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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Friday, February 2, 2018

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Medical News

Patients and Doctors Often Disagree in Evaluation of Surgical Scarring

When it comes to the physical scars surgery leaves behind, a new study shows patients and doctors often don’t assess their severity the same way. Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania found patients and ...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

JAMA Facial and Plastic Surgery

Embargo expired on 01-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET

Zeroing in on Dopamine

Harvard Medical School scientists have identified the molecular machinery responsible for secretion of the neurotransmitter dopamine, opening door for new strategies to precision target dopamine release.

– Harvard Medical School

Embargo expired on 01-Feb-2018 at 12:00 ET

Bacteria Play Critical Role In Driving Colon Cancers

Patients with an inherited form of colon cancer harbor two bacterial species that collaborate to encourage development of the disease, and the same species have been found in people who develop a sporadic form of colon cancer, a study led by a Johns ...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Cell Host & Microbe ; R01 CA151393, K08 DK087856, 5T32CA126607-05, P30 DK089502, P30 CA006973, P50 CA62924, 01DK080817, R01CA151325, R01GM111682; P30DK089502, P30CA006973, P50CA06292, K08 DK087856....

Embargo expired on 01-Feb-2018 at 14:00 ET

Hunger Overrides Sense of Fullness After Weight Loss

Bethesda, Md. (February 1, 2018)—The levels of hormones that control hunger and fullness(satiety) both rise after weight loss, but individuals may only experience an increase in hunger, according to a new study. The study is published ahead of prin...

– American Physiological Society (APS)

American Journal of Physiology—Endocrinology and Metabolism

Study Shows Evidence of Severe and Lingering Symptoms in Some after Treatment for Lyme Disease

In a study of 61 people treated for the bacteria that causes Lyme disease, Johns Hopkins researchers conclude that fatigue, pain, insomnia and depression do indeed persist over long periods of time for some people, despite largely normal physical exa...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Frontiers in Medicine

Belief in Conspiracy Theories Associated with Vaccine Skepticism

People who believe Princess Diana was murdered or that John F. Kennedy’s assassination was an elaborate plot are more likely to think that vaccines are unsafe, despite scientific evidence to the contrary, according to research published by the Amer...

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Health Psychology

Why Basal Cell Tumors Return When Drug Treatment Stops

A new study pinpoints a mechanism that controls how basal cell cancers respond to treatment and offers new ideas for controlling this disease when it gets tricky.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Cancer Cell; R21CA209166; R00AR059796; R01AR065409; R01CA087837; P30CA046592

Mayo Clinic的研究发现,每天站立几个小时能帮助您减重

据在“欧洲预防性心脏病学杂志”(European Journal of Preventive Cardiology)上发表的一项Mayo Clinic的研究显示,长期而言,每天站立而不是坐六小时可以帮助人们减轻体重。 该文资深作者,Mayo Cli...

– Mayo Clinic

European Journal of Preventive Cardiology

UCLA Researchers Link a Relatively Unknown Gene to Early Emergence of Blood Diseases

UCLA researchers, in collaboration with the University of Iowa, discovered the contribution of a specific gene in the proper development of blood cells that give rise to hematopoietic stem cells. The findings identify a potential target for the devel...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Cell Reports

Phone-Delivered Therapy Reduces Depression in People Living with HIV

Interpersonal psychotherapy is a common, in-person treatment for depression, but new research from the University of Georgia found that this type of one-on-one therapy can be successfully delivered over the telephone.

– University of Georgia

Annals of Behavioral Medicine

New International Practice Guidelines for Tamoxifen Treatment Based on CYP2D6 Genotype

An international group of clinicians and scientists representing the Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium (CPIC) published the first-ever clinical practice guideline for using CYP2D6 genotype to guide tamoxifen therapy in Clinical Phar...

– Mayo Clinic

Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Simmons Cancer Center Researchers Part of Historic CAR-T Breakthrough

A historic study involving researchers from UT Southwestern’s Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center demonstrates the effectiveness of CAR-T therapy, which uses genetically modified immune cells to treat acute lymphoblastic leukemia in child...

