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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Friday, February 23, 2018

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(31 New)
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Medical News

Kids From Low-Income Areas Fare Worse After Heart Surgery, Finds Study

A national study of children with congenital heart disease found that kids from low-income neighborhoods had a higher mortality rate and higher hospital costs after heart surgery compared with those from higher-income neighborhoods.

– Columbia University Medical Center

Pediatrics, February 23, 2018

Embargo expired on 23-Feb-2018 at 00:00 ET

With Cost Removed, Women Choose More Effective Contraceptive Methods

University of Utah Health developed the HER Salt Lake Contraceptive Initiative to evaluate women's contraception choices if cost is not a factor. The research findings are published in the February 22 issue of the American Journal of Public Health.

– University of Utah Health

Teva Women's Health, Society of Family Planning Research Fund; William and Flora Hewlett Foundation; Willard L. Eccles Foundation; Bayer Pharmaceutical; Merck Pharmaceuticals...

Embargo expired on 22-Feb-2018 at 16:00 ET

includes video

Analysis Finds Lower IQ in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease

• An analysis of published studies indicates that children with chronic kidney disease may have lower intellectual functioning compared than children in the general population. • Compared with children with mild-to-moderate stage kidney disease...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

Embargo expired on 22-Feb-2018 at 17:00 ET

Artificial Intelligence Quickly and Accurately Diagnoses Eye Diseases and Pneumonia

Using artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques, researchers at Shiley Eye Institute at UC San Diego Health and University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues in China, Germany and Texas, have developed a new com...

– University of California San Diego Health


Embargo expired on 22-Feb-2018 at 12:00 ET

includes video

Shedding a Tear May Help Diagnose Parkinson’s Disease

Tears may hold clues to whether someone has Parkinson’s disease, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology’s 70th Annual Meeting in Los Angeles, April 21 to 27, 2018.

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

American Academy of Neurology’s 70th Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 22-Feb-2018 at 16:00 ET

Study Shows Need for Early Support Among People with Uveal Melanoma

UCLA researchers found that nearly all people diagnosed with uveal melanoma had a number of unmet psychological and health information needs, particularly during the first three months after their diagnoses. The study is the first prospective, longit...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

JAMA Ophthamalogy Feb 2018

Embargo expired on 22-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET

AJPH April Issue: gun storage, LARCs and abortion, flu vaccine disparities, air pollution disparities, Brazil birthrate after Zika

In this issue, find research on gun storage, LARCs and abortion, flu vaccine disparities, air pollution disparities, Brazil birthrate after Zika and more

– American Public Health Association (APHA)

American Journal of Public Health

Embargo expired on 22-Feb-2018 at 16:00 ET

Promising Treatment for Ebola Virus to be Tested at Texas Biomed

During the West African Ebola outbreak that began in 2013, an experimental biopharmaceutical drug called ZMappTM was a glimmer of hope in the midst of a health crisis. Now, scientists at Texas Biomedical Research Institute in San Antonio have been aw...

– Texas Biomedical Research Institute


Embargo expired on 22-Feb-2018 at 09:30 ET

Survey: More Than Half of U.S. Gun Owners Do Not Safely Store Their Guns

More than half of gun owners do not safely store all their guns, according to a new survey of 1,444 U.S. gun owners conducted by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

American Journal of Public Health

Using Light and Gold for Targeted, Non-Invasive Drug Delivery

Researchers have developed a highly-targeted and non-invasive drug-release method that combines a nanoscale gold particle-containing polymer coating and near-infrared light. The technology could also be used for other applications, including the seal...

– American Technion Society

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces

Updated Data Confirms a Durable 75 Percent Overall Response Rate, by Blinded Independent Review, of Larotrectinib in Adults and Children with Tumors Harboring TRK Fusions

Larotrectinib, a highly selective TRK kinase inhibitor, shows rapid, potent, and durable efficacy in both adult and pediatric patients with solid tumors that harbor TRK fusions, regardless of tumor type or patient age, according to results from three...

– Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

New England Journal of Medicine

Antidepressant Response Within Hours? Experts Weigh Evidence on Ketamine as Fast-Acting Treatment for Depression in Harvard Review of Psychiatry

Recent studies suggest that ketamine, a widely used anesthetic agent, could offer a wholly new approach to treating severe depression—producing an antidepressant response in hours rather than weeks. Two reviews of recent evidence on ketamine and re...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Harvard Review of Psychiatry

Sandhoff Disease Study Shows Proof of Principle for Gene Therapy

NIH researchers studying a fatal childhood illness called Sandhoff disease uncover new details about how it develops in utero that indicate gene therapy has potential.

