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Thursday, October 19, 2017

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Medical News


Indoor Tanning Dependency Common in Young Women, Especially In Those With Depression

A survey of young, white women who have used indoor tanning at least once in the past year showed that more than one in five of them have signs of being addicted to the high dose of ultraviolet (UV) radiation from tanning beds. In addition, women wit...

– Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center

Cancer, Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention

Embargo expired on 19-Oct-2017 at 00:05 ET


Migraine Drug Commonly Used in ER May Not Be Best Option

A drug commonly used in hospital emergency rooms for people with migraine is substantially less effective than an alternate drug and should not be used as a first choice treatment, according to a study published in the October 18, 2017, online issue ...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Neurology®

Embargo expired on 18-Oct-2017 at 16:00 ET


First Time Mums with an Epidural Who Lie Down on Their Side in Later Stages of Labour More Likely to Have a Normal Birth

Adopting a lying down position rather than being upright in the later stages of labour for first-time mothers who have had a low dose epidural leads to a higher chance of them delivering their baby without any medical intervention, a study has found....

– University of Birmingham

Embargo expired on 18-Oct-2017 at 18:30 ET


Eating Better Throughout Adult Years Improves Physical Fitness in Old Age, Suggests Study

People who have a healthier diet throughout their adult lives are more likely to be stronger and fitter in older age than those who don’t, according to a new study led by the University of Southampton.

– University of Southampton

The Journals of Gerontology: Series A

Embargo expired on 18-Oct-2017 at 19:00 ET


American Thyroid Association’s 2017 Van Meter Award Lecture Delivered by Megan R. Haymart, MD

The American Thyroid Association (ATA) is pleased to announce that the 2017 Van Meter Award recipient is Megan R. Haymart, MD.

– American Thyroid Association

Embargo expired on 19-Oct-2017 at 09:00 ET


Genetic Testing Recommended for Children Considered at Risk for Most Common Eye Cancer

Children who are considered to be at risk of developing eye cancer should receive genetic counseling and testing as soon as possible to clarify risk for the disease. This is the consensus of leading ophthalmologists, pathologists and geneticists, who...

– American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO)

Ophthalmology


New Findings Help Explain How Usher Syndrome Affects Vision and Hearing

Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center utilized their Research to Prevent Blindness (RPB) grants to make progress in characterizing the genetic and physiologic components of Usher syndrome—the most common cause of deaf-blindness.

– Research to Prevent Blindness

Nature Scientific Reports, Sept-2017


Research Examines Benefits of Palliative Care in Heart Failure Treatment

Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh and UPMC analyzed existing evidence and found that patients living with heart failure receive palliative care significantly less often than patients with other illnesses, despite evidence that such care i...

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Oct-2017; K23-AG049930; R01-HL102084; R01-NR013665; P30-AG028741 ; K01-HL133466


New Findings Explain How UV Rays Trigger Skin Cancer

Melanoma, a cancer of skin pigment cells called melanocytes, will strike an estimated 87,110 people in the U.S. in 2017, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A fraction of those melanomas come from pre-existing moles, but the ...

– Cornell University

Cell Stem Cell


Study of Breastfeeding Difficulties Due to Obesity Informs Need for Targeted Interventions for Better Breastfeeding Outcomes

A study led by the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing’s Diane Spatz, PhD, RN-BC, FAAN, the Helen M. Shearer Term Professor of Nutrition, has found that delayed lactogenesis was more prevalent among women who were obese pre-pregnancy and t...

– University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

Journal of Human Lactation


'Pay for Performance' Incentives Are Hurting Hospital Finances in Mississippi Delta

Two Medicare "pay for performance" programs have contributed to declining financial performance by hospitals in the Mississippi Delta region, suggests a study in the November issue of Medical Care, published by Wolters Kluwer.

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Medical Care


Brain Imaging Research in Premature Babies to Identify Biomarkers Linked to Cognitive and Behavioral Disorders

Investigator at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles is awarded $1.7 million by the NIH to study the impact of prematurity on brain development. The goal of the study is to develop biomarkers for early detection of risk for cognitive problems and behavi...

– Children's Hospital Los Angeles Saban Research Institute

R01EB025032


Rare Cancer Linked with Textured Breast Implants May Be Underreported, Misunderstood

A rare cancer in patients with breast implants may be on the rise, but not all patients and physicians may be aware of the risks associated with the procedure, according to a group of Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

– Penn State College of Medicine

JAMA Surgery


Elucidating the Role of Circulating Nutrients that Fuel Tumor Growth

Tumors acquire nutrition necessary for growth and survival from the body of the patient in which they reside. Although these nutrients are predominantly provided by the circulating blood supply, the knowledge of how they are used by tumors is incomp...

