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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Tuesday, October 31, 2017

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(41 New)
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Medical News

Research Suggests New Way to Treat Inflammatory Gut Disease and Prevent Rejection of Bone Marrow Transplants

A new study explains how a widely used drug is effective against inflammatory bowel disease and rejection of bone marrow transplants, while suggesting another way to address both health issues.

– NYU Langone Health

Journal of Experimental Medicine

Embargo expired on 31-Oct-2017 at 00:05 ET

Smart Artificial Beta Cells Could Lead to New Diabetes Treatment

UNC and NC State researchers have developed artificial beta cells that automatically release insulin into the bloodstream when glucose levels rise. This work was done in lab experiments but could lead to a much more patient-friendly treatment than in...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Nature Chemical Biology

Embargo expired on 30-Oct-2017 at 12:00 ET

Drinking During Adolescence and Young Adulthood: Taboo, Tolerated, and Treasured

The etiology (i.e., underlying causes) of a behavior, such as alcohol drinking, can change during adolescence and young adulthood. Prior alcohol research has shown that, in general: shared/common environment influences are strongest in early adolesce...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 30-Oct-2017 at 10:00 ET

Early Age of Drinking Leads to Neurocognitive and Neuropsychological Damage

Although drinking by U.S. adolescents has decreased during the last decade, more than 20 percent of U.S. high-school students continue to drink alcohol before the age of 14 years. This can have adverse effects on their neurodevelopment. For example, ...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 30-Oct-2017 at 10:00 ET

Early Childhood Adversities Linked to Health Problems in Tweens, Teens

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a pathway in the brain that seems to connect exposure to adverse experiences during early childhood with depression and problems with physical health in teens and pr...

– Washington University in St. Louis

JAMA Pediatrics, Oct. 30, 2017

Embargo expired on 30-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET

Understanding the Health Risks Caused by Weight Bias Stigma

ObesityWeek provides the latest insights and research into weight bias stigma

– Obesity Society


Embargo expired on 31-Oct-2017 at 00:00 ET

The Obesity Society Position Statement: Breastfeeding and Obesity

The Obesity Society Position Statement: Breastfeeding and Obesity Authors: Emily Oken, MD, David A. Fields, PhD, FTOS, Cheryl A. Loveday, PhD and Leanne M. Redman, PhD, FTOS

– Obesity Society

Embargo expired on 31-Oct-2017 at 00:00 ET

Virginia Mason Earns Highest Mark for Safety in Leapfrog Hospital Safety Grade Program

Virginia Mason is the only medical center in Washington state –and one of the few in the nation – to have consistently received an A for safety in the Leapfrog Hospital Safety Grade since the program began in 2012.

– Virginia Mason Medical Center

Embargo expired on 31-Oct-2017 at 00:15 ET

Report Reveals Prominence of Double Vision

Study by Kellogg Eye Center reveals double vision associated with 850,000 outpatient and emergency department visits annually but life-threatening diagnoses are rare.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

JAMA Ophthalmology

How an Interest in Bipolar Disorder Drugs Led to a Better Understanding of Leukemia

A research project that began 20 years ago with an interest in how lithium treats mood disorders has yielded insights into the progression of blood cancers such as leukemia. The research, which centers on a protein called GSK-3, will be published in ...

– American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)

Journal of Biological Chemistry, Nov-2017

Umbilical Cord Blood Improves Motor Skills in Some Children With Cerebral Palsy

An infusion of cells from a child’s own umbilical cord blood appears to improve brain connectivity and motor function in children with spastic cerebral palsy, according to a randomized clinical trial published this week by Stem Cells Translational ...

– Duke Health

Stem Cells Translational Medicine

Rousing Masses to Fight Cancer with Open Source Machine Learning

Sharing is caring in the fight against cancer with this open source software project to predict cancer drug effectiveness. Georgia Tech researchers have kicked it off with a program they tested to be about 85% effective in making predictions in indiv...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

PLOS One; Rising Tide Foundation

Competitive Divers Face High Risk of Back, Shoulder and Other Injuries

Competitive divers face a high risk of injuring their shoulders, back, elbows, wrists and other body parts, according to a paper by a Loyola Medicine sports medicine physician. "Even when a dive is perfectly executed, injuries can occur, whether trau...

