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Thursday, December 6, 2018

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Medical
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Medical News


Human Exposures and Health Effects Associated with Unconventional Oil and Gas Development

The Health Effects Institute (HEI) convened an Energy Research Committee to help ensure the protection of public health during such development. A symposium at the 2018 Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) Annual Meeting will summarize the Committee’s r...

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)

Society for Risk Analysis Annual Meeting, Dec-2018

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2018 at 16:00 ET


Being Employed Puts Your Health at Risk

The symposium presentation at the Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) Annual Meeting will review current topics in occupational risk analysis that health officials are currently challenged with, including chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in footbal...

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)

Society for Risk Analysis Annual Meeting, Dec-2018

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2018 at 16:00 ET


Is Our Nation’s Water Supply Disrupting the Human Endocrine System?

Exposure to emerging contaminants, even at extremely low doses, can cause adverse health effects for humans, including endocrine disruption which can lead to developmental malformations, interference with reproduction, increased cancer risk and distu...

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)

Society for Risk Analysis Annual Meeting, Dec-2018

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2018 at 18:10 ET


New Study Uncovers Why Rift Valley Fever is Catastrophic to Developing Fetuses

The WHO considers Rift Valley fever a potential public health emergency. This study shows just how damaging the virus is during pregnancy and sets the stage for vaccine development.

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Science Advances; Burroughs Wellcome Fund; National Institutes of Health

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2018 at 14:00 ET

includes video


Are Infections Associated With Increased Risk of Later Mental Disorders During Childhood, Adolescence?

This study used Danish nationwide registries to investigate an association between infections treated since birth and subsequent risk of treated childhood and adolescent mental disorders.

– JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

JAMA Psychiatry

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2018 at 11:00 ET


Scientists Design Way to Track Steps of Cells’ Development

Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have developed a new tool described as a “flight data recorder” for developing cells, illuminating the paths cells take as they progress from one type to another. This cellular t...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Nature

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2018 at 13:00 ET


New Molecular Tool Identifies Sugar-Protein Attachments

Researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine have developed a new molecular tool they call EXoO, which decodes where on proteins specific sugars are attached—a possible modification due to disease. The study, published in issue 14 of Molecular Systems Bio...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Molecular Systems Biology


Obesity intervention needed before pregnancy

New research from the University of Adelaide’s Robinson Research Institute supports the need for dietary and lifestyle interventions before overweight and obese women become pregnant.

– University of Adelaide

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology


Científicos de Mayo Clinic identifican nuevas estrategias para mejorar terapia de células T con receptor de antígeno quimérico

Los científicos de Mayo Clinic desarrollaron dos estrategias nuevas que podrían mejorar el rendimiento de la terapia de células T con receptor de antígeno quimérico en el tratamiento del cáncer.

– Mayo Clinic

reunión anual del 2018 de la Sociedad Americana de Hematología


Using graphene to detect ALS, other neurodegenerative diseases

The wonders of graphene are numerous — it can enable flexible electronic components, enhance solar cell capacity, filter the finest subatomic particles and revolutionize batteries. Now, the “supermaterial” may one day be used to test for amyotr...

– University of Illinois at Chicago


Breakthrough in Blood Vessel Engineering

Growing functional blood vessel networks is no easy task. Previously, other groups have made networks that span millimeters in size. But now, a University of Delaware team has grown a self-assembling, functional network of blood vessels across centim...

– University of Delaware


Dirty air now could harm hearts of offspring later

A parent’s exposure to dirty air before conception might spell heart trouble for the next generation, a new animal study suggests.

– Ohio State University

Journal of the American Heart Association


Rural hospitals save money, improve recruiting by using more tele-medicine in their ERs

A new study from the University of Iowa finds rural hospitals that use tele-medicine to back up their emergency room health care providers not only save money, but find it easier to recruit new physicians.

– University of Iowa

Health Affairs


Stress from using electronic health records is linked to physician burnout

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] -- While electronic health records (EHRs) improve communication and access to patient data, researchers found that stress from using EHRs is associated with burnout, particularly for primary care doctors such as pe...

– Brown University

Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association


Duration of infertility in men may affect sperm count

A longer duration of infertility was associated with lower sperm count and other parameters of impaired sperm in a BJU International study of 1644 infertile men. Also, older age and higher body mass index were associated with a longer duration of inf...

– Wiley

BJU International


UC San Diego Researchers Develop Sensors to Detect and Measure Cancer’s Ability to Spread

University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers engineered sensors to detect and measure the metastatic potential of single cancer cells. Metastasis is attributed as the leading cause of death in people with cancer.

