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Newswise Daily Wire
Friday, December 15, 2017

Public Edition | newswise.com

Medical
(35 New)
Science
(24 New)
Life
(5 New)
Business
(1 New)
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Medical News


Exposure to Larger Air Particles Linked to Increased Risk of Asthma in Children

Researchers at The Johns Hopkins University report statistical evidence that children exposed to airborne coarse particulate matter — a mix of dust, sand and non-exhaust tailpipe emissions, such as tire rubber — are more likely to develop asthma ...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine; K23AI103187, R21AI107085, RD835871

Embargo expired on 15-Dec-2017 at 06:00 ET


Coarse Particulate Matter May Increase Asthma Risk

Children exposed to coarse particulate matter may be more likely to develop asthma and to be treated in an ER or be hospitalized for the condition, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Re...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Embargo expired on 15-Dec-2017 at 00:15 ET


Clinical Trial Does Not Support the Use of Bortezomib for Kidney Transplant Recipients

• In a trial of kidney transplant recipients with late antibody-mediated rejection, treatment with bortezomib, a type of proteasome inhibitor, failed to improve the function of transplanted kidneys and prevent immunologic tissue injury. • Bortez...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN)

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2017 at 17:00 ET


Survival Rates Are Improving for Individuals with Kidney Failure

• In the United States, the excess risk of kidney failure–related death decreased by 12% to 27% over any 5-year interval between 1995 and 2013. • Decreases in excess mortality over time were observed for all ages and both during treatment wit...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN)

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2017 at 17:00 ET


How Defeating THOR Could Bring a Hammer Down on Cancer

Researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center uncovered a novel gene they named THOR. It's a long non-coding RNA that plays a role in cancer development. Knocking it out can halt the growth of tumors.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Cell; U01CA113913 ; R01 CA154365

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET


“Bet Hedging” Explains the Efficacy of Many Combination Cancer Therapies

Benefits of many cancer drug combinations are not due to drug synergy, but to “bet hedging.” Combinations give each patient multiple chances of responding to at least one drug, increasing survival within patient populations. Findings suggest new ...

– Harvard Medical School

Cell

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET


Johns Hopkins Scientists Chart How Brain Signals Connect to Neurons

Scientists at Johns Hopkins have used supercomputers to create an atomic scale map that tracks how the signaling chemical glutamate binds to a neuron in the brain. The findings, say the scientists, shed light on the dynamic physics of the chemical’...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Neuron; R01GM094495

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET

includes video


Researchers Track Muscle Stem Cell Dynamics in Response to Injury and Aging

A new study led by SBP describes the biology behind why muscle stem cells respond differently to aging or injury. The findings, published in Cell Stem Cell, have important implications for the normal wear and tear of aging.

– Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Cell Stem Cell; R01 AR064873; F31 AR065923-03

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET

includes video


Scientists Pinpoint Gene to Blame for Poorer Survival Rate in Early-Onset Breast Cancer Patients

A new study led by scientists at the University of Southampton has found that inherited variation in a particular gene may be to blame for the lower survival rate of patients diagnosed with early-onset breast cancer.

– University of Southampton

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2017 at 19:00 ET


Results of Clinical Testing in Retinitis Pigmentosa

In a phase 1/2a study jCyte's investigational therapy, jCell, showed a good safety profile and indications of potential benefit for patients with retinitis pigmentosa

– jCyte

Ophthalmology Innovation Summit


Men, If You Have HPV, Odds Are You Will Be Reinfected with the Same Type

Men infected with HPV16, the type responsible for most HPV-related cancers, are 20 times more likely to be reinfected with the same type of HPV after one year. That is according to a new study published this month in the Proceedings of the National A...

– Moffitt Cancer Center

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Liquid Biopsy Results Differed Substantially Between Two Providers

Two Johns Hopkins prostate cancer researchers found significant disparities when they submitted identical patient samples to two different commercial liquid biopsy providers. Liquid biopsy is a new and noninvasive alternative to tumor tissue sequenci...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

JAMA Oncology


Researchers Identify Way to Block Malaria-Causing Parasites’ Ability to Shield Themselves Against Drug Treatment

Indiana University School of Medicine researchers have identified a way to block the ability of parasites that cause malaria to shield themselves against drug treatments in infected mice—a finding that could lead to the development of new approache...

– Indiana University

Cell Host & Microbe, Dec-2017


Allergens Widespread in Largest Study of U.S. Homes

Allergens are widespread, but highly variable in U.S. homes, according to the nation’s largest indoor allergen study to date. Researchers from the National Institutes of Health report that over 90 percent of homes had three or more detectable aller...

