jungle Functions as Carbon Sink, UCI and Other Researchers Find

University of California, Irvine

Cement manufacturing is among the most carbon-intensive industrial processes, but an international team of researchers has found that over time, the widely used building material reabsorbs much of the CO2 emitted when it was made.

Monday November 21, 2016, 12:00 AM

Rutgers' Bountiful Cranberries Spreading in U.S., Canada and Overseas

Rutgers University

If you drink cranberry juice, munch on dried cranberries or savor cranberry sauce, chances are they may include varieties bred at Rutgers University in the New Jersey Pinelands.

Friday November 18, 2016, 11:40 AM

Study: Climate Change Could Outpace EPA Lake Protections

University of Vermont

New research suggests that Lake Champlain may be more susceptible to damage from climate change than was previously understood--and that, therefore, the rules created by the EPA to protect the lake may be inadequate to prevent algae blooms and water quality problems as the region gets hotter and wetter.

Wednesday November 16, 2016, 02:05 PM

Study Reveals Impacts of Climate Warming and Declining Sea Ice on Arctic Whale Migration

Florida Atlantic University

Declines in the Arctic sea ice are arguably the most dramatic evidence of the effects of current climate warming on ocean systems. While sea ice is perhaps the most defining habitat feature of Arctic whales, the relationship between Arctic whales and sea ice is still largely a mystery, and there is increasing concern over how these species will adapt to climate related changes in sea ice.

Tuesday November 15, 2016, 02:05 PM

Collaborating on Climate

Humboldt State University

If co-teaching sounds like it could lead to some conflicts, you're not wrong--especially when it comes to a charged topic like climate change. It's part of the reason why it's rarely done in academia. But working through those disagreements, even in front of the class, is part of the point.

Thursday November 10, 2016, 10:05 AM

Climate Change Already Dramatically Disrupting All Elements of Nature

Wildlife Conservation Society

Global changes in temperature due to human-induced climate change have already impacted every aspect of life on Earth from genes to entire ecosystems, with increasingly unpredictable consequences for humans - according to a new study published in the journal Science.

Tuesday November 08, 2016, 03:05 PM

Brookhaven Lab's Robert McGraw Receives AS&T's Outstanding Publication Award from the American Association for Aerosol Research

Brookhaven National Laboratory

The award recognizes the novel method he developed nearly 20 years ago to mathematically characterize how the distribution of tiny atmospheric particles called aerosols evolves over time.

Tuesday November 08, 2016, 10:05 AM

University of Arkansas Leads Effort to Nurture Research Collaborations in Southeast Asia

University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The University of Arkansas is helping lead an effort to develop a bioscience network of scientists in the United States and Southeast Asia.

Monday November 07, 2016, 03:05 PM

How Land Use Change Affects Water Quality, Aquatic Life

South Dakota State University

Using 20 years of data from federal and state agencies, a fisheries biologist and Fulbright scholar are tracking how land use changes have impacted the water quality and aquatic life in lakes and streams in northeastern South Dakota. These environmental impacts can put pressure on aquatic ecosystems that, in the short term, can have a more dramatic effect than climate change.

Tuesday November 01, 2016, 05:05 PM

La Nina Pacific Cooling Event Strengthens

University of Alabama Huntsville

Global Temperature Report: October 2016

Monday October 31, 2016, 06:05 PM

Hurricanes From 3 Million Years Ago Give Us Clues About Present Storms

Texas A&M University

Studying hurricane and tropical storm development from three million years ago might give today's forecasters a good blueprint for 21st century storms, says a team of international researchers that includes a Texas A&M University atmospheric sciences professor.

Monday October 31, 2016, 04:05 PM

Cloudy Feedback on Global Warming

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have identified a mechanism that causes low clouds - and their influence on Earth's energy balance - to respond differently to global warming depending on their spatial pattern and location.

Friday October 28, 2016, 02:05 PM

Colorado River's Dead Clams Tell Tales of Carbon Emission

Scientists have begun to account for the topsy-turvy carbon cycle of the Colorado River delta - once a massive green estuary of grassland, marshes and cottonwood, now desiccated dead land.