– American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)

Journal of Lipid Research

Biomarker, Clues to Possible Therapy Found in Novel Childhood Neurogenetic Disease

Researchers studying a rare genetic disorder that causes severe, progressive neurological problems in childhood have discovered insights into biological mechanisms that drive the disease, along with early clues that an amino acid supplement might off...

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Annals of Neurology, online Dec. 29, 2017; NS741314, NS049453, NS021328, MH108592

Descriptive Phrases for How Often Food Should Be Eaten Helps Preschoolers Better Understand Healthy Eating

Approximately one in four preschoolers in the US are overweight or obese, and poor nutrition in early childhood has enduring consequences to children’s cognitive functioning. Preschool, therefore, is a critical period for children to begin to make ...

– Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior

Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior

Age Matters Behind the Wheel – but Not How You Might Expect

A UCLA study explored the relationship between new drivers' skills to age, gender and playing organized sports or video games. The results suggest all novice drivers should undergo mandatory training, not just teenagers. Age: Among males, the olde...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences


Cardiac Cell Therapy for Heart Failure Caused by Muscular Dystrophy Also Improves Skeletal Muscle Function in Mice

Injections of cardiac progenitor cells help reverse the fatal heart disease caused by Duchenne muscular dystrophy and also lead to improved limb strength and movement ability, a new study shows. The study, published today in Stem Cell Reports, showed...

– Cedars-Sinai

Stem Cell Reports, Feb. 22, 2018

Researchers Adapt HIV Test in Developing Rapid Diagnostic Test for Zika Virus

Researchers at New York University College of Dentistry, in collaboration with Rheonix, Inc., are developing a novel test for Zika virus that uses saliva to identify diagnostic markers of the virus in a fraction of the time of current commercial test...

– New York University

PLOS ONE; JoVE; R44DE024456; 3R44DE024456-03S1; R44 DE024456; U01 DE017855

Developing Antidotes for Cyanide, Mustard Gas

Two new analytical methods, one to evaluate a new cyanide antidote, dimethyl trisulfide, and another to quickly detect a substance associated with exposure to mustard gas, are helping scientists develop countermeasures against these chemical warfare ...

– South Dakota State University

Journal of Chromatography A, 2016; Cyanide antidote and sulfur mustard metabolites, 2017

includes video

Less Expensive, Post-Acute Care Options for Seniors Underutilized

Long-term acute care (LTAC) facilities are designed to meet the needs of older adults with severe, complex illnesses who are recovering from hospitalization, but less expensive options sometimes overlooked may also be available, population health res...

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

JAMA Internal Medicine

Exercising with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: I Want to Be Fit and Strong

Signing up for 5Ks and even a 10K is a feat many people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may not have dared to attempt a decade or two ago. Fear of tragedy leads many HCM patients to a sedentary lifestyle.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan


Transforming Patient Health Care and Well-Being Through Lighting

The world of health care is changing rapidly and there is increased interest in the role that light and lighting can play in improving health outcomes for patients and providing healthy work environments for staff, according to many researchers. Rece...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences receives NIH grant renewal to train students underrepresented in science

For more than 25 years, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, which provides Ph.D. degree biomedical research training, has been on a mission to change the face of research to include more scientists from backgrounds underrepresented in...

– Mayo Clinic

Why the FDA-Approved Blood Test is Not about Concussions

On February 14th, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a blood test that has been proposed to diagnose concussion. Many media outlets quickly reported this announcement as being a breakthrough in concussion diagnosis.

– American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM)

includes video

Hackensack University Medical Center Team Members Travel to Cairo, Egypt to Participate in a Medical Mission

Mark B. Anderson, M.D., vice chair of Cardiac Surgery Services at Hackensack Meridian Health Hackensack University Medical recently led a group of colleagues on a medical mission to Cairo, Egypt. Dr. Anderson is a leading expert in cardiac surgery in...

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Amputees Lending a Hand to Neural Interfacing Research at UT Southwestern

Michael “Shawn” Findley, a 44-year-old amputee with a wiring harness emerging from his upper left arm, is working with a UT Southwestern team to help change the way robotic hand biofeedback occurs. Ultimately, he hopes this research may lead to t...

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

includes video

American Society of Anesthesiologists and Premier Inc. Launch Next Generation of Perioperative Surgical Home Learning Collaborative

The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) and Premier Inc. (NASDAQ: PINC), a leading health care improvement company, are accepting applications for the next phase of the jointly-led national Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) Learning Collabora...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

American Association of Critical-Care Nurses to Present Circle of Excellence Award to 11 Acute and Critical Care Nurses

Eleven outstanding nurses will receive the AACN Circle of Excellence award for their efforts to ensure that every patient gets the excellent care they deserve and that every nurse has the tools and the skills they need to provide that care.

