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Newswise MedWire - Medical News for Journalists
Newswise MedWire
Thursday, May 30, 2019

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(67 New)

Medical News


International Travelers Experience the Harmful Effects of Air Pollution

Even a short stay for travelers in cities with high levels of air pollution leads to breathing problems that can take at least a week from which to recover, a new study shows.

– NYU Langone Health

Journal of Travel Medicine; ES000260; ES007324

Embargo expired on 30-May-2019 at 09:00 ET

For kids, weight-based teasing linked to more weight gain

Kids and adolescents who were teased about their weight gained more weight over time, according to a new longitudinal study published May 30 in the journal Pediatric Obesity.

– Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

Pediatric Obesity

Embargo expired on 30-May-2019 at 00:05 ET

Patient Groups Untested in Cancer Immunotherapy Trials Found to Also Benefit

Cancer patients previously excluded and underrepresented in immunotherapy clinical trials, such as African Americans and patients with HIV or viral hepatitis, actually benefit at the same rate as patients tested in the clinical trials, according to a...

– Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center

2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Significant “Knowledge Gap” Exists in Use of Genetic Testing to Decide Cancer Treatment

A survey conducted by Georgetown investigators found a significant knowledge and practice gap among community oncologists in the understanding and usage of genetic testing in determining patients' treatment plans and potential clinical trial outcomes...

– Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center

2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey Physician-Scientists Present Findings on Immunotherapy and Other Clinical Research at National Meeting

Findings from Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey focused on immunotherapy will be featured at the 2019 American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting being held in Chicago tomorrow through Tuesday.

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

2019 American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting

Pilot study shows untapped resource to help people quit smoking

As “World No Tobacco Day” approaches on Friday, May 31, results from a pilot study show there may be another path to help people who want to quit smoking. A study led by Kelly Buettner-Schmidt, associate professor in the School of Nursing at Nor...

– North Dakota State University

Chiropractic & Manual Therapies

Viral study suggests an approach that may decrease kidney damage in transplant patients

BK polyomavirus is harbored in most humans; in kidney transplant patients, immune suppression drugs to help the kidney can reactivate the virus and instead cause kidney failure. Research shows a way to reduce BK polyomavirus levels in patients withou...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Journal of Virology; AI123162; GM008111

RAPID® Imaging Platform Expands Options for Speedy Stroke Treatment at Atlantic Health System Neuroscience

RAPID provides the most advanced brain imaging to stroke experts. The platform is noteworthy for its ability to shave time from the treatment decision-making process: Images are transmitted from patients’ CTA (computed tomography angiography) and...

– Atlantic Health System


Researchers identify new roles for common oncogene MYC

Cancer researchers have discovered surprising new functions for a protein called MYC, a powerful oncogene that is estimated to drive the development of almost half a million new cancer cases in the US every year. The study, which will be published Ma...

– The Rockefeller University Press

Journal of Experimental Medicine, July 2019; RO1CA183876-03; R01CA207217-01; R01CA190384; 5R01 1P50CA192937-01; GC229409; GC227729; I10-0064; C028131...

Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 09:00 ET

Study sheds new light on the harms of air pollution

A new University at Buffalo study based on levels before, during and after the Beijing Olympics reveals how air pollution affects the human body at the level of metabolites. Researchers found that 69 metabolites changed significantly when air polluti...

– University at Buffalo

Environmental Health Perspectives, May-2019

Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 09:00 ET

Study reports ibrutinib and venetoclax combo effective as front-line therapy for select chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients

Ibrutinib and venetoclax, two FDA-approved drugs for treating chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), have been shown to be effective when given together for high-risk and older patients with the disease, according to a study at The University of Texas M...

