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Newswise - News for Journalists
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Tuesday, February 27, 2018

Public Edition | newswise.com

Medical
(33 New)
Science
(19 New)
Life
(6 New)
Business
(3 New)
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Medical News


States with Strong Tobacco Control Measures Have Fewer E-Cigarette Users

States with robust tobacco control policies and regulations, such as smoke free air laws and taxes on cigarettes, not only have fewer cigarette users but also fewer e-cigarette users, according to research from NYU School of Medicine and the NYU Coll...

– New York University

Nicotine & Tobacco Research; P50HL120163; 1K24DA038345-01; UL1TR000038

Embargo expired on 27-Feb-2018 at 07:00 ET


Does Medical Expansion Improve Population Health?

The escalating influence of modern biomedical conceptions of health and illness now dominate healthcare delivery. A new study finds that this expanding “medical industrial complex” is not straightforwardly responsible for improved life expectanc...

– American Sociological Association (ASA)

Journal of Health and Social Behavior

Embargo expired on 27-Feb-2018 at 03:05 ET


Hearing Loss May Be Tied to Memory Loss for Some

Some people with a certain type of hearing loss may be more likely to also have the memory loss and thinking problems called mild cognitive impairment, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of ...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

American Academy of Neurology’s 70th Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2018 at 16:00 ET


Multiple Types of Delirium in the ICU Indicate High Risk for Long-Term Cognitive Decline, Study Finds

Critically ill patients who experience long periods of hypoxic, septic or sedative-associated delirium, or a combination of the three, during an intensive care unit (ICU) stay are more likely to have long-term cognitive impairment one year after disc...

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Lancet Respiratory Medicine; AG034257, AG031322, AG027472, AG035117, GM120484, HL111111 and HL135144

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2018 at 18:30 ET


Immune System Activation in Pregnant Women Can Shape Brain Development in Their Babies

Mom's inflammatory response shapes "wiring" of her child's brain. Similar networking changes linked to autism and ADHD.

– Childrens Hospital Los Angeles

MH093677-05; TR001874; 000081

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2018 at 13:00 ET


WVU Researcher to Study Hospital Wayfinding Through Virtual Reality Technologies

Shan Jiang, assistant professor of landscape architecture in the School of Design and Community Development, and her research team will utilize immersive virtual reality technologies to conduct a study focused primarily on hospital wayfinding.

– West Virginia University

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2018 at 13:30 ET


More People Living With HIV and Cancer Should Get Appropriate Cancer Treatment, According to New Guidelines

New NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) for Cancer in People Living With HIV seek to reduce unnecessary, deadly cancer care gaps.

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)

Embargo expired on 27-Feb-2018 at 09:00 ET


NewYork-Presbyterian to Implement Meatless Monday Initiative

NewYork-Presbyterian, one of the nation’s most comprehensive, integrated academic healthcare delivery systems, is launching a “Meatless Monday” initiative at a number of the Hospital’s onsite retail locations beginning February 26.

– New York-Presbyterian Hospital

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2018 at 12:00 ET


A Promising New Drug to Combat Serious Inflammatory Disease

Still’s disease is a serious orphan disease manifested by high fevers, skin and joint involvement, including paralysis, as well as damage to other organs such as the liver or spleen.

– Université de Genève (University of Geneva)

Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases


New Study Shows Most Women Willing to Accept the Risks of Breast Screening

Value in Health, the official journal of ISPOR (the professional society for health economics and outcomes research), announced today the publication of new research suggesting that, on average, most women were willing to accept the risk of unnecessa...

– ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

Value in Health, Feb-2018


Accurate Telomere Length Test Influences Treatment Decisions for Certain Diseases

Research led by Johns Hopkins physicians and scientists shows that a test for measuring the length of DNA endcaps, called telomeres, which has a variability rate of 5 percent, can alter treatment decisions for patients with certain types of bone marr...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; K99-R00HL113105, K23HL123601, R37AG009383, RO1CA160433, RO1HL119476, T32GM007309


New Study Shows Repurposing Leukemia Drugs May Prevent Melanoma Metastasis

Data from a new study led by University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center researchers shows that repurposing drugs used to treat leukemia has promise for preventing melanoma metastasis.

– University of Kentucky

Science Signaling


Discovery Reveals Way to Stop Inflammation in Alzheimer's, Arthritis, More

The finding “opens up a whole new research area to look at neuroinflammation in the context of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s,” the lead researcher says. “But the clinical impact will be in many, many different areas.”

