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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Friday, February 9, 2018

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Medical News

Placebo Pills Prescribed Honestly Help Cancer Survivors Manage Symptoms

Fatigue in cancer survivors is significantly reduced by placebo pill, even when it is known it is a fake pill.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Nature Scientific Reports, Feb-2018

Embargo expired on 09-Feb-2018 at 05:00 ET

Direct Link Between Glands and Implanting Embryos Critical to Pregnancy

Researchers used 3D imaging with molecular testing to uncover new insight into the earliest stages of mammalian pregnancy—offering clues to unsolved questions in pregnancy. Investigators report Feb. 9 in Nature Communications they demonstrated in m...

– Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Nature Communications, Feb-2018

Embargo expired on 09-Feb-2018 at 05:00 ET

Special UV Light Safely Kills Airborne Flu Virus, Finds Study

Overhead far-UVC light, a type of ultraviolet light that is harmless to humans, effectively killed airborne flu virus, found researchers at Columbia University. The lighting may offer a new weapon against the spread of flu virus in public spaces.

– Columbia University Medical Center

Scientific Reports, February 9, 2018

Embargo expired on 09-Feb-2018 at 05:00 ET

Blood Sodium Levels May Affect Cognition in Older Adults

• In generally healthy older men, slightly lower sodium levels in the blood were related to both cognitive impairment and declines in cognitive function over time. • Additional studies are needed to determine whether correction of lower serum so...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

Embargo expired on 08-Feb-2018 at 17:00 ET

Search for Genetically Stable Bioengineered Gut and Liver Tissue Advances

Before medical science can bioengineer human organs in a lab for therapeutic use, two remaining hurdles are ensuring genetic stability—so the organs are free from the risk of tumor growth—and producing organ tissues of sufficient volume and size ...

– Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Stem Cell Reports, Feb-2018

Embargo expired on 08-Feb-2018 at 12:00 ET

Enzyme Plays a Key Role in Calories Burned Both During Obesity and Dieting

Ever wonder why obese bodies burn less calories or why dieting often leads to a plateau in weight loss? In both cases the body is trying to defend its weight by regulating energy expenditure. In a paper publishing in <i>Cell</i> on February 8, Univer...

– University of California San Diego Health


Embargo expired on 08-Feb-2018 at 12:00 ET

Workplace Stress Can Take a Toll on Your Brain Surgeon, Too

A new study by the Keck School of Medicine of USC finds that two-thirds of neurosurgeons experience burnout during training, and stressors at work are partly to blame.

– Keck Medicine of USC

Journal of Neurosurgery

Physical Inactivity Linked to Higher Risk of Lung, Head/Neck Cancers, Roswell Park shows

Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center-led research teams have identified a direct association between physical inactivity and two different types of cancer: lung cancer and head/neck cancer — adding to a growing list of cancers linked to sedenta...

– Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center

Cancer Treatment and Research Communications; European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology; P30CA16056; T32CA108456

New Tool Helps Physicians Estimate Survival for Patients with Cancers That Have Spread to Bone

A simple three-factor tool can help doctors estimate survival time in patients with long bone metastases (LBMs)—advanced cancer that has spread to the bones of the limbs, reports a study in the February 7, 2018, issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery

Research Presents New Information About Flint Water Crisis

Based on a detailed statistical analysis of multiple datasets, the Flint Area Community Health and Environment Partnership (FACHEP) research team found that the majority of Legionnaires’ disease cases that occurred during the 2014-15 outbreak in Ge...

– Wayne State University Division of Research

Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS)

Scientists Take Big Step Toward Stopping Cancer Metastasis

TSRI scientists identify molecule that fuels cancer metastasis.

– Scripps Research Institute

Oncogene, Jan. 2018; R01CA157792; R01CA105412; R01CA034282

Study Led By Virginia Mason Physician Links Fruit Juice Consumption With Weight Gain

A new study that analyzed data from more than 49,000 women concludes that drinking 100 percent fruit juice leads to weight gain, while consumption of fresh whole fruit results in weight loss.

