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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Wednesday, December 20, 2017

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(31 New)
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Medical News

Smoking Cessation Drug May Increase Risk of Adverse Cardiovascular Event

Varenicline, one of the most commonly prescribed drugs for helping people quit smoking, may put them at higher risk for a cardiovascular event, according to new research published online in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medici...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Embargo expired on 20-Dec-2017 at 00:15 ET

New Classification Criteria for Inflammatory Myopathies a Breakthrough

The ability to diagnose myositis diseases and treat them properly just improved immensely with the publication of new, evidence-based classification criteria.

– Myositis Association

Arthritis & Rheumatology, Dec-2017

Embargo expired on 20-Dec-2017 at 00:00 ET

Underactive Thyroid Within Normal Range May Affect Woman’s Ability to Conceive

New research suggests that a slightly underactive thyroid may affect a women’s ability to become pregnant—even when the gland is functioning at the low end of the normal range, according to a study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal o...

– Endocrine Society

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

Embargo expired on 19-Dec-2017 at 14:00 ET

Dysfunctional Gene May Be Culprit in Some Crohn’s Disease Cases

The scientists hope understanding how immune cells adapt as they enter different tissues will spur the design of better, more specific, medicines.

– Scripps Research Institute

Immunity, Dec. 2017; R21AI119728; 5R01DK099076-07 ; P01DK071176; 422515; 3786; 26971; IBD-0389R

Embargo expired on 19-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET

New Measurements to Guide Radiation Therapy

When ionizing radiation passes through living tissue, it interacts with molecules present in the cells, stripping away electrons and producing charged species known as ions. Ionizing radiation used for cancer treatment includes gamma rays, X-rays and...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

The Journal of Chemical Physics

Embargo expired on 19-Dec-2017 at 11:00 ET

Novel Combination Therapy Shown to Be Effective in Ovarian Cancer

Wistar researchers have found that combining PARP inhibitors, recently approved for the treatment of BRCA-mutant ovarian cancer, with another small molecule inhibitor was effective to treat ovarian cancers without BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations.

– Wistar Institute

Cell Reports

Embargo expired on 19-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET

WVU Nursing Researcher Intervenes Between Patients and Loneliness

“Find Yourself First.” “Don’t Be in a Hurry.” “Stay Connected to Friends While You’re Young.” “Treat Loneliness as a Thief in the Night.” These are just some of the insights that participants in the Listen program wrote as news he...

– West Virginia University

Embargo expired on 20-Dec-2017 at 08:30 ET

UNH Research Finds Increase in Number of Babies Born Drug Exposed in N.H.

From 2005 to 2015 the number of infants diagnosed with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in the Granite State increased fivefold, from 52 to 269, according to new research by the Carsey School of Public Policy at the University of New Hampshire.

– University of New Hampshire

Embargo expired on 19-Dec-2017 at 14:00 ET

Aggression in Childhood: Rooted in Genetics, Influenced by the Environment

According to a new psychosocial study, reactive and proactive types of aggressive behaviour in 6-year-old children share most of the same genetic factors. However, their evolution over time seems to be influenced by various environmental factors, sug...

– Universite de Montreal

PLOS ONE, Dec 2017.; Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada; Canadian Institutes of Health Research; Fonds de recherche du Québec

Metabolic Vulnerability of Certain Breast Cancers, Radiosurgery for Brain Cancer, Measuring Radiation Therapy, and More in the Cancer News Source

Click here to go directly to the Cancer News Source

– Newswise

Just 4,000 Steps a Day to Better Brain Health

In adults ages 60 and older, moderate daily walks improve attention and mental skills, study finds

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Journal of Alzheimer's Disease

Study Finds Growing Socioeconomic and Racial Disparities in Management of Brain Metastases

A new study in the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network highlights the need to improve access to stereotactic radiosurgery following radiotherapy to treat brain metastases for minority and lower-income populations.

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)

Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network

Ludwig Researchers Uncover Mechanism Behind a Metabolic Vulnerability of Certain Breast Cancers

Many cancer cells are relatively sensitive to the deprivation of an essential amino acid known as methionine. Now, a Ludwig Cancer Research study published in the journal Science Signaling and led by Alex Toker, an investigator in the Ludwig Center a...

– Ludwig Cancer Research

Science Signaling, Dec-2017

Genital and Urinary Health Problems of Sexually Abused Children: Consequences for Girls

A study in The Journal of Pediatrics by researchers at Université de Montréal reveals that sexual assault on children leads to an increase in genitourinary health problems in girls, but not boys.

