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Thursday, February 15, 2018

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Medical
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Medical News


Rest Is the Best Medicine

Concussion is a common diagnosis in sports medicine. Many providers use medication to target the residual symptoms of a concussion, although there are currently no medications that have been approved by the Federal Drug Administration for the treatme...

– Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP)

Association of Academic Physiatrists’ Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 15-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Ballet Builds Functional Improvements in Children with Musculoskeletal and Neurologic Conditions

While great strides have been made in adaptive sports, few opportunities exist in the arts for the disabled population. This study evaluated the impact of an adaptive ballet dance program on children with physical impairments. The study shows that an...

– Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP)

Physiatrists Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 15-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


What’s Holding You Back?

Individuals with disabilities face barriers to physical activity, recreation, and sport. The goal of this study was to determine whether the perception of these barriers differs among those with and without a disability. Second, it aims to determine ...

– Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP)

Physiatrists Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 15-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Clues to Predict Injury Recovery

This study investigates the influence of dopamine pathway (DA) genes on self-reported quality of life (QOL) after moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).

– Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP)

Physiatrists Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 15-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Putting the Brain to Work

Individuals with tetraplegia prioritize development of technology to restore lost upper limb strength and dexterity as a means to improve quality of life. This study aims to demonstrate a wearable functional electrical stimulation (FES) orthotic prov...

– Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP)

Physiatrists Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 15-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Concussion Recovery in Children is Not One-Size-Fits-All

Concussion is common among children. Prior studies report differing variables associated with recovery time from concussion. The purpose of this study is to identify predictors associated with time to clearance for return to play (RTP) in younger ver...

– Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP)

Physiatrists Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 15-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Simulated Horseback Riding Helpful in Treating Children with Cerebral Palsy

This study aims to develop a mechanical horseback riding simulator for the rehabilitation of children with neurological and musculoskeletal disabilities, focused on improving trunk control in this population.

– Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP)

Physiatrists Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 15-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Pain Relief Now, More Pain Later?

In the setting of acute traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI), opioid administration is standard care for pain management. However, animal models of SCI have shown that opioid use in the early phase of SCI is deleterious to future quality of life (QOL),...

– Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP)

Physiatrists Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 15-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Are Physicians Being Adequately Trained to Treat People with Disabilities?

Caring for patients with physical disabilities, particularly spinal cord injury (SCI), is not routinely part of the medical school curriculum. However, 17 percent of Americans are physically disabled, and there are nearly 17,000 new cases of SCI in A...

– Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP)

Physiatrists Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 15-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Can Learning Stress-Reducing Techniques Help Reduce Seizures?

Learning techniques to help manage stress may help people with epilepsy reduce how often they have seizures, according to a study published in the February 14, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurolog...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Neurology

Embargo expired on 14-Feb-2018 at 16:00 ET


Leading Cancer Organizations Provide Guidance on Understanding and Managing Immunotherapy Side Effects

New guidelines developed collaboratively by the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) offer clinicians much needed recommendations for assessment and management of side effects related t...

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)

Embargo expired on 14-Feb-2018 at 10:00 ET

includes video


Asthma Medication Linked to Infertility in Women

Women with asthma who only use short-acting asthma relievers take longer to become pregnant than other women, according to international research led by the University of Adelaide.

– University of Adelaide

European Respiratory Journal


University of Pennsylvania Researchers Conduct Comprehensive Evaluation of Patients with Concussion-Like Symptoms Following Reports of Audible Phenomena in Cuba

A comprehensive evaluation by clinical researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania identified a neurological syndrome that left U.S. government personnel serving in Havana, Cuba with persistent memory and thinking...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

JAMA


Simulated Virtual Patients Improve Students’ Learning Experience

Medical students in India are using computer-simulated virtual patients (SVPs) as a learning tool for clinical skills and are becoming more enthusiastic about their studies. SVPs allow students to interact with and perform procedures on pretend patie...

