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Wednesday, December 6, 2017

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Medical
(24 New)
Science
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Life
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Medical News


“Green” Cataract Surgery Model Drastically Reduces Environmental Footprint

Faculty at NYU School of Medicine report that a healthcare center in India's model for cataract surgery emits 96 percent less carbon than in the United Kingdom -- and a likely even greater savings in the United States -- while yielding comparable or ...

– NYU Langone Health

Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, Dec-2017

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 00:00 ET


Brain Remaps Itself in a Child with Double Hand Transplant

The first child to undergo a successful hand transplant also is the first child in whom scientists have detected massive changes in how sensations from the hands are represented in the brain. The brain reorganization is thought to have begun six year...

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology, Dec. 6, 2017; HD086984, DC008871

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 00:05 ET


Researchers 3d Print Lifelike Artificial Organ Models

A team of researchers led by the University of Minnesota has 3D printed lifelike artificial organ models that mimic the exact anatomical structure, mechanical properties, and look and feel of real organs. These patient-specific organ models, which in...

– University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

Advanced Materials Technologies

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET

includes video


Scientists Create Successful Mass Production System for Bioengineered Livers

Researchers report creating a biologically accurate mass-production platform that overcomes major barriers to bioengineering human liver tissues suitable for therapeutic transplant into people.

– Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Cell Reports, Dec. 5, 2017

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET


When the Doctor's Away

Substitute, for-hire physicians commonly care for hospitalized patients when doctors are sick or away. Information about outcomes is largely lacking, but a new study brings some much-needed insight. Results show no differences in 30-day mortality rat...

– Harvard Medical School

JAMA; 1DP5OD017897

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 11:00 ET


Pittsburgh Caregivers Face Higher Costs, Provide More Complex Care

SW Pennsylvania far exceeds national averages for telltale signs of the stress and risk faced by caregivers.

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 00:05 ET


Evolutionary Biologists Say Recently Discovered Fossil Shows Transition of a Reptile From Life on Land to Life in the Sea

Using modern research tools on a 155-million-year-old reptile fossil, scientists at Johns Hopkins and the American Museum of Natural History report they have filled in some important clues to the evolution of animals that once roamed land and transit...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Royal Society Open Science


Combination Strategy Could Hold Promise for Ovarian Cancer

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers demonstrated that mice with ovarian cancer that received drugs to reactivate dormant genes along with other drugs that activate the immune system had a greater reduction of tumor burden and significantly...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.; OC130454/W81XWH-14-1-0385, 2CA183214, K99CA204592, P30CA006973


Most People in Favour of Screening for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Research from the University of Warwick indicates that most people are in favour of newborn screening for the potentially deadly condition spinal muscular atrophy (SMA).

– University of Warwick

olecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine; ES/K002090/1


UTSW Researchers Identify Possible New Way to Treat Parasitic Infections

UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have identified a chemical that suppresses the lethal form of a parasitic infection caused by roundworms that affects up to 100 million people and usually causes only mild symptoms.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


New Process Could Be Key to Understanding Complex Rearrangements in Genome

A team led by Tufts University biologists has successfully harnessed new technology to develop an approach that could allow for rapid and precise identification of the CGRs involved in disease, cancer and disorder development, which is critical for d...

– Tufts University

Genome Research, Dec-2017; P01GM105473; R35GM118020; R01GM60987


Obesity Prevented in Mice Fed High-Fat Diet

Washington University researchers activated the Hedgehog protein pathway in the fat cells of mice. After eight weeks of eating a high-fat diet, mice that had been engineered with genes to activate the pathway didn’t gain weight, but control animals...

– Washington University in St. Louis

eLife


Pregnant Women with PTSD Have Higher Levels of Stress Hormone Cortisol

Research has shown that a woman's emotional and physical health during pregnancy impacts a developing fetus. However, less is known about the effect of past stressors and posttraumatic stress disorder on an expectant woman.

– University of Michigan

Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing.


Mount Sinai Surgeons Remove Cancerous Lymph Nodes in the Neck Through Hidden Scar Procedure

A team of surgeons at Mount Sinai Beth Israel have performed the first robot-assisted radical neck dissection in the United States using the bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA), a surgery that involves removing all of the lymph nodes on one side ...

– Mount Sinai Health System

VideoEndocrinology, Dec-2017

includes video


In Multiple Myeloma, High Levels of Enzyme ADAR1 are Associated with Reduced Survival

Using a database of multiple myeloma patient samples and information, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine found that high ADAR1 levels correlate with reduced survival rates. They also determined that blocking the enzy...

