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Tuesday April 25, 2017, 01:00 AM

No Biochar Benefit for Temperate Zone Crops, Says New Report

Northern Arizona University

Scientists believe that biochar, the partially burned remains of plants, has been used as fertilizer for at least 2,000 years in the Amazon Basin. Since initial studies published several years ago promoted biochar, farmers around the world have been using it as a soil additive to increase fertility and crop yields. But a new study casts doubt on biochar's efficacy, finding that using it only improves crop growth in the tropics, with no yield benefit at all in the temperate zone.

Monday April 24, 2017, 04:05 PM

Geologist Discovers Whirlwind Phenomena in Andes Mountains

West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

Monday April 24, 2017, 04:00 PM

Breaking Climate Change Research (Embargoed) Shows Global Warming Making Oceans More Toxic

Stony Brook University

Climate change is predicted to cause a series of maladies for world oceans including heating up, acidification, and the loss of oxygen. A newly published study published online in the April 24 edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences entitled, "Ocean warming since 1982 has expanded the niche of toxic algal blooms in the North Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans," demonstrates that one ocean consequence of climate change that has already occurred is the spread and intensification of toxic algae.

Monday April 24, 2017, 12:45 PM

NAU Research Suggests Climate Change Likely to Cause Significant Shift in Grand Canyon Vegetation

Decreases in river flows and frequency of flooding with future climate warming will likely shift vegetation along the Colorado River in Grand Canyon to species with more drought-tolerant traits.

Monday April 24, 2017, 09:00 AM

Research Sheds New Light on Forces That Threaten Sensitive Coastlines

Indiana University

Wind-driven expansion of marsh ponds on the Mississippi River Delta is a significant factor in the loss of crucial land in the Delta region, according to research by scientists at Indiana University and North Carolina State University. The study found that 17 percent of land loss in the area resulted from pond expansion.

Thursday April 20, 2017, 02:05 PM

Rising Water Temperatures Endanger Health of Coastal Ecosystems, Study Finds

University of Georgia

Increasing water temperatures are responsible for the accumulation of a chemical called nitrite in marine environments throughout the world, a symptom of broader changes in normal ocean biochemical pathways that could ultimately disrupt ocean food webs.

Wednesday April 19, 2017, 04:05 PM

Nation's Largest Clean Vehicle Awareness Event by WVU Joins World's Largest Earth Day Event in Dallas

West Virginia University

The National Odyssey Kickoff Event is set to take place during Earth Day Texas on April 20.

Wednesday April 19, 2017, 02:05 PM

Global Warming and Outdoor Allergies

Valley Health System

Global warming and climate change are in the headlines today. For allergy sufferers, the impact of warmer temperatures on their daily lives may soon become very apparent. If you think that your spring allergies have worsened, you may be right, and global warming may have contributed to this. With this year's winter being warmer than usual (temperatures this year were the second highest in history for the month of February), the pollen season is most likely going to be early. In the Garden State, the tree pollen count will surely be one of the highest in the nation.

Wednesday April 19, 2017, 12:05 PM

In New Paper, Scientists Explain Climate Change Using Before/After Photographic Evidence

University of Kansas

A group of scientists offers photographic proof of climate change using images of glaciers in a new paper appearing in GSA Today. Along with Gregory Baker of the University of Kansas, co-authors include an Emmy Award-winning documentarian and a prominent environmental author.

Tuesday April 18, 2017, 01:05 PM

Landmark Environmental Book Influences Scientists 55 Years After Its Release

Fifty-five years after the publishing of "Silent Spring," Kansas State University researchers are continuing their work in keeping the environment safe and the food supply secure.

Tuesday April 18, 2017, 12:00 PM

Study on Impact of Climate Change on Snowpack Loss in Western U.S.

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

An international team of scientists, including one from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, has found that up to 20 percent loss in the annual maximum amount of water contained in the Western United States' mountain snowpack in the last three decades is due to human influences.

Monday April 17, 2017, 12:05 PM

Migration From Sea-Level Rise Could Reshape Cities Inland

University of Georgia

In a paper published today in Nature Climate Change, researchers estimate that approximately 13.1 million people could be displaced by rising ocean waters, with Atlanta, Houston and Phoenix as top destinations for those forced to relocate.