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

New England Journal of Medicine

Study: Chaplains Crucial for Advance Care Planning in Medical Practice

In a study, 80 percent of participants completed an advance directive after meeting with a chaplain as part of a doctor’s appointment

– Rush University Medical Center

JAMA Internal Medicine

Family Impact of Congenital Zika Syndrome Likely to Last a Lifetime

The impact of congenital Zika syndrome on families will be substantial and will last a lifetime, given its severity and uncertainty about long-term outcomes for infants.

– RTI International

Pediatrics, Feb. 2018

On World Cancer Day, National Comprehensive Cancer Network Joins the Call for Equal Access to Reduce Premature Cancer Deaths by 25%

• World Cancer Day 2018 highlights the global equity gap in accessing early detection, treatment, and care services • UICC calls for more equal access to reduce premature cancer and non-communicable disease deaths by 25% by 2025 in line with WHO...

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)

Loyola Medicine, Cook County Train 30 Police Departments on Using Narcan® to Combat Opioid Crisis

More than 1,900 officers from 30 police departments will soon be equipped to administer Narcan® when they encounter someone overdosing from opioids, thanks to a collaboration between Loyola Medicine and the Cook County Department of Homeland Securi...

– Loyola University Health System

Hackensack Meridian Health One of Few Health Networks in Country to Offer Innovative Treatment of Carotid Artery Disease

― Hackensack Meridian Health’s academic medical centers, Hackensack University Medical Center in Hackensack, NJ and Jersey Shore University Medical Center in Neptune, NJ, are just two of only a few hospitals in the country and two of only three ...

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Pre-Clinical Research Aided by Customized Collection Capabilities

Conversant Bio™ has partnered with Streck to provide cancer researchers with customized clinical plasma samples that are research-ready, allowing researchers to focus on their studies and not their sample collection processing and logistics.

– Streck

How We Balance Motherhood and Cardiothoracic Surgery

Just ahead of National Women Physicians Day on February 3, STS celebrates two of its member surgeons, Drs. Mara Antonoff and Leah Backhus, and their story of balancing the tough job of being mothers and their “day jobs” as cardiothoracic surgeons...

– The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

Landmark Firefighter Health Study Leads to Improved Support

The South Australian Metropolitan Fire Service (MFS), in conjunction with the University of Adelaide, has conducted a landmark study into the mental and physical health of its firefighters.

– University of Adelaide

Penn Nursing Professor Named Editor-in-Chief of Research in Nursing & Health

The University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing’s (Penn Nursing) Eileen T. Lake, PhD, RN, FAAN, the Jessie M. Scott Endowed Term Chair in Nursing and Health Policy, Associate Professor of Nursing, Associate Professor of Sociology, and the Associat...

– University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

Sharma named Vice Chair of SWOG Breast Committee

Priyanka Sharma, M.D., a breast cancer medical oncologist at The University of Kansas Cancer Center, has been named vice chair of SWOG’s Breast Committee.

– University of Kansas Cancer Center

Bringing UC San Diego’s Healthy Diet and Natural Medicine Research into the Spotlight

UC San Diego celebrates the launch of the Krupp endowment at the new Centers for Integrative Health, thanks to Richard N. Krupp’s philanthropic legacy, which may be realized at over $30 million in the coming years.

– University of California San Diego

Science News

Oklahoma’s Earthquakes Strongly Linked to Wastewater Injection Depth, Finds Study

A huge increase in the number of man-made earthquakes in Oklahoma, USA, is strongly linked to the depth at which wastewater from the oil and gas industry is injected into the ground, according to a new study involving the University of Southampton.

– University of Southampton

Science, February 2018

Embargo expired on 01-Feb-2018 at 14:00 ET

Scientists Discover ‘Chiral Phonons’ – Atomic Rotations in a 2-D Semiconductor Crystal

A research team has found the first evidence that a shaking motion in the structure of an atomically thin material possesses a naturally occurring circular rotation that could become the building block for a new form of information technology and mol...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Science, Feb. 2, 2018

New Study Will Help Government Agencies Plan for Sustainable Development in Sensitive Areas

A new study by geologists at the University of Arkansas provides a new framework for assessing why and where river deltas branch and will help government agencies plan for sustainable development in environmentally sensitive areas.

