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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Wednesday, January 31, 2018

Public Edition | newswise.com

Medical
(24 New)
Science
(17 New)
Life
(9 New)
Business
(3 New)
Marketplace
(1 New)
 

Medical News


Durability of Open Heart Surgery Offers Younger Patients Superior Long-Term Results

Younger patients with severe coronary artery disease may experience better long-term outcomes when they are treated with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) instead of more popular and less invasive stenting procedures.

– The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

54th Annual Meeting of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

Embargo expired on 30-Jan-2018 at 10:00 ET


1 in 7 Lung Surgery Patients at Risk for Opioid Dependence

While the use of opioids after surgery is intended as a short-term strategy to relieve pain, many patients who weren’t prior opioid users continue to take the medication for several months after their lung operations, becoming dependent and “pers...

– The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

54th Annual Meeting of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

Embargo expired on 30-Jan-2018 at 10:00 ET


Refusing Surgery for Esophageal Cancer May Cause Severe Consequences for Patients

Patients with esophageal cancer who refuse surgery when it is recommended are less likely to survive long term than similar groups of patients who undergo an operation.

– The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

54th Annual Meeting of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

Embargo expired on 30-Jan-2018 at 10:00 ET


Northern Plains American Indians: Reasons for Alcohol- and Drug-Related Hospitalizations

American Indians who drink alcohol are often collectively characterized as having greater risks for alcohol problems, alcohol misuse, and alcohol-use disorders. Indeed, despite high abstinence rates, American Indians experience elevated rates of many...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 30-Jan-2018 at 10:00 ET


Unique Research Approach Finds FDA Approved Drug Shuts Down Ewing Sarcoma Cells in Lab

Based on a novel approach to drug discovery, researchers at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center say an agent approved to treat a type of leukemia might also help young people with a much rarer and aggressive form of cancer, Ewing sarcoma....

– Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center

Embargo expired on 30-Jan-2018 at 18:00 ET


Robert H. Bartlett Receives Bakken Scientific Achievement Award

Ground-breaking and internationally recognized medical researcher, surgeon, and professor Robert H. Bartlett, MD was awarded the 2018 Earl Bakken Scientific Achievement Award by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons during the organization’s 54th Annual...

– The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

Embargo expired on 30-Jan-2018 at 11:00 ET


Moffitt Researchers Discover New Approach to Stimulate an Immune Response Against Tumor Cells

New drugs that activate the immune system to target cancer cells have improved the lives of many patients with cancer. However, immunotherapies are not effective in all patients, and the success of these therapies depends on individual patient factor...

– Moffitt Cancer Center

Cancer Cell, Jan-2018


Microcapsules Gain a New Power — Scavenging Reactive Oxygen Species

Stable, biocompatible microcapsules have gained a new power — the ability to scavenge reactive oxygen species. This may aid microcapsule survival in the body as the tiny polymer capsules carry a drug or other biomolecules, or find use in antioxidan...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Chemistry of Materials; DMR 1608728; DK099550; 7-12-CD-11; 1-SRA-2015-42-AN


Better-Educated Men = Healthier Women and Mothers in the Developing World

In much of Africa and Asia, the more schooling a man has, the more likely his partner will take birth control or seek medical help in pregnancy, according to Canadian researchers

– Universite de Montreal

Social Science & Medicine, Dec. 5, 2017


Expert Panel Issues New Guidelines for Lung Cancer Molecular Testing

Experts from three major organizations add ROS1 to list of tests matching lung cancer with targeted treatments.

– University of Colorado Cancer Center

Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine


Interactive Tool Improves Patient Knowledge of Breast Cancer Treatment Options

Breast cancer patients who used an interactive website were more informed about options and felt better prepared to make a treatment choice.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Journal of Clinical Oncology; P01 CA163223


Hacer Cosquillas al Cerebro con Estimulación Eléctrica Mejora la Memoria, Revela Estudio

Hacerle cosquillas al cerebro en una zona específica con estimulación eléctrica de baja intensidad puede mejorar la memoria verbal a corto plazo. Los investigadores de Mayo Clinic informan sobre estos resultados en Brain.

