New Quantum Liquid Crystal--In the Driver's Seat

Lasers reveal a new state of matter--the first 3-D quantum liquid crystal.

Creating a World of Make-Believe to Better Understand the Real Universe

Scientists are creating simulated universes - complete with dark matter mock-ups, computer-generated galaxies, quasi quasars, and pseudo supernovae - to better understand real-world observations.

When Lightning Strikes

WVU physicists among collaborators granted $7 million to form U.S. Department of Energy center of excellence. the collaboration conducts up to five physics experiments per Z shot, considered a high standard in sharing runtime economically at expensive national laboratories built for programmatic research into national security issues.

Science of Consciousness Conference, Tucson 2018: Final Call for Abstracts - Due January 2, 2018

The Science of Consciousness ('TSC') is an interdisciplinary conference emphasizing broad and rigorous approaches to all aspects of the study and understanding of conscious awareness. Topical areas include neuroscience, philosophy, psychology, language, biology, quantum physics, meditation, altered states, machine consciousness, the nature of reality, culture and experiential phenomenology.

Hubble's Celestial Snow Globe

It's beginning to look a lot like the holiday season in this Hubble Space Telescope image of a blizzard of stars, which resembles a swirling snowstorm in a snow globe. The stars are residents of the globular star cluster Messier 79 (also known as M79 or NGC 1904), located 41,000 light-years from Earth, in the constellation Lepus.

Solar Instruments, Experiments Headed for International Space Station

A solar instrument package designed and built by the University of Colorado Boulder to help monitor the planet's climate is now set for launch Dec. 12 aboard a SpaceX rocket from NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

Welcome Back, GRETINA

GRETINA, a state-of-the-art gamma ray spectrometer, is back at Argonne and will be contributing to our knowledge of nuclear physics, the structure of subatomic nuclei and other ingredients of the universe.

How to Map the Phases of the Hottest Substance in the Universe

In quark-gluon plasma, which existed just after the Big Bang, quarks and gluons move freely, not part of the protons and neutrons that make up ordinary matter. Scientists supported by the DOE's Office of Science are working to understand where and how quark-gluon plasma turns into ordinary matter.

PPPL Physicists Win Supercomputing Time to Study Fusion and the Cosmos

Feature describes supercomputer allocations of 210 million core hours to PPPL physicists.

Rutgers Physics Shows Have Thrilled Thousands for 20 Years

Rutgers University-New Brunswick Professor Mark Croft began giving physics demonstrations for students and outside groups 40 years ago, but the demos required lots of heavy lifting and he later stopped giving them. But stopping the shows made Croft feel guilty. So, 20 years ago, he asked Rutgers physics support specialist Dave Maiullo - star of Off-Broadway's "That Physics Show" at The Elektra Theatre in New York City - to help him stage holiday physics shows for the public. Maiullo obliged, and an estimated 25,000-plus children and adults have since seen the annual Rutgers Faraday Holiday Children's Lecture and shows during Rutgers Day at Rutgers University-New Brunswick. Inspiration for the shows came from England's Michael Faraday, a famous physicist and chemist who began presenting annual Christmas Lectures at the Royal Institution in London in 1825.

UAH Engineering Student Uses 3-D Printing to Successfully Build and Test Hall-Effect Thruster

UAH master's student Ethan Hopping, who now works at Blue Origin, and UAH professor Dr. Gabe Xu partnered to design and test a Hall-effect thruster with a 3-D printed channel and propellant distributor.

Craters on Graphene: Electrons Impact

Novel defect control in graphene enables direct imaging of trapped electrons that follow Einstein's rules.

High-Performance Computing Cuts Particle Collision Data Prep Time

For the first time, scientists have used high-performance computing (HPC) to reconstruct the data collected by a nuclear physics experiment--an advance that could dramatically reduce the time it takes to make detailed data available for scientific discoveries. The demonstration project used the Cori supercomputer at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), a high-performance computing center at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California, to reconstruct multiple datasets collected by the STAR detector during particle collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), a nuclear physics research facility at Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York.

What Can Science Gain From Computers That Learn?

Researchers are grappling with increasingly large quantities of image-based data. Machine learning and deep learning offer researchers new ways to analyze images quickly and more efficiently than ever before. Scientists at multiple national laboratories are working together to harness the potential of these tools.

TRIUMF's (Ultra)Cool Experiment Fires Up

After a 4-year installation period at TRIUMF, the transpacific TUCAN collaboration reported the production of the first ultracold neutrons in Canada on Monday, Nov 13, 2017.

PPPL Scientists Deliver New High-Resolution Diagnostic to National Laser Facility

Scientists from the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory have built and delivered a high-resolution X-ray spectrometer for the largest and most powerful laser facility in the world.

Cyanobacterial Studies Examine Cellular Structure During Nitrogen Starvation

Researchers from Washington University in St. Louis and ORNL are using neutrons to study what happens when cyanobacteria cell samples are starved for nitrogen. They are especially interested in how this process affects phycobilisomes, large antenna protein complexes in the cells that harvest light for photosynthesis.

With Launch of New Night Sky Survey, UW Researchers Ready for Era of 'Big Data' Astronomy

On Nov. 14, scientists with the California Institute of Technology, the University of Washington and eight additional partner institutions announced that the Zwicky Transient Facility, the latest sensitive tool for astrophysical observations in the Northern Hemisphere, has seen "first light" and took its first detailed image of the night sky.

NASA's James Webb Space Telescope Early Science Observations Revealed

Astronomers around the world will have immediate access to early data from specific science observations from NASA's James Webb Space Telescope, which will be completed within the first five months of Webb's science operations. These observing programs were chosen from a Space Telescope Science Institute call for early release science proposals.

JHU Scientist Crowdsources Rocks Harboring Earthly "Extraterrestrials"

Crowdsourcing created an online photography archive, financed a British rock band's tour and advanced a search for intelligent life on other planets. Now a biologist is hoping the approach can help her find rocks. But not just any rocks.

Live Webcast to Explore the Ways "Useless" Discoveries Have Changed Our Lives

.In a live webcast on November 8, physicist Pauline Gagnon will explain how seemingly "useless" scientific discoveries, such as the Higgs boson, have changed the way we live our lives.

Reaching New Heights: Physicists Improve the Vertical Stability of Superconducting Korean Fusion Device

Article describes international collaboration that has improved stability on KSTAR tokamak in South Korea.

When Stars Collide: CSUF Researchers Contribute to Space Discovery

CSU Fullerton researchers are key players in the groundbreaking observation of the first-ever gravitational wave signals emitted from the collision of two neutron stars.

'Impactful Times' Tells Story of Decades of Sandia Shock Physics Research

A new book by Sandia National Laboratories researchers describes shock physics research at the labs from its early history to today. Speeding bullets practically stand still compared to impact velocities achieved in shock physics studies.

40 Years of Research Milestones (Part 2: 1997 to 2017)

To celebrate DOE's 40th anniversary, the Office of Science has collected 40 major papers from the past 40 years that we've supported via research through our national labs, user facilities, and grants programs.