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Tuesday, November 20, 2018

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Medical News


MRI scans shows promise in predicting dementia

Doctors may one day be able to gauge a patient's risk of dementia with an MRI scan, according to a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the University of California San Francisco. Using a new technique for analyzin...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Radiological Society of North America, 2018

Embargo expired on 20-Nov-2018 at 05:00 ET


Healthcare Providers – Not Hackers – Leak More of Your Data

New research from Michigan State University and Johns Hopkins University found that more than half of the recent personal health information, or PHI, data breaches were because of internal issues with medical providers – not because of hackers or e...

– Michigan State University

JAMA Internal Medicine

Embargo expired on 19-Nov-2018 at 11:00 ET


Abramson Cancer Center Joins National Comprehensive Cancer Network

The Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania announced today that it is joining the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® as its 28th member institution.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Embargo expired on 20-Nov-2018 at 00:05 ET


National Comprehensive Cancer Network Announces Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania as New Member Institution

The Abramson Cancer Center joins 27 other leading academic cancer centers from across the United States in creating the most frequently updated cancer care guidelines worldwide, as an NCCN Member Institution.

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)

Embargo expired on 20-Nov-2018 at 00:05 ET


New Guidelines from NCCN Help People with Mouth Cancers Understand Treatment Options

NCCN Guidelines for Patients®: Oral Cancers provides information about mouth cancers for patients and caregivers.

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)

Embargo expired on 19-Nov-2018 at 09:15 ET


Self-Management Program for Patients with COPD Boosts Quality of Life, Cuts Rehospitalization Risk

Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report that a program designed to enhance self-care and lead to more seamless management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adults successfully reduced rates of emergency room visits and hospitalizat...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

The Journal of the American Medical Association


In Heart Failure, a Stronger Heart Could Spell Worse Symptoms

Patients with stronger-pumping hearts have as many physical and cognitive impairments as those with weaker hearts, suggesting the need for better treatment.

– Thomas Jefferson University

Circulation: Heart Failure


Researchers stop ‘sneaky’ cancer cells in their tracks

A new study by University of Minnesota biomedical engineers shows how they stopped cancer cells from moving and spreading, even when the cells changed their movements. The discovery could have a major impact on millions of people undergoing therapies...

– University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

Nature Communications, Nov. 20, 2018

includes video


2018-19 Airline Food Study

The study assigned a “Health Score” (5 stars = highest rate, 0 star = lowest) based on eleven criteria including health and calorie levels of meals, snack boxes and individual snacks, level of transparency (display nutrient information & ingredie...

– Hunter College NYC Food Policy Center / DietDetective.com

DietDetective


Vaping no boost to quit rates in smokers, study suggests

People who vape and smoke cigarettes are no more likely to drop the nicotine habit than those who just smoke, a new study suggests. Researchers at The Ohio State University studied 617 tobacco users and found no differences in quit rates for “dual ...

– Ohio State University

Nicotine & Tobacco Research


High Risk of Death in the Year after ICU Discharge; More Hospital Days Linked to Higher Mortality

Nearly one in five intensive care unit (ICU) survivors die within one year, and increased hospital use is among the factors associated with a higher risk of death, reports a UK population-based study in the January 2019 issue of Critical Care Medici...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Critical Care Medicine


Newly sequenced genomes of parasitic worms could speed development of new treatments

An international team of scientists, including an Iowa State University biomedical researcher, conducted genomic studies of 81 worm species, including 45 that had never been sequenced before, and documented nearly a million new genes. The research mi...

– Iowa State University

Nature Genetics


Widely Used Reference for the Human Genome is Missing 300 Million Bits of DNA

For the past 17 years, most scientists around the globe have been using the nucleic acid sequence, or genome, an assembly of DNA information, from primarily a single individual as a kind of “baseline” reference and human species representation fo...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Nature Genetics; R01-HL129239, R01-HG006677, R01HL104608


Researchers find promise in new treatment for peanut allergy

Controlled ingestion of peanut protein could help build tolerance in peanut allergy sufferers. Authors of a new study published in the New England Journal of Medicine say an oral immunotherapy drug they tested could be the first FDA-approved medicati...

