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Wednesday, March 7, 2018

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Medical
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Medical News


Researchers Identify New Drugs That Could Help Prevent Hearing Loss

Researchers from St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital have discovered that inhibiting an enzyme called cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) protects mice and rats from noise- or drug-induced hearing loss. The study, which will be published March 7 in ...

– The Rockefeller University Press

Journal of Experimental Medicine, April 2, 2018; 2R01DC006471; 1R01DC015010-01A1; 1R01DC015444- 01; 1R21DC013879-01; CA096832; R35GM118041; P30CA21765...

Embargo expired on 07-Mar-2018 at 09:00 ET


Engineering a New Spin for Disease Diagnostics

Researchers at the National University of Singapore have created a new platform with the potential to extract tiny circulating biomarkers of disease from patient blood. This simple, fast and convenient technique could help realize liquid biopsy diagn...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Embargo expired on 06-Mar-2018 at 11:00 ET


Mapping the Genome Jungle: Unique Animal Traits Could Offer Insight into Human Disease

An interdisciplinary team of scientists at University of Utah Health are using animals' unique traits to pinpoint regions of the human genome that might affect health. The results of this project are available in the March 6 issue of the journal Cell...

– University of Utah Health

National Institutes of Health; The New York Stem Cell Foundation; The National Cancer Institute

Embargo expired on 06-Mar-2018 at 12:00 ET


Literacy Deficiencies Restrict Access to Cognitive-Behavioral Pain Therapy

Although impressive scientific evidence shows that pain self-management programs based on cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBT) are effective, they would have greater utility and impact if simplified appropriately for persons with below average litera...

– American Pain Society

American Pain Society Scientific Summit

Embargo expired on 06-Mar-2018 at 11:05 ET


Effective Pain Assessments Achieved by Targeting Multiple Pain Mechanisms

Greater understanding of complex, underlying pain mechanisms, which are different in most pain patients, holds promise to improve the quality and precision of clinical pain assessments and help foster successful treatment outcomes. Roger B. Fillin...

– American Pain Society

American Pain Society Scientific Summit

Embargo expired on 06-Mar-2018 at 11:05 ET


Early Childhood Trauma Re-Wires the Brain, Increasing Risk for Depression

Federal researchers have discovered that severe stress or trauma early in life could actually change how the brain responds to stress hormones, essentially "re-wiring" the brain for later neuropathological disorders, according to a study, "A role for...

– Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

Science Signaling

Embargo expired on 06-Mar-2018 at 14:00 ET


MD Anderson and Berkeley Lights Launch Optera Therapeutics to Accelerate Development of Cell Therapies for Cancer

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and Berkeley Lights, Inc. today announced the launch of Optera Therapeutics Corp, a biopharmaceutical company developing cell therapies with scalable manufacturing solutions for cancer.

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

Embargo expired on 07-Mar-2018 at 07:30 ET


AARDA Hosts First OKC Autoimmune Walk on March 24

The first-ever Autoimmune Walk in Oklahoma City to bring patients, family members, friends and advocates together for a shared cause.

– American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association (AARDA)

Embargo expired on 07-Mar-2018 at 07:30 ET


MRI Can Help Detect Prostate Cancer, Reduce Unnecessary Biopsies

In a collaborative, multi-institutional study published by JAMA Oncology, researchers from the University of Alabama at Birmingham, University of Chicago, and National Cancer Institute determined that MRI-based prediction models can help reduce unnec...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

JAMA Oncology


Cognitive Decline Prevalent Among Elderly Patients with Hematologic Cancers, Study Finds

A sizable percentage of elderly patients with blood-related cancers such as leukemia and multiple myeloma are apt to show signs of diminished cognitive functioning

– Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

JAMA Oncology


Study: Pain's Origins May Be Significantly Different in Males and Females

New research from The University of Texas at Dallas supports the growing consensus that pain begins differently for men and women at the cellular level.

