Friday 18-Aug-2017

Recent Research

$2.2 Million Grant Will Extend Distracted Driving Research


The findings from the NIH-funded study will have implications on targeted interventions and policy changes in distracted driving.

–University of Alabama at Birmingham|2017-08-17

Computational Body Models: The New Generation of Crash Test Dummies


Computerized models have not replaced crash dummies in assessing the protective properties of motor vehicles, military equipment and other products. But virtual figures offer many advantages over mechanical manikins and are becoming more widely used in injury biomechanics and other fields.

–Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center|2017-08-17

Researchers ‘Count Cars’ – Literally – to Find a Better Way to Control Heavy Traffic


There’s “Counting Crows,” counting sheep, counting blessings and now researchers at FAU have their own version of “counting cars” – literally – in an attempt to improve traffic flow on our nation’s overcrowded roads. And with more than 263 million registered passenger vehicles in the U.S. and more than 14 million registered vehicles in Florida alone, this is no small feat.

–Florida Atlantic University|2017-08-09

Study Reveals Exactly How Low-Cost Fuel Cell Catalysts Work


New work at Los Alamos and Oak Ridge national laboratories is resolving difficult fuel-cell performance questions, both in determining efficient new materials and understanding how they work at an atomic level.

–Los Alamos National Laboratory|2017-08-03

Arkansas Professor Receives $500k to Improve Transportation Fuel Cells


A University of Arkansas at Little Rock professor has received $500,000 to develop high-performance, cost-effective transportation fuel cells. Dr. Tansel Karabacak, professor of physics and astronomy at UA Little Rock, received $400,000 from the U.S. Department of Energy. UA Little Rock will provide $100,000 in matching funds. The main goal of the research is to produce transportation fuel cells that cost less, last longer, and provide more power.

–University of Arkansas at Little Rock|2017-07-26

Neutrons Peer Into a Running Engine


Oak Ridge national Laboratory researchers and industry partners used neutrons to investigate the performance of a new aluminum alloy in a gasoline-powered engine -- while the engine was running.

–Oak Ridge National Laboratory|2017-07-26

UW Team Develops Fast, Cheap Method to Make Supercapacitor Electrodes for Electric Cars, High-Powered Lasers


University of Washington researchers have developed a fast, inexpensive method to make electrodes for supercapacitors, with applications in electric cars, wireless telecommunications and high-powered lasers.

–University of Washington|2017-07-17

India's EV Drive Will Boost Power Utilities, Increase Energy Security


India is pushing hard to electrify its automobile market, aiming to sell only electric vehicles (EVs) by 2030. But what impact will that shift have on the country's utilities and the grid? A new report by scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has found that the prospective EV expansion will deliver economic benefits, help integrate renewable energy, and significantly reduce imports of foreign oil.

–Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory|2017-07-17

Wearable Tech, Concrete Life, Speeding up the Catalysts, and More in the Engineering News Source

The latest research and features in the Newswise Engineering News Source

– Newswise|2017-07-14

Which Bar Patrons Underestimate Their Inebriation the Most?

Prior research suggests that college students, males, and people drinking alcohol at restaurants, bars, and nightclubs are at particularly high risk for driving after drinking. Breath-testing devices are not usually found at these drinking establishments, so patrons generally assess their own intoxication levels using internal (feelings of intoxication) and external (number of drinks consumed) cues. This study examined bar patrons’ self-estimates of their breath alcohol concentrations (BrACs) in natural drinking environments.

–Research Society on Alcoholism|2017-07-06

Upstate New York Ride-Hailing Drives Gig Economy

–Cornell University|2017-06-30

Car Seat Laws for Older Kids Have Limited Impact

Laws that require increasingly older kids to sit in car safety seats appear to have limited impact, new research has found.

–Ohio State University|2017-06-29

The Friendly Honk

Sound permeates the human experience and gets our attention, sometimes traumatically so. Consider the car horn. It is a widespread practical application of this noise-trauma-alert principle -- and an increasing source of noise pollution worldwide as the global traffic population grows. It also is the subject of new noise pollution research to be presented during Acoustics ’17 Boston. The study introduces a new pedestrian-friendly car-horn sound identified through the Mean Option Score.

–Acoustical Society of America (ASA)|2017-06-25

Technology Addiction More Likely a Factor for Teen Drivers Texting and Talking with Friends Than with Parents

A new study shows that teens communicating on mobile phones with friends show stronger signs of technology addiction than when communicating with parents.

–University of Alabama at Birmingham|2017-06-23

Embargoed AJPH Research: US Gun Fatality Rate, Quality of Health by Occupation, Marijuana Legalization and Vehicle Crash Rates

In this month’s release, find new embargoed research about: U.S. gun fatality rate; health-related quality of life affected by occupation; and vehicle crash rates following marijuana legalization.

–American Public Health Association (APHA)|2017-06-22

Study Assesses Risk in a Changing Insurance Market for Driverless Vehicles

Despite projections, insurers will likely play a key role in supporting the safe deployment, adoption and sustainability of driverless cars. The relatively unknown nature, likelihood and extent of driverless accidents presents risk management challenges to both the automotive and insurance industries. Future motor policies may require non-traditional risk management.

–Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)|2017-06-21

WVU Emissions Researchers Help Address Automotive Industry and Regulatory Challenges on Clean-Diesel Issues


The most recent study from WVU’s Center for Alternative Fuels, Engines and Emissions measured oxides of nitrogen emissions, or NOx, from five Fiat Chrysler vehicles in real-world and laboratory tests.

–West Virginia University|2017-06-15

Cybersecurity for Your Car

When you and your family are zooming along the freeway, the last thing you’re worried about is the security of your car’s computer systems. That’s one reason Ohio State University Associate Professor Emre Koksal devotes most of his time to thinking about how to protect vehicles from cyberattacks.

–Ohio State University|2017-06-15

WVU Students Promote Law Enforcement Motor Vehicle Safety


With motor vehicle incidents as a leading cause of on-the-job police officer deaths, communication studies students at West Virginia University put their skills to work to develop and test motor vehicle safety messages with law enforcement officers across the nation.

–West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences|2017-06-13

Motor Vehicle Crash Risk for Teens with ADHD Much Lower Than Previously Reported

Adolescent drivers with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a 36 percent higher crash risk than other newly licensed teens. Although elevated, this risk is far lower than previous reports of being four times higher. This is the first large-scale study to provide detailed information on crash risk of adolescents with ADHD compared to other newly licensed young drivers.

–Children's Hospital of Philadelphia|2017-06-12

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