– University of California San Diego Health

iScience


Adding new channels to the brain remote control

By enabling super-fast remote control of specific cells, light-activated proteins allow researchers to study the function of individual neurons within a large network - even an entire brain. Now one of the pioneers of 'optogenetics' and colleagues ha...

– Frontiers

Frontiers in Neuroscience


Tuberculosis survives by using host system against itself

In a new study published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, scientists at the University of Notre Dame have discovered that the pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) releases RNA into infected cells.

– University of Notre Dame

Journal of Experimental Medicine


Report Reveals Link between Air Pollution and Increased Risk for Miscarriage

Air quality has been associated with numerous adverse health outcomes from asthma to pre-term birth. Researchers at University of Utah Health found women living along the Wasatch Front — the most populous region in the state of Utah — had a highe...

– University of Utah Health

Fertility and Sterility; 1K12HD085852-01


Memory B cells in the lung may be important for more effective influenza vaccinations

Researchers show that lung-resident memory B cells establish themselves in the lung soon after influenza infection in mice. Those lung memory B cells respond more quickly to produce antibodies against influenza after re-infection, and establishment r...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

AI097357; Nature Immunology; AI078907; HL69409; AI100127; AI109962 ; AI120508


Wearable Tech is New Top Fitness Trend for 2019, according to ACSM Survey

American College of Sports Medicine releases its Top 10 Fitness Trends for 2019, based on a worldwide survey of fitness professionals.

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

ACSM’s Health & Fitness Journal®


Multidisciplinary care improves outcomes of patients with brain metastases

New data reveals the life expectancy of patients with kidney cancer that’s traveled to the brain has now stretched from months to years.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center


Engineered DNA-encoded PCSK9 Inhibitors May Provide an Effective Alternative for Treating High Cholesterol

Researchers at The Wistar Institute have developed novel synthetic DNA-encoded monoclonal antibodies (DMAbs) directed against PCSK9, a protein key to regulating cholesterol levels in the bloodstream.

– Wistar Institute

Molecular Therapy


The Lancet: First baby born via uterus transplant from a deceased donor

Currently, uterus donation is only available for women with family members who are willing to donate. With live donors in short supply, the new technique might help to increase availability and give more women the option of pregnancy. The first baby ...

– Lancet

Lancet


Older Women Who Suffer From Tooth Loss Are More Likely to Develop High Blood Pressure

Women who experienced loss of all teeth had approximately 20 percent higher risk of developing hypertension during follow-up compared to women who still had natural teeth.

– University at Buffalo

American Journal of Hypertension, Dec-2018


Heart Patients Reduce Bleeding Risk with Drug Combination

Cardiovascular patients at risk for gastrointestinal bleeding from taking oral anticoagulants like warfarin reduce that risk by 34 percent when taking a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) in combination, according to a Vanderbilt University Medical Center s...

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center

JAMA


Investigadores da Mayo: apixabana oral segura, eficaz no tratamento de coágulos sanguíneos em pacientes com câncer

Os investigadores da Mayo Clinic constataram que um medicamento oral, apixabana, utilizado para tratar a formação de coágulos de sangue em pacientes submetidos a terapia contra o câncer, é seguro e eficaz. O medicamento foi associado a uma menor...

– Mayo Clinic

assembleia anual da Sociedade Americana de Hematologia


Investigadores da Mayo Clinic identificam novas estratégias que podem melhorar a terapia com células T CAR

Investigadores da Mayo Clinic desenvolveram duas novas estratégias que podem melhorar o desempenho da terapia do receptor de antígeno quimérico (terapia com células T CAR) no tratamento do câncer. Eles apresentarão os resultados de suas pesquis...

– Mayo Clinic

2018 annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology


Registration Opens for AACN Critical Care Nursing Conference

The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses invites nurses and other healthcare professionals who care for high-acuity and critically ill patients and their families to its 2019 National Teaching Institute & Critical Care Exposition in Orlando,...

– American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)


The Medical Minute: When to give a health-related gift

The gift of promoting a healthy lifestyle is probably the most valuable thing you could give to someone you care about this holiday season, yet it can also turn into a potential landmine of gift-giving disasters.

– Penn State Health


Violinist Plays Again Thanks to Spinal Cord Stimulation

Alventena Cobb of Conway is a professional musician. She’s played the violin for more than 30 years and has instructed many students.

