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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Tuesday, January 23, 2018

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Medical
(32 New)
Science
(17 New)
Life
(9 New)
Business
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Medical News


Civic Engagement Can Help Teens Thrive Later in Life

Want to help your teenagers become successful adults? Get them involved in civic activities – voting, volunteering and activism.

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Child Development, Jan-2018

Embargo expired on 23-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET


GW Researchers Find Latent HIV Reservoirs Inherently Resistant to Elimination by CD8+ T-cells

A research team at GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences found that latent HIV reservoirs exhibit resistance to elimination by CD8+ T-cells of people living with the virus.

– George Washington University

Journal of Clinical Investigation

Embargo expired on 22-Jan-2018 at 16:00 ET


Speech Analysis Software Predicted Psychosis in at-Risk Patients with Up to 83 Percent Accuracy

Computer-based analyses of speech transcripts obtained from interviews with at-risk youths were able to predict which youths would later develop psychosis within two years, with an accuracy of up to 83 percent. In two independent cohorts of young peo...

– Mount Sinai Health System

World Psychiatry ; R01 MH 107558;; R03 MH 108933

Embargo expired on 22-Jan-2018 at 10:00 ET


Using ‘LOHGIC’ to Assess Inherited Cancer Mutations

Investigators at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey have developed a statistical method to identify patients with potential inherited, germline alterations in tumor suppressor genes while estimating gene loss in cancer cells through targeted geno...

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

JCO Precision Oncology, Jan-2018


Disparity Persists: Racial and Ethnic Minority Patients Still Less Likely Than White Patients to Get Live Donor Kidney Transplants

Despite efforts over the past two decades to increase the number of black and Hispanic patients receiving kidney transplants from related or unrelated living donors, these racial/ethnic minority patients are still much less likely to undergo such tra...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Journal of American Medical Association; K01HSO24600, K24HL083113, K24DK101828, K01DK101677, F30DK095545, K01DK114388-01, R01DK104876, R03AI126090, K23DK097184, R01DK098


Discovery of the 'Pioneer' That Opens the Genome

Researchers explain a cell differentiation mechanism in Nature Genetics.

– Universite de Montreal

Nature Genetics, Jan 22 2018; Canadian Institutes of Health Research; Canadian InstiIRCM Challenge grant from the IRCM Foundation


EMTs Are Not Allowed to Administer Glucagon, a New Paper Finds

If you call 911 due to a hypoglycemic episode there is a roughly 3 in 4 chance the emergency medical responder will be unable to give you glucagon

– Joslin Diabetes Center

Annals of Internal Medicine

includes video


Using Social and Risk Networks Helps Identify People Undiagnosed with HIV

Conducting HIV testing among the social and risk networks of those recently diagnosed with HIV helps identify undiagnosed cases of HIV at significantly higher rates and at a lower cost than other testing approaches, finds a new study conducted in Ukr...

– New York University

Journal of the International AIDS Society; DP1 DA034989 ; P30DA011041; T32AI7384-26; R01 DA033875; R21 AI118998


Let’s Talk About End-of-Life Care

A new study in JNCCN finds majority of people with cancer would like their physicians to ask them where they would prefer to receive end-of-life care.

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)

Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network


How Climate Change Weakens Coral ‘Immune Systems’

Researchers at The Ohio State University and their colleagues have demonstrated how rising temperatures and acidification combine to destabilize different populations of coral microbes—that is, unbalance the natural coral “microbiome."

– Ohio State University

PLOS ONE


Microbiome Predicts Blood Infections in Pediatric Cancer Patients

Patients who developed bloodstream infections had significantly reduced microbiome diversity than patients who remained free of infection.

– University of Colorado Cancer Center

PLoS One


TSRI Researchers Identify Gene Responsible for Mesenchymal Stem Cells’ Stem-Ness’

Scientists often struggle to predict how these cells will act in different environments in the body.

– Scripps Research Institute

Cell Death and Differentiation, Jan. 2018; R24 OD18254


Researchers Borrow from AIDS Playbook to Tackle Rheumatic Heart Disease: Taking Services to the People

Billions of US taxpayer dollars have been invested in Africa over the past 15 years to improve care for millions suffering from the HIV/AIDS epidemic; yet health systems on the continent continue to struggle. What if the investments and lessons learn...

– Case Western Reserve University

Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes; Medtronic Global Health Foundation; NIH; Wolf Family Foundation; Developing Excellence in Leadership, Training and Science Africa Initiative...


Study Reveals Endocrine-Producing Microenvironment in Embryonic Pancreas

UT Southwestern researchers report that development of the endocrine pancreas is promoted by a weblike network of epithelial tubes that exist only transiently in the developing embryo. The findings, published online by Genes & Development, suggest th...

