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Machine Learning Dramatically Streamlines Search for More Efficient Chemical Reactions

A catalytic reaction may follow thousands of possible paths, and it can take years to identify which one it actually takes so scientists can tweak it and make it more efficient. Now researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have taken a big step toward cutting through this thicket of possibilities.

Freezing Lithium Batteries May Make Them Safer and Bendable

Columbia Engineering Professor Yuan Yang has developed a new method that could lead to lithium batteries that are safer, have longer battery life, and are bendable, providing new possibilities such as flexible smartphones. His new technique uses ice-templating to control the structure of the solid electrolyte for lithium batteries that are used in portable electronics, electric vehicles, and grid-level energy storage. The study is published online April 24 in Nano Letters.

New Study Reveals the Mystery Behind the Formation of Hollowed Nanoparticles During Metal Oxidation

In a newly published <i>Science</i> paper, Argonne and Temple University researchers reveal new knowledge about the behavior of metal nanoparticles when they undergo oxidation, by integrating X-ray imaging and computer modeling and simulation. This knowledge adds to our understanding of fundamental processes like oxidation and corrosion.

Rare Supernova Discovery Ushers in New Era for Cosmology

With help from a supernova-hunting pipeline based at NERSC, astronomers captured multiple images of a gravitationally lensed Type 1a supernova. This is currently the only one, but if astronomers can find more they may be able to measure Universal expansion within four percent accuracy. Luckily, Berkeley Lab researchers do have a method for finding more.

Making Batteries From Waste Glass Bottles

Researchers at the University of California, Riverside's Bourns College of Engineering have used waste glass bottles and a low-cost chemical process to create nanosilicon anodes for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. The batteries will extend the range of electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and provide more power with fewer charges to personal electronics like cell phones and laptops.

Changing the Game

High performance computing researcher Shuaiwen Leon Song asked if hardware called 3D stacked memory could do something it was never designed to do--help render 3D graphics.

A Scientific Advance for Cool Clothing: Temperature-Wise, That Is

Stanford University researchers, with the aid of the Comet supercomputer at the San Diego Supercomputer at UC San Diego, have engineered a low-cost plastic material that could become the basis for clothing that cools the wearer, reducing the need for energy-consuming air conditioning.

Adjusting Solar Panel Angles a Few Times a Year Makes Them More Efficient

With Earth Day approaching, new research from Binghamton University-State of New York could help U.S. residents save more energy, regardless of location, if they adjust the angles of solar panels four to five times a year.

A Real CAM-Do Attitude

A multi-institutional team used resources at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility to catalog how desert plants photosynthetic processes vary. The study could help scientists engineer drought-resistant crops for food and fuel.

Predictive Power

The Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors carried out the largest time-dependent simulation of a nuclear reactor ever to support Tennessee Valley Authority and Westinghouse Electric Company during the startup of Watts Bar Unit 2, the first new US nuclear reactor in 20 years. The simulation was carried out primarily on OLCF resources.


3 Small Energy Firms to Collaborate with PNNL

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is collaborating with three small businesses to address technical challenges concerning hydrogen for fuel cell cars, bio-coal and nanomaterial manufacturing.

ORNL to Collaborate with Five Small Businesses to Advance Energy Tech

Five small companies have been selected to partner with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory to move technologies in commercial refrigeration systems, water power generation, bioenergy and battery manufacturing closer to the marketplace.

U.S. Department of Energy's INCITE Program Seeks Advanced Computational Research Proposals for 2018

The Department of Energy's INCITE program will be accepting proposals for high-impact, computationally intensive research campaigns in a broad array of science, engineering, and computer science domains.

New Berkeley Lab Project Turns Waste Heat to Electricity

A new Berkeley Lab project seeks to efficiently capture waste heat and convert it to electricity, potentially saving California up to $385 million per year. With a $2-million grant from the California Energy Commission, Berkeley Lab scientists will work with Alphabet Energy to create a cost-effective thermoelectric waste heat recovery system.