Thursday April 13, 2017, 02:05 PM

Scientists Need Your Help in First-Ever Census of Weddell Seals

University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

Scientists are asking for the public's help to look through thousands of satellite images of Antarctica in the first-ever, comprehensive count of Weddell seals. Documenting the seals' population trends over time will help scientists better understand the effects of climate change and commercial fishing in the Antarctic.

Wednesday April 12, 2017, 10:05 AM

Researchers Find Mushrooms May Hold Clues to Effect of Carbon Dioxide on Lawns

University of New Hampshire

Since the Industrial Revolution, the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has rapidly increased. Researchers at the University of New Hampshire set out to determine how rising carbon dioxide concentrations and different climates may alter vegetation like forests, croplands, and 40 million acres of American lawns. They found that the clues may lie in an unexpected source, mushrooms.

Tuesday April 11, 2017, 06:05 PM

Researchers Develop Predictive Model Measuring Nitrous Oxide Emissions in Streams and Rivers

University of Notre Dame

The new model will be a valuable tool for scientists and water managers alike, as the framework allows for accurate prediction of N2O emissions under a variety of scenarios including water temperature, changes in land use and the influence of climate change on emission outcomes.

Friday April 07, 2017, 06:05 PM

Large, High-Intensity Forest Fires Will Increase

South Dakota State University

Wildfire experts predict that by 2041, there will be four large, high-intensity forest fires for every three that occur now, with the number of days when conditions are conducive to fires increasing.

Thursday April 06, 2017, 04:45 PM

Scientists Link Recent California Droughts and Floods to Distinctive Atmospheric Waves

National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

Upper atmosphere pattern may open window to long-term prediction

Thursday April 06, 2017, 03:05 PM

Microgrid Business Models Analyzed in UC San Diego Study

University of California San Diego

UC San Diego researchers published a systematic analysis of microgrids in Southern California to better understand business cases for private investment in microgrids. From the abstract: "Decentralization [of the electric power grid] could radically reduce customer energy costs, but without the right policy framework it could create large numbers of small decentralized sources of gas-based carbon emissions that will be difficult to control if policy makers want to achieve deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions."

Thursday April 06, 2017, 02:45 PM

Smithsonian Snapshot: The Adorable Face of Conservation Success

Smithsonian Institution

The ongoing recovery of the black-footed ferret is one of the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute's most successful conservation efforts.

Thursday April 06, 2017, 11:00 AM

For New Carbon Markets, Try Old Growth

University of Vermont

A fifteen-year study in Vermont shows that imitating old-growth forests enhances carbon storage in managed forestland far better than conventional forestry techniques.

Wednesday April 05, 2017, 03:00 PM

Arizona Ecologist Leads Effort to Quantify Economic Value of Biodiversity

Northern Arizona University

A collaboration of scientists, led by Northern Arizona University professor Bruce Hungate, has created a model to measure the dollars saved by having healthy and diverse ecosystems.

Wednesday April 05, 2017, 02:05 PM

Coming Together, Falling Apart, and Starting Over, Battery Style

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Scientists built a new device that shows what happens when electrode, electrolyte, and active materials meet in energy storage technologies.

Wednesday April 05, 2017, 11:05 AM

Seagrasses in World Heritage Site Not Recovered Years After Heat Wave

Mote Marine Laboratory

Massive seagrass beds in Western Australia's Shark Bay -- a UNESCO World Heritage Site -- haven't recovered much from the devastating heat wave of 2011, according to a new study demonstrating how certain vital ecosystems may change drastically in a warming climate.

Monday April 03, 2017, 06:05 PM

Global Climate Trend Since Nov. 16, 1978: +0.12 C Per Decade

University of Alabama Huntsville

Global Temperature Report: March 2017

Friday March 31, 2017, 05:10 PM

Smithsonian Snapshot: Preserving Coral Reefs

Smithsonian Institution

Threatened coral reefs have a protector in Smithsonian scientist Mary Hagedorn. Based in Oahu, Hawaii, Hagedorn has been a research scientist at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute for 20 years. Her innovative, interdisciplinary work uses basic science to address conservation challenges for threatened coral reefs.

Friday March 31, 2017, 06:00 AM

Some of Greenland's Coastal Ice Will Be Permanently Lost by 2100

Ohio State University

The glaciers and ice caps that dot the edges of the Greenland coast are not likely to recover from the melting they are experiencing now, a study has found.

