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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Thursday, December 21, 2017

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Medical
(34 New)
Science
(18 New)
Life
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Medical News


Nanofractionation Platform with Parallel Mass Spectrometry for Identification of Cytochrome CYP1A2 Inhibitors in Metabolic Mixtures

This new (and freely available) original research article presents a fast, robust and accurate methodology for correlating compound identity to CYP1A2 potency of inhibitors in metabolic mixtures. The methodology is centered around an at-line nanofrac...

– SLAS (Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening)

Journal of Biomolecular Screening

Embargo expired on 21-Dec-2017 at 09:00 ET


Researchers Map Molecular Interaction That Prevents Aggressive Breast Cancer

Researchers in Italy have discovered how specific versions of a protein called Numb protect the key tumor suppressor p53 from destruction. The study, which will be published December 21 in the Journal of Cell Biology, suggests that the loss of these ...

– The Rockefeller University Press

Journal of Cell Biology, February 2018; IG 14404; GR-2010-2308100; IG 11904; IG 18629; IG 18988; MCO 10.000; DFG SFB1035; DFG GRK1721; 26119005...

Embargo expired on 21-Dec-2017 at 09:00 ET


Diet Rich in Apples and Tomatoes May Help Repair Lungs of Ex-Smokers, Study Suggests

A study from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found the natural decline in lung function over a 10-year period was slower among former smokers with a diet high in tomatoes and fruits, especially apples, suggesting certain component...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

European Respiratory Journal

Embargo expired on 21-Dec-2017 at 03:00 ET


Will a Salad a Day Keep Memory Problems Away?

Eating about one serving per day of green, leafy vegetables may be linked to a slower rate of brain aging, according to a study published in the December 20, 2017, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology....

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Embargo expired on 20-Dec-2017 at 16:00 ET


CRISPR Treatment Prevents Hearing Loss in Mice

A single treatment of a genome editing agent partially preserved hearing in mice with genetic deafness. The work could one day help scientists treat certain forms of genetic hearing loss in humans.

– Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

Nature, Dec-2017

Embargo expired on 20-Dec-2017 at 13:00 ET


More Tumor Mutations Equals Higher Success Rate With Cancer Immunotherapy Drugs

The "mutational burden," or the number of mutations present in a tumor's DNA, is a good predictor of whether that cancer type will respond to a class of cancer immunotherapy drugs known as checkpoint inhibitors, a new study led by Johns Hopkins Kimme...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

New England Journal of Medicine

Embargo expired on 20-Dec-2017 at 17:00 ET


High Out-of-Pocket Costs May Place Oral Cancer Medications Out of Reach

Sticker shock may be leading many insured Americans with cancer to forego treatment with a wide range of oral cancer drugs, suggests a study published online this week in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Led by researchers at the Perelman School of ...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Embargo expired on 20-Dec-2017 at 16:00 ET


Putting a Fork in Cognitive Decline

While cognitive abilities naturally decline with age, eating one serving of leafy green vegetables a day may aid in preserving memory and thinking skills as a person grows older, according to a study by researchers at Rush University Medical Center i...

– Rush University Medical Center

Neurology; R01 AG031553 ; R01 AG17917; 58-1950-7-707

Embargo expired on 20-Dec-2017 at 16:00 ET


Duke-Led Team Develops More Accurate Tool to Track New HIV Infections

Researchers at the Duke Human Vaccine Institute have led an effort to develop a more accurate way to gauge the incidence of HIV infections in large populations, which will improve research and prevention strategies worldwide.

– Duke Health

JCI Insight; OPP1068333; OPP1062806; OPP1115799; OPP1017716; OPP1032144; OPP1146996; AI064518; AI067854; AI067854

includes video


Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Biomedical Technology Licensed to Michigan Company for Use in Cancer Treatments

A Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory biomedical technology that can deliver vaccines and drugs inside the human body has been licensed for use in cancer treatments to a Michigan company.

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory


Moving the Office of Global AIDS Coordinator, Responses to HIV Med Kaletra, Marijuana Help, and More in the AIDS and HIV News Source

The latest research, features, and experts on HIV and AIDS.

– Newswise


Silky Secrets to Make Bones

Some secrets to repairing our skeletons might be found in the silky webs of spiders, according to recent experiments guided by supercomputers. Scientists involved say their results will help understand the details of osteoregeneration, or how bones r...

