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Newswise Daily Wire
Wednesday, October 11, 2017

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Medical News

Study Shows Epidurals Don’t Slow Labor

Research led by scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) demonstrated that epidural medication had no effect on the duration of the second stage of labor, normal vaginal delivery rate, incidence of episiotomy, the position of the fe...

– Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Obstetrics & Gynecology

Embargo expired on 10-Oct-2017 at 17:00 ET

How Fever in Early Pregnancy Causes Heart, Facial Birth Defects

Researchers have known for decades that fevers in the first trimester of pregnancy increase risk for some heart defects and facial deformities such as cleft lip or palate. Exactly how this happens is unclear. Duke researchers now have evidence in...

– Duke Health

Science Signaling; 16GRNT30980012, NIMH R01MH096979, NHLBI R21HL122759, NIBIB P41EB015897, K12HD043494, T32HD043728

Embargo expired on 10-Oct-2017 at 14:00 ET

includes video

Biomarkers of Low Ovarian Reserve May Not Predict Fertility as Previously Thought

UNC-Chapel Hill has a new study in JAMA that challenges long-held practices of testing AMH and FSH levels to predict reproductive potential.

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Journal of the American Medical Association

Embargo expired on 10-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET

Moffitt Researchers Discover New Targets for Approved Cancer Drug

TAMPA, Fla. (Oct. 10, 2017) – Developing new drugs to treat cancer can be a painstaking process taking over a decade from start to Food and Drug Administration approval. Scientists are trying to develop innovative strategies to identify and test ne...

– Moffitt Cancer Center

Nature Chemical Biology; R01 CA181746; F99 CA212456; P50 CA119997; P30 CA076292

Embargo expired on 10-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET

Johns Hopkins Faculty to Speak at The Congress of Neurological Surgeons Meeting

Faculty members speak at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) Meeting in Boston.

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

The Congress of Neurological Surgeons Meeting

Embargo expired on 10-Oct-2017 at 18:15 ET

Hispanic Children in Immigrant Families Exposed to Fewer Adverse Experiences Than Those in U.S.-Native Families, New Study Finds

A new study of national survey information gathered on more than 12,000 Hispanic children from immigrant and U.S.-native families found that although they experience more poverty, those from immigrant families reported fewer exposures to such adverse...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Pediatrics; HRSATOBHP28574

Study Shows High Rate of Chronic Pain in Homeless Older Adults

Almost half of older homeless adults are believed to suffer from longstanding chronic pain, mostly associated with post-traumatic stress syndrome, arthritis and physical abuse, according to research reported in The Journal of Pain, published by the A...

– American Pain Society

The Journal of Pain

World's "Better" Countries Have Higher Rates of Cancer

The world's "better" countries, with greater access to healthcare, experience much higher rates of cancer incidence than the world's "worse off" countries, according to new research from the University of Adelaide.

– University of Adelaide

Evolutionary Applications

Areas of Glioblastoma Tumors Correlate with Separate Subtypes of Glioma Stem Cells, Respond Better to Combination Treatment

Study in journal Nature Medicine demonstrates, for the first time, that glioblastoma (GBM) is driven by two distinct subsets of cancer stem cells. Moreover, each subtype of glioma stem cells is driven by distinct transcriptional programs for growth ...

– University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center

Nature Medicine

State Laws Requiring Autism Coverage by Private Insurers Led to Increases in Autism Care

A new study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has found that the enactment of state laws mandating coverage of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was followed by sizeable increases in insurer-covered ASD care and a...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

National Institute of Mental Health (R01MH096848); Health Affairs

Children with ADHD Likely to Have Touch-Processing Abnormalities

Children with attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) are likely to also have trouble with touch (tactile) processing. A new study finds that children with ADHD fare worse on several tests of tactile functioning, including reaction time and det...

– American Physiological Society (APS)

Journal of Neurophysiology

Physician’s Near-Death Patient Experience Chronicled in Memoir, Inspired Campaign to Boost More Effective Communication

A Henry Ford Hospital physician whose near-death patient experience inspired an organizational campaign to help health professionals communicate more effectively with patients has chronicled her story in a captivating memoir.

– Henry Ford Health System

includes video

Better ‘Mini Brains’ Could Help Scientists Identify Treatments for Zika-Related Brain Damage

UCLA researchers have developed an improved technique for creating simplified human brain tissue from stem cells. Because these so-called “mini brain organoids” mimic human brains in how they grow and develop, they’re vital to studying complex ...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Cell Reports

Bright Light Therapy at Midday Helped Patients with Bipolar Disorder

CHICAGO - Daily exposure to bright white light at midday significantly decreased symptoms of depression and increased functioning in people with bipolar disorder, a recent Northwestern Medicine study found.

