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  • 2017-10-03 12:05:08
  • Article ID: 682162

Stairway to Science

  • Credit: Argonne National Laboratory

    In high school, Tavis Reed earned an ACT-SO gold medal for devising a technique, now patent pending, that efficiently produces ethanol. Reed has explored a wide range of research fields, from microbes to batteries, via Argonne’s Student Research Participation Program.

While in high school, Tavis Reed envisioned a future designing video games, but after participating in the Argonne Afro-Academic, Cultural, Technological and Scientific Olympics (ACT-SO) High School Research Program, he hit the reset button.

Now a sophomore at Washington University in St. Louis, Reed is studying chemical engineering and computer science, and hopes to one day create a clean energy business.

“Working with high school students like Tavis through the ACT-SO program has been an honor. The program highlights the capabilities of young African-American students and shows that if given the opportunity and an equal playing field the sky is the limit. It also allows us to recognize exceptional students like Tavis.” – Harold Gaines, president of the Argonne African-American-Employee Resource Group

The Argonne ACT-SO program, founded in 2013, provides students like Reed opportunities to conduct research and explore science and engineering careers at the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory. Over the course of nine months, students develop research projects with help from Argonne mentors and present their findings in regional and national ACT-SO competitions.

During his sophomore year at Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy (IMSA), when DuPage County ACT-SO began a partnership with Argonne, Reed earned an ACT-SO gold medal for devising a technique that efficiently produces cellulosic ethanol. He developed the technique, now patent pending, with guidance from Argonne scientists and high school faculty members.

Reed’s technique converts plant waste to ethanol through fermentation that uses two species of bacteria. In addition to producing ethanol, the process produces solids that can be used as a food for livestock. Sarah Soltau, then a postdoctoral appointee at Argonne, helped with the science of developing the method, as did Anita White and Don Dosch of IMSA. Soltau is now a professor at Bridgewater State University in Massachusetts. Argonne guided Reed to a patent lawyer who helped him file the paperwork.

Reed’s ACT-SO experience at Argonne set the course for him to participate in Argonne’s Student Research Participation Program (SRP) when he entered college. The program provides summer research internships to undergraduate students.

Through SRP, Reed explored a wide range of research fields, from microbes to batteries. This summer, Reed worked with Argonne researchers Pierre Yao, Daniel Abraham, Arthur Dysart, Kaushik Kalaga and Marco Fonseca Rodrigues to study lithium ion diffusion, one of the key variables that affect battery performance.

“By understanding what affects lithium ion diffusion, we can build batteries with better charge and discharge rates,” said Reed, adding that he especially loved the hands-on aspect of the internship.

“Working in labs has given me a chance to learn about the scientific process and see what a scientist actually does,” Reed said. “I’ve learned to really think about what I’m doing, double-check and analyze everything.”

Reed’s experience at Argonne also left an impression on his mentors.

“Tavis was a pleasure to work with,” said Daniel Abraham, a leading battery scientist who was one of Reed’s mentors. “He was conscientious, organized and very motivated. We would give him an assignment we figured would take him two or three days and he’d be finished the next day.

“He presented a poster and talk on his summer research that were excellent. They were well-organized with logical conclusions and showed his grasp of the subject matter.”

Reed’s experience reinforces Argonne’s commitment to STEM —– science, technology, engineering and mathematics —– and the African-American community, said Maria Curry-Nkansah, chief operations officer of Argonne’s Physical Sciences and Engineering Directorate.

Reed first joined ACT-SO as a high school freshman and won a gold medal for composing music for the trombone. It was a rewarding experience, he said, and wanting to help the environment, he transitioned to competing in chemistry.

Argonne has hosted many students like Reed who share a similar sense of passion, curiosity and work ethic. After their experience at the lab, these students gain an even greater appreciation for science and the confidence they need to succeed, Curry-Nkansah said.

Harold Gaines, president of the Argonne African-American-Employee Resource Group, shared his perspective.

“Working with high school students like Tavis through the ACT-SO program has been an honor,” he said. “The program highlights the capabilities of young African-American students and shows that if given the opportunity and an equal playing field the sky is the limit. It also allows us to recognize exceptional students like Tavis.”

The Argonne African-American-Employee Resource Group hosts the ACT-SO High School Research Program.

Argonne National Laboratory seeks solutions to pressing national problems in science and technology. The nation's first national laboratory, Argonne conducts leading-edge basic and applied scientific research in virtually every scientific discipline. Argonne researchers work closely with researchers from hundreds of companies, universities, and federal, state and municipal agencies to help them solve their specific problems, advance America's scientific leadership and prepare the nation for a better future. With employees from more than 60 nations, Argonne is managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science.

The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, visit the Office of Science website.

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