– Virginia Mason Medical Center

Preventive Medicine

Hearing Loss Linked to Poor Nutrition in Early Childhood, Study Finds

Young adults who were undernourished as preschool children were approximately twice as likely to suffer from hearing loss as their better-nourished peers, a new study suggests.

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Artificial Kidney Development Advances, Thanks to Collaboration by NIBIB Quantum Grantees

Creating an artificial implantable kidney would be an epic advance in medicine and could address a chronic shortage of donor kidneys needed for transplant. Researchers who have been at this quest for the past 15 years face the challenge of how to kee...

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Journal of Biomechanics; EB014315; EB012487; EB021214

Cleveland Clinic Researchers Uncover How Cancer Stem Cells Drive Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Cleveland Clinic researchers have published findings in Nature Communications on a new stem cell pathway that allows a highly aggressive form of breast cancer - triple-negative breast cancer - to thrive.

– Cleveland Clinic

Nature Communications; R21 CA191263

Snacking Snakes Act as ‘Ecosystem Engineers’ in Seed Dispersal

Despite the bad rap snakes often get, they are more central to ecology than most people realize. New research reveals that snakes might even play a key role in dispersing plant seeds.

– Cornell University

Proceedings of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences, Feb. 2018

Gene Therapy Researchers Find a Viral Barcode to Cross the Blood-Brain Barrier

UNC School of Medicine researchers discovered a structure on viruses that makes them better at crossing from the bloodstream into the brain – a key factor for administering gene therapies at lower doses for treating brain and spinal disorders. Expe...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Molecular Therapy

UTHealth Leads ACSM Paper on Safety Recommendations for Energy Drinks

Helpful guidance and warnings regarding the potential dangers that energy drinks present to at-risk populations, primarily children, were published in a paper led by a cardiologist at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth...

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Current Sports Medicine Reports

State Lawmakers Learn About MTSU Botanical Medicine Center’s Hemp Research

House Speaker Beth Harwell led a delegation of Tennessee legislators to campus Monday, Feb. 5, to learn more about Middle Tennessee State University’s Tennessee Center for Botanical Medicine Research and its ongoing studies with nonpsychotropic can...

– Middle Tennessee State University

includes video

Three-Year-Old Boy Receives the Gift of Life at Hackensack University Medical Center

At three-years-old, Kyle Lugo is one of the youngest patients to undergo a kidney transplant at Hackensack Meridian Health Hackensack University Medical Center. Kyle’s kidney transplant was performed on Christmas Eve.

– Hackensack Meridian Health

UAB Partnership Further Enhancing Recovery After Surgery

UAB's Enhanced Recovery After Surgery pathway uses technology to improve patient recovery from major surgery.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

ASTRO Applauds Congressional Leaders for Extending the Radiation Oncology Payment Freeze

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) today applauded congressional leaders for the passage of legislation to freeze payment rates for key radiation oncology services delivered in freestanding clinics.

– American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)

Endocrine Society Applauds Special Diabetes Program Renewal

The Endocrine Society praised Congress’ decision to include the Special Diabetes Program and increased funding for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in a Continuing Resolution (CR) to fund the federal government that passed Thursday.

– Endocrine Society

ACSM Announces New Recommendations and Warnings Regarding Safety of Energy Drinks

Excessive caffeine consumption is dangerous for many, from children to Olympic athletes

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

Current Sports Medicine Reports

Warner Selected as EVP to Lead UT Southwestern Health System

Following a national search, renowned cardiologist Dr. John J. Warner, CEO of UT Southwestern’s University Hospitals, has been appointed to lead UT Southwestern’s patient care enterprise for the Medical Center.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Penn Immunologist Awarded SU2C Funding to Lead Team-Based Investigation of Gynecologic Cancer Therapies

E. John Wherry, PhD, a cancer and immunology researcher at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and one of the most highly cited investigators in his field, has been awarded a “Convergence 2.0” research grant by Stand...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Science News

Drivers of Hate in the U.S. Have Distinct Regional Differences, U Study Finds

Ugeographers sought to understand the factors fueling hate across space. Their findings paint a rather grim reality of America; hate is a national phenomenon, and more complicated than they imagined. The researchers mapped the patterns of active hate...

