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Friday, November 30, 2018

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Medical
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Medical News


Study Reveals Facility-Level Variations in Diabetic Kidney Disease Care within the VA Health System

• Concerning adherence to certain recommended measures of kidney disease care for veterans with diabetes within the Veterans Affairs Health Care System, there is modest facility-level variation for some measures and larger facility-level variation ...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN)

Embargo expired on 29-Nov-2018 at 17:00 ET


How viruses hijack part of your immune system and use it against you

ROCHESTER, Minn. — An enzyme intended to prevent autoimmune disease can be hijacked and used by some viruses to avoid immune detection. That discovery from Mayo Clinic researchers and collaborators appears in PLOS Biology. There's also good news. T...

– Mayo Clinic

PLOS Biology

Embargo expired on 29-Nov-2018 at 14:00 ET


Rise in meth and opioid-use during pregnancy

Among pregnant women , amphetamine-affected births (mostly attributed to methamphetamine) doubled .

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

American Journal of Public Health

Embargo expired on 29-Nov-2018 at 16:00 ET


An opioid epidemic may be looming in Mexico — and the U.S. may be partly responsible

Opioid use in Mexico has been low, but national and international factors are converging and a threat of increased drug and addiction rates exists. Many of these factors may have originated in the U.S., making this a potential joint U.S.-Mexico epide...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

American Journal of Public Health

Embargo expired on 29-Nov-2018 at 16:00 ET


NYU Langone Health Performs Its Second Face Transplant

This past January 2018, a surgical team from NYU Langone Health performed its second face transplant, replacing much of the upper, mid, and lower face and jaws of a 26-year-old man from California. NYU Langone Health is one of only a handful of medic...

– NYU Langone Health

Embargo expired on 29-Nov-2018 at 10:30 ET

includes video


Embargoed AJPH research: Vacant lot cleanup reduces shootings, opioid and amphetamine births, e-cigarette trust, vaccine exemption

In this issue, find research on how vacant lot cleanup reduces shootings, opioid and amphetamine births increase, e-cigarette trust and public health sources, vaccine exemption laws and more.

– American Public Health Association (APHA)

Embargo expired on 29-Nov-2018 at 16:00 ET


Focus on resistance to HIV offers insight into how to fight the virus

Researchers have found that genetic mutations affecting the capsid, the structure surrounding the HIV genome, make it possible for a protein called TRIM5α to trigger the immune system of elite controllers.

– Universite de Montreal

PLOS Pathogens, November 12, 2018.; Canadian Institutes of Health Research; Mitacs; AIDS and Infectious Disease Network (FRQS-SIDA/MI)


A New Treatment Method of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Syndrome is Discovered in Russia

In spite of high level of modern medicine development many problems of this sphere are not solved till the present.

– South Ural State University

Journal of Applied Physiology


Study Shows Rising Rates of Hospitalization in the Homeless

Hospitalization rates among homeless adults have increased sharply in recent years, with a very different set of causes from those in non-homeless individuals, reports a study in the January issue of Medical Care. The journal is published in the Lipp...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Medical Care


Proposed study investigating use of atmospheric gas to lessen brain injury in survivors of cardiac arrest

Emergency medicine physicians at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) are seeking community input about a proposed clinical trial assessing the efficacy of inhaling xenon, a medical gas, to mitigate brain injury and pre...

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Nature


HIV in Liver Cells Found to Be Inactive, Narrowing Potential Treatment Targets

In a proof-of-principle study, researchers at Johns Hopkins revealed that certain immune system cells found in the human liver, called liver macrophages, contain only inert HIV and aren’t likely to reproduce infection on their own in HIV-infected p...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Journal of Clinical Investigation; K08AI081544, R56AI118445, R01AI024333, R01AI116868, ANDP01AI131365, R01OD011095, 108707-54-RKRL, 108814-55-RGRL


Functional Nasal Surgery Relieves Chronic Headache for Some Patients

Nasal surgery to relieve obstructed breathing can reduce or eliminate chronic headaches in selected patients, reports a paper in the December issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plast...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery


Age Alone Doesn't Increase Complications of Free-Flap Breast Reconstruction in Older Women

Breast reconstruction using a "free flap" from the patient's abdomen is a safe procedure with a high success rate in older women opting for reconstruction after mastectomy, reports a study in the December issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery


Fur Trade May Have Spread the Plague Through Europe

A new ancient DNA study shows that 14th century plague outbreaks might have resulted from repeated introductions of Yersinia pestis to Europe. Commercial trade routes, including the fur trade routes, would have contributed to the rapid spread of plag...