– Northwestern University

American Journal of Psychiatry

Hibernating Ribosomes Help Bacteria Survive

In the second of two high-profile articles published in recent weeks, SLU scientist Mee-Ngan F. Yap, Ph.D, continues to uncover the secrets of how ribosomes hibernate under stressful conditions.

– Saint Louis University Medical Center

Nature Communications

Intermountain Healthcare Researchers Launch Major Three-Year Genomics Breast Cancer Study

Goal of new Intermountain Healthcare genomics study is to show whether screening patients for the presence of circulating tumor DNA, known as ctDNA, can successfully detect breast cancer using a blood draw.

– Intermountain Medical Center

New NIH grant Will Study Alcohol’s Effects on the Nervous System

Michigan Technological University is leading a $1.8 million National Institutes of Health (NIH) study to understand alcohol’s effects on sleep, blood pressure and brain activity

– Michigan Technological University


How to Treat a First-Degree, Minor Burn

According to dermatologists from the American Academy of Dermatology, first-degree burns are very common and frequently occur after one accidentally touches a hot stove, curling iron or hair straightener. Sunburn can also be a first-degree burn. Unli...

– American Academy of Dermatology

includes video

Johns Hopkins Surgeons Perform First Real-Time Image Guided Spine Surgery

Surgeons at The Johns Hopkins Hospital have for the first time used a real-time, image-guided robot to insert screws into a patient’s spine. With last week’s surgery, Johns Hopkins joins the growing number of hospitals in the United States that o...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Does Chronic Inflammation Contribute to PCOS?

The University of Illinois at Chicago has received a $3 million federal grant to study the effects of inflammation on polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS. The study, funded by the National Institutes of Health, will look at the role of inflammation in...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Powered by Chemo: Patient with Advanced Pancreatic Cancer Tackles Ironman Triathlon

Despite a diagnosis of stage IV pancreatic cancer and ongoing chemotherapy, Mike Levine boarded a plane this past weekend destined for Kona, Hawaii, where he will compete in one of the most grueling of physical competitions: the Ironman World Champio...

– University of California San Diego Health

includes video

Moffitt Cancer Center HPV Expert Kicked Off EUROGIN Conference

Anna Giuliano, Ph.D., director of Moffitt Cancer Center’s Center for Infection Research in Cancer, delivered the opening keynote address at the 2017 European Research Organization on Genital Infection and Neoplasia (EUROGIN) International Multidisc...

Expert Available

– Moffitt Cancer Center

Clean Power Plan Repeal is Irresponsible in the Face of Scientific Evidence: ATS

“The decision to repeal the Clean Power Plan flies in the face of scientific evidence of the dangers air pollution poses to public health, and we cannot keep silent on this,” said George Thurston, ScD, chair of the ATS Environmental Health Policy...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

Jamey Marth Honored for Research Linking Glycans to Diabetes, Lupus, Sepsis

Jamey Marth, Ph.D., professor at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP), is the 2017 recipient of the Society for Glycobiology’s Karl Meyer Award. The international award is given to well-established scientists with currently acti...

– Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

SUNY Downstate Awarded $10 Million from National Institutes of Health

SUNY Downstate Medical Center has been awarded a $10 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to form a translational health disparities research program, with a focus on recruiting and training underrepresented minority scientists....

– SUNY Downstate Medical Center

Dr. Carl June, Sens. Blount and Casey to Receive AACI Awards

The 2017 AACI Distinguished Scientist Award will be presented to Carl H. June, MD, and U.S. Senators Roy Blunt (R-MO) and Bob Casey (D-PA) will receive the 2017 AACI Public Service Award at the Association of American Cancer Institutes’ annual meet...

– Association of American Cancer Institutes (AACI)

New Health Equity Research Center Established at UIC

Called the Center for Health Equity Research, or CHER, the new UIC center will investigate how various social structures and determinants contribute to the health of marginalized groups.

– University of Illinois at Chicago

UNM Women’s Cancer Panel to Talk about Ending HPV Cancers

An expert panel on women’s cancers and human papillomavirus (HPV) will assemble at UNM Comprehensive Cancer Center on October 20, 2017. The panel features Shobha S. Krishnan, MD, FAAFP, Carolyn Y. Muller, MD, FACOG, and Cosette M. Wheeler, PhD

– University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center

Science News

Scientists Develop Machine-Learning Method to Predict the Behavior of Molecules

An international, interdisciplinary research team of scientists has come up with a machine-learning method that predicts molecular behavior, a breakthrough that can aid in the development of pharmaceuticals and the design of new molecules that can be...

