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Newswise Daily Wire
Wednesday, January 3, 2018

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Medical
(21 New)
Science
(19 New)
Life
(6 New)
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Medical News


Nursing Homes Should Require Flu Shots for All Staff and Patients, Most Older Adults Say

As flu season swings into high gear, a new poll suggests nursing homes and other long-term care facilities should be doing more to get their staff and patients vaccinated before it’s too late. Nearly three-quarters of people over age 50 say all sta...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Embargo expired on 03-Jan-2018 at 07:00 ET


Improving the Work Environment Could Reduce Moral Distress Among ICU Nurses

Critical care nurses who practice in healthy work environments report less moral distress and higher job satisfaction, according to new research published in American Journal of Critical Care. The findings amplify the call for hospitals and healthcar...

– American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)

American Journal of Critical Care, Jan-2018

Embargo expired on 03-Jan-2018 at 06:00 ET


Most ICU Monitoring Alarms Are Not Clinically Relevant, Even as Technology Becomes More Accurate

A review of research studies that assessed alarm accuracy and/or clinical relevance in hospitalized patients published over a 30-year period found low proportions of clinically relevant patient alarms.

– American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)

American Journal of Critical Care, Jan-2018

Embargo expired on 03-Jan-2018 at 06:00 ET


Research Finds Hysterectomy Alone Associated with Increased Long-Term Health Risks

Mayo Clinic researchers show that hysterectomy with ovarian conservation is associated with a significantly increased risk of several cardiovascular diseases and metabolic conditions. The findings are published in Menopause.

– Mayo Clinic

Menopause

Embargo expired on 03-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET


The Prevalence of Alcohol Use Disorders in Puerto Rico is High

Puerto Ricans make up the second largest Hispanic group in the United States, comprising 9.5% of the population (Mexicans are the largest group). Puerto Ricans living on the U.S. continent have some of the highest rates of drinking, binge drinking, a...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 02-Jan-2018 at 10:00 ET


An Organ-on-A-Chip Device That Models Heart Disease

Recently, researchers have been studying diseases with a new approach: small, organ-on-a-chip devices that mimic the functions of human organs, serving as potentially cheaper and more effective tools. Now researchers have built a device that's especi...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

APL Bioengineering

Embargo expired on 02-Jan-2018 at 11:00 ET


Mount Sinai Researchers Find Differences in Very PreTerm Infant Morbidity and Mortality Rates among New York City Hospitals

Blacks and Hispanic very preterm infants are more likely to be born at New York City hospitals with higher risk-adjusted neonatal morbidity-mortality rates, and these differences contribute to excess morbidity and mortality among black and Hispanic i...

– Mount Sinai Health System

JAMA Pediatrics

Embargo expired on 02-Jan-2018 at 11:05 ET


Surge in Alcohol-Related Emergency-Department Visits Needs a Different Approach

While moderate drinking – up to one drink per day for women, two for men – can be part of a healthy lifestyle, excessive and chronic drinking can contribute to injury and disease. Each year, U.S. patients utilize emergency department (ED) service...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

lism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 02-Jan-2018 at 10:00 ET


Review Lays out Recommendations, Calls for Research to Improve Post-Hospitalization Sepsis Outcomes

Half of sepsis survivors never fully recover; Dr. Derek Angus lays out an approach to change that.

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Journal of the American Medical Association; K08 GM115859, R01 GM097471 K08 GM115859, R01 GM097471

Embargo expired on 02-Jan-2018 at 11:00 ET


NIH Discovery Brings Stem Cell Therapy for Eye Disease Closer to the Clinic

Scientists at the National Eye Institute (NEI), part of the National Institutes of Health, report that tiny tube-like protrusions called primary cilia on cells of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)—a layer of cells in the back of the eye—are es...

– NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Cell Reports

Embargo expired on 02-Jan-2018 at 12:00 ET


Study Uncovers Potential Key to Preventing Back Pain in Runners

A new study from The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center examines what may cause chronic back pain in runners and the exercises to help prevent it.

– Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Journal of Biomechanics


The Harmful Effects of Processed Carbs Supported by a New Study Published in AACC’s Journal Clinical Chemistry

Innovative research published in the Obesity issue of AACC’s journal, Clinical Chemistry, demonstrates that people are at greater risk for obesity if they produce higher than normal levels of insulin after eating processed carbohydrates. These find...

– American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC)

Clinical Chemistry, Jan-2018


New Drug Testing Approach a Game-Changer for Benzodiazepine Abuse

A first-of-its-kind study published in the Pain Management issue of AACC’s The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine shows that a new drug testing approach dramatically improves detection of illicit benzodiazepine use. This could help to curb abus...