New SLAC Theory Institute Aims to Speed Research on Exotic Materials at Light Sources

A new institute at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is using the power of theory to search for new types of materials that could revolutionize society - by making it possible, for instance, to transmit electricity over power lines with no loss.

Lenvio Inc. Exclusively Licenses ORNL Malware Behavior Detection Technology

Virginia-based Lenvio Inc. has exclusively licensed a cyber security technology from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory that can quickly detect malicious behavior in software not previously identified as a threat.

Argonne Scientist and Nobel Laureate Alexei Abrikosov Dies at 88

Alexei Abrikosov, an acclaimed physicist at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory who received the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on superconducting materials, died Wednesday, March 29. He was 88.

Jefferson Lab Accomplishes Critical Milestones Toward Completion of 12 GeV Upgrade

The Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at the U.S. Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility has achieved two major commissioning milestones and is now entering the final stretch of work to conclude its first major upgrade. Recently, the CEBAF accelerator delivered electron beams into two of its experimental halls, Halls B and C, at energies not possible before the upgrade for commissioning of the experimental equipment currently in each hall. Data were recorded in each hall, which were then confirmed to be of sufficient quality to allow for particle identification, a primary indicator of good detector operation.

Valerie Taylor Named Argonne National Laboratory's Mathematics and Computer Science Division Director

Computer scientist Valerie Taylor has been appointed as the next director of the Mathematics and Computer Science division at Argonne, effective July 3, 2017.

Three SLAC Employees Awarded Lab's Highest Honor

At a March 7 ceremony, three employees of the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory were awarded the lab's highest honor ­- the SLAC Director's Award.


The Roadmap to Quark Soup

Scientists discover new signposts in the quest to determine how matter from the early universe turned into the world we know today.

Neutrons Play the Lead to Protons in Dance Around "Double-Magic" Nucleus

Electric and magnetic properties of a radioactive atom provide unique insight into the nature of proton and neutron motion.

Ultrafast Imaging Reveals the Electron's New Clothes

Scientists use high-speed electrons to visualize "dress-like" distortions in the atomic lattice. This work reveals the vital role of electron-lattice interactions in manganites. This material could be used in data-storage devices with increased data density and reduced power requirements.

One Small Change Makes Solar Cells More Efficient

For years, scientists have explored using tiny drops of designer materials, called quantum dots, to make better solar cells. Adding small amounts of manganese decreases the ability of quantum dots to absorb light but increases the current produced by an average of 300%.

Electronic "Cyclones" at the Nanoscale

Through highly controlled synthesis, scientists controlled competing atomic forces to let spiral electronic structures form. These polar vortices can serve as a precursor to new phenomena in materials. The materials could be vital for ultra-low energy electronic devices.

In a Flash! A New Way for Making Ceramics

A new process controllably but instantly consolidates ceramic parts, potentially important for manufacturing.

Deciphering Material Properties at the Single-Atom Level

Scientists determine the precise location and identity of all 23,000 atoms in a nanoparticle.

Smallest Transistor Ever

It has long been thought that building nanometer-sized transistors was impossible. Simply put, the physics and atomic structural imperfections couldn't be overcome. However, scientists built fully functional, nanometer-sized transistors.

Creation of Artificial Atoms

For the first time, scientists created a tunable artificial atom in graphene. The results from this research demonstrate a viable, controllable, and reversible technique to confine electrons in graphene.

Developing Tools to Understand Lithium-Ion Battery Instabilities

Scientists develop tools to understand Li-ion battery instabilities, enabling the study of electrodes and solid-electrolyte interphase formation.


