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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Wednesday, November 1, 2017

Public Edition |

(34 New)
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Medical News

Preparing Nurses to Prevent Workplace Violence: What’s the Evidence?

Among the solutions to workplace violence in healthcare is teaching nurses how to prevent and respond to aggression, but evidence about the effectiveness of such educational interventions is limited, according to an article in the American Journal o...

– American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)

American Journal of Critical Care, Nov-2017

Embargo expired on 01-Nov-2017 at 06:00 ET

Gut Microbiome May Make Chemo Drug Toxic to Patients

Albert Einstein College of Medicine researchers report that the composition of people’s gut bacteria may explain why some of them suffer life-threatening reactions after taking a key drug for treating metastatic colorectal cancer. The findings, des...

– Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Npj Biofilms and Microbiomes

Embargo expired on 01-Nov-2017 at 06:00 ET

Breast Cancer Researchers Track Changes in Normal-Looking Mammary Duct Cells Leading to Disease

Breast cancer researchers have mapped early genetic alterations in normal-looking cells at various distances from primary tumours to show how changes along the lining of mammary ducts can lead to disease.

– University Health Network (UHN)

Nature Communications, Nov-2017

Embargo expired on 01-Nov-2017 at 06:00 ET

includes video

Researcher Examines Patient Awareness of Prescription Drug Risks

Prescription medications, including antidepressants and pain medications, can have various side effects and risks, and a West Virginia University researcher is examining whether patients understand the risks associated with driving.

– West Virginia University

Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, DOI: 10.15288/jsad.2017.78.805

Embargo expired on 01-Nov-2017 at 00:15 ET

Monitoring Crohn's Disease Using Inflammation Biomarkers and Symptoms Led to Better Patient Outcomes Than Using Symptoms Alone

An efficacy and safety study of two treatment models for patients with Crohn’s disease has found that monitoring both inflammation biomarkers and symptoms led to superior outcomes compared to clinical management of symptoms alone.

– Mount Sinai Health System

The Lancet ; NIH NCT01235689

Embargo expired on 31-Oct-2017 at 20:00 ET

How a $10 Microchip Turns 2-D Ultrasound Machines to 3-D Imaging Devices

Technology that keeps track of how your smartphone is oriented can now give $50,000 ultrasound machines many of the 3-D imaging abilities of their $250,000 counterparts — for the cost of a $10 microchip. Doctors and engineers from Duke and Stanf...

– Duke Health

American College of Emergency Physicians

Embargo expired on 31-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET

includes video

Research Identifies Which Patients Benefit from Additional Testing to Find CSF Leaks

Researchers at Mayo Clinic have identified which patients benefit from costly diagnostic testing to identify cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks and those who can be treated with less invasive testing. CSF leaks lead to a condition called hypovolemia whi...

– American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA)

ASRA 16th Annual Pain Medicine Meeting, Nov-2017

Research Identifies Factors Associated With Successful Radiofrequency Ablation of Lumbar Facet Joints

Researchers at Johns Hopkins have identified patient attributes associated with better outcomes from radiofrequency ablation of lumbar facet joints. Lumbar facet problems account for 25% of chronic low back pain.

– American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA)

ASRA 16th Annual Pain Medicine Meeting, Nov-2017

includes video

In Vitro Tissue Microarrays for Quick and Efficient Spheroid Characterization

A new SLAS Discovery article available for free ahead-of-print enables researchers to derive more clinically-relevant information from 3D cell culture models.

– SLAS (Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening)

SLAS Discovery OnlineFirst

Your Bones Affect Your Appetite—and Your Metabolism!

A Montreal Clinical Research Institute discovery sheds light on osteocalcin, a hormone produced by our bones that affects how we metabolize sugar and fat.

– Universite de Montreal

J Clin Invest. October 2017; Canada Research Chairs Program; Fondation J. A. DeSève; Canadian Institutes of Health Research; Canadian Institutes Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada,...

Transgender Women Take Triple the Number of HIV Tests as Trans Men

A new University at Buffalo study has shown that HIV testing among transgender adults was higher in those who identified as female, were African-American or Hispanic, or had a history of incarceration.

– University at Buffalo

Transgender Health, Oct-2017

New Tools to Tackle the Opioid Crisis: Chemists Develop Method to Quickly Screen, Accurately Identify Fentanyl and a Broad Range of Other Drugs of Abuse

Researchers at McMaster University have developed a new drug screening technique that could lead to the rapid and accurate identification of fentanyl, as well as a vast number of other drugs of abuse, which up until now have been difficult to detect ...