– American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC)

The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine, Jan-2018


Blacks’ High Diabetes Risk Is Driven by Obesity, Not Mystery

In a surprising finding, blacks and whites have the same risk of developing diabetes when all biological factors for the disease are considered over time, reports a large new Northwestern Medicine study.

– Northwestern University

JAMA


Migraine Surgery Produces 'Dramatic Improvements' in Functioning, Study Finds

In addition to reducing headache frequency and severity, surgical treatment for migraine leads to significant improvements in everyday functioning and coping ability, according to a study in the January issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, ...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery


Zooming in on Protein to Prevent Kidney Stones

Researchers have applied Nobel prize-winning microscope technology to uncover an ion channel structure that could lead to new treatments for kidney stones. In a recent study published in Nature Structural and Molecular Biology, researchers revealed a...

– Case Western Reserve University

Nature Structural and Molecular Biology; P30EY11373 ; MCB080077 ; ACI-1053575; 1S10RR23057; 1S10OD018111; 1338135; R01GM103899 ; R01GM093290...


Nueva Pauta: Hacer Ejercicio para Mejorar la Memoria y el Pensamiento

Una nueva pauta para los profesionales de la salud indica que hay que recomendar ejercicio dos veces por semana a las personas que tienen deterioro cognitivo leve para mejorar su memoria y pensamiento.

– Mayo Clinic

Neurology


Educational Video May Increase Public Willingness to Become Face Transplant Donors

After watching a brief educational video, members of the public are more likely to say they would be willing to donate a facial transplant to a severely disfigured patient, reports a study in the January issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®,...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery


Spider's Web Inspires Removable Implant to Control Type 1 Diabetes

For the more than 1 million Americans who live with type 1 diabetes, daily insulin injections are literally a matter of life and death. And while there is no cure, a Cornell University-led research team has developed a device that could revolutionize...

– Cornell University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


State-of-the-Art MRI Technology Bypasses Need for Biopsy

The most common type of tumor found in the kidney is generally quite small (less than 1.5 in). These tumors are usually found by accident when CAT scans are performed for other reasons and the serendipitous finding poses a problem for doctors.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Journal of Urology


Research That Is Unraveling the Puzzle of Obesity Showcased in January Issue of AACC’s Journal Clinical Chemistry

Laboratory medicine experts are using genomics, metabolomics, and other cutting-edge clinical testing methods to advance the understanding of obesity. A special issue of AACC’s journal Clinical Chemistry, “Obesity: Innovative Approaches to Overco...

– American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC)

Clinical Chemistry, Jan-2018

Science News


Silver Nanoparticles Take Spectroscopy to New Dimension

As medicine and pharmacology investigate nanoscale processes, it has become increasingly important to identify and characterize different molecules. Raman spectroscopy, which leverages the scattering of laser light to identify molecules, has a limite...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Journal of Applied Physics

Embargo expired on 02-Jan-2018 at 11:00 ET


Locating the Precise Reaction Path: Methane Dissociation on Platinum

So far, the search for catalysts even better than transition metals has been largely based on trial and error, and on the assumption that catalyzed reactions take place on step edges and other atomic defect sites of the metal crystals. An internation...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

The Journal of Chemical Physics

Embargo expired on 02-Jan-2018 at 11:00 ET


Alfalfa Loss? Annual Ryegrass Is a Win

In the U.S., alfalfa is grown mainly in western and northern states. The cold winters and other factors can lead to losses for farmers and forage shortages. Researchers have identified annual forage crops that can be cultivated in fields with winter-...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Agronomy Journal, October 12, 2017


Arctic Clouds Highly Sensitive to Air Pollution

A study from University of Utah atmospheric scientist Tim Garrett and colleagues finds that the air in the Arctic is extraordinarily sensitive to air pollution, and that particulate matter may spur Arctic cloud formation. These clouds, Garrett writes...

– University of Utah

Geophysical Research Letters; 1303965; NE/K500835/1


Drug Tests That Could Halt Runaway Increase in Opioid Overdoses Highlighted in January Issue of AACC’s The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine

A special issue of AACC’s The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine, “Laboratory Support of Pain Management,” features groundbreaking new drug tests that could reverse the staggering climb of prescription drug overdoses in the U.S.

– American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC)

The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine, Jan-2018


Researchers Discover Higher Environmental Impact From Cookstove Emissions

Millions of Asian families use cookstoves and often fuel them with cheap biofuels to prepare food. But the smoke emitted from these cookstoves has a definite, detrimental environmental impact, particularly in India. New research from Washington Unive...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics


Randomness a Key in Spread of Disease, Other ‘Evil’

Working with a simple mathematical model in which chance plays a key role, researchers Steve Strogatz and Bertrand Ottino-Loofler calculated how long it would take a bacterial infection or cancer cell to take over a network of healthy cells. The dist...