– Loyola University Health System

Current Sports Medicine Reports

How Flu Shot Manufacturing Forces Influenza to Mutate

Egg-based production causes virus to target bird cells, making vaccine less effective.

– Scripps Research Institute

PLOS Pathogens, Oct. 2017; R56 AI117675; R56 AI127371; R01 AI114730; R01 AI113047; R01 AI108686

Sherlock Deploys UC’s first HIPAA-compliant Hadoop Based Data Management System

The Health Cyberinfrastructure Division at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California San Diego, in partnership with University of California Office of the President (UCOP) Risk Services, has deployed a secure, HIPAA-co...

– University of California San Diego

Scientists Discover Surprising Immune Cell Activity That May Be Limiting Immunotherapy

Researchers have uncovered a surprising process within a key immune cell that may help explain the limitations of immunotherapy as a cancer treatment.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Nature Immunology; CA156685; CA171306; CA190176; CA193136; CA211016; 5P30CA46592; CA217540; CA123088; CA099985

Less but More Frequent Exercise Best to Reduce Weight? Study Provides a Clue

Low magnitude, high frequency mechanical stimulation (LMMS) reduces adipose (fat) tissue and thus may be a method of reducing weight and health risks such as diabetes. A new study in the journal Obesity takes this concept to another level.

– Stony Brook University


High Burden, High Cost and Low Awareness of Kidney Disease in the United States

The United States Renal Data System 2017 report highlights current trends in kidney disease in the nation

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

New Biomarkers Can Detect Concussions, Even Mild Ones, Through Simple Blood Test

Proteins from brain cells called astrocytes can be detected in blood immediately after head injury

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism

Should Patients with Cardiogenic Shock Receive Culprit Lesion Only PCI or Multivessel PCI?

Results from the prospective, randomized, multicenter CULPRIT-SHOCK trial found that an initial strategy of culprit lesion only percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) reduces the composite of 30-day mortality and/or severe renal failure in patients...

– Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF)

The New England Journal of Medicine

Patients with Left Main Disease Treated with PCI or CABG Experience Significant and Similar Quality of Life Improvement after Three Years

New study results from the EXCEL trial comparing the quality of life (QoL) of patients with left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) found signific...

– Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF)

Journal of the American College of Cardiology; New England Journal of Medicine

Double Kissing Crush Two-Stent Technique in Left Main Bifurcation Lesions Demonstrates Lower Rates of Target Lesion Failure

A large-scale randomized trial examining the double kissing (DK) crush two-stent technique compared with provisional stenting (PS) in the treatment of true distal bifurcation lesions of the left main artery, found that the DK crush technique was asso...

– Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF)

Journal of the American College of Cardiology

No-Shave November Will Continue Supporting Fight Colorectal Cancer

No-Shave November is a movement encouraging men and women to discontinue shaving and donate the savings instead during the month of November. No-Shave November, a nonprofit, is splitting the funds raised in 2017 between three charities, one being Fig...

– Fight Colorectal Cancer

Media Alert: American Society of Nephrology Kidney Week Press Briefing

Briefing will feature presentations of High-Impact Clinical Trials. Dr. Pascale Lane and Dr. Kelly Hyndman will moderate and provide context and expert commentary on the science presented.

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

American Society of Nephrology Kidney Week Press Briefing

New Treatment Shows Promise for Patients with Rare Dermatologic Disease

A new treatment for a rare and often incurable condition called dermatomyositis (DM) reduced the severity of the disease in patients whose DM was resistant to other therapies. As part of a randomized, double-blind study conducted at the Perelman Scho...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

American College of Rheumatology Annual Meeting; R21AR066286

Room-Cleaning Robots Use UV Radiation to Zap Microorganisms

Germ-killing robots are being enlisted to further safeguard Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) patients from health care-associated infections.

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center

9/11 WTC Responders Show Increased Physical Disability Due to PTSD

A new study of more than 1,100 WTC responders cared for at the Stony Brook University WTC Wellness Program indicates a significant increase in physical disability among the responders.

