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Newswise - News for Journalists
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Thursday, October 26, 2017

Public Edition | newswise.com

Medical
(41 New)
Science
(17 New)
Life
(8 New)
Business
(2 New)
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Medical News


More Early Stage Lung Cancer Patients Survive the Disease

With the advancement of surgical and radiation therapy strategies for stage 1 non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), more patients are being treated, resulting in higher survival rates.

– The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

The Annals of Thoracic Surgery

Embargo expired on 26-Oct-2017 at 00:00 ET


Individual with Complete Spinal Cord Injury Regains Voluntary Motor Function

A research participant at the University of Louisville with a complete spinal cord injury, who had lost motor function below the level of the injury, has regained the ability to move his legs voluntarily and stand six years after his injury.

– University of Louisville

Scientific Reports; RO1EB007615; P30 GM103507

Embargo expired on 26-Oct-2017 at 09:00 ET

includes video


Back on Ice, But Young Hockey Players’ Brains Still Recovering from Concussion

Hockey players in their early teens who have had a concussion may still have brain changes three months later, long after other symptoms have cleared and they are allowed to return to play, according to a study published in the October 25, 2017, onli...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Neurology®

Embargo expired on 25-Oct-2017 at 16:00 ET


Pharma Gifts to Providers Result in More Branded, Expensive Prescriptions

Physicians and other health care providers who received “gifts” from pharmaceutical companies were much more likely to prescribe a higher number of drugs per patient, including more costly prescriptions for branded medicines, compared to prescrip...

– Georgetown University Medical Center

PLOS ONE

Embargo expired on 25-Oct-2017 at 14:00 ET


Flu Forecasting Tool Uses Evolution to Make Earlier Predictions

A new flu forecasting tool built by scientists at the University of Chicago aims to make better predictions by combining data about how the virus spreads with an estimate of how much the current virus evolved compared to recent years.

– University of Chicago Medical Center

Science Translational Medicine

Embargo expired on 25-Oct-2017 at 14:00 ET


New Enzyme Rewrites the Genome

A new type of DNA editing enzyme, developed in HHMI Investigator David Liu’s lab, lets scientists directly and permanently change single base pairs of DNA from A•T to G•C. The process could one day enable precise DNA surgery to correct mutation...

– Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

Gaudelli et al./ Nature 2017

Embargo expired on 25-Oct-2017 at 13:00 ET


Timing Could Matter to How Responsive Cancer Cells Are to Treatment, Study Suggests

In a new study published in Cell Systems, UNC Lineberger's Jeremy Purvis, PhD, and colleagues report that the timing of when DNA damage occurs within these different checkpoints matters to a cell’s fate.

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Cell Systems, Oct-2017

Embargo expired on 25-Oct-2017 at 12:00 ET


Mary Dale Peterson, M.D., MSHCA, FACHE, elected first vice president of the American Society of Anesthesiologists

Mary Dale Peterson, M.D., MSHCA, FACHE, today was named first vice president of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA). Dr. Peterson was elected at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting and will serve for one year.

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting

Embargo expired on 25-Oct-2017 at 14:00 ET


American Society of Anesthesiologists Names James D. Grant, M.D., M.B.A., New President

James D. Grant, M.D., M.B.A., chair of the Department of Anesthesiology at Beaumont Hospital-Royal Oak in Michigan, was today named the 100th president of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), the nation’s largest organization of physici...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting

Embargo expired on 25-Oct-2017 at 14:00 ET


NYU College of Dentistry Awarded $3.6 Million by NIH for Cavity Prevention Research in Rural New Hampshire

Study to Compare Cavity Prevention Techniques in School-based Dental Programs

– New York University


New Clinical Care Guidelines Issued for Patients with Mitochondrial Disease

Physicians who see patients with mitochondrial disease now have a practical new tool—the first set of published guidelines for managing and caring for those patients. Occurring in at least one in 4,500 individuals, mitochondrial disease is caused b...

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Genetics in Medicine, online July 27, 2017


Some Infant Rice Cereals Contain Elevated Levels of Methylmercury

...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry


Triclosan Accumulates in Toothbrushes, Potentially Prolonging Users’ Exposure

In September, a ban on triclosan in over-the-counter antiseptic soaps, gels and wipes went into effect in the U.S. But the antibacterial ingredient is still allowed in toothpastes for its reported ability to reduce gum inflammation, plaque and caviti...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Environmental Science & Technology


Insights From a Rare Genetic Disease May Help Treat Multiple Myeloma

A new class of drugs for blood cancers such as leukemia and multiple myeloma is showing promise. But it is hobbled by a problem that also plagues other cancer drugs: targeted cells can develop resistance. Now scientists, reporting in ACS Central Scie...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

ACS Central Science


Cells’ Mechanical Memory Could Hold Clues to Cancer Metastasis

In the body, cells move around to form organs during development; to heal wounds; and when they metastasize from cancerous tumors. A mechanical engineer at Washington University in St. Louis found that cells remember the properties they had in their ...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Biomaterials


Machine Learning Detects Marketing and Sale of Opioids on Twitter

Using advanced machine learning, a cross disciplinary team of University of California San Diego researchers developed technology that mined Twitter to identify entities illegally selling prescription opioids online.