– National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology; Z01ES025041; UM2AI117870; P30ES005605


Genetics May Play Role in Chronic Pain After Surgery

Genetics may play a role in determining whether patients experience chronic pain after surgery, suggests a study published today in the Online First edition of Anesthesiology, the peer-reviewed medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiolog...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

American Society of Anesthesiologists


Tumor Mutational Burden and Response to Immune Checkpoint Therapy

Researchers at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey examined an association between mutational burden and response to immune checkpoint therapy in several cancer types and found that a mutational burden threshold exists in eight cancers that predic...

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

JCO Precision Oncology, Dec-2017


Womb Natural Killer Cell Discovery Could Lead to Screening for Miscarriage Risk

For the first time the functions of natural killer cells in the womb have been identified.

– University of Warwick

eLife; RMRRH0035; RMRRH0019


High Success Rate Reported for Diabetic Charcot Foot Surgery

Nearly four out of five diabetic patients with severe cases of a disabling condition called Charcot foot were able to walk normally again following surgery, a Loyola Medicine study has found.

– Loyola University Health System

Foot & Ankle International


Muscle Paralysis May Increase Bone Loss

Muscle paralysis rapidly causes inflammation in nearby bone marrow, which may promote the formation of large cells that break down bone, a new study finds.

– American Physiological Society (APS)

American Journal of Physiology—Cell Physiology


Stressed-Out Worms Hit the Snooze Button

When you catch a nasty cold, curling up in bed to sleep may be the only activity you can manage. Sleeping in response to stress isn’t a uniquely human behavior: many other animals have the same reaction, and it’s not clear why. While the circadia...

– Genetics Society of America

Genetics


Study Explores Patient-Doctor Communication About Opioid Tapering

Increased scrutiny of opioid prescribing for patients with chronic pain has led providers and healthcare organizations to consider opioid-dose reductions, known as tapering. Such actions can precipitate communication challenges for primary-care phys...

– American Pain Society

The Journal of Pain


Mayo Clinic研究显示:Emojis(表情符号)能帮助跟踪癌症患者的生活质量

...

– Mayo Clinic


Estudio Identifica ObstáCulos Al Trasplante Como Terapia Para Mieloma MúLtiple en Minorías Raciales

Un estudio de Mayo Clinic descubrió que entre los obstáculos para que los pacientes se sometan al trasplante de células madre como parte del tratamiento para el mieloma múltiple están la educación, el seguro de salud y el acceso a atención mé...

– Mayo Clinic


New Cellular Approach Found to Control Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease

Researchers have demonstrated for the first time that extracellular vesicles – tiny protein-filled structures – isolated from amniotic fluid stem cells (AFSCs) can be used to effectively slow the progression of kidney damage in mice with a type o...

– Children's Hospital Los Angeles Saban Research Institute

Scientific Reports, Dec-2017


Thyroid Cancer Implications and Controversies for Treatment Presented by Megan R. Haymart, MD

At the American Thyroid Association Annual Meeting, Dr. Haymart discussed the controversies in the treatment of low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer and the implications for clinicians and patients alike.

– American Thyroid Association


Nuevo Consorcio Del NIH Hará MáS Eficientes Los Ensayos ClíNicos Para La Enfermedad De Alzheimer Y Otras Demencias Afines

Se espera que un nuevo consorcio de ensayos clínicos fundado por los Institutos Nacionales de Salud (NIH, por sus siglas en inglés) acelere los estudios y los amplíe a terapias para tratar o prevenir la enfermedad de Alzheimer y otras demencias af...

– Mayo Clinic


SLU Researcher Leads Call for Action to Address Gambling Disorders

Scholars from more than 25 universities across the United States have issued a Gambling Call to Action Statement regarding the need for more research on gambling and its mental and physical health consequences.

– Saint Louis University


SLU Receives Grant to Reduce Food Insecurity, Connect Families to Community Resources

With a $580,000 grant from Missouri Foundation for Health, a team of Saint Louis University researchers aims to lower the rate of food insecurity while connecting families to available resources by improving screening practices and follow-up care.

– Saint Louis University Medical Center


Probing Alzheimer’s at Both Ends of the Spectrum

Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have received two grant awards, in partnership with investigators from other institutions, from the National Institutes of Health to conduct major studies on Alzheimer’s disease, t...

– Case Western Reserve University

National Institutes of Health


Barancik Prize To Be Presented at ACTRIMS Forum 2018

Professor Robin Franklin to receive the 2017 Barancik Prize for pioneering work to restore function for people with progressive MS. He will receive the award at ACTRIMS Forum 2018 on February 1 in San Diego, California.

– Americas Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Scleroses (ACTRIMS)

ACTRIMS Forum 2018


FCC, NCI Working with Markey to Improve Rural Cancer Care Via Broadband Access

A new collaboration using resources from the UK Markey Cancer Center, FCC, NCI, and more will evaluate how to use telecommunications to improve access to cancer care for patients in Eastern Kentucky.

