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Monday, October 23, 2017

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Medical
(32 New)
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Medical News


George Washington University Report Finds Improving Job Outlook for New Nephrologists

The American Society of Nephrology (ASN), the world’s largest organization of kidney health professionals, released a new analysis of the future nephrology workforce, authored by George Washington University (GW) researchers. • GW details an i...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

Report on the Survey of 2017 Nephrology Fellows

Embargo expired on 23-Oct-2017 at 08:00 ET


Scientists Track Ovarian Cancers to Site of Origin: Fallopian Tubes

Some scientists have suspected that the most common form of ovarian cancer may originate in the fallopian tubes, the thin fibrous tunnels that connect the ovaries to the uterus. Now, results of a study of nine women suggest that the genomic roots of ...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Nature Communications; CA121113, CA006973, CA083636, CA152990, CA200469

Embargo expired on 23-Oct-2017 at 05:00 ET


Women Who Give Birth in Winter or Spring Less Likely to Have Postpartum Depression

Study finds higher gestational age is protective, and not having anesthesia increases risk

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting

Embargo expired on 22-Oct-2017 at 09:00 ET


After Skyrocketing, Opioid Abuse Plateaus but Remains Too High, National Analysis Shows

While the breakneck upswing in opioid abuse has leveled off, it remains disturbingly high and does not appear to continue its decline, according to an analysis of national data presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting.

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting

Embargo expired on 22-Oct-2017 at 15:30 ET


Ketamine May Help Treat Migraine Pain Unresponsive to Other Therapies

Ketamine, a medication commonly used for pain relief and increasingly used for depression, may help alleviate migraine pain in patients who have not been helped by other treatments, suggests a study being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting

Embargo expired on 21-Oct-2017 at 10:30 ET


Acetaminophen May Help Reduce Postoperative Shivering

Administering acetaminophen, such as Tylenol, during surgery may reduce the incidence of postoperative shivering, suggests a study being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting.

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting

Embargo expired on 21-Oct-2017 at 10:30 ET


Hip and Knee Replacement Patients Using Fewer Opioids to Manage Pain After Surgery

Study is the first to examine progress in shifting to other therapies to combat pain

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting

Embargo expired on 21-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET


Patients Often Overestimate Postoperative Pain, Study Finds

Patients significantly overestimate the anticipated amount of pain they’ll experience following surgery, which researchers say can cause unnecessary anxiety in patients, according to a study being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meet...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting

Embargo expired on 21-Oct-2017 at 13:30 ET


Length of Incision May Affect Pain After Cesarean Delivery

Both short and long surgical incisions for cesarean births are associated with increased pain after delivery, suggests a study being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting.

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting

Embargo expired on 21-Oct-2017 at 13:15 ET


Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) Model of Care Reduces Death and Emergency Room Visits in Elderly Hip Fracture Patients

Elderly patients who had emergency repair of a fractured hip were much less likely to die or make a return visit to the emergency room (ER) after discharge if they received care under the Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) model of care, suggests rese...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting

Embargo expired on 21-Oct-2017 at 13:15 ET


Diabetes Increases Risk of Cognitive Issues After Surgery, Especially in Seniors, Study Finds

Older patients with diabetes may be at an 84 percent higher risk of developing postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) than those who are not diabetic, suggests new research being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting.

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting

Embargo expired on 21-Oct-2017 at 10:30 ET


WVU Researcher Looks to Iceland to Curb Teen Substance Use in West Virginia

Alfgeir Kristjansson, an assistant professor in WVU’s School of Public Health, is studying data related to teen substance abuse in West Virginia. In 2016, his findings showed that at one high school in Wood County, 27 percent of students had smoked...