– University of California San Diego Health

Nature Communications


Reducing Light and Noise Made a Psychiatric ICU Unit Calmer and Safer, Study Says

Turning down the lights and reducing noise levels as part of a stimulation reduction initiative can decrease assaults and the amount of time patients must spend in restraint at psychiatric intensive care units, according to new research from UAB.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, Oct. 2017


Good News from Trio of Phase One Zika Vaccine Trials

More than 90 percent of study volunteers in the 3 trials who received the investigational vaccine demonstrated an immune response to Zika virus.

– Saint Louis University Medical Center

The Lancet


Mitochondrial Protein in Cardiac Muscle Cells Linked to Heart Failure, Study Finds

Reducing a protein found in the mitochondria of cardiac muscle cells initiates cardiac dysfunction and heart failure, a finding that could provide insight for new treatments for cardiovascular diseases, a study led by Georgia State University has sho...

– Georgia State University

Circulation


In Scientific First, Seattle Children's Researchers Engineer B Cells to Treat Disease

Scientists at Seattle Children’s Research Institute have unlocked the ability to engineer B cells, uncovering a potential new cell therapy that could someday prevent and cure disease.

– Seattle Children's Hospital

Molecular Therapy, 22 November 2017


Vanderbilt Health Receives National Designation for Excellence in Infection Prevention

Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) is the first health system in the nation to receive the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) Program of Distinction designation, an acknowledgement of excellence for in...

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center


Warwick Academic Named as Emerging Leader in Cell Biology

A University of Warwick academic is to be awarded for their outstanding contribution to UK cell biology.

– University of Warwick


National Experts Map Out Adolescent and Young Adult (AYA) Cancer Research Agenda

Researchers at the Case Comprehensive Cancer Center at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, are focusing their efforts on adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer research. More than 50 leaders from top cancer research institutions will...

– Case Western Reserve University

AYA National Research Strategy Meeting


Seattle Surgeon Eileen Metzer Bulger, MD, FACS, Is Next Chair of the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma

The Board of Regents of the American College of Surgeons (ACS) recently appointed Eileen Metzger Bulger, MD, FACS, as the next Chair of the ACS Committee on Trauma (COT).

– American College of Surgeons (ACS)


Comber Named to Association Forum’s 2017 Forty Under 40 Industry Leaders

AANA CFIO receives coveted award as someone under 40 years old in healthcare business to watch.

– American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA)

Science News


Microwaved Exploding Eggs Make for an Unusual Acoustic Experiment

If you have looked closely at a microwave’s warnings or have experienced an accidental explosion, you know that certain foods pose a risk due to an increase in their internal pressure, and potatoes and hard-boiled eggs are among the most common cul...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET


Marine Invertebrates Have Noisy Human Neighbors

Marine invertebrates are impacted by the rising levels of underwater noise produced by humans, but the production of underwater noise is not only difficult to control, but the direct effect on marine invertebrates can be challenging to observe or mea...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET


Alarming Amounts of Noise Demand Ways to Silence Noisy Hospital Environments

Spending a night in the hospital is not only stressful, but also loud. The constant beeps, whirrs and alarms ascend to a cacophony that produces anything but a relaxing, restful environment. Researchers will summarize the limited number of studies av...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET


Disorders of the Voice Can Affect a Politician’s Success

The acoustics of political speech are known to be a powerful influencer of voter preferences, but vocal disorders can change the qualities of a person’s speech, and voice scientists in France have found that this alters politicians’ perceived cha...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET


What Gave Early New Orleans Jazz Clarinets Their Unique Sound?

The hauntingly beautiful “wailing” sounds of early New Orleans jazz clarinets, often featured in brass bands or jazz funerals, are one of the most distinctive instrument styles in American music. The unique sound begs the question: What’s behin...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET


Want to Listen Better? Lend a Right Ear

Listening requires sensitive hearing and the ability to process information into cohesive meaning. Add everyday background noise and constant interruptions, and the ability to comprehend what is heard becomes that much more difficult. Audiology resea...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

174th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET


Freezing Trees, Finding Answers

Ice storms can wreak havoc on communities. Frozen limbs, dragged down by the weight of the ice, can snap off and fall on cars, homes, and power lines. But scientists aren’t sure how ice storms affect long-term forest health. Researchers are changin...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Annual Meeting of the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2017 at 09:00 ET


Celldance Videos Intrigue Viewers at 2017 ASCB|EMBO Meeting with Stories of How Pathogens Invade; How Cells Navigate

Two dazzling cell biology themed videos created by researchers who are members of the American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB) premiered on Tuesday, Dec. 5, at the 2017 ASCB|EMBO Meeting in Philadelphia as part of ASCB’s Celldance program.