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

New England Journal of Medicine

Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 17:00 ET

How to quell a cytokine storm: New ways to dampen an overactive immune system

BRCA, the DNA-repair protein family, interacts with a multipart, molecular complex that is also responsible for regulating the immune system. When certain players in this pathway go awry, autoimmune disorders, like lupus, can arise. Researchers have ...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Nature; R01 CA138835

Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 13:00 ET

Johns Hopkins Researchers Design New Blood Test That Uses DNA ‘Packaging’ Patterns to Detect Multiple Cancer Types

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center have developed a simple new blood test that can detect the presence of seven different types of cancer by spotting unique patterns in the fragmentation of DNA shed from cancer cells and circulatin...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Nature; SU2C-AACR-DT1415, CA121113, CA006973, CA180950, 11-105240, 1309-00006B, NNF14OC0012747, NNF17OC0025052, R133-A8520-00-S41, R1

Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 13:00 ET

Endovascular Aneurysm Procedure as Effective as Open Surgery, Study Finds

A minimally invasive procedure to repair abdominal aneurysms thought to be less effective than traditional open surgery has been shown to perform as well as the open repair and be as long-lasting.

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Cooperative Studies Program of the Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Research and Development

Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 17:00 ET

Could Repeated Squeezes to the Arms, Legs Protect the Brain?

What if wearing a blood pressure cuff could help prevent stroke? In a new study, people who restricted their blood flow by wearing inflated blood pressure cuffs on an arm and leg showed signs of more controlled blood flow to their brain, a process th...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

American Academy of Neurology

Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 16:00 ET

Media Advisory: May 29 Johns Hopkins Telebriefing to Announce New Blood Test That Can Detect 7 Cancers From Unique Patterns in DNA Fragments

A telebriefing will announce the development by the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center of a new “liquid biopsy” to accurately detect the presence of seven cancers using machine learning, a type of artificial intelligence. The briefing will coinci...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine


Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 13:00 ET

Patterns of chronic lymphocytic leukemia growth identified

In patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, the rate of disease growth is apt to follow one of three trajectories: relentlessly upward, steadily level, or something in between, scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, the Broad Institute of MIT...

– Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Nature; 5P01CA081534-14; 1R01CA155010-01A1; P01CA206978; U10CA180861; 1RO1HL103532-0; PIOF-2013-624924

Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 13:00 ET

Millions of women in low-and middle-income countries will need radiotherapy for cervical cancer treatment despite vaccination

A first of its kind study is reporting that millions of women in low- and middle-income countries will need life-saving radiotherapy to treat their cervical cancer, despite the growth of essential human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination prevention pr...

– University Health Network (UHN)

The Lancet Oncology

includes video

Recovery twice as hard for survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia

The cardiorespiratory fitness of survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia is 22 per cent worse than that general Canadian population,and genetics might play a role, an UdeM researcher finds.

– Universite de Montreal

BMC Cancer, May-2019; Institute of Cancer Research-Canadian Institutes of Health Research

High LDL linked to early-onset Alzheimer's

Researchers with the Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Emory University have found a link between high LDL cholesterol levels and early-onset Alzheimer's disease.

– Veterans Affairs (VA) Research Communications

JAMA Neurology

New genetic engineering strategy makes human-made DNA invisible

Bacteria are everywhere. They live in the soil and water, on our skin and in our bodies. Some are pathogenic,

– Forsyth Institute

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Researchers explore the epigenetics of daytime sleepiness

Everyone feels tired at times, but up to 20 percent of U.S. adults report feeling so sleepy during the day that it interferes with daily activities, including working, having meals or carrying on conversations.

– Brigham and Women’s Hospital


Does being seen really make cyclists safer on the road?

Researchers from UBC Okanagan have determined motorists tended to give cyclists wearing high-visibility vests more room on the road, compared to cyclists without high-visibility clothing.

– University of British Columbia's Okanagan Campus


Seeing Disfigured Faces Prompts Negative Brain and Behavior Responses

A new study led by Penn Medicine researchers, which published today in Scientific Reports, found that people have implicit negative biases against people with disfigured faces, without knowingly harboring such biases.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Scientific Reports

Study finds link between ambient ozone exposure and progression of carotid wall thickness

Study of nearly 7,000 Americans aged 45 to 84 is first epidemiological study to provide evidence that ozone might advance subclinical arterial disease.

– University at Buffalo

Environmental Health Perspectives, May-2019

New Study Evaluates Transcatheter Dialysis Conduit Procedures Over 15 Years

A new research study by Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute found that utilization of invasive procedures on hemodialysis conduits—artificially constructed shuts used by many individuals who require dialysis—increased markedly from 2001 thro...

– Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute

Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (JVIR)

Structural Sexism: FSU Researcher Offers New Perspective on Gender and Health Inequality

A Florida State University researcher has found gender inequality in U.S. states is bad for everybody’s health. In a new study published in the American Sociological Review, FSU Assistant Professor Patricia Homan developed a new structural sexism a...

– Florida State University

American Sociological Review

UAMS, International Collaborators Use FDA-Approved Drugs to Extend Life in Worms

An international research collaboration that includes the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) has discovered that aging in nematodes (worms) can be slowed and even reversed by a number of Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved dru...

– University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

Scientific Reports

Providing a Critical Roadmap to Bridge the GapBetween Medicine and Public Health

Academic medical centers across the country and around the world are rapidly creating and expanding population health departments to bridge the worlds of clinical practice and public health. However, few frameworks exist to guide these efforts. Now a...

– NYU Langone Health

Academic Medicine

includes video

SCCA’s Immunotherapy leaders featured at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) annual meeting

More than 20 physicians and researchers from Seattle Cancer Care Alliance (SCCA) will present at the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) in Chicago, IL May 31 – June 4, 2019.

– Seattle Cancer Care Alliance

Media Alert: Precision Medicine Symposium oo Feature Experts From Across The Nation

Johns Hopkins inHealth, Johns Hopkins Medicine’s precision medicine effort to tailor health care to the needs of individual patients, is convening nearly two dozen experts from across the nation for a one-day research symposium that will explore wa...

Expert Available

– Johns Hopkins Medicine


Microbes on Explanted Pedicle Screws: Possible Cause of Spinal Implant Failure

In this paper, the authors demonstrate a significant association between pedicle screw loosening and the presence of low-virulent pathogens on spinal implants.

– Journal of Neurosurgery

Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, May 28, 2019; Educational grant from the PROIMPLANT Foundation.

Embargo expired on 28-May-2019 at 00:00 ET

Attention: over forties at high risk of harm from alcohol/prescription drug interactions

People who drink alcohol while using medications that interact with it are higher risk of harm from overdose, falls, and traffic accidents. In recent years, there has been a documented increase in alcohol-related adverse drug reactions

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 28-May-2019 at 10:00 ET

Lost in translation: Medium is the message for a healthy heartbeat

Researchers at the Fralin Biomedical Research Institute at VTC have revealed how a genetic message to produce healthy heart tissue is altered in the body during stress and aging to contribute to sudden cardiac death. The discovery published in Cell R...

– Virginia Tech

Cell Reports

Embargo expired on 28-May-2019 at 11:00 ET

Part Two of Research Road Map on Medical Imaging Artificial Intelligence Published in the Journal of the American College of Radiology (JACR)

Today, the Journal of the American College of Radiology (JACR®) published a report detailing real-world artificial intelligence (AI) challenges and summarizing the priorities for translational research in AI for medical imaging to help accelerate th...

– American College of Radiology (ACR)

Journal of the American College of Radiology (JACR®); Radiology (part one)

Embargo expired on 28-May-2019 at 06:00 ET

Association of Team Sports in Adolescence, Adult Mental Health

Participation in team sports as an adolescent was associated with a higher likelihood of some better adult mental health outcomes among individuals with adverse childhood experiences (ACES).

– JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

JAMA Pediatrics

Embargo expired on 28-May-2019 at 11:00 ET

Booze + Pot: Increased risk for college students elevates need for campus prevention

Simultaneous use of alcohol and marijuana is riskier than using either substance alone, because their effects can interact and cause excessive depression of the central nervous system. This can result in more negative consequences such as driving und...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 28-May-2019 at 10:00 ET

Provoking Obsessive Thoughts Leads to Brain Changes in Man with OCD

Thoughts that lead to compulsive behavior in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) correspond with physiological changes in the brain, according to a new case study. The article is published ahead of print in the Journal of Neurophysiology (JNP).

