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Newswise Daily Wire
Wednesday, November 21, 2018

Public Edition |

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Medical News

As Vaping Increased in Popularity, Use of Cigarettes Declined

Cigarette smoking dramatically decreased between 2013 and 2017 just as e-cigarette use became more popular, according to a comprehensive analysis examining the relationship between vaping and smoking among youth and young adults led by a Georgetown U...

– Georgetown University Medical Center

Tobacco Control; P01CA200512; FDN-148477

Embargo expired on 20-Nov-2018 at 18:30 ET

Babies Born with Broken Hearts

Researchers are exploring how irregular filling mechanics may contribute to defects in developing fetal hearts because inefficient filling leads to energy losses that alter the heart’s structure and performance, and studying how filling mechanics a...

– American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics

Tiny hearts in big trouble: cardiac flow hydrodynamics in fetal single ventricle hearts

Embargo expired on 20-Nov-2018 at 14:00 ET

DNA Vaccine Reduces Both Toxic Proteins Linked to Alzheimer’s

A DNA vaccine tested in mice reduces accumulation of both types of toxic proteins associated with Alzheimer’s disease, according to research that scientists say may pave the way to a clinical trial.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Alzheimer’s Research and Therapy

Embargo expired on 20-Nov-2018 at 10:00 ET

Pancreatic Cancer Collective awards Dana-Farber Cancer Institute researchers “New Therapies Challenge” grant

• $1 million in initial funding to evaluate DNA repair inhibitors in pancreatic cancer • Aim to accelerate pancreatic cancer research and improve patient outcomes for pancreatic cancer

– Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Embargo expired on 20-Nov-2018 at 10:00 ET

Vanderbilt Discovery Could Neutralize West Nile Virus

Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center and colleagues have isolated a human monoclonal antibody that can “neutralize” the West Nile virus and potentially prevent a leading cause of viral encephalitis (brain inflammation) in the Unite...

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Nature Microbiology

Peanut Allergy Immunotherapy Shows Positive Results in Phase 3 Trial

About a year after receiving daily oral immunotherapy for severe peanut allergy, 67 percent of children in a Phase 3 trial were able to tolerate eating at least two peanuts (600 mg) without an allergic reaction, while 50 percent tolerated eating thre...

– Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

New England Journal of Medicine, Nov-2018

Can Genetic Therapy Help Kids with Angelman Syndrome Overcome Seizures?

Angelman syndrome is a genetic disease with no cure. Children grow up with severe intellectual disabilities and a range of other problems, including epileptic seizures. Scientists at the UNC School of Medicine have found evidence that genetic therapy...

– University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Journal of Clinical Investigation

The Eyes Have It

By the time symptoms of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) are typically discovered, death is looming and inevitable. In a new study, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine with colleagues at the National Institut...

– University of California San Diego Health


UNH Researchers Create a More Effective Hydrogel For Healing Wounds

Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have created an easy-to-make, low-cost injectable hydrogel that could help wounds heal faster, especially for patients with compromised health issues.

– University of New Hampshire

ACS Applied Bio Materials

Gene Testing Doesn't Add Much Information for Antidepressant or Antipsychotic Prescribing

Pharmacogenetic tests are marketed as an aid to psychiatrists in selecting the antidepressant or antipsychotic medication that will work best in individual patients, based on their genetic makeup. But for most patients, these pharmacogenetic tests do...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Psychosomatic Medicine

Enzyme Discovery Points Researchers Toward Starving Lung Cancer as a Potential Treatment

UT Southwestern researchers have found that an enzyme on the surface of some lung cancer cells helps feed the cancer, making it a tempting treatment target.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Cell Reports

Mobile health has power to transform HIV/AIDS nursing

The abundance of personal smartphones in southern African countries got University of Washington professor Sarah Gimbel thinking: What if these phones were used by front-line health workers — namely nurses — to collect and analyze data on patient...

– University of Washington

Current HIV/AIDS Reports, Sept-2018

Keep Slapping on That Sunscreen and Ignore Toxic Claims

It’s safe to slap on the sunscreen next summer – in repeated doses – despite what you have read about the potential toxicity of sunscreens.

– University of South Australia

Monroe Carell Jr. Children’s Hospital at Vanderbilt Urges Caution in Toy Selection This Holiday Season

As shoppers search for sales this season, injury prevention advocates want to raise awareness about the need to choose age-appropriate toys for young children.

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Time for Young Men to Get Smart About Testicular Cancer

In November, some men grow mustaches to bring attention to men’s health issues. It’s also a good time for young men to learn about testicular cancer, the cancer that is most likely to strike them in the prime of life.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Emergency Room Physician Tamara O’Neal, MD, and Pharmacy Resident Dayna Less are Victims of Gun Violence at Mercy Hospital & Medical Center

As a doctor who often treated shooting victims, Mercy Hospital emergency department physician Tamara O'Neal, MD, was greatly concerned about the toll of gun violence. Dr. O'Neal herself became a victim of gun violence on November 19 when she and two ...

– Loyola University Health System

Why research on firearm safety is essential

Q&A with Rebecca Cunningham, co-leader of FACTS and an emergency physician and associate vice president for research at U-M, discussed the announcement.