Thursday March 30, 2017, 03:05 PM

WashU Expert: What's Next After Clean Power Plan Executive Order

Washington University in St. Louis

President Trump signed an executive order seeking to dismantle the Environmental Protection Agency's Clean Power Plan, which regulates carbon emissions from fossil-fuel burning power plants, primarily those that fire coal.As the EPA takes next steps to replace the plan, an engineer at Washington University in St. Louis who studies fossil fuel combustion says this week's move will make it difficult for power providers to plan ahead.

Thursday March 30, 2017, 10:00 AM

Is It a Boy or Is It a Girl?

Florida Atlantic University

Baby sea turtles don't have an X or Y chromosome, and their sex is defined during development by the incubation environment. A crucial step in the conservation of these animals is estimating hatchling sex ratios, which remains imprecise because of their anatomical makeup.

Wednesday March 29, 2017, 03:05 PM

Tackling Resilience: Finding Order in Chaos to Help Buffer Against Climate Change

University of Washington

A new paper by the University of Washington and NOAA's Northwest Fisheries Science Center aims to provide clarity among scientists, resource managers and planners on what ecological resilience means and how it can be achieved.

Wednesday March 29, 2017, 12:05 PM

'Weather Whiplash' Triggered by Changing Climate Will Degrade Midwest's Drinking Water, Researchers Say

University of Kansas

Researchers at the University of Kansas have published findings showing weather whiplash in the American Midwest's agricultural regions will drive the deterioration of water quality, forcing municipalities to seek costly remedies to provide safe drinking water to residents.

Tuesday March 28, 2017, 04:05 PM

WVU Expert Compares Effects of Climate Change to Eroding Infrastructure

West Virginia University

Tuesday March 28, 2017, 04:05 PM

Human Health Is Being Harmed by #climatechange: ATS Member Dr. Mary Rice.

American Thoracic Society (ATS)

Monday March 27, 2017, 04:05 PM

Zika Virus Protein Mapped to Speed Search for Cure

Indiana University

A study published today reports that a team led by Indiana University scientists has mapped a key protein that causes the Zika virus to reproduce and spread.

Thursday March 23, 2017, 04:05 PM

MSU's Vahedifard Examines 'Lessons From the Oroville Dam' in Science

Mississippi State University

A letter in Science magazine from a Mississippi State faculty member is examining lessons gleaned from the recent Oroville dam incident in California.

Thursday March 23, 2017, 10:00 AM

Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center Receives $360,000 NSF Grant for 'Research Experiences for Undergraduates' Program

Florida Atlantic University

FAU's SNMREC is focused on advancing science and technology to recover energy from the oceans' renewable resources with special emphasis on those resources available to the southeastern U.S., initially focusing on ocean currents and thermal resources.

Wednesday March 22, 2017, 12:20 PM

What's Cuing Salmon Migration Patterns?

Santa Fe Institute

Why do salmon travel in pulse-like groups? A new model challenges standard explanations by suggesting social cues trigger migration.

Wednesday March 22, 2017, 11:05 AM

Wet 'Dry Season' Damaged Valuable Ornamental Plants

University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Florida's winters are usually dry, but the wet winter of 2015-2016 helped spread pathogens that destroyed ornamental plants in Miami-Dade County. That's a problem in an area where the industry generated an estimated $998 million annually in sales in 2015, University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences researchers say.

Tuesday March 21, 2017, 12:45 PM

Coral Bleaching Ready for Crowdsourcing Solution

Wildlife Conservation Society

Savvy divers with just a pencil and an underwater slate can now participate in a WCS-led initiative to record coral bleaching observations around the world.

Monday March 20, 2017, 03:05 PM

WVU Expert Compares Effects of Climate Change to Eroding Infrastructure

West Virginia University

Monday March 20, 2017, 02:05 PM

NAU Study Finds Drought-Quenching Bacteria Protects Plants From Climate Stress

Northern Arizona University

The study, led by doctoral student Rachel Rubin, determined bacteria could play a significant role in increasing crop yields in the future, even in times of drought

Monday March 20, 2017, 05:00 AM

Expert Available to Discuss the National Security Challenges of Climate Change

Arizona State University (ASU)

Friday March 17, 2017, 10:05 AM

WashU Experts: Environmental Budget Cuts Could Be 'Grim'

Washington University in St. Louis

The public is getting its first look at the Trump administration budget proposal, which includes steep cuts to federal agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency -- with a 31-percent proposed reduction and its Office of Research and Development set to be slashed -- and the National Institutes of Health decreased by nearly 20 percent.

