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Newswise Daily Wire
Friday, November 3, 2017

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Medical
(30 New)
Science
(18 New)
Life
(8 New)
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Medical News


Researchers Identify Potential Autoantigen in Aggressive Form of Kidney Disease

• A particular protein is found in abundance in the kidneys of patients with an aggressive form of kidney disease called fibrillary glomerulonephritis. The discovery may improve diagnosis, and eventually, treatment. • The protein was identified ...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN)

Embargo expired on 02-Nov-2017 at 17:30 ET


Sugar-Sweetened Drinks Raise Risk of Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome

Regularly drinking sugar-sweetened beverages such as soda and juice contributes to the development of diabetes, high blood pressure and other endemic health problems, according to a review of epidemiological studies published in the Journal of the En...

– Endocrine Society

Journal of the Endocrine Society

Embargo expired on 02-Nov-2017 at 14:00 ET


Treating Menopausal Symptoms Can Protect Against Stress’ Negative Effects

Menopausal hormone therapy may shield women from stress’ negative effects on some types of memory, according to a small-scale study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

– Endocrine Society

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

Embargo expired on 02-Nov-2017 at 14:00 ET


Computer Program Helps Doctors Detect Acute Kidney Injury Earlier to Save Lives

Embedding a decision support tool in the hospital electronic health record increases detection of acute kidney injury, reducing its severity and improving survival. The results address one of the most costly and deadly conditions affecting hospitaliz...

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

Embargo expired on 02-Nov-2017 at 17:30 ET


Bacteria in the Gut Modulates Response to Immunotherapy in Melanoma

Bacteria that live in the human digestive tract can influence how cancer responds to immunotherapy, opening a new avenue for research to improve treatment, a team led by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center reports in the ...

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

Science

Embargo expired on 02-Nov-2017 at 14:00 ET


Psoriasis and Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients are Prescribed Similar Drugs, Yet Psoriasis Patients Face Higher Liver Disease Risk

Compared to controls, patients with psoriasis (PsO) are at higher risk for serious liver disease than patients with rheumatoid arthritis – two autoimmune diseases often treated with similar drugs that can cause liver damage.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Journal of Investigative Dermatology; K24-AR064310; K23-AR063764; K23-AR068433; T32-GM075766; T32-AR007465-32; K08-AA021424; R01 AA026302-01; P30 DK019525...

Embargo expired on 02-Nov-2017 at 17:00 ET


Sleeping Through the Snoring: Researchers ID Neurons That Rouse the Brain to Breathe

A common and potentially serious sleep disorder, obstructive sleep apnea affects at least one quarter of U.S. adults and is linked to increased risk of diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular disease. In a paper published today in the journal Neuron, re...

– Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Neuron; G. Harold and Leila Y. Mathers foundation; 2P01 HL095491; NS085477

Embargo expired on 02-Nov-2017 at 12:00 ET


Cosmetic Surgery on Social Media – Patients Rate Preferred Social Media Sites and Content

Plastic surgeons using social media to attract patients should know their audience's preferred social media platforms and the types of posts of greatest interest, according to a survey study in the November issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery


Closing the Rural Health Gap: Media Update from RWJF and Partners on Rural Health Disparities

Rural counties continue to rank lowest among counties across the U.S., in terms of health outcomes. A group of national organizations including the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the National 4-H Council are leading the way to close the rural hea...

– Newswise

Virtual Press Briefing - Closing the Rural Health Gap


How Toxic Air Clouds Mental Health

University of Washington researchers have found a link between air pollution and psychological distress. The higher the level of particulates in the air, the UW-led study showed, the greater the impact on mental health. The study is believed to be t...

– University of Washington

Health & Place


Noninvasive Procedure Is Superior to Steroid Injection for Painful Knee Osteoarthritis

For patients with osteoarthritis of the knee, a minimally invasive procedure called cooled radiofrequency ablation (CRFA) provides better pain reduction and functional improvement compared to steroid injection of the knee, concludes a study in Region...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine


Nicotine’s Hold: What the Gut and Gender Have to Do with It

Many people who smoke or chew tobacco can’t seem to escape nicotine’s addictive properties. Studies show that women in particular seem to have a harder time quitting, even with assistance, when compared to men. Now, scientists report in a mouse s...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Chemical Research in Toxicology


Saliva Proteins Could Explain Why Some People Overuse Salt

Many Americans consume too much salt. Now in a study appearing in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, scientists report that people who can easily taste salt have differing amounts of certain proteins in their saliva than those who are le...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry


UGA, Sanofi Pasteur Develop New Broadly Protective Vaccines for H3N2 Influenza

Researchers have developed a vaccine candidate that protects against multiple co-circulating strains of H3N2 influenza isolated over five seasons following testing in mouse and ferret models.

