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Newswise Special Wire
Saturday, December 21, 2019

Public edition |

Newswise Weekend Edition Wire for 21-Dec-2019

***Newswise Weekend Edition***

The Weekend Edition is a collection of interesting, exceptional articles you may have missed from the week. Articles are chosen by the editorial team at Newswise.

To view more staff-selected articles, go here.

Medical News

Acid Reflux Affects Nearly a Third of U.S. Adults Weekly

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a digestive disorder that causes hearburn and other uncomfortable symptoms, may affect nearly a third of U.S. adults each week, and most of those who take certain popular medications for it still have symptoms,...

– Cedars-Sinai

Gastroenterology, Dec. 19, 2019

Embargo expired on 19-Dec-2019 at 10:00 ET

Paper-based test could diagnose Lyme disease at early stages

Researchers reporting in ACS Nano have devised a blood test that quickly and sensitively diagnoses the disease at early stages.

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

ACS Nano

Embargo expired on 18-Dec-2019 at 08:00 ET

Pregnancy Hypertension Risk Increased by Traffic-Related Air Pollution

A new report from the National Toxicology Program (NTP) suggests that traffic-related air pollution increases a pregnant woman’s risk for dangerous increases in blood pressure, known as hypertension.

– National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Embargo expired on 18-Dec-2019 at 10:00 ET

Intermittent Fasting: Live ‘Fast,’ Live longer?

Intermittent fasting has become one of the most popular health and fitness trends over the past 20 years, with promises of weight loss, increased energy and longer life.

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

The New England Journal of Medicine

Number of Youth Who Start Vaping at 14 or Before Has Tripled

The number of e-cigarette users who began vaping at age 14 or younger has more than tripled in the last five years, say University of Michigan researchers.

– University of Michigan

American Journal of Public Health

New Research Shows E-Cigarette Vape Increases Harmful Lung Bacteria

Researchers from Queen’s University Belfast have discovered that bacteria often found in the lungs became more harmful and caused increased inflammation when they were exposed to e-cigarette vape.

– Queen's University Belfast

Respiratory Research

Strongest Link Yet Between Nitrites and Cancer - but ‘Not All Processed Meat Has Same Risk’

Researchers from Queen’s University Belfast have questioned the World Health Organisation’s blanket classification of processed meat as carcinogenic after finding significant evidence gaps between processed meat treated with nitrites and nitrite-...

– Queen's University Belfast


New Tool Could Help Families Check on Older Loved Ones Over the Holidays

A new study shows a tool developed by Rutgers University’s Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research is able to accurately predict whether older adults living in the community might be neglecting themselves.

– Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research at Rutgers University

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

New research shows domestic animals link virus spread among humans and wildlife

Our domesticated animals - both pets and livestock - hold the key to the spread of viruses among humans and wildlife according to new research involving Swansea University.

– Swansea University

Global Ecology and Biogeography

People in Peru Are Being Exposed to Potentially Dangerous Levels of Mercury

People living in the southern Peruvian Amazon are being exposed to potentially dangerous levels of mercury due to a combination of their diet and artisanal and small-scale gold mining occurring in their communities.

– University at Albany, State University of New York

Environmental Research

Eating Too Much — Not Exercising Too Little — May Be at Core of Weight Gain, Study of Amazonian Children Finds

Forager-horticulturalist children in the Amazon rainforest do not spend more calories in their everyday lives than children in the United States, but they do spend calories differently. That finding provides clues for understanding and reversing glob...

– Baylor University

Science Advances

Study: Marijuana Use in E-Cigarettes Increases Among Youth

A study published today online in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) found marijuana use in electronic cigarettes has been increasing among U.S. middle and high school students from 2017 to 2018.

– University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC)


Here’s a Bitter Pill to Swallow: Artificial Sweeteners May Be Doing More Harm Than Good

A $2.2 billion industry to help people lose weight through artificial sweeteners may be contributing to type 2 diabetes, according to researchers from the University of South Australia.

– University of South Australia

Current Atherosclerosis Reports

New Fitness Trends to Help You Achieve 2020 Health Goals

American College of Sports Medicine’s annual fitness trend forecast offers tips to meet 2020 fitness goals...and potentially spark ideas for last-minute holiday gifts.

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

Science News

Turning Light Energy into Heat to Fight Disease

An emerging technology involving tiny particles that absorb light and turn it into localized heat sources shows great promise in several fields, including medicine. This heating must be carefully controlled however, since living tissue is delicate, a...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

APL Photonics, Dec. 17, 2019

Embargo expired on 17-Dec-2019 at 11:00 ET

'Cotton Candy' Planet Mysteries Unravel in New Hubble Observations

Astronomers using Hubble have studied a unique class of young, migratory exoplanets that have the density of cotton candy. Nothing like them exists in our solar system. They orbit the star Kepler 51, located 2,600 light-years away. Hubble spectroscop...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Yes, Even Wild Tigers Struggle with Work/Life Balance

A new study by a team of Russian and American scientists revealed the first-ever detailed analysis of a tigress from the birth of her cubs through their first four months.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Mammal Research

Greenland ice loss is at ‘worse-case scenario’ levels, study finds

Irvine, Calif., Dec. 19, 2019 – Greenland is losing ice mass seven times faster than in the 1990s, a pace that matches the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s high-end warming scenario – in which 400 million people would be exposed to c...

