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Tuesday, November 27, 2018

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Medical
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Medical News


Electrical stimulation in the nose induces sense of smell in human subjects

Physicians at Massachusetts Eye and Ear have, for the first time, induced a sense of smell in humans by using electrodes in the nose to stimulate nerves in the olfactory bulb, a structure in the brain where smell information from the nose is processe...

– Massachusetts Eye and Ear

International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology

Embargo expired on 27-Nov-2018 at 07:00 ET


Reliance on “YouTube Medicine” May Be Dangerous for Those Concerned About Prostate Cancer

The most popular YouTube videos on prostate cancer often offer misleading or biased medical information that poses potential health risks to patients, an analysis of the social media platform shows.

– NYU Langone Health

European Urology

Embargo expired on 27-Nov-2018 at 00:05 ET


Study Identifies a Genetic Driver of Deadly Prostate Cancer

A new study has identified a novel molecular driver of lethal prostate cancer, along with a molecule that could be used to attack it. The findings were made in laboratory mice. If confirmed in humans, they could lead to more effective ways to control...

– Cedars-Sinai

Nature Medicine, Nov-2018

Embargo expired on 26-Nov-2018 at 11:00 ET


Alcohol Dependence, Psychiatric Disorders Share Genetic Links

An international team of researchers has identified a gene that regulates how quickly the body metabolizes alcohol as a key risk factor for alcohol dependence. The researchers, from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and several ot...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Nature Neuroscience, Dec. 2018

Embargo expired on 26-Nov-2018 at 11:00 ET


NIH Researchers Discover Neural Code That Predicts Behavior

Scientists at the National Eye Institute (NEI) have found that neurons in the superior colliculus, an ancient midbrain structure found in all vertebrates, are key players in allowing us to detect visual objects and events.

– NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Nature Neuroscience, Nov 26, 2018

Embargo expired on 26-Nov-2018 at 11:00 ET


Citrate-based Biomaterial Fuels Bone Healing with Less Rejection

A material based on a natural product of bones and citrus fruits, called citrate, provides the extra energy stem cells need to form new bone tissue, according to a team of Penn State bioengineers.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) Nov-2018

Embargo expired on 26-Nov-2018 at 15:00 ET


NYU School of Medicine Releases Largest-Ever Open-Source Dataset to Speed Up MRIs using Artificial Intelligence in Collaboration with Facebook AI Research

NYU School of Medicine’s Department of Radiology is releasing the first large-scale MRI dataset of its kind as part of fastMRI, a collaborative effort with Facebook AI Research (FAIR) to speed up MRI scans with artificial intelligence (AI). This in...

– NYU Langone Health

Embargo expired on 26-Nov-2018 at 12:00 ET


Study Affirms Challenges in Managing Severe Pain of Sickle Cell Disease

In a study tracking the severe crisis pain of sickle cell disease and its management in 73 adults over a period of a year, Johns Hopkins researchers found that even among those on high doses of daily at-home opioids, a persistent subset was more like...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

American Journal of Hematology; 80024008


Lack of Sleep Intensifies Anger, Impairs Adaptation to Frustrating Circumstances

Losing just a couple hours of sleep makes you angrier, according to new research. While the results may seem intuitive, the study is one of the first to provide evidence that sleep loss causes anger. It also offers insight on how we adapt to irritati...

– Iowa State University

Journal of Experimental Psychology: General


Is Targeting the Inflammasome a Way Forward for Neuroscience Drug Discovery?

Researchers from the University of Manchester explore recent developments and strategies for targeting the NLRP3 inflammasome as a potential therapeutic target in acute and chronic neurological and neurodegenerative diseases, and offer perspective on...

– SLAS (Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening)

SLAS Discovery


Screening Tools Can Miss Sepsis in Pregnancy; Study Urges Action

New research reveals a need for better tools for catching severe infections in pregnant women and simple early interventions clinicians can take now to save lives.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Anesthesia & Analgesia


Parents: Take a timeout before you force your child to apologize

Parents who force unremorseful kids to apologize to others before they're truly sorry may do more harm than good.