– University of Georgia

Journal of Virology


Study Shows Azithromycin Overprescribed for Childhood Pneumonia

A combination of two antibiotics is often prescribed to treat community-acquired pneumonia in children but a JAMA Pediatrics study is now showing that using just one of the two has the same benefit to patients in most case

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center

JAMA Pediatrics


Mindfulness May Help Mothers Cope with Stress When Their Babies Have a Heart Condition

Mindfulness may offer an active coping mechanism for mothers faced with the stress of having a newborn diagnosed with congenital heart disease (CHD). Mindfulness, which aims to increase a person’s awareness and acceptance of daily experiences, is c...

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Journal of Pediatric Nursing, Aug. 12, 2017


Understanding the Complexities of Non-Invasive Prenatal Screening for Pregnant Women

As the use of non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) grows, there has been concern within the medical community that a poor understanding of this technique among clinicians and patients could negatively impact pregnancies. A review published today in...

– American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC)

The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine, Nov-2017


In Autism, Too Many Brain Connections May Be at Root of Condition

Mutations in a gene linked to autism in people causes neurons to form too many connections in rodents, according to a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The findings suggest that malfunctions in communication betwee...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Nature Communications, Nov-2017; NS051255; ALTF 889-2011


Scientists Decipher Mechanisms Underlying the Biology of Aging

Scientists have helped decipher the dynamics that control how our cells age, and with it implications for extending human longevity. The group used cutting-edge computational and experimental approaches to discover new details about chromatin silenci...

– University of California San Diego

PNAS-Oct-2017

includes video


Rutgers Reflects: Five Years Since Sandy

It has been five years since Hurricane Sandy claimed the lives of more than a hundred people and upended the lives of millions more along the mid-Atlantic coast. After the storm, New York City called upon the Rutgers School of Public Health to train ...

– Rutgers School of Public Health


Severe Headaches, Sudden Paralysis Lead to Life-Saving Removal of Brain Tumor at NYU Langone Hospital – Brooklyn

Diana Lipari, 36, was rushed to NYU Langone Hospital – Brooklyn where a series of radiological exams revealed a two-inch mass on her brain at the base of her skull. Dr. David Gordon performed life-saving neurosurgery.

– NYU Langone Hospital - Brooklyn


‘Super T Cells’ Engineered for Optimal Performance Drive New Roswell Park Gene-Therapy Approach

Researchers at Roswell Park Cancer Institute have initiated a clinical trial based on a unique two-pronged strategy for arming the immune system to more effectively attack cancer cells.

– Roswell Park Cancer Institute

R01CA164333; P30CA016056

includes video


Humanitarian Paul Farmer Wins Prestigious MacLean Center Ethics Prize

Acclaimed physician and global health worker Paul Farmer, MD, PhD, is the winner of the 2017 MacLean Center Prize in Clinical Medical Ethics, the largest such award in the field.

– University of Chicago Medical Center


The Science of Consciousness

The Science of Consciousness (‘TSC’) is an interdisciplinary conference emphasizing broad and rigorous approaches to all aspects of the study and understanding of conscious awareness. Topical areas include neuroscience, philosophy, psychology, bi...

– Center for Consciousness Studies, University of Arizona, Department of Anesthesiology


Johns Hopkins Researchers Launch Interdisciplinary Effort for Breast Cancer

What do math, physics and engineering tell us about breast cancer? They could tell us a lot, say Johns Hopkins scientists. They’re using a $5 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to unite biologists, clinicians and engineers at the new ...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine


Penn Medicine Names Suzanne Rose, MD, MSEd as Senior Vice Dean for Medical Education in the Perelman School of Medicine

Suzanne Rose, MD, MSEd, a renowned leader in medical education, has been named senior vice dean for Medical Education in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania


Chicago Students to Get Hands-on Cancer Research Experience Through $1.9 Million Grant to UChicago Medicine

The University of Chicago Medicine received a $1.9 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to launch a two-year program to provide immersive laboratory and research training for high school and undergraduate students.

