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Thursday, November 1, 2018

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 01-Nov-2018

Climate Change News and Experts for Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.

What Happened in the Past When the Climate Changed?

New computer model shows for the first time how the changing climate in Asia, from 5,000 to 1,000 years ago, transformed people’s ability to produce food in particular places. Simulating the probability of crop failures enables the co-authors to ge...

– University of California San Diego

Science Advances

Embargo expired on 31-Oct-2018 at 14:00 ET

A Wilderness “Horror Story”

Producing the first comprehensive fine-scale map of the world’s remaining marine and terrestrial wild places, conservation scientists writing in the journal Nature say that just 23 percent of the world’s landmass can now be considered wilderness....

– Wildlife Conservation Society


Embargo expired on 31-Oct-2018 at 14:00 ET

Fertilizers’ Impact on Soil Health Compared

In a newly published study, researchers dug into how fertilizing with manure affects soil quality, compared with inorganic fertilizer.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Soil Science Society of America, Sept. 13, 2018

New Model Improves Thermal Models Tying Metamorphic Rocks to Subduction Zones

The temperatures associated with the earth’s subduction zones have been historically miscalculated, which has major implications for our understanding of how the planet’s deadliest earthquakes and volcanic arcs are generated.

– Boise State University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

UF/IFAS Research Suggests Improved Erosion Control May Help Reduce Nitrogen Inputs to Australia's Great Barrier Reef

The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest coral reef and one of Australia's top tourist destinations, but its coral colonies have been dying at a startling rate in recent years and scientists believe that high levels of nitrogen in reef waters ...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Scientific Reports

Drought Fighters in the Dirt

Researchers have found a natural way to help plants retain water, using a strain of beneficial bacteria living right in the soil around the plant roots. The goal is to use this microbe on a larger scale to combat droughts and increase crop yields.

– University of Delaware

Water Resources Research

Help FeederWatch Survey the Health & Behavior of Backyard Birds

For more than 30 years, people who feed wild birds have been reporting their observations to Project FeederWatch at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. FeederWatch participants turn their hobby of feeding birds–a hobby more than 50-million strong in No...

– Cornell University

Time travel with bat guano

A favorite Halloween symbol leaves behind clues to what a tropical landscape looked like thousands of years ago. With support from the Living Earth Collaborative, postdoctoral scholar Rachel Reid of Washington University in St. Louis digs in.

– Washington University in St. Louis

Improving Climate Models to Account for Plant Behavior Yields ‘Goodish’ News

Climate scientists have not been properly accounting for what plants do at night, and that, it turns out, is a mistake. A new study from the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has found that plant nutrient u...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Climate Change

Embargo expired on 29-Oct-2018 at 09:00 ET

NSU Researcher Part of Team That Conducted Genome-Wide Study of Tigers

Study brings important context and conclusions to recovery and management strategies for a treasured endangered species, and included subspecies, at high extinction risk.

– Nova Southeastern University

Current Biology (October 25, 2018)

Plant-based ‘Road Salt’ Good for Highways but Not for Insects

Beet juice deicer, a natural alternative to road salt that is considered to be an eco-friendlier winter road management solution, may not be ecologically friendly to nearby aquatic species. The findings—the first to explore the physiological effect...

– American Physiological Society (APS)

APS Comparative Physiology: Complexity & Integration

‘Majority Rules’ When Looking for Earthquakes, Explosions

A dormant volcano in Antarctica helped researchers at Sandia National Laboratories improve sensor data readings to better detect earthquakes and explosions and tune out everyday sounds such as traffic and footsteps. Finding the ideal settings for eac...

– Sandia National Laboratories

Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America

Study Finds Mountain Birds Are On an Escalator to Extinction

Warmer temperatures are pushing mountain-dwelling birds ever higher as they try to stay in their comfort zone. That's the conclusion of a group of scientists who retraced the steps of a 1985 expedition in the Peruvian Andes and documented how birds h...

– Cornell University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Most Americans underestimate minorities’ environmental concerns — even minorities

A new study shows most Americans underestimate just how concerned minorities and lower-income people are about environmental threats, including members of those groups.

– Cornell University

Modelling a Future Fuelled by Sustainable Energy

University of Adelaide economists have modelled the transition from a world powered by fossil fuels to one in which sustainable sources supply all our energy needs.

– University of Adelaide

Economic Modelling

U-M Researchers Part of National Effort to Protect Freshwater Lakes From Toxic Algal Blooms

University of Michigan researchers are part of a new, federally funded effort to understand and prevent toxic algal blooms that plague portions of the Great Lakes and impact freshwater sources around the world.

– University of Michigan

Machine Learning to Help Optimize Traffic and Reduce Pollution

Applying artificial intelligence to self-driving cars to smooth traffic, reduce fuel consumption, and improve air quality predictions may sound like the stuff of science fiction, but researchers at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley Natio...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

News Center Improving Climate Models to Account for Plant Behavior Yields ‘Goodish’ News

Celebrating California State University's Women Leaders

For the first time in the CSU system’s nearly six decade history, a majority of women currently lead as campus presidents.

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

Climate Change a Threat to Even the Most Tolerant Oysters

Climate change-associated severe weather events may cause flooding that threatens the survival of the Olympia oyster, new research suggests. The findings will be presented today at the American Physiological Society’s (APS) Comparative Physiology: ...

– American Physiological Society (APS)

APS Comparative Physiology: Complexity & Integration

Embargo expired on 27-Oct-2018 at 10:00 ET

A Tale of Two Fishes: Researchers Observe How Canadian and Californian Rainbow Trout Populations Respond to Higher Temps

Natural variation may help decide which rainbow trout strains are likely to survive worldwide global warming, according to a new study. The findings will be presented today at the American Physiological Society’s (APS) Comparative Physiology: Compl...

– American Physiological Society (APS)

APS Comparative Physiology: Complexity & Integration

Embargo expired on 26-Oct-2018 at 17:00 ET

PHOTO RELEASE: New York’s Offshore Waters Home to Whales & Other Marine Species

WCS marine scientists surveying the waters of New York Bight for marine mammals and other species are enjoying a banner year, encountering a wide array of marine life in the waters just beyond—and sometimes in sight of—New York City.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Policy and Public Affairs

WCS Commits to Protecting Coral Reefs at Our Ocean Conference in Bali, Indonesia

WCS President and CEO Dr. Cristián Samper issued the following statement on the announcement of more than $185 million in new support from Michael Bloomberg and Ray Dalio’s OceanX to increase ocean exploration and protection at the Our Ocean Confe...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Expert Pitch

A Planet Unsuitable for Wildlife Is a Planet Unfit for People

– Cornell University

Energy Expert: Nature Climate Change Paper on Cryptocurrencies Is ‘Fundamentally Flawed’

– Northwestern University





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