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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Monday, December 18, 2017

Public Edition |

(22 New)
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Medical News

Researchers Find Racial Disparities in Intensity of Care at the End of Life

Different outcomes exist between blacks and whites receiving care from the same hospice

– Mount Sinai Health System

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society; 5R01NR013499

Embargo expired on 18-Dec-2017 at 00:00 ET

‘Simple, But Powerful’ Model Reveals Mechanisms Behind Neuron Development

Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have now uncovered new insights into the regulatory network behind neuron growth.

– Scripps Research Institute

Development, Dec. 2017; R01 NS072129; IOS-1121095

Embargo expired on 18-Dec-2017 at 07:00 ET

Many Women Report Not Feeling Completely Informed about Breast Cancer Treatment Options, but Web-Based Tool Could Help

Results from two separate studies in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons showed a decision aid tool may help mitigate the sense of urgency patients feel about making treatment decisions.

– American College of Surgeons (ACS)

Journal of the American College of Surgeons

Embargo expired on 15-Dec-2017 at 11:00 ET

Are Parents Doing Enough to Prepare “Substitute” Babysitters Over the Holidays?

Parents may underestimate the importance of preparing new sitters for common scenarios like injuries or more serious emergencies.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Embargo expired on 18-Dec-2017 at 00:00 ET

New Procedure Helps Patients Avoid Hip Replacement, Repair Joint Damage

Doctors at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center are using a procedure called Subchondroplasty to give patients with damaged hips more treatment options and ultimately avoid replacement surgery.

– Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Embargo expired on 18-Dec-2017 at 00:05 ET

How Electroconvulsive Therapy Relieves Depression Per Animal Experiments

In a study using genetically engineered mice, Johns Hopkins researchers have uncovered some new molecular details that appear to explain how electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) rapidly relieves severe depression in mammals, presumably including people. T...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Neuropsychopharmacology; R01DA016303, R01NS039156, U54HD079123

Clinical Decision Support App Helps Improve Quality of Life and Longevity for Heart Failure Patients

A clinical decision support application developed by Intermountain Healthcare researchers that more quickly identifies when heart failure becomes advanced and a heart patient’s care needs have changed is successful in helping to improve patient’s...

– Intermountain Medical Center

Journal of Cardiac Failure, Nov 2107

A Gold-Standard Cancer Treatment Is in Decline, and Money May Be Why.

Researchers have determined that offering brachytherapy for cervical cancer ends up costing hospitals money. That can leave hospitals -- and their patients -- in the lurch.

– University of Virginia Health System

International Journal of Radiation Oncology

After Searching 12 Years for Bipolar Disorder’s Cause, Team Concludes It Has Many

Nearly 6 million Americans have bipolar disorder, and most have probably wondered why. After more than a decade of studying over 1,100 of them in-depth, a team of scientists has an answer – or rather, seven answers.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

International Journal of Epidemiology, 10.1093/ije/dyx229

Canola Oil Linked to Worsened Memory and Learning Ability in Alzheimer's Disease, Temple Researchers Report

Canola oil is one of the most widely consumed vegetable oils in the world, yet surprisingly little is known about its effects on health.

– Temple University

Scientific Reports

Amber-Tinted Glasses May Provide Relief for Insomnia

Knowing that individuals with insomnia are also unlikely to change their ways, researchers from Columbia University Medical Center tested a method to reduce the adverse effects of evening ambient light exposure, while still allowing use of blue light...

– Columbia University Medical Center

Journal of Psychiatric Research

BIDMC Researchers Use Artificial Intelligence to Identify Bacteria Quickly and Accurately

Microscopes enhanced with artificial intelligence (AI) could help clinical microbiologists diagnose potentially deadly blood infections and improve patients’ odds of survival, according to microbiologists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BI...

– Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Journal of Clinical Microbiology; UL1 TR001102; F32 AI124590

Study Prompts New Ideas on Cancers’ Origins

Cancer therapies often target cells that grow and divide rapidly, such as stem cells, but in studying how stomach cancers occur, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis found that even when the stomach isn't able to make...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Gastroenterology, published online Dec. 15

Reducing Air Pollution From Coal Power Plants in the Western Balkans Would Save Thousands of Lives Annually

Tomorrow, ministers at the 15th ministerial council meeting of the Energy Community in Kosovo will adopt new rules for emission limits for coal power plants in the Western Balkans (as part of the transposition of the EU’s Industrial Emissions Dire...

– Health and Environment Alliance (HEAL)

15th ministerial council meeting of the Energy Community

Alzheimer’s Clinical Trials Get A Prevention Makeover

From trial-ready registries to genotyping parties, the field has developed new techniques and meds to stem a tide of failed trials. Alzforum’s 13-part series sums up the state of the art as presented at a recent conference.

– Alzforum

Penn Medicine’s Innovation Accelerator Program Announces Support for Four New Projects for Improving Health Care

Penn Medicine’s Innovation Accelerator Program, now in its fifth year, has announced funding for four new projects aimed at addressing disparities to improve health care delivery and patient outcomes.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Mayo Clinic Launches Online Course for Pilots Participating in FAA Basicmed

Starting today, private and recreational pilots across the country can access the new online Mayo Clinic BasicMed Course, a free education program for pilots pursuing medical qualification through FAA BasicMed.

– Mayo Clinic

ProMedica Toledo Hospital First in Country to Perform Commercial Implant of the Avalus™ Surgical Aortic Valve

Toledo heart surgeon is first in the U.S. to perform new heart valve replacement surgery. Heart valve disease affects about five million Americans each year.

Expert Available

– ProMedica

includes video

Wichita State University Biology Professor Receives Five-Year Grant Renewal for Female Fertility Research

George Bousfield, Lawrence M Jones Distinguished Professor, biological sciences at Wichita State University, was awarded a five-year renewal of a grant that will potentially yield over $8 million to conduct research that could affect fertility diagno...

– Wichita State University

New Website Transforms Members' and Patients' Online Experience

The American Association of Endodontists has developed and launched a new website that offers more content and easier navigation for members, dental professionals and patients.

– American Association of Endodontists (AAE)

Roy Jensen, MD, Named KC Chamber's 'Kansas Citian of the Year'

“Roy Jensen, through his leadership and collaboration, has brought NCI (National Cancer Institute) designation to our town

– University of Kansas Cancer Center

includes video

Penn State Health and Highmark Health Join Forces to Create a High-Value, Community-Based Health Care Network for Members and Patients

Two of Pennsylvania’s health care leaders come together to invest $1 billion in the future of health care in central Pennsylvania

– Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

Science News

Fish to Benefit if Large Dams Adopt New Operating Approach

Recognizing that many large dams are here to stay, a University of Washington team is investigating an emerging solution to help achieve freshwater conservation goals by re-envisioning the ways in which water is released by dams.

– University of Washington

Nature Communications, Dec-2017

Embargo expired on 18-Dec-2017 at 05:00 ET

How Do You Spot a Russian Bot? Answer Goes Beyond Kremlin Watching, New Research Finds

A team of researchers has isolated the characteristics of bots on Twitter through an examination of bot activity related to Russian political discussions.

– New York University

Big Data

‘Brain-on-a-Chip” to Test Effects of Biological & Chemical Agents, Develop Countermeasures

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists and engineers have developed a “brain-on-a-chip” device that could be used to test and predict the effects of biological and chemical agents, disease, or pharmaceutical drugs on the brain over tim...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

PLOS One, Nov-2017

Theorists Propose Conditions Needed to Search for New Form of Matter

UPTON, NY— As scientists have explored the structure and properties of matter at ever deeper levels they’ve discovered many exotic new materials, including superconductors that carry electric current with no resistance, liquid crystals that align...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Physical Review Letters

Statistical Modeling Helps Fisheries Managers Remove Invasive Species

Statisticians and natural resource management researchers worked together to determine the best time and location to capture and remove carps from lake systems.

– South Dakota State University

Ecology Modeling, 2016

Getting Under Graphite’s Skin:

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory have discovered a new process to sheathe metal under a single layer of graphite which may lead to new and better-controlled properties for these types of materials.