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Nature, Oct-2017


Inflamed Support Cells Appear to Contribute to Some Kinds of Autism

Modeling the interplay between neurons and astrocytes derived from children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues in Brazil, say innate inflammation in the latter ap...

– University of California San Diego Health

Biological Psychiatry


Researchers Watch in Real Time as Fat-Encased Drug Nanoparticles Invade Skin Cells

Some anti-cancer drugs are encapsulated to allow gradual release, spreading their effect over a longer time. For example, one formulation of the chemotherapy doxorubicin ( the FDA-approved drug Doxil®) encloses molecules of the drug in fatty nano-sp...

– University of Colorado Cancer Center

ACS Nano


MTSU Researchers Take Aim at Metastatic Breast Cancer

Lead researcher Iris Gao with the Tennessee Center for Botanical Medicine Research reports the isolation and identification of a new, patented compound, DMDD, from the root of the tropical star fruit tree, is helping treat this form of cancer.

– Middle Tennessee State University


Nanomedicine Researchers Target Disease at the Molecular Level

It’s truly small-scale work. But researchers in nanomedicine – the study, development and application of materials under 100 nanometers in size to diagnose and treat disease – are making some big-time advances.

Expert Available

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center


American College of Rheumatology Praises Senators Alexander and Murray for Bipartisan ACA Stabilization Deal

The American College of Rheumatology praises Sens. Alexander and Murray for reaching a bipartisan compromise on legislation that would help stabilize the ACA insurance marketplace.

– American College of Rheumatology (ACR)


Moonshot Grant Will Help Researchers See Two of Cancer’s Key Food Sources at Once

Imagine trying to take a picture of a runner, but only being able to see her feet. If you could see her whole body, you’d get the full picture of how she uses both legs to put one foot in front of the other to reach top speed. That’s the idea beh...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania


Former AACI Board Member Assumes Leadership of National Cancer Institute

Dr. Norman "Ned" Sharpless was officially sworn-in October 17 as head of the National Cancer Institute. He served on the board of directors of the Association of American Cancer Institutes and was director of the UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer C...

– Association of American Cancer Institutes (AACI)


NewYork-Presbyterian Renames The Spine Hospital: The Daniel and Jane Och Spine Hospital

NewYork-Presbyterian will hold a dedication ceremony today to celebrate the renaming of The Spine Hospital to the Daniel and Jane Och Spine Hospital at NewYork-Presbyterian, in recognition of the visionary $25 million gift by longtime supporters Dani...

– New York-Presbyterian Hospital


Queen’s Wins Tripartite £4.6 Million Award as Part of Global Project to Tackle Colorectal Cancer

Queen’s University Belfast has been successful in a £4.6m tripartite grant award to tackle the third most common cancer, colorectal cancer.

– Queen's University Belfast


National Grant Awarded to Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai to Continue the New York Traumatic Brain Injury Model System

The National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) has awarded the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai’s Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and the Brain Injury Research Center a five-year grant to...

– Mount Sinai Health System


66 ACS NSQIP® Participating Hospitals Recognized for Achieving Meritorious Outcomes for Surgical Patient Care

ACS NSQIP® has recognized 66 of 680 hospitals participating in the adult program for achieving meritorious outcomes for surgical patient care in 2016.

– American College of Surgeons (ACS)


UChicago Medicine First Site in Illinois Offering Pioneering CAR T-Cell Therapy for Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved the use of a breakthrough cancer treatment — Yescarta (axicabtagene ciloleucel) — for adult patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Approval came just weeks after ma...

– University of Chicago Medical Center


UChicago Medicine first site in Illinois offering pioneering CAR T-cell therapy for cancer

The treatment, known as CAR T-cell therapy, is being offered by the University of Chicago Medicine, the first site in Chicago and Illinois to be certified by both Kite Pharma Inc. and Novartis. The FDA requires special certification for sites offerin...

– University of Chicago Medical Center


Columbia Nursing “Building the Future” Gala Celebrates 125 Years of Nursing Excellence

Marking its 125-year legacy as a leader in nursing education, research, and practice, Columbia Nursing held its “Building the Future” Gala on Tuesday October 17, at the Mandarin Oriental in New York City. In keeping with its mission and commitmen...

