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Friday, December 14, 2018

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Medical
(29 New)
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Medical News


Control HIV by treating schistosomiasis, new study suggests

Of the 34 million people worldwide with HIV, and the 200 million with schistosomiasis, the majority live in Africa— where millions of people are simultaneously infected with both diseases. Now, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Disea...

– PLOS

PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Embargo expired on 13-Dec-2018 at 14:00 ET


Study Compares Dialysis Reimbursement Around the Globe

• Dialysis reimbursement policies in most countries are focused on conventional in-center hemodialysis, although home hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis might contribute to quality of life and cost savings. • The reimbursement for dialysis in ...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN)

Embargo expired on 13-Dec-2018 at 17:00 ET


New Genetic Clues to Early-Onset Form of Dementia

In an effort to better understand frontotemporal dementia, an international team of researchers, led by Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, has found that a lone mutation in a single gene that causes an inherited form of the disord...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Translational Psychiatry, Dec. 13, 2018

Embargo expired on 13-Dec-2018 at 11:00 ET


Researchers uncover molecular mechanisms linked to autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder

Two studies have linked DNA changes to their molecular effects in the brain, revealing new mechanisms for psychiatric diseases. The findings provide a roadmap for developing a new generation of therapies for conditions like autism, schizophrenia and ...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Science, Dec. 13, 2018

Embargo expired on 13-Dec-2018 at 14:00 ET


An exceptional surgical intervention

Thanks to the efforts of a pediatric medical team at CHU Sainte-Justine in Montreal, a 2-year-old girl suffering from an extreme form of hydrocephalus may someday lead a more normal life.

– Universite de Montreal

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2018 at 08:00 ET


In Mice, Johns Hopkins Researchers Find the Cause of and Cure for Brain Injury Associated With Gut Condition in Preemies

Using a mouse model of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) — a potentially fatal condition that causes a premature infant’s gut to suddenly die — researchers at Johns Hopkins say they have uncovered the molecular causes of the condition and its ass...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Science Translational Medicine


Study Shows Massage Helps Ease Arthritis Pain, Improve Mobility

Patients with arthritis in their knees experienced significant improvement in pain and mobility after undergoing a weekly, whole-body massage for two months, according to a study led by researchers at Duke Health.

– Duke Health

Journal of General Internal Medicine; R01AT004623


Impairment rating of injured workers depends on the when and where of assessment

The American Medical Association (AMA) Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment is used in workers' compensation systems, federal systems, automobile accidents and personal injury cases to rate impairment. However, a comparison of a group...

– McMaster University

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine


The “Greying” of T Cells

Research in mouse cells identifies defective metabolic pathway in aging immune T cells. The pathway is critical for switching T cells from dormancy into illness-fighting mode. In experiments, researchers restored lagging T-cell function by adding s...

– Harvard Medical School

PNAS


Researchers identify widespread brain alterations in children with callousness

Children with elevated levels of callous traits—such as a lack of remorse and disregard for other people’s feelings—show widespread differences in brain structure compared with children with lower levels of the traits, according to a new study ...

– Elsevier

Biological Psychiatry


Ebola-Fighting Protein Discovered in Human Cells

Ebola virus (green) infects human cells much more easily when you remove the protective RBBP6 protein (compare left to right). Researchers have discovered a human protein that helps fight the Ebola virus and could one day lead to an effecti...

– Northwestern University

Cell, Dec-2018; P50GM082250; U19AI106754; R01AI120694; P01AI063302; U19AI109664; U19AI109945; P01120943; R01AI114814


You are what you eat: High dietary versatility characteristic for early hominins

To eat what grows locally – today’s dietary trend was every day’s practice for prehistoric humans. Studying fossil tooth enamel, German researchers from the Senckenberg research institutes and Goethe University Frankfurt discovered that the ear...

– Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum

Homo rudolfensis; Paranthropus boisei


A Population Health Approach to Dramatically Reduce Heart Disease Risk

Doctors in North Carolina created a state-wide network and used existing electronic health records to determine that tens of thousands of people across the state were at high risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Primary care doctors used this a...

– University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association


Infective endocarditis increases tenfold in North Carolina

The number of hospitalizations and surgeries to treat drug-associated infective endocarditis have both increased more than tenfold in North Carolina, according to doctors at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine who published their rese...

– University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Annals of Internal Medicine


Cancer patients face higher risk for shingles, new vaccines hold promise for prevention

People newly diagnosed with cancer, particularly blood cancers, and those treated with chemotherapy have a greater risk of developing shingles, according to a new study in the Journal of Infectious Diseases. The findings may help guide efforts to pre...

– Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA)

Journal of Infectious Diseases


Exercise Significantly Cuts the Risk of Death from Cancer

New research out of Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center shows that cancer patients who exercise regularly both before and after their diagnosis are significantly more likely to survive than those who are sedentary, adding to the growing body of ...

– Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center

Cancer Causes & Control


Ritalin drives greater connection between brain areas key to memory, attention

Luis Populin and UW–Madison collaborators published a study this week in the Journal of Neuroscience describing increased connections between key parts of the brains of monkeys who have taken methylphenidate (Ritalin).

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Journal of Neuroscience, week of Dec. 10, 2018


Study shows magnesium optimizes vitamin D status

A randomized trial by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center researchers indicates that magnesium optimizes vitamin D status, raising it in people with deficient levels and lowering it in people with high levels.

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center

The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition


Genetically modified pigs resist infection with the classical swine fever virus

Researchers have developed genetically modified pigs that are protected from classical swine fever virus (CSFV), according to a study published December 13 in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by Hongsheng Ouyang of Jilin University, and colleag...

– PLOS

PLOS Pathogens


Parents’ brain activity ‘echoes’ their infant’s brain activity when they play together

When infants are playing with objects, their early attempts to pay attention to things are accompanied by bursts of high-frequency activity in their brain. But what happens when parents play together with them? New research, publishing December 13 in...

– PLOS

PLOS Biology


Face Masks May Protect Hog Farm Workers and Their Household Members From Staph Bacteria

Face masks appear to provide important protection against drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria for hog farm workers and for household members to whom they might otherwise transmit the bacteria, according to a study led by scientists at Johns...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Environmental Health Perspectives


Helping Families Navigate the Digital World

Digital devices like the iPad have only been around for about 10 years, but in that short amount of time, they have become ingrained into everyday life and research examining their impact on young children is limited.Tune into 60 Minutes this Sunday,...

– Seattle Children's Hospital


Integrated Data Vital in Stopping Spread of TB

Manitoba has the highest provincial incident rate of active tuberculosis (TB) in Canada, and stopping its spread depends on, among other things, the availability of high-quality, comprehensive data to ensure early and complete treatment, according to...

– University of Manitoba


Kidney Transplant Survivor Toasts Life This Holiday Season

Here's a great holiday story about a 20-year-old Reno, NV, man whose mother saved his life. Harley Brackney's snowboarding accident and subsequent trip to the emergency room led to the shocking discovery that he had a life-altering condition - stage ...

– Cedars-Sinai

includes video


UTHealth experts spill beans on festive party food preferences

With the holiday party season in full swing, deciding what to wear can be the biggest headache. But paying attention to what you eat at such occasions might reveal it’s your diet more in need of a makeover. The good news is experts at The Universit...

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston


Fred Hutch 2018 highlights: immunotherapy, prevention strategies, precision screening, value-based care and more

Summaries of this year’s notable advances at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and beyond.

– Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center


Poison Control Expert Available to Discuss CDC’s Warning Against Eating Raw Cookie Dough

A Rutgers University poison control expert is available to discuss the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s warning about the dangers of tasting raw cookie dough.

