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Thursday, February 8, 2018

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Medical
(26 New)
Science
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Life
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Business
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Medical News


Blood Test Cuts Time to Diagnosis for Common, Deadly Yeast Infection, National Trial Shows

A new blood test seems to perform as well as, if not better than, traditional blood cultures at detecting a type of fungal yeast infection that commonly strikes hospital patients, according to a national trial.

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Clinical Infectious Diseases

Embargo expired on 08-Feb-2018 at 00:05 ET


Thousands of Lives Would Be Saved If Counties Met ATS Clean Air Standards

Thousands of lives would be saved each year, and many more serious illnesses avoided, if U.S. counties met standards set by the American Thoracic Society for the two most important air pollutants, according to a new report by the ATS and the Marron I...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

Annals of the American Thoracic Society

Embargo expired on 08-Feb-2018 at 00:15 ET


University Women: Gender Parity in Underage Drinking

Binge or heavy episodic drinking (HED) – defined as four or more drinks in a two-hour period – among U.S. university women has increased by 40 percent during the past 30 years. This dramatic development suggests that women are “closing the gend...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 07-Feb-2018 at 10:00 ET


What Happens When Women Stop MS Treatment During Pregnancy?

Two new studies look at the effects of stopping the newer, stronger drug natalizumab for multiple sclerosis (MS) during pregnancy. Natalizumab is generally prescribed for people with MS who have not responded to or cannot tolerate other treatments fo...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Neurology

Embargo expired on 07-Feb-2018 at 16:00 ET


Diet May Influence the Spread of a Deadly Type of Breast Cancer, Study Finds

A single protein building block commonly found in food may hold a key to preventing the spread of an often-deadly type of breast cancer, according to a new multicenter study published today in the medical journal Nature. Investigators found that by l...

– Cedars-Sinai

Nature, Feb. 7, 2018

Embargo expired on 07-Feb-2018 at 13:00 ET


Lights, Camera, Action! New Endomicroscopic Probes Visualize Living Animal Cell Activity

Johns Hopkins researchers report they have developed two new endoscopic probes that significantly sharpen the technology’s imaging resolution and permit direct observation of fine tissue structures and cell activity in small organs in sheep, rats a...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Light: Science & Applications; Nature Communications; R01CA153023, CBET-1430040, R01CA153023,R01HL121788


International Genetic Study Identifies Gene Associated with Crohn’s Disease

International Genetic Study Identifies Gene Associated with Crohn’s Disease

– University of Haifa


Novel Gene Mutations Link High HDL Cholesterol and Apparent Protection From Heart Disease

Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have uncovered genetic mutations that may explain why people with high levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, the “good cholesterol,” have a reduced risk of coronary hear...

– University of Maryland Medical Center/School of Medicine

HL094980, HL61369; Journal of Clinical Lipidology


A Boost for Older Hodgkin Lymphoma Patients

Results of a phase II study presented at the recent American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting shows the best outcomes to date for older Hodgkin lymphoma patients treated with brentuximab vedotin before and after AVD chemotherapy. A presenting au...

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting, 2017


Peptide Improves Glucose and Insulin Sensitivity, Lowers Weight in Mice

Treating obese mice with catestatin (CST), a peptide naturally occurring in the body, showed significant improvement in glucose and insulin tolerance and reduced body weight, report University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers.

– University of California San Diego Health

Diabetes


Recent Study in Oregon Reveals Public Considers Alcohol More Harmful Than Marijuana

A new study, led by researchers at RTI International, surveyed more than 1,900 adults in Oregon prior to the legalization of marijuana in the state and found that more than half (52.5%) consider alcohol to be more harmful than marijuana while few (7....

– RTI International

Preventive Medicine, Feb. 2018


HSS Develops First-Ever Questionnaire to Measure Impact of Brachial Plexus Injury and Assess Surgical Outcomes

Hospital for Special Surgery has developed a patient questionnaire to the measure physical and psychological effects of brachial plexus injury and help manage patients’ treatment expectations.

– Hospital for Special Surgery

Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery


UPMC Researchers Solving Treatment Resistance in Most Common Breast Cancer

For the first time researchers have identified recurrent ESR1 fusion proteins in human breast cancer, to understand how they function and help lead to improved treatments for the disease.

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Annals of Oncology; P30CA047904, UL1-RR024153, UL1-TR000005, SAC150021, 2T32GM008424-21, 5F30CA203095


Cognitive Enhancement Therapy Improves Outcomes for Adults with Autism

New collaborative research signals a potential breakthrough for adults with autism spectrum disorder.