– University of Texas at Dallas

The Journal of Neuroscience


CRISPR Enhances Cancer Immunotherapy

Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have used the gene-editing technology CRISPR to engineer human T cells that can attack human T cell cancers. The new approach also eliminates a dangerous side-effect called graft-ver...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Leukemia


Study Finds Discrepancy between Doctor Reviews on Hospital Websites and Reviews on Independent Physician Rating Sites

A study at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) found a discrepancy between doctor reviews provided by hospital websites and those posted on independent physician rating websites such as Healthgrades.com and Vitals.com.

– Hospital for Special Surgery

Orthopedics


Study: “Dual Mobility” Hip Replacement Reduces Risk of Dislocation

...

– Hospital for Special Surgery

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting


Research Finds Little Difference Among Diet Plans’ Long-Term Effectiveness

Whether you pick low-carb, low fat or another diet plan, scientific research indicates each can help some people achieve modest long-term weight loss with potential improvement in health risks, according to the Scientific Statement the Endocrine Soci...

– Endocrine Society

Endocrine Reviews


Mouse Healing May Reveal Targets to Delay or Prevent Human Heart Failure

A study of mouse healing after severe heart attacks focused on the heart and spleen, measuring types and numbers of immune cells; types and amounts of lipid signaling compounds; expression of enzymes that produce those signaling compounds; and which ...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Science Signaling; AT006704; HL132989; GM095467 ; GM038765-30; POST31000008


Roswell Park Familial Ovarian Cancer Registry Data Link Ovarian and Testicular Cancer

Using data from a large ovarian cancer registry, a research team from Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center uncovered a link between testicular cancer and familial ovarian cancer that may be attributable to genetic factors on the X chromosome.

– Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center

Cancer Epidemiology, Cancer Epidemiology Volume 53, April 2018, Pages 184–186


Integrative Care Increases Access to Mental Health Services for African Americans

Compared to white Americans, African Americans are disproportionately affected by mental illnesses. New York University professor Norissa Williams found one healthcare model which can help change that and increase access and utilization of mental hea...

– New York University

Best Practices in Mental Health


Treating Hypothyroidism to Stop a Stubborn Surgical Complication

For the first time, researchers have linked radiation-damaged thyroid glands to poor surgical outcomes. The solution may be as simple as a common hormone supplement. Researchers at the University of Michigan have discovered a link between low thyroid...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Annals of Surgical Oncology


50-Year-Old Woman Thrives in Exercise Boot Camp, Refuses to Let Pacemaker Hold Her Back

Julie Work always ate healthy and exercised regularly. Then, she passed out behind the wheel, went to a cardiologist and learned she needed a pacemaker. After recovery, she signed up for exercise boot camp and pushed herself to the limit. She needed ...

– Beaumont Health

includes video


‘Mothers in Medicine’ Provides Guidelines for Navigating Both Medical Careers and Motherhood

The George Washington University's Katherine Chretien, MD, created a guidebook with over a dozen women in medicine, to help those navigating both medical careers and motherhood.

– George Washington University


Stony Brook Launches Three-Year MD Program

Stony Brook University School of Medicine has created a new medical training curriculum that enables students to complete their MD degree in three years instead of the traditional four years.

– Stony Brook Medicine


Cedars-Sinai Amputee Patient Gets "Bionic Leg"

Christopher Rowles, 59, was sidelined after losing half of his leg to amputation in 2011. Thanks to a new technique called osseointegration, he's back to pursuing his favorite hobby -- river fishing. Rowles is one of the first people in the country t...

– Cedars-Sinai


Let It Ride: Expanding Diagnostic Services in Ghana Through Ride-Sharing

Michigan Medicine doctors develop a smartphone application -- basically an Uber approach -- to connect scarcely resourced regional health centers with drivers willing to transport patient samples to well-equipped labs for testing.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan


Smart Sleep Steps to Prepare for Daylight Saving Time

Dr. Alon Avidan, a professor of neurology and director of the UCLA Sleep Disorders Center, has these suggestions to help people adapt more quickly.

Expert Available

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences


What You Don’t Know About Valley Fever Could Hurt You

CSU Bakersfield microbiology professor Antje Lauer says the state is tracking toward an epidemic of the infectious lung disease.

