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Newswise Daily Wire
Thursday, March 8, 2018

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Medical News

Many Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors Have More Social Connections Than Peers

St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital scientists have developed a new method to measure social networks of survivors of adolescent and young adult cancer in order to cultivate the health benefits of social connections

– St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Cancer, March 8, 2018

Embargo expired on 08-Mar-2018 at 09:00 ET

New Way to Fight Sepsis: Rev Up Patients’ Immune Systems

In a clinical trial at Washington University School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center and two medical centers in France, researchers found that a drug that revs up the immune system holds promise in treating sepsis.

– Washington University in St. Louis

JCI Insight

Embargo expired on 08-Mar-2018 at 09:00 ET

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Urologist and Colleagues Address Unmet Global Burden of Surgical Disease in India

Aseem R. Shukla, MD, a pediatric urologist at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, along with several of his colleagues from around the world, have created an innovative program to help address urological needs in India. The team is specifically ad...

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

JAMA Surgery, March 7, 2018

Embargo expired on 07-Mar-2018 at 11:00 ET

Study Draws Links Between Physical Characteristics, Like Age and Body Mass Index, and Brain Health in Psychosis Patients

Mount Sinai researchers have shown, for the first time, the complex web of links between physical and behavioral characteristics, like age, body mass index (BMI), and substance use, and specific patterns of brain structure and function in patients w...

– Mount Sinai Health System

JAMA Psychiatry

Embargo expired on 07-Mar-2018 at 11:00 ET

The Brain’s Immune System May Be Key to New Alzheimer’s Treatments

SBP researchers have revealed how TREM2, a receptor found on immune cells in the brain, interacts with toxic amyloid beta proteins to restore neurological function. The research suggests boosting TREM2 levels in the brain may prevent or reduce the se...

– Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Neuron; R21 AG048519; R01 AG021173; R01 AG038710; R01 NS046673

Embargo expired on 07-Mar-2018 at 12:00 ET

Living in a Sunnier Climate as a Child and Young Adult May Reduce Risk of MS

People who live in areas where they are exposed to more of the sun’s rays, specifically UV-B rays, may be less likely to develop multiple sclerosis (MS) later in life, according to a study published in the March 7, 2018, online issue of Neurology®...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Embargo expired on 07-Mar-2018 at 16:00 ET

Epigenomic Tool Breakthrough Has Implications for Identifying Disease Processes

A major advancement has been made on how epigenomics are studied that permits mapping a genome-scale profile of epigenetic changes using less than a couple hundred of cells, a factor of 100-300 reduction in the sample amount compared to existing alte...

– Virginia Tech


Embargo expired on 07-Mar-2018 at 11:00 ET

Renowned Cardiologist Says New Blood Pressure Guidelines Not Good for All

One of the nation’s leading cardiologists is challenging the new hypertension guidelines, perhaps sparing up to 10 million people from unnecessarily aggressive blood pressure treatments. His team’s study results appear March 7 in the Journal of t...

– Houston Methodist

Journal of the American College of Cardiology

Embargo expired on 07-Mar-2018 at 14:00 ET

Tip Sheet: Johns Hopkins Researchers Present at Annual CROI Meeting

Johns Hopkins experts present at CROI 2018.

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Annual CROI Meeting

Embargo expired on 07-Mar-2018 at 10:00 ET

Rush Alzheimer’s Disease Expert Awarded Top Prize for Dementia Research

Dr. David Bennett has been awarded the 2018 Potamkin Prize for Research in Pick’s, Alzheimer’s and Related Diseases by the American Academy of Neurology and the American Brain Foundation. Sometimes referred to as the Nobel Prize of Alzheimer’s...

– Rush University Medical Center

Embargo expired on 07-Mar-2018 at 16:00 ET

Mayo Clinic’s Clinical Trial Matching Project Sees Higher Enrollment in Breast Cancer Trials Through Use of Artificial Intelligence

Mayo Clinic and IBM Watson Health today unveiled results from early use of the Watson for Clinical Trial Matching, an IBM cognitive computing system. Use of this system in the Mayo Clinic oncology practice has been associated with more patients enrol...

– Mayo Clinic

Improving Birth Outcomes One Amino Acid at a Time

A simple dietary supplement (L-arginine) was found to improve birth outcomes, paving the way for future clinical trials to test this inexpensive and safe intervention.

