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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Wednesday, October 18, 2017

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Medical News

New Neural Network Can Restore Diaphragm Function after Spinal Cord Injury

A team of neuroscientists has uncovered a neural network that can restore diaphragm function after spinal cord injury. The network allows the diaphragm to contract without input from the brain, which could help paralyzed spinal cord injury patients b...

– Case Western Reserve University

Cell Reports; DGE-0951783; NS101105; NS074199 ; NS085037 ; NS025713

Embargo expired on 17-Oct-2017 at 12:00 ET

Drug Yields High Response Rates for Lung Cancer Patients with Harsh Mutation

A targeted therapy resurrected by the Moon Shots Program™ at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center has produced unprecedented response rates among patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer that carries a highly treatment-resis...

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

Embargo expired on 17-Oct-2017 at 22:00 ET

Researchers Define Burden of Hepatitis in Democratic Republic of the Congo

Using laboratory equipment readily available in developing countries, researchers from UNC and Abbott Diagnostics were able to define and map the burden of hepatitis C virus for the first time in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Their findings w...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Clinical Infectious Diseases, Oct-2017

Mouse Studies Shed Light on How Protein Controls Heart Failure

A new study on two specially bred strains of mice has illuminated how abnormal addition of the chemical phosphate to a specific heart muscle protein may sabotage the way the protein behaves in a cell, and may damage the way the heart pumps blood arou...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Circulation: Heart Failure; R01 HL 63038

Saving Hearts After a Heart Attack: Overexpression of a Cell-Cycle Activator Gene Enhances Repair of Dead Heart Muscle

Biomedical engineers report significant in repairing a damaged heart after a heart attack, using grafted heart-muscle cells to create a repair patch. The key was overexpressing a gene that activates the cell-cycle of the grafted muscle cells, so they...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Circulation Research; HL95077; HL114120; HL131017 ; HL134168

To Keep Saturn’s a Ring Contained, Its Moons Stand United

For three decades, astronomers thought that only Saturn’s moon Janus confined the planet’s A ring – the largest and farthest of the visible rings. But after poring over NASA’s Cassini mission data, Cornell astronomers now conclude that the te...

– Cornell University

Astrophysical Journal

A New Compound Targets Energy Generation, Thereby Killing Metastatic Cells

Prof. Uri Nir, of the Mina and Everard Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences at Bar-Ilan University, and his team have identified an enzyme that supports the survival and dissemination of metastatic cells, and developed a synthetic compound that targets t...

– Bar-Ilan University

Nature Communications

New Research Opens the Door to ‘Functional Cure’ for HIV

Scientists have for the first time shown that a novel compound effectively suppresses production of the virus in chronically infected cells.

– Scripps Research Institute

Cell Reports, Oct. 2017; R01AI097012; R01AI118432; MH108179; AI-111899; 1UM1AI126619

Navigational View of the Brain Thanks to Powerful X-Rays

Imagine Google Earth with only the street view and a far-away satellite view but not much of a map view. Brain imaging, for the most part, has been missing just that, and a lot of research on how the brain computes happens on that level. New imaging ...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

eNeuro; DE-AC02-06CG11357; U01MH109100; N66001-15-C-4041; N66001-14-1-4028

Pair of Discoveries Illuminate New Paths to Flu and Anthrax Treatments

Two recent studies have set the research groundwork for new avenues to treat influenza and anthrax poisoning. The studies employed a series of experiments to identify key pathways and mechanisms previously unknown or overlooked in the body’s defens...

– University of California San Diego

PLOS Pathogens, Aug-Sep-2017

Fighting Opioid Addiction in Primary Care: New Study Shows It’s Possible

For many of the 2 million Americans addicted to opioids, getting good treatment and getting off prescription painkillers or heroin may seem like a far-off dream. But a new study suggests the answer could lie much closer to home, in the primary care c...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan


Study Suggests Psychedelic Drugs Could Reduce Criminal Behavior

Classic psychedelics such as mushrooms, LSD and peyote are associated with a decreased likelihood of antisocial criminal behavior, according to new research from investigators at UAB

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Journal of Psychopharmacology, 10/17/17

New Clues to Treat Alagille Syndrome From Zebrafish

A new study led by researchers at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) identifies potential new therapeutic avenues for patients with Alagille syndrome.

– Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Nature Communications

includes video

Halloween Safety Tips and Tricks From Eye and Child Safety Experts

Following a few simple guidelines can help make Halloween fun, not scary, for teens and kids.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

It Takes Two: Children’s Hospital Los Angeles-Providence Saint John's Neonatal Care Partnership Helps Newborn Twins Overcome Early Obstacles

Twin brothers Logan and Liam Chang were born on Dec. 29, 2016, seven weeks premature, at Providence Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica. One of them was able to receive specialized care at Providence Saint John’s NICU and emergency surgery...

– Childrens Hospital Los Angeles

Protecting Future Generations: Scientists Study Arctic Community’s Exposure to Toxic Pollutants

Two professors with Northern Arizona University’s Center for Bioengineering Innovation (CBI) and Department of Biological Sciences—environmental physiologist Loren Buck and ecotoxicologist Frank von Hippel—are working on a long-term research pr...

– Northern Arizona University

includes video

WVU Opens New Inhalation Facility, $1.7 Million NIH Grant Investigates Effects of Inhaled Particles on Health

West Virginia University’s new Inhalation Facility will be the home for research and collaborations that measure, identify and discover how the particles we breathe affect our health.

– West Virginia University

UTHealth’s Gerard Francisco, M.D., Elected to Prestigious National Academy of Medicine

A research and clinical leader in physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R),Gerard Francisco, M.D., of The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) and TIRR Memorial Hermann has been elected to the prestigious National Academ...

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Healthgrades Names Virginia Mason Among Best in Nation for Cardiac Care, Five Other Specialties

Virginia Mason Medical Center was recognized by Healthgrades today as one of America’s 100 Best Hospitals™ for cardiac care, coronary intervention, pulmonary care, general surgery, gastrointestinal care and critical care.

– Virginia Mason Medical Center

Nicole Maronian, MD, Chosen as New Director to Lead University Hospitals Ear, Nose & Throat Institute

University Hospitals recently announced that accomplished surgeon Nicole Maronian, MD, has been promoted to lead University Hospitals Ear, Nose & Throat (ENT) Institute, effective immediately.

– University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center

New Center for Sexual Medicine and Menopause Opens at Northwestern Memorial Hospital

Northwestern Medicine has launched a first of its kind center dedicated to providing comprehensive care to women for two often unmet areas of women’s healthcare – sexual health and menopause. The Center for Sexual Medicine and Menopause at Northw...

– Northwestern Medicine

32 Mercy Physicians Named Among Region’s “Top Doctors” in November 2017 Issue of Baltimore Magazine’

A total of 32 Mercy Medical Center physicians were recognized in Baltimore Magazine’s November 2017 “Top Doctors” issue, representing 24 separate specialties, ranging from surgical oncology to urogynecology

– Mercy Medical Center, Baltimore

Four HHMI Scientists Elected to the National Academy of Medicine

Four HHMI investigators have been elected to membership in the National Academy of Medicine, an organization that honors professional achievement in the health sciences.

– Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

Science News

New Amazon Threat? Deforestation From Mining

Sprawling mines caused roughly 10% of Amazon deforestation between 2005 and 2015 - much higher than previous estimates. Roughly 90% of this deforestation occurred outside the mining leases granted by Brazil’s government.

– University of Vermont

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 18-Oct-2017 at 05:00 ET

Living Mulch Builds Profits, Soil

Living mulch functions like mulch on any farm or garden except — it’s alive. No, it’s not out of the latest horror movie; living mulch is a system farmers can use to benefit both profits and the soil. While the system has been around for a whil...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Agronomy Journal, August 10, 2017

Embargo expired on 18-Oct-2017 at 09:00 ET

Origami Lattice Paves the Way for New Noise-Dampening Barriers on the Road

Researchers at the University of Michigan have brought a new method into the sound-dampening fold, demonstrating an origami lattice prototype that can potentially reduce acoustic noise on roadways. The technique allows researchers to selectively damp...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics

Embargo expired on 17-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET

Active Sieving Could Improve Dialysis and Water Purification Filters

Physicists in France have proven theoretically that active sieving, as opposed to its passive counterpart, can improve the separation abilities of filtration systems. These new views on how active sieving could improve systems such as those used in w...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

The Journal of Chemical Physics

Embargo expired on 17-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET

The Drop That's Good to the Very End

Two researchers in the U.K., using laser-flash photography of microscopic droplet-particle collisions, have discovered that water droplets still have liquid tricks to reveal. Previous research has primarily examined droplet collisions with flat surfa...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Physics of Fluids

Embargo expired on 17-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET

Force Field Analysis Provides Clues to Protein-Ion Interaction

The importance of proteins and metal ion interactions is well understood, but the mechanistic interactions between the two are still far from a complete picture. Researchers at the University of Texas at Austin, are working to quantitatively describe...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

The Journal of Chemical Physics

Embargo expired on 17-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET

Worms Learn to Smell Danger

University of Iowa researchers report that a roundworm can learn to put on alert a defense system important for protecting cells from damage. The finding could lead to a new approach for treating neurodegenerative diseases in humans caused by damaged...