– University of Chicago Medical Center


Mechanical Engineering Faculty Member Awarded Grant by National Institutes of Health

Craig Snoeyink Craig Snoeyink, an assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering in the Edward E. Whitacre Jr. College of Engineering, has been awarded a grant by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) worth $385,900 that will allow...

– Texas Tech University


Mayo Clinic Names New Chief Financial Officer

After an extensive national search, Dennis Dahlen has been named chief financial officer, Mayo Clinic.

– Mayo Clinic


Easy Test to Find Out if You May Have Early Signs of Dementia or Alzheimer's

Douglas Scharre, director of the division of Cognitive Neurology at the The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, talks about a test you can take to determine if you may have the early signs of demential or Alzheimer's. He also talks about how...

– Ohio State University

includes video

Science News


Synthetic Material Acts Like an Insect Cloaking Device

Synthetic microspheres with nanoscale holes can absorb light from all directions across a wide range of frequencies, making it a candidate for antireflective coatings, according to a team of Penn State engineers.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Nature Communications Nov-2017

Embargo expired on 03-Nov-2017 at 06:00 ET


Nanosensors Demystify Brain Chemistry

Nanosensors are incredible information-gathering tools for myriad applications, including molecular targets such as the brain. Neurotransmitter molecules govern brain function through chemistry found deep within the brain, so University of California...

– AVS: Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing

AVS 64th annual International Symposium and Exhibition

Embargo expired on 02-Nov-2017 at 14:20 ET


Modeling Surface Chemistry and Predicting New Materials

The ruddy flakes of a rusted nail are a sure sign that an undesirable chemical reaction has occurred at the surface. Understanding how molecules and atoms behave with each other, especially at surfaces, is central to managing both desirable chemical ...

– AVS: Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing

AVS 64th annual International Symposium and Exhibition

Embargo expired on 02-Nov-2017 at 14:20 ET


How Do Adult Brain Circuits Regulate New Neuron Production?

UNC School of Medicine neuroscientists discover a long-distance brain circuit that controls the production of new neurons in the hippocampus. Research could have implications for understanding and treating many brain disorders, including epilepsy, sc...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Cell Stem Cell

Embargo expired on 02-Nov-2017 at 12:00 ET


Let There Be (White) Light: New Materials Shine Out

Modifying the internal structure of 2-D hybrid perovskite materials causes them to emit white light.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Journal of the American Chemical Society 139, 5210(2017).[DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b01312]


Hubble Sees Nearby Asteroids Photobombing Distant Galaxies

Photobombing asteroids from our solar system have snuck their way into this deep image of the universe taken by NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope. These asteroids reside roughly 160 million miles from Earth, yet they’ve horned their way into this pic...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

includes video


Jellyfish-Inspired Electronic Skin Glows When It Gets Hurt

Electronic-skin technologies for prosthetics and robots can detect the slightest touch or breeze.But oddly, the sensors that make this possible do not respond effectively to a harmful blow. Now researchers report in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces


Honey, I Shrunk the Features for Low-Cost, Flexible, Large-Area Electronics

Exploiting reversible solubility allows for direct, optical patterning of unprecedentedly small features.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Advanced Materials 29, 1603221 (2017). [DOI: 10.1002/adma.201603221]; Chemistry of Materials 29, 832-841 (2017). [DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b04880]


Exotic Nucleus Exhibits Curious Shape

A new shape measurement of unstable ruthenium-110 has found this nucleus to be similar to a squashed football.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physics Letters B 766, 334-338 (2017). [DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2017.01.031]


UC-Led Genomic Study Reveals Clues to Wild Past of Grapes

About 22,000 years ago, as the ice sheets that consumed much of North America and Europe began retreating, humans started to consume a fruit that today brings joy to millions of wine drinkers around the world: grapes

– University of California, Irvine

Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, Nov-2017


Penny-Wise, Pound-Foolish Decisions Explained by Neurons’ Firing

People sometimes spend as much time deciding whether to spend a few cents more on groceries as they do deciding whether to spend a few thousand dollars extra when buying a car. A new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis sh...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Nature Communications, Oct-2017; R01-DA032758; R01-MH104494; T32-GM008151; F31-MH107111


Protecting the Wild: Baylor Professor Helps to Minimize Recreation Disturbance to Wildlife

In a cover story published this week in the Ecological Society of America’s premier journal, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Kevin J. Gutzwiller, Ph.D., professor of biology in Baylor University’s College of Arts & Sciences, and co-auth...