– University of California, Irvine

Nature, Dec. 2019

Submarine cables to offshore wind farms transformed into a seismic network

An international team of geoscientists led by Caltech has used fiber optic communications cables stationed at the bottom of the North Sea as a giant seismic network, tracking both earthquakes and ocean waves.

– California Institute of Technology

Nature Communications

New Space Image Reveals a Cosmic 'Candy Cane'

Deep in our Milky Way galaxy’s center, a candy cane emerges as the centerpiece of a new, colorful composite image from a NASA camera, just in time for the holidays.

– Johns Hopkins University

The Astrophysical Journal, Nov-2019; The Astrophysical Journal, Nov-2019

Fossils of the Future to Mostly Consist of Humans, Domestic Animals

In a co-authored paper published online in the journal Anthropocene, University of Illinois at Chicago paleontologist Roy Plotnick argues that the fossil record of mammals will provide a clear signal of the Anthropocene era.

– University of Illinois at Chicago


Switching Cereals in India for Improved Nutrition, Sustainability

A new study offers India a pathway to improve nutrition, climate resilience and the environment by diversifying its crop production. And it also offers global insights into the need to consider sustainable approaches to agriculture.

– University of Delaware

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

75 Million-Year-Old Sea Turtle Fossil Discovery Is a New Genus and Species That Sheds Light on the Evolution of Its Modern Relatives

Scientists are racing to determine which genealogy most accurately represents the evolutionary history of sea turtles — a challenging proposition.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Royal Society Open Science, Dec. 2019

Online Hate Speech Could Be Contained Like a Computer Virus, Say Researchers

The spread of hate speech via social media could be tackled using the same "quarantine" approach deployed to combat malicious software, according to University of Cambridge researchers.

– University of Cambridge

Ethics and Information Technology

Email users should have 'more control' over post-mortem message transmission

Email users should have far more control over the transmission of their messages upon death, a new study suggests.

– Aston University

Death Studies

Image Release: Distant Milky Way-like Galaxies Reveal Star Formation History of the Universe

Thousands of galaxies are visible in this radio image of an area in the Southern Sky, made with the MeerKAT telescope. The numerous faint dots are distant galaxies like our own Milky Way, that have never been observed in radio light before.

– National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Astrophysical Journal

Neuroscientists reveal the basis of confirmation bias

Neuroscientists at Virginia Tech, University College London, and the University of London revealed brain mechanisms that underlie confirmation bias — a phenomenon where people strongly favor information that reinforces existing opinions over contra...

– Virginia Tech

Nature Neuroscience

Slime Santa beard likes hot peppers

A slime Santa beard has been made by Ian Hands-Portman at the University of Warwick using slime molds, a myxomycete which is a single giant cell with multiple nuclei that lives in dark damp places and likes to feed off bacteria and fungi and things t...

– University of Warwick

Visualizing 2020: Trends to Watch

CFR experts spotlight some of the most important trends they will be tracking in the year ahead.

Expert Available

– Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

Edward Alden, Paul J. Angelo, Michelle Gavin, Bruce Hoffman, Amy M. Jaffe, Adam Segal, and Sheila A. Smith, December 12, 2019.

What are the top cybersecurity threats and trends you should watch out for in 2020?

– Tulane University

Spending to save: What will it cost to halt Australia's extinction crisis?

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Conservation Letters

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Stability at the top, growing opposition to Bloomberg, Steyer

The top tier of Democratic presidential candidates remains relatively unchanged in the latest Iowa State University/Civiqs poll, and the second tier candidates show no signs of a breakthrough.

– Iowa State University

Iowa State University/Civiqs poll

Post-9/11 wars may have killed twice as many Americans at home as in battle: Analysis

An analysis by a Vanderbilt economist who specializes in the valuation of fatality risks finds that the post-9/11 wars may have resulted in more than twice as many indirect deaths back home as were lost in battle, due to the diversion of war costs fr...

– Vanderbilt University

Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy. 2019; 20190004

The Surprising History of Christmas Traditions

Did you know yuletide caroling began 1,000 years before Christmas existed? Or how about the fact that mistletoe was hung from doorways to ward off evil spirits? And before there was eggnog, the medieval English drank wassail made from mulled ale and ...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Business News

Air Travel Reduces Local Investment Bias, Benefits Investors and Firms, Study Shows

Easy access to air travel has not only flattened the world, it also has flattened the bias toward investing locally, according to new research from the University of Notre Dame.

– University of Notre Dame

Investment in a Smaller World: The Implications of Air Travel for Investors and Firms





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