– University of Kentucky


Penn Researcher Receives $4M State Award for Multi-Institution Effort to Transform Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury

Douglas H. Smith, MD, the Robert A. Groff Professor of Neurosurgery at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, has received a $4-million, four-year PACT (PA Consortium on Traumatic Brain Injury) award from the Pennsylvania ...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania


American Pain Society Scientific Summit Explores Pain Mechanisms

Understanding Pain Mechanisms is the theme of the American Pain Society’s Scientific Summit, www.americanpainsociety.org, March 4-6 at the Disneyland Hotel in Anaheim. The conference brings together leading pain researchers and clinicians to explor...

– American Pain Society


Penn Medicine | Virtua Strategic Alliance Brings First Proton Therapy to South Jersey

Cancer care in South Jersey is about to enter a new era. Penn Medicine, in partnership with Virtua, announced plans to build a new proton facility on the campus of Virtua’s acute care hospital, Virtua Voorhees. The new $35 million center, which wil...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania


Pacific University (Ore.) Receives $200,000 From W.M. Keck Foundation for Undergraduate Research Initiative

Grant will fund Undergraduate Research, Scholarship and Creative Inquiry curriculum featuring methodologies unique to the arts and humanities.

– Pacific University (Ore.)

Science News


Columbia Engineers Develop Floating Solar Fuels Rig for Seawater Electrolysis

Chemical Engineering Prof Daniel Esposito has developed a novel photovoltaic-powered electrolysis device that can operate as a stand-alone platform that floats on open water. His floating PV-electrolyzer can be thought of as a “solar fuels rig” t...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy Dec 15 2017

Embargo expired on 15-Dec-2017 at 07:00 ET

includes video


Coalition Seeks to Increase Transparency on Life Science Career Prospects

Nine U.S. research universities and a major cancer institute are announcing plans to give would-be life scientists clear, standardized data on graduate school admissions, education and training opportunities, and career prospects.

– Johns Hopkins University

Science, Dec15-2017

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2017 at 14:00 ET


Creating a World of Make-Believe to Better Understand the Real Universe

Scientists are creating simulated universes – complete with dark matter mock-ups, computer-generated galaxies, quasi quasars, and pseudo supernovae – to better understand real-world observations.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, June 12, 2017

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2017 at 11:00 ET

includes video


More Electronic Materials Opened Up with New Metal-Organic Framework

More materials for electronic applications could be identified, thanks to the discovery of a new metal-organic framework (MOF) that displays electrical semiconduction with a record high photoresponsivity, by a global research collaboration involving ...

– University of Warwick

Nature Communications


Corn Genetics Provides Insight Into the Crop’s Historical Spread Across the Americas

Evolutionary bottlenecks brought on by domestication have caused the genome of corn to retain harmful mutations over the course of millennia, according to a new study from an Iowa State University scientist. The study takes a journey through the past...

– Iowa State University

Genome Biology


Clearing the Air

A greater understanding of the dynamics of chemical reactions is leading to better models of atmospheric chemistry. Through this work, scientists are gaining insight into a key chemical able to break down some major air pollutants.

– Argonne National Laboratory

PNAS, Nov-2017


Scrap the Stethoscope – Engineers Create New Way to Measure Vital Signs with Radio Waves

Cornell University engineers have demonstrated a method for gathering blood pressure, heart rate and breath rate using a cheap and covert system of radio-frequency signals and microchip “tags,” similar to the anti-theft tags department stores pla...

– Cornell University

Nature Electronics

includes video


UNH Researchers Find Effects of Climate Change Could Accelerate By Mid-Century

Environmental models are showing that the effects of climate change could be much stronger by the middle of the 21st century. If carbon dioxide emissions continue at the current rate, scenarios point to a significant decrease in snow days, and an inc...

– University of New Hampshire

Ecology and Society


Drug Discovery Could Accelerate Hugely with Machine Learning

Drug discovery could be significantly accelerated thanks to a new high precision machine-learning model, developed by an international collaboration of researchers, including the University of Warwick.

– University of Warwick

Science Advances


Northeast Farmers Weigh Warming Climate, Drenched Fields

Farmers in the Northeast are adapting to longer growing seasons and warming climate conditions, but they may face spring-planting whiplash as they confront fields increasingly saturated with rain, according to a research paper published in the journa...

– Cornell University

Climate Change, Nov-2017


National MagLab's Latest Magnet Snags World Record, Marks New Era of Scientific Discovery

The Florida State University-headquartered National High Magnetic Field Laboratory has shattered another world record with the testing of a 32-tesla magnet — 33 percent stronger than what had previously been the world’s strongest superconducting ...

