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Friday, March 2, 2018

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Medical News

Sedative May Prevent Delirium in the ICU

A low dose of the sedative dexmedetomidine given at night may prevent delirium in critically ill patients, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Embargo expired on 02-Mar-2018 at 00:15 ET

Eating Fish May Be Tied to a Reduced Risk of MS

Eating fish at least once a week or eating fish one to three times per month in addition to taking daily fish oil supplements may be associated with a reduced risk of multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a preliminary study released today that will ...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

American Academy of Neurology’s 70th Annual Meeting; National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Embargo expired on 01-Mar-2018 at 16:00 ET

New Research May Explain the Link Between Hemodialysis and Brain Function Decline

• In a group of older patients undergoing hemodialysis, cerebral blood flow declined by 10%, from before the start to the end of hemodialysis. • Cerebral blood flow declined in all brain regions that were examined, including the frontal, pariet...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology doi: 10.1681/ASN.2017101088

Embargo expired on 01-Mar-2018 at 17:00 ET

Focusing on Cholera Hotspots Could Cut Africa’s Cholera Burden in Half

Better targeting at the district and neighborhood level could make anti-cholera efforts much more effective and dramatically reduce the burden of this disease, according to two new studies led by scientists at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Embargo expired on 01-Mar-2018 at 18:30 ET

Multimodal Approach to Pain Management Reduces Opioid Use, Prescriptions After Joint Replacement

A multimodal approach to pain management (using two or more different methods or medications to manage pain) rather than using opioids alone was associated with a decrease in opioid use, opioid prescriptions and common opioid-related complications in...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

Embargo expired on 01-Mar-2018 at 13:30 ET

Deeper Look at Biopsy Exposes Mutation Ready to Ambush Drug Combination

A powerful resistance mutation that appeared to emerge in melanoma after a patient received a targeted therapy combination, instead was lurking in the tumor all along, primed to thwart treatment before it began, researchers at The University of Texas...

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

Here's How Viruses Inactivate the Immune System, Causing Cancer

"The same mechanisms that viruses use to cause cancer may be key in combating tumors with immune-based therapies or in keeping cancer from developing in the first place," says Sharon Kuss-Duerkop, PhD.

– University of Colorado Cancer Center

Viruses; T32 AI052066; R01 AI091968 ; R01 DE026125

Johns Hopkins Researchers Invent New Technology for Cancer Immunotherapy

Johns Hopkins researchers have invented a new class of cancer immunotherapy drugs that are more effective at harnessing the power of the immune system to fight cancer. This new approach, which was reported in Nature Communications, results in a signi...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Nature Communications; R01CA184199, SPOREP50DE019032

Tapeworms Could Prevent, Treat Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Children

New research suggests that parasitic worms could someday help prevent or treat pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

– American Physiological Society (APS)

American Journal of Physiology—Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

Mothers Need Better Safe Infant Feeding Support Post-Disaster, UGA Study Finds

A new study from the University of Georgia highlights the need for humanitarian aid groups to be trained in safe infant and young child feeding protocols, following the 2015 earthquake in Nepal, which killed nearly 9,000 people and damaged almost hal...

– University of Georgia

Small Trial of Omega Fatty Acid Supplementation in Toddlers Born Preterm Shows Promising Results: Larger Scale Trial Indicated

Researchers have shown that omega fatty acid supplements may improve autism spectrum disorder symptoms in toddlers who were born very preterm. Dr. Keim and her team conducted a study where 31 toddlers who were born prematurely participated. For 3 mon...

– Nationwide Children's Hospital

The Journal of Nutrition


在美国心脏病学会(American College of Cardiology)第67届年度科学会议上发表的Mayo Clinic的一项研究表明,接受乳腺癌(breast cancer)或淋巴瘤(lymphoma)治疗的患者发生充血性心力衰竭(congestive h...

– Mayo Clinic

Mayo Clinic presented at the 67th Annual Scientific Meeting

New Research Points to Better Way to Treat Depression

Scientists on the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered a new target for treating major depressive disorder, a disease that affects more than 16 million American adults.

– Scripps Research Institute

eLife, Feb. 2018; MH105482; HL105550; DA01992; MH107460; 762 DC014093

They Grin, You Bear It. Research Reveals Physical Impact of a Smile

Research led by Jared Martin, a psychology graduate student at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, shows that smiles meant to convey dominance are associated with a physical reaction — a spike in stress hormones — in their targets. On the othe...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Scientific Reports

Patients with Severe Head Injuries Have Better Outcomes when Treated by Trauma Centers, Even if it Means Bypassing Other Hospitals

Patients who sustain severe head injuries tend to have better outcomes if they are taken to a designated trauma center, but 44 percent of them are first taken to hospitals without these specialized care capabilities, according to new research from th...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Journal of the American College of Surgeons

Obesity Paradox Debunked

A new study debunks the “obesity paradox,” a counterintuitive finding that showed people who have been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease live longer if they are overweight or obese compared with people who are normal weight at the time of dia...

