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Friday, December 7, 2018

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Medical
(32 New)
Science
(17 New)
Life
(9 New)
Business
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Medical News


In Times of Low Unemployment, Quality of Nursing Home Care Suffers

The low unemployment rate in the U.S. — which fell to a 49 year-low in September and October — is good news to many people, but perhaps not to residents of nursing homes. A Georgetown University Medical Center study found that quality of care in ...

– Georgetown University Medical Center

The Gerontologist

Embargo expired on 07-Dec-2018 at 00:05 ET


Vitamin C May Reduce Harm to Infants’ Lungs Caused by Smoking During Pregnancy;

Vitamin C may reduce the harm done to lungs in infants born to mothers who smoke during their pregnancy, according to a randomized, controlled trial published online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Ca...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Embargo expired on 07-Dec-2018 at 00:15 ET


Natural compound 2HF treats leishmaniasis infections, study finds

Current treatment options for the parasitic disease leishmaniasis are largely ineffective, expensive, and tend to be plagued by resistant parasites and side effects. Now, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have showed that a na...

– PLOS

PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2018 at 14:00 ET


Study Among First to Describe Work Environments for Nurses in Mexico

A study of nurses in Mexico identifies both positive and problematic areas of their work environments, with age, experience, and education level influencing nurses’ perceptions of their workplaces.

– New York University

Hispanic Health Care International

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2018 at 12:05 ET


One Million Mosquitoes and 500,000 Tests Later, New Buzz about a Malaria Prevention Drug

Researchers spent two years testing chemical compounds for their ability to inhibit the malaria parasite at an earlier stage in its lifecycle than most current drugs, revealing a new set of chemical starting points for the first drugs to prevent mala...

– University of California San Diego Health

Science; 5R01AI090141; OPP1086217

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2018 at 14:00 ET


Black Breast Cancer Patients Have Worse Outcomesthan Whites, Even With Similar Treatments

Black women with the most common form of early breast cancer had worse outcomes than white women even after receiving equivalent care, according to a major new study led by Loyola Medicine medical oncologist Kathy Albain, MD. Dr. Albain presented fin...

– Loyola University Health System

San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (meeting)

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2018 at 16:15 ET


Report Finds Evidence of Forced Marriage of Myanmar Women to Chinese Men

Thousands of women and girls are being trafficked from Myanmar to China and forced to marry and bear children, according to new research led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Kachin Women’s Association Thailand (KWAT). ...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2018 at 22:00 ET


Harmful Medical Errors Drop nearly 40% after Implementation of Program to Improve Provider Communication with Families

Harmful medical errors decreased by almost 40 percent after implementing an intervention designed to improve communication between healthcare providers, patients and families, according to a new study published Dec. 6 in the British Medical Journal b...

– Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

British Medical Journal

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2018 at 19:05 ET


Radiation therapy’s pivotal role in treating breast cancer featured at SABCS 2018

This year’s San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (SABCS) features a record number of radiation oncology trials among its oral presentations. Today’s General Session 4 (3:15-5:00 p.m. CT in Hall 3) will showcase five major studies designed to impro...

– American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)

San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, Dec-2018


PET Scans to Optimize Tuberculosis Meningitis Treatments and Personalize Care, Study Finds

Although relatively rare in the United States, and accounting for fewer than 5 percent of tuberculosis cases worldwide, TB of the brain—or tuberculosis meningitis (TBM)—is often deadly, always hard to treat, and a particular threat to young child...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Science Translational Medicine ; R01-EB020539, R01-HL131829, R01-HD069562, K12-HD047349

includes video


Resting easy: Oxygen promotes deep, restorative sleep, study shows

EDMONTON (December 6, 2018)—Exposure to high levels of oxygen encourages the brain to remain in deep, restorative sleep, according to a new study by University of Alberta neuroscientists.

– University of Alberta

Journal of Neurophysiology


PET imaging tracks antibiotic penetration into infected brain lesions for treatment of TB meningitis

TB meningitis causes life-threatening inflammation of the brain, which is difficult to treat due to the inability of drugs to penetrate the blood brain barrier. Researchers used PET imaging to measure antibiotic concentrations in infected brains wit...