– Mayo Clinic

Brain


研究表明用电刺激给大脑搔痒可改善记忆力

用低强度电刺激来给大脑的特定区域搔痒可改善词语的短期记忆。Mayo Clinic的研究人员在Brain杂志上报告了他们的发现。

– Mayo Clinic

Brain


For Children with Respiratory Infections, Antibiotics with Narrower Targets Are Better

A study of 30,000 children with earaches, strep throat and other common infections found that narrow-spectrum antibiotics had fewer adverse effects than broad-spectrum antibiotics. A more selective approach is better, said researchers.

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

JAMA, Dec. 19, 2017


Specific Neurons Trigger Waking Due to Inhaled Carbon Dioxide

Researchers with the Iowa Neuroscience Institute at the University of Iowa have shown that a group of neurons responsible for arousal are directly triggered by carbon dioxide and cause mice to wake up without any changes to breathing.

– University of Iowa

Journal of Neuroscience, Jan 29, 2018; R01 NS095842


Direct-to-Implant Breast Reconstruction Provides Good Results in Older Women

For older women undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer, direct-to-implant (DTI) breast reconstruction provides good outcomes in a single-step procedure, while avoiding some of the inconvenience and risks of staged approaches to breast reconstruction...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery


Complications of Reconstruction Surgery Differ for Transgender Patients

The risks of penile reconstruction surgery (phalloplasty) appear higher in female-to-male transgender (transmale) patients undergoing gender confirmation surgery, compared to native male (cismale) patients undergoing phalloplasty for other reasons, r...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery


The Past and Present of HIV: Three Decades of Care at UAB's 1917 Clinic

The University of Alabama at Birmingham's 1917 Clinic celebrates 30 years of treatment for those living with HIV. In it's first year, the clinic saw just 100 people but three decades later, the clinic has served more than 12,000 patients. The need fo...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham


Press Registration Now Open for 2018 Experimental Biology Meeting

The 2018 Experimental Biology meeting will be held April 21-25 in San Diego. With more than 14,000 attendees and hundreds of scientific sessions, EB 2018 is a life science research bonanza you won’t want to miss.

– Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)

The 2018 Experimental Biology meeting, April 21-25


7 Tips to Save Your Stomach on Super Bowl Sunday

Super Bowl Sunday is one of the biggest eating and drinking days of the year and with the spread of snacks on tables across America, often, it’s easy to overeat. It is estimated that Americans eat over one billion wings during Super Bowl weekend, a...

– New York-Presbyterian Hospital


International Expert at UAMS Myeloma Institute Releases First Book on Castleman Disease

Castleman disease, a rare disorder of the lymph nodes and related tissues, was identified and named more than a half-century ago but, until recently, no one had written a book exclusively about it. Frits van Rhee, M.D., Ph.D., professor of medicin...

Expert Available

– University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences


Sports Drinks Are Not Solutions for Illness-Related Dehydration

Hospitals across the nation have been hit by a double whammy: an alarming flu season combined with a shortage of intravenous fluids. Hurricane Maria’s devastating effects on Puerto Rico, a critical manufacturing hub for American medical supplies, h...

Expert Available

– Texas A&M University


Rheumatology Leaders to HHS: Prior Authorization, Recent Part B Payment Change are Biggest Threats to Healthcare Choice and Competition

The ACR urged HHS to reform its prior authorization policies, to reverse a recent HHS decision to apply Part B drug spending to payment adjustments under the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS); require pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs) to be ...