– Northwestern University

JAMA Cardiology

Virginia Mason Physician Writes Step-by-Step Therapy Guide for Ending Insomnia without Drugs

People who suffer from insomnia could be cured of the dangerous sleep disorder by following a six-week, drug-free regimen recommended by a sleep physician at Virginia Mason Medical Center.

– Virginia Mason Medical Center

Fight Colorectal Cancer Launches Annual One Million Strong Campaign Alongside Courageous Celebrities, Supporters

Yesterday Fight Colorectal Cancer rang the NASDAQ opening bell alongside survivors and partners from the PGA TOUR in Tucson and also from the Times Square NASDAQ tower on the heels of March, Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month. Today, the country’s l...

– Fight Colorectal Cancer

The Medical Minute: Are You at Increased Risk for Colorectal Cancer?

Most people know doctors recommend a colonoscopy at age 50 to screen for colorectal cancers. What they might not realize is that earlier screening may be necessary if they have a family history of colorectal cancer or other diseases.

– Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

Compound in Red Wine, Chocolate Prevents Smallpox Virus Cousins From Replicating

The secret to stopping some viruses from making people sick might be hidden in red wine and chocolate — but that doesn't mean having more bonbons and vino is in order, Kansas State University researchers say.

– Kansas State University

includes video

2018 State-of-the-Art Clinical Symposium Highlights Precision Medicine to Treat Rheumatic Diseases

The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) will hold its annual State-of-the-Art Clinical Symposium (SOTA) in Chicago, IL, on April 13-15, which features groundbreaking rheumatology research and roundtable discussions.

– American College of Rheumatology (ACR)

2018 ACR State-of-the-Art Clinical Symposium

A One-Stop Shop for Colorectal Cancer Care

UAB Medicine recently established a colorectal oncology clinic to provide a hassle-free experience for diagnosis and treatment.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Toxicological Concerns in Older Adults, a Neglected Majority

Despite a worldwide increase in individuals aged 60 or older, few issues in toxicological science associated with the aging process have been addressed, and the elderly remain a largely understudied, vulnerable population. SOT hosting meeting to disc...

– Society of Toxicology

How "Brittle" Diabetes was Cured by Pancreas Transplant

A pancreas transplant cured Anthony Law of his life-threatening "brittle" diabetes. Before his transplant, Mr. Law had extreme swings in blood sugar levels. His family had to wake him up every two hours to ensure his sugars were in a normal range. To...

– Loyola University Health System

includes video

Rare Side Effect of Flu Puts Young Men at Risk

This year’s flu season has been one of the worst in recent memory causing thousands of people to be hospitalized. The virus can be particularly dangerous for young men who can experience nerve damage caused by the body’s response to the flu.

Expert Available

– Houston Methodist

New Procedure Brings Chemo to Melanoma

Surgical oncologist Dr. Cristina O’Donoghue is one of less than 30 surgeons in the country to trained to perform isolated limb infusion, which delivers high doses of chemotherapy to an affected arm or leg but not the rest of the body

Expert Available

– Rush University Medical Center

American Chiropractic Association Members Advocate for Veterans Health, Student Debt Relief


– American Chiropractic Association

Henry Ford Health System to Set New Standard for Patient Care Utilizing accesso’s Newest Technology, The Experience Engine (TE2)

accesso, the premier technology solutions provider to leisure, entertainment, cultural and hospitality markets has chosen Henry Ford Health System as its first ever healthcare partner.

– Henry Ford Health System

Loyola Medicine Acquires MacNeal Hospital and Affiliated Operations

Loyola Medicine has finalized the acquisition of MacNeal Hospital and its affiliated operations from Tenet Healthcare. The acquisition also includes Chicago Health System, Chicago Market Laboratories, Inc. and some physicians of Chicago Health Medica...

– Loyola University Health System

Fred Hutch announces 2018 Harold M. Weintraub Graduate Student Award recipients

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has announced the 2018 recipients of the annual Harold M. Weintraub Graduate Student Award, which recognizes outstanding achievement in graduate studies in the biological sciences. Nominations for this prestigio...

– Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Fred Hutch

Science News

Special JACR Issue Focuses on Data Science and Artificial Intelligence in Medical Imaging

A new special issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology (JACR) addresses clinical, regulatory, technological, societal and ethical challenges faced as medical imaging artificial intelligence (AI) use advances.