– University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences


UVA Makes Surprising Discovery About Neurons

Meticulous new research from the School of Medicine has changed a well-accepted scientific belief about neurons, the vital nerve cells that allow us to experience the world and record those experiences as memories in our brains.

– University of Virginia Health System

Journal of Cell Biology; R01NS083378


Media Advisory: Save the Date for STS Annual Meeting

Credentialed press representatives are invited to attend The Society of Thoracic Surgeons 55th Annual Meeting and Exhibition in San Diego, CA, from January 27 - 29, 2019.

– The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

2019 STS Annual Meeting, January 27-29, 2019


CWRU’s Jonathan Haines, PhD, secures $14.6 million grant to study Alzheimer’s disease across diverse populations

Jonathan Haines, PhD, with Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine will lead a national collaboration to expand big data genetic research into Alzheimer’s disease to include stronger representation from African-American and Hispanic comm...

– Case Western Reserve University

NIH/NIA


Children's Hospital Celebrates European Commission Approval of First-of-Its-Kind Gene Therapy for Blindness

Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia celebrates a pivotal moment in medicine: approval by the European Commission of LUXTURNA® (voretigene neparvovec), the first and only gene therapy for patients with an inherited retinal disease, last month. This...

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Science News


Scientists Enter Unexplored Territory in Superconductivity Search

Scientists mapping out the quantum characteristics of superconductors--materials that conduct electricity with no energy loss--have entered a new regime. Using newly connected tools named OASIS at Brookhaven Lab, they've uncovered previously inaccess...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Nature Communications, 12/06/18

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2018 at 05:00 ET


A 3D Imaging Technique Unlocks Properties of Perovskite Crystals

A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Nature Communications Dec-2018

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2018 at 05:00 ET


Municipal Wastewater Holds the Key to Tracking Opioid Intervention Initiatives

Several presentations at the 2018 Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) Annual Meeting will explore novel approaches to monitoring real-time drug use in town and cities nationwide.

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)

Society for Risk Analysis Annual Meeting, Dec-2018

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2018 at 18:10 ET


A Detailed Look at the Microorganisms That Colonize, and Degrade, a 400-Year-Old Painting

Bacterial spores may be able to halt degradation by outcompeting other microbes

– PLOS

PLoS ONE 13(12): e0207630.

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2018 at 14:00 ET


Soft Tissue Shows Jurassic Ichthyosaur Was Warm-Blooded, Had Blubber and Camouflage

An ancient, dolphin-like marine reptile resembles its distant relative in more than appearance. Molecular and microstructural analysis of a Stenopterygius ichthyosaur reveals that these animals were most likely warm-blooded, had insulating blubber an...

– North Carolina State University

Nature

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2018 at 13:00 ET


Recycle Your Old Mobile Phone to Save Gorilla Populations

Are you among the 400 million people around the world who have relegated an old mobile phone to the top drawer in the past year? Do you realise your reluctance to recycle that discarded phone could be linked to the dramatic decline of gorilla populat...

– University of South Australia

PLOS One

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2018 at 14:00 ET


Agricultural waste drives us closer to greener transport

Composite materials made from agricultural waste could be used to produce sustainable, lightweight and low-cost applications in the automotive and marine industries.

– University of Portsmouth

Industrial Crops and Products journal, Volume 126, 15 December 2018, Pages 394-402


Effect of Geopolymer Aggregate on Strength and Microstructure of Concrete

The geopolymer investigated in this research shows potential as a lightweight coarse aggregate for concrete, with the additional benefit of reducing the environmental impact of fly ash from coal-fired power generation.

– American Concrete Institute (ACI)

ACI Materials Journal November 2018


Write with heat, cool and then repeat with rewritable paper

Even in this digital age, paper is still everywhere. Often, printed materials get used once and are then discarded, creating waste and potentially pollution. Now, scientists report in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces the development of an easy-to-m...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces


Paving the way for more efficient hydrogen cars

Hydrogen-powered vehicles emit only water vapor from their tailpipes, offering a cleaner alternative to fossil-fuel-based transportation. But for hydrogen cars to become mainstream, scientists need to develop more efficient hydrogen-storage systems. ...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Chemistry of Material


Reflecting Antiferromagnetic Arrangements

Scientists have demonstrated an x-ray imaging technique that could enable the development of smaller, faster, and more robust electronics that exploit electron spin.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Nature Communications, volume 9, Article number: 5013 (2018)


30 years of experimental evolution results in a new sex chromosome

On 3 December 2018, the laboratory of Professor Axel Meyer, University of Konstanz published new findings of an experimental evolutionary project that ran for 30 years on the genomic mechanisms of sex determination in swordtail fish in the journal "N...