– American Physiological Society (APS)

Advances in Physiology Education


Study Finds That a Surprise Stimulus Helps People Stop an Action

A new study from the University of Iowa finds that an unexpected sound causes people to stop an action more often than when they heard no sound at all. The finding could lead to new treatments for patients with motor-control disorders, such as Parkin...

– University of Iowa

Journal of Neuroscience


Race, Insurance Status Linked to Job Loss After Breast Cancer

Job loss following early-stage breast cancer diagnosis is associated with race and insurance status, but not with any clinical or treatment-related factors, finds a new study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis.Not only were a...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Cancer Feb. 13, 2018


Living Human Tracheas

Biomedical engineers at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, and Worcester Polytechnic Institute in Worcester, Mass. are growing tracheas by coaxing cells to form three distinct tissue types after assembling them into a tube structure-...

– Case Western Reserve University

Advanced Science


OCD Treatment Could Someday Start with a Brain Scan

UCLA researchers have developed a way to use brain scans and machine learning — a form of artificial intelligence — to predict whether people with OCD will benefit from cognitive behavior therapy. The technique could help improve the overall succ...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Cutting Off Cervical Cancer’s Fuel Supply Stymies Tumors

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that cervical tumors that don’t respond to radiation may be vulnerable to therapies that also attack the cancer’s fuel supply.

– Washington University in St. Louis

Cancer Research


Poor Fitness Linked to Weaker Brain Fiber, Higher Dementia Risk

Scientists have more evidence that exercise improves brain health and could be a lifesaving ingredient that prevents Alzheimer’s disease.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease


Orthodontic Surgery via Enzymatic Blade: No Incision Necessary

Researchers at the Technion have developed a method that could reduce the pain and cost associated with orthodontic work, while shortening the time needed to wear braces to about six months.

– American Technion Society

ACS Nano


Scientists Find Key Proteins Control Risk of Osteoarthritis During Aging

A study from scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) explains why the risk of osteoarthritis increases as we age and offers a potential avenue for developing new therapies to maintain healthy joints.

– Scripps Research Institute

Science Translational Medicine, Feb. 14; AG007996; AR049617; AR505631


A New Class of Drug to Treat Herpes Simplex Virus Infection

For patients with the herpes simplex-1 virus (HSV-1), there are just a handful of drugs available to treat the painful condition that can affect the eyes, mouth and genitals.If patients develop resistance to these drugs, there are even fewer choices ...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Science Translational Medicine


Special Supplement to American Journal of Public Health Focuses on High Risk Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention

A special supplement to the American Journal of Public Health explores updated perspectives and new research on high risk adolescent pregnancy prevention.

– American Public Health Association (APHA)


New Stem-Cell Based Stroke Treatment Repairs Damaged Brain Tissue

A team of researchers at the University of Georgia's Regenerative Bioscience Center and ArunA Biomedical, a UGA startup company, have developed a new treatment for stroke that reduces brain damage and accelerates the brain's natural healing tendencie...

– University of Georgia

Translational Stroke Research


Catching up to brain cancer

University of Delaware researchers have produced a new and freely available computer program that predicts cancer cell motion and spread with high accuracy. The system gives researchers a faster way of examining rapidly spreading brain cancer tumors ...

– University of Delaware

BMC Systems Biology

includes video


Rooming-in Program Launched at Intermountain Medical Center to Enhance Bonding Between Moms and Babies

Mothers and babies belong together — which is why Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City has launched a rooming-in program to support early bonding between mothers and newborns.

– Intermountain Medical Center


Queen’s University Announces Novel Drug Delivery System with Potential to Reduce Rates of HIV

Queen’s University Belfast is playing a central role in an international consortium that has announced the development of a patch delivery system which will lower the chances of infection for those at very high risk of HIV.