– University of Virginia Health System

Immunity; GM108989; 5T32GM007055-41


Glowing Designer Sponges: New Nanoparticles Engineered to Image and Treat Cancer

A team of Sandia National Laboratories researchers has designed and synthesized metal-organic framework nanoparticles that glow red or near infrared for at least two days in cells. This could prove useful in tracking the spread of cancer cells.

– Sandia National Laboratories

ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces


Most PA Students Tobacco-Free, but Vaping and Cigarette Use Still a Concern

Most of Pennsylvania’s high school and middle school students are tobacco-free, but the use of cigarettes and their digital counterpart, e-cigarettes, is still a cause for concern, according to Penn State researchers.

– Penn State College of Medicine

Preventing Chronic Disease


Neutrons Reveal Promising Properties of Novel Antioxidant Polymer

A team of researchers from ORNL and the University of Alabama at Birmingham recently developed the antioxidant manganoporphyrin, a new polymer that could potentially improve drug delivery methods and other biomedical applications. Using neutrons, the...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Chemistry of Materials


Decoding the Genome’s Dark Matter

These new areas of interest belong to the so-called “non-coding” genome—the 98 percent of the genome that doesn’t directly code for proteins but instead regulates how key proteins are produced.

– Scripps Research Institute

Nature Genetics, Feb. 2018


New Research Could Lead to Improved Method of Treating Pancreatic Cancer

A heating and freezing process known as dual thermal ablation can kill pancreatic cancer cells, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University at New York.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Liver and Pancreatic Sciences, Nov-2017


New Technology For Use In Military Vehicles May Protect Troops From Blast-Induced Brain Injury

Researchers from the University of Maryland School of Medicine and the University of Maryland A. James Clark School of Engineering have developed a new military vehicle shock absorbing device that may protect troops from traumatic brain injury after ...

– University of Maryland School of Medicine

Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery; Experimental Neurology; Journal of Neurotrauma


ACTRIMS Recognizes Young Investigators at Forum 2018

The Americas Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Sclerosis (ACTRIMS) recognized the research contributions of five young investigators during the recent ACTRIMS Forum 2018. Abstracts and posters can be found in the ACTRIMS Forum online p...

– Americas Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Scleroses (ACTRIMS)

MS Journal; ACTRIMS Forum 2019, February 28-March 2, 2019


Researchers Discover Receptor That Protects Against Allergies, Asthma

A special receptor on cells that line the sinuses, throat and lungs evolved to protect mammals from developing a range of allergies and asthma, according to a study from researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Science Immunology


Researchers Use Human Neural Stem Cell Grafts to Repair Spinal Cord Injuries in Monkeys

Led by researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, a diverse team of neuroscientists and surgeons successfully grafted human neural progenitor cells into rhesus monkeys with spinal cord injuries. The grafts not only survived...

– University of California San Diego Health

Nature Medicine


ICU Risk Scores Perform Well as 'Continuous Markers' of Illness Severity

Commonly used ICU risk scores can be "repurposed" as continuous markers of severity of illness in critically ill patients—providing ongoing updates on changes in the patient's condition and risk of death, according to a study in the March issue of ...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Critical Care Medicine


Short-term Use of IV Devices Is Common — and Risky — Study Shows

These days, many hospital patients get medicine or nutrition delivered straight into their bloodstream through a tiny device called a PICC. In just a decade, it’s become the go-to device for intravenous care. But a new study finds that one in every...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

J. Hosp. Med 2018;2;76-82. doi:10.12788/jhm.2847


DASH-Style Diet Associated With Reduced Risk of Depression

Eating a diet that emphasizes vegetables, fruit and whole grains it may lead to a reduced risk of depression, according to a study by researchers at Rush University Medical Center. Study author Dr. Laurel Cherian will present a preliminary study abst...

– Rush University Medical Center

the American Academy of Neurology’s 70th Annual Meeting in Los Angeles from April 21 to 27, 2018; National Institute of Aging R01AG054476 and R01AG17917


Art Students to Physicians: Don’t Forget Why You Love Being a Doctor!

The Pennsylvania Medical Society teams up with students from the Pennsylvania College of Art and Design for new campaign to remind physicians why they became doctors.

– Pennsylvania Medical Society


Cedars-Sinai Surgeon Uses Modern Technology to Solve Prehistoric Mystery of Saber-Toothed Cats

Orthopaedic surgeon, Robert Klapper, MD, is working with paleontologists at the La Brea Tar Pits and Museum to unravel the mystery of how long-extinct saber-toothed cats lived and roamed. Using Cedars-Sinai’s most advanced CT scan machines, Klapper...

