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Thursday, January 11, 2018

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Medical
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Medical News


Are There Signs of CTE in the Brain Tissue of Younger People with Epilepsy?

Younger adults with difficult-to-treat epilepsy may have early signs of chronic traumatic encephalopathy in their brain tissue, but it appears to be uncommon, according to a small, preliminary study published in the January 10, 2018, online issue of ...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Neurology

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2018 at 16:00 ET


Frozen Embryos Result in Just as Many Live Births in IVF

Freezing and subsequent transfer of embryos gives infertile couples just as much of a chance of having a child as using fresh embryos for in vitro fertilization (IVF), research from Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, and Adelaide, Australia has found.

– University of Adelaide

The New England Journal of Medicine

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2018 at 17:00 ET


TSRI Scientists Discover Workings of First Promising Marburg Virus Treatment

Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have discovered the workings of the first promising treatment for Marburg virus, a pathogen with the same pandemic potential as Ebola virus.

– Scripps Research Institute

Cell Host & Microbe, Jan. 2018; R01AI089498; U19AI109762; U19AI109762; HDTRA1-13-1-0034; 1U19AI109711; R21AI121799

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2018 at 12:00 ET


Genetic ‘Switches’, Mapped for First Time, Drive Human Brain Development

UCLA researchers have developed the first map of gene regulation in human neurogenesis, the process by which neural stem cells turn into brain cells and the cerebral cortex expands in size. The scientists identified factors that govern the growth of ...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Cell


Arsenic-Tainted Drinking Water May Increase Diabetes Risk

A new study reports that chronic exposure to arsenic interferes with insulin secretion in the pancreas, which may increase the risk of diabetes.

– American Physiological Society (APS)

American Journal of Physiology—Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology


American Academy of Dermatology Issues New Guidelines for Treatment of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

The American Academy of Dermatology has released new guidelines of care for the management of basal cell carcinoma and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. These evidence-based guidelines cover best practices for the management of nonmelanoma skin canc...

– American Academy of Dermatology

Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology


The Medical Minute: Warming Up to a Fitness Routine in the New Year

As healthy resolutions fill gyms and outdoor paths, two sports medicine doctors at Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center remind those who work out to do it safely – whether exercising indoors or out.

– Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

The Medical Minute


Texas A&M Research Shows Biological Clocks Could Improve Brain Cancer Treatment

Biological clocks throughout the body play a major role in human health and performance. Now, Texas A&M University researchers found that circadian rhythms could hold the key to novel therapies for glioblastoma, the most prevalent type of brain cance...

– Texas A&M University

BMC Cancer, Jan-10-2018; National Institutes of Health


NYC Health Department IDs 10 Outbreaks of Foodborne Illness Using Yelp Reviews Since 2012

The NYC Health Department announced that since 2012, 10 outbreaks of foodborne illness were identified through a computer system jointly created with Columbia University’s Department of Computer Science. Launched in 2012, the computer system tracks...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association Jan 10 2017


New ACR Appropriateness Criteria Patient Summaries May Be First-of-Its-Kind Step to More Patient-Centered Care

New Appropriateness Criteria Patient Summaries can help patients understand which imaging tests are best for their condition or why they may not need a scan at all. The first item in this first-of-its kind series created by patients for patients in e...

– American College of Radiology (ACR)

JACR


Here’s How Stress May Be Making You Sick

A Michigan State University researcher is providing new insight into how certain types of stress interact with immune cells and can regulate how these cells respond to allergens, ultimately causing physical symptoms and disease.

– Michigan State University

Journal of Leukocyte Biology


JOT Releases Orthopaedic Residency Program Rankings by Research Output

What's the best way to rate the quality and quantity of research produced by orthopaedic surgery residency programs? A new "research impact ranking" provides a more objective approach to assessing and comparing research productivity at US orthopaedic...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma


‘Decorated’ Stem Cells Could Offer Targeted Heart Repair

“Decorating” cardiac stem cells with platelet nanovesicles can increase the stem cells’ ability to find and remain at the site of heart attack injury and enhance their effectiveness in treatment.

– North Carolina State University

Nature Biomedical Engineering


New Study Shows High Cost of Screening for, Diagnosis and Treatment of Non-Communicable Diseases in Kenya

Non-communicable diseases — such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease and diabetes — are responsible for more than 36 million deaths across the globe each year. 14 million of these constitute premature mortality, and 90 percent ...