– American College of Rheumatology (ACR)


With $3.1m Grant From NIH, UCLA Scientists to Advance Adoption of Focal Therapy to Treat Prostate Cancer

UCLA researchers Dr. Leonard Marks and Shyam Natarajan will lead a $3.1 million research project grant awarded by the National Institutes of Health to advance the adoption of a promising new technology to treat men with prostate cancer. By helping to...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Science News


Colorado Potato Beetle Genome Gives Insight Into Major Agricultural Pest

A team of scientists led by University of Wisconsin-Madison entomologist Sean Schoville sequenced the Colorado potato beetle's genome, probing its genes for clues to its surprising adaptability to new environments and insecticides. The new informatio...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Scientific Reports Jan. 31, 2018

Embargo expired on 31-Jan-2018 at 05:00 ET


WVU to Conduct Commercial-Scale Research of Clean Tech for Coal-Fired Power Plants

West Virginia University researchers are leading commercial-scale research and development of two new innovations at the country's most efficient coal-fired power plant. The devices could make coal combustion more efficient with fewer emissions and f...

– West Virginia University

Embargo expired on 30-Jan-2018 at 13:00 ET


Research Finding Ways to Inject Manure, Preserve Environment

What’s a responsible farmer to do? Manure injection is an important soil management practice that reduces the chance of manure runoff. But recent studies by Carol Adair and colleagues at the University of Vermont show manure injection can increase ...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

American Society of Agronomy Annual Meeting


Rutgers Engineers 3D Print Shape-Shifting Smart Gel

Rutgers engineers have invented a “4D printing” method for a smart gel that could lead to the development of “living” structures in human organs and tissues, soft robots and targeted drug delivery.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Scientific Reports ; Rutgers Today


Applying Machine Learning to the Universe’s Mysteries

Berkeley Lab physicists and their collaborators have demonstrated that computers are ready to tackle the universe’s greatest mysteries – they used neural networks to perform a deep dive into data simulating the subatomic particle soup that may ha...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Communications, Jan. 15, 2018


Newborns or Survivors? The Unexpected Matter Found in Hostile Black Hole Winds

A new theory predicts that molecules are born in the winds with unique properties that enable them to adapt to and thrive in the hostile environment.

– Northwestern University

Royal Astronomical Society


Urban Foxes and Coyotes Learn to Set Aside Their Differences and Coexist

Diverging from centuries of established behavioral norms, red fox and coyote have gone against their wild instincts and learned to coexist in the urban environment of Madison and the University of Wisconsin–Madison campus, according to a recently p...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

PLOS One


An Outdoor Cat Can Damage Your Sustainability Cred

If you install solar panels on your roof and avoid dousing your lawn with chemicals and pesticides, your online peers may consider you to be environmentally friendly. But this street cred can all be erased if you let your cat roam around outdoors.

– Cornell University

Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, Nov. 2017


Stellar Embryos in Nearby Dwarf Galaxy Contain Surprisingly Complex Organic Molecules

New observations with ALMA have uncovered the surprisingly clear chemical “fingerprints” of the complex organic molecules methanol, dimethyl ether, and methyl formate.

– National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Astrophysical Journal Letters, Jan. 2018


Fossil Evidence Shows Bats Colonized From Islands to Continents

Plants and animals are generally thought to colonize from continents to islands, over time leading to the evolution of separate island species. But a new study published in the Journal of Biogeography suggests a re-thinking of colonizing patterns.

– Stony Brook University


Which Microbes Matter Most?

A team of scientists from Northern Arizona University’s Center for Ecosystem Science and Society (Ecoss) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) recently announced a major achievement in ecosystem science. Their research, published as “...

– Northern Arizona University

Ecosphere


Chemists Follow Molecules Down ‘Nanowells,’ Track Catalytic Reactions in Nanoconfinement

Chemists have measured the effects of nanoconfinement on catalytic reactions by developing experimental techniques capable of tracking single molecules. Understanding such reactions could help chemists design high-performance catalysts.

– Iowa State University

Nature Catalysis, Published online, January 22, 2018


Scientists Join International Research Team in Discovery That Could Improve HD TV

Scientists at Queen’s University Belfast have been working as part of an international team to develop a new process, which could lead to a new generation of high-definition (HD), paving the way for brighter, lighter and more energy efficient TVs a...

– Queen's University Belfast


How Coast Guard Response Is Benefitting from S&T’s University Partnerships

Using this visual, user-centered platform, USCG decision makers could spot the stations most capable of responding to the disaster and helped prioritize the restoration of stations in need of repair.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate


Stellar magnetism: What’s behind the most brilliant lights in the sky?