– American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB)

ASCB | EMBO 2017 Meeting

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 13:15 ET

includes video


Lab-Engineered Ovaries Superior to Hormone Drugs in Animal Model

New research in rats suggests the possibility of bioengineering artificial ovaries in the lab to provide a safer, more natural hormone replacement therapy for women. A safe therapy, with the potential to improve bone and uterine health, as well as bo...

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 11:00 ET


Men with HPV Are 20 Times More Likely to Be Reinfected After One Year

An analysis of HPV in men shows that infection with one type strongly increased the risk of reinfection of the same type. The study highlights the importance of vaccination for preventing the spread of HPV in young men before they become sexually act...

– University of Chicago Medical Center

PNAS, Dec-2017

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET


Protein-Folding Simulations Sped Up

Proteins are huge molecules whose function depends on how they fold into intricate structures. To understand how these molecules work, researchers use computer modeling to calculate how proteins fold. Now, a new algorithm can accelerate those vital s...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Journal of Chemical Physics

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 11:00 ET


Study Finds Link Between Fragile X Syndrome Gene and Uncontrolled Tissue Growth

A study led by Indiana University researchers found a previously undetected link between the gene that causes fragile X syndrome and increased tissue growth in the intestines of fruit flies modified to model the disease.

– Indiana University

Cell Reports; R01GM124220; R21OD019916

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET


Gut Microbiome Influenced Heavily by Social Circles in Lemurs, UT Study Says

Social group membership is the most important factor in structuring gut microbiome composition, even when considering shared diet, environment and kinship, according to research on lemurs at The University of Texas at Austin.

– University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

Proceedings of the Royal Society B

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2017 at 19:05 ET


Nanomaterials: How to Separate Linear and Ring-Shaped Molecules

What is the difference between linear chains and rings composed of the same material? The molecular building blocks are identical, but from a mathematical point of view the two structures have distinct topologies, namely ring and linear chain. This d...

– University of Vienna

ACS Macro Letters


In First, 3-D Printed Objects Connect to WiFi Without Electronics

University of Washington engineers have developed the first 3-D printed plastic objects that can connect to other devices via WiFi without using any electronics, including a laundry bottle that can detect when soap is running low and automatically or...

– University of Washington

SIGGRAPH Conference and Exhibition on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques

includes video


Dark Fiber: Using Sensors Beneath Our Feet to Tell Us About Earthquakes, Water, and Other Geophysical Phenomenon

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have shown for the first time that dark fiber – the vast network of unused fiber-optic cables installed throughout the country and the world – can be ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

10.1002/2017GL075722


New Quick, Portable Test for Iron, Vitamin a Deficiency Could Help Save Lives Around the World

Cornell University engineers and nutritionists have created a swift solution for a challenging global health problem: a low-cost, rapid test to detect iron and vitamin A deficiencies at the point of care.

– Cornell University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Scientists Find Potential Weapons for the Battle Against Antibiotic Resistance

This UNC research shows how understanding the precise mix of bacteria and their interactions could become a standard part of clinical practice in treating bacterial infections, especially the more dangerous infections involving antibiotic resistance....

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

PLoS Biology


How to Keep Students in Science

Thousands of undergraduates engage in real scientific discovery through HHMI’s Science Education Alliance. A new analysis finds that they are more likely to persist in science than students who take traditional laboratory courses.

– Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

PNAS, Dec-2017


WVU Physicists Tune the Dynamics of Exotic Quantum Particles

Physicists at West Virginia University have discovered a way to control a newly discovered quantum particle, potentially leading to faster computers and other electronic devices.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

Physical Review; Science


Hybrid Electrolyte Enhances Supercapacitance inVertical Graphene Nanosheets

Supercapacitors can store more energy than and are preferable to batteries because they are able to charge faster, mainly due to the vertical graphene nanosheets that are larger and positioned closer together. Using VGNs as the material for superca...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Journal of Applied Physics


Living Cell Membranes Can Self-Sort Their Components by 'Demixing'

Scientists at the University of Washington show for the first time that the complex distribution of molecules within a membrane of a living yeast cell arises through demixing.

– University of Washington

Biophysical Journal


Engineers Uncover the Design Principles of Cellular Compartments

Membraneless organelles are tiny droplets inside a single cell, thought to regulate everything from division, to movement, to its very destruction. New research from engineers at Washington University in St. Louis uncovers the principles underlying t...

– Washington University in St. Louis

eLife


UGA Researchers Seek Answer to Personal Hurricane Evacuation Decisions

Why do some people living in the path of a major hurricane decide to evacuate while others stay put? That’s what researchers at the University of Georgia want to know so that they can improve how emergency evacuations are handled.

