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Tuesday, December 11, 2018

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Medical
(35 New)
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(19 New)
Life
(11 New)
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Medical News


Siblings of children with autism or ADHD are at elevated risk for both disorders

Later-born siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at elevated risk for both disorders, a new study led by Meghan Miller, assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry and ...

– UC Davis MIND Institute

JAMA Pediatrics

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 11:00 ET


Study finds higher risk of breast cancer for women after giving birth

A collaborative group of researchers co-led by a UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center scientist found that, in women 55 years and younger, breast cancer risk peaked about five years after they gave birth, with risk for mothers 80 percent higher...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Annals of Internal Medicine

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 17:00 ET


Big Datasets Pinpoint New Regions to Explore the Genome for Disease

Researchers use a data set of more than 100,000 individuals to identify genetic regions intolerant to change that may underlie developmental disorders.

– University of Utah Health

Nature Genetics; R01HG006693; R01GM124355; U24CA209999; R01HG009141

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 11:00 ET

includes video


Regrowing damaged nerves hinges on shutting down key genes

Neurons in the brain and spinal cord don’t grow back after injury, unlike those in the rest of the body. Now, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified some of the key steps taken by nerves in the legs as...

– Washington University in St. Louis

PNAS, Dec-2018; NS096034

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 15:00 ET


Studies Reveal Role of Red Meat in Gut Bacteria, Heart Disease Development

CLEVELAND: In concurrent studies, Cleveland Clinic researchers have uncovered new mechanisms that demonstrate why and how regularly eating red meat can increase the risk of heart disease, and the role gut bacteria play in that process. The resear...

– Cleveland Clinic

European Heart Journal; Journal of Clinical Investigation

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 16:00 ET


MD Anderson study shows key enzyme linked to therapy resistance in deadly lung cancer

Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have identified a link between an enzyme tied to cancer formation and therapy resistance in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSC...

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

Cancer Cell

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 11:00 ET


Genetic Avatars: Penn Team Uses Gene Editing to Personalize Clinical Care for Family with Cardiomyopathy

More and more, through sequencing done for medical reasons or done by direct-to-consumer companies, people learn they have variants of disease genes with uncertain significance to their health. With a new assay, researchers have a way to determine th...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Circulation; R01-HL118744, R01-GM104464

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 14:00 ET


NCCN Patient Advocacy Summit Examines Disparities in Cancer Care and Explores Solutions

Advocates, patients, providers, and other experts examine disparities and explore solution at the NCCN Patient Advocacy Summit on Equity in Cancer Care

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 13:05 ET


Harrington Discovery Institute at University Hospitals announces 2019 grant funding to 10 physician-scientists

Announcement of 2019 Harrington Scholar-Innovator Award recipients by the Harrington Discovery Institute at University Hospitals in Cleveland.

– University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 13:45 ET


The Richer the Reward, The Faster You’ll Likely Move to Reach It, Study Shows

If you are wondering how long you personally are willing to stand in line to buy that hot new holiday gift, scientists at Johns Hopkins Medicine say the answer may be found in the biological rules governing how animals typically forage for food and o...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS); 1R01NS078311, 1R01NS096083


Pushing Closer to a New Cancer-Fighting Strategy

A molecular pathway that’s frequently mutated in many different forms of cancer becomes active when cells push parts of their membranes outward into bulging protrusions, Johns Hopkins researchers report in a new study. The finding, published Nov. 7...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Nature Communications; K22CA212060, P50CA098252, R01CA183040, S10 OD018118, DARPA HR0011-16-C-0139


Metastatic Breast Cancer Survival Improves with New CDK-Inhibitor Plus Endocrine Therapy

A study finds that palbociclib, in combination with endocrine therapy, improves progression free survival

– Sbarro Health Research Organization (SHRO)

Journal of Cell Physiology


Obesity, Risk of Cognitive Dysfunction? Consider High-intensity Interval Exercise

Researchers have discovered what might be an effective strategy to prevent and combat cognitive dysfunction in obese individuals. They are the first to examine the modulatory role of an exercise-induced protein in the brain that promotes neuron survi...

– Florida Atlantic University

Experimental Biology and Medicine


New Generation of Therapeutics Based on Understanding of Aging Biology Show Promise for Alzheimer's Disease

A scientific strategy that explores therapeutic targets based on the biology of aging is gaining ground as an effective approach to prevent and treat Alzheimer's disease, according to research published in the December 7, 2018 online issue of Neurolo...

– Alzheimer's Drug Discovery Foundation

Neurology®


Mount Sinai Researchers: 20-Year Study Reveals Pseudopolyps Do Not Predict Neoplasia in IBD patients

In a study published today in Gastroenterology, a team of researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and elsewhere finds that there is no association between post-inflammatory polyps (PIPs), also known as pseudopolyps, and advanced ...

