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Newswise Daily Wire
Friday, January 19, 2018

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Medical News

Fragile X Finding Shows Normal Neurons that Interact Poorly

Neurons in mice afflicted with the genetic defect that causes Fragile X syndrome (FXS) appear similar to those in healthy mice, but these neurons fail to interact normally, resulting in the long-known cognitive impairments, shows a new study by a tea...

– New York University


Embargo expired on 18-Jan-2018 at 12:00 ET

Study Examines Employment Trends Among Patients with Kidney Failure

• Among working-aged adults who started dialysis between 1996 and 2013, employment was low throughout the study period at 23-24%, and 38% of patients who were employed 6 months prior to being diagnosed with kidney failure stopped working by the tim...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology doi: 10.2215/CJN.06470617

Embargo expired on 18-Jan-2018 at 17:00 ET

AJPH March Issue: Research on Medical Expenses, Medicaid Expansion, Abortion Denial

In this issue, find research on medical expenses furthering income inequality, Medicaid expansion and infant mortality, abortion denial causing financial hardship and more

– American Public Health Association (APHA)

American Journal of Public Health

Embargo expired on 18-Jan-2018 at 16:00 ET

Can Mice Really Mirror Humans When It Comes to Cancer?

A new Michigan State University study is helping to answer a pressing question among scientists of just how close mice are to people when it comes to researching cancer.

– Michigan State University

PLOS Genetics

Embargo expired on 18-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET

Treatment-Related Mortality of Surgery vs. Targeted Radiation in Early Lung Cancer Patients

Among patients older than 80 years, 3.9 percent receiving surgery passed away within the 30-day post-treatment window, compared with 0.9 percent of patients receiving focused radiation.

– University of Colorado Cancer Center

Journal of Clinical Oncology

More Evidence of Link Between Severe Gum Disease and Cancer Risk

Data collected during a long-term health study provides additional evidence for a link between increased risk of cancer in individuals with advanced gum disease, according to a new collaborative study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Journal of the National Cancer Institute; R01HHSN268201700001I, HHSN268201700003I, HHSN268201700005I, HHSN268201700004I, HHSN268201700002I; R01 CA166150, U01 CA164975, P30 CA006973...

Study Finds Adult Contraceptive Use Linked to Teen Knowledge

Bowling Green State University Associate Professor of sociology Dr. Karen Guzzo and an Ohio State University researcher analyzed data that establishes a long-term linkage between adolescent reproductive knowledge and attitude and adult contraceptive ...

– Bowling Green State University

Matern Child Health J (2018) 22: 32

Single Blood Test Screens for Eight Cancer Types

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers developed a single blood test that screens for eight common cancer types and helps identify the location of the cancer.

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Science; P50-CA62924, P50-CA102701, CA06973, GM-07309, U01CA152753

Researchers at Sandia Work on New Way to Image Brain

Sandia National Laboratories researchers want to use small magnetic sensors to image the brain in a way that’s simpler and less expensive than the magnetoencephalography system now used.

– Sandia National Laboratories

Physics in Medicine and Biology

Americans Are Getting More ZZZZs

Decline in reading and watching TV before bed and increasing opportunities to perform tasks online and from home could be why, Penn study finds

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania


Two New Breast Cancer Genes Emerge from Lynch Syndrome Gene Study

Columbia University researchers have identified two new breast cancer genes that also cause Lynch syndrome.

– Columbia University Medical Center

Genetics in Medicine, January 18, 2018

Overweight Female Kidney Donors May Be at Risk for Preeclampsia

Female kidney donors who are overweight may be at a greater risk for preeclampsia during pregnancy than those with normal body weight, according to a new study. The increased risk is due to a reduction in a type of kidney function called renal functi...

– American Physiological Society (APS)

American Journal of Physiology—Renal Physiology

Researchers Discover New Enzymes Central to Cell Function

Doctors have long treated heart attacks, improved asthma symptoms, and cured impotence by increasing levels of a single molecule in the body: nitric oxide. The tiny molecule can change how proteins function. But new research featured in Molecular C...

– Case Western Reserve University

Molecular Cell; NIH

Finally, Data About Alternative Medicine and Cancer

According to Altmetric, which tracks the distribution and discussion of research papers online, a July article by several Yale physicians is the most-discussed paper ever published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute (JNCI). The title of ...

– Yale Cancer Center

Journal of the National Cancer Institute

Patients Who Live Alone Can Safely Be Sent Home After Joint Replacement

Most patients who live alone can be safely discharged home from the hospital to recover after hip or knee replacement surgery, suggests a study in the January 17, 2018 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. The journal is published in partners...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery

Women Run Faster After Taking Newly Developed Supplement, Study Finds

A new study found that women who took a specially prepared blend of minerals and nutrients for a month saw their 3-mile run times drop by almost a minute. The women who took the supplement also saw improvements in distance covered in 25 minutes on a ...

– Ohio State University

Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition

The Human Body's Golden Gate to Iron Traffic

New findings could change how iron metabolism in the human body is understood, and open new horizons for research and therapeutics for inflammatory diseases and neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson's disease.

