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Thursday March 23, 2017, 10:00 AM

Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center Receives $360,000 NSF Grant for 'Research Experiences for Undergraduates' Program

Florida Atlantic University

FAU's SNMREC is focused on advancing science and technology to recover energy from the oceans' renewable resources with special emphasis on those resources available to the southeastern U.S., initially focusing on ocean currents and thermal resources.

Wednesday March 22, 2017, 12:20 PM

What's Cuing Salmon Migration Patterns?

Santa Fe Institute

Why do salmon travel in pulse-like groups? A new model challenges standard explanations by suggesting social cues trigger migration.

Wednesday March 22, 2017, 11:05 AM

Wet 'Dry Season' Damaged Valuable Ornamental Plants

University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Florida's winters are usually dry, but the wet winter of 2015-2016 helped spread pathogens that destroyed ornamental plants in Miami-Dade County. That's a problem in an area where the industry generated an estimated $998 million annually in sales in 2015, University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences researchers say.

Tuesday March 21, 2017, 12:45 PM

Coral Bleaching Ready for Crowdsourcing Solution

Wildlife Conservation Society

Savvy divers with just a pencil and an underwater slate can now participate in a WCS-led initiative to record coral bleaching observations around the world.

Monday March 20, 2017, 03:05 PM

WVU Expert Compares Effects of Climate Change to Eroding Infrastructure

West Virginia University

Monday March 20, 2017, 02:05 PM

NAU Study Finds Drought-Quenching Bacteria Protects Plants From Climate Stress

Northern Arizona University

The study, led by doctoral student Rachel Rubin, determined bacteria could play a significant role in increasing crop yields in the future, even in times of drought

Monday March 20, 2017, 05:00 AM

Expert Available to Discuss the National Security Challenges of Climate Change

Arizona State University (ASU)

Friday March 17, 2017, 10:05 AM

WashU Experts: Environmental Budget Cuts Could Be 'Grim'

Washington University in St. Louis

The public is getting its first look at the Trump administration budget proposal, which includes steep cuts to federal agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency -- with a 31-percent proposed reduction and its Office of Research and Development set to be slashed -- and the National Institutes of Health decreased by nearly 20 percent.

Thursday March 16, 2017, 04:05 PM

Science & Technology Policy Expert Can Discuss EPA Cuts

University of Michigan

Thursday March 16, 2017, 04:05 PM

EPA Budget: U-Michigan Climate Scientist Urges "Controlled Response"

University of Michigan

Thursday March 16, 2017, 04:05 PM

Fallout From EPA Budget Cuts: U-Michigan Policy Professor Can Discuss

University of Michigan

Thursday March 16, 2017, 01:05 PM

Is Spring Getting Longer? Research Points to a Lengthening "Vernal Window"

University of New Hampshire

With the first day of spring around the corner, temperatures are beginning to rise, ice is melting, and the world around us is starting to blossom. Scientists sometimes refer to this transition from winter to the growing season as the "vernal window," and a new study led by the University of New Hampshire shows this window may be opening earlier and possibly for longer.

Wednesday March 15, 2017, 06:05 PM

SNAPP Issues RFP for "Science-to-Solutions" Projects

The Science for Nature and People Partnership (SNAPP) has issued an open call for funding proposals to convene interdisciplinary teams tackling questions at the heart of sustainable economic development, human well-being, and natural resource conservation.

Wednesday March 15, 2017, 05:05 PM

UNH Research Finds Pattern of Mammal Dwarfing During Global Warming

University of New Hampshire

More than 50 million years ago, when the Earth experienced a series of extreme global warming events, early mammals responded by shrinking in size. While this mammalian dwarfism has previously been linked to the largest of these events, research led by the University of New Hampshire has found that this evolutionary process can happen in smaller, so-called hyperthermals, indicating an important pattern that could help shape an understanding of underlying effects of current human-caused climate change.