– Cedars-Sinai


Jumping on the at Home DNA Testing Kit Bandwagon

The world of DTC DNA test kits, namely for cardiovascular disease

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Circulation: Genomic and Precision Medicine


Endocrine Society Experts Express Concern with FDA Statement on BPA Safety

The Endocrine Society today expressed disappointment with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) statement asserting that the results of an interim report support previous determinations that bisphenol A (BPA) is safe for use in food contain...

– Endocrine Society


Darnall Army Medical Center to Receive USU Excellence in Teaching Award

The Carl R. Darnall Army Medical Center at Fort Hood, Texas, will be recognized for its superior clinical training of military medical students and graduate nursing students in a ceremony Feb. 28.

– Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)


NIH Launches International Study of AMD Progression

A new clinical study led by the National Eye Institute (NEI), part of the National Institutes of Health, will follow 500 people over five years to learn more about the natural history of early age-related macular degeneration (AMD). By using the late...

– NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)


NIH Awards $4.6 Million for Chronic Pain Research

The University of Illinois at Chicago has been awarded a $4.6 million grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to study the molecular neurobiology of chronic pain in patients with sickle cell disease and to develop potential new drug ...

– University of Illinois at Chicago


University Hospitals Recruits Top Neuroscientist to Join Harrington Discovery Institute

Andrew Pieper, MD, PhD, one of the nation’s leading physician-scientists in the field of neuropsychiatric disorders, has joined the Harrington Discovery Institute – part of The Harrington Project for Discovery & Development – at University Hosp...

– University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center

Science News


Massive Data Analysis Shows What Drives the Spread of Flu in the U.S.

Using several large datasets describing health care visits, geographic movements and demographics of more than 150 million people over nine years, researchers at the University of Chicago have created models that predict the spread of influenza throu...

– University of Chicago Medical Center

eLife

Embargo expired on 27-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET


Reforesting US Topsoils Store Massive Amounts of Carbon, with Potential for Much More

Forests across the United States—and especially forest soils—store massive amounts of carbon, offsetting about 10 percent of the country's annual greenhouse gas emissions and helping to mitigate climate change.

– University of Michigan

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2018 at 15:00 ET


How Do Your FRIENDS Plan to Vote?

Most election polls take the political pulse of a state or nation by reaching out to citizens about their voting plans. Santa Fe Institute Professor Mirta Galesic says pollsters might also ask: how do your friends plan to vote?

– Santa Fe Institute

Nature Human Behavior

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET


King Penguins May Be on the Move Very Soon

More than 70 percent of the global King penguin population, currently forming colonies in Crozet, Kerguelen and Marion sub-Antarctic islands, may be nothing more than a memory in a matter of decades, as global warming will soon force the birds to mov...

– University of Vienna

Nature Climate Change

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET


Mammoth Data: Researchers Sequence Complete Genomes of Extinct and Living Elephants Pointing to Highly Complex Relationships, Rich Evolutionary History

An international team of researchers has produced one of the most comprehensive evolutionary pictures to date by looking at one of the world's most iconic animal families - namely elephants, and their relatives mammoths and mastodons-spanning million...

– McMaster University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Science

Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2018 at 15:00 ET

includes video


Powerful Flare from Star Proxima Centauri Detected with ALMA

Using data from ALMA, a team of astronomers discovered that a powerful stellar flare erupted from Proxima Centauri last March.

– National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Astrophysical Journal Letters, Feb. 2018


Could Cleaning Up Beaches Make Americans Better Off?

Cleaning up beaches could boost local economies in addition to preserving natural treasures and animal habitats.

– Ohio State University

Marine Resource Economics


For Energy Experts, New Method Is a Gas

Researchers have developed a method that will help natural gas experts better understand shale samples and eventually help them decide whether to invest time and resources to extract gas from the formation the samples came from.

– University of Delaware

Nature Communications


The Fine-Tuning of Two-Dimensional Materials

In two recent publications, teams of researchers led by Penn State provide new understanding of why synthetic two-dimensional materials often perform orders of magnitude worse than predicted, and how to improve their performance in future electronics...

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Advanced Functional Materials Jan-2018; Scientific Reports Dec-2017


SLU Researcher Develops New Way to Grow Nanowires

Saint Louis University researcher Irma Kuljanishvili, Ph.D. developed a promising technique to produce nanoscale materials using simple processes.

– Saint Louis University Medical Center

Advanced Materials Interfaces


Brain Can Navigate Based Solely on Smells

Northwestern University researchers have developed a new “smell virtual landscape” that enables the study of how smells engage the brain’s navigation system. The work demonstrates, for the first time, that the mammalian brain can form a map of ...

– Northwestern University

Nature Communications; 1R01MH101297; CRCNS 1516235


First Nanoscale Look at How Lithium Ions Navigate a Molecular Maze to Reach Battery Electrode

Lithium ions have to travel through layers of molecules in the electrolyte liquid before they can enter or leave a lithium-ion battery electrode. Tweaking this process could help batteries charge faster.