– Universite de Montreal

The Journal of Pediatrics, Dec 2017; Ministère de la Justice du Québec (Quebec Ministry of Justice) (no. 126489); Quebec Health Research Fund

Researchers Isolate Biting, Non-Biting Genes in Pitcher Plant Mosquitoes

Understanding that divergence, University of Notre Dame researchers say, is a starting point to determining whether there are non-biting genes in other species that could be manipulated in order to reduce transmission of vector-borne diseases.

– University of Notre Dame

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Some Newborns with Chronic Illness Show Signs of Serious Sleep Problems at Birth

New parents often hear about how important sleep is for their babies’ development — but some newborns may have more serious sleep challenges than others.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Journal of Pediatrics

Radiosurgery vs. Whole-Brain Radiation in Lung Cancer Patients with Multiple Brain Metastases

University of Colorado Cancer Center study shows that radiosurgery may effectively treat brain metastases associated with certain types of lung cancer, even when the number of metastases exceeds established norms.

– University of Colorado Cancer Center

Journal of Thoracic Oncology

Researchers Find New Genes That Regulate Blood Pressure

Researchers at the University of Georgia have identified several new genes that influence how the body regulates blood pressure.

– University of Georgia

Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics

Electric Scalp Device Prolongs Survival in Deadly Brain Cancer

A device attached to a patient’s scalp that delivers a continuous dose of low-intensity electric fields improves survival and slows the growth of a deadly brain tumor, according to a new clinical trial led by a Northwestern Medicine scientist and p...

– Northwestern University


Researchers Find Possible Markers for Earlier Diagnosis of Aggressive Form of Tongue Cancer

Squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue, also known as oral tongue cancer, is an aggressive form of cancer that generally affects older people. Patients with the disease often find it difficult to eat, swallow food, or speak. Reasons for its generally ...

– Case Western Reserve University

Oncotarget; Steris Foundation; VeloSano3; Doris Duke Clinical Research Mentorship Award; NIH R01DE21544 ; NIH R01DE024228

New Study Reveals Reversibility of Friedreich's Ataxia in Mice

UCLA researchers, after developing a mouse model of Friedreich’s ataxia that shows symptoms similar to patients, have found that many early symptoms of the disease are completely reversible when the genetic defect linked to the ataxia is reversed

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences


New Year’s Resolution for Older Adults: Lose Weight the Right Way

If shedding some of those extra pounds is your goal for the new year, are you sure you’re losing the right kind of weight? Health and exercise science professor Kristen Beavers of Wake Forest University has a challenge for older adults resolving to...

– Wake Forest University

Major Measurement Issues Found in Emergency Department Patient Experience Data

There are major measurement issues in patient experience data collected from U.S. emergency departments, including high variability and limited construct validity, according to an analysis published by researchers at the George Washington University ...

– George Washington University

Hackensack Meridian Health Hackensack University Medical Center Among First in Tri-State to Offer Innovative Treatment of Carotid Artery Disease

Hackensack Meridian Health Hackensack University Medical Center is among the first in the tri-state region and the first in Bergen County, New Jersey to offer an innovative new treatment that prevents stroke in patients with blocked carotid arteries,...

– Hackensack Meridian Health

FDA Approves Gene Therapy for Inherited Blindness Developed by the University of Pennsylvania and Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

In a historic move, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved a gene therapy initially developed by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania and Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) for the treatment of a rare, inherited...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Child Life Specialists Play Key Role in Pediatric Hospital Care

Child life specialists are dedicated to helping children and their families cope with all aspects of hospitalization and making their experiences at the hospital as positive as possible – especially during the holiday season.

Expert Available

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

ACI Statement: FDA Final Rule on Healthcare Antiseptic Ingredients

The American Cleaning Institute (ACI)welcomed a decision by the Food and Drug Administration to defer rulemaking on critically important ingredients used in healthcare antiseptic products, including soaps, hand washes and rubs.

– American Cleaning Institute

The GW Center for Healthcare Innovation and Policy Research Announces Winners of 2018 GW Hospital Leadership in Practice Innovation Award

The GW Center for Healthcare Innovation and Policy Research announced the winners of the 2018 GW Hospital Leadership in Practice Innovation Award.