– Mount Sinai Health System

Gastroenterology


Providers Show Interest in Prescribing Therapeutic Cannabinoids

A team from the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences found many dermatologists are interested in learning more about and recommending therapeutic cannabinoids to their patients.

– George Washington University

Journal of Drugs in Dermatology


Researchers Develop Personalized Medicine Tool for Inherited Colorectal Cancer Syndrome Risk

An international team of researchers led by Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) at the University of Utah (U of U) has developed, calibrated, and validated a novel tool for identifying the genetic changes in Lynch syndrome genes that are likely to be res...

– Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah

Genetics in Medicine


Editing Consciousness: How Bereaved People Control Their Thoughts without Knowing It

A new study from Columbia Engineering and Columbia University Irving Medical Center shows that avoidant grievers unconsciously monitor and block the contents of their mind-wandering, a discovery that could lead to more effective psychiatric treatment...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

SCAN: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience


Two Compounds in Coffee May Team Up to Fight Parkinson’s

Rutgers scientists have found a compound in coffee that may team up with caffeine to fight Parkinson’s disease and Lewy body dementia – two progressive and currently incurable diseases associated with brain degeneration.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), Dec-2018


Study points to optimal blood pressure treatment for stroke patients

Aggressive treatment of hypertension in stroke patients could do more harm than good in the long term, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Georgia.

– University of Georgia

American Journal of Hypertension


Sprayable gel developed by UCLA-led team could help the body fight off cancer after surgery

Many people who are diagnosed with cancer will undergo some type of surgery to treat their disease — almost 95 percent of people with early-diagnosed breast cancer will require surgery and it’s often the first line of treatment for people with br...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Nature Nanotechnology


3-D Printing Offers Helping Hand to Patients with Arthritis

3-D printing can cut the cost of adaptive aids that help people with hand arthritis. Current products are quite expensive, and more so to create customized versions, but 3-D printing drops the cost by an average of 94 percent for 20 different handhel...

– Michigan Technological University

Geriatrics, Dec-2018

includes video


Missing the sweet spot: Millions of low-risk people with diabetes may be testing their blood sugar too often

For people with Type 2 diabetes, testing blood sugar levels becomes part of everyday life. But a new study suggests that some of them test more often than they need to. Fourteen percent of people with Type 2 diabetes who don’t require insulin are b...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

JAMA Internal Medicine


Obsessive-compulsive disorder may offer protection from obesity

A new study led by Amitai Abramovitch, assistant professor in the Department of Psychology at Texas State University, shows that individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are significantly less likely to become overweight or obese.

– Texas State University

Abramovitch et al., 2015 A. Abramovitch, D.A. Pizzagalli, D.A. Geller, L. Reuman, S. Wilhelm Cigarette smoking in obsessive-comp; Abramovitch et al., 2014 A. Abramovitch, D.A. Pizzagalli, L. Reuman, S. Wilhelm Anhedonia in obsessive-compulsive disorder: beyo...


New tool delivers swifter picture of cognitive deficit

A new tool, developed by researchers from the University of Adelaide, will assist clinicians to assess people suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD).

– University of Adelaide

Journal of Clinical Psychiatry


What more could we do to prevent veteran suicides? Survey reveals clues

Every day, 20 veterans die by suicide -- and most choose a firearm to do it. A new survey of veterans who receive VA mental health care could guide suicide prevention efforts. Ninety-three percent said they would approve of the VA offering options to...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

General Hospital Psychiatry, November–December 2018, DOI: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2018.10.010


Workshop Promotes Patient Advocacy in Cancer Research

The University of Kansas Cancer Center and the the Midwest Cancer Alliance co-hosted an introductory training workshop for individuals who want to learn more about KU Cancer Center’s patient research advocacy program, PIVOT

– University of Kansas Cancer Center


SHRO Partners with Film Festival to Recognize Importance of Virtual Reality in Medicine and Celebrate Italian-Origin Filmmakers

This week, SHRO partners with the Italian Movie Award International Film Festival to support Italian-American work in cinema, particularly in recognition for accomplishments with the use of Virtual Reality (VR) in applications in medicine

– Sbarro Health Research Organization (SHRO)

ITALIAN MOVIE AWARD CINEMATOGRAPHY AWARD & INTERNATIONAL FILM FESTIVAL


Health Experts Call on EPA to Reverse Decision to Eliminate Pollutant-Specific Panels

In a letter to EPA Acting Administrator Andrew Wheeler members of the scientific community expressed concern about the agency’s decision to dissolve pollutant-specific advisory panels, including one charged with setting the National Ambient Air Qua...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

2019 International Conference


USDA’s Proposed Rule Offers Flexibility: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Encourages Schools to Stay on Course

School nutrition programs will have more flexibility in areas related to serving flavored milk and whole grains under a final rule released this week by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The rule also allows more time for schools to reach sodium re...

– Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics


Penn Establishes Master of Science Genetic Counseling Program

The Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and Arcadia University are launching a Master of Science in Genetic Counseling program at Penn in 2019.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania


New Rush Oak Brook Outpatient Center Brings Nationally Ranked Programs to Western Suburbs

Rush will expand access to academic health care for people living in the western suburbs of Chicago with the opening of a new, medical professional building in Oak Brook in January 2019.

– Rush University Medical Center


ACI Welcomes New FDA Rulemaking for Food Handler Antiseptic Products

The American Cleaning Institute (ACI) welcomed a proposal by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to create a separate regulatory category for antiseptic products used in food handler settings.

– American Cleaning Institute


Penny DeGoosh named director of Social Work at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital

Penny DeGoosh, LICSW, has been named the director of Social Work at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.

– St. Jude Children's Research Hospital


Mount Sinai Opens New State-of-the Art Express Care Center

Mount Sinai Health System today opened a new, full-service center called Mount Sinai Express Care that offers immediate care for minor injuries and illnesses.

– Mount Sinai Health System

Science News


Humans may be reversing the climate clock, by 50 million years

Our future on Earth may also be our past. In a study published Monday (Dec. 10, 2018) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers show that humans are reversing a long-term cooling trend tracing back at least 50 million years...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

PNAS Dec. 10, 2018

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 15:00 ET


Houses in Hurricane Strike Zones Are Built Back Bigger

A study of hurricane-hit areas of the United States has revealed a trend of larger homes being built to replace smaller ones in the years following a storm.

– University of Southampton

Nature Sustainability

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 11:00 ET


Compelling Evidence for Small Drops of Perfect Fluid

Nuclear physicists analyzing data from the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) have published additional evidence that collisions of miniscule projectiles with gold nuclei create tiny specks of the perfect fluid that filled ...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Nature Physics, Dec. 10, 2018

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 11:00 ET


Topological Matters: Toward a New Kind of Transistor

An experiment has demonstrated, for the first time, electronic switching in an exotic, ultrathin material that can carry a charge with nearly zero loss at room temperature. Researchers demonstrated this switching when subjecting the material to a low...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature, Dec. 10, 2018

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 11:00 ET


Shape-Shifting Origami Could Help Antenna Systems Adapt On The Fly

Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have devised a method for using an origami-based structure to create radio frequency filters that have adjustable dimensions, enabling the devices to change which signals they block throughout a larg...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Proceedings of the National Academy of Science; NSF Nos. CMMI 1538830 and RD928; DOD No. RE202; SRC No. RG460; AFOSR No. RK049; Brazilian National Council 235104/2014-0...

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 15:00 ET


Parents, kids spend more time discussing how to use mobile technology than talking about content

Most parents would agree that one of the of the biggest modern parenting challenges is monitoring a child's online activity.

– University of Michigan

Journal of Child and Family


The Biermann Battery Effect: Spontaneous Generation of Magnetic Fields and Their Severing

The mechanism responsible for creating intense magnetic fields in laser-driven plasmas also helps tear the fields apart.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physical Review Letters 121, 095001 (2018). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.095001]; Physics of Plasmas 25,102106 (2018). [DOI: 10.1063/1.5050813]


UNH Researchers Find Unexpected Impact of Hurricanes on Puerto Rico’s Watershed

Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have found unprecedentedly high levels of nitrate, an essential plant nutrient, in streams and watersheds of Puerto Rico for a year after two consecutive major hurricanes in 2017. This high amount of nit...

– University of New Hampshire

American Geophysical Union


Scientists brew lava and blow it up to better understand volcanoes

What happens when lava and water meet? Explosive experiments with manmade lava are exploring this question. This long-term, ongoing study published its first results on Dec. 10, and aims to shed light on the basic physics of lava-water interactions, ...

– University at Buffalo

Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Solid Earth


How Will the Winds of Climate Change Affect Migratory Birds?

Under future climate scenarios, changing winds may make it harder for North American birds to migrate southward in the autumn, but make it easier for them to come back north in the spring. Researchers from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology came to this ...

– Cornell University

Global Change Biology, Dec. 2018


Rutgers Partners with Pioneering Research Outreach Center to Promote Scientific Research

Rutgers recently became a partner in an innovative center – funded with a $5.2 million National Science Foundation grant – to translate the importance of scientific research to the general public.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today


Under snow, underfoot: soils in winter

Chilling sub-zero temperatures. Astounding snowfalls. The weather outside is frightful. Yet under the snow and frost, life in soils carries on! Soils Matter, Soil Science Society of America’s science-based blog, provides insights to soils in winter...