– University of California San Diego

Advanced Functional Materials Journal, September 2017


Removal of Drug Coverage Caps Associated with Improved Medication Persistence

Value in Health, the official journal of ISPOR (the professional society for health economics and outcomes research), announced today the publication of a research report suggesting that the removal of drug coverage caps may lead to improved medicati...

– ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

Value in Health, Dec-2017


Blueberry Vinegar Improves Memory in Mice with Amnesia

Dementia affects millions of people worldwide, robbing them of their ability to think, remember and live as they once did. In the search for new ways to fight cognitive decline, scientists report in ACS’ Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry t...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry


Harnessing Sperm to Treat Gynecological Diseases

Delivering drugs specifically to cancer cells is one approach researchers are taking to minimize treatment side effects. Stem cells, bacteria and other carriers have been tested as tiny delivery vehicles. Now a new potential drug carrier to treat gyn...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

ACS Nano


New Guidelines Aim to Prevent Medics From Failing to Diagnose Patients with Liver Disease

New recommendations, led by experts at the University of Birmingham, have been published to improve the use of liver blood tests.

– University of Birmingham

Gut, Dec-2017


Robotic Device Improves Balance and Gait in Parkinson’s Disease Patients

Sunil Agrawal, professor of mechanical engineering and of rehabilitation and regenerative medicine at Columbia Engineering, working with Movement Disorders faculty from the department of neurology at Columbia University Medical Center, find that a si...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Scientific Reports Dec 19 2017

includes video


Two Studies Find Stress Reprograms Cells

In a pair of publications, researchers have shown how cells adapt to stressors—like water loss—by reprogramming their internal signaling networks. The studies describe previously unknown mechanisms that cells use to send signals between cellular ...

– Case Western Reserve University

Cell Reports; Molecular Cell; Wallenberg Academy Fellow program ; Swedish Research Council ; Swedish Cancer Society ; R37-DK60596 ; R01-DK53307 ; R01GM092960 ...


Better Treatment, Not More Spending, Saves Heart Attack Patients, Study Finds

A long-term look at heart attack care and spending in America in the 21st Century shows more survival, more spending, and more variation between hospitals on both scores. And while spending on rapid angioplasty appears to be paying off, a lot of the ...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

JAMA Cardiology, doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2017.4771; AG046830; HS-022535; AG019783


Can You Burn Calories While Sitting at a Desk?

A new study suggests that continuous movement while sitting may increase metabolic rate more than standing at a desk.

– University of Illinois at Chicago

WORK


Study: Treating Refugees From Western Perspective Leaves Providers and Patients Lost in Translation

University at Buffalo nursing research revealed that Somali Bantu women are open to family planning when methods help to space births of future children, rather than preventing new additions to their families.

– University at Buffalo

Journal of Clinical Nursing


Researchers Discover Key Link Between Mitochondria and Cocaine Addiction

Researchers have identified significant mitochondrial changes that take place in cocaine addiction, and they blocked them.

– University of Maryland School of Medicine

Neuron


Defending Against Environmental Stressors May Shorten Lifespan

A shorter life may be the price an organism pays for coping with the natural assaults of daily living, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health and their colleagues in Japan. The scientists used fruit flies to examine the relatio...

– National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

PNAS; ZIAES080046; R01GM067761


Emerging Drug Could Help Treat a Common Liver Disease

Treating a liver disease called NASH (non-alcoholic steatohepatitis) is difficult. Now scientists believe they have found a pharmacologic approach that may inhibit NASH, and thus stop deadly conditions that result from NASH.

– Stony Brook University

Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology


FDA-Approved High Blood Pressure Drug Extends Life Span in Roundworms

An FDA-approved drug to treat high blood pressure seems to extend life span in worms via a cell signaling pathway that may mimic caloric restriction.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Nature Communications


Researchers Get First Complete Look at Protein Behind Sense of Touch

The findings point the way to targeting diseases where this protein is mutated.

– Scripps Research Institute

Nature, Dec. 2017; NS083174; DE022358; 1-S10OD021634


New Class of Anti-Cancer Drug Effective Against Kidney Cancer

A study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology reports initial findings with a novel drug belonging to a new class of medicines called HIF-2a inhibitors that show promise in treating metastatic kidney cancer.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Journal of Clinical Oncology


Study: Medications Alone Don’t Help Smokers Quit

Pharmaceutical interventions are routinely prescribed to help people quit smoking. However, a new study by University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers suggests that, despite promising results in clinical trials, smoking cessatio...