– Queen's University Belfast


Cancer Researcher's Life Saved by CAR-T Treatment

Dr. Woodring Wright, a UT Southwestern Professor of Cell Biology who studies the end caps of chromosomal DNA, called telomeres, hoping to find ways to fight aging and cancer, had multiple myeloma.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

includes video


CAR-T Clinical Trial Enrolling Multiple Myeloma Patients

UT Southwestern Medical Center is one of nine exclusive sites in the country enrolling multiple myeloma patients for a clinical trial of the CAR-T “living drug” therapy for cancer.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center


The Medical Minute: Proper Training Could Prevent Common Winter Sports Injuries

When you strap on skis or lace up skates, it’s important to remember that you have not trained like an Olympian, and that an ounce of prevention can help avoid the pain of injuries later.

– Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center


There’s an App for That

UC Davis pathologist Hooman Rashidi is an expert in blood disorders but also a computer programmer. He has married the two disciplines and created must-have learning tools for medical students and residents. His latest is HemeQuiz1, a medical student...

– UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center


AANA Responds to President Trump’s Proposed FY2019 Budget

In response to the release of President Donald Trump’s proposed Fiscal Year 2019 budget, the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) has grave concerns about its potential far-reaching impact on the nation’s nursing workforce.

– American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA)


House Introduces Bill to Expand Chiropractic Access to Military Retirees, Families

A bill introduced last week in the House of Representatives and supported by the American Chiropractic Association (ACA) would expand access to chiropractic services to military retirees, dependents and survivors through the Department of Defense TRI...

– American Chiropractic Association


Tufts Names New Director of the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging

Tufts University today named Sarah Booth, Ph.D., the new director of the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Center for Research on Aging (HNRCA) at Tufts.

– Tufts University


Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Celebrates the Experts: Registered Dietitian Nutritionist Day is March 14

March is National Nutrition Month®, when the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics reminds everyone to return to the basics of healthful eating. March is also when the Academy celebrates Registered Dietitian Nutritionist Day, honoring the contributions...

– Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics


U.S. News & World Report Recognizes Six Hackensack Meridian Health Nursing and Rehabilitation Facilities with Top Rating

Hackensack Meridian Health's Nursing and Rehabilitation Facilities are highly ranked and an integral part of the network's continuum of high quality patient-centered care.

– Hackensack Meridian Health


Researchers in the GW Department of Dermatology to Lecture and Present Posters at the 2018 American Academy of Dermatology Annual Meeting

Clinicians and researchers from the Department of Dermatology at the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences will present poster at the American Academy of Dermatology Annual Meeting starting Feb. 16.

– George Washington University

2018 American Academy of Dermatology Annual Meeting, Feb. 16–20


American College of Rheumatology Awarded Grant to Focus on Projects That Curb Health Disparities

The American College of Rheumatology was awarded a grant from the American Society of Association Executives to develop a new program, Uniting Collaborators for Innovation (UCOIN), that focuses on creating member-led initiatives that diminish racial ...

– American College of Rheumatology (ACR)


Harbor Freight Tools Owner and His Foundation Give $50M to Create Smidt Heart Institute

Cedars-Sinai announced today a $50 million gift from Eric and Susan Smidt and The Smidt Foundation to create the Smidt Heart Institute. The gift will advance vital research and innovative practices across the fields of cardiology and cardiovascular s...

– Cedars-Sinai

Science News


Maximizing the Environmental Benefits of Autonomous Vehicles

The added weight, electricity demand and aerodynamic drag of the sensors and computers used in autonomous vehicles are significant contributors to their lifetime energy use and greenhouse gas emissions, according to a new study.

– University of Michigan

Environmental Science & Technology

Embargo expired on 15-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Birds and Primates Share Brain Cell Types Linked to Intelligence

In a new study, published this week in the journal Current Biology, scientists from UChicago show that some neurons in bird brains form the same kind of circuitry and have the same molecular signature as cells that enable connectivity between differe...

– University of Chicago Medical Center

Current Biology

Embargo expired on 15-Feb-2018 at 00:00 ET


Can Social Media Data Be Used to Predict Threats or Identify Fake News?