– RTI International

PLOS


New Study Shows U.S.-Based Supervised Injection Facility Can Provide Protection From Fatal Overdose; More Effective if Sanctioned

As the U.S. opioid epidemic continues to produce high levels of morbidity and mortality, we are in need of innovative solutions that help people who inject drugs and their surrounding community.

– RTI International

International Journal of Drug Policy


Can Vitamins and Dietary Supplements Benefit Patients with Mitochondrial Disease?

Defects in mitochondria, the tiny structures that power our cells by functioning as biological batteries, cause an array of complex, often life-threatening disorders that can affect any and all organs and systems. In the absence of validated, effecti...

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Annual Review of Pathology: Mechanisms of Disease, online Nov. 3, 2017; in Feb. 2018 print issue


New App Motivates Type 2 Diabetes Patients to Be More Active

A research team led by scientists at University of Utah Health have developed an online interactive app to help motivate patients to be more physically activity to manage their disease.

– University of Utah Health

Journal of Medical Internet Research

includes video


Pancreatic Cancer Accelerated by Stress, Finds Study

A new study shows how stress accelerates pancreatic cancer development. Beta-blockers, which block stress hormones, may increase survival for patients with the disease.

– Columbia University Medical Center

Cancer Cell, January 8, 2018


Young Adults Report Differing Sexual Effects From Alcohol, Marijuana, and Ecstasy

Alcohol, marijuana, and ecstasy each have very different sexual effects, from attraction and desire to sensitivity to sexual dysfunction, finds a study by the Center for Drug Use and HIV/HCV Research (CDUHR) at NYU Meyers College of Nursing.

– New York University

Psychology and Sexuality


Rare Melanoma Type Highly Responsive to Immunotherapy

Desmoplastic melanoma is a rare subtype of melanoma that is commonly found on sun-exposed areas, such as the head and neck, and usually seen in older patients. Treatment is difficult because these tumors are often resistant to chemotherapy and lack a...

– Moffitt Cancer Center

Nature, Jan-2018


Researchers Investigate Disparities in Orthodontia Completion Among Appalachians

Orthodontic care, such as braces, bite plates and retainers, typically costs between $3,000 and $8,000. But research out of the West Virginia University School of Dentistry suggests that only half of Appalachian orthodontia patients can complete thei...

– West Virginia University

Frontiers in Public Health


New Study Led by Public Health Researcher Finds ‘Suicides by Drugs’ Profoundly Undercounted in the United States

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the suicide rate in the United States increased by 34 percent between 2000 and 2016. While that rate seems high, a team of researchers led by a West Virginia University faculty member belie...

– West Virginia University


Heart-Muscle Patches Made with Human Cells Improve Heart Attack Recovery

Large, human cardiac-muscle patches created in the lab have been tested, for the first time, on large animals in a heart attack model. This clinically relevant approach showed that the patches significantly improved recovery from heart attack injury....

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Circulation; HL99507; HL114120; HL131017; HL134764; HL128086 ; HL109810

includes video


Pregnant Women in NC Exposed to Less Secondhand Nicotine After ‘Smoking Ban’

A new study from Duke Health has found pregnant women experienced less secondhand smoke exposure since the 2009 passage of the ‘smoking ban’ in North Carolina, which outlawed smoking inside public places such as bars and restaurants.

– Duke Health

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health; P01ES022831, R21ES014947, R01ES016772, K24DA023464, P30ES025128, RD-83543701, UL1TR001117


CAP Guideline Details HPV Testing in Head, Neck Cancers

Certain head and neck cancers that are positive for high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV) have a better prognosis and may need less aggressive treatment.

– College of American Pathologists (CAP)

Arch Pathol Lab Med. doi: 10.5858/ARPA.2017-0286-CP


Mayo Clinic在医院质量上获得高分

...

– Mayo Clinic


Hackensack University Medical Center Participates in National Conference on Pharmaceutical and Chemical Diversion

Michael A. Kelly, M.D., chair, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine and chair, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Hackensack Meridian Health Hackensack University Medical Center, was a featured presenter at the Dr...