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Energy & Environmental Science, 24 January 2018 (10.1039/C7EE02724A)


Carbon Yarn Taps Nerves for Electroceutical Treatments and Diagnostics

Yarn weaved from carbon nanotubes monitors brain control of organ functions in rats, paves way for disease diagnosis and treatment at single nerve level.

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Scientific Reports, Sep-2017; U18EB021759


New Online Tool Gives 3D View of Human Metabolic Processes

A new computational resource called Recon3D provides a 3D view of genes, proteins and metabolites involved in human metabolism. Researchers used the tool to map disease-related mutations on proteins and also probed how genes and proteins change in re...

– University of California San Diego

Nature Biotechnology, Feb-2018; NNF10CC1016517; GM057089


Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Professors Offer Insights on Cognitive Science

Sergei Nirenburg, professor and head of the Department of Cognitive Science at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, was the guest editor of the Winter 2017 edition of AI magazine, the official publication of the Association for the Advancement of Artifi...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


Pharmaceutical Sciences Graduate Student Wins Three Minute Thesis Competition

A pharmaceutical sciences doctoral student studying results of weight-reduction surgery delivered the top presentation at North Dakota State University's Three Minute Thesis Competition hosted by the College of Graduate and Interdisciplinary Studies ...

– North Dakota State University


Microgrid Coming to Northern California Airport

Designed by the Schatz Energy Research Center at Humboldt State University, the microgrid will generate green electricity, create jobs for local contractors and technicians, and provide an energy lifeline in the event of a natural disaster.

– Humboldt State University


Two NYU Studies Part of “STAT Madness” 2018—a Virtual Tournament of Science

Two NYU studies are part of STAT Madness 2018—a virtual tournament of science in which the public votes for which studies they like best in a bracketed format.

– New York University


New Committee Examining Solutions to Enhance Coral Reef Resilience

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine recently appointed a new committee of 12 international experts tasked with investigating strategies to increase the resilience of coral reefs. California State University, Monterey Bay (CS...

– California State University, Monterey Bay

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Perceptions of Old Age Change as We Age

Does life really begin at 40? Is 50 the new 30? For people in these age groups, the answer appears to be yes. But for young adults in their teens and early 20s, turning 50 equates to hitting old age. A new study of more than a half-million Americans ...

– Michigan State University

Frontiers in Psychology


Upstanding by Design: How Social Networking Sites Can Crack Down on Cyberbullying

What prompts some people to intervene in cyberbullying, while others just stand idly by? A Cornell University research team has discovered a way to encourage people to intervene – and it can be built right into the design of social networking sites...

– Cornell University

National Science Foundation.


Sound as Social Practice

The University of California San Diego Department of Music is well known for its emphasis on experimental music and sound in composition, performance and scholarship, and brings this to the forefront at a special two-day conference March 2-3. “Soni...

– University of California San Diego


Experts at DePaul University Available to Comment on Illinois Political Races

As Illinois voters prepare for state primary races March 20, DePaul University faculty experts are available to provide insight and commentary. Their expertise includes self-funded campaigns, the influence of national politics on local races, endorse...

Expert Available

– DePaul University


True Public Health Reform Must Address Poverty, Baylor University Epidemiologist Says

Despite the debate over the Affordable Care Act — “Obamacare” — and the perception that it transformed the nation’s public health system, the legislation did little to impact or advance public health, according to Baylor University epidemi...

Expert Available

– Baylor University

Global Advances in Health and Medicine


University of Redlands Among Peace Corps’ 2018 Top Volunteer-Producing Colleges & Universities

The Peace Corps announced this week that the University of Redlands ranked No. 4 among small schools on the agency’s 2018 Top Volunteer-Producing Colleges and Universities list. There are 14 Bulldogs currently volunteering worldwide.

– University of Redlands

Business News


Signed, Sealed & ... Delivered?

Does the signature size match the personality?According to Chad Ham, assistant professor of accounting at Washington University in St. Louis' Olin Business School, a chief financial officer (CFO) with an oversized signature is more likely to make que...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Journal of Accounting Research, Dec-2017


University of Haifa Launches the Multiversity Revolution

University of Haifa Launches the Multiversity Revolution

– University of Haifa


University of Redlands School of Business Announces Installation of Dean Thomas A. Horan

Dr. Horan provides leadership and strategic direction for the graduate, undergraduate, and online business degrees. He brings real-world experience and more than 30 years in designing, implementing, and evaluating businesses which has led several ini...

– University of Redlands

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