Thursday March 16, 2017, 04:05 PM

Science & Technology Policy Expert Can Discuss EPA Cuts

University of Michigan

Thursday March 16, 2017, 04:05 PM

EPA Budget: U-Michigan Climate Scientist Urges "Controlled Response"

University of Michigan

Thursday March 16, 2017, 04:05 PM

Fallout From EPA Budget Cuts: U-Michigan Policy Professor Can Discuss

University of Michigan

Thursday March 16, 2017, 01:05 PM

Is Spring Getting Longer? Research Points to a Lengthening "Vernal Window"

University of New Hampshire

With the first day of spring around the corner, temperatures are beginning to rise, ice is melting, and the world around us is starting to blossom. Scientists sometimes refer to this transition from winter to the growing season as the "vernal window," and a new study led by the University of New Hampshire shows this window may be opening earlier and possibly for longer.

Wednesday March 15, 2017, 06:05 PM

SNAPP Issues RFP for "Science-to-Solutions" Projects

The Science for Nature and People Partnership (SNAPP) has issued an open call for funding proposals to convene interdisciplinary teams tackling questions at the heart of sustainable economic development, human well-being, and natural resource conservation.

Wednesday March 15, 2017, 05:05 PM

UNH Research Finds Pattern of Mammal Dwarfing During Global Warming

University of New Hampshire

More than 50 million years ago, when the Earth experienced a series of extreme global warming events, early mammals responded by shrinking in size. While this mammalian dwarfism has previously been linked to the largest of these events, research led by the University of New Hampshire has found that this evolutionary process can happen in smaller, so-called hyperthermals, indicating an important pattern that could help shape an understanding of underlying effects of current human-caused climate change.

Wednesday March 15, 2017, 05:05 PM

China's Severe Winter Haze Tied to Effects of Global Climate Change

Georgia Institute of Technology

China's severe winter air pollution problems may be worsened by changes in atmospheric circulation prompted by Arctic sea ice loss and increased Eurasian snowfall - both caused by global climate change.

Monday March 13, 2017, 06:05 PM

Debunking EPA Administrator's False Claim About CO2 and Global Warming

Northwestern University

Monday March 13, 2017, 01:05 PM

ARM Data Is for the Birds

Scientists use LIDAR and radar data to study bird migration patterns, thanks to the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility.

Thursday March 09, 2017, 02:00 PM

Study: Soils Could Release Much More Carbon Than Expected as Climate Warms

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Soils could release much more CO2 than expected into the atmosphere as the climate warms, according to new research by Berkeley Lab scientists. Their findings are based on a field experiment that, for the first time, explored what happens to organic carbon trapped in soil when all soil layers are warmed, which in this case extend to a depth of 100 centimeters.

Wednesday March 08, 2017, 05:05 PM

The Future of Coastal Flooding

Better storm surge prediction capabilities could help reduce the impacts of extreme weather events, such as hurricanes.

Wednesday March 08, 2017, 05:05 PM

Estimating Global Energy Use for Water-Related Processes

Scientists find that water-related energy consumption is increasing across the globe, with pronounced differences across regions and sectors.

Tuesday March 07, 2017, 10:45 AM

Study Finds Knowledge Gaps on Protecting Cultural Sites From Climate Change

North Carolina State University

Many cultural sites vulnerable to climate-related changes such as rising sea levels, coastal erosion and flooding from stronger storms

Monday March 06, 2017, 01:05 PM

Climate Study Finds Human Fingerprint in Northern Hemisphere

New analysis uses detection and attribution methods to establish multiyear trends of vegetation growth in northern-extratropical latitudes.

Monday March 06, 2017, 10:05 AM

Underestimating Clouds

Feedbacks of clouds on climate change strongly influence the magnitude of global warming.