Expert Available

– Hackensack Meridian Health


New Norris Healthcare Center Opens on USC’s Health Sciences Campus

Keck Medicine of USC is significantly expanding its patient care services and health care facilities with the opening of the new Norris Healthcare Center, a seven-story, state-of-the-art facility providing multidisciplinary ambulatory care.

– Keck Medicine of USC


Sarah Patterson Named Executive Director of Virginia Mason Institute

SEATTLE – (Jan. 10, 2018) – Sarah Patterson has been named executive director of the Virginia Mason Institute, which provides education and training for health care professionals and others in the organization’s innovative management methodolog...

– Virginia Mason Medical Center


Department of Defense Funds Autism Research at Montefiore to Examine Effect of Cannabis Compound on Irritability and Repetitive Behaviors

The Department of Defense (DOD) has awarded $1.3 million to fund autism research at Montefiore

– Montefiore Health System


Save the Date! Cover ATS 2018 in San Diego

Beginning on May 20*, the ATS 2018 International Conference in San Diego will give journalists like you what they have come to expect from the biggest gathering of scientists and clinicians in pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine. Register no...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2018 International Conference


Johns Hopkins School of Nursing Ranks No. 5 for Online Nursing Programs

The Johns Hopkins School of Nursing (JHSON) tied for the No. 5 spot in the U.S. News & World Report Best Online Nursing Program rankings for 2018, maintaining its top 5 ranking in the nation.

– Johns Hopkins School of Nursing


Hackensack University Medical Center Invited to Enroll in NIH Studies through the Selection of its Clinical Hub Affiliate Temple University

Hackensack Meridian Health Hackensack University Medical Center is pleased to announce that its hub-site affiliate, Temple University in Philadelphia, has been selected as one of 11 clinical hubs for a National Institutes of Health (NIH) emergency me...

– Hackensack Meridian Health


PhRMA Foundation Value Assessment Awards to Help Advance Holistic, Patient-Driven Solutions in Health Care

The PhRMA Foundation will provide $1.3 million in funding for the development of transformative strategies to better assess the value of medicines and health care services while improving patient outcomes and reducing inefficiency in health care. Fun...

– PhRMA Foundation

Science News


New Turkey-Sized Dinosaur From Australia Preserved in an Ancient Log-Jam

The partial skeleton of a new species of turkey-sized herbivorous dinosaur has been discovered in 113 million year old rocks in southeastern Australia. The fossilized tail and foot bones give new insight into the diversity of the small, bipedal herbi...

– PeerJ

PeerJ

Embargo expired on 11-Jan-2018 at 07:00 ET


Research Outlines the Interconnected Benefits of Urban Agriculture

a team of researchers led by Arizona State University and Google has assessed the value of urban agriculture and quantified its benefits at global scale. They report their findings in “A Global Geospatial Ecosystems Services Estimate of Urban Agric...

– Arizona State University (ASU)

Earth's Future

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2018 at 13:00 ET


Fast Radio Bursts ‘Twists and Shouts’ Help Scientists Determine Source of Cosmic Blasts

An international group of astronomers has found that the Cornell University-discovered fast radio burst FRB 121102 – a brief, gigantic pulse of radio waves from 3 billion light years away – passes through a veil of magnetized plasma. This causes ...

– Cornell University

Nature

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2018 at 13:00 ET


Ingredients for Life Revealed in Meteorites That Fell to Earth

A detailed study of blue salt crystals found in two meteorites that crashed to Earth – which included X-ray experiments at Berkeley Lab – found that they contain both liquid water and a mix of complex organic compounds including hydrocarbons and ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Science Advances, Jan. 10, 2018

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


Dark Energy Survey Publicly Releases First Three Years of Data

Scientists on the Dark Energy Survey (DES), including astronomers from the University of Portsmouth, have today released their first three years of data. This first major release of data from the survey includes information on more than 400 milli...

– University of Portsmouth

American Astronomical Society meeting in Washington, D.C.

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


Extremely Bright and Fast Light Emission

A type of quantum dot that has been intensively studied in recent years can reproduce light in every colour and is very bright. An international research team including scientists from Empa has now discovered why this is the case. The quantum dots co...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Nature 553, 189–193 (11 January 2018); Empa media release


Clothes Make the Woman: Less Empathy Towards Women Showing More Skin

Sexualized representations, especially the emphasis of secondary sexual characteristics, can change the way we perceive an individual. An international team of researchers led by Giorgia Silani from the Faculty of Psychology at the University of Vien...