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Genes & Development


Dietary Fiber Protects Against Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome, Study Finds

Consumption of dietary fiber can prevent obesity, metabolic syndrome and adverse changes in the intestine by promoting growth of “good” bacteria in the colon, according to a study led by Georgia State University.

– Georgia State University

Cell Host & Microbe


Enzyme Inhibitor Combined with Chemotherapy Delays Glioblastoma Growth

In animal experiments, a human-derived glioblastoma significantly regressed when treated with the combination of an experimental enzyme inhibitor and the standard glioblastoma chemotherapy drug, temozolomide.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

JCI Insight; CA200085; NS096531; CA1515122; CA151129


Curcumin Improves Memory and Mood, New UCLA Study Says

Take twice daily, curcumin - found in turmeric - boosted memory by 28 percent in double-blind, placebo-controlled study

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry


‘Hijacker’ Drives Cancer in Some Patients with High-Risk Neuroblastoma

Researchers in Memphis and Boston have collaborated to show c-MYC is an oncogene that drives neuroblastoma in some high-risk patients; the findings help set the stage for much-needed precision medicines

– St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Cancer Discovery


Opioids Often Not the Answer to Post-Surgery Pain, Discomfort, Note Physician Anesthesiologists

It’s a given that surgery is painful and may leave you sore and uncomfortable for a few days, whether you’re recovering at home or in the hospital. But it’s best to limit opioids or avoid them altogether, opting for alternatives to manage pain ...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)


Study to Determine Which Stool Test Is Best for Colorectal Cancer Detection

FIT tests, or fecal immunochemical tests, are noninvasive and simple to collect in the privacy of one's own home, with no dietary or medical restrictions. But just how accurate are these new FIT tests? That’s what faculty at Texas Tech University H...

– Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso


Tissue Engineering to Improve the Most Common Orthopaedic Surgery

Researchers at Penn are working to uncover ways to encourage the cells in and around the meniscus to repair themselves, hopefully leading to less invasive procedures.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania


Precision Medicine: Fighting Breast Cancer on the Molecular Level

When most of us think of breast cancer, we envision a malignant lump. It might be large. It might be small. But it’s all the same. It’s cancer.

– Magee-Womens Research Institute


Southern Research Programs Aim to Shield Against Pandemic Flu Dangers

Southern Research scientists are working on several fronts to help limit the death toll from a catastrophic flu outbreak that one day slams the nation.

Expert Available

– Southern Research


Massachusetts House and Senate Come Together to “Screen at 23”

Boston, MA – (January 22, 2018) – Legislators from both the Massachusetts House and Senate have voted on a Joint Resolution to urge the Massachusetts Department of Public Health and other public and private health providers to screen Asian Americ...

– Joslin Diabetes Center


E-Cigarettes: Harm Reduction or ‘Gateway’ to New Smokers?

Smoking is an issue that has been at the heart of public health concerns for decades, with many efforts to restrict tobacco sales, tax cigarettes and sometimes hard-hitting campaigns to get people to quit smoking. But if the tobacco control community...

– Texas A&M University

NEJM


AAE’s Endo On Demand Launch Puts Endodontic Education at Providers’ Fingertips

The AAE is proud to announce a new online learning platform offering 24/7 access to more than 500 hours of CE from AAE annual meetings and other education events. Endo On Demand offers endodontists and other dental professionals access to the best in...

– American Association of Endodontists (AAE)


Vandana Gopikumar, PhD, to Receive 2018 Penn Nursing Renfield Foundation Award for Global Women’s Health

Vandana Gopikumar, PhD, Co-Founder of The Banyan and The Banyan Academy of Leadership in Mental Health will receive the 2018 Penn Nursing Renfield Foundation Award for Global Women’s Health for her work in helping women with mental health problems ...

– University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing


Blavatnik Family Foundation Provides $10 Million to Promote Engineering Innovations in Health

Columbia Engineering announces a $10 million grant from the Blavatnik Family Foundation to fund innovative research at the intersection of engineering and health and to expedite the development, application, and commercialization of breakthrough disc...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science


Dr. Daniel W. Foster, Longtime UT Southwestern Internal Medicine Chairman: 1930-2018

Dr. Daniel W. Foster, a world-renowned diabetes expert, inspiring medical school instructor, and nationally recognized Chairman of UT Southwestern Medical Center’s Department of Internal Medicine for 16 years, died Jan. 18.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center


Yale Cancer Center Receives $1 Million Grant to Address Cancer Disparities

Yale Cancer Center (YCC) has been awarded a $1 million grant by the Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation (BSMF) to address health care disparities in cancer care and support.

