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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Tuesday, February 20, 2018

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Medical
(22 New)
Science
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Life
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Medical News


Past Encounters with the Flu Shape Vaccine Response

Researchers from the University of Chicago, Harvard University and others show that poor immune responses, not egg adaptions, may explain the low effectiveness of the vaccine that year.

– University of Chicago Medical Center

Clinical Infectious Diseases

Embargo expired on 20-Feb-2018 at 00:05 ET


African Americans with Atrial Fibrillation at Significantly Higher Risk for Stroke Compared to Caucasians with the Disease

African Americans with atrial fibrillation (AF) – a quivering or irregular heartbeat that can lead to a host of dangerous complications – have a significantly higher risk of stroke than Caucasians with the condition, according to new research pub...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

HeartRhythm; K23DK089118

Embargo expired on 20-Feb-2018 at 00:15 ET


Clues to Obesity’s Roots Found in Brain’s Quality Control Process

Around the clock, cells deep in the brain produces a “grandfather” form of several hormones that help us regulate our appetite and eating. Now, a new discovery sheds new light on how that grandfather molecule gets produced – and more important,...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Journal of Clinical Investigation, March 2018, https://doi.org/10.1172/JCI96420; DK056731; DK066604; DK48280; DK11174; GM113188; DK105393

Embargo expired on 19-Feb-2018 at 16:00 ET


NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center and Weill Cornell Medicine Launch Living Donor Liver Transplant Program

To expand access to life-saving liver transplants for those in need, NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center and Weill Cornell Medicine have unveiled a new living donor liver transplant program. It performed its first such transplant with s...

– New York-Presbyterian Hospital

Embargo expired on 20-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Hospital Charges For Outpatient Cancer Care Highly Variable, Medicare Billing Records Show

An analysis of recent Medicare billing records for more than 3,000 hospitals across the United States shows that charges for outpatient oncology services such as chemo infusion or radiation treatment vary widely and exceed what Medicare will pay by t...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Journal of Managed Care


Number of Obese Years Not — Just Obesity — a Distinct Risk Factor for Heart Damage

In an analysis of clinical data collected on more than 9,000 people, Johns Hopkins researchers have shown that the number of years spent overweight or obese appear to “add up” to a distinct risk factor that makes those with a longer history of he...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Clinical Chemistry


UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital Oakland Researchers Find “Park Prescriptions” Can Reduce Stress Among Low Income Patients

A study by UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital Oakland researchers, has found that “park prescriptions” provided by physicians to their low-income patients can help reduce stress and improve physical well-being in patients and their families.

– UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland

PLOS ONE


Researchers Discover Novel Mechanism Linking Changes in Mitochondria to Cancer Cell Death

Researchers at the University of Notre Dame discovered that the activation of a specific enzyme may help suppress the spread of tumors.

– University of Notre Dame

Nature Cell Biology


Highly Mutated Protein in Skin Cancer Plays Central Role in Skin Cell Renewal

Researchers have shown for the first time that a key protein called KMT2D involved in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression guides this renewal.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Genes & Development; K08AR070289, P01AG031862, GM110174, CA196539, F31 GM123744-01, P30AR069589-01


Celiac Disease Diagnosis Takes 3.5 Years for Patients Without GI Symptoms

It takes an average of 3.5 years to diagnose celiac disease in patients who do not report gastrointestinal symptoms, a Loyola Medicine study has found. Patients who reported gastrointestinal symptoms were diagnosed in an average of 2.3 months.

– Loyola University Health System

American Journal of Medicine


Data Detectives Shift Suspicions in Alzheimer's from Usual Suspect to Inside Villain

The pursuit of the usual suspect in Alzheimer's research may be distracting from a more direct culprit in the disease, according to a study that analyzed data from 51 published experiments. P-tau looked a good bit more culpable than amyloid-beta plaq...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Journal of Alzheimer's Disease; NS069616; NS098228; NS081426


New Prostate Cancer Risk Model Could Better Guide Treatment

A new model developed by Michigan Medicine researchers could change treatment guidelines for nearly two-thirds of men with localized prostate cancer.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Journal of Clinical Oncology; Prostate Cancer Foundation Young Investigator Award; Department of Defense


Neurons Fight Back Early in Brain Disease

A therapeutic target to preserve vision in glaucoma patients could have treatment ramifications for age-related neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, according to findings released today in the Proceedings of the National ...