– Columbia University Medical Center

Science News


Dogs Are More Expressive When Someone Is Looking

Dogs produce more facial expressions when humans are looking at them, according to new research from the University of Portsmouth.

– University of Portsmouth

Scientific Reports

Embargo expired on 19-Oct-2017 at 09:00 ET


'Sex That Moves Mountains': Spawning Salmon Play Significant Role in Shaping Landscapes

When salmon spawn, the earth moves -- not immediately, but over the course of hundreds of thousands or millions of years. That's the conclusion of a study, co-authored by an Indiana University geologist, which finds that salmon can play a significant...

– Indiana University

Geomorphology, 29-Sept-2017


Being Behind the Curve Can ‘Sting,’ Especially for Medical Conditions

A medical condition that puzzled physicians, scientists and veterinarians, and remained obscure for decades, was long known by indigenous peoples in Colombia.

– Florida Atlantic University

Journal of Medical Entemology


Two-Dimensional Materials Gets a New Theory for Control of Properties

A theoretical method to control grain boundaries in two-dimensional materials could result in desirable properties, such as increased electrical conductivity, improved mechanical properties, or magnetism.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Nano Letters Oct-2017


For $1000, anyone can purchase online ads to track your location and app use

New University of Washington research finds that for a budget of roughly $1000, it is possible for someone to track your location and app use by purchasing and targeting mobile ads. The team hopes to raise industry awareness about the potential priva...

– University of Washington

Association for Computing Machinery’s Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society; Association for Computing Machinery’s Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society; Original Paper...


Death by a Thousand Cuts? Not for Small Populations

In a paper published in Nature Communications, Christoph Adami, Michigan State University professor of microbiology and molecular genetics, and graduate student Thomas LaBar have provided a look at how certain species survive by evolving a greater ab...

– Michigan State University

Nature Communications 8, Article number: 1012 (2017), Oct-2017


Reducing Power Plants’ Freshwater Consumption with Sandia’s New Silica Filter

Power plants draw more freshwater than any other consumer in the United States, accounting for more than 50 percent of the nation’s freshwater use at about 500 billion gallons daily. To help save this water, researchers at Sandia National Labora...

– Sandia National Laboratories

Journal of Waste Process Engineering, June 2017


Researchers Customize Catalysts to Boost Product Yields, Decrease Chemical Separation Costs

For some crystalline catalysts, what you see on the surface is not always what you get in the bulk, according to two studies led by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


How a ‘Star Wars’ Parody Turned Into a Tool for Scientific Discovery (Video)

Science has long inspired the arts, but examples of the reverse scenario are sparse. Now scientists who set out to produce a “Star Wars” parody have inadvertently created such an example. Incorporating animation techniques from the film industry,...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

ACS Nano

includes video


Battling Flames Increases Firefighters’ Exposure to Carcinogens

The threat of getting burned by roaring flames is an obvious danger of firefighting, but other health risks are more subtle. For example, firefighters have been found to develop cancer at higher rates than the general population. Now researchers have...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Environmental Science & Technology


A Fashionable Chemical and Biological Threat Detector-on-a-Ring

Wearable sensors are revolutionizing the tech-world, capable of tracking processes in the body, such as heart rates. They’re even becoming fashionable, with many of them sporting sleek, stylish designs. But wearable sensors also can have applicatio...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

ACS Sensors


UCI Scientists See Order in Complex Patterns of River Deltas

River deltas, with their intricate networks of waterways, coastal barrier islands, wetlands and estuaries, often appear to have been formed by random processes, but scientists at the University of California, Irvine and other institutions see order i...

– University of California, Irvine

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Oct-2017


SDSC’s ‘Comet’ Supercomputer Assists in Latest LIGO Discovery

This week’s landmark discovery of gravitational and light waves generated by the collision of two neutron stars eons ago was made possible by analyses and signal verification performed by Comet, an advanced supercomputer based at the San Diego Supe...

– University of California San Diego

ACI 1341698


New Study Reveals Breast Cancer Cells Recycle Their Own Ammonia Waste as Fuel

Breast cancer cells recycle ammonia, a waste byproduct of cell metabolism, and use it as a source of nitrogen to fuel tumor growth. The insights shed light on the biological role of ammonia in cancer and may inform the design of new therapeutic strat...