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Great Neck South High School Wins Regional Science Bowl at Brookhaven Lab

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Middle Schoolers Test Their Knowledge at Science Bowl Competition

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Internship Program Helps Foster Development of Future Nuclear Scientists

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University of Utah Makes Solar Accessible

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Texas Tech Energy Commerce Students, Community Light up Tent City

Article ID: 596257

Released: 2012-11-16 10:00:00

Source Newsroom: Texas Tech University

Leslie Cranford

Senior Editor

Office of Communications & Marketing

Texas Tech University

Box 42022

Lubbock, TX 79409-2022

(806) 834-2693

(806) 742-1615 fax

leslie.cranford@ttu.edu

In the inventory of provisions for human living, shelter and light are surely toward the top of the list. And for homeless Lubbockites living in Tent City, the recently donated military tents are a boon, keeping out the West Texas dust and wind – but they also keep out light.

Enter the Rawls College of Business Energy Commerce students to remedy the situation.

More than two dozen Texas Tech University energy commerce students and Rawls College of Business faculty hosted Lubbock community members for a seminar in solar technology and all then spent a recent Saturday afternoon lighting up Lubbock’s Tent City homeless shelter with solar lighting systems.

Energy Commerce Area Coordinator Terry McInturff explained the installation followed the methodology of his brainchild, the World Energy Project (WEP), which has taken students across the globe to help those in need. The trips are designed to educate students about energy poverty and the significance of basic energy needs in improving destitution. The group literally “lights up” provincial by designing and implementing community-based installations of solar home systems.

“The world has a pretty negative opinion of energy companies, which is without justification in most cases,” McInturff said. “These kids going to work in that industry get beat down by their friends and neighbors about greedy oil companies and I want the students to take pride in what we do. One-third of the world population lives without electricity.

“What I wanted to impress on them is if people can’t get out of energy poverty, they’ll never get out of financial poverty. As part of the Energy Commerce Program, we wanted a way for our students to find a way to give back. Our World Energy Project gives our students the opportunity to see the positive effect energy has on remote or underserved populations.”

In 2010 McInturff led 11 energy commerce students on its inaugural trip to the Costa Rican jungle to begin work on a world energy project called “Selva Luminosa” or “Bright Jungle.” The program partnered with Light up the World (LUTW), a non-governmental organization based in Calgary, Canada that provides basic energy needs to rural communities in developing nations. The partnership has endured and projects such as Tent City would not be possible without LUTW.

The past two years have seen the energy commerce students tackle projects in the Amazon and the Andes; and, after taking the WEP mission global, McInturff and others decided to bring the project to their own backyard.

“We were told of a need here in Lubbock, and it’s the right thing to do to give back to this community,” McInturff said. “We had current students, former students – graduates of our program who had gone on previous WEP trips – turn out to help. Community members and even our dean, Lance Nail, other Rawls faculty and recent distinguished graduate inductee Randy Golden came out to work.”

McInturff said that none of the money for the project came from Texas Tech. With support from local businesses and the community, everything for the Tent City venture was donated either monetarily or by in-kind labor, materials, even lunch for the volunteers.

Rob Buelna, a native of Los Angeles, came to Texas Tech after serving in the army. He and his wife are both undergraduates, and he hopes to enter the Energy Commerce Program next fall. In the meantime, he’s been helping McInturff with the WEP projects.

“I met Terry McInturff last year and found out he was taking a group of students to Peru,” Buelna said. “Even though I wasn’t in the program yet, I asked if I could go along because I thought I could be an asset to them.

“We installed solar panels in the Santa Rosa community, and when I saw what these panels and lighting systems do for people who don’t have them, it made me happy to be part of that.”

When McInturff talked about doing a similar project for Tent City, Buelna wanted to be part of it.

“I assisted Terry with the logistics of all of this, helped raise some money and donations – tools, supplies – everything we needed,” Buelna said. “We had terrific support from local businesses that supported the project.”

Stephanie Nguyen, a junior energy commerce major from Fort Worth, also travelled to Peru and has seen people in energy poverty both there and now, at home.

“It’s really great to be able to bring the project and resources to Lubbock, to Tent City,” Nguyen said. “It’s sustainable energy, and the citizens here won’t have to rely so much on batteries every day, which get expensive. It’s a renewable energy that works here.”