– New York University

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 11-Oct-2017 at 05:00 ET

Researchers Identify Gene to Help Hybrid Wheat Breeding

Australian researchers at the University of Adelaide have identified a naturally occurring wheat gene that, when turned off, eliminates self-pollination but still allows cross-pollination – opening the way for breeding high-yielding hybrid wheats. ...

– University of Adelaide

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 11-Oct-2017 at 05:00 ET

Grazing Horses on Better Pastures

Horses in less temperate zones may get some extra grazing. A new study shows warm-season annual grasses have good potential for use in horse pastures.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Agronomy Journal, August 10, 2017

Embargo expired on 11-Oct-2017 at 09:00 ET

Spin-Current Generation Gets Mid-IR Boost with Plasmonic Metamaterial

Researchers have begun to use metamaterials, engineered composites that have unique properties not found in nature, to enhance the absorption rates of plasmonic absorbers, and a team in Japan used a trilayered metamaterial to develop a wavelength-sel...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

APL Photonics

Embargo expired on 10-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET

Probing Exotic Ices

When frozen under extreme pressures and temperatures, ice takes on a range of complex crystalline structures. Many of the properties and behaviors of these exotic ices remain mysterious, but researchers recently analyzed how water molecules interact ...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Journal of Chemical Physics

Embargo expired on 10-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET

Star Tortoise Makes Meteoric Comeback

The Burmese star tortoise (Geochelone platynota), a medium-sized tortoise found only in Myanmar’s central dry zone, has been brought back from the brink of extinction thanks to an aggressive captive-breeding effort spearheaded by a team of conserva...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Herpetological Review

includes video

OLYMPUS Experiment Sheds Light on Inner Workings of Protons

Seven-year study explains how packets of light are exchanged when protons meet electrons.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physical Review Letters 118, 092501 (2017). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.092501]

Precise Radioactivity Measurements: A Controversy Settled

Simultaneous measurements of x-rays and gamma rays emitted in radioactive nuclear decays show that the vacancy left by an electron’s departure, not the atomic structure, influences whether gamma rays are released.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physical Review C 95, 034325 (2017). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.95.034325]

Sharing of Science Is Most Likely Among Male Scientists

Even though science is becoming increasingly competitive, scientists are still very willing to share their work with colleagues. This is especially true for male scientists among each other and less so for females among each other or between the sexe...

– University of Vienna

Scientific Reports

Forget About It

Inspired by human forgetfulness – how our brains discard unnecessary data to make room for new information — scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, in collaboration with Brookhaven National Laboratory a...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Nature Communications, Aug-2017

Effort to Create Mouse That More Closely Mirrors Human Alzheimer’s Wins Federal Grant

A proposal to humanize several mouse genes for research into Alzheimer’s disease has spurred the National Institute on Aging to award $11.35 million to the University of California, Irvine.

– University of California, Irvine

When the Brain’s Wiring Breaks

During head injury, a common problem is damage to axons – long stalks that grow out of the bodies of neurons. After a strong jolt to the head, axons can break or swiftly degenerate. UNC’s Anne Taylor and colleagues have revealed new molecular det...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Nature Communications

NIH-Funded Researchers Develop Metal-Free MRI Contrast Agent

Researchers have developed a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent with safe-to-use, metal-free compounds. The organic nanoparticles illuminated tumor tissue in mice just as well as metal-based contrast agents

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

ACS Cent Sci, Jul-2017; EB018529, EB019950

New Study Is a Step Toward Creating Planes That Travel at Hypersonic Speed

A recent study by researchers at NASA and Binghamton University, State University of New York, could lead to a drastic decrease in flight times. The study, funded in part by the U.S. Air Force, is one of the first steps toward the creation of planes ...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Scientific Reports, Sept-2017

Solar-Powered Devices Made of Wood Could Help Mitigate Water Scarcity Crisis

Energy from the sun and a block of wood smaller than an adult’s hand are the only components needed to heat water to its steaming point in these purifying devices.

– Maryland NanoCenter

Advanced Materials

Timber Bridges Viable Option for Local Roads

Structural testing of a glulam timber girder bridge confirmed that they are viable, cost-effective options for replacing bridges on low-traffic county and township road.

– South Dakota State University

includes video

Climate Change Predicted to Reduce Size, Stature of Dominant Midwest Plant, Collaborative Study Finds

Kansas State University researchers are involved in a study that found climate change may reduce the growth and stature of big bluestem — a dominant prairie grass and a major forage grass for cattle.