– University of Utah

Annals of the American Association of Geographers, Feb-2018

Embargo expired on 09-Feb-2018 at 02:00 ET

First 3-D Imaging of Excited Quantum Dots

Quantum dots are rapidly taking center stage in emerging applications and research developments, but researchers are still studying how to precisely control the growth of these nanoscale particles and their underlying quantum behavior. For instance, ...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

The Journal of Chemical Physics

Embargo expired on 08-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET

When It Comes to Genes, Lichens Embrace Sharing Economy

University of Colorado Boulder researchers have discovered the first known molecular evidence of obligate symbiosis in lichens, a distinctive co-evolutionary relationship that could shed new light on how and why some multicellular organisms consolida...

– University of Colorado Boulder

Molecular Ecology

Embargo expired on 08-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET

‘Optically Pumped’ Laser Closer to Improving Processing Speed of Sensors

A multi-institutional team of researchers, led by University of Arkansas engineering professor Shui-Qing “Fisher” Yu and a leading Arkansas semiconductor equipment manufacturer, have made significant improvements to a new kind of laser, a semicon...

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

ACS Photonics

Nature, Meet Nurture

Is it nature or nurture that ultimately shapes an organism? A new study reveals a dramatic landscape of gene expression changes across all cell types in the mouse visual cortex after a sensory experience, many linked to neural connectivity and the br...

– Harvard Medical School

Nature Neuroscience

UNH Researchers Find Warmer Oceans Could Increase Invasive ‘Sea Squirts’

They’re lovingly called ‘sea squirts’, but certain marine soft-bodied animals, or tunicates, could cause a giant-sized problem in cold water areas like the Gulf of Maine. New research shows that with a water temperature increase of just two deg...

– University of New Hampshire

Diversity and Distributions, Sept 2017

UNH Researchers Find Beetles Make Way For Baby Similar To Humans

Before having a baby, most human parents determine if they are able to feed them, give them a good home and provide them with the best chance to grow up. Researchers have found a similar behavior pattern in the beetle world - specifically with buryin...

– University of New Hampshire

Journal of Ethology, January 2018

GM Revs up Diesel Combustion Modeling on Titan Supercomputer

Grover and GM colleagues Jian Gao, Venkatesh Gopalakrishnan, and Ramachandra Diwakar are using the Titan supercomputer at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility to improve combustion models for diesel passenger car engines with an ultimate goal ...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Proceedings of the ASME 2017 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference, No. 2

Particle Interactions Calculated on Titan Support the Search for New Physics Discoveries

Nuclear physicists are using the nation’s most powerful supercomputer, Titan, at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) to study particle interactions important to energy production in the Sun and stars and to propel the search for new ...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Physical Review Letters

Savanna Fires Pump Central African Forests Full of Nitrogen

Florida State University researchers are part of a global team of scientists revealing the unexpected role that large-scale fires and high nitrogen deposition play in the ecology and biogeochemistry of these lush Central African forests.

– Florida State University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Jan-2018

Simple Rules Can Help Fishery Managers Cope with Ecological Complexity

A team of ecologists and economists is the first to test whether real-life ecological interactions produce economic benefits for the fishing industry. The results were published online Jan. 29 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

– University of Washington

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Jan-2018

Surprise Finding Points to DNA’s Role in Shaping Cells

Scientists have found that DNA executes an unexpected architectural role in shaping the cells of bacteria. Studying bacteria, the researchers used an array of experiments and technologies to reveal that DNA, beyond serving to encode genetic informati...

