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Wednesday, January 24, 2018

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Medical
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Medical News


Wisdom at the End of Life

In a paper publishing January 24 in the journal International Psychogeriatrics, researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine asked 21 hospice patients, ages 58 to 97 and in the last six months of their lives, to describe t...

– University of California San Diego Health

International Psychogeriatrics

Embargo expired on 24-Jan-2018 at 00:05 ET


Nanoparticle Vaccine Offers Universal Protection Against Influenza A Viruses, Study Finds

Researchers have developed a universal vaccine to combat influenza A viruses that produces long-lasting immunity in mice and protects them against the limitations of seasonal flu vaccines, according to a study led by Georgia State University.

– Georgia State University

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 24-Jan-2018 at 05:00 ET


Sleep Improves Pain and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Youth

Sleep quality partially mediates the relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and pain in children and adolescents, according to new research reported in The Journal of Pain, published by the American Pain Society.

– American Pain Society

The Journal of Pain

Embargo expired on 24-Jan-2018 at 08:05 ET


PCOS May Reduce Gut Bacteria Diversity

Women who have a common hormone condition that contributes to infertility and metabolic problems tend to have less diverse gut bacteria than women who do not have the condition, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal ...

– Endocrine Society

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

Embargo expired on 23-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


Short-Course Treatment for Combat-Related PTSD Offers Expedited Path to Recovery

Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can be debilitating and standard treatment can take months, often leaving those affected unable to work or care for their families. But, a new study demonstrated that many PTSD sufferers can benefit f...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

JAMA

Embargo expired on 23-Jan-2018 at 11:00 ET


Researchers Investigate Bioelectricity to Better Understand Breast Cancer

Bioelectric signaling networks relay signals between cells. Current cancer research focuses primarily on biochemical signaling, but bioelectric signals are another communication system that interacts with biochemical messengers.

– West Virginia University

Embargo expired on 23-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


South Nassau Joins Mount Sinai Health System

Internationally Renowned Mount Sinai to Help Develop Array of Advanced Services. South Nassau to Be Mount Sinai’s ‘Flagship’ Hospital on Long Island.

– Mount Sinai Health System

Embargo expired on 24-Jan-2018 at 06:00 ET


Announcing the 2018 SLAS Technology Ten: Translating Life Sciences Innovation

“The 2018 SLAS Technology Ten represent some of the most innovative scientific achievements that were featured in SLAS Technology in the past 12 months,” says Editor-in-Chief Edward Kai-Hua Chow, PhD (National University of Singapore).

– SLAS (Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening)


Study Provides New Guidelines for Assessing Severity of Head and Neck Cancers

Cedars-Sinai investigators have developed a new, more accurate set of guidelines for assessing the severity of head and neck cancers and predicting patient survival. The new guidelines center around counting the number of malignant lymph nodes found ...

– Cedars-Sinai

Journal of Clinical Oncology


Scientists Create a 3-D Model Of Molecules in Yeast Linked to Enzyme that Lengthens Chromosome Tips

Through the haze of a sonogram screen, an expectant mother catches a glimpse of the growing baby within her. The outline of a nose, chin and head, instantly recognizable as a tiny human, brings to life what parents, until then, could only imagine. Bi...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Cell

includes video


Discovery May Advance Neural Stem Cell Treatments for Brain Disorders

New research from Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) reveals a novel gene regulatory system that may advance stem cell therapies and gene-targeting treatments for neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’...

– Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Nature Neuroscience; CA159859; GM062848; MH109978; HG008155; AG054012; HG007610; GM110090


Guidelines Support Telemedicine as an Effective Tool for Allergists

A new position paper by the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology provides guidance to allergists interested in providing telemedicine care to their patients.

– American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI)

Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology


Decision Support Systems May Improve Quality of Patient Surgical Care

. New research published in the February issue of Anesthesiology, the peer-reviewed journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), illustrates how physician anesthesiologists are investigating the challenges and opportunities of integra...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

Anesthesiology


Plotting the Downward Trend in Traditional Hysterectomy

Fewer women are getting hysterectomies in every state across the country.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology


Prosecuting Background Check and Straw Purchase Violations Depends on State Laws

A new study from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that prosecutions in Pennsylvania for violating the state’s straw purchase law increased by nearly 16 times following the 2012 passage of a law requiring a mandatory minimum...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Injury Prevention


Anemia Discovery Offers New Targets to Treat Fatigue That Affects Millions

UVA has discovered an unknown biological process that controls the production of red blood cells, which carry oxygen to the body. The discovery could help doctors develop new treatments for anemia, which affects millions.