– American Technion Society

Blood Journal, Jan 18-2018

UCLA Study Describes Structure of Herpes Virus Associated with Kaposi's Sarcoma

UCLA team shows in the laboratory that an inhibitor can be developed to break down the herpes virus.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Nature, Jan. 17, 2018; National Institutes of Health (NIH) (DE025567, GM071940, AI094386, CA091791 and CA177322)

New Registry Launched to Track and Improve the Quality of Cancer Care Delivered in the U.S.

A registry that tracks the quality of medical care provided to patients receiving cancer treatment launched this month as part of a collaboration between the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and the American Society for Radiation Oncology...

– American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)

Specialist Returns to NYU Langone Hospital – Brooklyn to Launch Neuro-Ophthalmology Service

The Neuro-Ophthalmology Program at NYU Langone Hospital – Brooklyn provides a new level of advanced neurological care to the community.

– NYU Langone Hospital - Brooklyn

Schistosoma Vaccine to Enter Phase Ib Clinical Trial

Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine, in collaboration with a team of researchers at the George Washington University and the René Rachou Institute, have received funding from the National Institutes of Health for a Phase Ib clinical trial for ...

– George Washington University

109 Healthcare Groups Urge Congress to Immediately Reverse CMS Policy Linking Physician Payment Adjustments to Part B Drug Costs

More than 100 of the nation’s leading patient and provider organizations – including the American College of Rheumatology – are urging Congressional leaders to immediately reverse a new Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) policy that...

– American College of Rheumatology (ACR)

Daniel Webster Named First Bloomberg Professor of American Health

The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has appointed a leading national expert in gun violence prevention, Daniel Webster, as its first Bloomberg Professor of American Health, an endowed position supported by the Bloomberg American Healt...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

The Wistar Institute Awarded More Than $1.4 Million to Create a Malaria Vaccine Through Synthetic DNA-Based Technology

Wistar is pleased to announce it has been awarded a $1,494,972 grant by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to advance a DNA-based vaccine candidate for protection against malarial infection utilizing a synthetic DNA platform created in the lab of Da...

– Wistar Institute

NJ Residents Gain Greater Access to Gynecologic Oncology Expertise in Monmouth, Ocean and Middlesex Counties with Verda Hicks, M.D. Joining Jersey Shore University Medical Center

Verda J. Hicks, M.D., FACS, FACOG has joined Hackensack Meridian Health as chief of Gynecologic Oncology at Jersey Shore University Medical Center. She also is medical director of Gynecologic Oncology for Hackensack Meridian Health Cancer Care in Mon...

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Harrington Discovery Institute at University Hospitals Announces 2018 Grant Funding to 10 Physician-Scientists

Announcement of the 2018 Harrington Scholar-Innovator Award recipients by the Harrington Discovery Institute at University Hospitals in Cleveland, Ohio.

– University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center

New Sports Medicine Chief Catherine Robertson Personalizes Athlete Care at UC San Diego Health


– University of California San Diego Health

CRF Invites the NYC Community to Attend Free Seminar on the Link Between Diabetes and Heart Disease During American Heart Month

The Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF) will hold a free seminar, “The Link Between Diabetes & Your Heart,” on Wednesday, February 7, 2018 in New York City. The seminar, part of a series of Mini-Med School seminars conducted by the CRF Women...

– Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF)

Science News

Packing a Genome, Step-by-Step

For the first time, scientists can see in minute-time resolution how cells package chromosomes into highly condensed structures prior to cell division.

– Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

Science, January-2018

Embargo expired on 18-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET

Flu Vaccine Could Get a Much-Needed Boost

More than 700,000 Americans were hospitalized due to illnesses associated with the seasonal flu during the 2014–15 flu season, according to federal estimates. A radical new approach to vaccine development at UCLA may help lower that figure for futu...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Science, Jan. 18, 2018

Embargo expired on 18-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET

includes video

Researchers Create First Global Atlas of the Bacteria Living in Your Dirt

What lives in your dirt? University of Colorado Boulder researchers are one step closer to finding out after compiling the first global atlas of soil bacterial communities and identifying a group of around 500 key species that are both common and abu...

– University of Colorado Boulder


Embargo expired on 18-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET

World Needs Broader Appreciation of Nature’s Contributions to People

Writing in the prestigious journal Science, 30 global experts associated with the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) have presented an innovative new approach to obtaining benefits from nature.

– University of Portsmouth

Science 19 Jan 2018: Vol. 359, Issue 6373, pp. 270-272 DOI: 10.1126/science.aap8826

Coupling Experiments to Theory to Build a Better Battery

A Berkeley Lab-led team of researchers has reported that a new lithium-sulfur battery component allows a doubling in capacity compared to a conventional lithium-sulfur battery, even after more than 100 charge cycles.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Communications, Dec. 22, 2017

UNH Researchers Find Human Impact on Forest Still Evident After 500 Years

Tropical forests span a huge area, harbor a wide diversity of species, and are important to water and nutrient cycling. Researchers used high-tech tools to more precisely view where these cleared sites were and the lasting impact they had on the rain...