– University of Iowa

Science Signaling

Embargo expired on 17-Oct-2017 at 14:00 ET

Flexible 'skin' can help robots, prosthetics perform everyday tasks by sensing shear force

UW and UCLA engineers have developed a flexible sensor “skin” that can be stretched over any part of a robot’s body or prosthetic to accurately convey information about shear forces and vibration, which are critical to tasks ranging from cookin...

– University of Washington

Sensors and Actuators A: Physical; NSF: CBET – 1264046 ; NSF: CBET – 1461630

Keratin, Pigment, Proteins from 54 Million-Year-Old Sea Turtle Show Survival Trait Evolution

Researchers have retrieved original pigment, beta-keratin and muscle proteins from a 54 million-year-old sea turtle hatchling. The work provides direct evidence that a pigment-based survival trait common to modern sea turtles evolved at least 54 mill...

– North Carolina State University

Scientific Reports

Johns Hopkins Finds Training Exercise That Boosts Brain Power

One of the two brain-training methods most scientists use in research is significantly better in improving memory and attention. It also results in more significant changes in brain activity.

– Johns Hopkins University

Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, Oct-2017; MH082957; NS073626

includes video

Los Alamos Researchers and Supercomputers Help Interpret the Latest LIGO Findings

Astrophysicist Chris Fryer was enjoying an evening with friends on August 25, 2017, when he got the news of a gravitational-wave detection by LIGO, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


Innovative Design Using Loops of Liquid Metal Can Improve Future Fusion Power Plants, Scientists Say

Article describes proposed design for production of steady-state plasma in future fusion power plants.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Nuclear Fusion

New Study Redefines How Radiation Kills Cells, Could Help Target Cancer Treatment

Scientists have discovered for the first time how to accurately predict cellular radiation resistance without actually irradiating cells, instead measuring their internal ‘manganese-complexes’ responsible for resistance. This new broad measure of...

– Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA (PNAS)

NIH Researchers Unleash Therapeutic Potential of IL-35

NIH scientists have simplified manufacturing and dosing of a potential drug candidate for the autoimmune eye disease uveitis—a vision-threatening condition that accounts for about 15 percent of blindness in the U.S. The protein in question, part of...

– NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Nature Communications

‘Wasabi Receptor’ for Pain Discovered in Flatworms

A Northwestern University research team has discovered how scalding heat and tissue injury activate an ancient “pain” receptor in simple animals. The findings could lead to new strategies for analgesic drug design for the treatment of humans.The ...

– Northwestern University

Nature Neuroscience

Using Supercomputers to Delve Ever Deeper into the Building Blocks of Matter

Physicists and computational scientists at Brookhaven Lab will help to develop the next generation of computational tools to push the field of nuclear physics forward.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

The Puzzle to Plugging the Worst Natural Gas Release in History

By the time Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) scientists Barry Freifeld and Curt Oldenburg visited the Aliso Canyon natural gas storage facility in December 2015, the SS-25 well blowout had been leaking natural gas into the air for...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

article online

Exascale and the City

The Argonne-led <em>Multiscale Coupled Urban Systems</em> project will create a computational framework for urban developers and planners to evaluate integrated models of city systems and processes.

– Argonne National Laboratory

World Standards Week and the Role of DHS S&T Office of Standards

World Standards Week is about the standardization process, the community, and how the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in this case the Science and Technology Directorate (S&T), helps connect people to make better standards, to make better prod...

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate

3-D Scanning Project of 20,000 Animals Makes Details Available Worldwide

What began as a Twitter joke between two researchers has turned into a four-year, $2.5 million National Science Foundation grant to take 3-D digital scans of 20,000 museum vertebrate specimens and make them available to everyone online.

– Cornell University

DHS S&T Launches $300K Challenge to Uncover Emerging Biothreats

Today, DHS S&T launched the Hidden Signals Challenge, a $300,000 prize competition that seeks concepts for novel uses of existing data to uncover emerging biothreats.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate

University of Rhode Island Receives $5 Million Gift in Memory of Alumnus

The gift from Edward Avedisian will help fund a variety of projects in the College of Pharmacy, all working toward the goal of carrying on Paramez Avedisian’s legacy through education and innovation, according to College of Pharmacy Dean Paul Larra...