Expert Available

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office


UK Professor Assists with Development of Guidelines for Treating Opioid Use Disorder

Dr. Michelle Lofwall was among the experts tapped to assist in the development of guidelines regarding the use of medication in the treatment of opioid use disorder.

Expert Available

– University of Kentucky


Dana-Farber’s Bank of Patient-Derived Tumor Xenografts Gets Major Boost From Novartis

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute is establishing a bank of patient-derived xenograft models of more than 750 human tumors.

– Dana-Farber Cancer Institute


Thousands Attend 2018 AAD Annual Meeting in San Diego

The American Academy of Dermatology’s 2018 Annual Meeting, which took place Feb. 16-20, drew more than 18,750 attendees from 100 countries to the San Diego Convention Center.

– American Academy of Dermatology


AACC Welcomes Susan Medick as Chief Financial Officer

AACC, a global scientific and medical professional organization dedicated to better health through laboratory medicine, is pleased to announce that Susan Medick has been named chief financial officer (CFO) for the association, effective today.

– American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC)


The Healthy Scratch Opens on Roswell Park Campus

The second location of The Healthy Scratch opened on Roswell Park’s campus. The grab-and-go café provides patients, visitors and employees with a new option for clean eating – and for foods and juices that may help to keep cancer at bay.

– Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center


Center for Drug Use and HIV/HCV Research at NYU Meyers Receives $7.5 Million in NIH Funding, Marking Center’s 20th Anniversary

The National Institute for Drug Abuse has awarded NYU Meyers’ Center for Drug Use and HIV/HCV Research (CDUHR) a five-year, nearly $7.5 million grant to continue the center’s research.

– New York University

P30 DA011041


Roswell Park Approved to Administer CAR T-Cell Therapy, Yescarta, to Lymphoma Patients

Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center has been officially approved to administer an FDA-approved CAR T-cell therapy, Yescarta, to lymphoma patients.

– Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center


​Comer Children's Receives Baby-Friendly USA Recognition for Offering Optimal Care to Breastfeeding Mothers

The University of Chicago Medicine has received international recognition for having a birth facility that offers exceptional care to breastfeeding mothers and their babies. The Comer Children's Hospital Family Birth Center has been designated a Baby...

– University of Chicago Medical Center


Motorcyclists to Raise Money and Awareness for Cancer Research in NM

The annual ‘Ride for the Cure NM’ motorcycle ride raises money and awareness for cancer research and treatment in New Mexico. Every dollar the raised through the ride is donated to The University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center. Last ye...

– University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center


Recovery From an Eating Disorder: How Do We Define It? What Does It Look Like? And Should It Always Be the Focus?

People who have eating disorders, their loved ones, and their health care providers usually see “recovery” as the end goal of treatment. However, it’s not clear how to best define recovery from an eating disorder.

– Academy for Eating Disorders (AED)

Science News


A Simple Trick for Modeling Calcium

Calcium ions enable cells to communicate with one another, allowing neurons to interact, muscles to contract, and the heart's muscle cells to synchronize and beat. To better understand these processes, researchers often use computer simulations, but ...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

The Journal of Chemical Physics

Embargo expired on 06-Mar-2018 at 11:00 ET


Controlling Ceramides Could Help Treat Heart Disease

SBP researchers have discovered that accumulation of ceramides—a type of lipid (fat)— plays a crucial role in lipotoxic cardiomyopathy (LCM)—a heart condition that often occurs in patients with diabetes and obesity. The study, published today ...

– Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

R01 HL054732; R01 HL132241 ; R21 HL80811

Embargo expired on 06-Mar-2018 at 12:00 ET


Staying Clean Keeps Seafish Smart

"Vet" service provided by smaller fish is key to keeping coral reefs healthy, a Canadian study finds

– Universite de Montreal

Royal Society journal Proceedings B, 07 March 2018.

Embargo expired on 06-Mar-2018 at 19:00 ET


Study Shows That Environmental Exposures Such as Air Pollution Are More Determinant of Respiratory Health Than Inherited Genetics

Researchers have found strong evidence that environmental exposures, including air pollution, affect gene expressions associated with respiratory diseases much more than genetic ancestry. The study, published today in Nature Communications, analyzed ...