– Harvard Medical School

Science; R01CA213062


CSRI Student Searches for New Trends in Research Data

Ben Garcia is working with Professor Marty Condon on a long-running research project that focuses on the evolutionary biology of some unique flies, the flowers they live on, and their predators, to better understand the diverse species from Central a...

– Cornell College

includes video


Kansas State University Featured in Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense National Report

Kansas State University is featured in several sections of the Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense's special bipartisan report released on Wednesday, Oct. 18.

– Kansas State University

Defense of Animal Agriculture: A Bipartisan Report of the Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense


Department of Energy Awards Flow Into Argonne

DOE Secretary Rick Perry awarded Argonne with nearly $4.7 million in projects as part of the DOE’s Office of Technology Transition’s Technology Commercialization Fund (TCF) in September.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Want to Control Your Dreams? Here's How You Can

New research at the University of Adelaide has found that a specific combination of techniques will increase people's chances of having lucid dreams, in which the dreamer is aware they're dreaming while it's still happening and can control the experi...

– University of Adelaide

Dreaming


Disney and Pixar Films Present Opportunities for Parents to Discuss End-of-Life with Children

Many adults put off discussing end-of-life issues with kids, but a University at Buffalo researcher says Disney/Pixar films can serve as conversation starters for what might be an otherwise difficult subject. The findings appear in Omega-Journal o...

– University at Buffalo

Omega-Journal of Death and Dying


Wichita State Student Authors Children's Book About Autism

Wichita State student Amy Lightfoot has authored a children's book titled "My Cousin Lili." The book is the real-life story about Lightfoot and how her cousin Lilian, who has autism spectrum disorder, inspired her to understand and love people with d...

– Wichita State University

My Cousin Lili


Tracing Communism’s Reach, 100 Years After the Russian Revolution

To mark the 100th anniversary of the Russian Revolution, NYU's Joshua Tucker talks about communism’s legacy and how the Soviet Union changed the world.

– New York University


Student Success Through Innovation

Graduation Initiative 2025 is the California State University’s ambitious initiative to increase graduation rates for all CSU students while eliminating opportunity and equity gaps.

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office


Media Advisory: Experts Can Discuss Fed Chair Options

Janet Yellen’s term as chair of the Federal Reserve ends in February. Speculation has begun about who the president might choose to be her successor. Johns Hopkins has several experts with extensive media experience to discuss this and any Fed ne...

Expert Available

– Johns Hopkins University


Filmmaker Alireza Khatami Draws on Experience in Classroom

Award-winning filmmaker Alireza Khatami finds the roles of educator and student are sometimes blurred in his classroom at DePaul University. “I try to let students learn from mistakes I have made. I’m constantly trying to connect real-life experi...

Expert Available

– DePaul University


Cornell University Launches Milstein Program in Technology and Humanity

A $20 million gift from the Milstein family will launch the new Milstein Program in Technology and Humanity, a collaboration between the College of Arts and Sciences and Cornell Tech that will pioneer a new approach to developing 21st century leaders...

– Cornell University


Pacific University (Ore.) Welcomes Administrators to Leadership Positions

New employees (leadership-level)

– Pacific University (Ore.)


Historian Linda Gordon on “The Second Coming of the KKK”—Oct. 25 at NYU’s Institute for Public Knowledge

New York University’s Institute for Public Knowledge will host historian Linda Gordon for the launch of “The Second Coming of the KKK: The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s and American Political Tradition” (Liveright) on Wed., Oct. 25.

– New York University


Maggie Anderson, Author of ‘Dear All,’ to Give Reading Oct. 30

The Department of English at West Virginia University will host a reading by poet Maggie Anderson on Monday, Oct. 30 at 7:30 p.m. in the WVU Downtown Library’s Milano Room.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


Building Peace and Democracy in Africa

Richard Joseph, professor of political science and African Studies at Northwestern University, will give a talk on his work studying politics in Africa and why access to information is crucial to democratic governance.

– Northwestern University

Marketplace


Benson Hill Biosystems Launches the First Fully Enabling Genome Editing System for Crop Improvement

Benson Hill Biosystems today announced the commercial launch of Edit, powered by CropOS™, the first complete genome editing system made accessible to partners for the development of improved crops. Edit system combines the analytical power of Benso...

– Benson Hill Biosystems

BioRxiv, Sept 2017

Embargo expired on 19-Oct-2017 at 02:00 ET

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