– University of New Hampshire


FANGED FRIENDS: Study Says the World’s Most Vilified and Dangerous Animals may be Humankind’s Best Ally

An international review led by the University of Queensland and WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) says that many native carnivores that live in and around human habitation are declining at an unprecedented rate – spelling bad news for humans who ...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Nature Ecology & Evolution

One Giant Step Behind for Mankind

Researchers analyzed the archived mission reports from the Apollo moonwalks to see how well moonwalkers were able to stick to their expected timelines. On nearly every extravehicular activity, activities took longer than predicted to complete.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

New Method Uses DNA, Gold Nanoparticles and Top-Down Lithography to Fabricate Optically Active Structures

Northwestern University researchers have developed a first-of-its-kind technique for creating entirely new classes of optical materials and devices that could lead to light bending and cloaking devices — news to make the ears of Star Trek’s Spock...

– Northwestern University

Science; #DE-SC0000989; FA9550-12-1-0280; FA9550-14-1-0274; FA9550-17-1-0348

Mothers and Young Struggle as Arctic Warms

A new study from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and partners reveals for the first time the ways in which wild weather swings and extreme icing events are negatively impacting the largest land mammal of the Earth’s polar realms—the muskoxen....

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Scientific Reports

A Survival Lesson From Bats – Eating Variety Keeps Species Multiplying

A new study reveals that omnivorous New World noctilionoid bats, those species with diets including both plant and animal materials, produce more new species in the long run than specialized vegetarian or insectivorous species.

– Stony Brook University

Ecology Letters

Detect Locally, Protect Globally

Argonne’s Cyber Fed Model provides a community-based system for near-real-time dissemination of cyberthreat indicators, defensive measures, and tools to simplify use of this information. Once the system detects an attack, it rapidly repairs the loc...

– Argonne National Laboratory

New Study of Vertebrate Genomes, Phenomes, Populations to Predict Response to Climate Change

The project, led by Northern Arizona University professor Loren Buck, has the potential to change the way scientists understand life on Earth.

– Northern Arizona University

NAU Scientists Lead DoD Project to Assess Environmental Impact of Changing Climate on Boreal Forests

Professors Scott Goetz and Michelle Mack earned a $2 million grant to study the resiliency and vulnerability of the boreal forest in central Alaska.

– Northern Arizona University

Innovation Shines at CSU's 30th Biotech Symposium

This year's symposium received 290 abstract submissions, representing research from faculty-led labs at 22 CSU campuses. Projects focused on topics ranging from developing an antiviral for the West Nile virus to targeting enzymes that contribute to A...

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

Four to Beam Up

Just months after completing a nine-year construction project to upgrade its research capabilities, the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility has delivered its next technological success: For the first time, the Contin...

– Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

DOE Under Secretary for Science Paul Dabbar Visits SLAC

Paul Dabbar, the Department of Energy Under Secretary for Science, visited SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Jan. 17 for a day of tours and discussions on how the lab is driving scientific innovation. His visit included meetings with SLAC and Stan...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

UF/IFAS Researchers Awarded $10.5m to Work on Citrus Greening Resistance or Tolerance

Three University of Florida scientists will use the grants to study ways to help growers cope with the disease, including research on genetic editing that may produce potentially resistant fruit and trees.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

New ASCB Public Engagement Grants Target Science Literacy

Apply for ASCB’s Public Engagement Grants. Grantees will receive from $10,000 to $35,000 for bold ideas that engage local communities with the process of science and increase public scientific literacy. The application deadline is March 31.

– American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB)

Astrobiologist Named NASA Planetary Protection Officer

Indiana University astrobiologist Lisa Pratt has been named to a NASA position responsible for protecting the planet from microscopic threats originating on other planets. As planetary protection officer, she will be responsible for the protection of...

– Indiana University

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Babies’ Babbling Betters Brains, Language

Babies are adept at getting what they need – including an education. New research shows that babies organize mothers’ verbal responses, which promotes more effective language instruction, and infant babbling is the key.

– Cornell University

Developmental Science, Dec-2017

Documentary Illustrates Importance of Community Newspapers

A one-hour documentary film based on the oral histories of eight North Dakota journalists illustrates the important role newspapers play in their community.

– South Dakota State University

Newspaper PIoneers documentary

Free Jazz Concert Series Comes to UIC

A nationally known jazz publisher is sponsoring a free jazz concert series at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

– University of Illinois at Chicago

ACLU Deputy Legal Director to Speak at UCI About Racial Bias in America

Jeffery Robinson, deputy legal director of the American Civil Liberties Union and director of the ACLU’s Trone Center for Justice & Equality, will discuss “Racial Bias in America: How Did We Get Here & Why Are We Stuck?” as part of the Perspect...

– University of California, Irvine

Civil Rights Icon John Lewis to be UC San Diego Commencement Speaker

The University of California San Diego today announced that Rep. John Lewis, often called “one of the most courageous persons the civil rights movement ever produced,” will offer the keynote address at the invitation-only UC San Diego All Campus ...

– University of California San Diego





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