Expert Available

– University of Michigan

Moderation and creativity hold key to happy, healthy Thanksgiving

The temptation to overindulge at Thanksgiving is immense, but before going overboard, it’s worth pausing and remembering you can eat, drink, and be merry – as well as healthy – over the holiday season.

Expert Available

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Stand Up to Cancer funds innovative approach to pancreatic cancer

Research on a new way of deploying the immune system against pancreatic cancer, an exceptionally lethal cancer that has so far resisted new immunotherapies, will receive $1 million in initial funding from Stand Up to Cancer. The project led by res...

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

Tulane professor receives NIH supplement for Alzheimer’s research

There are 5.7 million people living with Alzheimer’s disease, according to, and the dreaded disease has caused more deaths than both breast and prostate cancer combined. Finding a cure is paramount.

– Tulane University

Stand Up To Cancer Grant Funds UC San Diego Health Research in Pancreatic Cancer

A team of University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers have been awarded a $1 million Stand Up To Cancer grant to test drugs that block signals that play a critical role in driving growth and progression of pancreatic cancer.

– University of California San Diego Health

Jefferson Lab Shares 2018 R&D 100 Award for Cancer Treatment Monitoring System

The OARtrac® system, built by RadiaDyne and including technologies developed by scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, has been awarded a 2018 R&D 100 Award by R&D Magazine.

– Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

NeuroPoint Alliance Welcomes New Participants to QOD

NeuroPoint Alliance welcomes Martin Health System of Stuart, Fla., UC Health Yampa Valley Medical Center of Steamboat Springs, Colo., and Stormont Vail Medical Center of Topeka, Kan., to the Quality Outcomes Database (QOD) Spine and Neurovascular pro...

– American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS)

Science News

Checking water quality at the tap

When consumers turn on a faucet, they expect the drinking water that gushes out to be safe. A new report in ACS’ journal Environmental Science & Technology found that U.S. public-supply tap water generally meets all enforceable standards. However, ...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Environmental Science & Technology

Embargo expired on 21-Nov-2018 at 08:00 ET

Studying Water Flow for More Efficient Aquaponic Systems

In aquaponics, the hydroponic crops use the nutrients from fish waste as fertilizer while the fish benefit from the plants’ nutrient uptake capability to improve water quality. The treated water is then recirculated to the plant grow beds and fish ...

– American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics

Experimental Study of Flows in Fish Tanks for Aquaponic Systems

Embargo expired on 20-Nov-2018 at 13:00 ET

Early education intervention has long-lasting, positive effects on social behavior, scientists say

Adults who received early life, intensive childhood educational intervention display high levels of fairness in social interactions more than 40 years later, even if being fair comes at a high personal cost, according to Virginia Tech Carilion Resear...

– Virginia Tech

Nature Communications, Nov 20, 2018

Embargo expired on 20-Nov-2018 at 11:00 ET

New model predicts which animal viruses may spread among humans

Researchers have developed a model that predicts which of the viruses that can jump from animals to people can also be transmitted from person to person—and are therefore possible sources of human diseases.

– University of Georgia


Could the Behavior of an Invasive Species of Ants Explain the Way Humans Interact?

A study on an invasive ant species in the Buffalo area could explain how other invasive species thrive.

– SUNY Buffalo State

Springer International Publishing

Among Birds-of-Paradise, Good Looks Are Not Enough to Win a Mate

Male birds-of-paradise are justly world famous for their wildly extravagant feather ornaments, complex calls, and shape-shifting dance moves—all evolved to attract a mate. New research published in the open-access journal PLOS Biology suggests for ...

– Cornell University

PLOS Biology, Nov. 2018

DHS Partners with Industry for Operational Experimentation in Houston, Texas

Through a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA), DHS S&T is partnering with industry to evaluate first responder technologies. DHS, industry partners and 13 local Houston-area public safety agencies will integrate existing first res...

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate

2019 LAD Early Career Award Goes to Brett McGuire

The Laboratory Astrophysics Division (LAD) of the American Astronomical Society (AAS) has named Dr. Brett McGuire of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) the recipient of its 2019 Early Career Award.

– National Radio Astronomy Observatory

S&T Dam-breach Simulation Software Helping Communities Plan for Emergencies

Two days after Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico, 70,000 residents in the vicinity of the Guajataca Dam were urged to evacuate as a precaution. Heavy rains were rapidly filling up the island’s 36 dams.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Being Fair: The Benefits of Early Child Education

Getting a jump on a low-income child’s education can have a positive effect on social behavior even 40 years later, researchers find.

– Universite de Montreal

Nature Communications, Nov. 22, 2018

Embargo expired on 20-Nov-2018 at 11:00 ET

Holiday shopping gives boost to businesses

Atlanta-based company Sock Fancy – an online sock-subscription provider ( that was listed on this year’s University of Georgia Alumni Association Bulldog 100 list – has been preparing for this shopping period since the end of Sept...

– University of Georgia

Bowling Green State University Returns Ancient Mosaics to the Republic of Turkey

Twelve pieces of ancient mosaics in Bowling Green State University’s art collection are being packed for their return to the Republic of Turkey.

– Bowling Green State University

Ethics Bowl Debate team goes national

UAB students advance to next level of debates after four-round winning streak at the Southeast Regionals in Jacksonville, Florida.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham





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