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Thursday, December 13, 2018

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Medical News


New Findings on Concussion in Football’s Youngest Players

New research from Seattle Children’s Research Institute and UW Medicine’s Sports Health and Safety Institute found concussion rates among football players ages 5-14 were higher than previously reported, with five out of every 100 youth, or 5%, su...

– Seattle Children's Hospital

The Journal of Pediatric

Embargo expired on 13-Dec-2018 at 00:05 ET


15 percent of babies exposed to Zika before birth had severe abnormalities in first 18 months of life

By age 12 to 18 months, 6.25% of children exposed to Zika during their mothers’ pregnancies had eye abnormalities, 12.2% had hearing problems, and 11.7% had severe delays in language, motor skills and/or cognitive function. In all, 14.5% had at lea...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

New England Journal of Medicine

Embargo expired on 12-Dec-2018 at 17:00 ET


Risk of Dementia Increased Among Female Veterans with TBI, PTSD, Depression

Female military veterans who have traumatic brain injury, post-traumatic stress disorder or depression long after their service may be more likely to later develop dementia than female veterans without those conditions, according to a study published...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

American Academy of Neurology.

Embargo expired on 12-Dec-2018 at 16:00 ET


Large Restaurant Portions a Global Problem, Study Finds

A multi-country study finds that large portion sizes in fast food and full service restaurants is not a problem unique to the U.S. The researchers found that 94 percent of full service meals and 72 percent of fast food meals studied in five countries...

– Tufts University

BMJ 2018;363:k4864

Embargo expired on 12-Dec-2018 at 18:30 ET


High-Dose Antipsychotics Place Children at Increased Risk of Unexpected Death

Children and young adults without psychosis who are prescribed high-dose antipsychotic medications are at increased risk of unexpected death, despite the availability of other medications to treat their conditions, according to a Vanderbilt Universit...

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center

JAMA Psychiatry

Embargo expired on 12-Dec-2018 at 11:00 ET


UK General Practitioners Skeptical That Artificial Intelligence Could Replace Them

In a UK-wide survey published in the journal PLOS ONE, researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), and colleagues investigated primary care physicians’ views on AI’s looming impact on health professions.

– Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

PLOS ONE

Embargo expired on 12-Dec-2018 at 13:00 ET


Five things anyone can do to prevent addiction or help people suffering

While friends or family members may feel helpless if someone they know suffers from addiction, one UAB physician says hope can start at home.


Expert Available

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Embargo expired on 12-Dec-2018 at 12:00 ET


Swarming Behavior Discovered in Fish-Dwelling Parasite

Johns Hopkins researchers have observed a previously unrecognized behavior in a single-celled parasite called Spironucleus vortens, which infects ornamental fish such as angelfish: The protozoans swarm.

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology


Make Sure Protective Eyewear is on Your Christmas Shopping List

A new study in Ophthalmology Retina – a journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology – shows that BB and pellet guns do blind children every year. And, the number of eye injuries related to such nonpowder guns are increasing at an alarming ra...

– American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO)

Ophthalmology Retina


New Study Investigates Treatments for Prurigo Nodularis

A team from the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences found emerging treatments, such as neurokinin-1 receptor antagonists, were the most promising against prurigo nodularis.

– George Washington University

Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology


Eligibility Criteria Unfairly Limit Minorities’ Access to Hip and Knee Replacement Surgeries

In a study of medical records pulled from a national database, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers have found that underrepresented populations are less likely than others to be eligible for hip or knee replacement surgeries because they do not meet c...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research


Exercise Following Weight Loss May Reduce Colorectal Cancer Risk, Study Finds

New research suggests that exercise is a key factor in reducing colorectal cancer risk after weight loss. According to the study, physical activity causes beneficial changes in the bone marrow. The study is published ahead of print in the American Jo...

– American Physiological Society (APS)

American Journal of Physiology—Endocrinology and Metabolism


Pesticide Exposure Raises Risk for Cardiovascular Disease Among Latino Workers

Latinos who are exposed to pesticides in their workplaces are twice as likely to have cardiovascular disease compared with Latinos who are not exposed to pesticides at work, according to a new study published in the journal Heart.The study looked at ...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Heart


What can a snowflake teach us about how cancer spreads in the body?