– Stony Brook University

Using an Electronic Device to Detect Cavities Early

Imagine if dentists could find clear signs of tooth decay long before dental lesions turn into cavities and without using X-rays. A new device cleared for commercialization this month by the FDA is a potential tool for dentists to do just that

– Stony Brook University

More Than a Cold, Doctors Warn of a Common Respiratory Illness in Children

Because its symptoms are similar to those of other viruses – coughing, sneezing, runny nose, fever, irritability and loss of appetite – RSV is considered the most common illness that many parents have never heard of. While in many healthy babies,...

– Nationwide Children's Hospital

Research Team Creates Virtual Reality Surgical Simulator

Senior Nicholas Bieno is teaming up with Professor of Engineering Brian Johns to create a virtual reality surgical simulator for a procedure that repairs hip fractures.

– Cornell College

Helping Clinicians Curb the Opioid Crisis

Clinicians are on the front line of detecting opioid addiction – but need to be better trained on treatment solutions

Expert Available

– Rutgers University

65 Bipartisan Members of Congress Urge CDC To IncludeEating Disorders within National Surveillance Systems

Last week, 65 bipartisan Members of both the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives sent letters to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) urging the re-inclusion and inclusion of eating disorders surveillance questions within the CDC national surv...

– Academy for Eating Disorders (AED)

Keck Hospital of USC Earns an “A” Grade for Patient Safety

Keck Hospital of USC earns an “A” grade from the Leapfrog Group in its Fall 2017 Leapfrog Hospital Safety Grade rankings.

– Keck Medicine of USC

Anti-Doping Study Supported by IOC Investigates Incentives to Stop Doping

An Australian research team involving the University of Adelaide and La Trobe University has been awarded funding from the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to help combat one of sport’s biggest challenges: doping.

– University of Adelaide

American Electric Power Foundation and AEP Ohio Donate $2.25 Million to Nationwide Children’s Hospital

Nationwide Children’s Hospital, the American Electric Power Foundation and AEP Ohio announced today that the Columbus-based utility will donate $2.25 million to the hospital’s “Be The Reason” fundraising campaign.

– Nationwide Children's Hospital

UNC-Chapel Hill Maternal-Fetal Medicine Specialist Receives Nearly $4 Million to Study Health Disparities and Recurrent Preterm Birth

UNC-Chapel Hill maternal-fetal medicine specialist Dr. Tracy Manuck receives nearly $4 million to study health disparities and recurrent preterm birth.

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Six World-Class Research Teams to Investigate Overcoming Therapeutic Resistance in High Fatality Cancers

The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), the Azrieli Foundation and the Israel Science Foundation (ISF) are pleased to announce the recipients of the Joint Canada-Israel Health Research ...

– Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)

Urgent Matters Names Winner of the 2017 Emergency Care Innovation of the Year Award

Urgent Matters, Philips Blue Jay Consulting, and Schumacher Clinical Partners are pleased to announce the winners of the 2017 Emergency Care Innovation of the Year Award, a competition to foster innovation in emergency departments nationwide.

– George Washington University

Loyola Health Psychologist Sarah Kinsinger NamedCo-chair of International Expert Group on GI Disorders

Loyola Medicine health psychologist Sarah Kinsinger, PhD, ABPP, has co-founded the new Psychogastroenterology Section of the Rome Foundation, the first international organization dedicated to the research and practice of psychosocial gastroenterology...

– Loyola University Health System

Fed Agency Awards $1.9M for UTEP Health Research

The Health Resources and Services Administration recently awarded a four-year, $1.9 million Behavioral Health Workforce Education and Training grant to Candyce Berger

– University of Texas at El Paso

Great Pumpkin Arrives at Brenner Children's Hospital

An Atlantic Giant pumpkin weighing in at 943 pounds was delivered this morning to patients, their family members, faculty and staff at Brenner Children’s Hospital, part of Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, in Winston-Salem, N.C. This is the 18th ...

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

includes video

Science News

Vacuum Technology Makes Waves -- Gravitational, That Is -- Detectable

In a presentation during the AVS 64th International Symposium and Exhibition, in Tampa, Florida, astrophysicists Rai Weiss and Michael Zucker will describe how LIGO scientists and engineers designed and constructed LIGO’s ingenious, ultra-high vacu...