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Damages from Fires Will Decrease: Scientists Upgraded Fire Standpipe

Last year more than 100 thousand fires happened in Russia and thousands of people suffered as a result. It is possible to decrease a number of victims and a scale of financial damages if improve the process of fire fighting.

– South Ural State University


Interactive Website Reveals the Unseen Universe

A new website with interactive sliders lets visitors explore the multiwavelength cosmos and learn the secrets that are revealed by going beyond visible light.

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)


Two UF/IFAS Researchers Inducted Into Prestigious AAAS

Among their many accomplishments, one may be best known for trying to grow plants in space; the other, for helping growers battle bacterial spot disease of tomato.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


Human Organoids to Speed Drug Development and Personalized Treatments;

Bethesda, MD, December 4, 2018 – Human organoids are being hailed as a major development in biomedicine in a report issued by the American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB) to be released Monday, Dec. 10 at a session at the 2018 ASCB|EMBO Meeting in ...

– American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB)


$1.3M invested to help NYS Concord growers renovate vineyards

New York state is investing $1.3 million in a new Concord Vineyard Improvement Program at Cornell University to help Concord grape growers renovate vineyards, plant new vines or diversify vineyard operations, Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced Dec. 7.

– Cornell University


The Emerging Science of Risk Analysis

The Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) released a series of foundational papers covering the core subjects, key principles and a glossary of risk-related terminology to support research and practices for all types of applications.

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)


Cybersecurity Expert to Keynote DHS S&T Cybersecurity and Innovation Showcase

American Internet pioneer and security expert Vint Cerf will be a keynote speaker for the 2019 S&T Cybersecurity and Innovation Showcase on January 10, 2019 at the Washington Marriott Wardman Park in Washington, D.C.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


New Study Finds Bias against Women & Girls When Intellectual Ability is Sought

A new study finds bias against both women and girls for jobs or activities requiring intellectual ability. The research underscores the pervasiveness of gender bias, held even among females, in both adults and young children.

– New York University

American Psychologist

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 16:00 ET


A minority of countries offer free early childhood education, UCLA researchers report

Few governments make pre-primary education available on a tuition-free basis for two or more years, according to a new study from the WORLD Policy Analysis Center.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

International Organisations Research Journal

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 10:00 ET


Domination of Housing Markets by Few Builders Slows the Industry and Poses Risk to Overall Economy

The growing domination of local homebuilding markets by relatively few firms has slowed the housing industry, posing a risk to the overall American economy, two researchers at Johns Hopkins University demonstrate in a new study.

– Johns Hopkins University Carey Business School


Alternative Food Culture Now Mainstream

Remember when being a vegetarian or vegan was considered radical? It’s now thought quite ordinary, according to a new book co-edited by QUT and University of Adelaide food researchers.

– University of Adelaide

Alternative Food Politics: From the Margins to the Mainstream


A Unique Program Can Help to Learn Russian Language

Due to modern technology development, there are more and more people willing to learn foreign languages distantly. Scientists of South Ural State University developed an innovative robotized dialog system for learning Russian language by internationa...

– South Ural State University


Nursing student is determined to succeed despite DACA uncertainty

Wichita State University senior nursing student Flor Maritza Mercado is one of the thousands of people in the United States who is impacted by Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA).

– Wichita State University


Graduating Senior Finds Passion at Intersection of Art, Science

When Olivia De Kok left her hometown of Sheldon for Iowa State University, she didn’t know what she wanted to do. She enjoyed her biology classes, but something was missing. That’s when she found biological and pre-medical illustration.

– Iowa State University

includes video


First-generation student finds ‘home’ at Iowa State, future in kinesiology

Soccer is a huge part of Alejandro Martinez’s culture and his family, and it was his own soccer injuries at South Tama County High School – as well as words of wisdom from the athletic trainer who helped him recover – that led him to Iowa State...

– Iowa State University

includes video


Summer undergraduate researcher increases knowledge, confidence

“You can learn a lot here in a small amount of time," said Oglala Lakota college student Dillon Nelson of his summer research experience at South Dakota State. That knowledge was both scientific and personal.

– South Dakota State University


Creighton professor dedicated to rooting out social media's trolls

An expert in online behavior and social media networks, Samer Al-khateeb, PhD, is in his first semester on the Creighton faculty and working on a book on social cyber-forensics, a field in which he’s been active for several years dating back to his...

Expert Available

– Creighton University


UIC receives $1M bequest from beloved art history professor

Ross Edman and his partner, both professors, upon their deaths, gave bequests to their respective universities where each taught for decades.

– University of Illinois at Chicago

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