Obesity News Source

Saturday 27-Aug-2016

Recent Research

Researchers Target Gut Bacteria to Reduce Weight Gain

Adding engineered bacteria into the guts of mice both kept them from gaining weight and protected them against some of the negative health effects of obesity. Researchers will present their findings today at the American Physiological Society’s Inflammation, Immunity and Cardiovascular Disease conference.

–American Physiological Society (APS)|2016-08-26

Researchers Suspect MicroRNAs as Potential Link Between Obesity and Heart Disease

Results from a new study suggest that small molecules known as microRNAs may be part of the pathway connecting inflammation with increased heart disease risk in obese people. The new findings will be presented at the American Physiological Society’s Inflammation, Immunity and Cardiovascular Disease conference.

–American Physiological Society (APS)|2016-08-26

Calorie-Burning ‘Good’ Fat Can Be Protected, Says Study

Preventing cells of beige fat — a calorie-burning tissue that can help to ward off obesity and diabetes — from digesting their own mitochondria traps them in a beneficial, energy-burning state. In mice, this successfully protected against obesity and pre-diabetic symptoms, raising hopes for future applications in human patients.

–University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)|2016-08-25

Feast or Famine: The Switch That Helps Your Liver Adapt

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Scientists at the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have identified a previously unknown way that stress hormones (glucocorticoids) control genes in the liver to help the body adapt to the fasting state. The study, published today in Cell Metabolism, describes an obscure protein, SETDB2, that’s increased during times of fasting and alters the genome to help turn on genes needed to adjust to the absence of food.

–Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute|2016-08-25

Excess weight linked to 8 more cancer types

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There’s yet another reason to maintain a healthy weight as we age. An international team of researchers has identified eight additional types of cancer linked to excess weight and obesity: stomach, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, ovary, meningioma (a type of brain tumor), thyroid cancer and the blood cancer multiple myeloma.

–Washington University in St. Louis|2016-08-24

UT Southwestern Research Identifies Protein That Promotes the Breakdown of Fat, Potentially Leading to New Diabetes Treatments

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Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found that a protein often located on the surface of fat droplets within cells – and especially abundant in the muscles of endurance athletes – can kick-start the more efficient and healthful breakdown of fat.

–UT Southwestern Medical Center|2016-08-24

Diet, Exercise, Both: All Work Equally to Protect Heart Health, Saint Louis University Study Finds

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For those who need to lose weight, taking off a few pounds by dieting, exercising or both is powerful protection against cardiovascular disease.

–Saint Louis University Medical Center|2016-08-24

Standing Desks Lead To Improved BMI In Children

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Texas A&M researchers have shown, for the first time, evidence that standing desks in classrooms can slow the increase in elementary school children’s body mass index (BMI)—a key indicator of obesity—by an average of 5.24 percentile points. The research was published today in the American Journal of Public Health.

–Texas A&M University|2016-08-23

EMBARGOED AJPH Research: Tax on sweet drinks, vaccine coverage in red and blue states, public health workers’ job satisfaction

In this month’s release, find new embargoed research about: the impact of Berkeley, California’s sugar-sweetened beverage tax; adolescent vaccine coverage differences in red and blue states; and public health practitioners’ job satisfaction and expected turnover.

–American Public Health Association (APHA)|2016-08-23

Diet and Back Pain: What’s the Link?

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In a collaboration between Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, researchers are exploring the link between diet, obesity-linked Type 2 diabetes, and intervertebral disc degeneration.

–Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)|2016-08-23

Is a Messed-Up Microbiome Linked to Obesity? New U-M Study Casts Doubt

A new study, done by pooling data from a wide range of studies that looked for a link between the human microbiome and obesity, throws cold water on the idea that extra pounds may stem from an imbalance of the bacteria inside us.

–University of Michigan Health System|2016-08-23

Blocking Release of the Hormone Ghrelin May Mediate Low Blood Sugar Effect in Children Taking Beta Blockers, UT Southwestern Study Shows

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Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified a previously unknown role of a cellular signaling molecule involved in release of the “hunger hormone” ghrelin, a finding that could have implications for optimal treatment of children taking beta blockers.

–UT Southwestern Medical Center|2016-08-22

Fussy Infants Find Food More Rewarding, Putting Them at Higher Risk for Obesity

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Babies that seem to get upset more easily and take longer to calm down may be at higher risk for obesity while babies that exhibit more “cuddliness” and calm down easily are less likely at risk, according to a University at Buffalo study.

–University at Buffalo|2016-08-22

Umbilical Cells Shed Light on How Obesity May Pass From Mother to Child

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Researchers at Joslin Diabetes Center now have demonstrated that umbilical cells from children of obese or overweight mothers show impaired expression of key genes regulating cell energy and metabolism, compared to similar cells from babies of non-obese mothers.

–Joslin Diabetes Center|2016-08-22

Infants Develop Early Understanding of Social Nature of Food

A new study conducted at the University of Chicago finds infants develop expectations about what people prefer to eat, providing early evidence of the social nature through which humans understand food.

–University of Chicago|2016-08-22

Exercising After Mentally Demanding Tasks Could Help Prevent Overeating, Study Finds

A study has found that people who remained sedentary after mentally demanding tasks consumed more calories than those who exercised.

–University of Alabama at Birmingham|2016-08-22

Severe Obesity Revealed as a Stand-Alone High-Risk Factor for Heart Failure

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A study by Johns Hopkins researchers of more than 13,000 people has found that even after accounting for such risk factors as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes, so-called morbid obesity appears to stand alone as a standout risk for heart failure, but not for other major types of heart disease.

–Johns Hopkins Medicine|2016-08-22

Citrus Fruits Could Help Prevent Obesity-Related Heart Disease, Liver Disease, Diabetes

Oranges and other citrus fruits are good for you — they contain plenty of vitamins and substances, such as antioxidants, that can help keep you healthy. Now a group of researchers reports that these fruits also help prevent harmful effects of obesity in mice fed a Western-style, high-fat diet.

–American Chemical Society (ACS)|2016-08-21

As Body Mass Index Increases, So Does Spread of Multiple Myeloma

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In a new study published in Cancer Letters, American University researchers show how, as body mass index increases, so does the growth and spread of the blood cancer multiple myeloma, which accounts for about 10 percent of all blood cancers in patients.

–American University|2016-08-19

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