Wednesday March 15, 2017, 05:05 PM

China's Severe Winter Haze Tied to Effects of Global Climate Change

Georgia Institute of Technology

China's severe winter air pollution problems may be worsened by changes in atmospheric circulation prompted by Arctic sea ice loss and increased Eurasian snowfall - both caused by global climate change.

Monday March 13, 2017, 06:05 PM

Debunking EPA Administrator's False Claim About CO2 and Global Warming

Northwestern University

Monday March 13, 2017, 01:05 PM

ARM Data Is for the Birds

Scientists use LIDAR and radar data to study bird migration patterns, thanks to the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility.

Thursday March 09, 2017, 02:00 PM

Study: Soils Could Release Much More Carbon Than Expected as Climate Warms

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Soils could release much more CO2 than expected into the atmosphere as the climate warms, according to new research by Berkeley Lab scientists. Their findings are based on a field experiment that, for the first time, explored what happens to organic carbon trapped in soil when all soil layers are warmed, which in this case extend to a depth of 100 centimeters.

Wednesday March 08, 2017, 05:05 PM

The Future of Coastal Flooding

Better storm surge prediction capabilities could help reduce the impacts of extreme weather events, such as hurricanes.

Wednesday March 08, 2017, 05:05 PM

Estimating Global Energy Use for Water-Related Processes

Scientists find that water-related energy consumption is increasing across the globe, with pronounced differences across regions and sectors.

Tuesday March 07, 2017, 10:45 AM

Study Finds Knowledge Gaps on Protecting Cultural Sites From Climate Change

North Carolina State University

Many cultural sites vulnerable to climate-related changes such as rising sea levels, coastal erosion and flooding from stronger storms

Monday March 06, 2017, 01:05 PM

Climate Study Finds Human Fingerprint in Northern Hemisphere

New analysis uses detection and attribution methods to establish multiyear trends of vegetation growth in northern-extratropical latitudes.

Monday March 06, 2017, 10:05 AM

Underestimating Clouds

Feedbacks of clouds on climate change strongly influence the magnitude of global warming.

Friday March 03, 2017, 12:05 PM

Contiguous U.S. Has Warmest February in Past 39

University of Alabama Huntsville

Global Temperature Report: February 2017

Friday March 03, 2017, 11:05 AM

Study Links Climate Variation and Natural Selection

University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Global and local climate conditions predict variation in natural selection across diverse plant and animal populations

Thursday March 02, 2017, 02:05 PM

What Global Climate Change May Mean for Leaf Litter in Streams and Rivers

University of Utah

Carbon emissions to the atmosphere from streams and rivers are expected to increase as warmer water temperatures stimulate faster rates of organic matter breakdown. But a new study led by University of Utah researcher Jennifer J. Follstad Shah, in collaboration with a team of 15 scientists in the U.S. and Europe, suggests these decay rates may not increase as much as expected. In fact, the study indicates average breakdown rates may increase 5 percent to 21 percent with a 1 degree to 4-degree Celsius rise in water temperature -- half as much as the 10 percent to 45 percent increase predicted by metabolic theory.

Tuesday February 28, 2017, 02:05 PM

SNAPP Announces Four New Partnerships to Tackle Global Issues

The Science for Nature and People Partnership (SNAPP) announced the launch of four new multi-disciplinary teams aimed at tackling global issues including land use, soil carbon, conservation offsets, and human health and the environment.

Tuesday February 28, 2017, 12:05 PM

Road Salt Alternatives Alter Aquatic Ecosystems

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Organic additives found in road salt alternatives -- such as those used in the commercial products GeoMelt and Magic Salt -- act as a fertilizer to aquatic ecosystems, promoting the growth of algae and organisms that eat algae, according to new research published today in the Journal of Applied Ecology. Low levels of magnesium chloride -- an alternative type of salt found in the commercial product Clear Lane - boost populations of amphipods, tiny crustaceans that feed on algae and serve as an important food source for fish.