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Geophysical Research Letters

New MXene Materials Could Capture Wasted Frictional Energy From Smartphones, and More

Imagine that every time you tapped out a message on your smartphone, it would create electric power instead of sapping your phone’s battery. That scenario could one day be a reality, according to a researcher at Missouri University of Science and T...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology

Nano Energy; Advanced Materials

Story Tips From the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, February 2018

• ORNL research says quantum computers will use much less energy than current supercomputers, a potential cost benefit to equipment manufacturers and data centers • ORNL creates supertough renewable plastic with improved manufacturability. •...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Journal of Building Physics

Study Reveals How the Most Common DNA Mutation Happens

Shape-shifters aren’t just the stuff of fiction, they’re real—and they’re inside our DNA. In the Feb. 1 issue of the journal Nature, researchers describe how two mismatched bases in human DNA change shape in order to avoid the body’s natura...

– Ohio State University


Tracking Microbial Diversity Through the Terrestrial Subsurface

In Nature Microbiology, DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers partnered with a team led by University of California, Berkeley's Jill Banfield and University of Calgary's Cathy Ryan to investigate samples collected at Utah's Crystal Geyser over one o...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Microbiology

Study of Salts in Water Causing Stir

A pair of Argonne scientists uncover fresh insights about the structure of saltwater.

– Argonne National Laboratory

The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Mar-2017

Neurons Get the Beat and Keep It Going in Drumrolls

Some of what researchers believed to be chaotic electrical potentials in neurons are turning out the be surprisingly orderly and rhythmic.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

10421134; Journal of Neuroscience; DA032466-02; 1DP1NS087724; 1R01MH103910; 1R01EY023173; 1R01NS067199; 1R01DA029639; 1U01MH106027; 5R44NS08310803...

Supermassive Black Holes Feast on Stars Faster Than Expected in Some Post-Merger Galaxies

Supermassive black holes in some galaxies may eat orbiting stars at a rate of one per year in the period following a galactic merger.

– University of Colorado Boulder

The Astrophysical Journal

Distant Galaxy Group Contradicts Common Cosmological Models, Simulations

An international team of astronomers has determined that Centaurus A, a massive elliptical galaxy 13 million light-years from Earth, is accompanied by a number of dwarf satellite galaxies orbiting the main body in a narrow disk. In a paper published ...

– University of California, Irvine

Science, Feb-2018

Future of Semiconductor Lasing: Topological Insulator Lasers

Researchers have developed a new, highly efficient coherent and robust semiconductor laser system: the topological insulator laser. The results of the study pave the way towards a novel class of active topological photonic devices that may be integra...

– American Technion Society

Science, Feb 1-2018

Regional Food Sources Key to Healthier Options in Low-Income Areas

For the first time, Cornell researchers have analyzed where Northeast supermarkets source the foods they sell to their low-income customers.

– Cornell University

Enhancing Food Security in the Northeast Through Regional Food Systems

Even Small Changes Within an Ecosystem Can Have Detrimental Effects

A mutualistic relationship between species in an ecosystem allows for the ecosystem to thrive, but the lack of this relationship could lead to the collapse of the entire system. New research from Binghamton University, State University of New York re...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Ecology, Jan-2018

includes video

Male Lekking Bats Shown Cooperating During Mating Season

Researchers studied normally territorial male bats engaging in "timeshare" behavior to woo females – potentially the first example of a cooperative breeding display observed in mammals.

– Boise State University

Journal of Animal Behaviour, Feb-2018

New Tool Makes It Possible to Forecast Spring Start by Groundhog Day

A new forecasting tool attempts to predict onset of spring an entire season in advance. The technology could help managers of natural ecosystems and agriculture anticipate effects of climate change.

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Research Uncovers Gene Network That Regulates Motor Neuron Formation During Embryonic Development

UCLA researchers have discovered the inner workings of a gene network that regulates the development of spinal motor neurons in the growing chicken and mouse embryo. The research also answers a long-standing question about why motor neurons, the nerv...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

PLOS Biology

What Is the Soil Microbiome?

Microbes are in your gut, in your medicine…and in the soil! The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) February 1 Soils Matter blog post explains how the soil microbiome makes a big impact on plants’ productivity and health.

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

New Radiation Detectors Developed at Sandia Used for New START Inspections

Sandia National Laboratories recently designed and produced new radiation detection equipment for New START Treaty monitoring. New START is a treaty between the United States and Russia that, among other limits, reduces the deployed nuclear warheads...