– University of California San Diego Health

American Journal of Public Health


UCLA Neuroscientists Use Weak Electrical Signal to Stimulate Human Brain and Improve Memory

UCLA neuroscientists have discovered precisely where and how to electrically stimulate the human brain to enhance people’s recollection of distinct memories.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

eLife, Oct-2017


Sexual Function Concerns Not Always Reflected in Prostate Cancer Treatment Choices

A study led by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers found that preference for preserving sexual function was not strongly reflected in the treatment choices of men with low-risk prostate cancer.

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

JNCI, Oct-2017


How Might High Intensity Exercise Training (HIIT) Prevent Colon Cancer?

Latest Research Highlights from ACSM

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: September 2017 - Volume 49 - Issue 9 - p 1805–1816


Do Day-to-Day Patterns of Physical Activity in Youth Affect Heart Health Benefits Beyond the Total Physical Activity Attained?

Latest Research Highlights from ACSM

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: September 2017 - Volume 49 - Issue 9 - p 1826–1833


High Burden, High Cost and Low Awareness of Kidney Disease in the United States

The United States Renal Data System (USRDS) is a national data system that collects, analyzes, and distributes information about chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the United States.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan


Is Physical Activity Linked to Healthier Blood Biomarkers?

Latest Research from ACSM

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: September 2017 - Volume 49 - Issue 9 - p 1817–1825


Researchers Find Immune Cells Help Rebuild Damaged Nerves

Immune cells are normally associated with fighting infection but in a new study, scientists have discovered how they also help the nervous system clear debris, clearing the way for nerve regeneration after injury. In a study published in the Journal ...

– Case Western Reserve University

Journal of Neuroscience; DK097223 ; NS095017 ; NS067431 ; F31NS093694 ; EY11373; S10OD016164


Transplanted Hematopoietic Stem Cells Reverse Damage Caused by Neuro-Muscular Disorder

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine report that a single infusion of wildtype hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) into a mouse model of Friedreich’s ataxia (FA) measurably halted cellular damage caused b...

– University of California San Diego Health

Science Translational Medicine


Special Issue of Journal of Nursing Scholarship Confronts Climate Change and Health

A special issue of the Journal of Nursing Scholarship explores climate change, global health, and the role of nursing in addressing environmental changes and protecting vulnerable people and populations.

– New York University


Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center Patients Treated with New FDA-Approved CAR T Therapy

Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center (VICC) has been selected as one of the few authorized treatment centers in the United States approved to administer the first FDA- approved chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR T) therapy for treatment of adult patien...

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center


How Can I Decrease My Breast Cancer Risk?

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among American women (except for skin cancers). One in eight women in the United States will develop invasive breast cancer during their lifetime with an estimated 252,710 new cases of invasive breast cancer in...

– Valley Health System


Trumpeter with Transplanted Lungs Lives Out His Dream with Mavs

Tim Ervin drew in a deep breath and flawlessly performed the National Anthem before an 18,000-plus crowd at the Dallas Mavericks game – fulfilling a lifelong dream that almost never came true.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center


The Medical Minute: Obesity Numbers Headed in Wrong Direction

New numbers from the National Center for Health Statistics show that rates of obesity have increased by at least 30 percent in both adults and children the past 15 years. Some doctors aren't surprised.

– Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center


National Study to Test Nicotine Patch on Memory Loss

Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) is one of 29 sites participating in a national study to determine whether a daily transdermal nicotine patch will have a positive effect on attention and early memory impairment in older adults diagnosed wi...

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center


R. Sean Morrison, MD, Appointed System Chair of the Brookdale Department of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

R. Sean Morrison, MD, has been appointed the Ellen and Howard C. Katz Chair of the Brookdale Department of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS).

– Mount Sinai Health System


Alliance Data Donates $1 Million to Nationwide Children’s Hospital

Alliance Data Systems Corporation (NYSE: ADS) today announced its Columbus, Ohio-based card services business presented a $1 million gift to Nationwide Children’s Hospital, building on the company’s nearly two decades of support for the healthcar...

– Nationwide Children's Hospital


National Comprehensive Cancer Network Hits One Million Registered Users Accessing the NCCN Guidelines® and Related Content

Growing NCCN registration numbers help ensure that new cancer treatment developments reach patients worldwide.