– University of Oslo

PNAS


Heads up: UAB does first-ever study of spectator injuries at sporting events

Sports medicine physicians at UAB present the first study of spectator injuries at major sporting events. Car and motorcycle racing lead the way. The authors call for more safety measures and a central database to record the occurrence of spectator i...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness online


Hospital-Wide Scores Underestimate Readmission Risk in Neurocritical Care Patients

Scoring models used to predict 30-day readmission risk in the general hospital population may not accurately predict readmissions for patients in the neurocritical care unit, reports a study in the Journal of Neuroscience Nursing, official journal of...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Journal of Neuroscience Nursing


Youth Football Changes Nerve Fibers in Brain

CHICAGO - MRI scans show that repetitive blows to the head result in brain changes among youth football players, according to a new study being presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

– Radiological Society of North America (RSNA)

104th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA)


Curry Spice Boosts Exercise Performance in Mice with Heart Failure

New research suggests that curcumin, a main ingredient in curry, may improve exercise intolerance related to heart failure. The study is published ahead of print in the Journal of Applied Physiology.

– American Physiological Society (APS)

Journal of Applied Physiology


Population mapping helps measure access to surgery in Africa

Research examining pressure on surgical units in sub-Saharan African countries estimates nearly 300 million people have a need for surgery in the region, placing a heavy burden on hospitals.

– University of Southampton

BMJ Global


Majority of Canadians view physical inactivity as a serious public health issue

Physical inactivity is nearly on par with unhealthy diets and tobacco use as a public health concern among Canadians, a new UBC study has found.

– University of British Columbia

BMC Public Health


It’s not a shock: Better bandage promotes powerful healing

A new, low-cost wound dressing developed by University of Wisconsin–Madison engineers could dramatically speed up healing in a surprising way. The method leverages energy generated from a patient’s own body motions to apply gentle electrical pul...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

ACS Nano


Moviemaking mimics nature for creative control and a more realistic look

HANOVER, N.H. - November 29, 2018 - A new theory based on the physics of cloud formation and neutron scattering could help animators create more lifelike movies, according to a Dartmouth-led study. Software developed using the technique focuses on ho...

– Dartmouth College

ACM Trans. Graph.


Moviemaking mimics nature for creative control and a more realistic look

HANOVER, N.H. - November 29, 2018 - A new theory based on the physics of cloud formation and neutron scattering could help animators create more lifelike movies, according to a Dartmouth-led study. Software developed using the technique focuses on ho...

– Dartmouth College

ACM Trans. Graph.


Researchers produce six antibodies to combat Zika virus

Researchers have generated six Zika virus antibodies that could be used to test for and possibly treat a mosquito-borne disease that has infected more than 1.5 million people worldwide, according to a study published in PLOS ONE.

– Loyola University Health System

PLOS ONE


Los virus se apoderan de una parte del sistema inmunitario y la usan en contra nuestra

Algunos virus son capaces de apoderarse de una enzima que supuestamente previene enfermedades autoinmunitarias con el fin de evitar ser detectados. Este descubrimiento de los investigadores de Mayo Clinic y de sus colaboradores se publica en PLOS Bio...

– Mayo Clinic

PLOS Biology


Mischievous Responders Taint LGBQ Health Estimates in National Survey

Many research studies have reported on the elevated health risk and deviance of youth who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or questioning (LGBQ). But a new study using national data suggests that many of those estimates may be overstated and that ...

– New York University

American Journal of Public Health (AJPH)


SUSU Student Creates Russian Analogue of a Voice Prosthesis

People who underwent larynx surgery face a necessity of a voice prosthesis implantation, but such artificial windpipes are only produced abroad.

– South Ural State University


Brooklyn Native and Orthopedic Spine Surgeon Gives Back to His Community

Kola Jegede, MD, a Brooklyn native, has joined NYU Langone Hospital–Brooklyn with the hope of giving back to his home borough as an orthopedic spine surgeon who can relieve pain and improve his patients’ quality of life.

– NYU Langone Hospital - Brooklyn


“A 4 percent chance is nothing to me”

Former MLB player Frank Baker says his experience at UAB’s Pancreatobiliary Disease Center was a home run.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham


UNC Charlotte Alum Keeps 49ers Basketball Team in Peak Condition

The University is transitioning its undergraduate athletic training program to a Master of Science in Athletic Training program in the spring, providing students like Adam Jordan with advanced educational opportunities.