– University of Virginia Health System

Journal of Experimental Medicine; R01DK079924; R01DK101550 ; K08HL093355; LLSNIA-8988-15


Reaching the Breaking Point

A University of Utah mechanical engineer believes the bones of an older person become more susceptible to a break due to repeated stress from everyday activities such as walking, creating microdamage that affects the quality of the bone. That is in c...

– University of Utah

Nature Biomedical Engineering


New Gel Reduces Side Effects of Prostate Cancer Treatment

Radiation therapy is a popular and effective treatment for many men with prostate cancer, and now a temporary gel offers greater protection for organs at risk during treatments.

– Beaumont Health

International Journal of Radiation Oncology


A New Theory on Reducing Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Binge Drinkers

A new study shows that binge drinkers have increased levels of a biomarker molecule — microRNA-21 — that may contribute to poor vascular function. Researchers believe that measurements of microRNA-21 could help determine if a patient with a histo...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research


Pain Care Outcomes Unaffected by Opioid Dose Reductions

Several health organizations, including the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, have recommended dose reduction and risk mitigation strategies to reduce adverse events for patients on chronic opioid therapy. A new study published in The Journal of Pai...

– American Pain Society

The Journal of Pain


Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Have Less Bacterial Diversity in Gut

Women who have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a common hormone condition that contributes to infertility and metabolic problems, such as diabetes and heart disease, tend to have less diverse gut bacteria than women who do not have the condition, a...

– University of California San Diego Health

The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism


Genetic Lung Disease’s Molecular Roots Identified

People with the rare genetic disease primary ciliary dyskinesia suffer repeated lung infections because they lack functional cilia, hairlike structures that sweep mucus through the airways.  Most people have errors in the molecular motor that powers...

– Washington University in St. Louis

PNAS, Jan-2018; HL128370; CDI-CORE-2015-505; 3770

includes video


Blast, Impact Simulations Could Lead to Better Understanding of Injuries and Body Armor

Sandia National Laboratories is developing specialized computer modeling and simulation methods to better understand how blasts on a battlefield could lead to traumatic brain injury and injuries to vital organs, like the heart and lungs.

– Sandia National Laboratories


Cardiology Appointments Enhance NYU Langone Heart Program in Brooklyn

NYU Langone Hospital – Brooklyn has appointed four highly skilled heart specialists to integrate new technology and advances in research with the care delivered in the community.

– NYU Langone Hospital - Brooklyn


New AAE Website Empowers Patients to Seek Endodontic Care

Designed to give all audiences an enhanced user experience, the American Association of Endodontists’ newly redesigned website, aae.org, is now live. The new patient-focused site is dedicated to educating the public about endodontics and the value ...

– American Association of Endodontists (AAE)


NYU's Dr. Brian Schmidt and Columbia's Dr. Nigel Bunnett Awarded NIH Grant to Investigate Proteases and Pain Signaling Related to Oral Cancer

The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has awarded Brian Schmidt, DDS, MD, PhD, of the Bluestone Center for Clinical Research at New York University College of Dentistry (N...

– New York University

R01DE026806-01A1


Mangurian Foundation Donates $20 Million to Mayo Clinic to Name New Medical Building

Mayo Clinic’s Florida campus has received a $20 million gift from The Harry T. Mangurian Jr. Foundation in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, to support expansion projects and a new medical building for cancer and neurologic care.

– Mayo Clinic


Groundbreaking Parkinson’s Research at La Jolla Institute Funded by Michael J. Fox Foundation

La Jolla Institute Professor Dr. Alessandro Sette has been awarded a $340,000 grant by The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research (MJFF) to follow up on an earlier MJFF-supported study, which provided the strongest evidence to date that...

– La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology

Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research


Four WCS Conservationists Are Named Finalists for Award for Conservation Excellence

WCS is pleased to announce that four of its scientists, Dr. Joel Berger, Dr. Ullas Karanth, Dr. Nyawira Muthiga and Dr.Tim McClanahan have advanced as finalists for the 2018 Award for Conservation Excellence (ACE) (Drs. Muthiga and McClanahan have be...

– Wildlife Conservation Society


American Society of Anesthesiologists Named a National Best and Brightest Company to Work For®

The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) announced today that it has been named a 2017 Best and Brightest Companies to Work For® in the Nation. This honor comes after previously being named a winner in the 2017 Chicago Best and Brightest Comp...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)


Women's Health Research Gets Congressional Boost

Women’s health research got a federal and local boost with the declaration of a national Women’s Health Research Day to coincide with the 2nd Annual Symposium on Sex Inclusion in Biomedical Research on Jan. 25.This event celebrates the second a...