– University of Chicago Medical Center

New England Journal of Medicine


Scientists trained a computer to classify breast cancer tumors

In a study published in the journal NPJ Breast Cancer, researchers reported they used a form of artificial intelligence called machine learning, or deep learning, to train a computer to identify certain features of breast cancer tumors from images. ...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

NPJ Breast Cancer, Sept-2018


Mount Sinai Researchers Study Second-Hand Marijuana Smoke in Children

In a study designed to evaluate second-hand marijuana smoke exposure among children—a topic that scientists have not yet widely addressed—researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai found that nearly half of children whose parents ...

– Mount Sinai Health System

Pediatrics


Study Links Shoulder Ultrasound Brightness with Type 2 Diabetes

Henry Ford Hospital researchers may have unknowingly happened on a new predictor of type 2 diabetes as part of a new ultrasound shoulder study. The predictor may be an ultrasound of the deltoid muscle, which researchers found appears much brighte...

– Henry Ford Health System

Annual Meeting Radiological Society of North America Nov. 25 – 30, 2018

includes video


New blood test detects early stage ovarian cancer

Research on a bacterial toxin first discovered in Adelaide has led to the development a new blood test for the early diagnosis of ovarian cancer - a disease which kills over 1000 Australian women and 150,000 globally each year.

– University of Adelaide

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications


Researcher seeks vaccine to prevent lethal pneumonia

About half of all people with cystic fibrosis, the most common genetic disorder in the United States, die from a lung disease before they turn 40. A form of pneumonia called Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a likely culprit. WVU researcher Mariette Barbier ...

– West Virginia University


Planetary Geologist and Undergrads Embedded at JPL for NASA’s InSight Mars Landing

Two undergraduate researchers will join Geneseo planetary geologist Nick Warner at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory Nov. 26 in Pasadena, Calif., for the scheduled 3 p.m. ET landing of InSight, NASA’s latest mission to Mars. The team will work for...

– State University of New York at Geneseo


Patient Advocates, Medical Professionals and Industry Stakeholders Unite to Curb Oral Corticosteroid Overexposure in Asthma Treatment

Chronic use of oral corticosteroids to treat moderate-to-severe asthma flares creates the potential for serious health risks.

– American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI)


Communication with Care Team Helps Patients with Epilepsy Reach Goals

ROCHESTER, Minn. — You’ve likely heard it before: Communication with your health care team helps you better manage your illness. David Burkholder, M.D., a Mayo Clinic neurologist, says that’s especially true for patients and their families deal...

– Mayo Clinic

includes video


Research Focuses on a New Frontier in Circadian Rhythms

A new frontier in the science of circadian rhythms – whose disruption is linked to major diseases like cancer and diabetes – suggests a previously unknown mechanism at work in our daily biological cycle.

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


Knowing You Have Prediabetes Could Prevent Onset of Deadly Disease

With more than 30 million Americans who suffer from type 2 diabetes, prevention is paramount. Many Americans are diagnosed or at risk for prediabetes, a precursor to diabetes. Anupam Ohri, MD, assistant professor of medicine at Rutgers Robert Wood Jo...

– Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

includes video


MITRE, AEGIS and ONC Author Study on Tools to Support FHIR Compliance, Health Data Interoperability Testing

Frequent and thorough software testing has clear positive implications for health data interoperability according to a study published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (JMIR) Medical Informatics.

– MITRE

Journal of Medical Internet Research


Obesity a major – but hardly the only – reason behind rise in type 2 diabetes

“The increase in diabetes in our society is almost certainly driven by the increase in obesity,” says Alain Bertoni, M.D., of Wake Forest School of Medicine. “But not everybody who has diabetes is obese and not everybody who is obese has diabet...