– Baylor University

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment


Story Tips from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory, November 2017

ORNL story tips, November 2017: Fast-learning computing technique supports hurricane damage assessments; neutrons unlock liquid flow mystery; “puckering” 2D material creates tunable energy gap; window air conditioning prototype allows safe use of...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

includes video


California State University Interns Tackle So Cal's Water Woes

The California State University’s Water Resources and Policy Initiatives (WRPI) has launched a grant-funded program this fall that gives students hands-on internship experience while helping to solve water problems impacting Southern California.

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office


Fifty Years of Vision Research Opens Window Into the Brain

The eye is more than a window to the soul; it is a window to the brain. To highlight the important connection between vision science and neuroscience, the NIH’s National Eye Institute is kicking off its 50th anniversary celebration with the symposi...

– NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience


Identifying Pathogens That Cause Soybean Stem Canker

Soybean diseases caused by various species of Diaporthe pathogens are on the rise and scientists are identifying the pathogens behind this increase.

Expert Available

– South Dakota State University

Plant Disease, August 2015; Plant Disease, November 2016


Georgia State Physicist Gets $400,000 Grant to Study Solar Energy Conversion

Dr. Gary Hastings, a professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Georgia State University, has received a two-year, $400,000 federal grant to study solar energy conversion in photosynthesis.

– Georgia State University


DHS S&T partners with NFL, MLB and NBA For Increased Security

Three major sporting leagues: NFL, MLB, and NBA, have played a key role in significantly upgrading and strengthening security at stadiums and arenas throughout the country with the help of the DHS S&T SAFETY Act.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Study Finds Fringe Communities on Reddit and 4chan Have High Influence on Flow of Alternative News to Twitter

Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Cyprus University of Technology and University College London have conducted the first large-scale measurement of how mainstream and alternative news flows through multiple social media platform...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham


WVU Researchers to Hold NIH-Funded Camp That Turns High Schoolers Into Citizen Scientists

The National Institute of General Medical Sciences, a division of the National Institutes of Health, has awarded West Virginia University's Ann Chester $270,000 for one year to help high-schoolers forge those “magical relationships” and conside...

– West Virginia University


New Intelligence Analysis Program Addresses Growing Industry Need

Indiana State University's department of criminology and criminal justice will officially launch its new program in intelligence analysis as early as 2019.

– Indiana State University


New Game Highlights the Challenges of Reporting Sexual Harassment

"Hurl the Harasser," created by the American University Game Lab, tackles the issues sexual harassment victims face, and what happens when women come together to speak out.

Expert Available

– American University


Professor's "News Literacy" Guide Provides Tools to Discern Fake News

In the era of "fake news," cyber attacks and "alternative facts," a Baldwin Wallace University professor arms teachers and students with a guide to distinguish the truth from deceptive information.

Expert Available

– Baldwin Wallace University


APA Commends Many Recommendations of President's Opioid Commission

The report of President Trump’s commission on combating the opioid epidemic sets the stage for an effective national response, but the need for adequate funding remains unaddressed, according to the American Psychological Association.

– American Psychological Association (APA)


Upcoming SNEB Webinar on Geo-fencing Shows Nutrition Educators Cost-Effective Solution to Reaching a Broader Audience

This webinar, sponsored by ASNNA and the SNEB Communications Division, will cover geo-fencing—the practice of restricting online content to particular geographic regions—by using specific examples on Facebook and Google's advertising platforms to...

– Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior


UVM's Sustainable Innovation MBA Ranked No. 1 Best Green MBA in America by 'The Princeton Review'

Six years ago when Sanjay Sharma took over as dean of the Grossman School of Business, he set his sights on an ambitious goal: to become the top MBA program in the country for sustainable innovation. That dream became reality on Oct. 31 when The P...

– University of Vermont

includes video

Business News


Mitchell L. Morgan to Receive 21st Annual Musser Award from Temple University's Fox School of Business

The founder and chairman of Morgan Properties will receive the school's highest honor Wednesday, Nov. 8

– Temple University

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