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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Wednesday, February 28, 2018

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Medical News

More Isn’t Always Better When It Comes to Health Care, Older Americans Say – but Many See Mismatch in Need & Use

Doctors and older patients may disagree more often than either of them suspects about whether a particular medical test or medicine is truly necessary, according to findings from a new poll of Americans over age 50. Improving communication about ...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Embargo expired on 28-Feb-2018 at 07:00 ET

includes video

Effective Pediatric Cancer Treatment Is Possible in the Midst of a Refugee Crisis

Six years into Lebanon’s refugee crisis, St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital and the Children’s Cancer Center of Lebanon at the American University of Beirut Medical Center offer a blueprint for effective childhood cancer treatment during tur...

– St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Cancer, February 28, 2018

Embargo expired on 28-Feb-2018 at 09:00 ET

Mayor probabilidad de insuficiencia cardíaca en supervivientes de cáncer de mama y linfoma

Los pacientes con tratamiento previo para cáncer de mama o linfona tienen un riesgo tres veces mayor de sufrir insuficiencia cardíaca congestiva, que los pacientes sin cáncer. La insuficiencia cardíaca congestiva ocurre cuando el músculo cardía...

– Mayo Clinic

LXVII Annual Scientific Session

Embargo expired on 28-Feb-2018 at 08:15 ET

Study Suggests Risk of ALS Increases with More Exposure to Diesel Exhaust

People who are frequently exposed to diesel exhaust while on the job may have a higher risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and that risk may increase with greater exposure, according to a preliminary study released today that will be present...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

American Academy of Neurology’s 70th Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 27-Feb-2018 at 16:00 ET

Diabetes Drug Use During Pregnancy Linked to Child’s Weight

When women take the common diabetes medication metformin during pregnancy, it may put their children at increased risk of having obesity or overweight.

– Endocrine Society

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

Embargo expired on 27-Feb-2018 at 14:00 ET

Alcohol Intervention for Emerging Adults Who Are Not Attending College

Emerging adulthood (between ages 18-25) is a period of critical vulnerability for problematic alcohol use. A substantial amount of research has examined alcohol risks in college-student populations, while much less research has focused on emerging ad...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 27-Feb-2018 at 10:00 ET

Saline Use On The Decline At Vanderbilt Following Landmark Studies

Vanderbilt University Medical Center is encouraging its medical providers to stop using saline as intravenous fluid therapy for most patients, a change provoked by two companion landmark studies released today that are anticipated to improve survival...

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center

New England Journal of Medicine; Society of Critical Care Medicine Conference

Embargo expired on 27-Feb-2018 at 17:00 ET

Brain-Gut Communication in Worms Demonstrates How Organs Can Work Together to Regulate Lifespan

Our bodies are not just passively growing older

– University of Michigan

Genes & Development

Embargo expired on 27-Feb-2018 at 17:00 ET

Heart Failure More Likely for Some Breast Cancer and Lymphoma Survivors

Patients who were treated for breast cancer or lymphoma are more than three times at risk for developing congestive heart failure, compared with patients who did not have cancer. Congestive heart failure is when the heart muscle does not pump blood a...

– Mayo Clinic

American College of Cardiology’s 67th Annual Scientific Session

Embargo expired on 28-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET

Gene-editing Reduces Triglycerides, Cholesterol by Up to 50 Percent, Finds Penn Animal Study

Blood plasma samples from a mouse that received the Angptl3 CRISPR treatment (right) and a mouse that was untreated (left). The cloudiness of the sample on the left is from the high content of cholesterol and triglycerides.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Circulation; T32-HL007843, T32-GM007170, R01-HL118744, R01-HL126875



– Mayo Clinic

Mayo Clinic Proceedings

Engineer Develops Enabling Technology for Emerging Gene Therapies

For years, researchers have attempted to harness the full potential of gene therapy, a technique that inserts genes into a patient’s cells to treat cancer and other diseases. However, inserting engineered DNA molecules into cells is difficult. A te...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Scientific Reports

AMP Publishes Recommendations for Clinical CYP2C19 Genotyping Allele Selection

AMP has published consensus, evidence-based recommendations to aid clinical laboratory professionals when designing and validating clinical CYP2C19 assays, promote standardization of testing across different laboratories and complement existing clini...

– Association for Molecular Pathology

The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics

IU Research Suggests Failed Osteoarthritis Drug Could Get New Life as Opioid-Addiction Treatment

A new study from Indiana University suggests that a compound previously tested to treat osteoarthritis pain appears to block neuropathic pain and decrease signs of opioid dependence.

