Obesity News Source

Wednesday 4-Mar-2015

UAB Medicine Wellness News

Alan Gertler, MD - Obesity and Heart Disease

Alan S. Gertler, M.D., associate professor of medicine in UAB’s Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and part of UAB’s Heart & Vascular Service.

–University of Alabama at Birmingham|2013-12-30

Anath Shalev, MD - Type 2 Diabetes

Anath Shalev, M.D., director of the UAB Comprehensive Diabetes Center. Shalev is an internationally recognized authority in endocrinology, pancreatic beta-cell biology and the pathophysiology of diabetes.

–University of Alabama at Birmingham|2013-12-30

Recent Research

Fighting Childhood Obesity Among Native Americans

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“Secure, healthy caregiving is just as important as genetic factors in preventing physical and emotional problems,” according to South Dakota State University nursing professor Marylou Mylant. That’s the premise behind research on strengthening families to fight a dramatic increase in obesity among Native American preschoolers. Less than 25 percent of the preschoolers at the intervention site have normal BMIs.

–South Dakota State University|2015-03-03

Published Outcomes Announced From Study on Adolescent Bariatric Surgery Safety

Cardiovascular risks of severe pediatric obesity, assessed among adolescents participating in the “Teen Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery” (Teen-LABS) study, were published this week in JAMA Pediatrics.

–Nationwide Children's Hospital|2015-03-02

Neurons Controlling Appetite Made From Skin Cells

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Researchers have for the first time successfully converted adult human skin cells into neurons of the type that regulate appetite, providing a patient-specific model for studying the neurophysiology of weight control and testing new therapies for obesity.

–Columbia University Medical Center|2015-02-27

Feast-and-Famine Diet Could Extend Life, Study Shows

Think of it as interval training for the dinner table.

–University of Florida|2015-02-27

Impact of a Supermarket on Children’s Diets

Locating full-service supermarkets within neighborhoods considered to be “food deserts” may not result in healthful dietary habits or reductions in childhood obesity -- at least in the short term, according to a new study by NYU Langone Medical Center researchers in the February 26th online edition of the journal Public Health Nutrition.

–NYU Langone Medical Center|2015-02-26

Widely Used Food Additive Promotes Colitis, Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome, Research Shows

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Emulsifiers, which are added to most processed foods to aid texture and extend shelf life, can alter the gut microbiota composition and localization to induce intestinal inflammation that promotes the development of inflammatory bowel disease and metabolic syndrome, new research shows.

–Georgia State University|2015-02-25

New Research Provides First Glimpse of Weight Gain Guidance for Pregnant Women with Obesity

New research in the journal Obesity provides the first glimpse of weight-gain guidance for pregnant women with various classes of obesity based on body mass index (BMI), and suggests that they not gain any weight until mid-pregnancy or later.

–Obesity Society|2015-02-24

It’s Tough to Shift That Weight, McMaster Studies Show

The McMaster Evidence Review and Synthesis Centre reviewed hundreds of recent studies about overweight and obesity published in the past decade. The last of its five related papers was published today.

–McMaster University|2015-02-24

Vitamin D Deficiency Linked More Closely to Diabetes than Obesity

People who have low levels of vitamin D are more likely to have diabetes, regardless of how much they weigh, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

–Endocrine Society|2015-02-23

Molecular Link between Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Reveals Potential Therapy

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Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered that the inflammatory molecule LTB4 promotes insulin resistance, a first step in developing type 2 diabetes. What’s more, the team found that genetically removing the cell receptor that responds to LTB4, or blocking it with a drug, improves insulin sensitivity in obese mice. The study is published Feb. 23 by Nature Medicine.

–University of California, San Diego Health Sciences|2015-02-23

A Broader, Global Approach to Obesity Treatment and Prevention

A recent Lancet series explores various international efforts to address obesity, and calls for public health and policy approaches to improve the food environment as it relates to obesity treatment and prevention. The Obesity Society supports ongoing dialogue and collaborative discussions with the food industry, other industry stakeholders and public health officials, and calls for developing evidence-based initiatives to improve public health.

–Obesity Society|2015-02-20

Mobile App with Evidence-Based Decision Support Diagnoses More Obesity, Smoking, and Depression

Smartphones and tablets may hold the key to getting more nurses to diagnose patients with chronic health issues like obesity, smoking, and depression -- three of the leading causes of preventable death and disability.

–Columbia University School of Nursing|2015-02-19

Diet Quality Declines Worldwide, but with Major Differences Across Countries

- In a first-of-its-kind analysis of worldwide dietary patterns, a team including researchers from t Tufts University found overall diet quality worsened across the world even as consumption of healthier foods increased in many countries. The study compared trends in intakes of healthy versus unhealthy foods in 1990 and 2010 and found major differences by country.

–Tufts University|2015-02-19

Flame Retardants Found to Cause Metabolic, Liver Problems

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Chemicals used as synthetic flame retardants that are found in common household items such as couches, carpet padding, and electronics have been found to cause metabolic and liver problems that can lead to insulin resistance, which is a major cause of obesity, according to new research from the University of New Hampshire.

–University of New Hampshire|2015-02-19

New Study Helps Explain Links Between Sleep Loss and Diabetes

Lack of sleep can elevate levels of free fatty acids in the blood, accompanied by temporary pre-diabetic conditions in healthy young men. Getting enough sleep could help counteract the current epidemics of diabetes and obesity.

–University of Chicago Medical Center|2015-02-19

Optimizing the Nation's Health Through Food and Nutrition, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Launches New and Redesigned Websites

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To better empower its members to be food and nutrition leaders while strengthening its resolve to optimize the nation’s health through food and nutrition, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics announces the launch of its new and redesigned websites: www.eatright.org, www.eatrightPRO.org and www.eatrightSTORE.org.

–Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics|2015-02-17

In the Short Run, a High-Fat Diet May Help Minimize Heart Attack Damage

A high-fat diet, eaten one day to two weeks days before a heart attack, reduced heart attack damage in mice by about 50 percent, according to a new study. The finding could provide insight into the "obesity paradox," by which obesity appears to provide protection to heart attack patients.

–Loyola University Health System|2015-02-16

Puerto Rican Officials Blame Parents of Children with Obesity, Consider Fines

In an attempt to address the significant problem of childhood obesity in the United States territory, Puerto Rican officials have proposed a $500 - $800 fine for parents whose children have obesity and have not improved after parent-focused education. While some public and pediatric health organizations have called the bill “unfair,” The Obesity Society (TOS) and The Obesity Action Coalition (OAC) go further to call it a misguided policy that ignores the core scientific understanding of obesity as a disease.

–Obesity Society|2015-02-12

Common Biomarkers of Sleep Debt Found in Humans, Rats

Researchers found common molecules signifying perturbed metabolism in response to sleep restriction in a comprehensive metabolic profiling of blood from both rats and humans. Their findings point to an overall shift in how lipids are metabolized and evidence of systemic oxidative stress.

–Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania |2015-02-12

About UAB

The Obesity News Source is a joint project by Newswise and UAB Medicine to promote obesity research and clinical news to the public and news media.

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