– McMaster University

Analytical Chemistry

Uncomfortable Sight from an Ancient Reflex of the Eye

The eyes are for seeing, but they have other important biological functions, including automatic visual reflexes that go on without awareness. The reflexive system of the human eye also produces a conscious, visual experience, according to a new stud...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; R01 EY024681; P30 EY001583; NS045839; W81XWH-15-1-0447

Prenatal Exposure to BPA at ‘Safe’ Levels Can Affect Gene Expression in Developing Rat Brain

Prenatal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) at levels below those currently considered safe for humans affects gene expression related to sexual differentiation and neurodevelopment in the developing rat brain.

– North Carolina State University


Why Do Some Head Knocks Cause More Damage Than Others?

Veteran sailors know that rogue waves can rise suddenly in mid-ocean to capsize even the largest vessels. Now it appears that a similar phenomenon called shear shock wave occurs in the concussed brain. It may help explain why some head knocks cause s...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Physical Review Applied

Mini-Strokes Can Be "Ominous Prelude" to CatastrophicStrokes, Loyola Medicine Neurologists Report

Mini-strokes called transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) can be an "ominous prelude" to catastrophic strokes, Loyola Medicine neurologists report in the journal F1000 Research.

– Loyola University Health System

F1000 Research

Radon on the Radar

Researchers have known for decades that exposure to radon may cause lung cancer, and that North Dakota and Iowa have some of the highest radon rates in the country. Could radon potentially cause other cancers? Researchers from the geography depart...

– University of North Dakota

Future Oncology

Sickle Cell Conference to Focus on Causes and Pathways to a Cure

Leading experts in the field of sickle cell disease (SCD) research will convene in Washington, D.C., for the Physiological and Pathophysiological Consequences of Sickle Cell Disease conference (November 6–8). The conference, organized by the Americ...

– American Physiological Society (APS)

Physiological and Pathophysiological Consequences of Sickle Cell Disease conference

Thirty-Day Results of ABSORB IV Demonstrate that Improvements in Bioresorbable Stent Technology and Technique are Still Needed

Thirty-day results from ABSORB IV, the largest randomized everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) trial to date, found BVS to be noninferior to a cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent (CoCr-EES) for target lesion failure (TLF).

– Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF)

29th annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) scientific symposium

Get FRUVED Campaign Makes Healthy Lifestyle Choices Easier

College students are creating a campus environment that encourages healthy lifestyles and promotes healthful activities through social media and marketing, thanks to Get FRUVED.

– South Dakota State University

TAVR Found to be Cost-effective Compared with SAVR in Intermediate Risk Patients with Aortic Stenosis

Analysis of the PARTNER 2A trial and the SAPIEN-3 Intermediate Risk registry found transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) to be highly cost-effective compared with surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in intermediate surgical risk patients...

– Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF)

29th annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) scientific symposium

Dietitian Explains How Much Halloween Candy Is Too Much for Kids

Dana Hunnes, senior dietitian at UCLA Health, answers questions about how parents can let kids enjoy their Halloween candy without going overboard.

Expert Available

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

ATS Objects to the EPA’s Move to Silence the Input of Scientists

Today the EPA announced a new policy regarding who can serve on the agency’s scientific advisory boards. In earlier comments, EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt had questioned the “independence, and the veracity and the transparency of those recommen...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

Hackensack Meridian Health Hospitals Receive an ‘A’ for Patient Safety From The Leapfrog Group

Hackensack Meridian Health is proud to announce that Hackensack University Medical Center, Bayshore Medical Center, Southern Ocean Medical Center and Riverview Medical Center received an “A’’ grade for their commitment to keeping patients safe ...

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Rush Honored for Providing Highest-Quality Lung Cancer Care in North America

Rush University Medical Center’s lung cancer care team is one of two programs that provide the highest-quality lung cancer care in North America, according to the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC), which chose Rush as o...

– Rush University Medical Center

UChicago Medicine Earns 12th Consecutive ‘A’ in Patient Safety

The University of Chicago Medicine earned its 12th consecutive “A” in patient safety from The Leapfrog Group, a prominent hospital-watchdog organization.