– George Washington University

Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey and RWJBarnabas Health Enhance Clinical Research Focus with Arrival of Internationally Recognized Clinical Trials Expert

Further enhancing a commitment to cutting-edge clinical research efforts, Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey and RWJBarnabas Health are welcoming Howard S. Hochster, MD, an internationally recognized leader in the development of cancer clinical t...

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Nationally Recognized Leader in Nutrition & Exercise Science Joins the George Washington University

Jennifer Sacheck has been named Sanofi Professor of Prevention and Wellness, and Chair of the Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences at Milken Institute School of Public Health

– George Washington University

Translational Research Fellowship Established; Prostate Cancer Pioneer Lauded

The new COL (Ret.) David G. McLeod Prostate Cancer Translational Research Fellowship was awarded to Dr. Prachi Mishra, Dec. 7 at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU), in a ceremony in front of Department of Defense and indus...

– Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

Science News

Pesticides and Poor Nutrition Damage Animal Health

The combined effects of pesticides and a lack of nutrition form a deadly one-two punch for animals, new research shows for the first time. Researchers studied how honey bees fared with exposure to pesticides and limited nutrient sources, scenarios fo...

– University of California San Diego

Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Dec-2017

Embargo expired on 19-Dec-2017 at 19:05 ET

No Rest for Weary Canola Plants

Plants don’t sleep like humans do—but just like some people don’t rest well in the heat, some plants don’t either. The canola plant isn’t as productive if the temperature is high at nighttime, and scientists are trying to find out why.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

ASA, CSSA and SSSA International Annual Meetings

Using the Dark Side of Excitons for Quantum Computing

A dark exciton can store information in its spin state, analogous to how a regular, classical bit stores information in its off or on state, but dark excitons do not emit light, making it hard to determine their spins and use them for quantum informa...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

APL Photonics

UF Studies Show What Some Bugs Do for Love, Like Sacrificing a Leg

“While interesting by itself, it more importantly shows scientists the tradeoffs that can exist across body parts,” said Christine Miller, a UF/IFAS associate professor of entomology and co-author of both new studies. “It also provides fundamen...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Evolution; Journal of Evolutionary Biology

Easter Island Had a Cooperative Community, Analysis of Giant Hats Reveals

Analysis of giant stone hats found on Rapa Nui, Chile (Easter Island) provides evidence contrary to the widely held belief that the ancient civilization had a warrior culture. According to a new study conducted by a team of researchers, including a p...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Advances in Archaeological Progress, Oct-2017

Watching a Particle in a Dangerous Crowd

A new x-ray beam technique tracks atomic-level changes under real-world operating conditions.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science 356, 739-742 (2017). [DOI: 10.1126/science.aam6168]

Secrets of Ancient Egypt May Spark Better Fuel Cells for Tomorrow’s Cars

To make modern-day fuel cells less expensive and more powerful, a team led by John Hopkins chemical engineers has drawn inspiration from the ancient Egyptian tradition of gilding.

– Johns Hopkins University

Nano Letters, May-2017; DMR-1410175

A Functional Genomics Database for Plant Microbiome Studies

In Nature Genetics, a team led by JGI researchers assembled a catalog of bacterial genomes to identify and characterize candidate genes that aid bacteria in adapting to plant environments, specifically genes involved in bacterial root colonization.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Genetics

Acoustic Device Makes Piezoelectrics Sing to a Different Tune

In today’s “internet of things,” devices connect primarily over short ranges at high speeds, an environment in which surface acoustic wave devices have shown promise for years. To obtain faster speeds, however, SAW devices need to operate at hi...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics Letters

Neutron Star Mergers Create Heavy Elements

Gravitational wave observations combined with optical and gamma-ray data confirm earlier predictions, offer insights into how the galaxy produces lead, mercury, and other elements.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature 551, 80-84 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/nature24453]

New Physics Understanding Provides Attractive Path for Developing Fusion Energy via a Steady-State Tokamak

International collaborators advance physics basis for tokamak plasma confinement at low rotation, potentially benefiting a fusion reactor.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nuclear Fusion 55, 123025 (2015); Physics of Plasmas 22, 055904 (2015). [DOI: 10.1063/1.4921152]; Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 57, 025020 (2015); Physics of Plasmas 23, 062511 (2016) [DOI: 10.1063/1.4948724]...