– Ontario Institute for Cancer Research

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 06-Mar-2018 at 11:05 ET


Catalysts: High Performance Lies on the Edge

Iron may be more valuable than platinum. Sometimes.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science 357 (6350), 479 (2017). [DOI: 10.1126/science.aan2255]


Crop Rotation, Grazing Rebuilds Soil

Letting the soil rest can be difficult economically for farmers. Researchers experimented with crop rotation and grazing to discover the least possible amount of time it would take to allow the soil to heal.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Soil Science Society of America Journal, August 31, 2017


Hubble Finds Huge System of Dusty Material Enveloping the Young Star HR 4796A

Astronomers have used Hubble to uncover a vast, complex dust structure, about 150 billion miles across, enveloping the young star HR 4796A. A bright, narrow, inner ring of dust is already known to encircle the star and may have been corralled by the ...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astronomical Journal, Feb-2018


Teaching Computers to Guide Science: New Machine Learning Method Sees the Forests and the Trees

While it may be the era of supercomputers and “big data,” without smart methods to mine all that data, it’s only so much digital detritus. Now researchers at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


What if We Could Predict When an Athlete Was Going to Be Injured?

Published in the journal Risk Analysis, the study, “Mitigating sports injury risks using Internet of Things and analytic approaches,” outlines how injury risk screening procedures can be administered using wireless devices, such as smartphones, c...

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)

Journal of Risk Analysis


Fundamental Step Found in the Cellular Response to Stress Caused by Pathological and Pharmacological Insults

A new study conducted by researchers at The Wistar Institute revealed how a key protein residing in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) helps cells respond to stress. This process is especially important for B cells to respond to severe stress conditions ...

– Wistar Institute

Journal of Cell Biology


Lithium-Related Discovery Could Extend Battery Life and Improve Safety

New research from Arizona State University shows that using a 3-dimensional layer of Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) can mitigate dendrite formation and stands to both dramatically extend battery life and diminish safety risks.

– Arizona State University (ASU)

Nature Energy


Big Steps Toward Control of Production of Tiny Building Blocks

Article describes use of new diagnostics to advance understanding of the plasma nanosynthesis of widely used nanoparticles.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Plasma Sources Science and Technology


Graphene Promise for More Efficient Fertilisers

Fertilisers with lower environmental impacts and reduced costs for farmers are being developed by University of Adelaide researchers in the world-first use of the new advanced material graphene as a fertiliser carrier.

– University of Adelaide

Applied Materials and Interfaces


Going the Distance

Eight West Virginia University students traveled to the Galapagos Islands January 5-14 to compete at Model UN’s annual international conference.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


$60 Million Partnership Puts Cornell-NASA Eye in the Sky to Measure Desert Dust

Because deserts are located in remote regions with inhospitable conditions, they are notoriously difficult to study, especially when assessing their effect on climate change. A new $60 million collaboration between NASA and Cornell University, with c...

– Cornell University


For Blind Gamers, Equal Access to Racing Video Games

Computer Scientist Brian A. Smith has developed the RADa racing auditory displayto enable visually impaired gamers play the same types of racing games that sighted players play with the same speed, control, and excitement as sighted players. De...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

ACM CHI 2018’s Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems April 21–26

includes video


DHS S&T and HSI Collaborate on Technologies to Save Children from Abuse and Exploitation

S&T and HSI C3 are designing, developing, testing, and integrating new face recognition algorithms that will allow agents to sift through massive amounts of digital data much faster and efficiently than current manual processes.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate


Explore the “Weirdest” Stars in the Universe During Live Webcast

Join astronomer Emily Levesque for a live webcast March 7 that will explore some of the most puzzling and bizarre objects being studied by astronomers today.

Expert Available

– Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics


ACSM to Convene International, Multidisciplinary Experts on Exercise and Cancer

Roundtable will update exercise recommendations for cancer survivors, add prevention guidance

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Study Finds Differences in How Domestic Violence Victims Seek Help

A study of domestic violence victims finds that Hispanic women seek legal help more often than non-Hispanic white women, and the two groups have different reasons for remaining in abusive relationships.