Conrad Tucker, associate professor of engineering design and industrial engineering, has received funding from the U.S. Air Force to investigate whether crowd-sourced data from social media can be used to not only detect threats, but also prevent cat...

– Penn State College of Engineering

Embargo expired on 15-Feb-2018 at 06:00 ET


Don’t Blame Hurricanes for Most Big Storm Surges in Northeast

Hurricanes spawn most of the largest storm surges in the northeastern U.S., right? Wrong, according to a study by Rutgers University–New Brunswick scientists. Extratropical cyclones , including nor’easters and other non-tropical storms, generat...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology; Rutgers Today


Fingerprints of Quantum Entanglement

Quantum entanglement is a key feature of a quantum computer. Yet, how can we verify that a quantum computer indeed incorporates a large-scale entanglement? Using conventional methods is hard since they require a large number of repeated measurements....

– University of Vienna

npj Quantum Information


How Bacteria Produce Manganese Oxide Nanoparticles

Multiple techniques to characterize an enzyme complex shed light on how bacteria create particles and contribute to global cycles.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Communications 8, 746 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-00896-8]


Engineers Develop Smart Material That Changes Stiffness When Twisted or Bent

Iowa State's Martin Thuo and Michael Bartlett led development of a rubbery material that transforms itself into a hard composite when bent or twisted. The new material could be used in medicine to support delicate tissues or in industry to protect va...

– Iowa State University

Materials Horizons, 2018 Advance Article


Genetic Limits Threaten Chickpeas, a Globally Critical Food

Scientists have discovered an extreme lack of genetic diversity and other threats to the future adaptability of domestic chickpeas, the primary source of protein of 20 percent of the world's people. But they also collected wild relatives of chickpeas...

– University of Vermont

Nature Communcations, Feb. 13, 2108


Clean Plates Much More Common When We Eat at Home

When people eat at home, there’s typically not much left on their plates – and that means there’s likely less going to landfills, according to new research from The Ohio State University.

– Ohio State University

PLOS ONE


UCI Oceanographers Solve Mystery of Phytoplankton Survival in Nutrient-Poor Pacific

Upwelling in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean provides essential nutrients for the region’s microscopic plants, but iron – a key ingredient that facilitates nitrogen consumption – is in short supply. To compensate, the phytoplankton band to...

– University of California, Irvine

Nature Communications, Feb-18


Researchers Discover Novel Exciton Interactions in Carbon Nanotubes

Nanotechnology researchers studying small bundles of carbon nanotubes have discovered an optical signature showing excitons bound to a single nanotube are accompanied by excitons tunneling across closely interacting nanotubes.

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

Nature Communications


Physics Data Processing on NERSC Supercomputer Dramatically Cuts Reconstruction Time

In a recent demonstration project, physicists from Brookhaven National Laboratory and Berkeley Lab used the Cori supercomputer at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center to reconstruct data collected from a nuclear physics experiment...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Journal of Physics


How Does Biochar Work to Improve, or Even Decontaminate, Soil?

What can be made with unwanted materials, looks like charcoal, and provides multiple benefits to soil health? Biochar! The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) February 15 Soils Matter blog explains what biochar is and how it helps improve—or dec...

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Particulate Filter Research May Enable More Fuel-Efficient Vehicles

A team of researchers from ORNL’s Energy and Transportation Science Division is using neutron imaging to study particulate filters that collect harmful emissions in vehicles. A better understanding of how heat treatments and oxidation methods can r...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


OU Researcher Uses Geometry for Affairs of the Heart

An OU researcher's recent work is focused on a predictive surgery for a serious heart condition called Functional Tricuspid Regurgitation, which affects approximately 1.6 million Americans. The team uses to clinical image data, such as functional mag...