Expert Available

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Quit Smoking on New Year’s

New Year’s has become a time when many smokers make a resolution to quit for good, but what happens after that? Quitting smoking is tough, and even with the strongest resolve, many smokers need a few quit attempts in order to stay quit. To support ...

– Monday Campaigns


Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Announces Endowed Chair in Pediatric Neuroblastoma Research

Pediatric oncologist and researcher Yael Mossé, MD, Director of the Neuroblastoma Development Therapeutics Program at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, has been named the inaugural holder of the Patricia Brophy Endowed Chair in Neuroblastoma Re...

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Science News


Fragmenting Disk Gives Birth to Binary Star ‘Odd Couple’

ALMA discovered two young stars forming from the same swirling protoplanetary disk; one has more in common with planets than the other.

– National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Astrophysical Journal Letters, Dec.14, 2018


In Search of Missing Worlds, Hubble Finds a Fast Evaporating Exoplanet

To date, astronomers have discovered two warm Neptunes that are leaking their atmospheres into space. The most recent finding using Hubble, a planet cataloged as GJ 3470b, is losing its atmosphere at a rate 100 times faster than that of the previousl...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Astronomy and Astrophysics, Dec-2018


Future Loss of Arctic Sea-Ice Cover Could Contribute to the Substantial Decrease in California’s Rainfall

A new modeling framework helps understand the consequences of future sea-ice loss in the Arctic.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Communications 8, 1947 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-01907-4]


Tangled magnetic fields power cosmic particle accelerators

Magnetic field lines tangled like spaghetti in a bowl might be behind the most powerful particle accelerators in the universe. That’s the result of a new computational study by researchers from the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

E. P. Alves, J. Zrake and Frederico Fiúza, Physical Review Letters, 14 December 2018

includes video


Argonne scientists maximize the effectiveness of platinum in fuel cells

In new research from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory and published in Science, scientists have identified a new catalyst that uses only about a quarter as much platinum as current technology by maximizing the effectivene...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Science, Nov.-2018


Hubble Finds Far-Away Planet Vanishing at Record Speed

In their quest to learn more about planets beyond our own solar system, astronomers discovered that a medium-sized planet roughly the size of Neptune is evaporating at a rate 100 times faster than a previously discovered planet of similar size.

– Johns Hopkins University

Astronomy & Astrophysics, Dec-2018


Coral larvae use sound to find a home on the reef

Choosing a place to call home is one of the most consequential choices a coral can make. In the animal's larval stage, it floats freely in the ocean--but once it settles down, it anchors itself permanently to the rocky substrate of a reef, and remain...

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Royal Society Open Science


Tale of two trees: New web tool estimates gene trees with ease

Gene trees, much like family trees, trace the lineage of a particular gene from its deep ancestral roots to its still-growing stems. By comparing gene trees to species trees, which map the evolutionary history of species, scientists can learn which s...

– Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University - OIST

Molecular Biology and Evolution


Texas State researchers lead test of pioneering Bat Deterrent System

Texas State University researchers, in partnership with Bat Conservation International (BCI), have completed a trial of an ultrasonic acoustic Bat Deterrent System that reduced overall bat fatalities at the Los Vientos Wind Energy Facility in Starr C...

– Texas State University


New Research Finds Human Impact is Leading to Higher Salinity Levels in Freshwater Resources

New research finds that the combined effects of land use and climate change are resulting in increased salinity levels in rivers and streams, further highlighting an emerging threat to freshwater resources, biodiversity and ecosystem functions across...

– California State University, Monterey Bay

Philosophical Transactions B


Accelerated Computing Hackathon Returns for Second Year

Brookhaven Lab's Computational Science Initiative hosted its second hackathon on graphics processing units for accelerating scientific discovery.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

includes video


Microbiologist Amy Cheng Vollmer on Similarities Between Bacteria and Teenagers

Isaac H. Clothier Jr. Professor of Biology Amy Cheng Vollmer was recently a guest on Key Conversations, a podcast from the Phi Beta Kappa (PBK) Society that features dialogues with PBK Visiting Scholars.