Tuesday February 28, 2017, 11:05 AM

New Report Says St. Barthelemy's Ecosystems Are Reaching Critical Thresholds

Wildlife Conservation Society

A new report says St-Barthelemy's environment may be rapidly degrading, with major impacts stemming from land-based pollution, urbanization, and overfishing.

Tuesday February 28, 2017, 08:05 AM

Miniature Organisms in the Sand Play Big Role in Our Oceans

Florida State University

In the Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Jeroen Ingels, a researcher at the FSU Coastal and Marine Laboratory, explains that small organisms called meiofauna that live in the sediment provide essential services to human life such as food production and nutrient cycling.

Tuesday February 28, 2017, 05:00 AM

Secrets of the Calcerous Ooze Revealed

Washington University in St. Louis

By growing phytoplankton called coccolithophores in the lab, scientists were able to understand the large biological overprint on the climate signal encoded by their remains, clearing the way for their use as climate proxies.

Monday February 27, 2017, 01:45 PM

Acidification of Arctic Ocean May Threaten Marine Life, Fishing Industry

University of Delaware

An international research team found a rapid rise in acidification in the western Arctic Ocean, a potential threat to shellfish, the marine ecosystem and the fishing industry. Since the 1990s, acidified waters have expanded north about 300 nautical miles from Alaska to just below the North Pole.

Wednesday February 22, 2017, 12:05 PM

How Do Polar Bears Respond to Climate Change, Subsistence Hunting?

University of Washington

A new, two-part project led by the UW's Kristin Laidre aims to explore the interacting effects of climate change and subsistence hunting on polar bears, while also illuminating the cultural value of the species to indigenous peoples and the role they play in conservation.

Tuesday February 21, 2017, 02:05 PM

Over Time, Nuisance Flooding Can Cost More Than Extreme, Infrequent Events

University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., Feb. 21, 2017 - Global climate change is being felt in many coastal communities of the United States, not always in the form of big weather disasters but as a steady drip, drip, drip of nuisance flooding.According to researchers at the University of California, Irvine, rising sea levels will cause these smaller events to become increasingly frequent in the future, and the cumulative effect will be comparable to extreme events such as Hurricane Katrina or Superstorm Sandy.

Monday February 20, 2017, 04:05 PM

Northwestern Student Government President Wins Luce Scholarship

Northwestern University

Northwestern University senior and Associated Student Government President Christina Cilento will spend the year after she graduates learning about impacts of climate change in Asia as a Luce Scholar. One of 18 future leaders to be named a 2017-18 Luce Scholar, Cilento will continue her education after she departs in June, from Northwestern -- where the 21-year-old native Pennsylvanian discovered her passion for environmental policy.

Friday February 17, 2017, 01:05 PM

Climate-Driven Permafrost Thaw

Geological Society of America (GSA)

In bitter cold regions like northwestern Canada, permafrost has preserved relict ground-ice and vast glacial sedimentary stores in a quasi-stable state. These landscapes therefore retain a high potential for climate-driven transformation.

Wednesday February 15, 2017, 01:05 PM

'The Blob' of Abnormal Conditions Boosted Western U.S. Ozone Levels

University of Washington

Abnormal conditions in the northeast Pacific Ocean, nicknamed "the blob," put ozone levels in June 2015 higher than normal over a large swath of the Western U.S.

Wednesday February 15, 2017, 05:00 AM

Researchers Catch Extreme Waves with Higher-Resolution Modeling

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A new Berkeley Lab study shows that high-resolution models captured hurricanes and big waves that low-resolution ones missed. Better extreme wave forecasts are important for coastal cities, the military, the shipping industry, and surfers.

Tuesday February 14, 2017, 07:00 PM

Canadian Glaciers Now Major Contributor to Sea Level Change, UCI Study Shows

Ice loss from Canada's Arctic glaciers has transformed them into a major contributor to sea level change, new research by University of California, Irvine glaciologists has found. From 2005 to 2015, surface melt off ice caps and glaciers of the Queen Elizabeth Islands grew by an astonishing 900 percent.