Conventional math cannot adequately model the interaction of multiple genes over multiple time frames – a necessary foundation for any cancer-fighting drugs. The study, published in “Frontiers in Physiology” by Mahboobeh Ghorbani, Edmond Jonckh...

– University of Southern California Viterbi School of Engineering

DARPA Young Faculty Award; National Science Foundation Career ; Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency


Hearing loss is a risk factor for premature death

A new study links hearing loss with an increased risk for mortality before the age of 75 due to cardiovascular disease. Researchers at the Robert N. Butler Columbia Aging Center at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health found that mortal...

– Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health

Social Science & Medicine


Tube travel linked to the spread of flu-like illnesses

Despite the commuter cold being a widely accepted concept, it has never been proven that public transport contributes to the spread of airborne infections. Now new research on the London underground commute has proven a link does exist.

– University of Bristol

Environmental Health


Gut hormone increases response to food

The holiday season is a hard one for anyone watching their weight. The sights and smells of food are hard to resist. One factor in this hunger response is a hormone found in the stomach that makes us more vulnerable to tasty food smells, encouraging ...

– McGill University

Cell Reports


Increased Motor Activity Linked to Improved Mood

Increasing one’s level of physical activity may be an effective way to boost one’s mood, according to a new study from a team including scientists at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in collaboration with the National Institute of ...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

AMA Psychiatry


Loss of Tight Junction Protein Promotes Development of Precancerous Cells

BIDMC researchers demonstrated that the lack of claudin 18 prompts the development of precancerous, abnormal cells and polyps in the engineered mouse model.

– Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Gastroenterology


Spinal Cord Injuries Throw Body Clocks Off Schedule, New Study Shows

Following a spinal cord injury, the body’s internal clocks fall out of sync, impacting temperature, hormones and immunity, according to new research funded by the U.S. Department of Defense. The findings could lead to “chronotherapies” to reset...

– University of Colorado Boulder

Eneuro 2018


Researchers Design Technology That Sees Nerve Cells Fire

Researchers at Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, have created a noninvasive technology that detects when nerve cells fire based on changes in shape. The method could be used to observe nerve activity in light-accessible parts of the body, s...

– NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Light: Science & Applications, Dec 12, 2018


Blood Test Could Lead to Cystic Fibrosis Treatment Tailored to Each Patient

Researchers at Stanley Manne Children’s Research Institute at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago, and colleagues, used a blood test and microarray technology to identify distinct molecular signatures in children with cystic fibr...

– Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Physiological Genomics


Researchers identify pathway that drives sustained pain following injury

Research in mice identifies a set of neurons responsible for sustained pain and resulting pain-coping behaviors. Findings point to the existence of separate neural pathways that regulate threat avoidance versus injury mitigation Existence of separat...

– Harvard Medical School

Nature


Researchers Investigate Treating Post-Stroke Depression with Magnetic Fields

Post-stroke depression stems from the cardiovascular changes in the brain that lead to a stroke in the first place. It’s a type of depression that scientists are just now starting to probe. At the West Virginia University School of Medicine, a team...

– West Virginia University


SJU Unveils Autism Break Room to Support Sports Fans with Autism

Saint Joseph’s University is one of the first higher education institutions to offer an Autism Break Room in an NCAA Division I athletic arena

– Saint Joseph's University


Two Young Women with Cystic Fibrosis Reflect on their Care at Robert Wood Johnson Medical School's Nationally Ranked CF Center

Julia and Cameron were born with cystic fibrosis (CF), an inherited, chronic, progressive disease that affects respiratory and pancreatic function. Both artists and athletes, they refuse to let the disease define their lives, and consider themselves ...

– Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School


Questions & Answers: Normal-Tension Glaucoma

What is Normal-tension glaucoma? Also called low-tension or normal-pressure glaucoma, normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) is a condition in which the optic nerve is damaged without eye pressure exceeding the average range (usually between 12-21mm Hg).