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Sci Trans Med, Dec-2018; EB020539, HL131829, HD069562


What does expanded Medicaid mean for the health & work lives of enrollees? A lot, study finds

A new study could help states that will soon expand Medicaid, or may add a work requirement, understand what might be in store. Nearly half of enrollees in Michigan’s expanded Medicaid felt their physical health improved; more than a third cited be...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Journal of General Internal Medicine

includes video


Researchers Determine How the Ancient Virus Hepatitis B Spread

Thanks to viral traces in the genomes of ancient people, researchers from South Ural State University were able to determine that man has been suffering from Hepatitis B since at least the Bronze Age.

– South Ural State University

Nature


Drawing is better than writing for memory retention

Older adults who take up drawing could enhance their memory, according to a new study. Researchers from the University of Waterloo found that even if people weren't good at it, drawing, as a method to help retain new information, was better than r...

– University of Waterloo

Experimental Aging and Research


'Hangxiety' higher in shy people

Very shy people are more likely to suffer "hangxiety" - anxiety during a hangover - than their extrovert friends, new research shows. In a study of almost 100 social drinkers with either high or low levels of shyness, drinking about six units of alc...

– University of Exeter

Personality and Individual Differences


Link between newborns with vitamin D deficiency and schizophrenia confirmed

Newborns with Vitamin D deficiency have an increased risk of schizophrenia later in life, researchers from Aarhus University and the University of Queensland report. The discovery could prevent some cases of the disease, and shows that neonatal vitam...

– Aarhus University

Scientific Reports


Providing supervised medical-grade heroin to heavy users can reduce harms

Providing supervised access to medical-grade heroin to people whose use continues after trying multiple traditional treatments has been successful in other countries, and should be piloted and studied in the United States, according to a new RAND ...

– RAND Corporation


Medical Records Study Suggests Kidneys from Deceased Donors with Acute Kidney Injury are Suitable for Transplant

In medical chart reviews of 2,430 kidneys transplanted from 1,298 donors—585 (24 percent) of them with AKI—researchers say they found no significant differences in rates of organ rejection among kidneys from deceased donors with or without AKI. T...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Kidney International; R01DK-93770, K24DK090203, K23DK105207


Study suggests loneliness can hinder management of diabetes, hypertension

One isn’t just the loneliest number. It may also be the unhealthiest. New research led by Laurie Theeke in the WVU School of Nursing, suggests that loneliness can make it harder for middle-aged Appalachians to manage chronic conditions such as diab...

– West Virginia University

Applied Nursing Research


Schizophrenia Is Linked to Lack of Vitamin D in The Womb; Expert Reacts

Today, a study was shared that claims “Schizophrenia Is Linked to Lack of Vitamin D in The Womb." Dr. Ronald Brenner, chief of the behavioral health services line at Catholic Health Services, who wasn’t involved in this study, reacted to th...

– Catholic Health Services of Long Island

Scientific Reports.


Targeted Cognitive Training Benefits Patients with Severe Schizophrenia

Researchers find that patients with severe, refractory schizophrenia benefit from targeted cognitive therapy, improving auditory and verbal outcomes and the way they process information.

– University of California San Diego Health

Schizophrenia Research


Two-dimensional materials skip the energy barrier by growing one row at a time

News Release RICHLAND, Wash. — A new collaborative study led by a research team at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and University of California, Los Angeles could provide engineers new design rules for creating micr...

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Science


University of Maryland Doctors Treat First Breast Cancer Patients with GammaPod, Latest High-Precision Radiotherapy

Radiation oncologists at the University of Maryland Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Comprehensive Cancer Center (UMGCCC) are now treating patients with the GammaPod™, a new FDA-cleared radiation therapy for early-stage breast cancer. The UMGCCC is t...

– University of Maryland Medical Center/School of Medicine

includes video


Penn Medicine Plastic Surgeons Perform World’s First Robotic Bilateral Breast Reconstruction

A team of surgeons from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania are the first in the world to use a surgical robot to assist with a bilateral free flap breast reconstruction, allowing patients to recover and be discharged mo...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania


More people getting flu vaccine this year, says UGA study

Compared with last year more adults getting and intending to get a flu vaccination in 2018-19 flu season

– University of Georgia


Latest research in immunotherapy and Merkel cell carcinoma; advances in studying persistent HIV infection; transplants that could cure blood cancers and block HIV; and ASH highlights

Summaries of recent Fred Hutch research with links for additional background and media contacts.

– Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center


Bah, Humbug? Psychology Expert on How to Cope With Holiday Stress

'Tis the season to be merry and bright! But you may be feeling less than joyful during the "most wonderful time of the year." Do you experience stress, anxiety or even depression from November to January? If so, you're not alone.

Expert Available

– University of Kentucky


Mount Sinai Researcher Receives $2.5 Million to Fight Neurodegenerative Disorders, Including ALS, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s

Chan Zuckerberg Initiative Funding Brings Together Interdisciplinary Experts to Accelerate Understanding

– Mount Sinai Health System


Heather Gornik, MD, joins University Hospitals as co-director of Harrington Heart & Vascular Institute’s Vascular Center

Heather Gornik, MD, has been named co-director of the Vascular Center at University Hospitals Harrington Heart & Vascular Institute.

– University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center


NYU Langone Hospital–Brooklyn Welcomes Cancer Surgeon and Skilled Researcher

Camilo Correa, MD, is a surgical oncologist specializing in liver, pancreas, bile duct, and intestinal cancers. A native of Colombia, Correa completed a postdoctoral research fellowship at Harvard Medical School and a clinical fellowship at Memorial ...

– NYU Langone Hospital - Brooklyn


UI Health Craniofacial Center to celebrate holidays with patients, families

The UI Health Craniofacial Center will host a holiday party for young patients, infant to 15 years old. Pediatric patients born with cleft lip and palate or other craniofacial birth conditions, their families and center staff — more than 500 people...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Science News


Hysterectomy Linked to Memory Deficit in an Animal Model

The non-pregnant uterus is commonly assumed to be an unimportant organ. One third of American women have a hysterectomy by age 60, often before natural menopause. Arizona State University researchers have found an animal model of hysterectomy resulte...

– Arizona State University (ASU)

Endocrinology

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2018 at 14:00 ET

includes video


Hysterectomy May Be Linked to Brain Function

Hysterectomy can impair some types of memory in the short term following the surgery, according to a rat study published in the Endocrine Society’s journal Endocrinology.

– Endocrine Society

Endocrinology

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2018 at 14:00 ET


New Traffic Rules in Graphene City

Methods to control the ballistic movement of electrons in bi-layer graphene - called a valve and beamsplitter - could be a new way to control electron traffic in electronic devices.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Science -Dec-2018

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2018 at 14:00 ET

includes video


Solar Base Station Gets Upgrade

The improvements will facilitate solar energy research conducted by scientists from Brookhaven Lab and outside institutions.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Embargo expired on 07-Dec-2018 at 07:30 ET


Damning Evidence of Dam’s Impacts on Rainforest Birds

A study by an international team of conservation scientists found that a dam built in Thailand 31 years ago has caused the local bird population to collapse.

– Wildlife Conservation Society


Electron Shields Can Protect against Electromagnetic Radiation

The space surrounding us is literally pierced with electromagnetic radiation and magnetic fields of natural and artificial origin. Even a short electromagnetic pulse is enough to knock equipment of any level of complexity out of operation. Candidate ...

– South Ural State University

Journal of Alloys and Compounds


Strong growth in global CO2 emissions expected for 2018

Global carbon emissions are set to hit an all-time high in 2018 - according to researchers at the University of East Anglia (UEA) and the Global Carbon Project.

– University of East Anglia

Nature


Bringing balance to the universe: New theory could explain missing 95 percent of the cosmos

Scientists at the University of Oxford may have solved one of the biggest questions in modern physics, with a new paper unifying dark matter and dark energy into a single phenomenon: a fluid which possesses 'negative mass'. If you were to push a nega...

– University of Oxford

Astronomy & Astrophysics


An ancient strain of plague may have led to the decline of Neolithic Europeans

A team of researchers from France, Sweden, and Denmark have identified a new strain of Yersinia pestis, the bacteria that causes plague, in DNA extracted from 5,000-year-old human remains. Their analyses, publishing December 6 in the journal Cell, su...

– Cell Press

Cell


Blasting Molecules with Extreme X-Rays

To understand how damage from high-energy X-rays affects imaging studies, scientists supported by the Department of Energy shot the most powerful X-ray laser in the world at a series of atoms and molecules. Surprisingly, the atoms within the molecule...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature, 31 May 2017


Biggest extinction in Earth’s history caused by global warming leaving ocean animals gasping for breath

The largest extinction in Earth’s history marked the end of the Permian period, some 252 million years ago. Long before dinosaurs, our planet was populated with plants and animals that were mostly obliterated after a series of massive volcanic erup...