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center

PNAS


Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: How Parents Can Reduce Their Child's Risk

Sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) is the leading cause of death among infants one month to one year of age, with more than 3,500 infants dying unexpectedly each year. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is a major contributor.

– LifeBridge Health


Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: How Parents Can Reduce Their Child's Risk

Sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) is the leading cause of death among infants one month to one year of age, with more than 3,500 infants dying unexpectedly each year. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is a major contributor.

– LifeBridge Health


Type 1 Diabetes Trial Reaches Full Enrollment

A clinical trial studying type 1 diabetes has reached full enrollment.

– Sanford Health


PTSD and Police

University at Buffalo researchers are working with a sample of members of the Buffalo Police Department on a three-year $814,000 study being funded by the U.S. Department of Justice’s National Institute of Justice.

– University at Buffalo


Exploring New Treatments for Uterine Fibroids

Article about research underway for uterine fibroids at University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center.

– University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center


Loyola Medicine Primary Care Physician Provides Flu Safety Tips

Flu is still on the rise

– Loyola University Health System


Biospecimen Core Resource Wins NIH Contract to Further Cancer Research

The Biospecimen Core Resource (BCR) in The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital has received a new $4.5 million federal contract — with the potential of reaching more than $49.9 million over five years — to accept, process, ensu...

– Nationwide Children's Hospital

HHSN261201700015I


UT Southwestern Designated Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Center of Excellence

UT Southwestern Medical Center has been certified a Center of Excellence by the Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Association (HCMA) – one of less than 30 Centers of Excellence nationwide and the first certified center in North Texas.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center


Three Children’s Hospital Los Angeles Physician Leaders Named to American Pediatric Society

Three top doctors from Children’s Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) have been accepted into the American Pediatric Society (APS) – a distinguished membership of leaders in academic pediatrics.

– Childrens Hospital Los Angeles

Science News


Fancy A Jellyfish Chip?

Mathias P. Clausen, a Danish researcher, became intrigued by jellyfish when he bit into the marine delicacy and experienced an unexpected crunch; he decided he wanted to “understand the transformation from soft gel to this crunchy thing.” Clausen...

– Biophysical Society

62nd Biophysical Society Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 20-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


‘Lipid Asymmetry’ Plays Key Role in Activating Immune Cells

A cell’s membrane is composed of a bilayer of lipids, and the inside-facing layer is made of different lipids than the outside-facing layer. Because different lipids create membranes with different physical properties, researchers wondered whether ...

– Biophysical Society

62nd Biophysical Society Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 20-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Duplicate Genes Help Animals Resolve Sexual Conflict

Duplicate copies of a gene shared by male and female fruit flies have evolved to resolve competing demands between the sexes. New genetic analysis by researchers at the University of Chicago describes how these copies have evolved separate male- and ...

– University of Chicago Medical Center

Nature Ecology and Evolution

Embargo expired on 19-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET


Real-Time Captcha Technique Improves Biometric Authentication

A new login authentication approach could improve the security of current biometric techniques that rely on video or images of users’ faces. Known as Real-Time Captcha, the technique uses a unique “challenge” that’s easy for humans — but di...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Network and Distributed Systems Security (NDSS) Symposium 2018; N0001409-1-1042; DARPA-15-15-TCFP-006.

Embargo expired on 19-Feb-2018 at 14:00 ET


Supercomputers Aid Discovery of New, Inexpensive Material to Make LEDs with Excellent Color Quality

Computers have helped researchers develop a new phosphor that can make LEDs cheaper and render colors more accurately. An international team led by engineers at UC San Diego first predicted the new phosphor using supercomputers and data mining algori...