– University of Vienna

Cortex


Epileptic Seizures and Depression May Share a Common Genetic Cause, Study Suggests

From the time of Hippocrates, physicians have suspected a link between epilepsy and depression. Now, for the first time, scientists at Rutgers University–New Brunswick and Columbia University have found evidence that seizures and mood disorders suc...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Epilepsia; Rutgers Today


Swarm of Hydrogen Clouds Flying Away from Center of Our Galaxy

Astronomers using the GBT have discovered what appears to be a grand exodus of more than 100 hydrogen clouds streaming away from the center of the Milky Way and heading into intergalactic space.

– Green Bank Observatory

AAS Winter Meeting, Jan-2018


Rewritable Wires Could Mean No More Obsolete Circuitry

An electric field switches the conductivity on and off in atomic-scale channels, which could allow for upgrades at will.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Materials 16, 622 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/NMAT4878]


Filtering Water Better than Nature

Water passes through human-made straws faster than the “gold standard” protein, allowing us to filter seawater.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science 357, 792-796 (2017). [DOI: 10.1126/science.aan2438]


Astronomers Peer Into the Lair of a Mysterious Source of Cosmic Radio Bursts

Using two of the world’s largest radio telescopes, an international team of astronomers has gained new insights into the extreme home of a mysterious source of cosmic radio bursts. The discovery suggests that the source of the radio emission lies n...

– Green Bank Observatory

Nature, January 2018


Black Hole Breakthrough: New Insight Into Mysterious Jets

Advanced simulations created with one of the world’s most powerful supercomputers show the jets’ streams gradually change direction in the sky, or precess, as a result of space-time being dragged into the rotation of the black hole.

– Northwestern University

Royal Astronomical Society,


New Oxide and Semiconductor Combination Builds New Device Potential

Researchers at Yale University have now grown a 2DEG system on gallium arsenide, a semiconductor that's efficient in absorbing and emitting light. This development is promising for new electronic devices that interact with light, such as new kinds of...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics


Immunotherapy Highly Effective in Treatment of Rare Skin Cancer, Study Finds

In a UCLA-led study, more than two-thirds of people with a rare type of melanoma responded positively to treatment with anti-PD-1 immunotherapies.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Nature


Worldwide Importance of Honey Bees for Natural Habitats Captured in New Report

A new study integrating data from around the globe has shown that honey bees are the world’s most important single species of pollinator in natural ecosystems and a key contributor to natural ecosystem functions. The report weaves together informat...

– University of California San Diego

Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Jan-2018


Dark Energy Survey Publicly Releases First Three Years of Data

At a special session held during the American Astronomical Society meeting in Washington, D.C., scientists on the Dark Energy Survey (DES) announced today the public release of their first three years of data. This first major release of data from th...

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

American Astronomical Society meeting


ORNL Researchers Use Titan to Accelerate Design, Training of Deep Learning Networks

For deep learning to be effective, existing neural networks to be modified, or novel networks designed and then "trained" so that they know precisely what to look for and can produce valid results. This is a time-consuming and difficult task, but one...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Bitcoin Risks: What You Should Know About the Volatile Digital Currency

If you own Bitcoin or want to invest in the mercurial digital currency, which soared to more than $19,000 before plunging in value, watch out, a Rutgers University–New Brunswick professor says. Security and privacy issues, not to mention the possib...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

2016 Study of Bitcoin Users and Nonusers; Rutgers Today Q&A


What’s the Noise Eating Quantum Bits?

The magnetic noise caused by adsorbed oxygen molecules is “eating at” the phase stability of quantum bits, mitigating the noise is vital for future quantum computers.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physical Review Applied 6, 041001 (2016). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevApplied.6.041001]; Physical Review Letters 115, 077002 (2015); Erratum Physical Review Letters 115, 249901 (2015). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.07...


Researchers Partner with Start-Up on Natural Gas to Hydrogen and Carbon Fiber Technology

Researchers from West Virginia University will partner with colleagues from Southern California Gas Company and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory on technology that converts natural gas to hydrogen and value-added forms of carbon.