– University of Chicago Medical Center

Historic Partnership Grant Advances Immunotherapy Research of Mary Markiewicz, Ph.D., at the University of Kansas Cancer Center

.Mary Markiewicz, Ph.D., assistant professor at the University of Kansas Medical Center in the Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics and Immunology and a researcher with KU Cancer Center, will receive a grant, made possible by a unique partn...

– University of Kansas Cancer Center

Mayo Clinic to Offer CAR T-Cell Therapy for Relapsed Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Mayo Clinic announced today that its Rochester campus is one of 16 cancer centers nationally selected to provide chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy (CAR T-cell therapy) for adults with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma who have not responded to, or h...

– Mayo Clinic

Study to Examine the Impact of Stress on the Health of Sexual Minority Adolescents

Investigators will study a large national sample of youth who identify as lesbian, gay or bisexual to discover how different stress triggers, over time, can set the stage for poor health outcomes such as depression, self-harm, and substance use . ...

– Childrens Hospital Los Angeles


Five hospitals in University Hospitals System Receive “A” for Patient Safety in Fall 2017 Leapfrog Hospital Safety Grade

The Leapfrog Group released its news hospital safety grades, and five hospitals with the University Hospitals system in Northeast Ohio earned the grade of "A."{

– University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center

Physicians at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey Named as ‘Jersey Choice Top Doctors’

A number of chief physicians at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, the state’s only National Cancer Institute-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center, are being honored as a ‘Jersey Choice Top Doctor’ by New Jersey Monthly magazine.

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

UTHealth, Adult Protective Services Join Forces to Improve Lives of Texas Elderly

The Texas Forensic Assessment Center Network (FACN) has been expanded from children’s services to include adults through a formal agreement between the Texas Department of Family and Protective Services (DFPS) and McGovern Medical School at The Uni...

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Italian-American Researchers Present Mediterranean Diet, Health, and Longevity at Annual Medical Conference

Sbarro Health Research Organization President Antonio Giordano introduces program at National Italian American Foundation 42nd Anniversary Gala Weekend In Washington D.C.

– Sbarro Health Research Organization (SHRO)

UTHealth Receives $2.5 Million for HIV Education and Treatment for Persons with Substance Use Disorders

A $2.5 million federal grant will allow a multidisciplinary team at McGovern Medical School at UTHealth in Houston to provide prevention and treatment information about HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases to underserved individuals with subst...

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Science News

Metallic Glass Boosts Performance of Advanced MEMS Microphones

Polysilicon is the material most commonly used as a membrane for microphone devices today. But, in general, single-crystal and polycrystalline-silicon-based devices are brittle and prone to fractures that can cause interior defects during the fabrica...

– AVS: Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing

AVS 64th annual International Symposium and Exhibition

Embargo expired on 31-Oct-2017 at 09:40 ET

Low-Cost Graphene-Based Sensor Detects Contaminants in Water

Accurate and accessible detection technologies are necessary to ensure continuous water quality control and early warning capabilities to avoid public safety catastrophes like the ongoing Flint water crisis in Michigan. During the AVS’s 64th Intern...

– AVS: Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing

AVS 64th annual International Symposium and Exhibition

Embargo expired on 31-Oct-2017 at 15:00 ET

includes video

Pseudopod Protrusions Propel Amoeboid Cells Forward: A 3-D Swimming Model

Rhythmic patterns and precise motions are key elements of proper swimming, and comparable demonstrations of this pattern repetition and power usage can be seen in a microscopic swimmer -- the amoeboid cell. The cell swimming shapes are now predictabl...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Physics of Fluids

Embargo expired on 31-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET

Opening the Van Der Waals' Sandwich

Eighty years after the theoretical prediction of the force required to overcome the van der Waals’ bonding between layers in a crystal, engineering researchers at Tohoku University have measured it directly. They report their results this week in t...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Journal of Applied Physics

Embargo expired on 31-Oct-2017 at 11:00 ET

Invasive Weevil Threatens California’s Palm Trees and Date Industry

Effort to stop the spread of invasive South American palm weevil that is devastating palm trees in San Diego County will use environmentally-friendly pheromone formulation.

– ISCA Technologies


Embargo expired on 01-Nov-2017 at 08:00 ET

includes video

Rutgers-Led Research Could Revolutionize Nuclear Waste Reprocessing and Save Money

Seeking a better way to capture radioactive iodides in spent nuclear reactor fuel, Rutgers–New Brunswick scientists have developed an extremely efficient “molecular trap” that can be recycled and reused. The trap is like a tiny, porous super-sp...