– University of California San Diego

Cell, Feb-2018

includes video

Researchers Run First Tests of Unique System for Welding Highly Irradiated Metal Alloys

Scientists of the Department of Energy’s Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program (LWRS) and partners from the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) have conducted the first weld tests to repair highly irradiated materials at DOE’s Oak Ridge...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

includes video

Underwater Seminar To Be Held Under the Water

Professor Gordon Giesbrecht is well known for his unique approach to cold water research. So well known, in fact, that he is less referred-to by his real name than his nickname, Professor Popsicle.

– University of Manitoba

Binghamton University Professor Elected to National Academy of Engineers

M. Stanley Whittingham, distinguished professor of chemistry and materials science at Binghamton University, State University of New York, has been elected to the National Academy of Engineering for pioneering the application of intercalation chemis...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

David Seidman elected to the National Academy of Engineering

Northwestern University’s David N. Seidman, whose work has led to an improved understanding of materials on the atomic scale, has been elected to the National Academy of Engineering (NAE).Election to the academy is among the highest professional di...

– Northwestern University

New MSU Study Evaluates Wetland Restoration Efforts Along Gulf of Mexico

A new Mississippi State research project will study a wetland restoration approach along the Gulf of Mexico, and findings will help improve future environmental restoration efforts.

– Mississippi State University

NAS 2000008944

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Chimpanzee Self-Control Is Related to Intelligence, Georgia State Study Finds

As is true in humans, chimpanzees' general intelligence is correlated to their ability to exert self-control and delay gratification, according to new research at Georgia State University.

– Georgia State University

Current Biology; HD-060563 ; NS-42867

Embargo expired on 08-Feb-2018 at 12:00 ET

Health Departments Must Plan for Changing Workforce, Study Finds

State health departments are lagging in planning for the replacement of retiring employees, according to a survey from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis.Roughly 85 percent reported they have no plan.“The diminishing ratio of pu...

– Washington University in St. Louis

American Journal of Preventive Medicine

This Valentine's Day: Don’t love your SO to the Moon and back

Rowan U physics instructor takes a fun look at the phrase "love you to the Moon and back" in time for Valentine's Day.

– Rowan University

Buffalo Architect Manipulates Metal and Light to Create a Curious Cube

Christopher Romano embarked upon a two-year journey through the manipulation of light and metal as design materials. The result is a signature architectural structure nestled in the shadows of three iconic buildings on Buffalo’s historic East Side....

– University at Buffalo

UC’s National Center for Free Speech and Civic Engagement selects inaugural class of fellows, expands board

The University of California’s National Center for Free Speech and Civic Engagement today announced its inaugural class of 10 fellows, charged with helping educational institutions and communities better understand, guarantee and facilitate free sp...

– University of California, Irvine

UVA Announces New Master of Science in Business Analytics

Through a first-of-its-kind partnership between its renowned business schools, the University of Virginia will begin offering a new master of science in business analytics (MSBA) degree in late summer 2018, pending approval from the State Council of ...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

Adriana Brodsky Awarded Fulbright Senior Scholar Fellowship to Conduct Research in Israel

Adriana M. Brodsky, associate professor of history at St. Mary’s College of Maryland, was recently awarded a Fulbright Senior Scholar Fellowship to conduct research for four months at Tel Aviv University in Israel during the next academic year. ...

– St. Mary's College of Maryland

Washington Post Columnist Kathleen Parker to Guest Lecture at St. Mary’s College

St. Mary’s College of Maryland welcomes Washington Post columnist Kathleen Parker for the lecture, “Can’t Stand Election Suspense? Why Wait?”

– St. Mary's College of Maryland

Business News

Using Big Data: 3 Reasons It Fails and 4 Ways to Make It Work

Darden Professors Raj Venkatesan and Kim Whitler’s research shows what goes wrong when companies try to use big data and how to better make analytics work. Venkatesan presented these insights at the Leadership in the Face of New Technology conferen...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

DHS S&T Awards $5.6M to Improve Cybersecurity Research

DHS S&T awarded a total of $5,643,466 across seven organizations to develop new tools to arm researchers with the latest insight and an increased collection of cybersecurity incident data to understand and counter cyberattacks.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate





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