– Yale Cancer Center


Eric Beck, DO, MPH, Appointed President of UH Ventures

University Hospitals (UH) system in Cleveland names the first president for UH Ventures to build business endeavors, seek opportunities, and expand existing programs

– University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center


Legislators to Take Shots at Cancer

New Mexico state legislators will divide along house lines in the end-of-session hotly contested basketball game Feb. 5. UNM Football Head Coach Bob Davie will coach the Senate "Lobos" and NMSU Football Head Coach Doug Martin will coach the House of ...

– University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center

Science News


Climate Engineering, Once Started, Would Have Severe Impacts if Stopped

Facing a climate crisis, we may someday spray sulfur dioxide into the upper atmosphere to form a cloud that cools the Earth, but suddenly stopping the spraying would have a severe global impact on animals and plants, according to the first study on t...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Nature Ecology & Evolution; Rutgers Today

Embargo expired on 22-Jan-2018 at 11:00 ET


Lab-Made Hormone May Reveal Secret Lives of Plants

A new synthetic hormone promises to tease apart the many different roles of the plant hormone auxin and could lead to a new way to ripen fruit.

– Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

Nature Chemical Biology, January-2018

Embargo expired on 22-Jan-2018 at 11:00 ET


Climate Change and Snowmelt - Turn Up the Heat, but What About Humidity?

changes in humidity may determine how the contribution of snowpack to streams, lakes and groundwater changes as the climate warms. Surprisingly, cloudy, gray and humid winter days can actually cause the snowpack to warm faster, increasing the likelih...

– University of Utah

PNAS; NEV05293; EAR-0724960; OIA-1208732; EAR-1331408; DE-SC0006968

Embargo expired on 22-Jan-2018 at 15:00 ET


Scientists Discover Material Ideal for Smart Photovoltaic Windows

Researchers at Berkeley Lab discovered that a form of perovskite, one of the hottest materials in solar research due to its high conversion efficiency, works surprisingly well as a stable and photoactive semiconductor material that can be reversibly ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Materials; 10.1038/s41563-017-0006-0; Release online

Embargo expired on 22-Jan-2018 at 11:00 ET


Cryo-EM Reveals Critical Protein-Modifying Complex and Potential Drug Target

Scientists have revealed the atomic-level structure of a molecular complex responsible for modifying proteins, possibly paving the way for the development of new medications for cancer and a host of other diseases.

– Van Andel Research Institute

Embargo expired on 22-Jan-2018 at 11:00 ET

includes video


Biofuels Feedstock Study Supports Billion-Ton Estimate

Can farmers produce at least 1 billion tons of biomass per year that can be used as biofuels feedstock? The answer is yes.

– South Dakota State University

GCB Bioenergy, Jan-2018, herbaceous crops; GCB Bioenergy, Jan-2018, woody energy crops; GCB Bioenergy, Jan-2018, environmental mapping


Rutgers Scientists Discover 'Legos of Life'

Rutgers scientists have found the “Legos of life” – four core chemical structures that can be stacked together to build the myriad proteins inside every organism – after smashing and dissecting nearly 10,000 proteins to understand their compo...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Researchers Reveal How Microbes Cope in Phosphorus-Deficient Tropical Soil

A team led by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory has uncovered how certain soil microbes cope in a phosphorus-poor environment to survive in a tropical ecosystem. Their novel approach could be applied in other ecosystems to st...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nature Ecology & Evolution


Marine Vegetation Can Mitigate Ocean Acidification, UCI Study Finds

Marine plants and seaweeds in shallow coastal ecosystems can play a key role in alleviating the effects of ocean acidification, and their robust population in shoreline environments could help preserve declining shellfish life, according to a study b...

– University of California, Irvine

Scientific Reports, Jan-2018


Small Hydroelectric Dams Increase Globally with Little Research, Regulations

University of Washington researchers have published the first major assessment of small hydropower dams around the world — including their potential for growth — and highlight the incredibly variability in how dams of varying sizes are categorize...

– University of Washington

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Jan-2018


Astronomers Produce First Detailed Images of Surface of Giant Star

An international team of astronomers has produced the first detailed images of the surface of a giant star outside our solar system, revealing a nearly circular, dust-free atmosphere with complex areas of moving material, known as convection cells or...

– Georgia State University

Nature


New Algorithm Identifies Ten Times More Naturally Occurring Antibiotics than All Previous Studies

In a paper published in Nature Microbiology on Jan. 22, a team of American and Russian computer scientists described a new algorithm that identified an order of magnitude, or roughly 10 times more, naturally occurring antibiotics than all previous st...