– University of North Carolina at Charlotte


UT Southwestern Leads the Way in Single-Incision Surgery

UT Southwestern Medical Center this week became the first hospital in Texas to perform single-incision, robotic surgery.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center


‘Brain on Fire’ Cases Epitomize Benefits of Dual-Trained Doctors

Glen Carter did not have schizophrenia but rather a rare form of brain inflammation that would not have been reversed with antipsychotic medication.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center


Deadline extended for nominations: The Endocrine Society’s Award for Excellence in Science and Medical Journalism

Journalists have a few extra days to enter the 12th annual Award for Excellence in Science and Medical Journalism. Entries will be accepted through Friday, December 7, 2018.

– Endocrine Society

12th annual Award for Excellence in Science and Medical Journalism


Baylor Scott & White Health Breaks Ground on New Sports and Orthopedic Center

Baylor Scott & White Health is announced today on a new facility with a goal of promoting the community’s health and wellbeing while advancing sports medicine and injury prevention in the Waco area.

– Baylor Scott and White Health


Prevention and Screening Clinic at UC San Diego Health Helping to Reduce Pancreatic Cancer

Moores Cancer Center at UC San Diego Health launched the Pancreatic Cancer Prevention and Screening Clinic in an attempt to reduce the number of people who develop the disease and improve survival for those who do. Every day in the U.S., 145 people a...

– University of California San Diego Health


Henry Ford Health System Announces 2 Appointments

Betty S. Chu, M.D., MBA, has been appointed associate chief clinical officer and chief quality officer at Henry Ford Health System. Dr. Chu had previously served as chief medical officer and vice president of medical affairs at Henry Ford West Bloomf...

– Henry Ford Health System


Memorial Sloan Kettering Researchers at ASH Annual Meeting

MSK experts in CAR-T therapy, immunotherapy, leukemia, lymphoma, blood and marrow stem cell transplantation, and more, are also available to comment on meeting news.

– Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Science News


Switching identities: Revolutionary insulator-like material also conducts electricity

University of Wisconsin–Madison researchers have made a material that can transition from an electricity-transmitting metal to a nonconducting insulating material without changing its atomic structure.

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Science, Nov. 30, 2018

Embargo expired on 29-Nov-2018 at 14:00 ET


Hubble Uncovers Thousands of Globular Star Clusters Scattered Among Galaxies

Hubble has completed a survey of over 22,000 globular star clusters scattered throughout the giant Coma cluster of galaxies 300 million light-years from Earth. Containing the oldest known stars in the universe, about 150 globular clusters orbit our M...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astrophysical Journal


Quickly Capture Tiny Particles Reacting

New method takes a snapshot every millisecond of groups of light-scattering particles, showing what happens during industrially relevant reactions.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Journal of Physical Chemistry C 122, 6865 (2018). [DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b01398]


Growing Pile of Human and Animal Waste Harbors Threats, Opportunities

Researchers at Georgia Institute of Technology and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are highlighting another effect from animals raised for food and the humans who eat them: the waste they all leave behind.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Nature Sustainability


The polar regions communicate via “postcards” and “text messages”

The University of Bern was involved in a new study that has found two types of climatic connection between the North Atlantic and Antarctica. One is a rapid atmospheric channel and the other a much slower connection through the ocean. During the last...

– University of Bern

Nature


New study reveals common table salt may have been crucial for the origins of life

One of the most fundamental unexplained questions in modern science is how life began. Scientists generally believe that simple molecules present in early planetary environments were converted to more complex ones that could have helped jumpstart lif...

– Tokyo Institute of Technology

Chemistry Select


Discovering a New Compound

Researchers have discovered a new compound that helps us better understand how microbes keep the sulfur cycle turning, making it possible for us to enjoy ocean views and survive near the water.

– University of Delaware

mBio


Insight into Swimming Fish Could Lead to Robotics Advances

The constant movement of fish that seems random is actually precisely deployed to provide them at any moment with the best sensory feedback they need to navigate the world.