– Ames Laboratory


Is There Structure in Glass Disorder?

For one of the strongest known materials, calculations clarify a long-standing debate about how atoms pack together.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

PNAS 114, 8458-8463 (2017). [DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1705723114]

UF/IFAS, Tropicana Test Promising New Citrus Varieties for Greening Tolerance

“From what I’ve seen, we’ve got some reasonably tolerant scion/rootstock combinations that growers should be taking a look at as short-term solutions to living with greening until true HLB-resistant trees are developed,” said Michael Rogers, ...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Bending a New Tool for Low Power Computing

Theory predicts that bending a film will control spin direction and create a spin current for next-generation electronics.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Communications 8, 15850 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15850]

Geneseo Startup Verdimine Signs License Agreement with Research Foundation for SUNY

Geneseo-based startup company Verdimine has signed an exclusive license agreement with the Research Foundation for The State University of New York to employ a proprietary green chemistry process that improves safety and efficiency in manufacturing s...

– State University of New York at Geneseo

Tulane University Names $1 Million Winner of Nitrogen Reduction Challenge

Tulane University awarded the $1 million grand prize for the Tulane Nitrogen Reduction Challenge to Adapt-N, a team from Cornell University that developed a cloud-based computer modeling system to predict optimum nitrogen application rates for crops ...

– Tulane University

includes video

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

How Much People Earn Is Associated with How They Experience Happiness

People who earn more money tend to experience more positive emotions focused on themselves, while people who earn less take greater pleasure in their relationships and ability to connect with others, according to research published by the American Ps...

– American Psychological Association (APA)


Embargo expired on 18-Dec-2017 at 09:00 ET

Bail Reform Key Fix for Jail Overcrowding, New Research From University of Utah Law Professor Shows

Research by Shima Baughman, a professor at the University of Utah S.J. Quinney College of Law, provides a concrete plan for safely reducing jail numbers as the nation continues to grapple with overcrowded jails.

– University of Utah

Embargo expired on 18-Dec-2017 at 08:00 ET

Our Memory Shifts Into High Gear When We Think About Raising Our Children, New Study Shows

Human memory has evolved so people better recall events encountered while they are thinking about raising their offspring, according to a new study conducted by researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Cognition and Memory, Dec-2017

Embargo expired on 15-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET

Turning ‘Give Me’ Into ‘Give Ye’

Ads for the latest toy or gadget captivate kids and pin parents between tight budgets and the desire to fulfill their children's wishes. Dr. Jennifer Caudle offers tips on helping to limit those wish lists and on reminding children this is also the s...

– Rowan University

Six Tips to Survive Holiday Stress

how to cope with stress over the holiday month.

Expert Available

– Loyola University Health System

Will the FCC's Reversal of Net Neutrality Affect Your Internet Speed? Not So Fast

The Federal Communication Commission (FCC) voted 3-2 on Dec. 14 to overturn the net neutrality rule that was put in place in 2015 by the then-FCC. What does it mean for different stakeholders, including consumers, companies and communities?

Expert Available

– Texas A&M University

Tufts University School of Medicine Unveils New Anatomy Lab, Kicks Off 125th Anniversary

Tufts University School of Medicine opens new gross anatomy lab, introducing a modern, enlarged space for students to learn essential anatomical training. The lab’s opening celebration also launched the school’s 125th anniversary.

– Tufts University

Tufts University School of Medicine 125th anniversary

Texas Tech Awarded McNair Postbaccalaureate Grant

Texas Tech University has been named a recipient of a five-year, $1,161,325 grant from the Ronald E. McNair Postbaccalaureate Achievement Program, one of eight educational opportunity programs within the U.S. Department of Education’s Federal TRIO ...

– Texas Tech University

Business News

10 Tips to Safeguard Your Kids' Toys Against Hackers this Holiday Season

Web-based toys create a new set of security risks, M. Eric Johnson, a widely recognized IT security researcher and dean of Vanderbilt’s Owen Graduate School of Management, gives practical tips to protect your family.

Expert Available

– Vanderbilt University

includes video





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