– University of Michigan

Merrill-Palmer Quarterly


Patients discharged sooner in hospitals with highest use of electronic health records

Electronic health records (EHRs) produce savings for hospitals by reducing the average length of patient stays—but only in facilities meeting the highest federal standards for implementing the technology

– Case Western Reserve University

Journal of Operations Management


Lung Disease in Middle Age May Be a Risk Factor for Dementia Later in Life

Middle-aged adults with lung disease may be at greater risk of developing dementia or cognitive impairment later in life, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Car...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.


First genetic map of the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

An international study, focused on the analysis of the genome of more than 50,000 people worldwide, has identified twelve specific fragments of DNA related to the vulnerability of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

– Universidad De Barcelona

Nature Genetics


Brain Responses to Language in Toddlers with Autism Linked to Altered Gene Expression

An international team of scientists, led by researchers at the University of Cyprus and University of California San Diego School of Medicine, have identified a previously unknown, large-scale association between molecular gene expression activity in...

– University of California San Diego Health

Nature Neuroscience


Multicenter Study Supports Safety of Overlapping Orthopaedic Surgery

For patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery, the use of "overlapping" procedures – where the attending surgeon is simultaneously involved in two different surgeries in different operating rooms – does not lead to an increased risk of complication...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery


Brain-Computer Interface Enables People with Paralysis to Control Tablet Devices

PROVIDENCE, R.I., BOSTON, MASS. and STANFORD, CALIF. -- Tablets and other mobile computing devices are part of everyday life, but using them can be difficult for people with paralysis. New research from the BrainGate* consortium shows that a brain-co...

– Brown University

PLOS ONE

includes video


Stress-Induced Effects on Heart Blood Flow Differ for Men Versus Women

Some patients with coronary artery disease have inadequate blood flow to the heart muscle during periods of mental/emotional stress. This condition – called "mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia" (MSIMI) – is related to the severity of plaqu...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Psychosomatic Medicine


Fred Hutch at ASH: Press briefing on a combination CAR T-cell therapy, other CAR T insights, CRISPR for blood disorders, and more

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center’s latest findings on cancer immunotherapies, CRISPR for blood disorders, stem cell transplantation and insights on the immune system and cancer will be featured at the 60th annual meeting of the American Socie...

– Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

ASH Annual Meeting


What makes the world's fastest marathon shoe so fast?

Five of the six top finishers in this month's New York City Marathon wore a cutting-edge shoe said to reduce the amount of energy required to run by 4 percent. A new study explains how the shoe works and answers some questions raised by critics.

– University of Colorado Boulder

Sports Medicine

includes video


Surveyed Pulmonologists Reported Wanting More Info on Inhalation Devices for COPD

In an era of personalized medicine, physicians treating patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) should consider individualized therapy depending on disease severity and the cost and availability of medications. However, some physic...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

Respiratory Care


Research Review Underscores Progress in Treating Kidney Cancer, Importance of Close Patient Monitoring

In an effort to compile and summarize the latest knowledge about these immunotherapy combinations and their implications, a group of kidney cancer immunotherapy experts led by Saby George, MD, of Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center have written ...

– Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center

JAMA Oncology


Texas Biomed Scientists Targeting Factors Involved in Hispanic Childhood Obesity

Are there changes that affect genes and fuel a person’s propensity to develop obesity? That’s a question under study at Texas Biomedical Research Institute. Associate Scientist Melanie Carless, Ph.D., is Principal Investigator of a $3 million, fo...

– Texas Biomedical Research Institute

RO1DK118630


Hair Today, Gone Tomorrow: Dermatologists Debunk Common Misconceptions About Laser Hair Removal

When performed by a doctor, laser hair removal is a safe, effective and permanent solution for removing unwanted face and body hair. This clinically tested, FDA-approved treatment has been around since the mid-1990s and is a very common procedure amo...

– American Academy of Dermatology

includes video


Augmented human intelligence is changing health care for the better, experts say

ROCHESTER, Minn. — Artificial intelligence (AI) is going to change health care, including the practice of radiology, profoundly. But rather than machines taking over, clinicians and researchers will use them to improve patient care.