Friday March 03, 2017, 12:05 PM

Contiguous U.S. Has Warmest February in Past 39

University of Alabama Huntsville

Global Temperature Report: February 2017

Friday March 03, 2017, 11:05 AM

Study Links Climate Variation and Natural Selection

University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Global and local climate conditions predict variation in natural selection across diverse plant and animal populations

Thursday March 02, 2017, 02:05 PM

What Global Climate Change May Mean for Leaf Litter in Streams and Rivers

University of Utah

Carbon emissions to the atmosphere from streams and rivers are expected to increase as warmer water temperatures stimulate faster rates of organic matter breakdown. But a new study led by University of Utah researcher Jennifer J. Follstad Shah, in collaboration with a team of 15 scientists in the U.S. and Europe, suggests these decay rates may not increase as much as expected. In fact, the study indicates average breakdown rates may increase 5 percent to 21 percent with a 1 degree to 4-degree Celsius rise in water temperature -- half as much as the 10 percent to 45 percent increase predicted by metabolic theory.

Tuesday February 28, 2017, 02:05 PM

SNAPP Announces Four New Partnerships to Tackle Global Issues

The Science for Nature and People Partnership (SNAPP) announced the launch of four new multi-disciplinary teams aimed at tackling global issues including land use, soil carbon, conservation offsets, and human health and the environment.

Tuesday February 28, 2017, 12:05 PM

Road Salt Alternatives Alter Aquatic Ecosystems

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Organic additives found in road salt alternatives -- such as those used in the commercial products GeoMelt and Magic Salt -- act as a fertilizer to aquatic ecosystems, promoting the growth of algae and organisms that eat algae, according to new research published today in the Journal of Applied Ecology. Low levels of magnesium chloride -- an alternative type of salt found in the commercial product Clear Lane - boost populations of amphipods, tiny crustaceans that feed on algae and serve as an important food source for fish.

Tuesday February 28, 2017, 11:05 AM

New Report Says St. Barthelemy's Ecosystems Are Reaching Critical Thresholds

Wildlife Conservation Society

A new report says St-Barthelemy's environment may be rapidly degrading, with major impacts stemming from land-based pollution, urbanization, and overfishing.

Tuesday February 28, 2017, 08:05 AM

Miniature Organisms in the Sand Play Big Role in Our Oceans

Florida State University

In the Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Jeroen Ingels, a researcher at the FSU Coastal and Marine Laboratory, explains that small organisms called meiofauna that live in the sediment provide essential services to human life such as food production and nutrient cycling.

Tuesday February 28, 2017, 05:00 AM

Secrets of the Calcerous Ooze Revealed

Washington University in St. Louis

By growing phytoplankton called coccolithophores in the lab, scientists were able to understand the large biological overprint on the climate signal encoded by their remains, clearing the way for their use as climate proxies.

Monday February 27, 2017, 01:45 PM

Acidification of Arctic Ocean May Threaten Marine Life, Fishing Industry

University of Delaware

An international research team found a rapid rise in acidification in the western Arctic Ocean, a potential threat to shellfish, the marine ecosystem and the fishing industry. Since the 1990s, acidified waters have expanded north about 300 nautical miles from Alaska to just below the North Pole.

Wednesday February 22, 2017, 12:05 PM

How Do Polar Bears Respond to Climate Change, Subsistence Hunting?

University of Washington

A new, two-part project led by the UW's Kristin Laidre aims to explore the interacting effects of climate change and subsistence hunting on polar bears, while also illuminating the cultural value of the species to indigenous peoples and the role they play in conservation.

Tuesday February 21, 2017, 02:05 PM

Over Time, Nuisance Flooding Can Cost More Than Extreme, Infrequent Events

University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., Feb. 21, 2017 - Global climate change is being felt in many coastal communities of the United States, not always in the form of big weather disasters but as a steady drip, drip, drip of nuisance flooding.According to researchers at the University of California, Irvine, rising sea levels will cause these smaller events to become increasingly frequent in the future, and the cumulative effect will be comparable to extreme events such as Hurricane Katrina or Superstorm Sandy.

Monday February 20, 2017, 04:05 PM

Northwestern Student Government President Wins Luce Scholarship

Northwestern University

Northwestern University senior and Associated Student Government President Christina Cilento will spend the year after she graduates learning about impacts of climate change in Asia as a Luce Scholar. One of 18 future leaders to be named a 2017-18 Luce Scholar, Cilento will continue her education after she departs in June, from Northwestern -- where the 21-year-old native Pennsylvanian discovered her passion for environmental policy.

Friday February 17, 2017, 01:05 PM

Climate-Driven Permafrost Thaw

Geological Society of America (GSA)

In bitter cold regions like northwestern Canada, permafrost has preserved relict ground-ice and vast glacial sedimentary stores in a quasi-stable state. These landscapes therefore retain a high potential for climate-driven transformation.

