Redox metabolism was engineered in Yarrowia lipolytica to increase the availability of reducing molecules needed for lipid production.
Deeper soil layers are more sensitive to warming than previously thought.
Microbial enzymes create precursors of nylon while avoiding harsh chemicals and energy-demanding heat.
Using a genetically modified line of switchgrass, scientists reduced plant cell wall recalcitrance while increasing sugar release over three generations.
Scientists offer new insights into how the source of electrons in batteries fails.
State-of-the-art mass spectrometer delivers unprecedented capability to scientists.
Researchers develop the fastest synthetic catalyst for producing hydrogen gas, potentially leading to a new environmentally friendly, affordable fuel.
Like water, neutrons seek their own level, and watching how they flow may teach us about how the chemical elements were made.
FIONA (For the Identification Of Nuclide A) is a newly installed device designed to measure the mass numbers of individual atoms of heavy and superheavy elements. FIONA will let researchers learn about the shape and structure of heavy nuclei, guide the search for new elements, and offer better measurements for nuclear fission and related processes.
Researchers demonstrate a new technique that could lead to significantly higher power proton beams to answer tough scientific questions.
Tracking movements of individual particles provides understanding of collective motions, synchronization and self-assembly.
Bottom-up synthesis of tunable carbon nanoribbons provides a new route to enhance industrial, automotive reactions.
More atomic bonds is the key for performance in a newly discovered family of cage-structured compounds.
A twisted array of atomic magnets were driven to move in a curved path, a needed level of control for use in future memory devices.
Simple, economical process makes large-diameter, high-performance, thin, transparent, and conductive foils for bendable LEDs and more.
Enhanced stability in the presence of water could help reduce smokestack emissions of greenhouse gases.
New material based on common iron ore can help turn intermittent sunlight and water into long-lasting fuel.
Scientists are devising ways to protect plants, biofuels and, ultimately, the atmosphere itself from damage caused by an element that sustains life on earth.
Research reveals that giant viruses acquire genes piecemeal from others, with implications for bioenergy production and environmental cleanup.
Researchers find a grass gene affecting how plants manage water and carbon dioxide that could be useful to growing biofuel crops on marginal land.
Teamwork provides insight into complicated cloud processes that are important to potential environmental changes in the Arctic.
Plants and soil microbes may be altered by climate warming at different rates and in different ways, meaning vital nutrient patterns could be misaligned.
For the first time, scientists pinpointed how often storms topple trees, helping to predict how changes in Amazonia affect the world.
A newly discovered metabolic process linking different bacteria in a community could enhance bioenergy production.
Department of Energy Awards Six Research Contracts Totaling $258 Million to Accelerate U.S. Supercomputing Technology
Today U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry announced that six leading U.S. technology companies will receive funding from the Department of Energy's Exascale Computing Project (ECP) as part of its new PathForward program, accelerating the research necessary to deploy the nation's first exascale supercomputers.