– Northwestern University


$1.19 Million for Rare Liver Disorder in Pregnancy

The University of Adelaide will lead an international, multi-centre project to help find the best treatment for a rare pregnancy complication that can cause increased risk of preterm and still birth, and considerable distress.

– University of Adelaide

Science News


Researchers Pose Revolutionary Theory on Horse Evolution

Scientists have long wondered how the horse evolved from an ancestor with five toes to the animal we know today. While it is largely believed that horses simply evolved with fewer digits, researchers at New York Institute of Technology College of Ost...

– New York Institute of Technology

Royal Society Open Science

Embargo expired on 23-Jan-2018 at 19:05 ET


Infants Recognize Foreign Languages as a Form of Communication

Infants recognize that speech in a language not their own is used for communication, finds a new psychology study. The results offer new insights into how language is processed at a young age.

– New York University

Cognition


Adding Graphene Girders to Silicon Electrodes Could Double the Life of Lithium Batteries

New research led by WMG, at the University of Warwick has found an effective approach to replacing graphite in the anodes of lithium-ion batteries using silicon, by reinforcing the anode’s structure with graphene girders. This could more than doubl...

– University of Warwick

Nature Scientific


The Big Picture of Great Lakes Mercury Pollution

A transdisciplinary team examined regulatory impacts on Great Lakes mercury, focusing on an Upper Peninsula tribal community with high fish consumption.

– Michigan Technological University

Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts; NSF ICER-1313755


All the Buzz – Bigger Honeybee Colonies Have Quieter Combs

When honeybee colonies get larger, common sense suggests it would be noisier with more bees buzzing around. But a study recently published in Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology reports that bigger honeybee colonies actually have quieter combs than s...

– Cornell University

Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, Nov-2017


Researcher Examines Aerosols And Their Impact On Clouds, Weather

Different kinds of aerosols released into the atmosphere can affect cloud formations and influence weather patterns, according to a team of researchers that includes a Texas A&M University atmospheric scientist.

– Texas A&M University

Advances of Atmospheric Sciences, Feb-2018; AGS-1700796


Engineers Develop Flexible, Water-Repellent Graphene Circuits for Washable Electronics

Jonathan Claussen and the nanoengineers in his research group continue to find new ways to use graphene printing technology. They're now treating printed graphene with lasers to create electronic circuits that repel water. That could lead to washable...

– Iowa State University

Nanoscale, Dec. 28, 2017


New Jersey Climate Adaptation Alliance Launches Social Media Campaign

Did you know that New Jersey can expect higher temperatures, heavier rains, rising sea levels and more frequent and severe coastal flooding this century? The New Jersey Climate Adaptation Alliance – facilitated by Rutgers University–New Brunswick...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today


Scientists Help UF/IFAS Predict Where to Grow Food Worldwide

As an example of their work at the conference, researchers incorporated new models for crops like the cereal tef and cassava, which are typically grown in developing countries, said Jim Jones, a UF/IFAS professor of agricultural and biological engine...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


University of Arkansas Research May Lead to New Source of Green Energy

A University of Arkansas invention has the potential to change the way we produce and consume energy. A technology commercialization company has licensed the patent for this technology and is working with physics professor Paul Thibado on to develop ...

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

includes video


Flu May Be Spread Just by Breathing

A new study, led in part by San José State researcher Sheryl Ehrman, indicates the virus may be passed on a lot more easily than once thought.

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office


Tulane Team Testing Hybrid Solar Energy Converter

A Tulane University researcher is leading a U.S. Department of Energy project to develop a hybrid solar energy converter that generates electricity and steam with high efficiency and low cost.

– Tulane University


Theoretical Physicist Elena Belova Named to Editorial Board of Physics of Plasmas

Theoretical physicist Elena Belova named to editorial board of Physics of Plasmas

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Arizona State University to Manufacture Neuronal Cells Needed to Develop Treatments for Neurodegenerative Diseases

Lab-grown human neurons will help researchers develop and test treatments for devastating diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

– Arizona State University (ASU)

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Survey Results Show Christians Becoming Less Concerned About the Environment

There has been no "greening of Christianity" among people in the pews, despite efforts by some religious leaders to emphasize environmental stewardship, according to new Indiana University research.

– Indiana University

Environmental Politics, 20-Dec-2017


Flourishing Under an Abusive Boss? You May Be a Psychopath, Study Shows

According to research from the University of Notre Dame, certain types of “psychopaths” actually benefit and flourish under abusive bosses.