– American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)

Fred Hutch, UW Medicine Alliance with Takeda to Advance Promising Early-Stage Research

Collaboration aims to accelerate next generation treatments in cancer, gastrointestinal diseases, and neurological disorders

– Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Duke Health First in the U.S. to be Recognized by HIMSS Analytics for its Advanced Analytical Capabilities

Duke Health has become the first healthcare institution in the U.S. to be awarded the highest honor for analytic capabilities by HIMSS Analytics, a global healthcare IT market intelligence, research and standards organization.

– Duke Health

Ihor S. Sawczuk, M.D., FACS, Elected President of the New York Medical & Surgical Society

Hackensack Meridian Health Hackensack University Medical Center is pleased to announce that Ihor S. Sawczuk, M.D., FACS, president of Hackensack University Medical Center, has been elected president of the New York Medical & Surgical Society (NYMSS)...

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Science News

Loops, Loops, and More Loops: This Is How Your DNA Gets Organised

A living cell is able to neatly package a big jumble of DNA into tiny chromosomes while preparing for cell division. Researchers in Delft now managed for the first time to isolate and film that process, and proof that a single protein complex call...

– Delft University of Technology

Science First Release 22 Feb

Embargo expired on 22-Feb-2018 at 14:00 ET

includes video

Earliest Cave Paintings Were Made by Neanderthals, Scientists Discover

Scientists have found the first major evidence that Neanderthals made cave paintings, indicating they may have had an artistic sense similar to our own.

– University of Southampton

Science 23 February 2018. DOI: 10.1126/science.aap7778.

Embargo expired on 22-Feb-2018 at 14:00 ET

The “Loudness” of Our Thoughts Affects How We Judge External Sounds

The “loudness” of our thoughts--or how we imagine saying something--influences how we judge the loudness of real, external sounds.

– New York University

Nature Human Behaviour

Improved Hubble Yardstick Gives Fresh Evidence for New Physics in the Universe

Astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope have made the most precise measurement to date of the rate at which the universe is expanding the big bang. This may mean that there's something unknown about the makeup of the universe. The new numbers r...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astrophysical Journal, Feb-2018

Imaging Individual Flexible DNA ‘Building Blocks’ in 3-D

A team of researchers from Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (Berkeley Lab) and Ohio State University have generated 3-D images from 129 individual molecules of flexible DNA origami particles. Their work provides the first experimental verification of t...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Communications, Feb. 9, 2018

Sunlight Stimulates Microbial Respiration of Carbon in Surface Waters

This research offers new information to understand the role of microorganisms in elemental cycling in the Arctic.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Communications 8, 772 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-00759-2]

Biology, Geometry Unite to Thwart Common Cardiovascular Diseases

To treat cardiovascular disease, surgery can remove blockages in large vessels in the heart or legs but is not possible in small vessels. To address this problem, researchers designed 3D-printed patches seeded with vessel-inducing endothelial cells. ...

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Nat Biomed Eng, June-2017; EB00262, EB08396

Drier Conditions Could Doom Colorado Spruce and Fir Trees

Drier summers and a decline in average snowpack over the past 40 years have severely hampered the establishment of two foundational tree species in subalpine regions of Colorado’s Front Range, suggesting that climate warming is already taking a tol...

– University of Colorado Boulder


New Insight Into Plants' Self-Defense

Researchers at the University of Delaware and the University of California-Davis have uncovered new details of how chloroplasts move about in times of trouble. It's the fundamental kind of research information that helps scientists understand plant b...

– University of Delaware

eLife Sciences

Pulling Needles Out of Haystacks: With Computation, Researchers Identify Promising Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Materials

Using advanced computational methods, University of Wisconsin–Madison materials scientists have discovered new materials that could bring widespread commercial use of solid oxide fuel cells closer to reality.

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Advanced Energy Materials

Climate Researchers: No Simple Trigger for Soil Carbon ‘Bomb’

A new study led by Texas Tech’s Natasja van Gestel shows the complicated relationship between soil carbon and global warming.

– Texas Tech University


Researchers Study Growth of Hawk Population in Albuquerque

A student in New Mexico State University’s Biology Department recently published a paper in “Condor,” a scientific journal, about the nesting and populating of Cooper’s hawks in urban areas.

– New Mexico State University (NMSU)

Condor – Ornithological Applications

includes video

Scientists Isolate Cancer Stem Cells Using Novel Method

Researchers at The University of Texas at Dallas have devised a new technique to isolate aggressive cells thought to form the root of many hard-to-treat metastasized cancers, a significant step toward developing new drugs that might target these cell...

– University of Texas at Dallas

Chemistry-A European Journal, Feb. 19, 2018

Drier Conditions Could Doom Colorado Spruce and Fir Trees

Drier summers and a decline in average snowpack over the past 40 years have severely hampered the establishment of spruce and fir trees in Colorado's Front Range.