– Glaucoma Research Foundation


Questions & Answers: Normal-Tension Glaucoma

What is Normal-tension glaucoma? Also called low-tension or normal-pressure glaucoma, normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) is a condition in which the optic nerve is damaged without eye pressure exceeding the average range (usually between 12-21mm Hg).

– Glaucoma Research Foundation


The Medical Minute: Practicing mindfulness can help with everyday stress

To practice mindfulness, you must pay attention. It might sound simple, but in our fast-paced society, being engaged in the present moment, on purpose and non-judgmentally, can be a challenge.

– Penn State Health


Resoluciones para el año nuevo: experto de Mayo Clinic ofrece sugerencias para vivir más largo

A medida que el nuevo año se aproxima, entre las resoluciones de muchas personas está alcanzar un buen estado físico y mejorar el bienestar. Ahora, los científicos descubren que ambas mejoras pueden llevar a vivir más largo.

Expert Available

– Mayo Clinic

Mayo Clinic Proceedings


Dr. Matthias von Herrath named world’s leading type 1 diabetes expert

Dr. Matthias von Herrath, M.D., who founded the Type 1 Diabetes Center at La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI) has been identified as the world’s top expert in Type 1 Diabetes by Expertscape, an organization that provides tools to quickly and ea...

Expert Available

– La Jolla Institute for Immunology


OADN Enters Strategic Partnership with CGFNS International

CGFNS International Enters Strategic Partnership with OADN to Examine Global Nursing Education

– Organization for Associate Degree Nursing (OADN)


Moffitt Names New Associate Center Director of Community Outreach & Engagement

Moffitt Cancer Center has named Susan Thomas Vadaparampil, Ph.D., M.P.H, its first Associate Center Director of Community Outreach & Engagement. The newly created leadership role is of great importance to the cancer center, as it focuses on the impac...

– Moffitt Cancer Center


Multi-Million Grant from the Rita & Alex Hillman Foundation Will Fund National Implementation of Johns Hopkins School of Nursing’s Aging-in-Place Program

The Johns Hopkins School of Nursing (JHSON) will receive the largest grant ever given by the Rita & Alex Hillman Foundation to a single nurse-driven innovation, marking JHSON’s leadership in transformative models of care that focus on social determ...

– Johns Hopkins School of Nursing


Hematology Researcher and Dean of Medicine Elected NAI Fellow

Kenneth Kaushansky, MD, MACP, Senior Vice President of the Health Sciences and Dean of the Renaissance School of Medicine at Stony Brook University, has been elected a Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors (NAI).

– Stony Brook University


The Nicola-Musso Charitable Foundation and Carol Musso Foley Commit to a Generous Donation for Cancer Care at Two Hackensack Meridian Health Hospitals

Hackensack Meridian Health and the Meridian Health Foundation are pleased to announce a gift of $750,000 from the Nicola-Musso Charitable Foundation of New York, N.Y. and Carol Musso Foley of New York and Spring Lake, NJ, to be used to enhance cancer...

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Science News


First-ever look at complete skeleton of Thylacoleo, Australia’s extinct “marsupial lion”

Thyalacoleo carnifex, the “marsupial lion” of Pleistocene Australia, was an adept hunter that got around with the help of a strong tail, according to a study released December 12, 2018 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Roderick T. Wells of F...

– PLOS

PLOS ONE

Embargo expired on 12-Dec-2018 at 14:00 ET


An Energy-Efficient Way to Stay Warm: Sew High-Tech Heating Patches to Your Clothes

What if, instead of turning up the thermostat, you could warm up with high-tech, flexible patches sewn into your clothes – while significantly reducing your electric bill and carbon footprint? Engineers at Rutgers and Oregon State University have f...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Scientific Reports; Rutgers Today


For a longer battery life: Pushing lithium ion batteries to the next performance level

Conventional lithium ion batteries, such as those widely used in smartphones and notebooks, have reached performance limits. Materials chemist Freddy Kleitz from the Faculty of Chemistry of the University of Vienna and international scientists have d...