– Indiana University

Molecular Pharmacology; DA041229; DA009158; DA021696; CA200417

Fewer Americans Think Smoking A Pack A Day Poses A Great Health Risk

About 3 out of 4 Americans agree that smoking cigarettes causes health problems, but public perception of the risks posed by smoking may be declining, according to a Duke Health study published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

– Duke Health

Drug and Alcohol Dependence; K01DA043413

includes video

More doctors follow the money, more nurse practitioners follow the need

The rural physician shortage is well-established, and there's the notion that doctors don't necessarily establish their practices where need for health care is greatest––in poor and unhealthy communities

– University of Michigan

Journal of General Internal Medicine

When Treating Athletes for Heat Stroke, "Cool First, Transport Second"

Athletes who suffer life-threatening heat stroke should be cooled on site before they are taken to the hospital, according to an expert panel's report published in the journal Prehospital Emergency Care. The principle of "cool first, transport second...

– Loyola University Health System

Prehospital Emergency Care

Jekyll and Hyde and Seek

Writing in the February 27 online issue of Science Signaling, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center describe how a signaling protein that normally suppresses tumors can be manipulated (or re-pro...

– University of California San Diego Health

Science Signaling

Immune System Activation in Pregnant Women Can Shape Brain Development in Their Babies

A study in the Journal of Neuroscience reveals that activation of a pregnant mother’s immune system can affect her baby’s brain development. Researchers at CHLA, found that short- and long-term brain functioning can be influenced by immune system...

– Children's Hospital Los Angeles Saban Research Institute

Journal of Neuroscience, Feb. 26 2018; MH093677-05; KL2 TR001874 and 000081

New Toolkit Puts Spotlight on Coal and Health in Three Turkish Cities

Massive investments into new coal power generation are being planned in Turkey, worsening an already poor air quality situation and threatening people’s health.

– Health and Environment Alliance (HEAL)

Sperm Analysis Kit Promises ‘Hassle-free’ Approach to Accurately Test Male Fertility at Home

To address embarrassing, inconvenient and costly male fertility testing, researchers from FAU are developing a home-based kit that accurately, quantitatively, and quickly, provides a complete semen evaluation using microfluidics, an app and a smartph...

– Florida Atlantic University


includes video

A Series of Rare Heart Surgeries Saved Angelique Garcia; Now She Can Sing, Dance and Visit the Aquarium

Before Angelique Garcia was born, doctors at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) knew she had a severe form of congenital heart disease called complete atrioventricular canal defect (CAVC).

– Childrens Hospital Los Angeles

Little Red Hats Bring Lots of Love to Babies at Hackensack University Medical Center

Hackensack University Medical Center participates in the American Heart Association’s Little Hats, Big Hearts program to empower new moms to live heart-healthy while raising awareness of congenital heart defects

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Tipsheet - Feb. 2018

The February Fred Hutch tip sheet includes story ideas ranging from cancer immunotherapy to cloud computing, flu prevention for cancer patients, cystine-dense peptides found in many deadly venoms, gene therapies, serendipitous findings and more.

– Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Colorectal Cancer Research and Prevention: Innovation, Progress and Promise

Innovation and progress in cancer research and care are the result of collaboration and resources. This advancement also extends to cancer prevention and education, but more emphasis on these areas is needed -- especially when it comes to colorectal...

Expert Available

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Virginia Mason Named One of 50 Best Hospitals in Nation for Second Year

Virginia Mason Medical Center announced today that for the second straight year it has received the America’s 50 Best Hospitals Award from Healthgrades, the leading online consumer resource for comprehensive information about hospitals and physicia...

– Virginia Mason Medical Center

American Society of Anesthesiologists and ASA Industry Supporters Announce Scholarship Program for its Perioperative Surgical Home Learning Collaborative

The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) is pleased to announce grant funding for institutions interested in participating in the Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) Learning Collaborative 2020 from ASA Industry Supporters Mallinckrodt Pharmaceu...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research and Georgetown University Launch Research, Education Collaboration

A new collaboration established between Georgetown University and the Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research aims to expand both institutions’ research and training missions in the biomedical sciences.

– Georgetown University Medical Center

Hackensack Meridian Health Welcomes William F. Faverzani as Vice President, Senior Operations Officer of Children’s Enterprise

Hackensack Meridian Health is pleased to welcome William F. Faverzani, FACHE, MPA, as vice president, senior operations officer of Children’s Enterprise. Throughout his more than 20 years of experience in health care administration, Mr. Faverzani ...

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Speakers Announced for 2018 Experimental Biology Meeting

Leading scientists will present cutting-edge research and discuss critical issues affecting the life sciences at the 2018 Experimental Biology meeting, the premier annual meeting of five scientific societies to be held April 21–25 in San Diego.

– Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)

The 2018 Experimental Biology meeting, April 21-25

Science News

Novel Genome Platform Reveals New HIV Targets

SBP researchers have developed the first ever high-throughput, genome-scale imaging-based approach to investigate protein stability. The method has been used to identify several previously unknown human proteins that HIV degrades to enhance its infec...

– Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Cell Reports.; P01 AI090935; R01 AI124843; R01 AI105184; R01 AI127302, ; P01 CA177322

Embargo expired on 27-Feb-2018 at 12:00 ET

Mudsnails Provide Water Quality Indicators

A tiny snail could be a big help to researchers measuring water quality along the U.S. and Canadian Atlantic coast.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Journal of Environmental Quality, November 9, 2017

Scientists Confirm Century-Old Speculation on the Chemistry of a High-Performance Battery

Scientists have discovered a novel chemical state, first proposed about 90 years ago, that enables a high-performance, low-cost sodium-ion battery. The battery could quickly and efficiently store and distribute energy produced by solar panels and win...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Communications, Feb. 28, 2018

Newly Discovered CRISPR Mechanism May Help Prevent Dangerous Errors

Researchers at The Ohio State University report that they’ve figured out the mechanism by which the CRISPR gene-editing enzyme Cas9 determines where and when to cut DNA strands—a discovery that could help prevent gene-cutting errors.

– Ohio State University

Journal of the American Chemical Society

Why Are Some Mushrooms “Magic?”

Psychedelic mushrooms likely developed their “magical” properties to trip up fungi-munching insects, suggests new research. The work helps explain a biological mystery and could open scientific doors to studies of novel treatments for neurologica...

– Ohio State University

Evolution Letters

New Research Illustrates How Birds Help to Produce Rare Wild Chili Peppers

A new study involving Iowa State University scientists explores how birds in the Mariana Islands help to disperse the seeds of a wild chili plant. The research highlights the unique ways different species help one another, a concept known as mutualis...

– Iowa State University

Ecological Applications 27 February 2018

Wind and Solar Power Could Meet Four-Fifths of U.S. Electricity Demand, Study Finds

The United States could reliably meet about 80 percent of its electricity demand with solar and wind power generation, according to scientists at the University of California, Irvine; the California Institute of Technology; and the Carnegie Instituti...

– University of California, Irvine

Energy & Environmental Science, Feb-2018

Largest Chinook Salmon Disappearing From West Coast

The largest and oldest Chinook salmon — fish also known as "kings" and prized for their exceptional size — have mostly disappeared along the West Coast, according to a University of Washington-led study.

– University of Washington

Fish and Fisheries, Feb-2018

American Service Industry Approaching a ‘Tipping Point’

The average rate at which Americans tip for services has been increasing steadily for decades, but the practice has been branded over the years as classist, anti-egalitarian, and downright undemocratic, leading some restaurateurs to abandon it. A new...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)


A Marriage of Light-Manipulation Technologies

Researchers from Argonne and Harvard University built a metasurface-based lens atop a Micro-Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) platform. The result is a new, infrared light-focusing system that combines the best features of both technologies while redu...

– Argonne National Laboratory

APL Photonics, Feb-2018

Plasma Bubbles Help Trigger Massive Magnetic Events in Outer Space

Scientists at PPPL have discovered key conditions that give rise to fast magnetic reconnection, the process that triggers solar flares, auroras, and geomagnetic storms that can disrupt signal transmissions and other electrical activities, including c...

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

The Astrophysical Journal, Nov-2017

Rutgers Personal Bioblitz Connects People with Nature

When Lena Struwe was hiking in the Monteverde Cloud Forest Biological Reserve in Costa Rica three years ago, she spotted a yellowish harvestman, a spider-type animal, on a hiking trail rail and took a photo with her camera. It turned out her photo of...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

UCI-Led Study Links Racial Discrimination to Greater Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Racial discrimination can have serious health consequences. A new study led by the University of California, Irvine has found that more self-reported incidents among black and Latino adults corresponded to higher blood pressure levels, putting these ...

– University of California, Irvine

Ethnicity & Health, Jan-2018

How Do Teachers Integrate STEM into K-12 Classrooms?

New teaching standards like the Next Generation Science Standards call for weaving science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) into classrooms better. What makes this integration effective?

– Michigan Technological University

International Journal of STEm Education; NSF DRL-1238140

A Better Way for Families to Care for the Dying

Rutgers palliative care expert Judy Barberio gives patients and their families strategies on how to ease the transition to end-of-life care

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

WVU Center for Excellence in STEM Education receives $100,000 Eberly Foundation grant to expand WVUteach program

Through WVUteach, the West Virginia University Center for Excellence in STEM Education is set to produce nearly 25 STEM teachers each year, accelerating the pace of placing certified teachers in vacant West Virginia classrooms. A $100,000 grant from ...

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

Business News

When Disaster Doesn't Strike: New Book Explores the Study of Highly Reliable Organizations

A new book edited by researchers at Vanderbilt University's Owen Graduate School of Management and the University of California, Berkeley's Haas School of Business offers research insights from the study of Highly Reliable Organizations (HROs), a fie...

– University of California, Berkeley Haas School of Business





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