– University Health Network (UHN)

Science Translational Medicine, March-2018

Boosting Brain’s Immune Cell Function Reduces Alzheimer’s Symptoms in Mice

UCLA researchers engineered mice to produce more TREM2, a gene tied to Alzheimer’s disease

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences


A New Signaling Pathway Involving the Golgi Apparatus Identified in Cells With Huntington’s Disease

Working with cells grown in the lab, Johns Hopkins researchers have identified a biochemical pathway that allows a structure within cells, called the Golgi apparatus, to combat stress caused by free radicals and oxidants. The research team showed tha...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

PNAS; MH18501

When Sepsis Patients Face Brain Impairment, Is Gut Bacteria to Blame?

Halting the voyage of gut bacteria to the brain could help prevent harmful brain inflammation after a sepsis infection, a new study shows.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Fungal Brain Infection Results from Host's Own Immune Response

A new mouse study examines the fungus that causes cryptococcosis, which is a major source of illness in people with HIV and AIDS.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan


Concussions Are Common in Theater Workers

Two-thirds of theater technicians and actors have experienced head impacts related to working in theater environments, according to a survey study in the March Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Medicare’s Bundled Payment Model for Hip and Knee Surgeries Appears to Work Better For Larger, Higher-Volume Hospitals

Medicare’s experimental mandatory bundled payment model for knee and hip replacements is more likely to yield cost savings when the surgeries are performed in larger hospitals that do more of these procedures, according to a study from the Perelman...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania


High-Resolution Brain Imaging Provides Clues About Memory Loss in Older Adults

As we get older, it’s not uncommon to experience “senior moments,” in which we forget where we parked our car or call our children by the wrong names. And we may wonder: Are these memory lapses a normal part of aging, or do they signal the earl...

– University of California, Irvine

Neuron, Mar-2018

Experts Issue Recommendations to Manage Unwanted Hair Growth in Women

All women who have unwanted dark, course hair growing on the face, chest or back should undergo testing for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and other underlying health problems, Endocrine Society experts concluded in an updated Clinical Practice Gui...

– Endocrine Society

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

Mental Health Treatment for Victims of Human Trafficking – Journal of Psychiatric Practice Presents Initial Recommendations

Cognitive therapies should be considered when addressing the harmful psychological consequences of trauma in victims of human trafficking, according to a review and recommendations in the Journal of Psychiatric Practice. The journal is published by W...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Journal of Psychiatric Practice

Algorithm Shows Differences Between Nurse, Doctor Care

A multidisciplinary team of researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago has published the first quantitative study on the divergent scopes of practice for nurses and doctors. The study uniquely leveraged computer science technology to compar...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

International Journal of Medical Informatics

New Test Can Diagnose Heart Attack within an Hour

UC San Diego Health is the first hospital in California to use the fifth generation troponin test to detect damage to the heart. The test was approved in the United States in 2017.

– University of California San Diego Health

The Medical Minute: Small Changes Make Big Differences in Digestion

The bacteria in your gut do more than simply help digest your food. The microorganisms living in your digestive tract can also influence your overall health.

– Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

Joshua D. Miller, MD, Named as President of the American Diabetes Association Long Island Community Leadership Board

The American Diabetes Association, the nation's largest voluntary health organization leading the fight to Stop Diabetes®, is pleased to announce that Joshua D. Miller, MD, of Setauket, NY, has been named as President of The American Diabetes Associ...

– Stony Brook Medicine

Columbia Takes the Reins on Horse Therapy Program for Vets with PTSD

A horse therapy research program for veterans with PTSD initiated with funding from the Earle I. Mack Foundation will be fully managed by Columbia University.

– Columbia University Medical Center

Edward M. Wolin, MD, Appointed Director of the Center for Carcinoid and Neuroendocrine Tumors at The Tisch Cancer Institute

Edward M. Wolin, MD, an internationally renowned authority on neuroendocrine tumors—a type of rare but increasingly frequently diagnosed cancer—has joined the Mount Sinai Health System as Director of the Center for Carcinoid and Neuroendocrine Tu...

– Mount Sinai Health System

UT Physicians Opens PM&R Clinic in Southwest Houston

UT Physicians has responded to a growing demand for specialty care with the opening of a new physical medicine, rehabilitation, sports medicine and pain management clinic in southwest Houston. The outpatient clinic provides patients with comprehensiv...

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Science News

Atomic Movies Explain Why Perovskite Solar Cells Are More Efficient

Tracking atoms is crucial to improving the efficiency of next-generation perovskite solar cells.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science Advances 3, e1602388 (2017). [DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1602388]

Buckyball Marries Graphene

Electronic and structure richness arise from the merger of semiconducting molecules of carbon buckyballs and 2-D graphene.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

ACS Nano 11, 4686 (2017). [DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b00551]

Researchers Uncover Most Complex Mineral on Earth

Researchers at the University of Notre Dame found that the complexity of a uranium-based mineral, dubbed ewingite, is nearly twice as high as the previous most complex mineral.