Expert Available

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center


Physicians Call for Pain Management Beyond Opioids

Physiatrists and pain management experts call for an expansion of the national focus beyond safer opioid prescribing and addiction management to include a functional approach to both the diagnosis and treatment of pain. A report recently published i...

– Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP)

American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Nov-2018


Polly’s Run Boosts Pancreatic Cancer Research

The annual Polly's Run event has grown to include more than 600 runners and walkers. It raised more than $37,000 this past June, bringing the Polly Rogers Pancreatic Cancer Research Fund at The University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center to ...

– University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center


Susan Crown Appointed Chairman of the Boards of Trustees of Rush University Medical Center and of the Rush System

The Board of Trustees of Rush University Medical Center has appointed Susan Crown its new chairman, effective Nov. 14. She also will serve as chairman of the Rush System board.

– Rush University Medical Center


Cedars-Sinai Posts Top Liver Transplant Survival Rates in California

According to a recently released national report the Cedars-Sinai Comprehensive Transplant Center's Liver Transplant Program had the best one-year survival outcome of all hospitals in California, with 96 percent of patients surviving beyond the one-y...

– Cedars-Sinai

Science News


Aquatic Animals that Jump Out of Water Inspire Leaping Robots

Ever watch aquatic animals jump out of the water and wonder how they manage to do it in such a streamlined and graceful way? Researchers who specialize in water entry and exit in nature had the same question. During the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics...

– American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics

How aquatic animals leap out of water

Embargo expired on 20-Nov-2018 at 08:00 ET

includes video


Reducing the Impact Forces of Water Entry

As professional divers complete what’s known as a rip dive, their hands remove water in front of the body, creating a cavity that reduces the initial impact force. The rest of the body is aligned to shoot through the same cavity created by the hand...

– American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics

Surviving a cliff jump: go second

Embargo expired on 20-Nov-2018 at 08:00 ET

includes video


Move Over Rover: There’s A New Sniffing Powerhouse in the Neighborhood

Some animals explore, interpret and understand the world with such sensitivity in their noses that people have enlisted canines to help solve crime and detect cancer on the breath. Scientists at Georgia Tech are now homing in on the secrets behind an...

– American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics

What is the best frequency for sniffing?

Embargo expired on 19-Nov-2018 at 10:30 ET


What Smart Hazmat Suits and Sonora Cactus Skins Have in Common

Motivated by observations of desert flora and fauna, researchers in Arizona began experimenting in the laboratory to characterize cactuses' microscopic 3D epidermal structure at dry and wet times of the year. They apply the lessons in wettability -- ...

– American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics

Droplet Interactions with the Prickly Pear Cactus and Western Diamondback Rattlesnake of the Sonoran Desert

Embargo expired on 19-Nov-2018 at 09:30 ET


The Subtle Science of Wok Tossing

Wok tossing is essential for making a good fried rice -- or so claim a group of researchers presenting new work at the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics 71st Annual Meeting, Nov. 18-20. The researchers became interested in the physics of cooking and, se...

– American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics

The physics of tossing fried rice

Embargo expired on 19-Nov-2018 at 18:00 ET

includes video


Scientists Discover New “Pinwheel” Star System

An international team of scientists has discovered a new, massive star system—one that also challenges existing theories of how large stars eventually die.   

– New York University

Nature Astronomy

Embargo expired on 19-Nov-2018 at 11:00 ET

includes video


More Than H2O: Technology Simultaneously Measures 71 Elements in Water, Other Liquids

A new method for simultaneous measurement of 71 inorganic elements in liquids—including water, beverages, and biological fluids—makes element testing much faster, more efficient, and more comprehensive than was possible in the past.

– New York University

RSC Advances

Embargo expired on 19-Nov-2018 at 10:00 ET

includes video


Researchers discover how 'cryptic' connections in disease transmission influence epidemics

A new study by researchers of disease transmission in bats has broad implications for understanding hidden connections that can spread diseases between species and lead to large-scale outbreaks.