– West Virginia University

Embargo expired on 23-Oct-2017 at 09:00 ET


American Society of Anesthesiologists Recognizes Arnold J. Berry, M.D., M.P.H., with its Excellence in Education Award

The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) today presented Arnold J. Berry, M.D., M.P.H., with its 2017 Excellence in Education Award in recognition of his outstanding contributions to resident and graduate education in anesthesiology. The award...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting

Embargo expired on 23-Oct-2017 at 08:00 ET


American Society of Anesthesiologists honors Norman A. Cohen, M.D., with its Distinguished Service Award

The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) today presented Norman A. Cohen, M.D., of Portland, Ore., with its 2017 Distinguished Service Award in recognition of his exceptional contributions to the patient care and educational missions of ASA. ...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting

Embargo expired on 23-Oct-2017 at 09:00 ET


Houston Surgeon Barbara Lee Bass, MD, FACS, FRCS (Hon.) Installed as 98th President of the American College of Surgeons

The new President of the American College of Surgeons (ACS) is Barbara Lee Bass, MD, FACS, FRCS (Hon.), the John F., Jr. and Carolyn Bookout Presidential Distinguished Chair of the department of surgery at Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston.

– American College of Surgeons (ACS)

Embargo expired on 23-Oct-2017 at 01:00 ET


Honorary Fellowship in the American College of Surgeons Is Awarded to 10 Prominent Surgeons

Last night Honorary Fellowship in the American College of Surgeons (ACS) was awarded to 10 prominent surgeons from around the world. The Honorary Fellowships were presented at the Convocation, which preceded the opening of the annual ACS Clinical Co...

– American College of Surgeons (ACS)

Embargo expired on 23-Oct-2017 at 03:05 ET


Houston Surgeon SreyRam Kuy, MD, MHS, FACS, Honored for Inspiring Women in Surgery

SreyRam Kuy, MD, MHS, FACS, received the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Mary Edwards Walker Inspiring Women in Surgery Award last night during the Convocation ceremony that preceded the opening of the College’s 2017 Clinical Congress.

– American College of Surgeons (ACS)

Embargo expired on 23-Oct-2017 at 03:05 ET


Vancouver, BC, Surgeon Richard J. Finley, MD, FACS, FRCSC, Honored with 2017 ACS Distinguished Service Award

Richard J. Finley, MD, FACS, FRCSC, a general/thoracic surgeon from Vancouver, BC, Canada, received the 2017 Distinguished Service Award (DSA) of the American College of Surgeons last night during the Convocation ceremony that preceded the opening of...

– American College of Surgeons (ACS)

Embargo expired on 23-Oct-2017 at 03:05 ET


Genetic Testing Can Help Determine Safest Dose of Blood Thinner for Joint Surgery Patients, Study Shows

A new five-year study of nearly 1,600 patients finds that genetic testing can help determine the safest dose of the blood thinner warfarin, with fewer side effects, in patients undergoing joint replacement surgery.

– Intermountain Medical Center

Journal of the American Medical Association


Proton Therapy Lowers Treatment Side Effects in Pediatric Head and Neck Cancer Patients

Pediatric patients with head and neck cancer can be treated with proton beam therapy (PBT) instead of traditional photon radiation, and it will result in similar outcomes with less impact on quality of life.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Pediatric Blood and Cancer


Mutant Gene Fueling Cancer, Nerves Driving Prostate Cancer, African American Breast Cancer Patients, and More in the Cancer News Source

Click here to go directly to the Cancer News Source

– Newswise


Eye-Catching Labels, Improving Crops, Beet-Red Beets, Power of Green Foods, and More in the Food Science News Source

Click here to go to the Food Science News Source

– Newswise


Teens and Sleep, High Blood Pressure in Kids, Breastfeeding Dificulties, and More in the Children's Health News Source

Click here for the latest research and features on Children's Health.

– Newswise


Digital Storytelling Helps Encourage Latinas to Pursue Treatment for Depression and Anxiety

A study from the UCLA School of Nursing has found that culturally tailored multimedia content holds great promise for encouraging Latina woman seek help for, and address the symptoms of, anxiety and depression.

– UCLA School of Nursing

JMIR Ment Health 2017;4(4):e47

includes video


The End of Pneumonia? New Vaccine Offers Hope.

A new vaccine under development provoked an immune response to 72 forms of the bacteria that’s responsible for pneumonia, sepsis and meningitis. That’s up from the 23 forms of bacteria covered by current immunizations. The new vaccine, which repr...