– University of Washington

Science


How do breeders know which part of the DNA corresponds to the trait they are breeding for?

Plant breeders need to know there’s good genetics in the crops they are developing. The Dec. 7th Sustainable, Secure Food blog explains how crop scientists improve crops using data gathered from both the field and the lab.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Leave Nothing Up in the Air: Bridge Inspections in the Age of Drones

Drones make bridge inspections safer and easier to document. A complementary 3-D bridge app developed by the Michigan Tech Research Institute also streamlines defect records.

– Michigan Technological University

Michigan Department of Transportation


What if Humans Are No Longer Earth's Most Intelligent Beings?

In his final, posthumously published book, famed physicist Stephen Hawking raises an alarm about the dangers of artificial intelligence, or AI, and the existential threat it could pose to humanity.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Initiative aims to improve education, business with AI

A collaboration between Cornell University and r4 Technologies, a Connecticut-based artificial intelligence company, will develop and apply artificial intelligence solutions to structural challenges that have hindered growth and modernization, and wi...

– Cornell University


APL, Collaborators Launch World’s Largest Neuroscience Data Repository

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) in Laurel, Maryland, collaborating with scientists from Johns Hopkins University and many other universities and research organizations

– Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

Nature Methods


DHS S&T Awards $1.14M to Two Organizations to Improve Cyber Data Privacy

DHS Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) has awarded a total of $1,149,900 across two organizations to develop new research and development (R&D) capabilities to enhance the management of privacy threats and vulnerabilities.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


New Book by Rensselaer Faculty Member Explores History of “Closed Worlds”

Lydia Kallipoliti, assistant professor in the School of Architecture at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, has authored The Architecture of Closed Worlds: Or, What is the Power of Shit? in collaboration with Storefront for Art and Architecture.

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2018 at 14:00 ET


Fear: The Big Inhibitor of Innovation and Transformation

Momentum is growing in the corporate world — more companies are realizing that the convergence of advancing technologies will change how we live and how we work. This realization has led some leaders to initiate either a digital transformation or t...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Hach President on Leadership: Measure Impact Instead of Checking Boxes

Hach Co. President Kevin Klau (MBA ’02) attributes much of his career success to what he described as his good fortune to align himself with three “extraordinary institutions” in his life: the University of Notre Dame, the University of Virgini...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Finance Now: The Trends Three Darden Professors Are Watching

The finance sector is as dynamic and multilayered as ever. The space remains one of the most robust at the University of Virginia Darden School of Business — a key component of the core curriculum and the source of scores of electives taught by mor...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Political Lessons from the Past

“Mortal Republic: How Rome Fell Into Tyranny” by UC San Diego Department of History professor Edward J. Watts explores what factors made the 500-year republic susceptible to collapse, where lessons from the the past can apply to today's political...

– University of California San Diego


Expert: “Literature’s not dead; VR to Inspire Next Generation of Storytellers”

What does virtual reality (VR) have in common with Shakespeare and Hemingway?

Expert Available

– New York Institute of Technology


Smithsonian Latino Center’s Molina Family Latino Gallery To Open in 2021 at the National Museum of American History

The Smithsonian Latino Center’s first gallery space, the Molina Family Latino Gallery, will be dedicated to celebrating the U.S. Latino experience and open at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History in 2021. The gallery, designed by...

– Smithsonian Institution


UIC establishes new graduate degree in city design

Chicago, a city known worldwide for its planning and design, will have its first-ever graduate degree in city design when the University of Illinois at Chicago launches a new program next fall.

– University of Illinois at Chicago


Thunderbird’s Master of Global Management degree named No. 1 in Times Higher Education/Wall Street Journal 2019 Business Schools Report

Thunderbird is the only US-based school in the report’s top 5 “Master in Management” degrees.

– Arizona State University (ASU)

Business News


Where Angels Don't Fear to Tread: Tips for Aspiring Early-Stage Investors

Like wealthy New York “angels” who funded Broadway productions a century ago, today’s angel investors have a healthy appetite for risk, providing personal capital to fledgling companies in exchange for equity.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

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