Wednesday February 15, 2017, 01:05 PM

'The Blob' of Abnormal Conditions Boosted Western U.S. Ozone Levels

University of Washington

Abnormal conditions in the northeast Pacific Ocean, nicknamed "the blob," put ozone levels in June 2015 higher than normal over a large swath of the Western U.S.

Wednesday February 15, 2017, 05:00 AM

Researchers Catch Extreme Waves with Higher-Resolution Modeling

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A new Berkeley Lab study shows that high-resolution models captured hurricanes and big waves that low-resolution ones missed. Better extreme wave forecasts are important for coastal cities, the military, the shipping industry, and surfers.

Tuesday February 14, 2017, 07:00 PM

Canadian Glaciers Now Major Contributor to Sea Level Change, UCI Study Shows

Ice loss from Canada's Arctic glaciers has transformed them into a major contributor to sea level change, new research by University of California, Irvine glaciologists has found. From 2005 to 2015, surface melt off ice caps and glaciers of the Queen Elizabeth Islands grew by an astonishing 900 percent.

Monday February 13, 2017, 07:05 PM

Two PNNL Researchers Elected to Membership in the National Academy of Engineering

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Two scientists at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory will become members of the prestigious National Academy of Engineering.

Monday February 13, 2017, 01:05 PM

Sunlight or Bacteria? Scientists Investigate What Breaks Down Permafrost Carbon

Florida State University

Researchers found sunlight converted little if any permafrost thawed carbon to carbon dioxide, whereas microbes were shown to rapidly convert permafrost carbon to carbon dioxide.

Monday February 13, 2017, 01:05 PM

Climate Change Impacts on Threatened and Endangered Wildlife Massively Underreported

Wildlife Conservation Society

A team of scientists reporting in the journal Nature Climate Change say that negative impacts of climate change on threatened and endangered wildlife have been massively under reported.

Monday February 13, 2017, 10:05 AM

How Untreated Water Is Making Our Kids Sick: FSU Researcher Explores Possible Climate Change Link

Florida State University

A Florida State University researcher has drawn a link between the impact of climate change and untreated drinking water on the rate of gastrointestinal illness in children.

Thursday February 09, 2017, 04:05 PM

New Supercomputer Triples Earth System Science Capability with Greater Efficiency

National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) is launching operations this month of one of the world's most powerful and energy-efficient supercomputers, providing the nation with a major new tool to advance understanding of the atmospheric and related Earth system sciences.

Wednesday February 08, 2017, 02:05 PM

Hidden Lakes Drain Below West Antarctica's Thwaites Glacier

University of Washington

Drainage of four interconnected lakes below Thwaites Glacier in late 2013 caused only a 10 percent increase in the glacier's speed. The glacier's recent speedup is therefore not due to changes in meltwater flow along its underside.

Sunday February 05, 2017, 12:05 PM

How Much Drought Can a Forest Take?

University of California, Davis

Aerial tree mortality surveys show patterns of tree death during extreme drought.

Thursday February 02, 2017, 03:05 PM

Lab Specializes in Analyzing Brittle Portion of Polar Ice Cores

South Dakota State University

Tiny air bubbles compressed within a polar ice core make some sections brittle to the touch, but one ice core lab knows how to handle this delicate part of the chemical analysis, thus making the dating of the entire ice core possible.

Wednesday February 01, 2017, 02:05 PM

Tropics Cool in January; Globe Doesn't

University of Alabama Huntsville

Global Temperature Report: January 2017

Wednesday February 01, 2017, 11:05 AM

Coastal Wetlands Excel at Storing Carbon

University of Maryland, College Park

New analysis supports mangrove forests, tidal marshes and seagrass meadows as effective climate buffers.

Tuesday January 31, 2017, 12:05 PM

UNH Research Finds White Mountain National Forest Home to Nearly 140 Species of Bees

University of New Hampshire

The White Mountain National Forest is home to nearly 140 species of native bees, including two species of native bumble bees that are in decline in the Northeast, according to researchers with the University of New Hampshire who recently completed the first assessment of the state's native bee population in the national forest.