– Kansas State University

Global Change Biology, DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13666

A Complex Little Alga that Lives by the Sea

The genetic material of Porphyra umbilicalis reveals the mechanisms by which it thrives in the stressful intertidal zone at the edge of the ocean.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

PNAS 114(31), E6361-6370(2017). [DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1703088114]

Northwestern Solar Home Shows Off in Prime Time

Now midway through the competition portion of the 2017 Solar Decathlon, Northwestern is currently in sixth place (out of 11 teams). For scores and standings, visit the Solar Decathlon website (

– Northwestern University

National Science Foundation Funds Multi-Institutional Project to Improve Harvests of One of the Most Important Crops in U.S. Agriculture

The collaborative project brings together expertise in molecular genetics, developmental genomics and statistics to meet the food and fuel demands of a growing population.

– Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

St. Mary’s College Students Raise $14K and Collect 9,816 Non-perishable Items for Hurricane Harvey Disaster Relief

St. Mary’s College of Maryland students led by the Student Government Association collected nearly $14,000 in monetary donations and 9,816 non-perishable items currently being distributed by the Pasadena Independent School District in southeastern ...

– St. Mary's College of Maryland

Researcher Receives NIH Grant to Study Biomarkers of Variation in Brain Regions Important to Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Associate Scientist Melanie Carless, Ph.D., has been funded by the National Institute of Mental Health to identify microRNA biomarkers in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid that are associated with changes in the brain correlated to neuropsychiatric d...

– Texas Biomedical Research Institute


Lifestyle & Social Sciences

‘Resilience’ to Adversity Determines if a Child Survives or Thrives When Bullied

Why is it that some children are devastated by bullying while others are not? Is there is a major personal characteristic or trait that buffers and protects them against internalizing the harm intended through bullying and cyberbullying? The answer i...

– Florida Atlantic University

Child Abuse & Neglect

Prevention Model Poised to Combat Opioid Misuse, Other Health Challenges

Youth show lower rates of substance misuse, including prescription opioid misuse, well after high school graduation if they have participated in prevention programs that follow the PROSPER model developed at Iowa State University.

– Iowa State University

Psychological Medicine

Anticipated Social Media Buzz Can Drive Tourism

How much positive feedback travelers think they’ll get on social media can predict whether they intend to visit a tourism destination, a new University of Georgia study has found.

– University of Georgia

Tourism Management

Homicide Is the Largest Contributor to Years of Lost Life Among Black Americans

Homicide is the largest contributor to potential years of life lost among black Americans, according to a study published Oct. 10 in PLOS ONE and conducted by researchers at the Indiana University School of Public Health-Bloomington.

– Indiana University


New Software Makes Educational Materials More Accessible in Developing Nations

Developers and educators at UAB have developed a solution to meet the challenges of getting educational resources to underserved populations by providing software and hardware programs to better train students in Ethiopia and Zambia.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Danaher Executive Vice President Shares 10 Leadership Skills for General Managers at UVA Darden

At a recent Leadership Speaker Series event at the University of Virginia Darden School of Business, the executive vice president of Danaher and Darden alum William Daniell II recounted his own path to general management whilst offering students key ...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

includes video

NYU’s Carter Journalism Institute Launches “First Amendment Watch” to Highlight, Analyze Threats to Freedom of Expression

NYU's Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute has launched First Amendment Watch —an online resource that goes beyond the headlines to provide much-needed coverage and context to the debate over freedom of expression.

– New York University

ELNEC Celebrates 200th National/International Course

On September 27-28, the End-of-Life Nursing Education Consortium (ELNEC), a partnership between the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) and City of Hope, celebrated its 200th course in Minneapolis, MN. Since its inception in 2000, ELN...

– American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN)

UVA Investing Conference to Explore How Asset Management Is Changing

The University of Virginia Darden School of Business’ Richard A. Mayo Center for Asset Management will host the 10th annual University of Virginia Investing Conference (UVIC) 9–10 November 2017.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

University of Virginia Investing Conference (UVIC) 9–10 November 2017

UWM Institute Receives Grant for American Indian Education

A major grant to the Electa Quinney Institute at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee will help increase the number of American Indian teachers and school administrators.

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Indian Education Professional Development-84.299B

Northwestern Launches Center for the Study of Diversity and Democracy

A new academic center at Northwestern University aims to foster research, dialogue and analysis regarding the ways in which democracy, diversity and politics interact in the United States and in nations around the globe.

– Northwestern University

American Psychological Association Names First Chief Communications Officer

Alicia C. Aebersold has been named chief communications officer of the American Psychological Association, the first person to hold this position, according to CEO Arthur C. Evans Jr., PhD.

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Business News

Biotech Veteran Jay Liu Joins Drug Discovery Division

Southern Research announced that Jay Liu, Ph.D., an experienced biotech industry innovator and entrepreneur, has joined its Drug Discovery division as director of technology development and innovation.

– Southern Research





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