– Virginia Tech

Nature

Embargo expired on 19-Nov-2018 at 11:00 ET


How to Convert Climate-Changing Carbon Dioxide into Plastics and Other Products

Rutgers scientists have developed catalysts that can convert carbon dioxide – the main cause of global warming – into plastics, fabrics, resins and other products. The electrocatalysts are the first materials, aside from enzymes, that can turn ca...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Energy & Environmental Science; Rutgers Today


Climate change will likely cause darker tropical forests

Christopher Doughty and a team of researchers studied more than 4,000 leaves in the tropics of Peru. Not only did they find that climate change will likely cause leaves to become thinner, but these leaves will become darker and absorb more of the sun...

– Northern Arizona University

Nature Ecology and Evolution


Combining real, virtual worlds improves driverless vehicle testing

Augmented reality technology can accelerate testing of connected and automated vehicles by 1,000 to 100,000 times, and reduce additional testing costs — beyond the price of physical vehicles—to almost zero, according to a new white paper publishe...

– University of Michigan

Plos One


Hidden Giants in Forest Soils

Viruses can infect the microbes residing in, on and around soils, impacting their ability to regulate these global cycles. In Nature Communications, giant virus genomes have been discovered for the first time in a forest soil ecosystem by researchers...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Communications


Odd bodies, rapid spins keep cosmic rings close

Forget those shepherding moons. Gravity and the odd shapes of asteroid Chariklo and dwarf planet Haumea – small objects deep in our solar system – can be credited for forming and maintaining their own rings, according new research in Nature Astro...

– Cornell University

Nature Astronomy, Nov. 2018


Law of soot light absorption: Current climate models underestimate warming by black carbon aerosol

Researchers in the School of Engineering & Applied Science have discovered a new, natural law that sheds light on the fundamental relationship between coated black carbon and light absorption.

– Washington University in St. Louis

Physical Review Letters, Nov. 19, 2018; AGS-1455215; CBET-1511964; AGS-PRF-1624814


UF/IFAS-led Global Group Seeks Traits for Wheat with More Protein

When consumers buy wheat products, such as bread or pasta, they expect to get protein with their purchase. But in a warming world with high atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, the genes required to keep wheat production high are the same ones that kee...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Global Change Biology


Two Years After Birth, Cows From Heat-Stressed Cattle Produce Less Milk

If lactating dairy cattle get too hot, they don’t produce as much milk, and that can add up to economic losses of more than $1 billion a year in the U.S. alone, University of Florida researchers say. This loss can easily double if dry cows -- th...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

PLOS ONE


UF Model Predicts Potential Results of Macaque Population Control Methods

As of three years ago, about 175 macaques were estimated to live in the park. Without intervention, the population will increase to about 350 by 2022, according to a new UF Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences study.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

The Journal of Wildlife Management


UCI and Singapore Researchers Find Source of 2015 Southeast Asia Smoke Cloud

Smoke from widespread fires in Indonesia in the summer and fall of 2015 hung heavily over major urban centers in Southeast Asia, causing adverse health effects for millions of people. The afflicted could not have known that the polluted air they were...

– University of California, Irvine

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Nov-2018


Amazonian Peatlands May Soon Switch From a Carbon Sink to a Carbon Source

Until humans can find a way to geoengineer ourselves out of the climate disaster we’ve created, we must rely on natural carbon sinks, such as oceans and forests, to suck carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. These ecosystems are deteriorating at th...

– Arizona State University (ASU)


Tiny Footprints, Big Discovery: Reptile Tracks Oldest Ever Found in Grand Canyon

A geology professor at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, has discovered that a set of 28 footprints left behind by a reptile-like creature 310 million years ago, are the oldest ever to be found in Grand Canyon National Park.