Expert Available

– Sandia National Laboratories

Rescued Raptors a Reminder Household Toxins Still Threaten Beloved Birds

Two local raptors made unexpected recoveries this month following exposure to common and deadly man-made toxins: lead and rodenticide.

Expert Available

– Cornell University

Genetics Society of America Honors Barbara Meyer with 2018 Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal

The Genetics Society of America (GSA) is pleased to announce that Barbara Meyer is the recipient of the 2018 Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal, which is awarded for lifetime achievement in genetics. This honor is given in recognition of her groundbreaking wor...

– Genetics Society of America

Telephone Press Conference: NTP Draft Conclusions for Radiofrequency Radiation Studies in Rats and Mice

The National Toxicology Program (NTP) will hold a telephone press conference to summarize and answer questions about draft reports on the health effects of radiofrequency radiation exposure in rats and mice. The studies used radiofrequency radiation ...

– National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Chad Mirkin to Receive 2018 Nano Research Award

EVANSTON - Northwestern University’s Chad A. Mirkin and Chinese Academy of Sciences Professor Lei Jiang have been named recipients of the prestigious 2018 Nano Research Award.Mirkin is the George B. Rathmann Professor of Chemistry in the Weinberg C...

– Northwestern University

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Culturally-Adapted Intervention May Help Hispanics with Serious Mental Illness

The first study to examine the initial impact of a culturally-adapted health care manager intervention aimed at helping Hispanics with serious mental illness finds the intervention shows potential for improving their health outcomes.“ ‘Bridges to...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Mental Health Services Research

How Did Our Politics Get Us Here? Sociological Research Provides a Good Answer

At the heart of the matter is a legitimate question that deserves to be considered not only for its importance to Trump’s victory, but also as it relates to many other governments worldwide and throughout history. The pressing question is: How can...

– American Sociological Association (ASA)

American Sociological Review

How Does Limited Education Limit Young People?

A recent nationally-representative U.S. Department of Education study found that 28 percent of fall 2009 ninth-graders had not yet enrolled in a trade school or college by February 2016— roughly six-and-a-half years later.

– RTI International

Children with Disabilities in West Africa Experience Violence From the Day They Are Born

Disabled children in West Africa experience significantly greater violence than their non-disabled peers and all experience violence from they day they are born, finds a study published in BMC Public Health by Janet Njelesani, assistant professor of ...

– New York University

BMC Public Health

How Immersive Technology Is Changing the Way CSU Students Learn

Students in education, nursing, astronomy, geology and journalism — to name just a few fields — are using augmented/virtual reality technologies to learn at campuses across the CSU. And, faculty say, they’re loving it.

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

Project Management Lessons From the Launch

Professor Yael Grushka-Cockayne uses the rollout of to demonstrate essential project management principles.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

Handling Disasters Differently Critical For Coastal Cities

The field of urban planning is gaining interest as cities around the world, including nearby Houston, are facing increased exposure to weather-related risks and hazards ranging from sea level rise and flooding to temperature build-up and urban heat i...

– Texas A&M University

Once Homeless, Rutgers Student Becomes a National Science Scholar

Karina Pizzelanti studies medical lab science at Rutgers School of Health Professions

– Rutgers University

Genetics Society of America Honors Steven Farber and Jamie Shuda with 2018 Elizabeth W. Jones Award for Excellence in Education

The Genetics Society of America (GSA) is pleased to announce that Steven Farber and Jamie Shuda are the recipients of the 2018 Elizabeth W. Jones Award for Excellence in Education for their extraordinary contributions to genetics education. Farber is...

– Genetics Society of America

Business News

Affiliation of Cedars-Sinai and Torrance Memorial Becomes Official

The proposed affiliation between Cedars-Sinai and Torrance Memorial—first announced last May—became official today. The affiliation will focus on new opportunities for coordination of care and resources between the two organizations and joint pro...

– Cedars-Sinai

ADHA Welcomes Dental Hygiene Education & Practice Specialist to Their National Office

The American Dental Hygienists’ Association (ADHA) is happy to announce a new addition to its national headquarters, Vicki Pizanis, RDH, MS, EdD, as their Dental Hygiene Education and Practice Specialist. Effective immediately, Pizanis will assume ...

– American Dental Hygienists' Association





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