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AIP|American Institute of Physics

Sponsored By AIP

AIP|American Institute of Physics


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Milky Way-Like Galaxies in Early Universe Embedded in 'Super Halos'

Using ALMA, astronomers have directly observed a pair of Milky Way-like galaxies seen when the universe was only eight percent of its current age. These progenitors of today's giant spiral galaxies are surrounded by "super halos" of hydrogen gas that extend many hundreds-of-thousands of light-years beyond their dusty, star-filled disks.

Gravitational Wave Kicks Monster Black Hole Out of Galactic Core

An international team of astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have uncovered a supermassive black hole that has been propelled out of the center of the distant galaxy 3C 186. The black hole was most likely ejected by the power of gravitational waves.

Brookhaven Lab's Bjoern Schenke Receives Zimanyi Medal

Bjoern Schenke, a theoretical physicist at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, has been awarded the 2017 Zimanyi Medal in Nuclear Theory.

Secrets to Scientific Success: Planning and Coordination

Very often there are people behind the scenes of scientific advances, quietly organizing the project's logistics. New facilities and big collaborations require people to create schedules, manage resources, and communicate among teams. Brookhaven National Laboratory is lucky to have Xiaofeng Guo in its ranks.

New Study Maps Space Dust in 3-D

A new Berkeley Lab-led study provides detailed 3-D views of space dust in the Milky Way, which could help us understand the properties of this dust and how it affects views of distant objects.

Hans Dehmelt -- Nobel Laureate and University of Washington Professor Emeritus -- Has Died at Age 94

Hans Georg Dehmelt, Nobel physics laureate and professor emeritus at the University of Washington, died in Seattle on March 7, 2017 at age 94. Dehmelt was a celebrated scientist who developed methods to isolate atoms and subatomic particles and measure their fundamental properties with high accuracy.

The Future of Astronomy: ALMA and the Next Generation VLA - A Newswise Live Expert Panel Discussion

Two of the most iconic telescopes on Earth - the Very Large Array, or VLA as its known, and ALMA, the trailblazing Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array - are helping us understand our cosmic origins, but their stories are just beginning. New technology and future expansions will greatly enhance their abilities, revealing never-before-seen details of the cosmos. Two astronomers explain the latest discoveries and future upgrades for these powerful instruments.

Manipulating Magnetic Textures

While the ability to easily control the magnetic properties of small electronic systems is highly desirable for future small electronics and data storage, an effective solution has proven to be extremely elusive. But now, a group of researchers from universities in Chile and Brazil are reporting this week in the Journal of Applied Physics, a simple way to gain control of magnetism that starts by controlling the shape of the systems.

Estimating the Glass Transition Temperature for Polymers in 'Confined Geometries'

Polystyrene has a glass transition temperature of about 100 C -- at room temperature it behaves like a solid material. But as its temperature approaches the glass transition temperature, polystyrene's mechanical properties change drastically. This makes the ability to approximate glass transitions for confined geometries in polymers highly desirable. And now, as researchers report in this week's issue of The Journal of Chemical Physics, they've developed a simple formula to do just that.


Brookhaven Lab's Bjoern Schenke Receives Zimanyi Medal

Bjoern Schenke, a theoretical physicist at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, has been awarded the 2017 Zimanyi Medal in Nuclear Theory.

Secrets to Scientific Success: Planning and Coordination

Very often there are people behind the scenes of scientific advances, quietly organizing the project's logistics. New facilities and big collaborations require people to create schedules, manage resources, and communicate among teams. Brookhaven National Laboratory is lucky to have Xiaofeng Guo in its ranks.

Hans Dehmelt -- Nobel Laureate and University of Washington Professor Emeritus -- Has Died at Age 94

Hans Georg Dehmelt, Nobel physics laureate and professor emeritus at the University of Washington, died in Seattle on March 7, 2017 at age 94. Dehmelt was a celebrated scientist who developed methods to isolate atoms and subatomic particles and measure their fundamental properties with high accuracy.

The Future of Astronomy: ALMA and the Next Generation VLA - A Newswise Live Expert Panel Discussion

Two of the most iconic telescopes on Earth - the Very Large Array, or VLA as its known, and ALMA, the trailblazing Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array - are helping us understand our cosmic origins, but their stories are just beginning. New technology and future expansions will greatly enhance their abilities, revealing never-before-seen details of the cosmos. Two astronomers explain the latest discoveries and future upgrades for these powerful instruments.

Scientists Make the Case to Restore Pluto's Planet Status

Kirby Runyon wants to make one thing clear: Regardless of what one prestigious scientific organization says to the contrary, Pluto is a planet. So, he says, is Europa, commonly known as a moon of Jupiter, and so is the Earth's moon, and so are more than 100 other celestial bodies in our solar system that are denied this status under the prevailing definition of "planet."

Ostrowski Receives CAREER Award to Support Groundbreaking Research in Photochemistry

BGSU photochemist Dr. Alexis Ostrowski and her lab are venturing into a whole new world of materials with properties as yet unknown, but that offer the promise of beneficial applications in health, industry, agriculture and other fields.

Modeling the "Flicker" of Gluons in Subatomic Smashups

A new model identifies a high degree of fluctuations in the glue-like particles that bind quarks within protons as essential to explaining proton structure.

Rare Nickel Atom Has "Doubly Magic" Structure

Supercomputing calculations confirm that rare nickel-78 has unusual structure, offering insights into supernovas.

Dark Matter Detection Receives 10-Ton Upgrade

In an abandoned gold mine one mile beneath Lead, South Dakota, the cosmos quiets down enough to potentially hear the faint whispers of the universe's most elusive material -- dark matter. Shielded from the deluge of cosmic rays constantly showering the Earth's surface, the mine, scientists think, will be the ideal setting for the most sensitive dark matter experiment to date.

High-Precision Calculations on Supercomputers Help Reveal the Physics of the Universe

Argonne researchers have developed a new theoretical approach, ideally suited for high-performance computing systems, capable of making predictive calculations about particle interactions that conform almost exactly to experimental data. This new approach could give scientists a valuable tool for describing new physics and particles beyond those currently identified.