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

78th Annual Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology


New Jersey Weather Observers Sought for Rutgers-Coordinated Network

Do you want to help scientists at Rutgers University keep track of the weather in New Jersey? The Community Collaborative Rain, Hail, and Snow Network (CoCoRaHS), a nationwide volunteer network for observing precipitation, is seeking volunteer weathe...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today


U.S. DOE approves HARC proposal under a non-competitive action to address flaring issues, solutions and technologies

Flaring issues vary across the U.S. with complex regulatory, economic and infrastructure frameworks. A team comprised of researchers from the Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC) and the Research Partnership to Secure Energy for America (RPSEA) wi...

– Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC)


Progress of Unmanned Aerial Systems Program at UTEP is Soaring

Michael McGee, Ph.D., has made UTEP the focal point of efforts to significantly improve public safety and bolster border security through the utilization of drone technology. His ability to bridge communication between various governmental agencies h...

– University of Texas at El Paso


Cornell veterinarians treat thousands of animals in Puerto Rico ‘Spayathon’

After the Category 5 hurricane hit, family pets became separated from their owners, regular spay/neuter operations for strays ceased and few animal shelters could function because of the island’s fractured infrastructure. Now, veterinarians from th...

– Cornell University


Maran to bring science, communication skills to Knauss marine policy fellowship

Bowling Green State University doctoral biology student Audrey Maran was chosen for the highly competitive John A. Knauss Marine Policy Fellowship. She will serve for a year as a communication specialist in the National Sea Grant office, a division o...

– Bowling Green State University


NSF grant supports center to develop microfluidics-based solutions

The University of Illinois at Chicago has received a $500,000, five-year grant from the National Science Foundation to support the Center for Advanced Design and Manufacturing of Integrated Microfluidics. The center, also known by its initials CADMIM...

– University of Illinois at Chicago


Four Argonne Technologies Receive 2018 R&D 100 Awards

Four Argonne research projects have earned R&D 100 Awards, long considered the “Oscars” of scientific innovation.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Eight Los Alamos projects win R&D 100 Awards

Eight Los Alamos National Laboratory technologies won R&D 100 Awards at R&D Magazine’s annual ceremony in Orlando, Florida. Three of the inventions also won Special Recognition Awards, including a Gold award for corporate social responsibility.

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


Marina Alberti of the University of Washington to lead new research network to study impact of cities on Earth's evolutionary dynamics

The National Science Foundation has awarded a five-year, $500,000 grant to a multi-institution research network team to advance understanding of global eco-evolutionary dynamics.

– University of Washington


Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Unveils New Master’s Degree in Biomedical Data Science

The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai is pleased to announce a new Master of Biomedical Data Science (MSBDS) degree. Applications are open now through June 2019 for enrollment in the fall of 2019. ...

– Mount Sinai Health System

Mount Sinai

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Does Netflix’s “13 Reasons Why” Influence Teen Suicide? Survey Asks At-Risk Youths

A significant proportion of suicidal teens treated in a psychiatric emergency department said that watching the Netflix series “13 Reasons Why” had increased their suicide risk, a University of Michigan study finds.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Psychiatric Services

Embargo expired on 20-Nov-2018 at 08:00 ET


Racial Disparity in State Prisons Declined Moderately Since 1995

The racial disparity in incarceration in state prisons between black and white American men declined between 1995 and 2014, but black Americans are still imprisoned at a high rate, according to recent research from The University of Alabama.

– University of Alabama

Journal of Quantitative Criminology


Professor, students have the chance to rewrite history

Wichita State professor Donald Blakeslee knew something was different about this place. What he didn’t expect, however, was the immediate response he would receive from around the world.

– Wichita State University


Best practices on avoiding credit card identity theft this holiday season

Security tips on protecting your identity during online and in-store holiday shopping sprees.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham


Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research (FAER) Receives Three .orgCommunity 2018 Solutions Day Awards

The Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research (FAER) announced today that it was presented with three 2018 Solutions Day Awards from .orgCommunity. On Thursday, FAER received the Innovation Award for its “Swimming with Sharks” program and ...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

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