– American College of Radiology (ACR)

Journal of the American College of Radiology

Embargo expired on 02-Mar-2018 at 08:00 ET

Two Species of Ravens Nevermore? New Research Finds Evidence of 'Speciation Reversal'

A new study almost 20 years in the making provides some of the strongest evidence yet of the "speciation reversal" phenomenon in two lineages of Common Ravens.

– University of Washington

Nature Communications, Mar-2018

Embargo expired on 02-Mar-2018 at 05:00 ET

“Supercolony” of Adélie Penguins Discovered in Antarctica

For the past 40 years, the total number of Adélie Penguins, one of the most common on the Antarctic peninsula, has been steadily declining—or so biologists have thought. A new study however, is providing new insights on this species of penguin.

– Stony Brook University

Scientific Reports

Embargo expired on 02-Mar-2018 at 05:00 ET

NASA Finds a Large Amount of Water in an Exoplanet's Atmosphere

Scientists using NASA's Hubble and Spitzer space telescopes have found a larger than expected amount of water in the atmosphere of WASP-39b, a hot, bloated, Saturn-mass exoplanet located about 700 light-years from Earth. Though no planet like this re...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astronomical Journal, Jan-2018

What Zombie Ants Are Teaching Us About Fungal Infections: Q & A with Entomologists David Hughes and Maridel Fredericksen

I can still remember that giddy feeling I had seven years ago, when I first read about the “zombie ant.” The story was gruesome and fascinating

– NIH, National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)


Discovery of a New Microbe that Produces Methane in Oxygenated Soils

Global models may be underestimating net wetland methane emissions.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Communications 8, 1567 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-01753-4]

A Bird in the Bush Equals Money in the Hand

A new study by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and Foundations of Success (FOS) finds that an ecotourism strategy based on “direct payments,” where local people are compensated for the amount of wildlife seen by tourists, has resulted in ...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

The Nucleus: Coming Soon in 3D!

Physicians have long used CT scans to get 3D imagery of the inner workings of the human body. Now, physicists are working toward getting their first CT scans of the inner workings of the nucleus. A measurement of quarks in helium nuclei published las...

– Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Physical Review Letters

Just Conservation: Environmental Issues and Social Justice Commingle

Social justice and environmental conservation are considered great values in our society. However, in some conservation efforts, conflicts arise. A team led by Michigan Technological University explore ethical frameworks to resolve these conflicts.

– Michigan Technological University

Biological Conservation, Feb-2018

Seismic Performance of a Building Subjected to Intermediate Seismic Shaking

Results from a recent study show that a prescriptive code-based approach can lead to critical underestimation of seismic demands.

– American Concrete Institute (ACI)

ACI Structural Journal March 2018

Researchers Discover Evidence of Forgotten Memories in Sea Slug Brains

Drs. Bob and Irina Calin-Jageman have discovered genetic changes in the brains of sea slugs that indicate learning can outlast recall. Their breakthrough reveals that molecular fragments may persist in the sea slug brain, after memory has faded, and ...

– Dominican University

Learning & Memory, Jan-2018

Hold Hands to Ease a Lover’s Pain and Your Brains Couple Up Too, New Study Shows

Reach for the hand of a loved one in pain and not only will your breathing and heart rate synchronize with theirs, your brain wave patterns will couple up.

– University of Colorado Boulder

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Assessing the Impact of Hurricanes on Puerto Rico’s Forests

Building on methods they used to assess the impact of hurricanes such as Katrina, Gustav, and Rita on forests and tree mortality, scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have produced a rapid mapping of the disturbance inte...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Release online

Discovery shows wine grapes gasping for breath

University of Adelaide researchers have discovered how grapes “breathe”, and that shortage of oxygen leads to cell death in the grape. The discovery raises many questions about the potentially significant impacts on grape and wine quality and fla...

– University of Adelaide

Journal of Experimental Botany

Story Tips From the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, March 2018

ORNL model could better predict tiny methylmercury pockets lurking in creek algae; engines work smarter with new fuel innovation; making narrow metallic structures to advance tiny electronics, drug delivery; certain enzymes that try to break down ant...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Report: Climate Change to Bring Heat, Precipitation to Indiana

A new report from the IN CCIA shows Hoosiers should expect to see a significant increase in temperatures and precipitation.

– University of Notre Dame

NYS Vintners Enhance Wine Quality with Latest Yeast Research

Patrick Gibney, assistant professor in the department of food science at Cornell University, is on a mission to help New York state wineries. Gibney is working out how metabolic pathways within a yeast cell determine those changes, with implications ...

– Cornell University

includes video

March Madness: DePaul University Math Prof Talks Longshot Odds of Picking Perfect Bracket

As college basketball fans get set to fill out their brackets this March Madness, DePaul University mathematics professor Jeff Bergen offers some perspective on the odds of creating the perfect bracket. It’s more likely, said Bergen, to win Powerba...