– University at Buffalo

Science Advances


Risk Factors for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Identified

A new study from UT Southwestern suggests that more people with Duchenne muscular dystrophy could live longer by identifying and more aggressively treating patients with certain risk factors.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Journal of the American Heart Association


Cedars-Sinai Tip Sheet for Oct. 20107

October Tips Include: A noninvasive eye scan for detecting Alzheimer’s disease; a first-of-its-kind heart device for babies born with a congenital heart defect; research that could lead to a vaccine for antibiotic-resistant “superbugs” and hear...

– Cedars-Sinai

European Heart Journal; Cell Host & Microbe; JCI Insight


Autumn: Time to Fall into Activity

Numerous studies show that the more we sit and the less we move, the sicker we are. On the flip side, there are many studies that show that any amount of exercise is better than none, and that moving is associated with better health.

– UPMC Pinnacle


Vanderbilt’s Liver Transplant Program Reaches New Milestone

This month, Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) performed its 2,000th liver transplant, another milestone for one of the largest liver transplant programs in the Southeast.

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center


Experts Will Examine Surgical Advances in the Last 50 Years at ACS Clinical Congress

At a session celebrating Schwartz’s Principles of Surgery: First Edition, panelists will reflect on the past and speculate on the future of surgery.

– American College of Surgeons (ACS)


Youth Enjoy Science (YES) Grant Brings Diversity to Cancer Research

Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, in partnership with the Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, was awarded a five-year grant, totaling $2.5 million to engage underrepresented minorities in Cleveland-area schools in cancer research.

– Case Western Reserve University

National Cancer Institute


Hackensack Meridian Health's Jose Lozano, Chief of Staff and Vice-President, Named to Modern Healthcare's UP and Comers 2017

Jose Lozano is one of just 15 rising stars in the nation to receive the honor.

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Science News


Taming ‘Wild’ Electrons in Graphene

Graphene – a one-atom-thick layer of the stuff in pencils – is a better conductor than copper and is very promising for electronic devices, but with one catch: Electrons that move through it can’t be stopped. Until now, that is. Scientists at R...

– Rutgers University

Nature Nanotechnology; Rutgers Today


Tiny Tornados at the Dawn of the Universe

Swirling soup of matter’s fundamental building blocks spins ten billion trillion times faster than the most powerful tornado, setting new record for “vorticity.”

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature 548, 62-65 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/nature23004]


Electricity From Shale Gas vs. Coal: Lifetime Toxic Releases From Coal Much Higher

Despite widespread concern about potential human health impacts from hydraulic fracturing, the lifetime toxic chemical releases associated with coal-generated electricity are 10 to 100 times greater than those from electricity generated with natural ...

– University of Michigan

Environmental Science & Technology


Crops Evolving Ten Millennia Before Experts Thought

Ancient hunter-gatherers began to systemically affect the evolution of crops up to thirty thousand years ago – around ten millennia before experts previously thought – according to new research by the University of Warwick.

– University of Warwick

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.


On-Demand 3-D Printing of Tiny Magic Wands

Direct writing of pure-metal structures may advance novel light sources, sensors and information storage technologies.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9(9), 8233-8240 (2017). [DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b13062]


Killer Pollution, Predicting Droughts, Salmon Spawning, and More in the Environmental Science News Source

The latest research on the environment in the Environmental Science News Source

– Newswise


Mutant Gene Found to Fuel Cancer-Promoting Effects of Inflammation

Biologists have uncovered a mechanism linking a human gene’s function to chronic inflammation and cancer. They discovered that “mutant p53” taps the body’s immune response system to fuel pro-inflammatory responses that increase cancer growth....

– University of California San Diego

Nature Communications-Sep-2017


Novel “Converter” Invented by NUS Scientists Heralds Breakthrough in Ultra-Fast Data Processing at Nanoscale

A research team from the National University of Singapore has recently invented a novel “converter” that can harness the speed and small size of plasmons for high frequency data processing and transmission in nanoelectronics.

– National University of Singapore

Nature Photonics


Metacognition Training Boosts Gen Chem Exam Scores

Students, and people in general, can tend to overestimate their own abilities. But University of Utah research shows that students who overcome this tendency score better on final exams. The boost is strongest for students in the lower 25 percent of ...