– University of Notre Dame

Journal of Business Ethics


Incoming Journalists Are Tech Savvy but Lack 'the Basics,' Finds CU Boulder Study

When a CU Boulder researcher surveyed veteran journalists nationwide about their views of industry newcomers, he was told they are skilled in multi-media but lack basic reporting and writing skills.

– University of Colorado Boulder

Journalism and Mass Communication Educator


Dominican Students Bottle 50 Pounds of Honey From Campus Hives

Dominican University students, faculty and staff bottled a bumper crop of 50 pounds of honey harvested from the university’s four beehives. Members of the River Forest Sustainability Commission and Village President Cathy Adduci also got in on the ...

– Dominican University


Oscar Nominations: "Positive Strides" and Missed Opportunities, Says Baylor Entertainment Marketing Expert

Tyrha Lindsey-Warren, Ph.D., studies consumer behavior, multicultural media, movies and entertainment. She is an expert on Hollywood and movies featuring actors of color. She said Tuesday's Oscar nominations reveal "positive strides" for recognition ...

– Baylor University


A New Collective of Scholars Set Their Sights on Examining the Impact of Race in Marketing

The Race in the Marketplace (RIM) Research Network will focus its efforts on filling the void of scholarly research on race in marketing to impact public policy and nonprofit advocacy decisions worldwide.

Expert Available

– American University


UNLV Hospitality College Marks 50 Years, Opens State-of-the-Art Academic Building

At the peak of its 50th anniversary, UNLV’s Harrah College of Hospitality is ringing in the New Year – and the new semester – with the opening of its state-of-the-art academic building, Hospitality Hall.

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

includes video


Olin College Named One of Princeton Review's 2018 Colleges That Pay You Back

Olin College awarded by the Princeton Review.

– Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering


Law School Podcasts: Freedom of Speech and Innovation in the Legal Industry

In the 17th episode of Northwestern Pritzker School of Law’s Planet Lex podcast series, Dean Daniel Rodriguez takes a closer look at free speech with Martin Redish, the Louis and Harriet Ancel Professor of Law and Public Policy at Northwestern Law....

– Northwestern University


Exhibits Focus on Black Millennial Self-Representation, Activism

Exhibits highlight black millennial self-representation and student activism

– University of Illinois at Chicago


Northwestern Law, Academic Engagement Network to Host Symposium on Free Speech

Symposium on Free Speech and Campus. Violence and Disruption’ to bring together academics from around the country. Media invited to attend Jan. 25 symposium in Chicago -Media planning on covering discussion must notify Northwestern media relations...

– Northwestern University


New York Times Columnist Charles M. Blow to Give Mlk Keynotes January 25

6 p.m. keynote in Ryan Auditorium, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston. Noon keynote in Thorne Auditorium, 375 E. Chicago Ave., Chicago. Media planning on covering must notify Northwestern media relations by Jan. 24.

– Northwestern University

Business News


Penn Center for Inherited Cardiovascular Disease Gifted $5 Million

The Penn Center for Inherited Cardiovascular Disease has received a $5 million commitment from Mark Winkelman and his family. The generous donation from Winkelman, a former chair of the Penn Medicine Board, will help support and build upon the center...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Embargo expired on 24-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET


Research Asks Why Some Private Equity Firms Add Jobs After Buyouts

A University of Arkansas finance professor and his colleague at Purdue University found that some private equity firms, despite their reputation as job destroyers, increased employment following a buyout. Most of these firms had political connections...

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Journal of Finance


Combating Data Breach Fatigue

If you shop online or swipe a credit or debit card when out to eat, you’ve likely received a notice your personal information was compromised in a data breach. And if you’re like most consumers, chances are you did nothing in response, says an Io...

– Iowa State University


Study Finds Bank Lending to Small Businesses Still Depressed Several Years After Financial Crisis Ended

Bank lending to small businesses, a major contributor to local economies and job creation around the country, is still depressed several years after the end of the U.S. financial crisis that started in 2008, according to a new FAU study.

– Florida Atlantic University

U.S. Small Business Administration


How to Act on Your Ethics

Professor Mary Gentile discusses her practical Giving Voice to Values framework and how it’s applicable across cultures and around the world.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Israel & U.S.: A Unique Partnership in Science, Technology and Business

Through its International Cooperative Programs Office (ICPO), S&T maintains valuable partnerships with a number of nations. The U.S. and Israel began their annual bilateral meetings in 2008.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate

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