– University of Notre Dame


Experimental Behavior of GFRP-Reinforced Concrete Columns under Lateral Cyclic Load

The present study addresses the feasibility of reinforced concrete columns totally reinforced with glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars achieving the drift requirements specified in various codes.

– American Concrete Institute (ACI)

ACI Structural Journal March 2018

New Insights Could Pave The Way For Self-Powered Low Energy Devices

Researchers have discovered more details about the way certain materials hold a static charge even after two surfaces separate, information that could help improve devices that leverage such energy as a power source.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Advanced Materials

Smart Glass Made Better, and Cheaper

New "smart glass" technology developed at the University of Delaware could make curtains and blinds obsolete. This isn't the first "smart glass," but it's one-tenth the price of other versions and more transparent in its transparent state and more re...

– University of Delaware

Mapping Battery Materials with Atomic Precision

An international team led by researchers at Berkeley Lab used advanced techniques in electron microscopy to show how the ratio of materials that make up a lithium-ion battery electrode affects its structure at the atomic level, and how the surface is...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Energy & Environmental Science, Jan. 10, 2018

Linking Virus Sensing with Gene Expression, a Plant Immune System Course-Corrects

Researchers at Durham University in the UK have identified a crucial link in the process of how plants regulate their antiviral responses. The research is published in the March 2 issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry.

– American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)

Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2 March 2018

With Laser Light, Scientists Create First X-Ray Holographic Images of Viruses

In a recent study, researchers developed a new holographic method called in-flight holography. With this method, they were able to demonstrate the first X-ray holograms of nano-sized viruses that were not attached to any surface.

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Gorkhover et al., Nature Photonics, 5 March 2018 (10.1038/s41566-018-0110-y)

includes video

Seeking Truth in Science: Meta-Analysis as a Key

Figuring out what is true in science when researchers are bombarded with information from many different studies is a challenge. A new paper, published in Nature, reveals that the power of meta-analysis in research synthesis over the past 40 years ha...

– Stony Brook University

Engineers Developing Tools to Understand, Scale Up Autothermal Production of Bio-Oil

Iowa State engineers have developed a process called autothermal pyrolysis that breaks down biomass for fuel and fertilizer. A recently announced grant from the Department of Energy will support studies of the process, including development of models...

– Iowa State University

Department of Energy Advanced Manufacturing Office

First Look at Jupiter’s Poles Show Strange Geometric Arrays of Storms

With NASA’s Juno spacecraft, scientists have gotten a good look at the top and bottom of the planet for the first time. What they found astounded them: bizarre geometric arrangements of storms, each arrayed around one cyclone over the north and sou...

– University of Chicago


JHU Performs First Laboratory Simulation of Exoplanet Atmospheric Chemistry

Scientists have conducted the first lab experiments on haze formation in simulated exoplanet atmospheres, an important step for understanding upcoming observations of planets outside the solar system with the James Webb Space Telescope.

– Johns Hopkins University

Nature Astronomy, Mar-2018 ; NNX16AB45G

Why Are Weeds So Competitive with My Plants?

Home and large-scale growers share a common struggle: weeds! The March 7th Sustainable, Secure Food blog post explains what makes weeds survive—and how to tackle them.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

How Do Products to Control Parasites in Livestock Impact Dung Beetles?

The same products that get rid of internal parasites in livestock may adversely impact the dung beetles that help break down dung. That could be bad news for the dung beetles and livestock production.

– South Dakota State University

Combination of Old and New Yields Novel Power Grid Cybersecurity Tool

An innovative R&D project led by Berkeley Lab researchers that combines cybersecurity, machine learning algorithms and commercially available power system sensor technology to better protect the electric power grid has sparked interest from U.S. util...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Mosquito Brain Atlas Aims to Reveal Neural Circuitry of Behavior

HHMI researchers have built, the first map of the female mosquito brain. The new resource may ultimately uncover the circuitry behind biting and other behaviors.

– Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

includes video

Warm Introductions to Science and Engineering

Introduce a Girl to Engineering Day (IGED) is an opportunity for over 100 girls to learn about STEM careers by participating in hands-on activities, listening to presentations and sitting down with scientists for mentoring sessions.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Celebrate International Women’s Day with a Live Webcast From Perimeter Institute

On March 8, Perimeter Institute will host a live webcast featuring talks by women in a wide range of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics careers.