Monday January 30, 2017, 01:05 PM

Researcher Finds Limited Sign of Soil Adaptation to Climate Warming

University of New Hampshire

While scientists and policy experts debate the impacts of global warming, the Earth's soil is releasing roughly nine times more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere than all human activities combined. This huge carbon flux from soil, which is due to the natural respiration of soil microbes and plant roots, begs one of the central questions in climate change science. As the global climate warms, will soil respiration rates increase, adding even more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere and accelerating climate change?

Monday January 30, 2017, 11:05 AM

Iowa State Scientist Receives Grants to Improve Glacier-Flow Models, Sea-Level Predictions

Iowa State's Neal Iverson is working with an international team on two projects that aim to build more realistic computer models of glacier flow. The researchers hope to understand how glaciers will speed up and add to sea-level rise as the climate warms.

Monday January 30, 2017, 10:05 AM

Move Over Bear Grylls! Academics Build Ultimate Solar-Powered Water Purifier

University at Buffalo

You've seen Bear Grylls turn foul water into drinking water with little more than sunlight and plastic. Academics added a third element -- carbon-dipped paper -- to create a highly efficient and inexpensive way to turn saltwater and contaminated water into potable water for personal use. The system could help address global drinking water shortages, especially in developing areas and regions affected by natural disasters.

Friday January 27, 2017, 02:00 PM

Toxic Mercury in Aquatic Life Could Spike with Greater Land Runoff

Rutgers University

A highly toxic form of mercury could jump by 300 to 600 percent in zooplankton - tiny animals at the base of the marine food chain - if land runoff increases by 15 to 30 percent, according to a new study. And such an increase is possible due to climate change, according to the pioneering study by Rutgers University and other scientists published today in Science Advances.

Thursday January 26, 2017, 02:05 PM

A Look at the Epic Blizzard of '77, by the Numbers

Cornell University

Thursday January 26, 2017, 01:10 PM

Study: How Climate Change Threatens Mountaintops (and Clean Water)

University of Vermont

A first-of-its kind study, in the journal Nature, shows how mountain ecosystems around the globe may be threatened by climate change over the next decades. The scientists discovered that key nutrient cycles in mountain soils and plants may be disrupted--which, in turn, may threaten global drinking water supplies.

Monday January 23, 2017, 12:05 PM

Arctic Melt Ponds Form When Meltwater Clogs Ice Pores

University of Utah

A team including University of Utah mathematician Kenneth Golden has determined how Arctic melt ponds form, solving a paradoxical mystery of how a pool of water actually sits atop highly porous ice.

Thursday January 19, 2017, 11:05 AM

Caves in Central China Show History of Natural Flood Patterns

University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

Researchers at the University of Minnesota have found that major flooding and large amounts of precipitation occur on 500-year cycles in central China. These findings shed light on the forecasting of future floods and improve understanding of climate change over time and the potential mechanism of strong precipitation in monsoon regions.

Thursday January 19, 2017, 10:00 AM

Regional Sea-Level Scenarios Will Help Northeast Plan for Faster-Than-Global Rise

Rutgers University

Sea level in the Northeast and in some other U.S. regions will rise significantly faster than the global average, according to a report released by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Moreover, in a worst-case scenario, global sea level could rise by about 8 feet by 2100. Robert E. Kopp, an associate professor in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Rutgers University, coauthored the report, which lays out six scenarios intended to inform national and regional planning.

Wednesday January 18, 2017, 05:05 PM

Climate Change Prompts Alaska Fish to Change Breeding Behavior

University of Washington

A new University of Washington study finds that one of Alaska's most abundant freshwater fish species is altering its breeding patterns in response to climate change, which could impact the ecology of northern lakes that already acutely feel the effects of a changing climate.

Wednesday January 18, 2017, 08:05 AM

UF/IFAS Model Delivers Growers Severe Weather Data Specific to Their Farms

University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

"Growers kept asking us, 'What is the probability of getting an extreme weather event on my farm when my crop is ready to harvest,'" said Caroline Staub, a post-doctoral researcher in the UF/IFAS agricultural and biological engineering department.

Monday January 16, 2017, 11:00 AM

Tracking Antarctic Adaptations in Diatoms

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

An international team of researchers conducted a comparative genomic analysis to gain insights into the genome structure and evolution of the diatom Fragillariopsis cylindrus, as well as its role in the Southern Ocean.

Thursday January 12, 2017, 01:05 PM

Why Lyme Disease Is Common in the North, Rare in the South

US Geological Survey (USGS)

It's the heat and the humidity, USGS-led study finds