– Mayo Clinic


Simplify the Holidays: Reducing Stress Could Cut Allergy and Asthma Symptoms

If you can reduce the overall stress that comes with the holidays, maybe you can also cut down your allergy and asthma symptoms

– American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI)


VitalTag to give vital information in mass casualty incidents

News Release RICHLAND, Wash. — When mass casualty incidents occur — shootings, earthquakes, multiple car pile ups — first responders can easily be overwhelmed by the sheer number of victims. When every second counts, monitoring all the victims ...

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory


Toxicologists and pharmacologists converge on Adelaide

Experts will meet to discuss the latest discoveries in drugs and how best to use existing ones as effectively and safely as possible, at an international conference in Adelaide this week (27-30 November).

– University of Adelaide

ASCEPT 2018 Annual Scientific Meeting


Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Vitamin, Mineral Supplements May Benefit Some but Do Not Prevent Disease

Vitamin and mineral supplements may be beneficial for people who aren’t getting the micronutrients they need through their diet, but do not help in preventing chronic disease, according to an updated position paper published by the Academy of Nutri...

– Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics


Healthcare Groups Release Recommendations to Address Drug Shortages

A coalition of healthcare groups today issued a series of wide-ranging recommendations to address the ongoing shortages of critical medications affecting patient care across the country. The American Hospital Association (AHA), American Society of An...

– ASHP (American Society of Health-System Pharmacists)


CDC awards the College of American Pathologists five-year cancer reporting grant

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) awarded the College of American Pathologists (CAP) a five-year, $300,000/year collaborative grant to further address standardization and support for diagnostic cancer and biomarker electronic repor...

– College of American Pathologists (CAP)


New Rutgers Anesthesiology Chair Committed to 'Chasing Zero'

Safety, quality, and patient-centric care have long been a passion for Dr. Keith Lewis. After more than 30 years in the Boston area, he brings that passion and an enthusiasm for new program development, collaboration and team-building, and interprofe...

– Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School


FAER/ABA Announce New Co-Sponsored Research in Education Grant

The American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA) and the Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research (FAER) are co-sponsoring a FAER/ABA Research in Education Grant to advance the careers and knowledge of anesthesiologists interested in the key elemen...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)


Two Loyola Physicians Honored at Stritch Awards Dinner

Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine bestowed its highest honor, the Stritch Medal, to Kathy Albain, MD. Eva Bading, MD, received the AMDG award in recognition of her decades of service to medically underserved communities.

– Loyola University Health System


Project ECHO Launched in D.C. and Maryland to Combat Diabetes

The GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences and La Clinica del Pueblo have partnered to launch Project ECHO in Washington, D.C. to increase workforce capacity to provide best practice specialty care and reduce health disparities.

– George Washington University


It Takes an Average of 3 Years Before an Autoimmune Patient Gets a Proper Diagnosis… Lets #Changethat

American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association (AARDA) Joins the Global #GivingTuesday Movement. Our financial campaign goal: Raise $5,000 to provide educational programs to people impacted by autoimmune related diseases.

– American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association (AARDA)

Science News


The Tragedy of the Commons – Minus the Tragedy

Sometimes, there is no “tragedy” in the tragedy of the commons, according to a new analysis that challenges a widely accepted theory. In an analysis of eight case studies from around the world, researchers found that people can successfully shar...

– Ohio State University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Embargo expired on 26-Nov-2018 at 15:00 ET


Rethinking Australia's climate history

Researchers at the University of Adelaide have found evidence of climate change that coincided with the first wave of European settlement of Australia, which effectively delivered a double-punch of drying and land clearance to the country. The re...

– University of Adelaide

Quaternary Science Reviews, Nov-2018


Light-Activated, Single-Ion Catalyst Breaks Down Carbon Dioxide

A team of scientists has discovered a single-site, visible-light-activated catalyst that converts carbon dioxide (CO2) into building block molecules that could be used for creating useful chemicals. The discovery opens the possibility of using sunlig...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Journal of the American Chemical Society, Nov. 10, 2018


Researchers Discover New Materials to Generate Solar Fuel Production

Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have identified new, readily available materials that convert sunlight and carbon dioxide (CO2) into building blocks for liquid fuels that could one day heat homes and power cars.