Expert Available

– Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

​Some Teachers Don’t Talk to Anyone About Violent Incidents

One in five teachers who were the victims of physical or verbal violence at their schools didn’t report the incidents to school administrators, according to a nationwide study.The results showed that significant minorities of teachers who experienc...

– Ohio State University

Social Psychology of Education

Proposition 47 not responsible for recent upticks in crime across California, UCI study says

The implementation of Proposition 47 – which reduced the prison population by charging certain drug and property offenses as misdemeanors rather than felonies – is not responsible for the recent upticks in crime throughout California, according t...

– University of California, Irvine

Criminology & Public Policy, Aug-2017

Study: Teaching students that intelligence can grow with effort does little to improve academic performance

"Growth mindset interventions," do not work for most students in most circumstances, according to a new study co-authored by Case Western Reserve University researchers.

– Case Western Reserve University

Psychological Science

Study Suggests Why Food Assistance for Homeless Young Adults Is Inadequate

Though young homeless adults make use of available food programs, these support structures still often fail to provide reliable and consistent access to nutritious food, according to the results of a new study by a University at Buffalo social work r...

– University at Buffalo

Public Health Nutrition

Bullying Based on Stigma Has Especially Damaging Effects

In a new study, two professors are looking at bullying based on stigma – where one is treated unfairly or unjustly due to one's race, sexual orientation, gender, or other characteristic – and examining the methods used to prevent this type of bul...

– University of Delaware

Developmental Review

Celebrating Champions: New Book Goes Inside Kentucky's 1977–78 Basketball Season

March Madness is upon us, and basketball fans are preparing to root on their favorite teams, while remembering treasured championship moments. In “Forty Minutes to Glory,” Doug Brunk gives fans an inside account of UK’s 1977-78 squad from summe...

– University of Kentucky

Attitudes of Jewish and Arab Public Concerning Coexistence Deteriorate, but Foundation of Relationships Is Still Firm

Attitudes of Jewish and Arab public concerning coexistence deteriorate, but foundation of relationships is still firm

– University of Haifa

Building a Collegiate Debate Dynasty

As the college hoops season heats up for the start of March Madness, basketball isn't the only collegiate competition that fans have their eye on. Debate's national tournament will be held March 23-26, and UNLV’s young debate program is continuing ...

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

How Does the UVA Darden Network Work? 3 Stories of Success

When discussing Darden’s unique value proposition, inevitably the conversation turns to the fiercely loyal and mutually supportive group of Darden School of Business and University of Virginia graduates. It’s a network that starts in the classroo...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

Asst. Prof. Malisch Offers Solutions to the Conference-Childcare Conundrum as a Mother in Science

Jessica L. Malisch, St. Mary’s College assistant professor of biology, was a member of a working group of academic mothers who, with lead writer Rebecca M. Calisi (University of California), compiled a list of methods for conference organizers to f...

– St. Mary's College of Maryland

Improving the Distribution of Wealth Requires Addressing World Poverty

Political equality and democracy matter, but to improve the global distribution of wealth we must reduce global poverty, according to a new paper from faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Curtain Rises on UWM’s Renovated, Updated Mainstage Theatre

A fire in UWM’s Mainstage Theatre caused millions in damage and disrupted productions for almost a year. But it also provided the opportunity to improve the theater in myriad ways, from lighting and acoustics to accessibility and comfort, and it ta...

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

includes video

Wellesley College Presents the First-of-Its-Kind Convening of the World’s Most Influential Voices in African Women’s Leadership

Wellesley College, widely recognized as the world’s premier college for women, will present The African Women’s Leadership Conference, a first-of-its-kind gathering in the United States of some of the most influential voices in African women’s ...

– Wellesley College

Business News

Marine Charities Net More Than Iconic Fishery: Massachusetts

Massachusetts boasts one of the most iconic fisheries in the U.S., but new research suggests that protecting marine coastlines has surpassed commercial fishing as an economic driver. The study is the first to calculate the economic value of coasta...

– University of Vermont

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

Embargo expired on 08-Mar-2018 at 00:05 ET

Why Customer-Facing Companies Have Happier Workers

Using data from 24,000 surveys, an international team of researchers led by Washington University in St. Louis' Olin Business School, finds that people working in customer-facing companies are happier than those removed from direct customer interacti...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Academy of Management Journal

When Fee-Pressured Audit Offices Focus on Non-Audit Services, Financial Statements Suffer, Study Shows

According to new research from the University of Notre Dame, as companies pressure auditors to lower their fees as a way to reduce costs, auditors place greater emphasis on more-profitable non-audit services, such as consulting, which can negatively ...

– University of Notre Dame





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