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)


Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, UNC Health Care Sign Letter of Intent Regarding Ownership of High Point Regional Health

Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center and UNC Health Care, the parent organization of High Point Regional Health, have signed a Letter of Intent in which Wake Forest Baptist would acquire and integrate High Point Regional and its affiliates into their r...

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center


Multi-Site Study Will Examine Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury-Induced Seizures.

A new study funded by the DOD hopes to shed new light on the mechanism behind seizures associated with post-traumatic epilepsy and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

DoD, W81XWH-17-1-0619


TREDS Gets Traction to Improve Traffic Safety, Reduce Impaired Driving

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have expanded a statewide program called Training, Research and Education Driving Safety (TREDS) with the goal of reducing deaths from vehicular crashes.

– University of California San Diego Health


NeuroPoint Alliance Welcomes WellStar to Quality Outcomes Database

WellStar joins NeuroPoint Alliance Quality Outcomes Databases as newest participant.

– NeuroPoint Alliance (NPA)


Children’s Hospital Invites Patients to Trick or Treat

The Children’s Hospital University of Illinois will host a trick-or-treating parade and costume party for pediatric patients and their families Oct. 31.

– University of Illinois at Chicago


Gift From Eden and Steven Romick to Support Cancer Research

A significant gift from philanthropists Eden ’90 and Steven Romick ’85 to Northwestern University has established a collaborative international partnership between Northwestern’s International Institute for Nanotechnology and the Weizmann Insti...

– Northwestern University


UCLA Health Launches Pioneering Mobile Stroke Unit with Support From L.A. County

UCLA Health has officially launched the first mobile stroke unit on the West Coast, enabling rapid delivery of brain-saving medications to stroke patients who might otherwise face debilitating delays in treatment. Such units have been shown to be cli...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences


Loyola Medicine Perinatal Social Worker Receives National Award for Excellence

Rasa Ragas, LSW, was awarded the National Association of Perinatal Social Work Award for Excellence at the organization's recent national conference.

– Loyola University Health System

Science News


Models Clarify Physics at Photocathode Surfaces

Advances in materials science have improved the composition of materials used in photocathode production that can operate at visible wavelengths and produce a beam with reduced transverse electron momentum spread. Despite these advances, the surface ...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Journal of Applied Physics

Embargo expired on 25-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET


Piezoelectrics Stretch Their Potential with a Method for Flexible Sticking

Thin-film piezoelectrics, with dimensions on the scale of micrometers or smaller, offer potential for new applications where smaller dimensions or a lower voltage operation are required. Researchers have demonstrated a new technique for making piezoe...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Journal of Applied Physics

Embargo expired on 25-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET


How to Turn Damaged Heart Tissue Back into Healthy Heart Muscle: New Details Emerge

UNC researchers use their new research platform to discover new cell subpopulations and crucial cellular players in the process of turning damaged heart tissue back into healthy heart muscle. The research platform could be used to study other biologi...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Nature

Embargo expired on 25-Oct-2017 at 13:00 ET


Investing in Conservation Pays Off, Study Finds

Governments and donors have spent billions of dollars since the 1992 Rio Earth Summit attempting to slow the pace of species extinctions around the world. Now, a new paper in Nature provides the first clear evidence that those efforts are working. ...

– University of Georgia

Nature

Embargo expired on 25-Oct-2017 at 13:00 ET


Nanoribbons Enable “On–Off” Switch for Graphene

Built from the bottom up, nanoribbons can be semiconducting, enabling broad electronic applications.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Communications 8, 14815 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14815]


National Conversation on Homeland Security Technology: Commercial Flood Insurance Roundtable

The DHS S&T's National Conversation on Homeland Security Technology is focused on gathering stakeholder insights to identify flood risk and insurance information, along with tools to build more resilient communities.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate


Aitape Skull Likely Belongs to World’s Oldest Tsunami Victim

Mark Golitko, assistant professor of anthropology at the University of Notre Dame, worked with colleagues from the Field Museum in Chicago and institutes in Australia, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea to study the Aitape skull and the area it was fou...

– University of Notre Dame

PLOS ONE


October 2017 ToxSci Online: Impact of Gene-Editing Tools on Safety Assessment

The October 2017 issue of Toxicological Sciences (Vol. 159, Issue 2) includes a wide range of articles on topics representing the latest in toxicological research and advances.

– Society of Toxicology

Toxicological Sciences, October 2017


Partnership Lays Groundwork for Self-Driving Vehicles

Advanced technology used to make traveling safer and more efficient is the focus of a new project led by The University of Alabama and the Alabama Department of Transportation.

– University of Alabama


Can Open and Honest Scientists Win Public Trust?

Michigan State University researchers wondered whether it would be better for scientists to acknowledge some of their personal or social values up front when reporting on their studies in order to gain trust.