– University of California San Diego Health

Journal of the National Cancer Institute


Education Beyond Borders

Harvard Medical School will offer online education to doctors-in-the-making and practicing clinicians affiliated with a pediatric cancer hospital in Egypt, the 57357 Children’s Cancer Hospital in Cairo.

– Harvard Medical School


Considering a New Year’s Resolution for 2018? Baylor University Experts Can Help

As 2018 approaches, many Americans are considering ways to improve themselves via New Year’s resolutions. Whether it’s personal, like losing weight or clearing clutter, or it’s professional, such as being a better manager or breaking away from ...

Expert Available

– Baylor University


Multiple Sclerosis Expert Honored for Research on Sex Differences

Dr. Rhonda Voskuhl, who directs UCLA’s multiple sclerosis program and holds the Jack H. Skirball Chair for Multiple Sclerosis Research, has been selected as the recipient of the Berlin Institute of Health’s Excellence Award for Sex and Gender Asp...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences


Nelson Named President of Medical Foundation of North Carolina, Associate Dean for Development at the UNC School of Medicine

Leslie H. Nelson has been named as President of the Medical Foundation of North Carolina and Associate Dean for Development of the UNC School of Medicine effective Jan. 1, 2018. The Medical Foundation of North Carolina is the not-for-profit, philanth...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System


Milken Institute School of Public Health Receives $4 Million Grant to Study Anemia in India

Research to develop and test an intervention that reduces the threat of this health problem for women of childbearing age

– George Washington University


Dr. D. Scott Merrell Awarded 2017 Rare Disease Research Grant

The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has announced its 2017 Rare Disease Research Grant recipients and Dr. D. Scott Merrell, professor of Microbiology and Immunology at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, is among...

– Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

Science News


Physicists Negate Century-Old Assumption Regarding Neurons and Brain Activity

Neurons are the basic computational building blocks that compose our brain. According to the neuronal computational scheme used for over a century, each neuron functions as a centralized excitable element. Using new types of experiments on neuronal ...

– Bar-Ilan University

Scientific Reports

Embargo expired on 21-Dec-2017 at 05:00 ET


Study Finds Online Interest in Sex Rises at Christmas, with More Births Nine Months Later

A global-scale analysis of human birth rate cycles co-led by Indiana University reveals that online interest in sex rises at Christmas and certain other holidays, with more babies born nine months later.

– Indiana University

Scientific Reports; National Institutes of Health; Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Embargo expired on 21-Dec-2017 at 05:00 ET


‘Cosmic Lantern’ Could Help Us Further Understand the Fate of the Universe

New research has provided a deeper insight into emission line galaxies, used in several ongoing and upcoming surveys, to help us further understand the composition and fate of the Universe.

– University of Portsmouth

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (published by Oxford University Press)

Embargo expired on 20-Dec-2017 at 20:00 ET


Study Finds New Way to Clean Up Radioactive Sites, Protect Radiotherapy Patients, Astronauts

A new discovery by scientists could aid efforts to clean up radioactive waste sites, and could also help protect military personnel, cancer patients, and astronauts.

– Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

(Defense Threat Reduction Agency, grant HDTRA-18774-M)

Embargo expired on 20-Dec-2017 at 14:00 ET


Neutron-Star Merger Creates New Mystery

A new model is required to explain the radiation from the collision of two neutron stars discovered by LIGO

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

journal Nature Astronomy

Embargo expired on 20-Dec-2017 at 13:00 ET


Why the Y? Older Adults Need Support for Healthy Weight Loss in 2018

Researchers at Wake Forest University say adults 60+ whose New Year’s resolution is to lose weight succeed with an inexpensive and accessible solution: classes at community fitness centers such as the YMCA.