– University of Colorado Boulder


Jamming to Nature’s Rhythms, ‘BeastBox’ Is Born

Musicians have long drawn inspiration from nature, but a new online game is taking that connection one step further. “Beastbox” takes sound clips from real wild animals, transforms them into loops, and allows users to mix and match them into an e...

– Cornell University

Hacker-Resistant Power Plant Software Gets a Glowing Tryout in Hawaii

Hacker-resistant software for controlling a power grid performed well in both a simulated cyber-intrusion and in a tryout in a real power plant.

– Johns Hopkins University

Secretary of Energy Rick Perry Visits Jefferson Lab

Highlights from the U.S. Secretary of Energy's visit to the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility on Feb. 21, 2018. Jefferson Lab is one of 17 Department of Energy national laboratories.

– Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Professors, High School Teachers Study Use of Modeling Software to Boost Science Education

A research collaboration between the University of Arkansas and Fayetteville High School suggests that students benefited more when using the same type of modeling software used by scientists than through other instructional techniques.

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education

Followers, “Likes,” Attractiveness Increase Social Media Likability. Selfies? Not So Much, Baylor Study Says

A new Baylor University study published in the journal Psychology of Popular Media Culture looks at the value that outside observers place on social media cues (followers, likes, etc.) and measures the perceived likability of the people whose profile...

– Baylor University

Psychology of Popular Media Culture

Winter Olympics, We Hear You

From opening and closing ceremonies to the events, music is used in competition on the ice, fills the slopes, and often brings a tear to the eye of the most hardened champion on the medal podium. UK musicology alumnus John Michael McCluskey shares ho...

– University of Kentucky

The Ninth: Destiny of a Symphony

Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony has become one of the most celebrated musical works. How has one musical work inspired so many? On Wednesday, February 28, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute will present a film and panel discussion to consider how music ca...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

CSU Construction Management Students Excel in National Competition

California State University construction management students brought home more than a dozen national championships from the Associated Schools of Construction’s (ASC) Region 6 & 7 Student Competition, held Feb. 7-10 in Sparks, Nevada.

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Among the Best Schools for Game Design

The accolades keep coming for the highly regarded Games and Simulation Arts and Sciences (GSAS) program at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. The latest comes from two sources: The Art Career Project, a nationally recognized resource for art students ...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Babson’s Women Innovating Now (WIN) Lab® Miami Appoints New Director, Michelle Abbs

Babson College’s Women Innovating Now (WIN) Lab®Miami - a venture accelerator specifically for women entrepreneurs - welcomes a new director, Michelle Abbs. The accelerator is looking forward to an exciting spring of programming and the second ann...

– Babson College

AIAA Announces 2018 Winners for Outstanding Educators and Literary Excellence in Aerospace Awards

The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) recently honored recipients of the 2018 Educator Awards presented to several faculty, including rotorcraft and adaptive structures expert Farhan Gandhi, the Rosalind and John J. Redfern Jr...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

St. Mary’s College of Maryland Ranks No. 1 Among Peace Corps’ Top Volunteer-Producing Small Colleges

In its 2018 Top Volunteer-Producing Colleges and Universities list, the Peace Corps announced this week that St. Mary’s College of Maryland is ranked no. 1 among small schools.

– St. Mary's College of Maryland

The Albert M. Greenfield Foundation Makes Historic $1M Gift to Temple Libraries

The gift will support The Albert M. Greenfield Special Collections Research Center Reading Room in Temple’s new library, slated to open in 2019.

– Temple University

Creating Innovative Technology for the Real World

A hypertonic grip expander for individuals with cerebral palsy and stroke patients, a chair for students on the autism spectrum, and an independent lifting device for quadriplegic individuals are the designs created by teams of undergraduate students...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Northwestern Law to Host Global Legal Innovation Summit

Thought leaders and change makers from across the globe will gather at Northwestern Pritzker School of Law in May to address the innovative transformation currently taking place in the legal industry around the world.

– Northwestern University

Business News

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Professor’s Book Transforms the Innovation Talent Pipeline Through Organizational Design

Gina Colarelli O'Connor, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute associate dean for academic affairs and professor of marketing and innovation management at the Lally School of Management, has co-authored Beyond the Champion: Institutionalizing Innovation T...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


Empa shows "Gas station of the future"

What could a "gas station of the future" look like? What services does it offer? Which fuels can be refueled there and where do they come from? Possible answers to these questions can be found at the stand of the of Swiss Oil Industry Association (Er...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

UNLV Supercomputing Boosted Through New Collaboration with Altair

Tapping into the tremendous power of the Cherry Creek II supercomputer at UNLV just got easier for faculty researchers and community partners alike, thanks to a new MOU between the university and Altair Engineering.

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)





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