– University of Utah

Journal of Chemical Education


Heavy Quarks Probe the Early Universe

New studies of behaviors of particles containing heavy quarks shed light into what the early universe looked like in its first microseconds.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 7; Physical Review C 95, 034904 (2017). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.95.034904]...


50 Simulations of the ‘Really Big One’ Show How a 9.0 Cascadia Earthquake Could Play Out

The largest number yet of detailed simulations for how a Cascadia Subduction Zone earthquake might play out provides a clearer picture of what the region can expect when the fault unleashes a 9.0 earthquake.

– University of Washington

Geological Society of America’s annual meeting


Ursula Jakob Joins Journal of Biological Chemistry

Ursula Jakob, a professor of biological chemistry at the University of Michigan, has joined the Journal of Biological Chemistry as an associate editor.

– American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)


Council on Undergraduate Research Announces 2017 Geosciences Mentor Award Winner

C. Brannon Andersen, professor and chair in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at Furman University and adjunct professor in the Department of Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences at Clemson University, will receive the 2017 C...

– Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)


Two ORNL-Led Research Teams Receive $10.5 Million to Advance Quantum Computing for Scientific Applications

DOE's Office of Science has awarded two research teams, each headed by a member of ORNL’s Quantum Information Science Group, more than $10 million over 5 years to both assess the feasibility of quantum architectures in addressing big science proble...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Barry Simon Wins 2018 Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics

AIP and APS announced that Barry Simon of Caltech is the recipient of the 2018 Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics, which is awarded annually to honor significant contributions to the field. In recognizing Simon, the two organizations cite...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)


October Facebook Tech Talk: Cybersecurity for Automobiles – Building in Security

On October 24 from 12 to 12:30 p.m. EDT, join DHS S&T on our Facebook page for a Facebook Tech Talk focused on cybersecurity for automobiles.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate


Chad Mirkin receives 2017 Wilhelm Exner Medal in Austria

Northwestern University’s Chad A. Mirkin received a prestigious 2017 Wilhelm Exner Medal at an award ceremony at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna on Oct. 19.

– Northwestern University

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


​Teams Work Better with a Little Help From Your Friends

Here’s something both you and your boss can agree on: Workplace teams are better when they include your friends. Researchers analyzed the results of 26 different studies (called a meta-analysis) and found that teams composed of friends performed be...

– Ohio State University

Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin


Parents’ Alcohol Use Can Set the Stage for Teenage Dating Violence, Study Finds

Having a parent with an alcohol use disorder increases the risk for dating violence among teenagers, according to a study from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions.

– University at Buffalo

Journal of Youth and Adolescence


Researchers Expose Secret Misuse of Personal Data by Mobile Apps, Create Solution to Help Consumers

Computer science researchers at Baldwin Wallace University in Ohio have developed a novel solution to inform mobile device users about the hidden misuse of their personal data.

– Academy Communications

IEEE Annual Ubiquitous Computing, Electronics & Mobile Communication Conference October 2017


Statement on Arrest of ISLA Director, Activists in Tanzania

A team of human rights lawyers and activists were jailed in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania – a clear violation of Tanzanian and international human rights obligations.

– O'Neill Institute for National & Global Health Law


UNLV Psychology Professor Launches Study of Traumatic Effects of Oct. 1 Tragedy

Study focused on understanding how people are reacting emotionally to the tragedy at the Route 91 country music festival Oct. 1.

Expert Available

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)


WHO Names Georgetown’s O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law a “Collaborating Center

The WHO has designated the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown Law in Washington, DC, as a WHO Collaborating Center with a special focus on providing strategic support to the WHO Pan American Health Organization’s r...

– O'Neill Institute for National & Global Health Law


A Program for Entrepreneurs, and Those Who Think Like Them

Smith’s program geared to entrepreneurs and intrapreneurs has a new name — and new model.

– Stephen J.R. Smith School of Business, Queen's University

Business News


Leading Cyber Security Expert Delivers Annual Queen’s and KPMG Lecture

Queen’s Management School and the Chief Executives’ Club at Queen’s University Belfast recently hosted leading Cyber Security expert, Mr Ciaran Martin, Chief Executive of the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC).

– Queen's University Belfast

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