– Wake Forest University


Fusion Plasmas, Turning Oxide into Metal, Neutron Star Merger, and More in the DOE Science News Source

Click here to go directly to the DOE Science News Source

– Newswise


See What Lies Beneath

Real-time imaging shows how hydrogen causes oxygen to leave a buried surface, transforming an oxide into a metal.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Communications 8, 307 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-00371-4]


Panning for Silver in Laundry Wastewater

Silver nanoparticles are being used in clothing for their anti-odor abilities but some of this silver comes off when the clothes are laundered. The wastewater from this process could end up in the environment, possibly harming aquatic life, so resear...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering


When One Reference Genome is Not Enough

A pan-genome is a valuable resource for unlocking natural diversity. Having plant pan-genomes for crops important for fuel and food applications would enable breeders to harness natural diversity to improve traits such as yield, disease resistance, a...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Communications


New Simulator Tool Tests Aircraft Explosive Vulnerabilities

Recently, CAVM partnered with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and U.S. Army Aberdeen Test Center (ATC) to develop a reusable Aircraft Explosive Testing Simulator that facilitates the explosive testing of new generation commercial aircraft. ...

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate


Q&A with CFN User Xiaowei Teng

Teng of the University of New Hampshire brings his research to design new types of nanostructured materials for energy conversion and storage applications to Brookhaven Lab’s Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN).

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Electron Injection Transforms a Thin Film

Simply applying a small voltage dramatically changes the atomic structure, vital to creating materials for advanced computer memory.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature 550, 487-491 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/nature24043]


BBQ Lighter Hovering Above South Pole May Help Pinpoint Mystery Source of Cosmic Energy

Funded by $230,000 from NASA about three years ago, the Hi-Cal balloon with its barbeque-lighter ping have flown three experimental missions in a quest to better grasp Antarctica’s reflectivity to radio frequencies.

– University of Kansas


Solving Galactic Mysteries a Few Minutes at a Time

A project led by an astronomer at The University of Alabama that includes amateur astronomers will use gaps in the schedule of the Hubble Space Telescope to get a better look at oddities found in the sky.

– University of Alabama


Walking the Tightrope Between Risk and Reward in Studying Viruses

A virologist involved in the debate over "gain of function" and dual-use infectious disease research reflects on the issue, in the wake of NIH action.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan


Q&A: Sam Webb Teaches X-Ray Science from a Remote Classroom

When Sam Webb teaches, he shows that science is a part of everyday life. For him, it’s important that students learn science does not need to be intimidating. Webb is a staff scientist at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) at...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory


‘Hot’ Electrons Heat Up Solar Energy Research

Argonne research has shown how hybrid nanomaterials may be used to convert light energy more efficiently for applications in photocatalysis, photovoltaics and ultrafast optics.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Nature Communications, Oct-2017

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Eggs Improve Biomarkers Related to Infant Brain Development

Feeding eggs to infants could provide them with key nutrients for better brains. A study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis finds infants who were in introduced to eggs beginning at 6 months showed significantly higher blood ...

– Washington University in St. Louis

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition; Pediatrics


Americans Divided on Whether Businesses Have Right to Deny Service to Same-Sex Couples

Americans are evenly divided on whether a business should be able to deny service to same-sex couples, according to a study by Indiana University Bloomington sociologists. It is the first national survey to use an experimental approach to examine vie...

– Indiana University

Science Advances 20-Dec-2017


Quit Smoking in the New Year with Help From Rutgers

Are you trying to quit smoking in the New Year? According to The Tobacco Dependence Program at Rutgers University, most people who smoke regret having started and want to stop. However, quitting can be hard to do. Rutgers outlines the top ten things ...

– Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School


How to Deal with Family Who Just Can’t Handle the Truth

For many people, the holidays mean spending time with family and friends who have fully embraced “fake news” – and are happy to share it with you. A researcher at The Ohio State University has some science-based methods for dealing with people...

Expert Available

– Ohio State University


Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Alumnus Honored for Pioneering Contributions to Wireless Communications

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute alumnus Nambi Seshadri ’86 has been selected to receive the 2018 IEEE Alexander Graham Bell Medal, the highest honor conferred by IEEE in the field of communications and networking, for his “contributions to the t...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


Rangarajan Sundaram Named Dean of NYU’s Leonard N. Stern School of Business

NYU President Andrew Hamilton and Provost Katherine Fleming today announced the appointment of Rangarajan “Raghu” Sundaram as Dean of the Leonard N. Stern School of Business.

– New York University


Texas Tech Selects New Vice Provost for International Affairs

Texas Tech University has named Sukant Misra as the new Vice Provost for the Office of International Affairs (OIA). He replaces Ambassador Tibor Nagy, who has served in the position since 2003 and will retire Dec. 31. Misra, currently the Associate V...

– Texas Tech University

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