– Johns Hopkins University

Current Biology, Nov-2018; 1557895; 1557858; 1460674

includes video


Weight cycling is associated with a higher risk of death

Weight cycling is associated with a higher risk of death, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

– Endocrine Society

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism


Review Examines the Science and Needs of Nitrogen-Based Transformations

Advances in biochemistry and catalysis could lead to faster, greener nitrogen-rich fertilizer.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science 360(2018), 873 (2018). [DOI: 10.1126/science.aar6611]


Powerful telescope to explore universe’s ‘cosmic dawn’ from Chilean peak

Fabrication of the Cerro Chajnantor Atacama Telescope-prime (CCAT-p), a powerful telescope capable of mapping the sky at submillimeter and millimeter wavelengths, has now begun, marking a major milestone in the project. The 6-meter aperture telescope...

– Cornell University


Capturing a Snapshot of a Complex Catalyst

A promising catalyst may enable creating fuel from sunlight, but we first need to understand how it splits water. When Daniel Nocera and his team shed light on a key step in the complex process, they got more than they expected.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 Apr 11;114(15):3855-3860. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1701816114.


Group Acquires Patent for Retrofit Blind Spot Detection System

A team of Kennesaw State University alumni are aiming to make roadways safer after inventing a blind spot detection system that can be retrofitted to older vehicles.

– Kennesaw State University


UIC's mission: To model life on Saturn's moon in the lab

The University of Illinois at Chicago has received a $1.1 million, five-year grant from NASA’s Astrobiology Institute to identify biosignatures of life on Titan — Saturn’s largest moon — from either currently living or long-extinct life. Tita...

– University of Illinois at Chicago


The Alabama Plasma Internship Program Is Accepting Applications From Undergraduate Students at Southeastern U.S. Universities Through Jan. 18

NSF EPSCoR CPU2AL program in Huntsville, Alabama, is now accepting applications for their Alabama Plasma Internship Program from undergraduate students enrolled at institutions across the Southeastern U.S. (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisi...

– University of Alabama Huntsville

CPU2AL partner institution

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Even if Doing a Good Job, Women CEOs More Likely to be Fired

Women CEOs are much more likely than male CEOs to be dismissed, even when the women are performing well, according to research from The University of Alabama.

– University of Alabama

Journal of Management


Small changes to cafeteria design can get kids to eat healthier, new assessment tool finds

New research from the University of Notre Dame suggests ways to approach this problem in elementary school cafeterias, especially for high-risk and underserved student populations.

– University of Notre Dame

BMC Public Health


Artwork Inspired by Nature Beautifies Construction Site

Usually one would have to visit an art museum in order to see the beautiful landscapes by Vietnamese-American artist, Christine Nguyen, but drivers in West Hollywood get an up-close view of her oversized artwork as part of their daily commute. Nguy...

– Cedars-Sinai


“Word from the Mountaintop” Martin Luther King Jr. Oratory Contest seeks local students

UAB’s Office for Diversity, Equity and Inclusion is accepting submissions for the 2019 second annual “Word from the Mountaintop” MLK Oratory Contest.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham


Local Philanthropists Daniel and Phyllis Epstein Give $1 Million to UC San Diego

Daniel and Phyllis Epstein's move to La Jolla in 1986 started them on a path to becoming loyal advocates and supporters for their neighbor, the world-class University of California San Diego.

– University of California San Diego


Johns Hopkins School of Nursing Earns Top Recognition in Diversity and Inclusion

The Johns Hopkins School of Nursing (JHSON) has earned the 2018 INSIGHT Into Diversity Higher Education “Excellence in Diversity” Health Professions award for its committed efforts to support and sustain diversity and inclusion through education,...

– Johns Hopkins School of Nursing


Scholars to explore the meaning of family and kinship in Sawyer Seminar supported by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation

Amid growing national interest in genealogy and family history, scholars from around the world will explore past and present meanings of family and kinship in a year-long seminar led by Tufts University and supported by the Mellon Foundation through ...

– Tufts University


Corporate Internship Program on Plasma Technology Applications is accepting applications from students at AL partner institutions through Jan. 24

NSF EPSCoR CPU2AL program in Huntsville, Alabama, is now accepting applications from students at Alabama partner institutions for their Corporate Internship Program on Plasma Technology Applications. The application deadline is Jan. 24, 2019, 1 p.m. ...

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Top Three Finalists Announced in University of Utah's American Dream Ideas Challenge

The top three ideas in the University of Utah’s American Dream Ideas Challenge aim to boost Utahns’ income by cutting transportation costs, leveraging unused storage space and revitalizing an economically depressed region of the state. Each team ...

– University of Utah

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