– Florida State University


US/Canada Demonstrates Communications Interoperability Among First Responders

In mid-November, the DHS S&T and Canada's DRDC CSS tested and demonstrated that seamless communication is possible between first responders from both sides of the border during a major emergency.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate


Scientists Identify Mechanism of Impaired Dendritic Cell Function that Weakens Immune and Therapeutic Response to Cancer

Wistar scientists revealed the mechanism implicated in the defective function of tumor-associated dendritic cells (DCs), a specialized type of immune cells that expose the antigens on their surface to activate the T cells

– Wistar Institute

Nature Communications


A Better Way to Weigh Millions of Solitary Stars

Astronomers have come up with a new and improved method for measuring the masses of millions of solitary stars, especially those with planetary systems.

– Vanderbilt University

Astronomical Journal (in press)


New Catalyst Meets Challenge of Cleaning Exhaust From Modern Engines

News Release RICHLAND, Wash. — As cars become more fuel-efficient, less heat is wasted in the exhaust, which makes it harder to clean up the pollutants are emitted. But researchers have recently created a catalyst capable of reducing pollutants at ...

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Science


Are Wetlands Really the “Earth’s Kidneys”?

Healthy wetlands are hard-working water filters! The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) December 15 Soils Matter blog post explains the role of wetlands—and how we can keep them functioning.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Chemical “Pressure” Tuning Magnetic Properties

Unexpectedly, a little chemical substitution stabilizes unusual magnetic phase of vortexes called skyrmions.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physical Review B 95, 024407 (2017). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.95.024407]


New Quantum Liquid Crystal—In the Driver’s Seat

Lasers reveal a new state of matter—the first 3-D quantum liquid crystal.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science 356, 295-299 (2017). [DOI: 10.1126/science.aad1188]


Molecular Mousetraps Capture More Nuclear Waste

Cage-like molecules with internal chemical hooks remove three times more hazardous radioactive iodine compounds than current methods.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Communications 8, 485 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-00526-3]


Artificial Intelligence Helps Accelerate Progress Toward Efficient Fusion Reactions

Article describes development of deep learning neural network to predict disruptions of fusion plasma.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Engineers Program Tiny Robots to Move, Think Like Insects

While engineers have had success building tiny, insect-like robots, programming them to behave autonomously like real insects continues to present technical challenges. A group of Cornell University engineers has been experimenting with a new type of...

– Cornell University


Danforth Center Receives Significant Support From Boeing for Science Education and Outreach

Boeing is providing the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center with a $85,000 grant in support of Green Means Grow, a centerpiece of the Danforth Center’s STEM education and outreach program.

– Donald Danforth Plant Science Center


LLNL Releases Newly Declassified Nuclear Test Videos

Researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) released 62 newly declassified videos today of atmospheric nuclear tests films that have never before been seen by the public.

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

includes video


Vanderbilt Researchers Win an R&D100 Award for Multiwell Microformulator

A team of Vanderbilt University scientists and engineers led by Professor John P. Wikswo has won an R&D 100 Award for their MultiWell MicroFormulator.

– Vanderbilt University

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Reddit Discussion Gives a Clearer Picture of What It’s Like to Be Poor

In a recently published study which drew its data from Reddit, a social media and discussion website, University of Georgia researchers got a clearer picture of what being poor in America is like.

– University of Georgia

Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work


Study Suggests Social Workers Lack Tools to Identify Potential Chronic Child Neglect

Neglect accounts for the majority of all child protection cases in the United States, yet child welfare workers lack effective assessment tools for identifying the associated risk and protective factors of chronic neglect. The ineffective assessments...

– University at Buffalo

Child & Family Social Work


New Study: First Distance Education State Almanacs Published

The Distance Education State Almanac 2017, conducted by the Babson Survey Research Group and the Digital Learning Compass organization, reveals very different patterns of distance enrollments among the fifty states.

– Babson College


Vanderbilt Poll: Tennesseans Are More Moderate Than People Think

When polled about a variety of state and national issues, registered Tennessee voters revealed policy preferences that are much more moderate than one would expect.

– Vanderbilt University


Johnny Mercer Songwriters Project Returns for 13th Year

The Johnny Mercer Foundation (JMF) and the American Music Theatre Project (AMTP) at Northwestern University are seeking the nation’s most talented young songwriters and writing teams for the 13th annual Johnny Mercer Foundation Songwriters Project....

– Northwestern University

Business News


Experts Predict Another Good Year for Georgia’s Economy; Growth to Outpace the Nation

Georgia’s growth rate will outpace the national average in 2018, according to experts. The state’s employment will rise by 2 percent, nearly twice the 1.1 percent gain expected for the nation.

Expert Available

– University of Georgia

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