– University of Vienna

Advanced Energy Materials


Drawn into a Whirlpool: A New Way to Stop Dangerous Fast Electrons in a Fusion Device

A new phenomena forms vortices that trap particles, impeding electron avalanches that harm fusion reactors.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physical Review Letter 120, 265001 (2018). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.265001]; Nuclear Fusion 58, 096030 (2018). [DOI: 10.1088/1741-4326/aacc9b]


Earliest Discovery of Clove and Pepper From Ancient South Asia

A team of archaeologists from UCL have discovered the first empirical evidence of cloves and black pepper to have been found in Sri Lanka, suggesting that exotic spice trade in the region dates back to as early as 600 AD.

– University College London

Antiquity


Scientists Identify New Minerals for Carbon

Research confirms new minerals are capturing and storing carbon in a new paper by University of Alberta geologists and their collaborators. The minerals, members of the hydrotalcite group, are the first outside of the carbonate family to naturally ca...

– University of Alberta

International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control


During Droughts, Bacteria Help Sorghum Continue Growing

Researchers discover how certain bacteria may safeguard plant growth during a drought, making way for strategies to improve crop productivity.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 115, E4284 (2018). [DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1717308115]


Teens get more sleep, show improved grades and attendance with later school start time, researchers find

In 2016, Seattle Public Schools pushed back the start times for the district's 18 high schools by 55 minutes, from 7:50 a.m. to 8:45 a.m. And as hoped, teenagers used the extra time to sleep in.

– University of Washington

Science Advances, Dec. 2018


UNLV Study Unlocks Clues to How Planets Form

UNLV researchers Shangjia Zhang and Zhaohuan Zhu led a team of international astronomers in a study that used the powerful ALMA telescope to discover that in other parts of the Milky Way Galaxy there is potentially a large population of young planets...

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

Astrophysical Journal Letters

includes video


Climate change imperils Midwest ag production

A new Cornell University-led study shows that Midwest agriculture is increasingly vulnerable to climate change because of the region’s reliance on growing rain-fed crops.

– Cornell University

Science Advances, Dec. 2018


Barely scratching the surface: A new way to make robust membranes

Argonne researchers have demonstrated a new technique’s viability for membranes.

– Argonne National Laboratory

JOM, Sept-2018


Researchers Develop Mathematical Solver for Analog Computers

University of Notre Dame's Zoltán Toroczkai and collaborators have been working toward developing a novel mathematical approach that will help advance computation beyond the digital framework.

– University of Notre Dame

Nature Communications


Scientists Elaborated a Program to Calculate the Time of Materials’ Fracture

Within SUSU’s strategic direction entitled “Fundamental science in the sphere of providing Engineering 3.0”, an interdisciplinary project team of the university’s scientists in a record-breaking period of time (6 weeks) created Kinetic Calcul...

– South Ural State University


A Unique Automated Draw Bench Created in Chelyabinsk

Drawing is one of the oldest methods of pressure metal treatment, which is remaining relevant up to date. The team of scientists of South Ural State University created a laboratory draw bench, which has no analogs in the Russian market.

– South Ural State University


NASA’s Webb Telescope Will Provide Census of Fledgling Stars in Stellar Nursery

Astronomers will use the upcoming NASA James Webb Space Telescope to study star birth in the nearby Small Magellanic Cloud galaxy, which contains some of the same conditions that existed in galaxies during the universe’s peak star-formation epoch. ...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)


New technology created to protect wind turbines from lightning

An ongoing partnership between Wichita State University and Westar Energy recently resulted in the implementation of a new technology aimed at protecting wind turbine blades from lightning strikes.

– Wichita State University


VitalTag Delivers Faster Response Time for Paramedics

VitalTag, a suite of sensors, allows data to be shared among EMTs and paramedics at a disaster site. The VitalTag suite connects to a victim’s chest, with other sensors attached to the ear and index finger. It collects then broadcasts the victim’...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Cloud or no cloud, that is the question

Feature RICHLAND, Wash. — Kids lying on their backs in a grassy field might scan the clouds for images—perhaps a fluffy bunny here and a fiery dragon over there. Often, atmospheric scientists do the opposite—they search data images for the clou...