– Cornell University

eLife


A Fossil Fuel Technology That Doesn’t Pollute

Engineers at The Ohio State University are developing technologies that have the potential to economically convert fossil fuels and biomass into useful products including electricity without emitting carbon dioxide to the atmosphere.

– Ohio State University

Energy & Environmental Science

includes video


Study Reveals How the Midshipman Fish Sustains Its Hour-Long Mating Call

Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have discovered how the Pacific midshipman fish can hum continuously for up to an hour in order to attract potential mates. The study, which is featured on the cover of the January 2018 issue of the Journ...

– The Rockefeller University Press

Journal of General Physiology, January 2018; IOS-1145981


New Desalination Method Offers Low Energy Alternative to Purify Salty Water

Providing safer drinking water to those in need may be a little easier. According to Penn State researchers, a new desalination technique is able to remove salt from water using less energy than previous methods.

– Penn State College of Engineering

Environmental Science & Technology Letters


CFN Scientist Spotlight: Gregory Doerk Guides the Self-Assembly of Materials to Make Diverse Nanoscale Patterns

Some materials have the unique ability to self-assemble into organized molecular patterns and structures. Materials scientist Gregory Doerk of the Electronic Nanomaterials Group at the Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)—a U.S. Department of ...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Tweaking Quantum Dots Powers-Up Double-Pane Solar Windows

Using two types of “designer” quantum dots, researchers are creating double-pane solar windows that generate electricity with greater efficiency and create shading and insulation for good measure. It’s all made possible by a new window architec...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


Studying Crowd Behavior at MINERvA

Detector measures the energy a neutrino imparts to protons and neutrons to help explain the nature of matter and the universe.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physical Review Letters 119, 082001 (2017). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.082001]


NASA Selects Johns Hopkins APL-Led Mission to Titan for Further Development

NASA has selected an APL proposal to send an innovative, instrumented rotorcraft to Saturn's largest moon for further development.

– Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

includes video


Call for Entries: Awards for Science Writing

The American Institute of Physics (AIP) is accepting submissions for the 2018 AIP Science Communication Awards. The deadline for entries is March 30, 2018.

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)


Scientific Database arXiv Reaches Billionth Download Milestone

The scientific pre-print database arXiv.org has surpassed 1 billion downloads. The online repository started 26 years ago as an electronic bulletin board on one computer, and has grown into an essential resource for physicists and mathematicians ar...

– Cornell University


Society for Risk Analysis Inducts Five Individuals to the Pantheon of Risk Analysis

The Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) announced its 2017 inductees to the Pantheon of Risk Analysis at its Annual Meeting, Dec. 10-14, in Arlington, Virginia, USA. The Pantheon recognizes luminaries and visionaries in risk analysis and illustrates how ...

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)


UVM Study Ranked Among 2017's Most Popular

A University of Vermont research study, which discovered Instagram photos hold clues to aid in the early detection of depression, was one of the 20 most popular pieces of academic research in all of 2017, according to a new ranking.

– University of Vermont

EPJ Data Science


Michael Christman, PhD, Genomics Pioneer and President and CEO of Coriell Institute, Passes Away

The Coriell Institute for Medical Research is deeply saddened to announce the sudden passing of its President and CEO, Michael Christman, PhD.

– Coriell Institute for Medical Research

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


New Behavioral Science Approach Combines Experiments, Models

Researchers are outlining a new approach to behavioral research that draws on experimental studies and computer models to offer new insights into organizational and group behavior.

– North Carolina State University

Management Journal, Dec-2017


Perfectionism Among Young People Significantly Increased Since 1980s, Study Finds

WASHINGTON -- The drive to be perfect in body, mind and career among today’s college students has significantly increased compared with prior generations, which may be taking a toll on young people’s mental health, according to research published...

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Psychological Bulletin


Telemedicine Helps Pediatricians Better Identify Mental Illness in Children

Rutgers partners with pediatricians to improve care for emotional, behavioral disorders

– Rutgers University


Student Success: Francisco Fernandez

Just six years ago, Francisco Fernandez immigrated to the U.S. on his own and with very limited fluency in English. Today, the CSU San Marcos biology student has plans of earning a Ph.D. and running his own research lab for underrepresented students....

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office


California State University's Affordable Learning Solutions Encourages Use of Open Educational Resources

The California State University is committed to seeking new ways to provide equity in access to free learning materials and remove financial barriers to student success as part of the CSU’s Graduation Initiative 2025.

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office


Starting a New Year Diet? Cornell Historian Explores American History Through Diet Books

...

– Cornell University

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