– University of Rhode Island

Texas Tech Plant & Soil Science Creates Local Food and Wine Concentration

The program will be the first of its kind in the U.S. focused on education and promotion of the growing local food and wine movement in Texas.

– Texas Tech University

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Supervisor Support Critical to Employee Well-Being and Workforce Readiness

Nearly half of American workers are concerned about the changing nature of work, and although most report that they have the skills they need to perform their current job well, those without supervisor support for career development are more likely t...

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Embargo expired on 18-Oct-2017 at 06:00 ET

You Would Not Ask a Firefighter to Perform Open-Heart Surgery

The concept of “collective intelligence” states that if a team performs well on one task, it'll repeat that success on other projects, regardless of the work. While it sounds good in theory, it doesn’t work that way in reality, according to an ...

– Iowa State University

Journal of Applied Psychology

New Examination of Occupational Licensing Contradicts Decades of Research

Broad consensus among researchers holds that licensure creates wage premiums by establishing economic monopolies, but according to Northwestern University  research, licensure does not limit competition nor does it increase wages.

– Northwestern University

American Sociological Review

Does Faculty Productivity Really Decline with Age?

Conventional wisdom holds that a faculty member's research career peaks at about five years, followed by a steady decline in productivity. But new research shows this stereotype is "remarkably inaccurate."

– University of Colorado Boulder

PNAS, October-2017

Coca-Cola’s Muhtar Kent Shares 4 Keys to Successful Leadership

Coca-Cola Co. Chairman and former CEO Muhtar Kent discussed key leadership traits at a Leadership Speaker Series event at the UVA Darden School of Business

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

Making a Difference: UVA Community Is Giving Back in Wake of Natural Disasters

This story features UVA Darden alumna Elizabeth Moody Ross (MBA '04) who worked in the Home Depot command center to ensure plywood was available to help rebuild areas hit by natural disasters.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

Alumnus of Darden’s The Executive Program Ready for Liftoff to Space Station

An article featuring UVA Darden School of Business alumnus Scott Tingle (The Executive Program '15) who is pursuing his lifelong dream of space travel

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

includes video

Hollywood Leaves ‘Great Deal of Money on the Table’ Regarding Movies Featuring Actors of Color, Baylor Expert Says

Movies like “Marshall” that are built around actors of color and have appeal to consumers of color historically see a significant surge in ticket sales in weeks five through eight – if producers are willing to keep them in theaters that long an...

Expert Available

– Baylor University

“Science of the Impossible” Magician Jason Latimer to Perform at STEMtastic! Awards Event

World-renowned science magician Jason Latimer will give one of his hallmark “Science of the Impossible” presentations during the second annual STEM-tastic! awards ceremony on Tuesday, Oct. 17 in Oxnard.

– California State University, Channel Islands

Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy Announces Dr. Kelly Page as Research Fellow

The Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy (IMSA) announces that Dr. Kelly Page will be leading a nine-month ethnographic research project on “Developing Social Leaders Leadership at IMSA”.

– Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy (IMSA)

University of Colorado Boulder to Reduce Cost to Attain a College Degree

The University of Colorado Boulder has announced a major step in reducing the cost of attendance, eliminating $8.4 million per year in course-related fees. Chancellor Philip P. DiStefano made the announcement at his State of the Campus address Tuesda...

– University of Colorado Boulder

includes video

ACLU National Legal Director to Deliver Leopold Lecture

David D. Cole, the national legal director of the ACLU, will discuss the role of civil society in advancing and defending liberty in “perilous times” when he delivers the 28th annual Richard W. Leopold Lecture at Northwestern University on Oct. 2...

– Northwestern University

'Daily Show' Host Trevor Noah Speaks on Race and Identity

Trevor Noah, host of “The Daily Show,” urged journalism students from the Medill School and around the country this week to “pursue the facts” in an era when mainstream news outlets are being accused of promoting “fake news.” 

– Northwestern University

Business News

Workers May ‘Choke’ Under Pressure of Non-Monetary Incentives

Competition for non-monetary awards can have adverse effects on performance and may cause employees to “choke” under pressure, according to a new study by a University of Arkansas economist.

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Journal of Economics & Management Strategy

DuPont Pioneer and Danforth Center Collaborate to Apply Cutting-edge Technologies to Improve Crops for Smallholder Farmers

The Danforth Center is applying CRISPR-Cas technology to staple food crops such as cassava and sorghum to produce planting materials with improved disease resistance, nutritional value and enhanced resilience to biotic stresses.

– Donald Danforth Plant Science Center





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