– AVS: Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing

AVS 64th annual International Symposium and Exhibition

Embargo expired on 31-Oct-2017 at 08:00 ET

ROSINA Spectral Measurements Bring Comet’s Chemistry to Life

In 2014, the Rosetta probe became the first spacecraft to orbit the nucleus of a comet and later land on its surface. The mission ended in 2016 with the probe’s dive into the comet but its close-up studies of the comet continue to yield scientific ...

– AVS: Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing

AVS 64th annual International Symposium and Exhibition

Embargo expired on 30-Oct-2017 at 10:40 ET

Solid-State Batteries

Solid-state batteries, which eschew the flammable and unstable liquid electrolytes of conventional lithium-ion batteries, could be a safer option. Now, researchers have demonstrated a new way to produce more efficient solid-state batteries. This proo...

– AVS: Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing

AVS 64th annual International Symposium and Exhibition

Embargo expired on 30-Oct-2017 at 10:00 ET

Quantum Dots Visualize Tiny Vibrational Resonances

When laser light is used to drive the motion of a thin, rigid membrane, the membrane vibrates in resonance with the light. The resulting patterns can be visualized through an array of quantum dots, where these tiny structures emit light at a frequenc...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics Letters

Embargo expired on 30-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET

Spider Silk Could Be Used to Power Microphones in Hearing AIDS, Cell Phones

Would you want a spider web inside your ear? Probably not. But if you’re able to put aside the creepy factor, new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York shows that fine fibers like spider silk actually improve the quality...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Oct-2017

Embargo expired on 30-Oct-2017 at 15:00 ET

Lab Researchers Achieve Breakthrough with 3D Printed Stainless Steel

Lawrence Livermore National Lab researchers, along with collaborators at Ames National Laboratory, Georgia Tech University and Oregon State University, have achieved a breakthrough in 3D printing one of the most common forms of marine grade stainless...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Nature Materials, Oct. 30

Embargo expired on 30-Oct-2017 at 12:00 ET

Flavins Perform Electron Magic

Researchers discover the secret behind the third way living organisms extract energy from their environment.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Chemical Biology 13, 655-659 (2017). [DOI:10.1038/nchembio.2348]

Mission Not So Impossible Now: Control Complex Molecular Organization

Scientists achieved thin films with structures virtually impossible via traditional methods.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Chemistry of Materials 28, 4787 (2016). [DOI 10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b01957]

‘Monster’ Planet Discovery Challenges Formation Theory

A giant planet – the existence of which was previously thought extremely unlikely – has been discovered by an international collaboration of astronomers, with the University of Warwick taking a leading role.

– University of Warwick


Imaging Probe Printed Onto Tip of Optical Fiber

The Molecular Foundry and aBeam Technologies bring mass fabrication to nano-optical devices.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Scientific Reports 7(1651), 1-7(2017). [DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-01871-5]; Nanotechnology 27(37), 375301 (2016). [DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/27/37/375301]; Optics Letters 41(15), 3423-3426(2016). [DOI: 10.1364/OL.41.003423]...

Spin-Polarized Surface States in Superconductors

Novel spin-polarized surface states may guide the search for materials that host Majorana fermions, unusual particles that act as their own antimatter, and could revolutionize quantum computers.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Communications 7, 13315 (2016). [DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13315]

Making Glass Invisible: A Nanoscience-Based Disappearing Act

Glare-free cell phone screens, ultra-transparent windows, and more efficient solar cells—these are some of the applications that could be enabled by texturing glass surfaces with tiny nanoscale features that reduce surface reflections to nearly zer...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 183901 (2017)

ORNL, City of Oak Ridge Partner on Sensor Project to Capture Trends in Cities

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory are partnering with the city of Oak Ridge, Tennessee, to develop UrbanSense, a comprehensive sensor network and real-time visualization platform that helps cities evaluate tren...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Robotics Principles Help Sandia Wave Energy Converters Better Absorb Power of Ocean Waves

Compared to wind and solar energy, wave energy has remained relatively expensive and hard to capture, but engineers from Sandia National Laboratories are working to change that by drawing inspiration from other industries. Sandia’s engineering t...