Space physicists at University of Wisconsin-Madison have just released unprecedented detail on a bizarre phenomenon that powers the northern lights, solar flares and coronal mass ejections (the biggest explosions in our solar system).

– University of Wisconsin-Madison


SLAC Scientists Investigate How Metal 3-D Printing Can Avoid Producing Flawed Parts

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory are using X-ray light to observe and understand how the process of making metal parts using three-dimensional (3-D) printing can leave flaws in the finished product – a...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

includes video


Elke-Caroline Aschenauer Awarded Prestigious Humboldt Research Award

UPTON, NY — Elke-Caroline Aschenauer, a senior physicist at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, has been awarded a Humboldt Research Award for her contributions to the field of experimental nuclear physics. This prestigi...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Dishonest Individuals Perceived as Less Capable

If you saw someone steal an expensive item from a department store, would you think he is less capable at his job? Most people would think that, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Embargo expired on 31-Jan-2018 at 09:00 ET


Cutting the Cord is Easier Said than Done

Chances are there's someone in your life who causes a lot of tension and stress. Difficult relationships are common. They are also commonly difficult to evade. Who are these people and why can’t we just cut the cord? New research explores these q...

– Bar-Ilan University

American Sociological Review


Disclosing Weaknesses Can Undermine Some Workplace Relationships

Sharing personal information with friends and family has long been held by researchers as a way to build rapport and healthy relationships. But between coworkers, that’s not always true.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes


Record Expansion of U.S. Hate Groups Slows Under Trump Administration

As President Donald Trump prepares to offer his first State of the Union address, a new analysis by a Washington University in St. Louis sociologist may explain why the pronounced, decades-long expansion of U.S.-based hate groups has slowed to a craw...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Sociology Research Online


Pictures Move People More than Words

Is a picture worth a thousand words? While new psychology research from UC San Diego doesn't quantify the truth of the adage, it does show that a single picture has the power to sway people – changing how they behave – while a single word does no...

– University of California San Diego

Frontiers in Psychology


Bar-Ilan University Hosts Israel Model UN Conference

Approximately 250 students from 13 academic institutions throughout the country participated in the national conference of the Israel Model UN Association (IMUNA) hosted by Bar-Ilan University.

– Bar-Ilan University


Bar-Ilan University and Hungary's Milton Friedman University Ink Academic Cooperation Agreement

Israel-Hungary bilateral cooperation will reach new heights following a cooperation agreement signed between Bar-Ilan University and the Milton Friedman University of Budapest.

– Bar-Ilan University


International Horizon 2020 Project “LAW-TRAIN" Represented at Two International Conferences

LAW-TRAIN has been successfully presented at Milipol Paris 2017 and CEPOL 2017.

– Bar-Ilan University


Interactive Exhibit at GW Introduces Visitors to the Art of Textiles

The George Washington University Museum and The Textile Museum's new "Textiles 101" interactive exhibit will give visitors an opportunity to see and experience how textiles are made. This exhibit is open indefinitely.

– George Washington University

Business News


Longtime Sasol Executive Tom O’Brien Receives ACI Distinguished Service Award

Tom O’Brien, a leader with more than three decades of experience in the chemical and cleaning product supply chains – including many years with Sasol – is the 2018 recipient of the American Cleaning Institute Distinguished Service Award.

– American Cleaning Institute


American University Launches Plan for Inclusive Excellence

American University President Sylvia M. Burwell today launched AU’s Plan for Inclusive Excellence, a far-reaching effort to build a truly inclusive community at the University.

– American University

includes video


Indiana University Expands CRM with Salesforce.org

Indiana University and Salesforce.org are working together on the expansion of IU’s use of Salesforce as its university-wide constituent relationship management (CRM) system for interacting with students, faculty, staff and the many friends of IU. ...

– Indiana University

Marketplace


An Elastic Skin-Like Liquid Bandage Wins FDA Approval

A Penn State biomedical start-up company has won FDA approval for its first product, a biopolymer liquid bandage.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

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