– University of New Hampshire

Journal of the American Chemical Society, Nov. 10


‘Old-Fashioned Fieldwork’ Puts New Frog Species on the Map

Months of old-fashioned fieldwork helped define the range and characteristics of the recently discovered Atlantic Coast leopard frog. A study published in the journal PLOS ONE was led by a zoologist with the New York Natural Heritage Program based at...

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

PLOS ONE


Found In Translation: Algorithm Could Speed Up Development of New Medical Therapies

A machine learning system developed at the Technion enables estimation of the relevance of lab mice studies to human physiology. The tool is expected to speed up the development of new medical therapies.

– American Technion Society

Nature Methods, Nov 26-2018


West Virginia was shaped by geology

While taking a drive down West Virginia’s “country roads,” have you ever considered the origins of the windy hills and valleys that make up the landscape fondly thought of as “Almost Heaven?” Geologist Joseph Lebold leads you through them i...

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


Combined local and global actions could lessen impacts of change in marine environment

Increased oil and gas activities could combine with ocean warming and acidification to have a significant negative impact on marine organisms, a new study suggests.

– University of Plymouth

Scientific Reports


Smarter AI: Machine learning without negative data

A research team from the RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project (AIP) has successfully developed a new method for machine learning that allows an AI to make classifications without what is known as "negative data," a finding which could lead ...

– RIKEN


Future of flight is now

Many experts agree the future of flight will rely on zero-emission and/or renewable energy technology. That is, aircraft will be propelled by ions—electrically charged molecules—that create thrust in their wake. But that future is already here.

– Case Western Reserve University


UF/IFAS Professor Emeritus Wins International Award For Cattle Reproduction

Bill Thatcher won the award, one of the more than 20 scientific awards he has received during his academic career.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


DHS S&T to Demonstrate Technology Integration During a Hazmat Scenario

DHS S&T will host a demonstration of integrating emergency response technologies during a simulated HAZMAT scenario at the Port of Houston on December 5, 2018.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Professors investigate potential cultural barriers to Indigenous peoples’ success in STEM fields

Jani Ingram and Angelina Castagno of Northern Arizona University received an NSF grant to study the ethical issues Indigenous students and professionals experience in STEM fields and the extent to which spiritual beliefs and taboos create barriers to...

– Northern Arizona University


Veteran UF/IFAS Agronomist, Administrator Named Research Dean

When he was planting rice in valley swamps in Sierra Leone many years ago, Robert Gilbert never imagined he’d be a dean at the University of Florida. But now, here he is: dean of research at the UF Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences and di...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


U.S. Department of Energy to Host Nationwide CyberForce Competition™ December 1

Students from dozens of colleges/universities will participate in the U.S. Department of Energy's CyberForce Competition™ this weekend

– Argonne National Laboratory

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Drug Use, Religion Explain ‘Reverse Gender Gap’ on Marijuana

Women tend to be more conservative than men on political questions related to marijuana. A recent study finds that this gender gap appears to be driven by religion and the fact that men are more likely to have used marijuana.

– North Carolina State University

Social Science Quarterly, Nov-2018


Parents Learn, Babies Talk: How Coaching Moms and Dads Leads to Better Language Skills Among Infants

  When it comes to helping infants learn to talk, it’s not just how much parents say, but how they say it. Speaking directly to the baby with a style of speech known as “parentese” — talking slowly and clearly, often with exaggerated vowels ...

– University of Washington

Developmental Science

includes video


Emotional suppression has negative outcomes on children

"Not in front of the kids." It's an age-old plea for parents to avoid showing conflict and strong negative emotions around their children.

– Washington State University

Emotion


California State University to Extend Fall 2019 Application Period to December 15

With many prospective students, their families and communities facing hardship due to wildfires affecting the entire state, the California State University (CSU) is extending the priority application deadline for fall 2019 admission to December 15.

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

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