– Sandia National Laboratories

Wichita State University Student Uses Drone Imaging for Hurricane Relief Effort in Texas

James Balman is an insurance adjuster and a Wichita State University Master of Innovation Design (MID) student contributing to Hurricane Harvey relief efforts. He is an independent adjuster, contracted by a variety of insurance agencies to help asses...

– Wichita State University

The Human Dimensions of Water

Water is the driving force of all nature, but how do people react when an area begins to run out of water? Martina Angela Caretta, assistant professor of geography at West Virginia University, seeks to answer that question in a report she co-authored...

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

UAH Engineers Create “Digital Twin” to Improve Cubesat’s Mission Success

Ph.D. student Garima Bhatia and assistant professor Dr. Bryan Mesmer, both in UAH’s Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering and Engineering Management, are helping ensure the success of a joint NASA-Brazil mission by creating a digital twin ...

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Annual AIAA/USU Conference on Small Satellites; 31st; 5-10 Aug. 2017; Logan, UT;

University of Maryland Joins International Phytobiomes Alliance

The University of Maryland (UMD) has joined the International Alliance for Phytobiomes Research, both organizations announced today

– International Phytobiomes Alliance

Catch a Rising Science Star

Karen Mulfort, a chemist at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, was named a 2017 Rising Star by the Women Chemists Committee (WCC) of the American Chemical Society.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Tourassi Named Top Scientist at ORNL’s Annual Awards Night

Georgia Tourassi of Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s Computing and Computational Sciences Directorate has received the ORNL Director’s Award for Outstanding Individual Accomplishment in Science and Technology.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

NSF Cyber Infrastructure Award to Train Local High School Students

NMSU receives NSF cyber infrastructure award to train local high school students.

– New Mexico State University (NMSU)

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Both the Aggressor and the Victim: Alarming Number of Teens Cyberbully Themselves

A new form of self-harm in youth has emerged and is cause for concern, warns a researcher and bullying expert from Florida Atlantic University. The behavior: “digital self-harm,” where teens post, send or share mean things about themselves anonym...

– Florida Atlantic University

Journal of Adolescent Health

New Report Proposes Learning Tech Inequality Solutions

Free and open technologies do not democratize education, but strategies to combat educational inequity exist and should be replicated, a new report by digital learning experts recommends.

– University of California, Irvine

Research Shows How to Make Email and Other Technology Interruptions Productive

There are different types of email interruptions, each one with its own trade offs. Managers and workers can use this knowledge to mitigate the negative impacts on performance and stress.

– Stephen J.R. Smith School of Business, Queen's University

MIS Quarterly Vol. 42 No. 2, June 2018

UIC Launches Fundraising Campaign to Raise $750 Million

The University of Illinois at Chicago launched “IGNITE: The Campaign for UIC,” on Saturday, October 28. More than 700 friends, alumni and donors attended the kickoff rally and celebration to support the university’s strategic priorities and mas...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Cornell Offers Universidad de Puerto Rico Students Academic Haven

As Puerto Rico continues to recover from Hurricane Maria, Cornell is offering a free semester of study – including tuition, room and board – in spring 2018 for up to 58 students from Universidad de Puerto Rico.

– Cornell University

Cornell College Expands Theatre and Dance Program

The departments of music and theatre & dance are on track to offer a new degree, the bachelor of fine arts (BFA) in musical theatre, next fall.

– Cornell College

USC and VICE Collaborate on Course for Creating Media to Drive Social Change

USC Annenberg, in partnership with VICE Media, will launch a new class in Spring 2018 developed from VICELAND’s Emmy-nominated documentary series WOMAN with Gloria Steinem.

– USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism

Business News

IN2 - IMSA's innovation center - Named Winner of 16th Annual Chicago Innovation Awards

IN2, IMSA's innovation center, was named a winner of the 16th annual Chicago Innovation Awards. The Chicago Innovation Awards is the Chicago region’s foremost recognition of the most innovative new products or services brought to market each year....

– Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy (IMSA)

Embargo expired on 31-Oct-2017 at 01:05 ET





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