Monday February 13, 2017, 07:05 PM

Two PNNL Researchers Elected to Membership in the National Academy of Engineering

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Two scientists at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory will become members of the prestigious National Academy of Engineering.

Monday February 13, 2017, 01:05 PM

Sunlight or Bacteria? Scientists Investigate What Breaks Down Permafrost Carbon

Florida State University

Researchers found sunlight converted little if any permafrost thawed carbon to carbon dioxide, whereas microbes were shown to rapidly convert permafrost carbon to carbon dioxide.

Monday February 13, 2017, 01:05 PM

Climate Change Impacts on Threatened and Endangered Wildlife Massively Underreported

Wildlife Conservation Society

A team of scientists reporting in the journal Nature Climate Change say that negative impacts of climate change on threatened and endangered wildlife have been massively under reported.

Monday February 13, 2017, 10:05 AM

How Untreated Water Is Making Our Kids Sick: FSU Researcher Explores Possible Climate Change Link

Florida State University

A Florida State University researcher has drawn a link between the impact of climate change and untreated drinking water on the rate of gastrointestinal illness in children.

Thursday February 09, 2017, 04:05 PM

New Supercomputer Triples Earth System Science Capability with Greater Efficiency

National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) is launching operations this month of one of the world's most powerful and energy-efficient supercomputers, providing the nation with a major new tool to advance understanding of the atmospheric and related Earth system sciences.

Wednesday February 08, 2017, 02:05 PM

Hidden Lakes Drain Below West Antarctica's Thwaites Glacier

University of Washington

Drainage of four interconnected lakes below Thwaites Glacier in late 2013 caused only a 10 percent increase in the glacier's speed. The glacier's recent speedup is therefore not due to changes in meltwater flow along its underside.

Sunday February 05, 2017, 12:05 PM

How Much Drought Can a Forest Take?

University of California, Davis

Aerial tree mortality surveys show patterns of tree death during extreme drought.

Thursday February 02, 2017, 03:05 PM

Lab Specializes in Analyzing Brittle Portion of Polar Ice Cores

South Dakota State University

Tiny air bubbles compressed within a polar ice core make some sections brittle to the touch, but one ice core lab knows how to handle this delicate part of the chemical analysis, thus making the dating of the entire ice core possible.

Wednesday February 01, 2017, 02:05 PM

Tropics Cool in January; Globe Doesn't

University of Alabama Huntsville

Global Temperature Report: January 2017

Wednesday February 01, 2017, 11:05 AM

Coastal Wetlands Excel at Storing Carbon

University of Maryland, College Park

New analysis supports mangrove forests, tidal marshes and seagrass meadows as effective climate buffers.

Tuesday January 31, 2017, 12:05 PM

UNH Research Finds White Mountain National Forest Home to Nearly 140 Species of Bees

University of New Hampshire

The White Mountain National Forest is home to nearly 140 species of native bees, including two species of native bumble bees that are in decline in the Northeast, according to researchers with the University of New Hampshire who recently completed the first assessment of the state's native bee population in the national forest.

Monday January 30, 2017, 01:05 PM

Researcher Finds Limited Sign of Soil Adaptation to Climate Warming

University of New Hampshire

While scientists and policy experts debate the impacts of global warming, the Earth's soil is releasing roughly nine times more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere than all human activities combined. This huge carbon flux from soil, which is due to the natural respiration of soil microbes and plant roots, begs one of the central questions in climate change science. As the global climate warms, will soil respiration rates increase, adding even more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere and accelerating climate change?

Monday January 30, 2017, 11:05 AM

Iowa State Scientist Receives Grants to Improve Glacier-Flow Models, Sea-Level Predictions

Iowa State's Neal Iverson is working with an international team on two projects that aim to build more realistic computer models of glacier flow. The researchers hope to understand how glaciers will speed up and add to sea-level rise as the climate warms.