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Violence Against Women, Feb.-2018

Embargo expired on 06-Mar-2018 at 16:05 ET


Reality Television Played a Key Role in Taking Trump From Apprentice to President

There are many factors that account for Donald Trump’s 2016 presidential election victory, but Americans would be doing a disservice to their understanding of the country’s political system by ignoring Trump’s 14-year starring role as a reality...

– University at Buffalo


Research Suggests Creative People Do Not Excel in Cognitive Control

A new study shows that creative people have neither a greater nor lesser ability to override impulses or engage in goal-directed thought.

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville


Uncertainty Leads to Treatment Delays for Young People with Mental Illness

Stigmas, attitudes of self-reliance and misattributing symptoms led a group of young adults experiencing their first episode of psychosis to delay seeking treatment, finds a new study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis.

– Washington University in St. Louis

Psychiatry Services


Software Aims to Reduce Food Waste by Helping Those in Need

An Iowa State University research team is testing a new online tool to provide food to those in need by reducing food waste.

– Iowa State University

Resources, Conversation and Recycling; Telematics and Informatics


Online Guide Offers Insights, Tool Kit to Help School Districts and Community Organizations Recruit Students for Voluntary Summer Learning Programs

A new summer learning recruitment guide offers guidance and detailed templates that districts and others can use to interest children and families in these programs and encourage their participation.

– Wallace Foundation


Envisioning a New Climate-Change Playbook: UVA Darden Convenes Business and Policy Leaders for DC Innovation Summit

To spur thoughtful dialogue and action, the University of Virginia Darden School of Business recently convened the Jefferson Innovation Summit 2018: Catalyzing Innovation and Entrepreneurship to Tackle Climate Change at the historic Carnegie Institut...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Babson’s Blended Learning MBA Ranked No. 3 Online MBA In U.S. By Financial Times

Financial Times (FT) ranks Babson’s Blended Learning MBA program No. 3 in the United States and No. 6 worldwide in its 2018 Online MBA ranking.

– Babson College


American University and Special Olympics Collaborate to Advance Research on Disability

American University and Special Olympics Collaborate to Advance Research on Disability

– American University


University of Redlands School of Music launches one-of-a-kind degree

Music students seeking a professional career as a choral musician can soon apply for the one-of-a-kind Master of Music in Vocal Chamber Music beginning in September 2019 at the University of Redlands, a premier private liberal arts and professional u...

– University of Redlands


UVA Darden, The Boston Consulting Group Partner on Digital Transformation Course

The University Of Virginia Darden School Of Business has partnered with the Boston Consulting Group (BCG) to create a four-week online course on digital transformation. The launch follows last year’s successful collaboration on the Pricing Strategy...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


University of Maryland, Baltimore Starts Police Athletic/Activities League Program

University of Maryland, Baltimore has launched a Police Athletic/Activities League (PAL) for kids in W. Baltimore. It is one of only two PAL programs at a university.

– University of Maryland, Baltimore

Business News


When Lenders Get Religion

A new study from the University of Iowa finds firms headquartered in more religiously observant counties have higher credit ratings and lower debt costs, evidence that suggests lenders and bondholders consider the company’s culture when deciding wh...

– University of Iowa

Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis


Customer Engagement: 4 Types and New Maps

UVA Darden Professor Rajkumar Venkatesan explains that in order for companies to really leverage customer engagement, companies and researchers need to study the buying journey in new ways.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


New Aerospace Current Conditions Index Released

Wichita State's Center for Economic Development and Business Research has released its Aerospace Current Conditions Index. The index gives a snapshot of the well-being of the national aerospace manufacturing industry using a variety of aerospace indi...

– Wichita State University


2018 P3 Impact Award Applications Are Now Open

The U.S. Department of State Office of Global Partnerships (S/GP), along with Concordia and the University of Virginia Darden School of Business Institute for Business in Society, have opened the application process for the fifth annual P3 Impact Awa...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

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