– Rutgers University

Nature Communications; Rutgers Today

Scientists Develop Groundnut Resistant to Aflatoxin

The discovery has the potential to drastically improve food safety and reduce losses caused by the contamination from the poisonous carcinogen, aflatoxin.

– Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

Plant Biotechnology Journal

How to Store Information in Your Clothes Invisibly, Without

University of Washington computer scientists have created fabrics and fashion accessories that can store data — from security codes to identification tags — without needing any on-board electronics or sensors.

– University of Washington

Association for Computing Machinery’s User Interface Software and Technology Symposium (UIST 2017); NSF: CNS – 1420654; NSF: CNS – 1407583; CNS – 1452494

includes video

New Study Finds Marijuana Farming Hurts Environment

Planting cannabis for commercial production in remote locations is creating forest fragmentation, stream modification, soil erosion and landslides. Without land-use policies to limit its environmental footprint, the impacts of cannabis farming could ...

– Ithaca College

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment

Native Trees, Shrubs Provide More Food for Birds

Planting native trees and shrubs in your yard can really help songbirds. Researchers from the University of Delaware and the Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center studied the Carolina chickadee around Washington, D.C. and found native trees and shrubs su...

– University of Delaware

Biological Conservation

Research Provides Unique Insight Into Extinction Dynamics in Late Triassic

A team of scientists and students at the University of Rhode Island is inching closer to revealing how a group of animals from the Late Triassic went extinct

– University of Rhode Island

New York First Responders Train for Critical Incident Response at Grand Central Terminal, Test New Tech

New York City emergency responders conducted a critical incident training exercise early Sunday morning at Grand Central Terminal, and tested out some new technologies provided by DHS S&T.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate

Consumers May Not Recognize Costs, Consequences of Demand for ‘Clean’ Food

Eating “clean” is all about avoiding foods with additives, preservatives or other chemicals on the label. Two Iowa State University professors are warning of the consequences associated with the clean food movement in terms of food waste, safety ...

Expert Available

– Iowa State University

Stephen Munk Appointed Deputy Director of ASU’s Biodesign Institute

Stephen Munk has joined the Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University as deputy director, science and technology. In this role, Munk will focus on the strategic, business and technical operations of Arizona’s largest single largest bioscience...

– Arizona State University (ASU)

ORNL’s DelCul, Wirth Named American Nuclear Society Fellows

Two researchers from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been elected fellows of the American Nuclear Society, a professional society that promotes the advancement and awareness of nuclear science and technology.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Tisch Cancer Institute Director Ramon Parsons Awarded $6.7 Million for Research on Cancer-Causing Gene Mutated in Cancers with the Least Treatment Options

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has awarded Ramon Parsons, MD, PhD, the prestigious Outstanding Investigator Award, granting him $6.7 million over seven years for research into the tumor-suppressing functions of the PTEN gene, which he discovered...

– Mount Sinai Health System


Johns Hopkins-led Team Aims to Turn Computer Systems into Digital Detectives

Scientists from 10 universities are working together to figure out how computers can learn to sort out the relevant data from loads of video footage, photos, internet communications, telephone records and other material.

– Johns Hopkins University

Join Us LIVE to Talk Critical Infrastructure

Join us for a live Facebook Tech Talk on November 9 at 1 p.m. ET to learn about NPPD and S&T’s roles in securing our nation’s critical infrastructure and how we work to make it more resilient.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

APA Stress in America™ Survey: US at ‘Lowest Point We Can Remember;’ Future of Nation Most Commonly Reported Source of Stress

Nearly two-thirds of Americans (63 percent) say the future of the nation is a very or somewhat significant source of stress, slightly more than perennial stressors like money (62 percent) and work (61 percent), according to the American Psychological...

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Embargo expired on 01-Nov-2017 at 00:00 ET

includes video

Women CEOs More Likely to be Targeted by Activist Shareholders

Women CEOs are much more likely than their male counterparts to be targeted by activist shareholders, according to research conducted by a team that included two University of Alabama business professors.

– University of Alabama

Journal of Applied Psychology

More Money, Education Only Makes Discrimination Worse for Minorities

Upwardly mobile blacks and Hispanics are more likely to experience racial discrimination than their socioeconomically stable peers, new research has found. And that might help explain racial disparities in health among middle- and upper-class America...