Expert Available

– University of Oklahoma, Gallogly College of Engineering


FAU Brain Institute Awarded $780,000 from Stiles-Nicholson Foundation to Launch ASCEND Program

To address the national shortage in STEM (science-technology-engineering and math) career-oriented students, the FAU Brain Institute has received a $780,000 grant from the Stiles-Nicholson Foundation to launch an innovative program targeted at middle...

– Florida Atlantic University


The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society Names 2018 Class of Fellows

The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS) has announced the names of its 2018 Class of Fellows. The Class of Fellow is TMS’s highest honor.

– TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society)


The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society Announces 2018 Society Award Recipients

The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS) has announced the recipients of its 2018 Society Awards. The honorees will receive their accolades during the TMS–AIME Awards Ceremony which will take place on Wednesday, March 14, 2018 at the TMS 201...

– TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society)

TMS 2018 Annual Meeting & Exhibition (TMS2018)


Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, OHSU Create Joint Research Co-Laboratory to Advance Precision Medicine

News Release PORTLAND, Ore. — Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and OHSU today announced a joint collaboration to improve patient care by focusing research on highly complex sets of biomedical data, and the tools to interpret them.The OHSU-PNNL...

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


New Study at the University of Haifa: Our Handwriting Reveals Our Mood

Using a unique computerized system to locate minute changes in handwriting, researchers at the University of Haifa managed to identify differences between people in various moods. The goal: to create an objective index of mood independent of the indi...

– University of Haifa


Universal Basic Income Policies Don’t Cause People to Leave Workforce, Study Finds

New research from the University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy suggests that a universal basic income would not cause people to leave the workforce.

– University of Chicago

NBER, February 2018


Using Science and Humanities to Step Back in Time

A collaborative group of researchers from the University of California San Diego traveled to Turin, Italy recently to digitally map an entire portion of the city — complete with historic architecture, expansive murals and stunning works of art. Dig...

– University of California San Diego

includes video


UA Little Rock Team Attends Global Clinton Initiative University

Three University of Arkansas at Little Rock students attended the Clinton Global Initiative University Oct. 13-15 at Northeastern University in Boston to discuss their design of a water pump to provide clean drinking water to a rural village in Haiti...

– University of Arkansas at Little Rock


The Hidden Traumas of Disaster

In the aftermath of disasters – hurricanes, earthquakes, epidemics, armed conflict, and the like – it is difficult to describe the true extent of damage wrought on society.

– Texas A&M University


Researcher's Fieldwork Builds Understanding of Community Resilience, Recovery in Face of Disaster

A researcher at the University of Kansas is part of a $20 million, five-year project funded by National Institute of Standards and Technology that enables engineers, computer scientists, economists, urban planners and sociologists to study how commun...

– University of Kansas


5 Factors That Fuel Income Inequality

Professor Peter Belmi discusses his five most interesting findings with regard to his research on income inequality.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


APA Urges Defeat of Bill to Weaken Americans with Disabilities Act

The American Psychological Association called on the House of Representatives to reject a bill that would weaken the Americans with Disabilities Act, our nation’s foremost civil rights law for persons with disabilities. The bill, H.R. 620, the ADA...

– American Psychological Association (APA)


American University Appoints Traevena Byrd as General Counsel

American University President Sylvia M. Burwell announced today she has appointed Traevena Byrd as vice president and general counsel, effective April 9, 2018.

– American University


Students Help Organize Event to Support Persons with Disabilities

During the first week of spring semester, a group of Swarthmore students used putt-putt golf and animal fun to help raise close to $11,000 for local persons with disabilities.

– Swarthmore College


Black History Month at UIC

The theme for UIC’s Black History Month 2018 is “Blacknificent” and features a keynote conversation with actress Yara Shahidi.

– University of Illinois at Chicago


U of A Researchers Receive Grant to Study Domestic Terrorism Patterns

Researchers from the University of Arkansas' Terrorism Research Center are using Risk Terrain Modeling to investigate links between terrorism events and their precursors.

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

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