The latest research and features in the Newswise Engineering News Source
Wildfires, cigarette smoking and vehicles all emit a potentially harmful compound called isocyanic acid. The substance has been linked to several health conditions, including heart disease and cataracts. Scientists investigating sources of the compound have now identified off-road diesel vehicles in oil sands production in Alberta, Canada, as a major contributor to regional levels of the pollutant. Their report appears in ACS’ journal Environmental Science & Technology.
–American Chemical Society (ACS)|2017-12-06
Low-emission vehicles are considered too quiet for hearing-impaired pedestrians, so the European Union is mandating that they be equipped with acoustic vehicle alerting systems. With these alert systems would come a marked increase in the amount of noise on the roads across Europe. During the 174th ASA Meeting, Dec. 4-8, 2017, in New Orleans, researchers will present their work assessing the effectiveness of acoustic vehicle alerting systems and their downsides.
–Acoustical Society of America (ASA)|2017-12-05
Both batteries could work about 50 percent longer with a device provisionally patented by Vanderbilt University engineers.
–Case Western Reserve University|2017-11-08
Rural counties continue to rank lowest among counties across the U.S., in terms of health outcomes. A group of national organizations including the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the National 4-H Council are leading the way to close the rural health gap.
Argonne researchers are partnering with Idaho National Laboratory and National Renewable Energy Laboratory to identify and fill gaps hindering the commercialization of extreme fast charging — for electric vehicles that can be charged in minutes instead of hours.
–Argonne National Laboratory|2017-11-07
Advanced technology used to make traveling safer and more efficient is the focus of a new project led by The University of Alabama and the Alabama Department of Transportation.
–University of Alabama|2017-10-25
A “cool flame” may sound contradictory, but it’s an important element of diesel combustion — one that, once properly understood, could enable better engine designs with higher efficiency and fewer emissions.
–Sandia National Laboratories|2017-10-12
A method developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory could protect connected and autonomous vehicles from possible network intrusion. A new ORNL technique makes ultrafast measurements using atomic force microscopy.
–Oak Ridge National Laboratory|2017-10-05
Many of the infotainment features in most 2017 vehicles are so distracting they should not be enabled while a vehicle is in motion, according to a new study by University of Utah researchers.
The study, led by psychology professor David L. Strayer, found In-Vehicle Information Systems take drivers’ attention off the road for too long to be safe.
–University of Utah|2017-10-05
Ride-hailing services reduce drunk-driving crashes in some cities, reports a new study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania this month in the American Journal of Epidemiology. The research is the first to look at the specific effects of ride-hailing, or “ride-sharing,” within specific cities, rather than averaging data across multiple cities.
–Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania |2017-10-04
Members of Tulane University’s Shantz Lab will work with industrial scientists to assist in the development of next-generation materials designed to reduce harmful automotive emissions. The three-year old lab and its group of students have received a grant and equipment resources from SACHEM, Inc., a chemical science company.
While the future of vehicles may be driverless, West Virginia University is steering the technology in the right direction. WVU’s researchers are working to improve vehicle and smart infrastructure technology that underpins their development and their benefit to communities in areas such as safety, energy, traffic, economic opportunity and more.
–West Virginia University|2017-09-19
Team PrISUm is preparing to take its "Solar Utility Vehicle" on a 1,900-mile race across the Outback of Australia. The Bridgestone World Solar Challenge is Oct. 8-15. Iowa State's student-engineers think they've built a car that can comfortably make that journey.
–Iowa State University|2017-09-15