– University of California San Diego

Nature Microbiology


Johns Hopkins Scientist Proposes New Limit on the Definition of a Planet

An astronomer has calculated that the biggest a planet can be is about 10 times the mass of Jupiter.

– Johns Hopkins University

Astrophysical Journal, Jan-2018


It All Starts With a ‘Spark’: Berkeley Lab Delivers Injector That Will Drive X-ray Laser Upgrade

A team at Berkeley Lab has designed, built, and delivered a unique version of a device, called an injector gun, that can produce a steady stream of these electron bunches. The gun will be used to produce brilliant X-ray laser pulses at a rapid-fire r...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


Meet “Alesi,” a 13-Million-Year-Old Ancestor, at Rutgers Geology Museum This Weekend

About 13 million years ago, a distant ancestor of modern apes and humans suffered an untimely death on the arid landscape of northern Kenya. Last year, a Rutgers scientist helped bring its tiny skull to light, filling in a huge gap in the evolutionar...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today


Water Sensor Developed by UWM Researcher and Entrepreneur Is Finalist in NASA Competition

A water sensor developed by an entrepreneur and the manager UWM's Water Technology Accelerator is a finalist in a NASA competition that seeks to spur creation of new technology. The sensors could have application in space as well as on Earth.

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee


Saint Louis Climate Summit Announces Keynote Speaker

Former Sierra Club executive Carl Pope, author of the New York Times bestseller, Climate of Hope: How Cities, Businesses and Citizens Can Save the Planet, will be the keynote speaker at the April SLU bicentennial event.

– Saint Louis University

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


New Study Reveals Perceived Gender Bias Against Women is Dominant Factor in College Major Choice for Females

A new study published in the American Educational Research Journal by Joseph R. Cimpian, associate professor of economics and education policy at New York University Steinhardt, and three others, shows that college-bound women are less likely to ente...

– New York University

Sagepub; American Educational Research Journal


Impact of Religion and Racial Pride on Classroom Discrimination

Two important factors seem to explain black American adolescents’ experiences with teacher-based racial discrimination – religiosity and racial pride, finds a new study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis.“Overall, for b...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Race and Social Problems


From the Colonists to Kaepernick--NYU’s “First Amendment Watch” on the History of Symbolic Protest

NYU’s Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute’s First Amendment Watch, an online resource offering coverage and context to the debate over freedom of expression, explores the history of symbolic protest with “From Liberty Tree to Taking a Knee: ...

– New York University


The PB&J Sandwich: A Classic On National Peanut Butter Day

UF/IFAS Extension faculty suggest limiting intake to about 2 tablespoons – about 180 calories. They also suggest buying peanut butter that is just ground peanuts with a hint of salt and one that doesn’t contain the partially hydrogenated fat and ...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


Future Year Scholars Program Taps Top Undergraduates to Attend Darden

Darden's Future Year Scholars Program allows new college graduates to earn admission to Darden while still pursuing the start of their career.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


MEDIA ADVISORY: ‘Race at the Movies’ Expert Available

Mark Christian Thompson, a Johns Hopkins University English professor who last semester taught a course “Race at the Movies,” is available to talk to reporters looking for movie analysis and Oscars/Golden Globes commentary.

Expert Available

– Johns Hopkins University


Johns Hopkins School of Nursing Faculty Phyllis Sharps Earns Diversity in Nursing Award

Johns Hopkins School of Nursing Professor and Associate Dean for Community Programs and Initiatives Phyllis Sharps, PhD, RN, FAAN, has earned Modern Healthcare’s Diversity in Nursing award. The accolade is part of the organization’s 2018 Excellen...

– Johns Hopkins School of Nursing


University of Utah S.J. Quinney College of Law Launches New Master of Legal Studies Degree Program

The new, three-semester executive master’s degree program is designed for professionals who may benefit from legal training but do not wish to practice as an attorney. The MLS program’s curriculum is structured for working professionals and is de...

– University of Utah


CDC Awards the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health $2.7 Million to Train Undergraduates as Future Public Health Leaders

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of Minority Health and Health Equity has awarded a five-year, $2.7 million grant to the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health to launch a training program that will inspire undergraduate students...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Business News


Where There Are More Local Community Banks, Rural Entrepreneurs Are More Likely to Obtain Conventional Business Loans

The greater the proportion of local banks in a nonmetropolitan area, the better the chances that a conventional business loan helped start or expand a business, according to a Baylor University study. The finding suggests that a locally oriented fina...

– Baylor University

Rural Sociology

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