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Autism Research; National Institute of Mental Health


Nutrition Education Intervention Helps Consumers Mitigate the Impact of Advertising, Particularly for Sugar-Sweetened Beverages

It is well established that marketing efforts such as advertising are among the factors that can negatively affect health behaviors. Media literacy education can lessen this impact by developing an individual’s skills to critically evaluate marketi...

– Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior

Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior


​Youth Consider Mobile Health Units a Safe Place for Sexual Health Services

Mobile health units bring important medical services to communities across the country. A new study indicates that mobile health units may provide a new approach for offering sexual health education and services to adolescents.

– University of Chicago Medical Center

10.1111/josh.12598


Turning Up the Heat on Chemotherapy

While cancer treatment advances are being made in precision medicine and immunotherapy, a unique combination of traditional therapies can also provide some patients benefit. A Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey expert shares more about an approa...

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey


American College of Rheumatology Recommends Biosimilar Use in New White Paper

The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) has published a new white paper, “The Science Behind Biosimilars – Entering a New Era of Biologic Therapy." The paper encourages providers to incorporate these drugs into treatment plans of patients with...

– American College of Rheumatology (ACR)


Guide to Practical Medical Decision-Making Offers Jewish Perspective on Ethical and Religious Dilemmas

Every day in hospitals across the country, patients, family members and healthcare professionals confront ethical and religious dilemmas about risky medical procedures, end-of-life care and other weighty issues. Now Rabbi Jason Weiner, BCC, the senio...

– Cedars-Sinai


The Medical Minute: Helping Children Thrive After Cancer

Childhood cancer survivors are at a higher risk of developing physical and emotional difficulties once their treatment is complete. That's why it’s important to connect them with follow-up care and resources.

– Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center


Tennessee Poison Center Celebrates 30th Anniversary

The Tennessee Poison Center (TPC) is celebrating its 30th anniversary this month, following a year in which it received more than 50,000 emergency calls from residents, healthcare professionals, emergency departments and intensive care units.

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center


Henry Ford Hospital Sports Medicine Physician Works Up-Close with U.S. Ski, Snowboard Athletes

When the ski and snowboard competitions get under way at the 2018 Winter Olympic Games in Pyeongchang, South Korea, watching and following with interest will be Christopher Guyer, M.D., a Henry Ford Hospital sports medicine physician and a team physi...

– Henry Ford Health System


U.S. and Canada to Ban Trans Fats This Year; Research on How This Effects Cardiovascular Health

Shauna Downs, Assistant Professor, Rutgers School of Public Health, is available for interviews on how this impending ban will affect cardiovascular health in residents of North America.

Expert Available

– Rutgers University


UAB Research Funding Continues to Increase

UAB ranked 15th nationally among public universities in research expenditures and topped $238 million in NIH funding for FY 2016.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham


Shop Locally to “Go Further with Food” During National Nutrition Month, Says Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

Shopping locally can be a great way to add healthful foods to your diet while conserving natural resources. That’s why the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics encourages everyone to “Go Further with Food” by choosing foods that are healthful to ...

– Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics


Rare NGLY1 Mutation Samples Now Available from Coriell Institute for Medical Research

The Coriell Institute for Medical Research is proud to announce the release of new samples representing N-glycanase deficiency, caused by a mutation on the NGLY 1 gene, also known as Congenital Disorder of Deglycosylation (CDDG). These extraordinaril...

– Coriell Institute for Medical Research

Science News


Hayward Fault Earthquake Simulations Increase Fidelity of Ground Motions

In the next 30 years, there is a one-in-three chance that the Hayward fault will rupture with a 6.7 magnitude or higher earthquake, according to the United States Geologic Survey (USGS). Such an earthquake will cause widespread damage to structures,...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Geophysical Research Letters, Jan. 30 2018


Giant Viruses May Play an Intriguing Role in Evolution of Life on Earth

A virus may have influenced the evolution of multicellular life. University of Iowa biologist Albert Erives found a virus family that has a similar set of genes as eukaryotes, placing giant viruses in the evolutionary journey of most plants, insects,...

– University of Iowa

Epigenetics & Chromatin


Who’s Your Daddy? Good News for Threatened Sea Turtles

A groundbreaking study of sea turtle nests and hatchlings using paternity tests to uncover “who are your daddies?” is the first to document multiple paternity in loggerhead sea turtle nests in southwest Florida. What started out as a study on fem...

– Florida Atlantic University

PLOS One


Challenging Core Belief: Have We Misunderstood How Earth's Solid Center Formed?

A research team at Case Western Reserve is asking an important question about the self-evident paradox standing in the way of our generally accepted theory of how the Earth's inner core formed. The "inner core nucleation paradox" suggests that there ...