– West Virginia University


Neutrons Inspect Salt-Inclusion Materials to Improve Long-Term Waste Storage

A team of researchers from the University of South Carolina is using neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to develop more durable and efficient materials called waste forms for safely storing hazardous substances.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Federally Funded Speech Pathology Program Lifts College Students and Impoverished Children

A grant from the U.S. Department of Education trains graduate students to teach language and literacy skills to students who need the most help.

– Florida State University


Researchers to Develop Novel Real-time Undersea Wireless Communications and Surveillance Technology

Researchers will design, deploy and evaluate a first-of-its-kind software-defined testbed for real-time undersea wireless communications (data, voice, and video streaming) and surveillance.

– Florida Atlantic University


Applications Open to Participate in First IFTNEXT Food Disruption Challenge

Applications to participate in the Institute of Food Technologist’s (IFT) inaugural IFTNEXT Food Disruption Challenge competition opened today and will remain open through February 8, 2018. The IFTNEXT Food Disruption Challenge is a competition des...

– Institute of Food Technologists (IFT)


Vicky Kalogera wins 2018 Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics

Northwestern University astrophysicist Vicky Kalogera has been awarded the 2018 Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics for her groundbreaking work studying compact objects -- including black holes, neutron stars and white dwarfs -- in astrophysical s...

– Northwestern University

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Junk Food Tax is Legally and Administratively Viable, Finds New Analysis

An original analysis by researchers at New York University College of Global Public Health and the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University finds that a federal tax on junk food is both legally and administratively feasible...

– New York University

American Journal of Public Health, Dec. 21; R01HL130735

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2018 at 16:00 ET


New Research Describes, Analyzes Consumers’ Territorial Behavior

Researchers have uncovered territorial reactions when consumers feel psychological ownership of products that don’t technically belong to them, and marketers should take care not to offend such customers.

– New York Institute of Technology

Journal of Consumer Research


Higher-Ranked Colleges Don’t Necessarily Provide a Better Educational Experience, New Study Shows

College rankings dominate the conversation regarding quality in postsecondary education, but new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York reveals that rankings have little to no relationship to student engagement, an importa...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

The Review of Higher Education, Dec. 2017

includes video


Somebody Has to Dust!

A new study from the University of Utah that examined gender, health and housework among married, heterosexual couples who are no longer employed found a woman’s health has to be considerably impaired before she stops doing chores and her husband t...

– University of Utah

Journal of Women & Aging; 1157698, R01 HD069609


West Virginia Dialect Project Launches 'WVU Voices' Documentary

West Virginia University's West Virginia Dialect Project has created a documentary, "WVU Voices," to showcase the diversity of dialect on campus.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


American Indian Nursing Documentary Receives Multiple Awards

A documentary film titled “Essence of Healing: Journey of American Indian Nurses” received the 2017 Sigma Theta Tau International Nursing Media Award at the group’s 44th biennial convention in Indianapolis in October and the Best Service Film A...

– North Dakota State University


President Ochoa Joins Presidents’ Alliance on Higher Education and Immigration

CSUMB President Eduardo M. Ochoa has joined a collective effort of distinguished higher education leaders from across the nation to improve how colleges and universities address immigration-related matters affecting their campuses.

– California State University, Monterey Bay

includes video


CSU Online Programs Get High Marks in 2018 Rankings

U.S. News & World Report recognizes CSU’s online programs as some of the top in the nation.

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office


New York Times columnist Charles M. Blow to keynote MLK Observance

Northwestern University will commemorate the life and legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. with a two-week schedule of events Jan. 15 to 31. Many events are free and open to the public.

– Northwestern University

Business News


Searching for a New Job? New Study Says Talking to Friends and Family Boosts Chances of Success

A new study co-authored by an American University professor found that job seekers who share their ups and downs with family and friends are more active than job seekers who don't.

– American University

Career Development International


Tulane School of Medicine Launches Immersion Program for Biotech Execs and Investors Visiting the Big Easy

Tulane University School of Medicine has launched a new In-Residence Immersion Program that offers biotech executives, venture capitalists, scientists and entrepreneurs visiting New Orleans from across the country a fully functional on-the-go workspa...

– Tulane University

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