– American Physiological Society (APS)

Journal of Neurophysiology

Researchers Advance Search For Laboratory Test to Predict Spread of Breast Cancer

Researchers at The Johns Hopkins University and other institutions report that a new laboratory test that induces cancer cells to squeeze through narrow spaces has the potential to accurately predict which breast cancers and other solid tumors are li...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Nature Biomedical Engineering; R01-CA183804, R01-CA216855, R01-CA154624, R01-CA174385, K01-CA166576, RP180466, 509800, CA16059, W81XWH-17-1-0246, RSG-18-028-01

New Evidence Supports Surgery For Rare Type of Brain Lymphoma

Through a systematic review of published studies going back 50 years, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers say they have identified a distinct subtype of primary central nervous system (PCNS) lymphoma that should be considered for surgical removal, sug...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

World Neurosurgery

Finding A Cell’s True Identity

Scientists have long sorted cells into different varieties based on their appearance under a microscope or, for differences that are more visually subtle, based on the behavior of a handful of genes. But in a bid to reveal even more distinctive diffe...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Cell Systems; R01EY020560 and U01EY027267, F32EY024201 K99EY027844, R01CA177669, U01CA196390, U01CA212007, P30CA006973, IOS-1656592; 2018-182718, 2018-183445, and 2018-183444

Reading Clinician Visit Notes Can Improve Patients’ Adherence to Medications

A new study of patients reading the visit notes their clinicians write, reports positive effects on their use of prescription medications

– Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Annals of Internal Medicine

New compound which kills antibiotic resistant superbugs discovered

A new compound which visualises and kills antibiotic resistant superbugs has been discovered by scientists at the University of Sheffield and Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL).

– University of Sheffield

ACS Nano

Bariatric Surgery Can be Safe and Effective for Adolescents

Pediatricians are often reluctant to recommend bariatric surgery for teen-agers, but a Rutgers-led study concludes it is a justifiable treatment for adolescents with persistent extreme obesity if they can maintain a healthy lifestyle afterward.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Journal of Pediatrics

Medicare Spending Higher Among Older Adults With Disabilities Who Lack Adequate Support

A new study from researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that more than one in five older adults who were aging in place with a mobility or self-care disability reported experiencing negative consequences such as havi...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Annals of Internal Medicine

In-Hospital Delirium Increases Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction Risk in Older Adults, But Only in the First Month

New research indicates that older patients who develop delirium— an acute attentional deficit that waxes and wanes —right after surgery are more likely to show signs of postoperative cognitive dysfunction one month later

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

American Society of Anesthesiologists

As Plaque Deposits Increase in the Aging Brain, Money Management Falters

Aging adults often show signs of slowing when it comes to managing their finances, such as calculating their change when paying cash or balancing an account ledger. But trouble managing money can also be a harbinger of dementia and, according to new ...

– Duke Health

The Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease; U01 AG024904; W81XWH-12–2–0012


Mayo Clinic的研究人员与国际专家一起在2019年消化疾病周会议(Digestive Disease Week 2019)上发布研究结果,该疾病周是世界上最大的胃肠病学和相关领域的医生、研究人员和行业领导者的聚会。 ...

– Mayo Clinic

Targeting Inflammation to Better Understand Dangerous Blood Clots

Forty percent of people who develop venous thromboembolism don’t know what caused it. New preclinical research further explores inflammation’s role in inciting the clots.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

JCI, May-2019

Clinical Trial Assesses Telephone-Based Care Program for at-Risk Homebound Elderly

Something as simple as a phone call could be a way to alert health care providers and caregivers that an elderly person suffering from dementia may be spiraling down to dangerous self-neglect, according to researchers at The University of Texas Healt...

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

American Journal of Geriatrics

Fred Hutch at ASCO: HPV vaccine uptake in U.S., immunotherapy and sarcoma, financial toxicity of cancer, health care disparities and more


– Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center


De-TOXing exhausted T cells may bolster CAR T immunotherapy against solid tumors

A decade ago researchers announced development of a cancer immunotherapy called CAR (for chimeric antigen receptor)-T, in which a patient is re-infused with their own genetically modified T cells equipped to mount a potent anti-tumor attack.

– La Jolla Institute for Immunology

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS); AI109842; AI040127; AI108651; AI140095; GM007752; S10OD016262; S10 RR027366

Embargo expired on 27-May-2019 at 15:00 ET

Could gold be the key to making gene therapy for HIV, blood disorders more accessible?