– University of Georgia


Johns Hopkins Scientists Explain Rudolph, Grinch, Scrooge

A reindeer with a red glowing nose. A heart, two sizes two small, that suddenly grows three sizes. A trip to the past and to the future — all in one night. Researchers dug deep into their reserves of scientific expertise to explain how these inexpl...

– Johns Hopkins University

includes video


U.S. Customs and Border Protection to Interdict Contraband without Slowing the Flow of Goods via a Common Viewer System

Whether it is tractor-trailer rigs at our land crossings or any of the 11 million containers coming into our seaports every year, the challenge for Customs Officers is to quickly examine their contents with mission focus.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate


Making humanity's challenges smaller and smaller: UW launches Institute for Nano-Engineered Systems

The University of Washington has launched a new institute aimed at accelerating research at the nanoscale: the Institute for Nano-Engineered Systems, or NanoES. Housed in a new, multimillion-dollar facility on the UW's Seattle campus, the institute w...

– University of Washington


Vehicles of the Future Put to the Test

University of Delaware researchers are looking at ways to maximize fuel efficiency in automated vehicles. A new facility, equipped with six driving simulators that can represent human-driven vehicles all linked together in a transportation environmen...

– University of Delaware

includes video


Global Temperature Report: November 2017

Global temperatures drop; November still warm

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Exploring Biodiversity of Parasitic Wasps at Smithsonian

A senior research project on parasitic wasps that feed on aphids led to a summer internship at the Smithsonian Institute that was a dream come true for an entomology graduate student.

– South Dakota State University


Gulf of Mexico Alliance Announces 2017 Gulf Star Projects

GOMA announces 11 recipients receiving a combined total of over $666,000 dollars in the 2017 Gulf Star Program.

– Gulf of Mexico Alliance


Earthquake Codes Developed by SDSC, SDSU, SCEC Used in 2017 Gordon Bell Prize Research

A Chinese team of researchers awarded this year’s prestigious Gordon Bell prize for simulating the devastating 1976 earthquake in Tangshan, China, used an open-source code developed by researchers at the San Diego Supercomputer Center at UC San Die...

– University of California San Diego

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Big Data May Amplify Existing Police Surveillance Practices

With access to more personal data than ever before, police have the power to solve crimes more quickly, but in practice, the influx of information tends to amplify existing practices, according to sociological research at the University of Texas at A...

– American Sociological Association (ASA)

American Sociological Review


Once They Start Composting, People Find Other Ways to Be “Green”

Composting food scraps can prompt people to make other earth-friendly choices, new research has found. When one California city started a composting program to keep food waste out of its landfill, residents began to pay more attention to other enviro...

– Ohio State University

Environment and Behavior


Hearing Different Accents at Home Impacts Language Processing in Infants

Infants raised in homes where they hear a single language, but spoken with different accents, recognize words dramatically differently at about 12 months of age than their age-matched peers exposed to little variation in accent, according to a Univer...

– University at Buffalo

Journal of the Acoustical Society of America


Women Who Attempt Suicide Exhibit Different Protein Levels Years After the Attempt, New Research Shows

Women with a history of suicide attempts exhibit different levels of a specific protein in their bloodstream than those with no history of suicide attempts, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, Sept-2017


Youth Who Experience Violent Victimization Seek Intimate Relationships at an Earlier Age

A new American Sociological Review study has found that experiencing violence as an adolescent leads to early romantic relationships and cohabitating. On average, they found that victimized youth entered romantic relationships nine months earlier tha...

– American Sociological Association (ASA)

American Sociological Review


Babson College to Award Full-Tuition Scholarships to Public High School Students in Boston, Lawrence, San Francisco, and Miami

Babson College is offering four-year, full-tuition Diversity Leadership Awards to public high school students in San Francisco, Miami, and Boston, as well as neighboring Lawrence, Massachusetts. Students receiving such scholarships demonstrate the gr...

– Babson College


Vets4Warriors Announces Collaboration with Cohen Veterans Network

Vets4Warriors Announces Collaboration with Cohen Veterans Network

– Rutgers University


Faculty Awarded NOAA Grant to Improve Tornado Warnings for Deaf

Researchers at The University of Alabama will study how tornado warnings could be improved in their accessibility and comprehension by members of the Deaf, Blind and Deaf-Blind communities.

– University of Alabama


Three Earn Prestigious Scholarships to U.K., Ireland

Three members of the Northwestern University Class of 2018 are headed to Western Europe for prestigious scholarship programs.

– Northwestern University


How a Physics Class Is Changing Student Attitudes for the Better

Michigan State University professors are taking a newer way of teaching a required introductory physics course and making it more meaningful for students who often start out with an unfavorable outlook and think they’ll never use physics later on. ...

– Michigan State University

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