Monday January 30, 2017, 10:05 AM

Move Over Bear Grylls! Academics Build Ultimate Solar-Powered Water Purifier

University at Buffalo

You've seen Bear Grylls turn foul water into drinking water with little more than sunlight and plastic. Academics added a third element -- carbon-dipped paper -- to create a highly efficient and inexpensive way to turn saltwater and contaminated water into potable water for personal use. The system could help address global drinking water shortages, especially in developing areas and regions affected by natural disasters.

Friday January 27, 2017, 02:00 PM

Toxic Mercury in Aquatic Life Could Spike with Greater Land Runoff

Rutgers University

A highly toxic form of mercury could jump by 300 to 600 percent in zooplankton - tiny animals at the base of the marine food chain - if land runoff increases by 15 to 30 percent, according to a new study. And such an increase is possible due to climate change, according to the pioneering study by Rutgers University and other scientists published today in Science Advances.

Thursday January 26, 2017, 02:05 PM

A Look at the Epic Blizzard of '77, by the Numbers

Cornell University

Thursday January 26, 2017, 01:10 PM

Study: How Climate Change Threatens Mountaintops (and Clean Water)

University of Vermont

A first-of-its kind study, in the journal Nature, shows how mountain ecosystems around the globe may be threatened by climate change over the next decades. The scientists discovered that key nutrient cycles in mountain soils and plants may be disrupted--which, in turn, may threaten global drinking water supplies.

Monday January 23, 2017, 12:05 PM

Arctic Melt Ponds Form When Meltwater Clogs Ice Pores

University of Utah

A team including University of Utah mathematician Kenneth Golden has determined how Arctic melt ponds form, solving a paradoxical mystery of how a pool of water actually sits atop highly porous ice.

Thursday January 19, 2017, 11:05 AM

Caves in Central China Show History of Natural Flood Patterns

University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

Researchers at the University of Minnesota have found that major flooding and large amounts of precipitation occur on 500-year cycles in central China. These findings shed light on the forecasting of future floods and improve understanding of climate change over time and the potential mechanism of strong precipitation in monsoon regions.

Thursday January 19, 2017, 10:00 AM

Regional Sea-Level Scenarios Will Help Northeast Plan for Faster-Than-Global Rise

Rutgers University

Sea level in the Northeast and in some other U.S. regions will rise significantly faster than the global average, according to a report released by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Moreover, in a worst-case scenario, global sea level could rise by about 8 feet by 2100. Robert E. Kopp, an associate professor in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Rutgers University, coauthored the report, which lays out six scenarios intended to inform national and regional planning.

Wednesday January 18, 2017, 05:05 PM

Climate Change Prompts Alaska Fish to Change Breeding Behavior

University of Washington

A new University of Washington study finds that one of Alaska's most abundant freshwater fish species is altering its breeding patterns in response to climate change, which could impact the ecology of northern lakes that already acutely feel the effects of a changing climate.

Wednesday January 18, 2017, 08:05 AM

UF/IFAS Model Delivers Growers Severe Weather Data Specific to Their Farms

University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

"Growers kept asking us, 'What is the probability of getting an extreme weather event on my farm when my crop is ready to harvest,'" said Caroline Staub, a post-doctoral researcher in the UF/IFAS agricultural and biological engineering department.

Monday January 16, 2017, 11:00 AM

Tracking Antarctic Adaptations in Diatoms

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

An international team of researchers conducted a comparative genomic analysis to gain insights into the genome structure and evolution of the diatom Fragillariopsis cylindrus, as well as its role in the Southern Ocean.