– Ohio State University

Social Science & Medicine

New National Poll Shows Americans Distrust Congress, the Media, Hollywood, and Even Other Voters in the U.S.

A new University of Delaware poll found that a large majority of Americans carry a deep level of distrust for virtually every governing, media, and political institution in America. Only the military gained a positive rating with 72% trusting; the me...

– University of Delaware

Study: Taking Career and Technical Education Courses Later in High School Reduces Chances of Dropping Out and Improves On-Time Graduation

High school students who complete career and technical education (CTE) courses during their junior and senior years are, on average, more likely to graduate on time and less likely to drop out than students who do not take CTE courses, according to n...

– American Educational Research Association (AERA)

American Educational Research Journal

Innovation at the University of Haifa: Students Learn About Fake News

Students Learn about Fake News at the University of Haifa

– University of Haifa

Bugs as Snacks Among UF/IFAS Experts’ Predicted 2018 Food Trends

Cutting food waste, becoming a food entrepreneur and eating on a budget if you're a foodie. These are just some of the fearless forecasts from UF/IFAS experts, as they predict food trends for 2018.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Team Culture Creates Successful Professional Teams

Professional baseball teams can hit a winning streak at any time throughout an entire season. When momentum builds and all the stars align just right, successful teams seem to discover the missing piece needed to win.

– Texas A&M University

original post

What Is The Impact Of The Exodus Of Black Teachers?

During the first 11 years of desegregation, after Brown vs. Board of Education, more than 45,000 Black teachers lost their jobs.

– Texas A&M University

original story

Workplace Health - The Silent Epidemic

Workplace incivility is taking over our organizations, professional relationships and everyday interactions. According to Dr. Jia Wang, associate professor of human resource development, understanding why incivility happens and how to address it star...

– Texas A&M University

original story

Washington Bureau Chiefs Discuss New Era's Impact on Journalism


– Northwestern University

University of North Florida Launches New Center for Nutrition and Food Security

In the United States, one in six Americans lack access to adequate amounts of healthy foods. In an effort to address the issue and find solutions, the University of North Florida has launched the Center for Nutrition and Food Security, which will be ...

– University of North Florida

Former Maryland Governor Glendening Joins Johns Hopkins Business Faculty

Former Maryland governor Parris Glendening has joined Johns Hopkins University’s Carey Business School as an executive visiting professor focusing on community design, smart growth, and real estate and infrastructure.

– Johns Hopkins University Carey Business School

Biographer Ron Chernow on the Life of Ulysses S. Grant—Nov. 6 at NYU

Ron Chernow, the Pulitzer-Prize-winning author of “Washington: A Life” and of the acclaimed “Alexander Hamilton,” will discuss the legacy of Ulysses S. Grant, the subject of his newest biography, on Mon., Nov. 6.

– New York University

Ulysses S. Grant Presidential Library and Williams Lincolniana Collection Unveiled at New MSU Facility with Nov. 30 Grand Opening

A $10 million addition to Mississippi State’s Mitchell Memorial Library, home of the Ulysses S. Grant Presidential Library and the prestigious Frank and Virginia Williams Collection of Lincolniana, will be unveiled with a Nov. 30 celebration at the...

– Mississippi State University

Harold Holzer Headlines Inaugural Frank and Virginia Williams Lecture on Abraham Lincoln and Civil War Studies at MSU

Harold Holzer, a leading expert on Abraham Lincoln, will be the featured speaker for the inaugural Frank and Virginia Williams Lecture on Abraham Lincoln and Civil War Studies at Mississippi State on Nov. 30.

– Mississippi State University

Business News

The Value of a Dollar? New Research Finds Dollar Appreciation Hurts Emerging Markets

New research suggests a strong dollar may hamper investment in emerging economies.

– American University

International Monetary Fund’s Eighteenth Jacques Polak Conference

ACI Convention Charity Events to Benefit Clean the World

Clean the World, a leader in global health which recycles discarded hygiene products and distributes them to children and families in need, will be the charity of choice at the 2018 American Cleaning Institute (ACI) Annual Meeting & Industry Conventi...

– American Cleaning Institute


New Parenting Book Outlines the A-B-C’s and 1-2-3’s of Preparing Kids for College

From preparing for college to tackling the tough conversations that come with parenting, Professor Chris Palmer's new book offers easy to implement parenting advice for the 21st Century.

– American University





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