– Case Western Reserve University

Earth and Planetary Science Letters


Could an 8 Million-Year-Old Gene Help the Citrus Industry? UF Researchers Think So

After 100 years of assertions about the roots of citrus, a global group of scientists – including a University of Florida professor – has traced the evolutionary history of Florida’s signature crop up to 8 million years ago in the Himalayas of ...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Nature


Fruit Bat's Echolocation May Work Like Sophisticated Surveillance Sonar

High-speed recordings of Egyptian fruit bats in flight show that instead of using a primitive form of echolocation, these animals actually use a technique recently developed by humans for surveillance and navigation.

– University of Washington

PLOS Biology

includes video


Charter Schools Are Driving Segregation In Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools

Charter Schools in Charlotte and Mecklenburg County are directly and indirectly undermining school district efforts to desegregate public schools, according to a new study released by the Civil Rights Project/Proyecto Derechos Civiles at UCLA with re...

– University of North Carolina at Charlotte


Devoted Frog Fathers Guard Their Eggs From Predators

A study led by PhD candidate Mr K. S. Seshadri from the Department of Biological Sciences at the National University of Singapore’s Faculty of Science has revealed that male white-spotted bush frogs (Raochestes chalazodes) dedicatedly guard their f...

– National University of Singapore

Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology January 2018, 72:4


How Do Scientists Do Traditional Plant Breeding?

The science of plant breeding has only existed for a little more than a century. But, humans have unofficially been selecting for the ‘cream of the crop’ for over 10,000 years. The February 7th Sustainable, Secure Food blog post explains how crop...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Fermilab’s Muon g-2 experiment officially starts up

The Muon g-2 experiment at Fermilab, which has been six years in the making, is officially up and running after reaching its final construction milestone.

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)


How Does Your Brain Code Pizza?

The International Society of Neurogastronomy Symposium will feature experts in basic science, food science, clinical science and culinary arts discussing brain and behavior in the context of food.

– University of Kentucky

DC016831


Live Webcast to Explore How to Decipher Quantum Mysteries

Join physicist Robert Spekkens for a live webcast Feb. 7 as he draws unexpected parallels between Egyptian hieroglyphs, Plato’s philosophy, and the puzzles of quantum theory.

Expert Available

– Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics


David Asner Named Deputy Associate Laboratory Director and Head of the Instrumentation Division in Brookhaven Lab's Nuclear and Particle Physics Directorate

A particle physicist with extensive leadership and management experience, Asner will help expand a portfolio of physics programs and oversee instrumentation research and development.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


There’s More to Sports Than Olympic Gold: Just Ask a Florida 4-H Member

The thrill of victory, and the agony of defeat. As we watch the Winter Olympics on TV this month, we get a daily reminder of the human drama of athletic competition. But there’s another side of sports that the University of Florida Institute of Fo...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


UF Dietitian: Olympics Can Inspire US to Eat Better

Before you achieve complete couch-potato status this Winter Olympics, take a cue from the dietary habits of the athletes you see onscreen, says a dietitian with the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


Gates, Chan Zuckerberg-Backed Fund Invests in UVA Darden Student’s Nonprofit Education Startup

A December investment of more than $100,000 from NewSchools Venture Fund — an organization funded by nonprofit heavy hitters such as The Walton Family Foundation, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative donor-advise...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Saint Louis University Announces Record Fundraising Total

President Fred P. Pestello, Ph.D., announced today that SLU received $56.7 million in gifts from July through December 2017, the most money the University has ever raised in the first six months of a fiscal year.

– Saint Louis University


University of Redlands School of Business Awarded Accreditation for Its Programs

The University of Redlands, a premier private liberal arts and professional university in Southern California today announced the recognition of its graduate and undergraduate business programs by the Accreditation Council for Business Schools and Pr...

– University of Redlands


AACN Announces Election Results for Board of Directors and Nominating Committee

The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) is pleased to announce the results of its 2018 election to fill seats on the AACN Board of Directors and Nominating Committee.

– American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN)


American University President Leads a Conversation on Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion with Government, Academic Leaders

American University President Leads a Conversation on Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion with Government, Academic Leaders

– American University


Saint Joseph's University and Villanova University Fitzpatrick College of Nursing Sign Affiliate Agreement

Saint Joseph's University is pleased to announce that it has signed an articulation agreement with Villanova University's M. Louise Fitzpatrick College of Nursing that will provide priority admissions consideration for SJU students in Villanova's BSN...

– Saint Joseph's University

Business News


Marriott, Walmart Executives Tapped to Speak at UVA Darden Leadership Speaker Series

The University of Virginia Darden School of Business will welcome business leaders from the worlds of hospitality and e-commerce as part of the spring Leadership Speaker Series (LSS).

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

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