Thursday January 12, 2017, 01:05 PM

Why Lyme Disease Is Common in the North, Rare in the South

US Geological Survey (USGS)

It's the heat and the humidity, USGS-led study finds

Thursday January 12, 2017, 10:05 AM

'Shrew'-D Advice: Study of Arctic Shrews, Parasites Indicates How Climate Change May Affect Ecosystems and Communities

MANHATTAN, KANSAS -- The shrew and its parasites -- even 40-year-old preserved ones -- are the new indicators of environmental change, according to a Kansas State University researcher. Andrew Hope, Kansas State University research assistant professor in the Division of Biology, and his colleagues across the U.S. have published "Shrews and Their Parasites: Small Species Indicate Big Changes" in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's 2016 Arctic Report Card.

Thursday January 12, 2017, 10:05 AM

Celebrating Climate Data's Wild Blue Yonder

Department of Energy, Office of Science

ARM Facility Marks the First Official Decade of its High-Flying Aerial Organization.

Wednesday January 11, 2017, 01:00 PM

Tallying the Social Cost of Climate-Changing Carbon Dioxide

Rutgers University

A National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine committee today released a report aimed at ensuring that estimates of the social cost of carbon dioxide used by the U.S. government keep reflecting state-of-the-art science and evidence. Rutgers Today asked committee member Robert E. Kopp, an associate professor in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Rutgers, to discuss the topic.

Wednesday January 11, 2017, 12:05 PM

Changing Climate Changes Soils

American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

In a new study, researchers used digital techniques to predict how one vital soil characteristic, soil organic carbon, may be altered by climate change.

Tuesday January 10, 2017, 01:05 PM

Rapid Arctic Warming Has in the Past Shifted Southern Ocean Winds

University of Washington

Ice core records from the two poles show that during the last ice age, sharp spikes in Arctic temperatures triggered shifts in the winds around Antarctica.

Monday January 09, 2017, 11:05 AM

Crystallization Method Offers New Option for Carbon Capture From Ambient Air

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have found a simple, reliable process to capture carbon dioxide directly from ambient air, offering a new option for carbon capture and storage strategies to combat global warming.

Friday January 06, 2017, 04:05 PM

Large-Scale Tornado Outbreaks Increasing in Frequency, Study Finds

University of Chicago

The frequency of large-scale tornado outbreaks is increasing in the United States, particularly when it comes to the most extreme events, according to research recently published in Science.

Thursday January 05, 2017, 10:05 AM

Radar Reveals Meltwater's Year-Round Life Under Greenland Ice

Earth Institute at Columbia University

Exploring where liquid goes, even in winter

Thursday January 05, 2017, 09:00 AM

New Research Shows That Turning Up the Thermostat Could Help Tropical Climates Cool Down

UC Berkeley, College of Environmental Design

New research done in Singapore shows that slightly raising indoor temperatures and equipping office workers with smart fans saves significantly on overall office building energy costs while maintaining employee comfort.

Wednesday January 04, 2017, 02:05 PM

Increasing Rainfall in a Warmer World Will Likely Intensify Typhoons in Western Pacific

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

An analysis of the strongest tropical storms over the last half-century reveals that higher global temperatures have intensified the storms via enhanced rainfall. Rain that falls on the ocean reduces salinity and allows typhoons to grow stronger.

Wednesday January 04, 2017, 01:00 PM

More Frequent Hurricanes Not Necessarily Stronger on Atlantic Coast

University of Wisconsin-Madison

Active Atlantic hurricane periods, like the one we are in now, are not necessarily a harbinger of more, rapidly intensifying hurricanes along the U.S. coast, according to new research performed at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Wednesday January 04, 2017, 10:05 AM

2016 Edges 1998 as Warmest Year on Record

University of Alabama Huntsville

Global Temperature Report: December 2016

Friday December 30, 2016, 08:05 AM

Biologist's Ant Research Provides Long-Term Look at Effects of Climate Change

Bowling Green State University

Many scientists have attempted to tackle how climate change will affect the natural world by determining the thermal tolerance of various species, then predicting what will happen to them as our world warms. However, this approach as a way to understand nature has its drawbacks because one species never acts alone, so comprehending how global change impacts these interactions is crucial to a holistic understanding.

