A new class of plant-specific genes required for flowering control in temperate grasses is found.
Demonstrating the microfluidic-based, mini-metagenomics approach on samples from hot springs shows how scientists can delve into microbes that can't be cultivated in a laboratory.
First complete picture of genetic variations in a natural algal population could help explain how environmental changes affect global carbon cycles.
The genetic material of Porphyra umbilicalis reveals the mechanisms by which it thrives in the stressful intertidal zone at the edge of the ocean.
Simultaneous measurements of x-rays and gamma rays emitted in radioactive nuclear decays show that the vacancy left by an electron's departure, not the atomic structure, influences whether gamma rays are released.
Seven-year study explains how packets of light are exchanged when protons meet electrons.
The newly upgraded CEBAF Accelerator opens door to strong force studies.
Genome-wide rice studies yield first major, large-scale collection of mutations for grass model crops, vital to boosting biofuel production.
Scientists create widely controllable ultrathin optical components that allow virtual objects to be projected in real environments.
In just two years, a process that was developed by Molecular Foundry staff and users has nearly doubled the number of materials with the potential for using sunlight to produce fuel.
Confined within tiny carbon nanotubes, extremely cold water molecules line up in a highly ordered chain.
Scientists design outstanding catalysts by controlling the composition and shape of these tiny plate-like structures on the nanoscale.
Scientists set record resolution for patterning materials at sizes as small as a single nanometer using microscope-based lithography.
Big impacts on crystal formation result from small changes and reveal design principles for new materials for solar cells, more.
For the first time, self-organized, soft machines powered by molecular motors propelled fluid for hours across meters.
Specific modifications to fungi DNA may hold the secret to turning common plant degradation agents into biofuel producers.
Neutrons provide the solution to nanoscale examination of living cell membrane and confirm the existence of lipid rafts.
Researchers convert 80 percent of biomass into high-value products with strategy that's ready for commercialization.
Switchgrass cultivated during a year of severe drought inhibited microbial fermentation and resulting biofuel production.
Montmorillonite clays prevent uranium from precipitating from liquids, letting it travel with groundwater.
Seven-year-study shows plant growth does not sustainably balance carbon losses from solar warming and permafrost thaw.
Van der Waals force, which that enables tiny crystals to grow, could be used to design new materials.
Scarce compound, vitamin B12, is key for cellular metabolism and may help shape microbial communities that affect environmental cycles and bioenergy production.
Microbes leave a large fraction of carbon in anoxic sediments untouched, a key finding for understanding how watersheds influence Earth's ecosystem.
New strategy greatly increases the production and secretion of biofuel building block lipids in bacteria able to grow at industrial scales.