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

includes video


Arboriculture Society Donation to Help Fund UF/IFAS Tree Expert

The new person will fill a vacancy created by the retirement of internationally recognized professor Ed Gilman. Among his contributions, Gilman conducted considerable research and Extension to help the public protect trees against wind damage.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


SDSC’s ‘Trestles’ Supercomputer Still Going Strong Three+ Years Later

Trestles, which was acquired more than three years ago by the Arkansas High Performance Computing Center (AHPCC) at the University of Arkansas after entering service at the San Diego Supercomputer Center in mid-2011, is still serving researchers desp...

– University of California San Diego


Binghamton University faculty member elected fellow of the National Academy of Inventors

Distinguished Professor Jessica Fridrich, PhD ’95, of Binghamton University’s Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, was elected as a Fellow of The National Academy of Inventors (NAI).

– Binghamton University, State University of New York


Argentina Creates Two Massive Marine Parks

The Government of Argentina has created two massive offshore marine parks in the southwest Atlantic that will help protect the diverse marine life of the Patagonian Sea, according to WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and a host of other partners wh...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


WVU history faculty earn prestigious NEH fellowships

An unprecedented two scholars from West Virginia University have received the top fellowship from the National Endowment for the Humanities. Katherine Aaslestad and Tamba M’bayo, both professors in the Department of History, will each receive $60,0...

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


Attention, please! Anticipation of touch takes focus, executive skills

Anticipation is often viewed as an emotional experience, an eager wait for something to happen.

– University of Washington

Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience; BCS-1460889, SMA-1540619


Rethinking school suspensions: School climate offers a clue

A 2012 study by the Everyone Graduates Center at John Hopkins University found that when a high school freshman receives a single suspension, their chances of dropping out of school can increase by a third.

– University of Missouri, Columbia

Children and Youth Services Review


Your Brain on Imagination: It Looks a Lot Like Your Brain on Reality

A new brain imaging study shows that when we imagine something we fear, it stimulates similar neural pathways as when we experience it. The findings suggest imagination can be a powerful therapeutic tool for helping people get over phobias or post tr...

– University of Colorado Boulder

Neuron; Neuron, Nov. 2018


New Degree at American U. Aims to Prepare Next Generation of Foreign Policy Experts

New Degree at American U. Aims to Prepare Next Generation of Foreign Policy Experts

– American University


Student constructs gender-inclusive Hebrew language rules

Lior Gross and Jewish Studies instructor Eyal Rivlin publicly launched their new gender-inclusive Hebrew language—the Nonbinary Hebrew Project—in late October.  

– University of Colorado Boulder


Media Advisory: Jhu Expert Available on Lab-Grown Meat

A company in Israel has unveiled the world’s first lab-grown steak, grown in a petri dish with the taste and texture of one that comes from a cow. Jan Dutkiewicz, a postdoctoral fellow in political science at Johns Hopkins University has researched...

Expert Available

– Johns Hopkins University


Geography research in Central America leads to international drug trafficking

When Dr. Jennifer Devine first traveled to Central America to study the Maya Biosphere Reserve, her goal was to learn about the successful development model of community forestry. But what began as forestry research for this assistant professor of...

– Texas State University


How Can the U.S. Call Upon Its Strengths as It Looks Forward to an Uncertain Future?

“A Preface to Strategy: The Foundations of American National Security,” a new paper from the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory’s Senior Fellows, examines the nation’s core strengths and how they should shape new strategies.

– Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory


WVU history faculty earn prestigious NEH fellowships

Katherine Aaslestad and Tamba M’bayo, both professors in the Department of History, will each receive $60,000 for the 2019-2020 academic year to conduct research for their respective book projects.

– West Virginia University


FAU A.D. Henderson University School Receives Only National ‘Blue Ribbon’ Distinction in Palm Beach County for 2018

FAU's A.D. Henderson University School unveiled its National Blue Ribbon distinction awarded by the U.S. Department of Education at an announcement ceremony.

– Florida Atlantic University

includes video


Stanford MBA Class of 2018 Chose Careers Where They Could Make a Difference

The MBA Class of 2018 broke records for salaries for the fourth consecutive year, yet their career choices were not about chasing the money.

– Stanford Graduate School of Business

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