Thursday December 29, 2016, 10:05 AM

Flood Threats Changing Across US

University of Iowa

A University of Iowa study finds the threat of flooding is growing in the northern half of the United States and declining in the South. The findings are based on water-height measurements at 2,042 stream and rivers, compared to NASA data showing the amount of water stored in the ground.

Thursday December 22, 2016, 03:05 PM

Researchers Capture Video of False Killer Whale's Encounter with Longline

A team of researchers and fishermen used video and audio recordings to observe false killer whales removing fish from a longline fishing hook, a behavior known as depredation.

Thursday December 22, 2016, 02:05 PM

UCI Scientists Identify a New Approach to Recycle Greenhouse Gas

Using a novel approach involving a key enzyme that helps regulate global nitrogen, University of California, Irvine molecular biologists have discovered an effective way to convert carbon dioxide (CO2) to carbon monoxide (CO) that can be adapted for commercial applications like biofuel synthesis.

Thursday December 22, 2016, 09:05 AM

For Critical Marine Low Clouds, a Research and Observation Plan

Department of Energy, Office of Science

Marine low clouds hover in the lowest couple of kilometers above the world's oceans. They produce little but drizzle, and could never match their deeper mid-continent cousin clouds for dramatic weather and severe storms. But marine low clouds are vastly important to the world's climate and energy balance.

Tuesday December 20, 2016, 01:05 PM

Study to Assess Climate Resiliency of More Than 250 US Cities

University of Notre Dame

The University of Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative has announced it will assess the climate vulnerability and readiness of every U.S. city with a population over 100,000.

Tuesday December 20, 2016, 09:00 AM

Scientists Bear Witness to Birth of an Ice Cloud

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Scientists have witnessed the birth of atmospheric ice clouds, creating ice cloud crystals in the laboratory and then taking images of the process through a microscope, essentially documenting the very first steps of cloud formation.

Monday December 19, 2016, 12:00 PM

The Case of the Missing Diamonds

Washington University in St. Louis

A Washington University physicist practiced at finding tiny diamonds in stardust from the pre-solar universe has repeatedly failed to find them in Younger Dryas sedimentary layers, effectively discrediting the hypothesis that an exploding comet caused the sudden climate reversal at the end of the last Ice Age.

Monday December 19, 2016, 11:00 AM

New Leaf Study Sheds Light on 'Shady' Past

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A new study led by a Berkeley Lab research scientist highlights a literally shady practice in plant science that has in some cases underestimated plants' rate of growth and photosynthesis, among other traits.

Thursday December 15, 2016, 02:05 PM

Supercomputer Simulations Confirm Observations of 2015 India/Pakistan Heat Waves

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A paper released December 15 during the American Geophysical Union fall meeting points to new evidence of human influence on extreme weather events. After examining observational and simulated temperature and heat indexes, the research team--which included three scientists from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory--concluded that two separate deadly heat waves that occurred in India and Pakistan in the summer of 2015 "were exacerbated by anthropogenic climate change."

Thursday December 15, 2016, 11:00 AM

Study: Warming Could Slow Upslope Migration of Trees

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Scientists expect trees will advance upslope as global temperatures increase, shifting the tree line--the mountain zone where trees become smaller and eventually stop growing--to higher elevations. Subalpine forests will follow their climate up the mountain, in other words. But new research published Dec. 15 in the journal Global Change Biology suggests this may not hold true for two subalpine tree species of western North America.

Thursday December 15, 2016, 10:05 AM

Data Storage Upgrades Future-Proof ARM Field Sites--For Now

Department of Energy, Office of Science

Throughout 2016, Cory Stuart, ARM's Site Data System (SDS) and Cyber Security Manager, and his team at Argonne National Laboratory have been methodically visiting all ARM sites to upgrade the data systems, especially storage capacity.