– University of California San Diego

Joule, Feb-2018; 1411192; ACI-1053575; NRF-2017R1A2B3011967

Embargo expired on 19-Feb-2018 at 12:00 ET

includes video


New Algorithm Can Pinpoint Mutations Favored by Natural Selection in Large Sections of the Human Genome

A team of scientists has developed an algorithm that can accurately pinpoint, in large regions of the human genome, mutations favored by natural selection. The finding provides deeper insight into how evolution works, and ultimately could lead to bet...

– University of California San Diego

Nature Methods

Embargo expired on 19-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET


Astronomers Reveal Secrets of Most Distant Supernova Ever Detected

An international team of astronomers led by the University of Southampton has confirmed the discovery of the most distant supernova ever detected – a huge cosmic explosion that took place 10.5 billion years ago, or three-quarters the age of the Uni...

– University of Southampton

Science, February 2018; The Astrophysical Journal

Embargo expired on 19-Feb-2018 at 19:00 ET


Portable Biosensor Warns of Heart Attack and Stroke

A team of researchers has developed a low-cost, portable medical sensor package that has the potential to alert users of medical issues ranging from severe heart conditions to cancer, according to a study published in the ECS Journal of Solid State S...

– The Electrochemical Society

ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology


Unwavering Juggler with Three Extra Electrons

Simulations discovered the first molecule with three extra electrons and extraordinary stability.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Angewandte Chemie International Edition 56, 13421 (2017). [DOI: 10.1002/anie.201706764]


Gut Reactions to Improve Probiotics

Researchers at Stanford University are studying how bacteria living in the gut respond to common changes within their habitat, working with mice. They change the gut environment within the mice, and then measure which bacterial species survive the ch...

– Biophysical Society

62nd Biophysical Society Annual Meeting

includes video


New Microfluidic Devices Help Athletes and Enhance Physical Rehab

Northwestern teams with Gatorade, Seattle Mariners, the U.S. Air Force and Shirley Ryan AbilityLab; Wearable system measures sweat and sweat biomarkers; Soft, flexible device measures bodies’ response to exercise

– Northwestern University

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) annual meeting


Researchers Achieve 'Olympic Ring; Molecule Breakthrough Just in Time for Winter Games

More than 7,000 miles away from the snowcapped peaks of PyeongChang, scientists from FSU’s Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry unlocked a novel strategy for synthesizing a highly versatile molecule called olympicene — a compound of carbon an...

– Florida State University

Angewandte Chemie


National Strawberry Day Brings Attention to UF/IFAS Varieties

Vance Whitaker toils day and night to develop the tastiest, best-looking, aromatic strawberries a consumer would want. Yummy enough for a nutritious snack or to help flavor a cake or pie just in time for National Strawberry Day on Feb. 27.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


Seeing the Future of New Energy Materials

Ames Laboratory has recently received new funding to study energy materials by developing and applying new techniques in solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy.

– Ames Laboratory


Virtual Reality Simulation Allows Iowans to Glimpse New Mississippi River Bridge

ISU personnel have designed a virtual reality simulation of the I-74 Mississippi River Bridge, currently under construction between Davenport and Moline. The simulation allows users to find out what it will be like to drive across the completed bridg...

– Iowa State University


Neutrons Reveal the Wild Weyl World of Semimetals

The observation of an abnormal state of matter in a 2-D magnetic material is the latest development in the race to harness novel electronic properties for more robust and efficient next-generation devices. Neutron scattering at Oak Ridge National Lab...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nature Materials


Latest Research on Lead Exposure, Alternative Test Methods, Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals, Nanoparticles, Perfluorinated Alkyl Substances (PFAS), and More Featured at SOT 57th Annual Meeting and ToxExpo

With more than 6,500 individuals from around the world in attendance, the Society of Toxicology (SOT) 57th Annual Meeting and ToxExpo will feature leading experts from across the broad range of disciplines and specialties that inform and advance toxi...