Currents Always Find the Fastest Detour

Scientists map electrical currents emanating from the boundary of a tokamak plasma, providing new information for reactor design.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nuclear Fusion 57, 086035 (2017). [DOI: 10.1088/1741-4326/aa75ea]

Microwaves Can Plug Leaks in Fusion Plasmas

Microwave heating significantly alters Alfven waves, offering insights into the physics of the waves themselves.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nuclear Fusion 56, 112007 (2016). [DOI: 10.1088/0029-5515/56/11/112007]

Sandia Computer Modeling Aids Solder Reliability in Nuclear Weapons

Solder isn’t the first thing that comes to mind as essential to a nuclear weapon. But since weapons contain hundreds of thousands of solder joints, each potentially a point of failure, Sandia National Laboratories has developed and refined computer...

– Sandia National Laboratories

Driving V2G Technology Forward

The University of Delaware and Nuvve Corporation will partner on developing technology that drives vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technology forward and breaks new ground in producing clean energy and efficient, responsible transportation systems.

– University of Delaware

Improving Soil Health with Cover Crops

Data on soils, crop and livestock performance and environmental parameters, such as greenhouse gas emissions, will help convince producers to try cover crops in their rotation plans.

– South Dakota State University

Proton-Proton Fusion: Powering the Sun

Large-scale simulations of quarks promise precise view of reactions of astrophysical importance.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physical Review Letters 119, 062002 (2017). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.062002]; Physical Review Letters 115, 132001 (2015). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.132001]

Reindeer’s Gift Saves Brother From Life-Threatening Illness

In Shortsville, New York, about 30 miles east of Rochester, reindeer brothers Moose and Little Buddy call a little farm home. Their owner, Mike Schaertl, was looking forward to Little Buddy’s first holiday season, but last month the 5-month-old rei...

– Cornell University

Innovative Digital Approach to Engineering Class Wins Professors National Award

It’s hard to say which sounded sweeter to Professor Paul Nissenson, the cacophony of his students’ voices as they worked together solving engineering problems or the audience’s applause when he and six other Cal Poly Pomona faculty members rece...

– California State Polytechnic University Pomona

The Hearst Foundations Award $50K in Support to APS Undergraduate Summer Research Fellowship Program

The American Physiological Society (APS) is honored to announce a new $50,000 grant from The Hearst Foundations in support of the APS undergraduate summer research fellowships (UGSRF) program that will be used to fund immersive laboratory research ex...

– American Physiological Society (APS)

Society for Risk Analysis Announces 2017 Winners for Best Journal Papers, Research Posters and Image of Risk

The Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) is pleased to announce the winners for best paper in Risk Analysis: An International Journal, best posters for 2017 and the inaugural Images of Risk Competition.

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)

Scientists Seek Diagnostic Tool for Harmful Algal Blooms

With a three-year $681,343 grant from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, a team of Ohio State scientists plans to develop a widely applicable system for assessing watershed health and determining when a crisis is looming.

– Ohio State University

Developing Next-Generation Sensing Technologies

Recently, the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) announced $20 million in funding for 15 projects that will develop a new class of sensor systems to enable significant energy savings via reduced demand for heating and cooling in reside...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

UK’s Favourite Christmas Spirit Revealed with Online Searches

BRANDY is the UK’s favourite Christmas spirit, according to research into our festive online searches from the University of Warwick

– University of Warwick

Nathan Cunningham from Warwick’s Department of Statistics

Couples 'Money Talk' Curriculum Reduces Stress, Increases Happiness, Researcher Says

A five-week curriculum to get couples talking about money is increasing couples' happiness and reducing stress, according to a Kansas State University financial planning researcher. Sonya Lutter, associate professor of family studies and human servic...

– Kansas State University

After 75 years, UGA returns to the Rose Bowl

The connections between UGA’s 1942 football team and 2017 football team are deep.

– University of Georgia

includes video

Civil Engineering Professor Named NAI Fellow

Kishor Mehta, Horn Professor in the Department of Civil, Environmental, and Construction Engineering in the Edward E. Whitacre Jr. College of Engineering at Texas Tech University, has been selected as a Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors (NA...

– Texas Tech University

Business News

UVA Darden Grad’s Mensch on a Bench Turns 5

Moshe the Mensch has had five very busy years. The plush toy — created by University of Virginia Darden School of Business graduate Neal Hoffman (MBA ’05) in 2012 is the centerpiece of the line of Mensch on a Bench toys that Hoffman designed afte...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

includes video

Corporate Innovation: How to Find the Next Big Thing

UVA Darden Adjunct Lecturer Alex Cowan discusses how corporations can identify disruptive new ideas that drive organic growth and keep organizations relevant in this era of change. The first of two parts, this installment details how to find “the n...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business





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