Tuesday December 13, 2016, 03:05 PM

Turfgrass Research Focuses on Irrigation Efficiency, Drought Tolerance

New Mexico State University (NMSU)

Subsurface drip irrigation is the newest method in turfgrass efficiency. Two projects will test these research findings: A subsurface drip irrigation system in several tee boxes at a golf course, and a city park, where a subsurface drip irrigation system has been installed on half of the park.

Tuesday December 13, 2016, 10:05 AM

Capturing Clouds for LASSO Leads to New Radar Techniques

Department of Energy, Office of Science

The ARM Climate Research Facility has some of the best instruments in the world for measuring atmospheric properties, but achieving the highest-quality results requires knowing the optimal way to use them. In a recent paper, a research team used ARM data to optimize radar measurements and accompanying models.

Tuesday December 13, 2016, 05:00 AM

Study: Warming Global Temperatures May Not Affect Carbon Stored Deep in Northern Peatlands

Florida State University

Deep stores of carbon in northern peatlands may be safe from rising temperatures, according to a team of researchers from several U.S.-based institutions. s

Monday December 12, 2016, 10:05 AM

From a Convective Clouds Campaign, a BAMS Cover and Scads of Rich Data

Department of Energy, Office of Science

Sometimes the math in climate science is pretty easy: MC3E, plus 24 authors, equals one gorgeous cover story for the September issue of the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS).

Friday December 09, 2016, 10:05 AM

How the Fed Joined the Fight Against Climate Change: Financial Expert Comments

Saint Joseph's University

Friday December 09, 2016, 04:00 AM

Researchers: Climate Change Likely Caused Deadly 2016 Avalanche in Tibet

Ohio State University

On July 17, more than 70 million tons of ice broke off from the Aru glacier in the mountains of western Tibet and tumbled into a valley below, taking the lives of nine nomadic yak herders living there. Researchers conducted a kind of forensic analysis of the disaster, and the cause was likely climate change.

Thursday December 08, 2016, 02:00 PM

Climate Change Is Already Causing Widespread Local Extinction in Plant and Animal Species

PLOS

Extinctions related to climate change have already happened in hundreds of plant and animal species around the world. New research, publishing on December 8th in the open-access journal PLOS Biology, shows that local extinctions have already occurred in 47% of the 976 plant and animal species studied.

Wednesday December 07, 2016, 03:05 PM

Scientists Improve Predictions of How Temperature Affects the Survival of Fish Embryos

Scientists closely tracking the survival of endangered Sacramento River salmon faced a puzzle: the same high temperatures that salmon eggs survived in the laboratory appeared to kill many of the eggs in the river

Wednesday December 07, 2016, 01:05 PM

New Studies Take a Second Look at Coral Bleaching Culprit

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Scientists have called superoxide out as the main culprit behind coral bleaching: The idea is that as this toxin build up inside coral cells, the corals fight back by ejecting the tiny energy- and color-producing algae living inside them. In doing so, they lose their vibrancy, turn a sickly white, and are left weak, damaged, and vulnerable to disease.

Wednesday December 07, 2016, 01:05 PM

East Greenland Ice Sheet Has Responded to Climate Change Over the Last 7.5 Million Years

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Using marine sediment cores containing isotopes of aluminum and beryllium, a group of international researchers has discovered that East Greenland experienced deep, ongoing glacial erosion over the past 7.5 million years. The research reconstructs ice sheet erosion dynamics in that region during the past 7.5 million years and has potential implications for how much the ice sheet will respond to future interglacial warming.

Wednesday December 07, 2016, 01:00 PM

Greenland on Thin Ice?

University of Vermont

New research opens up the deep history of the Greenland Ice Sheet, looking back millions of years farther than previous techniques allowed--and raises urgent questions about if the giant ice sheet might dramatically accelerate its melt-off in the near future.