– University of Konstanz

Nature Communications


Turning climate change from a 'tragedy of the commons' to positive action

Climate change must no longer be viewed as a "tragedy of the commons", researchers say. December marks the 50th anniversary of the paper that popularized the concept of tragedy of the commons: it argued that individuals will always take advantage ...

– University of Exeter

Global Environmental Change


Study Upends Timeline for Iroquoian History

New research from Cornell University raises questions about the timing and nature of early interactions between indigenous people and Europeans in North America.

– Cornell University

Science Advances


New Virtual Reality Experience Highlights NASA’s Webb Space Telescope

Visit the James Webb Space Telescope at its orbit point beyond the Moon, 1 million miles from Earth. Fly through the Orion Nebula and watch a planet-forming disk take shape. Explore the star fields of a simulated galaxy. Or get hands-on and fling sta...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)


A Banner Year for Pharma

As 2018 draws to a close, the pharmaceutical industry is celebrating a prosperous year of new investments and therapeutic breakthroughs. These successes were driven by cutting-edge science and progress in finally translating long-standing technology ...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)


Cage-free unit added to Mississippi State poultry department

A new poultry research facility at Mississippi State University is addressing the growing consumer and corporate demands for cage-free eggs.

– Mississippi State University


Arctic ice model upgrade to benefit polar research, industry and military

An update for an internationally vital sea-ice computer model developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory with several collaborating groups, called CICE version 6.0, is being released this week, a timely tool that supports more accurate forecasting o...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


Steve Cowley: The knight who leads the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory has “the most fun job”

Profile of Steve Cowley, new director of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory whom the Queen of England knighted in October.

Expert Available

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Emily Day Named Mangone Young Scholar

Emily Day recognized as promising young scholar and researcher

– University of Delaware


Giant pterosaur 'flies' into U-M Museum of Natural History

In preparation for the reopening of the University of Michigan Museum of Natural History next spring, a life-size model of a giant, prehistoric pterosaur was installed in a five-story atrium at the university's new Biological Sciences Building this w...

– University of Michigan


Southern Research Introduces Transgenic Mouse Model in Support of Immuno-Oncology Therapeutic Development

Southern Research has announced the Transgenic Mouse Human PD-1/L1 Model, its newest service offering in support of immuno-oncology (IO) therapeutic development.

– Southern Research

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Study Shows Laws Designed to Ban or Curb Drivers’ Use of Cell Phones are Saving Motorcyclists' Lives

Laws to ban or curb drivers’ use of cell phones and other handheld devices have greatly reduced the rate of fatalities for motorcyclists, according to a new study by faculty at Florida Atlantic University and the University of Miami.

– Florida Atlantic University

Social Science & Medicine


Extreme Ethnic Inequalities in the Care System

‘White British’ children are ten times more likely to be in care than ‘Asian Indian’ children. ‘Black Caribbean’ children are 20 times more likely

– University of Huddersfield

Children and Youth Services Review


Drug wholesalers drove fentanyl's deadly rise, report concludes

Fentanyl, a powerful synthetic opioid implicated in nearly 29,000 overdose deaths in the United States last year, most likely spread because of heroin and prescription pill shortages, and also because it was cheaper for drug wholesalers than heroin, ...

– University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)

Addiction


Johns Hopkins School of Nursing Becomes At-Large Chapter of Sigma Theta Tau International

The Johns Hopkins School of Nursing (JHSON) will hold an inaugural ceremony on December 5 to accept its new title as an “At-Large” chapter of the Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing (Sigma). JHSON’s Nu Beta is the first chapt...

– Johns Hopkins School of Nursing


‘Special Airlift Mission 41’ To Conduct College Station Flyover In Honor Of President George H.W. Bush

The 89th Airlift Wing, based at Joint Base Andrews, Maryland, will conduct a tribute flight in honor of former President George H.W. Bush with an Air Force VC-25A over the interment site at the George H.W. Bush Presidential Library Center on the camp...

– Texas A&M University


University of Texas McCombs School of Business Introduces New Blockchain/FinTech Track to Master’s in Technology Commercialization Degree Program

The McCombs School of Business at The University of Texas at Austin has added a new Blockchain and FinTech track to its 10-month Master of Science in Information Technology and Management program.

– University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

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