– Michigan State University

PLOS ONE


A Placebo Sport Supplement Improves Performance When Athletes Intend to Use it

Latest Research from ACSM

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: September 2017 - Volume 49 - Issue 9 - p 1877–1883


Hacking the Bacterial Social Network

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) scientists have determined the molecular structures of a highly specialized set of proteins that are used by a strain of <em>E. coli</em> bacteria to communicate and defend their turf.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Nucleic Acids Research


New Fractal-Like Concentrating Solar Power Receivers Are Better at Absorbing Sunlight

Sandia National Laboratories engineers have developed new fractal-like, concentrating solar power receivers for small- to medium-scale use that are up to 20 percent more effective at absorbing sunlight than current technology. The receivers were d...

– Sandia National Laboratories


Iowa State Engineers Help Black Sea Countries Fight Cybersecurity Threats

Iowa State University cybersecurity researchers recently presented two days of demonstrations and case studies to help four Black Sea countries fight off cyberattacks. One of the countries -- Ukraine -- was hit by a 2015 cyberattack that cut power to...

– Iowa State University


Where Law and Literature Collide

In the 15th episode of Northwestern Pritzker School of Law's Planet Lex podcast series, host Dean Daniel Rodriguez talks to bestselling author and lawyer Scott Turow about legal fiction, his career as a writer and lawyer and the nature of legal educ...

– Northwestern University


Tanner to be awarded ASCB’s Bruce Alberts Award for Excellence in Science Education

The San Francisco State University biology professor will be recognized for her work in evidence-based teaching and biology education research.

– American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB)

2017 ASCB|EMBO Meeting, Dec 4


New ResearchKit App Looks at How Genetic Risk Influences Heart Health Decisions

The MyGeneRank app allows individuals with genetic data from 23andMe to obtain an estimated genetic risk score for coronary artery disease.

– Scripps Research Institute

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Nearly 235 Million Women Worldwide Lack Legal Protections From Sexual Harassment at Work

More than one-third of the world’s countries do not have any laws prohibiting sexual harassment at work―leaving nearly 235 million working women without this important protection.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Embargo expired on 26-Oct-2017 at 00:05 ET


Study Identifies Risk And Protective Factors For Depressive Symptoms In African-American Men

African-American men report an average of eight depressive symptoms in a month, with family support, mastery, self-esteem, chronic stressors and discrimination among the factors that are significant to their psychological health, according to a new s...

– Georgia State University

Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences


Philly’s Tax on Soda Made Prices Bubble Up

But in Philadelphia, just 36 days after the tax went into effect, stores raised their retail soda prices by a whopping 93 percent of the tax. “I was surprised by how much of the Philadelphia tax was passed on to consumers in such a short period of ...

– Cornell University

JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association


Virtual Soccer Management Game Yields Real-Life Lessons in Economics, Human Behavior

A study using a soccer management game to explore more than a half-million participants' monetary choices confirmed it's possible to use a virtual world to mimic real-world behavior on a grand scale.

– Indiana University

PLOS ONE, Oct-18-2017


Ordinance Reduces Violent Crime Near Late-Night Bars by Making Owners Part of Solution

An ordinance requiring bar owners to beef up security helped reduce crime at late-night clubs in Little Rock, Arkansas, according to a new study. Iowa State's Kyle Burgason says other cities tackling crime near bars could take similar action with the...

– Iowa State University

Journal of Criminal Justice


$5.5 Million Study to Probe Impact of Marijuana Legalization on Use, Behavior, Mental Health

As more states consider legalizing recreational marijuana, University of Colorado researchers are launching a study funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) to examine the impact legalization has on career fulfillment, family life, and s...

– University of Colorado Boulder


APA Supports Alexander-Murray Bill to Extend Health Insurance Subsidies for Two Years

The American Psychological Association voiced strong support for the legislation proposed by Sens. Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn., and Patty Murray, D-Wash., to reimburse health insurers for cost-sharing reduction expenses for the next two years, citing th...

– American Psychological Association (APA)


Tulane to Dedicate Louis Prima Room

Tulane University in collaboration with the Gia Maione Prima Foundation will dedicate the opening of the Louis Prima Room Friday, Oct. 27 at Jones Hall on Tulane’s uptown campus.

– Tulane University

Business News


UF Study: Red Makes Consumers Retain Attention to Food Labels

Zhifeng Gao, a UF/IFAS associate professor of food and resource economics, led the study with his former doctoral students, Meng Shen and Lijia Shi, in which researchers wanted to know whether color helps draw consumers’ attention to information on...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

journal Food Quality and Preference


Broad Experience a Double-Edged Sword for Entrepreneurs Seeking Investors, Study Shows

According to research from the University of Notre Dame, having a wide range of experience as a “jack-of-all-trades” can sometimes be an asset, but in certain environments this will make it difficult to get a startup business off the ground.

– University of Notre Dame

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