– Swarthmore College


NMSU Regents approve new rule, paving the way for industrial hemp production in NM

Beginning in 2019, farmers in New Mexico will be allowed to produce industrial hemp. Regulations for growing the crop, approved today by the New Mexico State University Board of Regents, are expected to benefit growers and create a new economic drive...

– New Mexico State University (NMSU)


Good Vibrations: Neutrons Lend Insight into Acoustic Fracking

Hydraulic fracturing taps hard-to-reach pockets of oil and natural gas where more traditional drilling methods fall short. However, the process requires large amounts of water and chemicals, which can negatively impact public health and the environme...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

includes video


Timken turns to neutrons to get its bearings on internal stresses

Researchers from the Timken Company, a leading international manufacturer of bearings, are using neutron scattering at ORNL’s High Flux Isotope Reactor to investigate how internal residual stresses can shorten the lifetime and reliability of a bear...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


A Device That Illuminates the Invisible

Improved security for military operations and at airports, schools, sports venues, and other public spaces. A team of engineers at the University of Delaware has created a camera that acts as a portable body scanner. The scanner reads millimeter wave...

– University of Delaware


Kennesaw State University researcher awarded NIH grant to improve gene-editing technology delivery

Kennesaw State University researcher Daniel Morris recently received a three-year $403,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health to improve the delivery of protein therapeutics and the CRISPR/Cas gene-editing technology to living cells.

– Kennesaw State University


Data Scientist Peter Fox Chosen as Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science

The American Association for the Advancement of Science has elected Peter Fox, data scientist and professor at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, as a Fellow of the society, in recognition of his “distinguished, innovative, and sustained fundamental...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


Jian Yang named National Academy of Inventors fellow

Recognizing a career highlighted by multiple biomedical engineering and materials science breakthroughs, the National Academy of Inventors (NAI) has named Jian Yang, professor of biomedical engineering, as an NAI Fellow.

– Penn State College of Engineering


BPS Announces Jennifer Pesanelli as next Executive Officer, Thanks Ro Kampman for her Service

The Biophysical Society (BPS) announced that Jennifer Pesanelli has been selected as the next Executive Officer of the Society. Current Executive Officer Ro Kampman announced her retirement in June. Pesanelli joins BPS from the Federation of American...

– Biophysical Society


DHS S&T Launches $250K Challenge to Develop Concepts for Escape Respirator

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) launched the Escape Respirator Challenge, a $250,000 prize competition that seeks new concepts for an escape respirator solution.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Saving sacred architecture in Nagpur, India

West view of the Murlidhar temple at Pardi, built during the Bhosle period, in the late 18th century, Nagpur.An American art history professor could help India preserve some historic religious sculpture and architecture.  Cathleen Cummings, Ph.D., a...

Expert Available

– University of Alabama at Birmingham


Haas Team Wins National Real Estate Case Challenge

A team of Berkeley MBA students took first place at the 16th annual National Real Estate Case Challenge for their creative investment strategy surrounding a new commercial property.

– University of California, Berkeley Haas School of Business


U of R welcomes first Tuskegee University exchange student

Following last year’s announcement about a new partnership between the University of Redlands and Tuskegee University, the first student from the private historically black university in Alabama has arrived on the Redlands campus.

– University of Redlands


Clarkson University Delivers $344.7 Million Economic Impact to North Country

An updated economic analysis by the Center for Governmental Research, released today has reported that Clarkson University provided an economic impact of $344.7 million to the North Country regional economy last year through its institutional operati...

– Clarkson University


UIC’s Gallery 400 chosen as one of six to receive $50K Joyce Award

Gallery 400 on the University of Illinois at Chicago campus receives second Joyce Foundation Award

– University of Illinois at Chicago

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