– Society of Toxicology


ORNL Wins Four FLC Technology Transfer Awards

Four technologies developed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have earned 2018 Excellence in Technology Transfer Awards from the Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer (FLC).

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


UF/IFAS Administrator Selected as Prestigious Leshner Fellow by AAAS

Now that the American Association for the Advancement of Science has selected Roger Kjelgren as a Leshner Fellow, he hopes to increase participation in urban food and water security.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society Announces 2018 Student Scholarship Recipients

The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS) has announced the recipients of its 2018 student academic scholarships. Recipients are distinguished for their academic achievement; relevance of coursework or experience to the award; activities and wor...

– TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society)


A True Fish Story: Biologist Kingsley on Evolutionary Patterns We Share with Creatures of the Sea, Feb. 23 at NYU

New York University will host David Kingsley, an evolutionary biologist at Stanford University, for “Fishing for the Secrets of Vertebrate Evolution,” its annual Darwin Lecture, on Friday, Feb. 23.

– New York University

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


College Roommates Underestimate Each Other’s Distress, New Psychology Research Shows

College roommates are sensitive to their roommates’ distress but tend to underestimate the level of distress being experienced by others.

– New York University

Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

Embargo expired on 19-Feb-2018 at 10:00 ET


Assassination of Political Leaders Connected to Increase in Social Conflict

An increase in social conflict increases the likelihood of assassinations of political leaders, according to new research co-conducted by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

The Leadership Quarterly, Feb-2018


Hitting Rock Bottom After Job Loss Can Be Beneficial, Study Shows

Bottoming out as a result of job loss can be necessary before finding the radical solution that will lead to a new work identity, according to new research from the University of Notre Dame.

– University of Notre Dame


Study Shows Letting Kids Sip and Taste Alcohol Is a Risky Behavior

Parents who allow their young children to occasionally sip and taste alcohol may be contributing to an increased risk for alcohol use and related problems when those kids reach late adolescence, according to a new study by a University at Buffalo psy...

– University at Buffalo

Addictive Behaviors


Incentive Reform Key to Racial Equity in America’s Cities

Tax increment financing (TIF) and other development incentives have become American cities’ primary means of encouraging local economic development. A new study by the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis finds that TIF incentives cou...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Journal of Urban Affairs


What Women Want-- How Personal Desire Impacts Pressure for Sex

New research finds young women who value their own desires as much as their partner's, are less likely to engage in unwanted sexual activity.

– Vanderbilt University

Sexuality & Culture


NBC's Primetime Olympic Broadcast Features More Male Athletes by Significant Margin

NBC's primetime broadcast of the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympic Games has highlighted men's events significantly more than women's events, according to research co-conducted by the University of Delaware.

– University of Delaware


Want a Great Employee? Hire a Liberal Arts Major

In his new book, San José State business professor Randall Stross makes the case for humanities graduates as among the most versatile and flexible workers.

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office


Comic Book Expert Calls ‘Black Panther’ a ‘Cultural Milestone’ for Genre

Part of the reason Marvel’s “Black Panther” has seen so much success is because it came along at the right time both culturally and politically, said Blair Davis, an associate professor of media and cinema studies in DePaul University’s Colle...

Expert Available

– DePaul University


WVU Students Selected for Legislative Internships

Eleven students from the Eberly College of Arts and Sciences at West Virginia University have been selected to intern at the West Virginia State Legislature this semester.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


McCombs School of Business to Offer Entrepreneurship Minor

Starting Fall 2018, the McCombs School of Business will offer a cross-campus entrepreneurship minor option to all undergraduate students at The University of Texas at Austin.

– University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)


Real Talk: A View From the Obama White House

Northwestern University’s Kellogg School of Management will host a star-packed panel of former Obama administration officials Tuesday, Feb. 20, to discuss the forces that shape the nation’s executive branch.The panel, moderated by alumna Dorothy ...

– Northwestern University

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