Expert Available

– DePaul University

WVU’s Jutla Earns Prestigious NSF CAREER Award

Antar Jutla, assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at West Virginia University, has earned a prestigious CAREER award from the National Science Foundation for his research on how extreme events and enhanced climatic variability i...

– West Virginia University

Registration for IFT18: A Matter of Science + Food Now Open

Registration is now open for IFT18: A Matter of Science + Food in Chicago, July 15-18 at McCormick Place. Hosted by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), IFT18 will convene food science and technology thought leaders and decision-makers from mor...

– Institute of Food Technologists (IFT)

IFT18: A Matter of Science + Food in Chicago

PNNL Helps Form International Energy Storage Organization

News Release DALIAN, China — Energy storage allows power operators across the nation to balance electricity supply and demand instantaneously, affording ratepayers a more resilient power supply.Now the focus on energy storage is global. In January,...

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Selfies Drive Self-Image and May Lead Many to Seek Plastic Surgery

Rutgers and Stanford researchers develop new mathematical model to explain how smartphones act as “portable funhouse mirrors”

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery

Companies Have Little Incentive to Fight Workplace Sexual Harassment

New research by Vanderbilt economist Joni Hersch finds there are not strong enough incentives to push companies to eliminate or mitigate the risk of workplace sexual harassment.

– Vanderbilt University

Georgetown Journal of International Affairs

No Laughing Matter, Yet Humor Inspires Climate Change Activism

Melting icecaps, mass flooding, megadroughts and erratic weather are no laughing matter. However, a new study shows that humor can be an effective means to inspire young people to pursue climate change activism. At the same time, fear proves to be an...

– Cornell University

Journal of Communication, Feb - 2018

Will Trump Admin Tax Cuts Lead to More Hiring, Increased Wages? Not According to UVA Darden CFO Roundtable Members

CFOs from leading publicly traded and private equity-held companies based in the Washington, D.C., region shared their insights on Trump's tax stimulus package and its impact as part of the Top-of-Mind topic — It’s All About the Stimulus — at t...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

Something Special Brewing in New Darden Club

The University of Virginia Darden School of Business has dozens of student-run clubs, with areas of focus ranging from professional sectors like consulting and finance to affinity clubs like Graduate Women in Business and those focused on athletic pu...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

New Research Models How Artists Can Benefit from Retaining Equity in Work

What would happen if the artists Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg had retained 10 percent equity in the artwork sold in the start-up phase of their careers? This question is the focus of a new study from Amy Whitaker, NYU Steinhardt School of Cul...

– New York University

Study Looks to Help More New Mothers with Postpartum Depression

Backed by a $3.6 million National Institutes of Health grant, a Michigan State University researcher is looking to reduce postpartum depression by expanding a preventative program that has already shown it can cut the postpartum depression rate in ha...

– Michigan State University

UNC Charlotte Names Mike Hill of the University of Florida as 49ers Athletics Director

Chancellor Philip L. Dubois has announced the appointment of Mike Hill as the next Director of Athletics at UNC Charlotte. Hill, currently Executive Associate Athletics Director for External Affairs at the University of Florida, will assume his resp...

– University of North Carolina at Charlotte

The CSU’s New Data Center: A Win for Students and Campuses

The recently upgraded center ensures the CSU's 23 campuses can be nimble and responsive to the changing needs of their students, faculty and staff.

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

New Faculty-in-Residence Ben Gorvine Named to Join Willard Hall

Psychology Professor Benjamin Gorvine has been named Faculty-in-Residence at the newly renovated Willard Hall and brings a wealth of experience from earlier roles at Northwestern to his new position, which starts in fall 2018.

– Northwestern University

Significant Growth Expected with Eight More Innovation Campus Projects

Eight significant projects are being built, planned or discussed for the east side of the Wichita State University campus.

– Wichita State University

Business News

Three Things: Preparing for Financial Crisis

In this Three Things video, Darden Professor and Dean Emeritus Robert Bruner discusses how we know crises will recur and how we can personally prepare for them.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

includes video

Intensive Women in STEM Leadership Program Offers Strategies to Balance Inequities

--Why is women’s presence in executive positions and senior academic posts in STEM scarcer than men? Whether it’s the influence of gender/cultural bias; the impact of tokenism, isolation due to a lack of support networks or experience with glass ...

– Stony Brook University

DHS S&T Calls for Technology Submissions for Integrated First Responder Demonstration in Houston

S&T released today a Request for Information (RFI) for participation in the Next Generation First Responder (NGFR) – Harris County Operational Experimentation (OpEx). The OpEx will take place December 3 -7, 2018, at the Port of Houston in Houston, ...

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate





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