Scientists at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center took a step toward making gene therapy more practical by simplifying the way gene-editing instructions are delivered to cells. Using a gold nanoparticle instead of an inactivated virus, they safely...

– Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Nature Materials

Embargo expired on 27-May-2019 at 11:00 ET

MedWire Announcements

Clinical Research Pathways Taps Emory Physician for Board of Directors

Clinical Research Pathways, a non-profit that advocates for increasing diversity in clinical research and expanding access to experimental drugs, biologics and medical devices, has added a new member to its board of directors.

– Clinical Research Pathways

Johns Hopkins Technology That Integrates Earlier Cancer Detection Into Routine Medical Care Receives Record Venture Investment

A pioneering blood test developed by Johns Hopkins researchers that incorporates earlier cancer detection into routine medical care will be developed by a new company that has raised the largest outside investment ever by a licensee of a Johns Hopkin...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Names 2019-2020 Board of Directors

Nineteen national leaders in nutrition, health and business will serve as the 2019-2020 Board of Directors of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

– Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

Terri J. Raymond Becomes 2019-2020 President of Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

Registered dietitian nutritionist Terri J. Raymond will begin her one-year term on June 1 as the 2019-2020 President of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

– Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

NIH awards $35 million grant to establish global Consortium to develop treatments for Ebola, Lassa and other viral threats

La Jolla Institute Professor Erica Ollmann Saphire, Ph.D., will lead a five-year global effort totaling up to $35 million that brings together experts from around the world to streamline and accelerate the development of immunotherapeutics against em...

– La Jolla Institute for Immunology


Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 00:05 ET

Mount Sinai accelerates data-driven discovery and patient care with new Chief Data Officer role

Andrew Kasarskis, PhD, an internationally recognized expert in biomedical data, has been named Executive Vice President and Chief Data Officer (CDO) of the Mount Sinai Health System.

– Mount Sinai Health System

includes video

$9.5 million aimed at detecting autism earlier in childhood

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis are leading a multicenter team conducting research to evaluate whether brain imaging might help reveal risk for autism spectrum disorder in early infancy. Previous research suggest...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Ebola Crisis in DRC Demands Immediate, Ongoing Investments

The Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s North Kivu province remains uncontrolled despite heroic efforts on the part of international and local responders. The spread of the disease continues to pose imminent risks of cross-border t...

– Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the HIV Medicine Association (HIVMA)

Renowned Urologic Oncologist Selected to Lead Urology Bladder Cancer Program at NYU Langone Health

Gary D. Steinberg, MD , a nationally recognized specialist in the surgical management of bladder cancer, has been named director of the Goldstein Urology Bladder Cancer Program at NYU Langone Health. His recruitment enhances the team of clinicians a...

– NYU Langone Health

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Names New National Spokespeople for 2019-2022

The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, the world’s largest organization of food and nutrition professionals, has appointed four registered dietitian nutritionists to three-year terms as media spokespeople and reappointed six spokespeople to anothe...

– Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

RNCB Announces CRRN Certification Advocacy Award

During the first quarter of this year, the Rehabilitation Nursing Certification Board (RNCB) announced the RNCB Advocacy Award.

– Association of Rehabilitation Nurses

Van Andel Research Institute’s Dr. Juan Du named McKnight Scholar

The McKnight Foundation has awarded Van Andel Research Institute’s (VARI) Juan Du, Ph.D., a three-year, $225,000 Scholar Award to uncover the innerworkings of the body’s intricate and poorly understood temperature regulation system, the first ste...

– Van Andel Research Institute

The Mount Sinai Hospital Awarded Highest Quality Rating for Adult Cardiac Valve Surgery

Mount Sinai’s Cardiac Surgeon-in-Chief also receives top rating

– Mount Sinai Health System

MedWire Higher Education Events

Polly’s Run in 10th Year of Fight Against Pancreatic Cancer

The 10th Anniversary of Polly’s Run, the largest fundraiser for pancreatic cancer in New Mexico, will take place Sunday, June 2, at Tiguex Park near Albuquerque’s Old Town. All proceeds benefit the Polly Rogers Pancreatic Cancer Research Fund at ...

– University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center

Embargo expired on 28-May-2019 at 07:05 ET





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